Results for 'Ashley Shaw'

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  1. Desire and Satisfaction.Ashley Shaw - 2020 - Philosophical Quarterly 71 (4):pqz071.
    Desire satisfaction has not received detailed philosophical examination. Yet intuitive judgments about the satisfaction of desires have been used as data points guiding theories of desire, desire content, and the semantics of ‘desire’. This paper examines desire satisfaction and the standard propositional view of desire. Firstly, I argue that there are several distinct concepts of satisfaction. Secondly, I argue that separating them defuses a difficulty for the standard view in accommodating desires that Derek Parfit described as ‘implicitly conditional on their (...)
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  2.  25
    The Necessity of 'Need'.Ashley Shaw - forthcoming - Ethics.
    Many philosophers have suggested that claims of need play a special normative role in ethical thought and talk. But what do such claims mean? What does this special role amount to? Progress on these questions can be made by attending to a puzzle concerning some linguistic differences between two types of 'need' sentence: one where 'need' occurs as a verb, and where it occurs as a noun. I argue that the resources developed to solve the puzzle advance our understanding of (...)
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  3. Do Affective Desires Provide Reasons for Action?Ashley Shaw - 2021 - Ratio 34 (2):1-11.
    This paper evaluates the claim that some desires provide reasons in virtue of their connection with conscious affective experiences like feelings of attraction or aversion. I clarify the nature of affective desires and several distinct ways in which affective desires might provide reasons. Against accounts proposed by Ruth Chang, Declan Smithies and Jeremy Weiss, I motivate doubts that it is the phenomenology of affective experiences that explains their normative or rational significance. I outline an alternative approach that centralises the function (...)
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  4. Desire and What It’s Rational to Do.Ashley Shaw - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):761-775.
    It is often taken for granted that our desires can contribute to what it is rational for us to do. This paper examines an account of desire—the ‘guise of the good’— that promises an explanation of this datum. I argue that extant guise-of-the-good accounts fail to provide an adequate explanation of how a class of desires—basic desires—contributes to practical rationality. I develop an alternative guise-of-the-good account on which basic desires attune us to our reasons for action in virtue of their (...)
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  5.  21
    Focus on Slurs.Poppy Mankowitz & Ashley Shaw - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    Slurring expressions display puzzling behaviour when embedded, such as under negation and in attitude and speech reports. They frequently appear to retain their characteristic qualities, like offensiveness and propensity to derogate. Yet it is sometimes possible to understand them as lacking these qualities. A theory of slurring expressions should explain this variability. We develop an explanation that deploys the linguistic notion of focus. Our proposal is that a speaker can conversationally implicate metalinguistic claims about the aptness of a focused slurring (...)
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  6.  28
    Analogy and Inference.William H. Shaw & L. R. Ashley - 1983 - Dialogue 22 (3):415-432.
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  7. The Two Sources of Morality and Religion. Translated by R. Ashley Audra and Cloudesley Brereton, with the Assistance of W. Horsfall Carter.Henri Bergson, Ruth Ashley Audra, William Horsfall Carter & Cloudesley Shovell Henry Brereton - 1935 - H. Holt.
  8. Ashley Montagu , "The Concept of the Primitive". [REVIEW]Benedict M. Ashley - 1968 - The Thomist 32 (4):589.
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  9. Novum Organum Scientiarum, Tr. By P. Shaw, with Notes.Francis Bacon & Peter Shaw - 1802
     
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  10. William James Ashley a Life.Annie Ashley & John H. Muirhead - 1932 - P. S. King.
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  11. Justice and the Fetus: Rawls, Children, and Abortion.David M. Shaw - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):93-101.
    In a footnote to the first edition of Political Liberalism, John Rawls introduced an example of how public reason could deal with controversial issues. He intended this example to show that his system of political liberalism could deal with such problems by considering only political values, without the introduction of comprehensive moral doctrines. Unfortunately, Rawls chose “the troubled question of abortion” as the issue that would illustrate this. In the case of abortion, Rawls argued, “the equality of women as equal (...)
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  12.  17
    Marxism and Intersectionality: Race, Gender, Class and Sexuality Under Contemporary Capitalism.Ashley J. Bohrer - 2019 - Transcript Verlag.
