Results for 'Jürgen Hübner'

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  1.  4
    Becoming Mead: The Social Process of Academic Knowledge.Daniel R. Huebner - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    In short, he is known in a discipline in which he did not teach for a book he did not write. In Becoming Mead, Daniel R. Huebner traces the ways in which knowledge has been produced by and about the famed American philosopher.
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  2. What Does the Nation of China Think About Phenomenal States?Bryce Huebner, Michael Bruno & Hagop Sarkissian - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):225-243.
    Critics of functionalism about the mind often rely on the intuition that collectivities cannot be conscious in motivating their positions. In this paper, we consider the merits of appealing to the intuition that there is nothing that it’s like to be a collectivity. We demonstrate that collective mentality is not an affront to commonsense, and we report evidence that demonstrates that the intuition that there is nothing that it’s like to be a collectivity is, to some extent, culturally specific rather (...)
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  3. The Role of Emotion in Moral Psychology.Bryce Huebner, Susan Dwyer & Marc Hauser - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):1-6.
    Recent work in the cognitive and neurobiological sciences indicates an important relationship between emotion and moral judgment. Based on this evidence, several researchers have argued that emotions are the source of our intuitive moral judgments. However, despite the richness of the correlational data between emotion and morality, we argue that the current neurological, behavioral, developmental and evolutionary evidence is insufficient to demonstrate that emotion is necessary for making moral judgments. We suggest instead, that the source of moral judgments lies in (...)
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  4. Genuinely Collective Emotions.Bryce Huebner - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (1):89-118.
    It is received wisdom in philosophy and the cognitive sciences that individuals can be in emotional states but groups cannot. But why should we accept this view? In this paper, I argue that there is substantial philosophical and empirical support for the existence of collective emotions. Thus, while there is good reason to be skeptical about many ascriptions of collective emotion, I argue that some groups exhibit the computational complexity and informational integration required for being in genuinely emotional states.
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  5.  36
    Norms in the Wild: How to Diagnose, Measure, and Change Social Norms.Bryce Huebner - 2018 - Philosophical Review 127 (4):541-545.
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  6. The Linguistic Analogy: Motivations, Results, and Speculations.Susan Dwyer, Bryce Huebner & Marc D. Hauser - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):486-510.
    Inspired by the success of generative linguistics and transformational grammar, proponents of the linguistic analogy (LA) in moral psychology hypothesize that careful attention to folk-moral judgments is likely to reveal a small set of implicit rules and structures responsible for the ubiquitous and apparently unbounded capacity for making moral judgments. As a theoretical hypothesis, LA thus requires a rich description of the computational structures that underlie mature moral judgments, an account of the acquisition and development of these structures, and an (...)
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  7. Commonsense Concepts of Phenomenal Consciousness: Does Anyone Care About Functional Zombies?Bryce Huebner - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):133-155.
    It would be a mistake to deny commonsense intuitions a role in developing a theory of consciousness. However, philosophers have traditionally failed to probe commonsense in a way that allows these commonsense intuitions to make a robust contribution to a theory of consciousness. In this paper, I report the results of two experiments on purportedly phenomenal states and I argue that many disputes over the philosophical notion of ‘phenomenal consciousness’ are misguided—they fail to capture the interesting connection between commonsense ascriptions (...)
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  8.  7
    Structured Semantic Knowledge Can Emerge Automatically From Predicting Word Sequences in Child-Directed Speech.Philip A. Huebner & Jon A. Willits - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  9.  69
    Troubles with Stereotypes for Spinozan Minds.Bryce Huebner - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (1):63-92.
    Some people succeed in adopting feminist ideals in spite of the prevalence of asymmetric power relations. However, those who adopt such ideals face a number of psychological difficulties in inhibiting stereotype-based judgments. I argue that a Spinozan theory of belief fixation offers a more complete understanding of the mechanisms that underwrite our intuitive stereotype-based judgments. I also argue that a Spinozan theory of belief fixation offers resources for avoiding stereotype-based judgments where they are antecedently recognized to be pernicious and insidious. (...)
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  10.  21
    Cultural Evolution and Prosociality: Widening the Hypothesis Space.Bryce Huebner & Hagop Sarkissian - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (39):e15.
