Results for 'João Emanuel Diogo'

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  1.  13
    [Recensão a] ANTUNES, JOÃO LOBO. A Nova Medicina. [REVIEW]João Emanuel Diogo - 2012 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 21 (42):663-665.
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  2.  1
    Epicuro: Tranquilidade da Prudência.João Emanuel Diogo - 2020 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 26 (52):281-290.
    Apresentamos as linhas gerais da teoria epicurista tentando dar consistência ao conceito de ataraxia como meio de encontrar quer o conhecimento, quer a felicidade, e como isso se reflecte na vida em comunidade.
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  3.  4
    Cartografia da humanidade: o corpo em Homero.João Emanuel Diogo - 2015 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 24 (48):355-366.
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  4. Linda L. Emanuel and Ezekiel J. Emanuel.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
  5.  2
    Espinosa. Ética. Tradução do latim, introdução e notas de Diogo Pires Aurélio (Lisboa: Relógio d’Água – Colecção Filosofia, 2020), 401 pp. ISBN: 9789896419561. [REVIEW]João Diogo R. P. G. Loureiro - 2020 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 29 (57):271-279.
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  6.  81
    The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics.Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Comprehensive in scope and research, this book will be a crucial resource for researchers in the medical sciences, as well as teachers and students alike.
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  7.  49
    Undue Inducement: Nonsense on Stilts?Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):9-13.
    1. The opinions expressed are the author's own. They do not reflect any position or policy of the National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, or any of the authors affiliated organizations.
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  8.  61
    Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research.Jennifer S. Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2008 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton Univ Pr.
    This book was inspired originally by the debates at the turn of the century about placebo controlled trials of antiretrovirals in HIV positive pregnant women in developing countries. Moving forward from this one limited example, the book includes several additional controversial cases of clinical research conducted in developing countries, and asks probing philosophical questions about the ethics of such trials. All clinical research by its very nature uses people to acquire generalizable knowledge to help future people. But what sorts of (...)
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  9. The Quality of Informed Consent: Mapping the Landscape. A Review of Empirical Data From Developing and Developed Countries.A. Mandava, C. Pace, B. Campbell, E. Emanuel & C. Grady - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):356-365.
    Objective Some researchers claim that the quality of informed consent of clinical research participants in developing countries is worse than in developed countries. To evaluate this assumption, we reviewed the available data on the quality of consent in both settings. Methods We conducted a comprehensive PubMed search, examined bibliographies and literature reviews, and consulted with international experts on informed consent in order to identify studies published from 1966 to 2010 that used quantitative methods, surveyed participants or parents of paediatric participants (...)
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  10.  45
    Ending Concerns About Undue Inducement.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):100-105.
  11. Philosophical Justifications of Informed Consent in Research.D. Brock, E. J. Emanuel, C. Grady, R. Lie, F. Miller & D. Wendler - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  12.  35
    Science and Technology in the European Periphery: Some Historiographical Reflections.Kostas Gavroglu, Manolis Patiniotis, Faidra Papanelopoulou, Ana Simões, Ana Carneiro, Maria Paula Diogo, José Ramón Bertomeu Sánchez, Antonio García Belmar & Agustí Nieto-Galan - 2008 - History of Science 46 (2):153-176.
  13.  29
    An Ethical Framework for Biomedical Research.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, David Wendler & C. Grady - 2008 - In The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 123--135.
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  14. Empirical Issues in Informed Consent for Research.James Flory, David Wendler & Ezekiel Emanuel - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 645--60.
     
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  15. The Current State of Medical School Education in Bioethics, Health Law, and Health Economics.Govind C. Persad, Linden Elder, Laura Sedig, Leonardo Flores & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (1):89-94.
    Current challenges in medical practice, research, and administration demand physicians who are familiar with bioethics, health law, and health economics. Curriculum directors at American Association of Medical Colleges-affiliated medical schools were sent confidential surveys requesting the number of required hours of the above subjects and the years in which they were taught, as well as instructor names. The number of relevant publications since 1990 for each named instructor was assessed by a PubMed search.In sum, teaching in all three subjects combined (...)