    Ashley J. Bohrer argues that it is only by considering race, gender, sexuality, and ability within the structures of capitalism and imperialism that we can understand power relations. Bohrer explains how the purported incompatibilities between Marxism and intersectionality arise more from miscommunication than a fundamental conceptual antagonism.
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  13. Instructor's Manual with Test Items for Shaw and Barry's Moral Issues in Business, Seventh Edition.Andrew Ward & William H. Shaw - 1998
     
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  14.  70
    Shaw on Chesterton's Ireland.George Bernard Shaw - 2003 - The Chesterton Review 29 (1/2):211-216.
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  15. Improvisation and the Self-Organization of Multiple Musical Bodies.Ashley E. Walton, Michael J. Richardson, Peter Langland-Hassan & Anthony Chemero - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:1-9.
  16.  9
    When and Why People Evaluate Negative Reciprocity as More Fair Than Positive Reciprocity.Alex Shaw, Anam Barakzai & Boaz Keysar - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (8).
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  17.  88
    Making Sense of Powerful Qualities.Ashley Coates - 2020 - Synthese 198 (9):8347-8363.
    According to the powerful qualities view, properties are both powerful and qualitative. Indeed, on this view the powerfulness of a property is identical to its qualitativity. Proponents claim that this view provides an attractive alternative to both the view that properties are pure powers and the view that they are pure qualities. It remains unclear, however, whether the claimed identity between powerfulness and qualitativity can be made coherent in a way that allows the powerful qualities view to constitute this sort (...)
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  18.  18
    Chris Shaw on Ethical Issues in Biotechnology. Interview by Thomasine Kushner.C. Shaw - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):97-101.
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  19.  48
    The Ashley Treatment: Improving Quality of Life or Infringing Dignity and Rights?Caroline Harnacke - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (3):141-150.
    The ‘Ashley treatment’ has raised much ethical controversy. This article starts from the observation that this debate suffers from a lack of careful philosophical analysis which is essential for an ethical assessment. I focus on two central arguments in the debate, namely an argument defending the treatment based on quality of life and an argument against the treatment based on dignity and rights. My analysis raises doubts as to whether these arguments, as they stand in the debate, are philosophically (...)
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  20. Beit Professorship of Colonial History in the University of Oxford Statement of W.J. Ashley and Accompanying Letters.W. J. Ashley - 1905 - [S.N.].
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  21. The Ashley Treatment: Best Interests, Convenience, and Parental Decision Making.S. Matthew Liao, Julian Savulescu & Mark Sheehan - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):16-20.
    The story of Ashley, a nine-year-old from Seattle, has caused a good deal of controversy since it appeared in the Los Angeles Times on January 3, 2007.1 Ashley was born with a condition called static encephalopathy, a severe brain impairment that leaves her unable to walk, talk, eat, sit up, or roll over. According to her doctors, Ashley has reached, and will remain at, the developmental level of a three-month-old.
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  22.  41
    Creating Time: Social Collaboration in Music Improvisation.Ashley E. Walton, Auriel Washburn, Peter Langland-Hassan, Anthony Chemero, Heidi Kloos & Michael J. Richardson - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):95-119.
    Musical collaboration emerges from the complex interaction of environmental and informational constraints, including those of the instruments and the performance context. Music improvisation in particular is more like everyday interaction in that dynamics emerge spontaneously without a rehearsed score or script. We examined how the structure of the musical context affords and shapes interactions between improvising musicians. Six pairs of professional piano players improvised with two different backing tracks while we recorded both the music produced and the movements of their (...)
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  23.  92
    Unmanifested Powers and Universals.Ashley Coates - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-22.
    According to a well-known argument against dispositional essentialism, the nature of unmanifested token powers leaves dispositional essentialists with an objectionable commitment to the reality of non-existent entities. The idea is that, because unmanifested token powers are directed at their non-existent token manifestations, they require the reality of those manifestations. Arguably the most promising response to this argument works by claiming that, if properties are universals, dispositional directedness need only entail the reality of actually existing manifestation types. I argue that this (...)
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  24.  52
    Tropes, Unmanifested Dispositions and Powerful Qualities.Ashley Coates - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (5):2143-2160.