    Norenzayan and colleagues suggest that Big Gods can be replaced by Big Governments. We examine forms of social and self-monitoring and ritual practice that emerged in Classical China, heterarchical societies like those that emerged in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and the contemporary Zapatista movement of Chiapas, and we recommend widening the hypothesis space to include these alternative forms of social organization.
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  11. Do Emotions Play a Constitutive Role in Moral Cognition?Bryce Huebner - 2015 - Topoi 34 (2):427-440.
    Recent behavioral experiments, along with imaging experiments and neuropsychological studies appear to support the hypothesis that emotions play a causal or constitutive role in moral judgment. Those who resist this hypothesis tend to suggest that affective mechanisms are better suited to play a modulatory role in moral cognition. But I argue that claims about the role of emotion in moral cognition frame the debate in ways that divert attention away from other plausible hypotheses. I suggest that the available data may (...)
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  12.  16
    Transactive Memory Reconstructed: Rethinking Wegner’s Research Program.Bryce Huebner - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):48-69.
    In this paper, I argue that recent research on episodic memory supports a limited defense of the phenomena that Daniel Wegner has termed transactive memory. Building on psychological and neurological research, targeting both individual and shared memory, I argue that individuals can collaboratively work to construct shared episodic memories. In some cases, this yields memories that are distributed across multiple individuals instead of being housed in individual brains.
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  13.  48
    Macrocognition: A Theory of Distributed Minds and Collective Intentionality.Bryce Huebner - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This book develops a novel approach to distributed cognition and collective intentionality. It is argued that collective mentality should be only be posited where specialized subroutines are integrated in a way that yields skillful, goal-directed behavior that is sensitive to concerns that are relevant to a group as such.
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  14.  88
    Accountability and Values in Radically Collaborative Research.Eric Winsberg, Bryce Huebner & Rebecca Kukla - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 46:16-23.
    This paper discusses a crisis of accountability that arises when scientific collaborations are massively epistemically distributed. We argue that social models of epistemic collaboration, which are social analogs to what Patrick Suppes called a “model of the experiment,” must play a role in creating accountability in these contexts. We also argue that these social models must accommodate the fact that the various agents in a collaborative project often have ineliminable, messy, and conflicting interests and values; any story about accountability in (...)
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  15.  41
    How the Source, Inevitability and Means of Bringing About Harm Interact in Folk-Moral Judgments.Bryce Huebner, Marc D. Hauser & Phillip Pettit - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (2):210-233.
    Means-based harms are frequently seen as forbidden, even when they lead to a greater good. But, are there mitigating factors? Results from five experiments show that judgments about means-based harms are modulated by: 1) Pareto considerations (was the harmed person made worse off?), 2) the directness of physical contact, and 3) the source of the threat (e.g. mechanical, human, or natural). Pareto harms are more permissible than non-Pareto harms, Pareto harms requiring direct physical contact are less permissible than those that (...)
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  16.  8
    Der Klassische Archäologe Hermann Thiersch und der Erwerb der Basler Papyrussammlung im Jahr 1899/1900.Sabine R. Huebner - 2019 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 42 (1):28-42.
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  17.  47
    Do You See What We See? An Investigation of an Argument Against Collective Representation.Bryce Huebner - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):91 – 112.
    Collectivities (states, club, unions, teams, etc.) are often fruitfully spoken of as though they possessed representational capacities. Despite this fact, many philosophers reject the possibility that collectivities might be thought of as genuinely representational. This paper addresses the most promising objection to the possibility of collective representation, the claim that there is no explanatory value to positing collective representations above and beyond the representational states of the individuals that compose a particular collectivity. I claim that this argument either proves too (...)
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  18.  63
    The Moral-Conventional Distinction in Mature Moral Competence.Bryce Huebner, James Lee & Marc Hauser - 2010 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 10 (1-2):1-26.
    Developmental psychologists have long argued that the capacity to distinguish moral and conventional transgressions develops across cultures and emerges early in life. Children reliably treat moral transgressions as more wrong, more punishable, independent of structures of authority, and universally applicable. However, previous studies have not yet examined the role of these features in mature moral cognition. Using a battery of adult-appropriate cases (including vehicular and sexual assault, reckless behavior, and violations of etiquette and social contracts) we demonstrate that these features (...)
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  19. Critiquing Empirical Moral Psychology.Bryce Huebner - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (1):50-83.