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  16.  28
    Protecting Communities in Biomedical Research.Charles Weijer & E. J. Emanuel - unknown
    Although for the last 50 years, ethicists dealing with human experimentation have focused primarily on the need to protect individual research subjects and vulnerable groups, biomedical research, especially in genetics, now requires the establishment of standards for the protection of communities. We have developed such a strategy, based on five steps. (i) Identification of community characteristics relevant to the biomedical research setting, (ii) delineation of a typology of different types of communities using these characteristics, (iii) determination of the range of (...)
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  17. Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research: Readings and Commentary.Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) - 2003 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    All investigators funded by the National Institutes of Health are now required to receive training about the ethics of clinical research. Based on a course taught by the editors at NIH, Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research is the first book designed to help investigators meet this new requirement. The book begins with the history of human subjects research and guidelines instituted since World War II. It then covers various stages and components of the clinical trial process: designing the (...)
     
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  18.  24
    Money and Distorted Ethical Judgments About Research: Ethical Assessment of the TeGenero TGN1412 Trial. [REVIEW]Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Franklin G. Miller - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):76-81.
    The recent TeGenero phase I trial of a novel monoclonal antibody in healthy volunteers produced a drastic inflammatory reaction in participants receiving the experimental agent. Commentators on the ethics of the research have focused considerable attention on the role of financial considerations: the for-profit status of the biotechnology company and Contract Research Organization responsible respectively for sponsoring and conducting the trial and the amount of monetary compensation to participants. We argue that these financial considerations are largely irrelevant and distort ethical (...)
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  19. The Moral Duty to Buy Health Insurance.Tina Rulli, Ezekiel Emanuel & David Wendler - 2012 - Journal of the American Medical Association 308 (2):137-138.
    The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was designed to increase health insurance coverage in the United States. Its most controversial feature is the requirement that US residents purchase health insurance. Opponents of the mandate argue that requiring people to contribute to the collective good is inconsistent with respect for individual liberty. Rather than appeal to the collective good, this Viewpoint argues for a duty to buy health insurance based on the moral duty individuals have to reduce certain burdens (...)
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  20.  20
    Comprehension and Informed Consent: Assessing the Effect of a Short Consent Form.Leanne Stunkel, Meredith Benson, Louise McLellan, Ninet Sinaii, Gabriella Bedarida, Ezekiel Emanuel & Christine Grady - 2010 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (4):1.
    The objective of this study—a substudy to a phase I bioequivalence study—was to compare the effect of standard and concise consent forms on research volunteers’ comprehension of and satisfaction with consent forms, as well as to assess the effect of select volunteer characteristics, such as financial motivations to participate in research, on their comprehension. A 36-item questionnaire measured volunteers’ comprehension, satisfaction, and motivations for participation. Volunteers were randomized to the standard Pfizer consent form or a concise, easier-to-read form. We approached (...)
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  21. What is the Great Benefit of Legalizing Euthanasia or Physican‐Assisted Suicide?Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 1999 - Ethics 109 (3):629-642.
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  22.  22
    Research on Stored Biological Samples: The Views of Ugandans.David Wendler, Christine Pace, Ambrose O. Talisuna, Faustine Maiso, Christine Grady & Ezekiel Emanuel - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (2).
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  23.  39
    The Ends of Human Life: Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 1991 - Harvard University Press.
    INTRODUCTION The Questions of Medical Ethics Call him Andrew. His face is gaunt and unshaven but peaceful. His eyelids are gently closed. ...
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  24.  34
    Refocusing the Responsiveness Requirement.Seema Shah, Rebecca Wolitz & Ezekiel Emanuel - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):151-159.
    Many guidelines for international research require that studies be responsive to host community health needs or health priorities. Although responsiveness possesses great intuitive and rhetorical appeal, existing conceptions are confusing and difficult to apply. Not only are there few examples of what research the responsiveness requirement permits and what it rejects, but its application can lead to contradictory results. Because of the practical difficulties in applying responsiveness and the danger that misapplying responsiveness could harm the interests of developing countries, we (...)
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  25.  85
    Clarifying Confusions About Coercion.Jennifer Susan Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (5):16-19.