    According to a well-known argument, originally due to David Armstrong, powers theory is objectionable, as it leads to a ‘Meinongian’ ontology on which some entities are real but do not actually exist. I argue here that the right conclusion to draw from this argument has thus far not been identified and that doing so has significant implications for powers theory. Specifically, I argue that the key consequence of the argument is that it provides substantial grounds for trope powers theorists, but (...)
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  25. Fragmens Extraits des Œvres du Chanselier Bacon, Éd Angl. De P. Shaw, Tr. Par M. Du Moulin.Francis Bacon, Madeleine Thérèse Dumoulin & Peter Shaw - 1765
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  26.  15
    Do Preverbal Infants Understand Discrete Facial Expressions of Emotion?Ashley L. Ruba & Betty M. Repacholi - 2019 - Emotion Review 12 (4):235-250.
    An ongoing debate in affective science concerns whether certain discrete, “basic” emotions have evolutionarily based signals that are easily, universally, and innatel...
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  27.  62
    A Non Representationalist View of Model Explanation.Ashley Graham Kennedy - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):326-332.
  28.  18
    How Language Is Embodied in Bilinguals and Children with Specific Language Impairment.Ashley M. Adams - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  29. Essence and the Inference Problem.Ashley Coates - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):915-931.
    Discussions about the nature of essence and about the inference problem for non-Humean theories of nomic modality have largely proceeded independently of each other. In this article I argue that the right conclusions to draw about the inference problem actually depend significantly on how best to understand the nature of essence. In particular, I argue that this conclusion holds for the version of the inference problem developed and defended by Alexander Bird. I argue that Bird’s own argument that this problem (...)
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  30.  5
    Societal Sentience: Constructions of the Public in Animal Research Policy and Practice.Ashley Davies & Pru Hobson-West - 2018 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 43 (4):671-693.
    The use of nonhuman animals as models in research and drug testing is a key route through which contemporary scientific knowledge is certified. Given ethical concerns, regulation of animal research promotes the use of less “sentient” animals. This paper draws on a documentary analysis of legal documents and qualitative interviews with Named Veterinary Surgeons and others at a commercial laboratory in the UK. Its key claim is that the concept of animal sentience is entangled with a particular imaginary of how (...)
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  31.  26
    Sex Differences in the Ability to Recognise Non-Verbal Displays of Emotion: A Meta-Analysis.Ashley E. Thompson & Daniel Voyer - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (7):1164-1195.
  32. Ecological Laws of Perceiving and Acting: In Reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn.Michael T. Turvey, R. E. Shaw, Edward S. Reed & William M. Mace - 1981 - Cognition 9 (3):237-304.
  33.  25
    A Predictive Coding Perspective on Beta Oscillations During Sentence-Level Language Comprehension.Ashley G. Lewis, Jan-Mathijs Schoffelen, Herbert Schriefers & Marcel Bastiaansen - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  34.  46
    Ashley Revisited: A Response to the Critics.Douglas S. Diekema & Norman Fost - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):30-44.
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  35.  24
    The Functional Role of Neural Oscillations in Non-Verbal Emotional Communication.Ashley E. Symons, Wael El-Deredy, Michael Schwartze & Sonja A. Kotz - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  36. Animal Constructions and Technological Knowledge.Ashley Shew - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    The idea that animals make things has entered into popular news and public understanding, but inclusion of animal artifacts within engineering and technology studies lags. This volume works to unite animal construction literature with concepts from epistemology of technology.
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  37.  50
    Solidarity: Obligations and Expressions.Ashley E. Taylor - 2015 - Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (2):128-145.
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  38.  17
    COVID-19, Moral Conflict, Distress, and Dying Alone.Lisa K. Anderson-Shaw & Fred A. Zar - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):777-782.
    COVID-19 has truly affected most of the world over the past many months, perhaps more than any other event in recent history. In the wake of this pandemic are patients, family members, and various types of care providers, all of whom share different levels of moral distress. Moral conflict occurs in disputes when individuals or groups have differences over, or are unable to translate to each other, deeply held beliefs, knowledge, and values. Such conflicts can seriously affect healthcare providers and (...)
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  39.  50
    Code, Nintendo’s Super Mario and Digital Legality.Ashley Pearson & Kieran Tranter - 2015 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (4):825-842.