    Thought experimental methods play a central role in empirical moral psychology. Against the increasingly common interpretation of recent experimental data, I argue that such methods cannot demonstrate that moral intuitions are produced by reflexive computations that are implicit, fast, and largely automatic. I demonstrate, in contrast, that evaluating thought experiments occurs at a near-glacial pace relative to the speed at which reflexive information processing occurs in a human brain. So, these methods allow for more reflective and deliberative processing than has (...)
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  20.  46
    Collective Intentionality and Socially Extended Minds.Mattia Gallotti & Bryce Huebner - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (3):247-264.
    There are many ways to advance our understanding of the human mind by studying different kinds of sociality. Our aim in this introduction is to situate claims about extended cognition within a broader framework of research on human sociality. We briefly discuss the existing landscape, focusing on ways of defending socially extended cognition. We then draw on resources from the recent literature on the socially extended mind, as well as the literature on collective intentionality, to provide a framework for thinking (...)
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  21.  5
    Intuitive Moral Judgments Are Robust Across Variation in Gender, Education, Politics and Religion: A Large-Scale Web-Based Study.Konika Banerjee, Bryce Huebner & Marc Hauser - 2010 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 10 (3-4):253-281.
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  22.  41
    Minimal Minds.Bryce Huebner - 2011 - In Tom L. Beauchamp R. G. Frey (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics.
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  23.  17
    Collective Responsibility and Fraud in Scientific Communities.Bryce Huebner & Liam Kofi Bright - 2018 - In Saba Bazargan-Forward & Deborah Perron Tollefsen (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Collective Responsibility. Routledge.
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  24. Moral Judgments About Altruistic Self-Sacrifice: When Philosophical and Folk Intuitions Clash.Bryce Huebner & Marc D. Hauser - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):73-94.
    Altruistic self-sacrifice is rare, supererogatory, and not to be expected of any rational agent; but, the possibility of giving up one's life for the common good has played an important role in moral theorizing. For example, Judith Jarvis Thomson (2008) has argued in a recent paper that intuitions about altruistic self-sacrifice suggest that something has gone wrong in philosophical debates over the trolley problem. We begin by showing that her arguments face a series of significant philosophical objections; however, our project (...)
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  25.  82
    What is a Philosophical Effect? Models of Data in Experimental Philosophy.Bryce Huebner - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3273-3292.
    Papers in experimental philosophy rarely offer an account of what it would take to reveal a philosophically significant effect. In part, this is because experimental philosophers tend to pay insufficient attention to the hierarchy of models that would be required to justify interpretations of their data; as a result, some of their most exciting claims fail as explanations. But this does not impugn experimental philosophy. My aim is to show that experimental philosophy could be made more successful by developing, articulating, (...)
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  26.  71
    Reflection, Reflex, and Folk Intuitions.Bryce Huebner - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):651-653.
  27.  17
    Review of Gregg D. Caruso and Owen Flanagan , Neuroexistentialism: Meaning, Morals, & Purpose in the Age of Neuroscience, Oxford University Press, 2018, 392pp., ISBN: 9780190460730. [REVIEW]Bryce Huebner - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-8.
    In this review, I offer an overview of of the questions that caught my attention while reading Neuroexistentialism. I aim to make it clear why the issues that are raised in this volume are worth exploring in more detail. I also hope to clarify the limitations that are imposed by neural and social constraints, and to recommend ways of anchoring a third wave of existentialism in our understanding of neuroscience, our expanding sense of cultural variation, and our emerging recognition of (...)
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  28.  41
    Surprisal and Valuation in the Predictive Brain.Bryce Huebner - 2012 - Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 3:415.
    Surprisal and Valuation in the Predictive Brain.
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  29.  38
    Massively Representational Minds Are Not Always Driven by Goals, Conscious or Otherwise.Bryce Huebner & Robert D. Rupert - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):145-146.
  30.  17
    From Objectivized Morality to Objective Morality.Joseph Jebari & Bryce Huebner - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  31.  14
    Sharing Values.Marcus Hedahl & Bryce Huebner - 2018 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 56 (2):240-272.
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  32.  88
    Banishing “I” and “We” From Accounts of Metacognition.Bryce Huebner & Daniel C. Dennett - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):148-149.
    Carruthers offers a promising model for how know the propositional contents of own minds. Unfortunately, in retaining talk of first-person access to mental states, his suggestions assume that a higher-order self is already We invite Carruthers to eliminate the first-person from his model and to develop a more thoroughly third-person model of metacognition.