    Commentators often claim that medical research subjects are coerced into participating in clinical studies. In recent years, such claims have appeared especially frequently in ethical discussions of research in developing countries. Medical research ethics is more important than ever as we move into the 21st century because worldwide the pharmaceutical industry has grown so much and shows no sign of slowing its growth. This means that more people are involved in medical research today than ever before, and in the future (...)
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  26.  31
    Protecting Communities in Research: Current Guidelines and Limits of Extrapolation.Charles Weijer, Gary Goldsand & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - unknown
    As genetic research increasingly focuses on communities, there have been calls for extending research protections to them. We critically examine guidelines developed to protect aboriginal communities and consider their applicability to other communities. These guidelines are based on a model of researcher-community partnership and span the phases of a research project, from protocol development to publication. The complete list of 23 protections may apply to those few non-aboriginal communities, such as the Amish, that are highly cohesive. Although some protections may (...)
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  27. Standing by Our Principles: Meaningful Guidance, Moral Foundations, and Multi-Principle Methodology in Medical Scarcity.Govind C. Persad, Alan Wertheimer & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):46 – 48.
    In this short response to Kerstein and Bognar, we clarify three aspects of the complete lives system, which we propose as a system of allocating scarce medical interventions. We argue that the complete lives system provides meaningful guidance even though it does not provide an algorithm. We also defend the investment modification to the complete lives system, which prioritizes adolescents and older children over younger children; argue that sickest-first allocation remains flawed when scarcity is absolute and ongoing; and argue that (...)
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  28.  89
    The Problem with Single-Payer Plans.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (1):38-41.
  29.  28
    Justice and Managed Care: Four Principles for the Just Allocation of Health Care Resources.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (3):8-16.
    The debate about justice and health care has occurred largely at a remove from the institutions it concerns; it has been about our most general moral principles, and about what things we value. This debate has foundered. But if the debate is turned in another direction, toward some moral principles that are widely accepted within those institutions, and toward principles that have to do with control over allocation decisions rather than with actually how to make those decisions, agreement may be (...)
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  30. The Concept of Conflicts of Interest.Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Dennis F. Thompson - 2008 - In The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 758--766.
     
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  31.  89
    Improving Access to Health Care: A Consensus Ethical Framework to Guide Proposals for Reform.Mark A. Levine, Matthew K. Wynia, Paul M. Schyve, J. Russell Teagarden, David A. Fleming, Sharon King Donohue, Ron J. Anderson, James Sabin & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (5):14-19.
  32.  15
    Ethics and the Structures of Healthcare.Linda L. Emanuel - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (2):151-168.
    Suppose a meeting had been called among chief medical officers, chief administrative officers, and other leaders from a range of health-related institutions in this country. The question posed for this meeting was simple but unusual: Arethestructuresofourorganizations,systems,andinstitutionsethical? Though it was a question reminiscent for a few of the focus some time before on whether the conduct of individuals in their organization was ethical, this question seemed more demanding. Is it reasonable to consider structures or arrangements as ethical or not; or in (...)
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  33. 10. Uma Narayan, Dislocating Cultures: Identities, Traditions, and Third World Feminism Uma Narayan, Dislocating Cultures: Identities, Traditions, and Third World Feminism (Pp. 668-671). [REVIEW]Judith Jarvis Thomson, Dan W. Brock, Paul J. Weithman, Gerald Dworkin, F. M. Kamm, J. David Velleman & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 1999 - Ethics 109 (3).
  34.  18
    The Quality of Informed Consent in a Clinical Research Study in Thailand.Christine Pace, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Theshinee Chuenyam, Chris Duncombe, Judith D. Bebchuk, David Wendler, Jorge A. Tavel, Laura A. McNay, Praphan Phanuphak & Heidi P. Forster - 2004 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (1):9-17.
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  35.  11
    Halley Turns Republican: How the Portuguese Press Presented the 1910 Return of Halley's Comet.Ana Simoes, Isabel Zilhao, Maria Paula Diogo & Ana Carneiro - 2013 - History of Science 51 (2):199-220.
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  36.  15
    Reexamining Death The Asymptotic Model and a Bounded Zone Definition.Linda L. Emanuel - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (4):27-35.