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  33.  8
    Surprisal and Valuation in the Predictive Brain.Bryce Huebner - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  34.  73
    Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind. [REVIEW]Bryce Huebner - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (2):315 - 318.
  35.  58
    List , Christian , and Pettit , Philip . Group Agency: The Possibility, Design, and Status of Corporate Agents . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Pp. 240. $45.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW]Bryce Huebner - 2012 - Ethics 122 (3):608-612.
  36.  11
    Minding Theory of Mind.Melanie Yergeau & Bryce Huebner - 2017 - Journal of Social Philosophy 48 (3):273-296.
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  37.  5
    The Effects of Satisfaction of Basic Psychological Needs at School on Children’s Prosocial Behavior and Antisocial Behavior: The Mediating Role of School Satisfaction.Lili Tian, Xiao Zhang & E. Scott Huebner - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  19
    Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Addiction.Voges Juergen, Müller Ulf, Bogerts Bernhard & Heinze Hans-Joachim - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  39.  5
    Psychometric Properties of the Positivity Scale Among Chinese Adults and Early Adolescents.Lili Tian, Dandan Zhang & E. Scott Huebner - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  40. The Politics of the Cross: The Theology and Ethics of John Howard Yoder.Craig A. Carter, Stanley Hauerwas, Chris K. Huebner, Harry J. Huebner, Mark Thiessen Nation & Ben C. Ollenburger - 2005 - Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (1):139-174.
    In his landmark monograph, "The Politics of Jesus", John Howard Yoder challenged mainstream Christian social ethics by arguing that the New Testament account of Jesus's founding of a messianic community entails a normative politics, not only for early Christianity but for the contemporary church. This challenge is further elaborated in several important posthumous publications, especially "Preface to Theology", in which Yoder examines the development of early Christology with attention to its political and ethical implications, and "The Jewish-Christian Schism Revisited", Yoder's (...)
     
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  41.  27
    Tool Use as Situated Cognition.Bryce Huebner & Andy Blitzer - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (4):245-62.
    Vaesen disregards a plausible alternative to his position, and so fails to offer a compelling argument for unique cognitive mechanisms. We suggest an ecological alternative, according to which divergent relationships between organism and environment, not exotic neuroanatomy, are responsible for unique cognitive capacities. This approach is pertinent to claims about primate cognition; and on this basis, we argue that Vaesen's inference from unique skills to unique mechanisms is unwarranted.
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  42.  22
    Intervention in the Brain: Politics, Policy, and Ethics by Robert H. Blank (Review).Bryce Huebner - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):6-11.
    Robert H. Blank has set his sights high in Intervention in the Brain. He presents a carefully researched and readable account of the ethical and political issues that arise as a result of our increased ability to intervene on the brain; and with this, he hopes to provide a foundation for future debates about a wide variety of important issues. I applaud his project, and agree wholeheartedly that we should be thinking more carefully about the political implications of research in (...)
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  43.  40
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Bryce Huebner, Janette Dinishak, James A. Marcum & Jelle De Schrijver - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (6):843 – 858.
  44.  9
    History and Social Progress.Daniel R. Huebner - 2016 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 8 (2).
  45. Collective Values.Bryce Huebner & Marcus Hedhal - 2012 - In Brian Kaldis (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences. Sage publications.
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  46.  21
    Review of John Deigh, Emotions, Values, and the Law[REVIEW]Bryce Huebner - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (3).
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  47.  2
    List, Christian, and Pettit, Philip. Group Agency: The Possibility, Design, and Status of Corporate Agents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Pp. 240. $45.00. [REVIEW]Bryce Huebner - 2012 - Ethics 122 (3):608-612.
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  48.  6
    Moral Psychology and the Intuition That Pharmaceutical Companies Have a ‘Special’ Obligation to Society.James M. Huebner - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (3):501-510.
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  49.  6
    The End of Memory: Remembering Rightly in a Violent World – By Miroslav Volf.Chris K. Huebner - 2008 - Modern Theology 24 (3):513-516.
  50.  3
    Responses to Snakes by Surrogate- and Mother-Reared Squirrel Monkeys.Douglas K. Huebner, James L. Lentz, Marilyn J. Wooley & James E. King - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (1):33-36.
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