  37.  31
    Research Benefits for Hypothetical HIV Vaccine Trials: The Views of Ugandans in the Rakai District.Christine Grady, Jennifer Wagman, Robert Ssekubugu, Maria J. Wawer, David Serwadda, Mohammed Kiddugavu, Fred Nalugoda, Ronald H. Gray, David Wendler, Qian Dong, Dennis O. Dixon, Bryan Townsend, Elizabeth Wahl & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2008 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 30 (2):1.
    Controversy persists over the ethics of compensating research participants and providing posttrial benefits to communities in developing countries. Little is known about residents' views on these subjects. In this study, interviews about compensation and posttrial benefits from a hypothetical HIV vaccine trial were conducted in Uganda’s Rakai District. Most respondents said researchers owed the community posttrial benefits and research compensation, but opinions differed as to what these should be. Debates about posttrial benefits and compensation rarely include residents' views like these, (...)
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  38.  66
    Tiers Without Tears: The Ethics of a Two-Tiered Health Care System.Benjamin J. Krohmal & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2009 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
    American health care reformers face a number of ethical issues, including familiar debates over the merits of a single-payer system and publicly provided universal health insurance. No matter how these debates are resolved, a further ethical question must be addressed. Both universal coverage and a single-payer system are compatible with permitting some patients to pay more for faster, better, or more health care choices. Should the United States continue to have a two-tier health care system in which wealth grants some (...)
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  39.  45
    What Are Bioethicists.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (2).
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  40.  12
    Informed Consent: Practices and Views of Investigators in a Multinational Clinical Trial.Lindsay Sabik, Christine A. Pace, Heidi P. Forster-Gertner, David Wendler, Judith D. Bebchuk, Jorge A. Tavel, Laura A. McNay, Jack Killen, Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Christine Grady - 2004 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (5):13-18.
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  41.  22
    Protecting Communities in Research: From a New Principle to Rational Protections.Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Charles Weijer - unknown
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  42.  26
    Conserving Scarce Resources: Willingness of Health Insurance Enrollees to Choose Cheaper Options.Samia A. Hurst, J. Russell Teagarden, Elizabeth Garrett & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (3):496-499.
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  43.  15
    Evolutionary Convergences and Parallelisms: &Their Theoretical Differences and the Difficulty &of Discriminating Them in a Practical &Phylogenetic Context. [REVIEW]Rui Diogo - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):735-744.
    The importance of evolutionary parallelisms and their differences from evolutionary convergences have been historically underappreciated, as recently noticed in Gould's last book `The structure of evolutionary history'. In that book, Gould make an effort to distinguish and to reinterpret these concepts in the light of the new discoveries of the last decades on developmental biology and genetics, presenting the elegant metaphor of `Pharaonic bricks versus Corinthian columns'. In this paper I will briefly discuss these concepts, and will argue that, despite (...)
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  44.  5
    PSDA in the Clinic.Linda Emanuel - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (5):6-7.
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  45.  8
    Medical Ethics in the Era of Managed Care: The Need for Institutional Structures Instead of Principles for Individual Cases.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 1995 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (4):335.
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  46.  22
    The Portuguese Naturalist Correia da Serra (1751-1823) and His Impact on Early Nineteenth-Century Botany.Maria Paula Diogo, Ana Carneiro & Ana Simões - 2001 - Journal of the History of Biology 34 (2):353 - 393.
    This paper focuses on the contributions to natural history, particularly in methods of plant classification of the Portuguese botanist, man of letters, diplomat, and Freemason Abbé José Correia da Serra (1751-1823), placing them in their national and international political and social contexts. Correia da Serra adopted the natural method of classification championed by the Frenchman Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu, and introduced refinements of his own that owe much to parallel developments in zoology. He endorsed the view that the classification of plants (...)
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  47.  43
    Living Wills: Past, Present, and Future.Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Linda L. Emanuel - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 1 (1):9.
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  48.  13
    The Beinning of the End of Principlism.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (4):37-38.
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  49.  7
    Deriving Professionalism From its Roots.Linda L. Emanuel - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):17 – 18.
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  50.  15
    A Communal Vision of Care for Incompetent Patients.Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (5):15-20.
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