    The rise of technology in controlling and performing legal processes has created a new digital legality, signalling a transformation of law from an analog paper-based interpretative activity to an autonomous system governed by the rigidity and speed of code. This emerging digital legality converts life and living to data to be processed and catalogued. This process is exemplified and normalised within video games making them important cultural artefacts through which to identify the features and anxieties of digital legality. While video (...)
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  40.  7
    Are People Sensitive to Problems in Communication?Ashley Micklos, Bradley Walker & Nicolas Fay - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (2).
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  41.  61
    The Ashley Treatment: A Step Too Far, or Not Far Enough?S. D. Edwards - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):341-343.
    This “current controversies” contribution describes the recent case of a severely disabled six year old girl who has been subjected to a range of medical interventions at the request of her parents and with the permission of a hospital clinical ethics committee. The interventions prescribed have become known as “the Ashley treatment” and involve the performance of invasive medical procedures (eg, hysterectomy) and oestrogen treatment. A central aim of the treatment is to restrict the growth of the child and (...)
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  42.  14
    Rhetorical Figures as Argument Schemes – The Proleptic Suite.Ashley Rose Mehlenbacher - 2017 - Argument and Computation 8 (3):233-252.
  43. Elements of a Theory of Human Problem Solving.Allen Newell, J. C. Shaw & Herbert A. Simon - 1958 - Psychological Review 65 (3):151-166.
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  44.  45
    Differential Diagnosis and the Suspension of Judgment.Ashley Kennedy - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (5):487-500.
    In this paper I argue that ethics and evidence are intricately intertwined within the clinical practice of differential diagnosis. Too often, when a disease is difficult to diagnose, a physician will dismiss it as being “not real” or “all in the patient’s head.” This is both an ethical and an evidential problem. In the paper my aim is two-fold. First, via the examination of two case studies (late-stage Lyme disease and Addison’s disease), I try to elucidate why this kind of (...)
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  45. Contemporary Philosophy and J.L. Shaw.Jaysankar Lal Shaw & Purusottama Bilimoria (eds.) - 2006 - Punthi Pustak.
    Commemorative volume on Jaysankar Lal Shaw, b. 1939, Indian philosopher.
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  46. Intentions and Trolleys.Joseph Shaw - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (222):63 - 83.
    The series of 'trolley' examples issue a challenge to moral principles based on intentions, since it seems that these give the wrong answers in two important cases: 'Fat Man', where they seem to say that it is permissible to push someone in front of a trolley to save others, and 'Loop', where they seem to say that it is wrong to divert a trolley towards a single person whose body will stop it and save others. I reply, first, that there (...)
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  47.  46
    Toward a Decolonial Feminist Anticapitalism: María Lugones, Sylvia Wynter, and Sayak Valencia.Ashley J. Bohrer - 2020 - Hypatia 35 (3):524-541.
    This article traces the centrality of capitalism in the work of three decolonial feminists: María Lugones, Sylvia Wynter, and Sayek Valencia. Elaborating on the role of capitalism in each of their work separately, I argue that each of these thinkers conceptualizes capitalism in a novel and urgent way, charting new directions for both theory and social movement practice. I thus argue that the decolonial feminist tradition holds crucial philosophical and historical resources for understanding the emergence of capitalism and its endurance.
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  48. Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality.William H. Shaw - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1074-1077.
  49.  1
    Risk Compensation During COVID-19: The Impact of Face Mask Usage on Social Distancing.Ashley Luckman, Hossam Zeitoun, Andrea Isoni, Graham Loomes, Ivo Vlaev, Nattavudh Powdthavee & Daniel Read - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 27 (4):722-738.
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  50.  9
    Diagnostic Justice: Testing for Covid-19.Ashley Graham Kennedy & Bryan Cwik - 2021 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 17 (2):(SI2)5-25.
    Diagnostic testing can be used for many purposes, including testing to facilitate the clinical care of individual patients, testing as an inclusion criterion for clinical trial participation, and both passive and active surveillance testing of the general population in order to facilitate public health outcomes, such as the containment or mitigation of an infectious disease. As such, diagnostic testing presents us with ethical questions that are, in part, already addressed in the literature on clinical care as well as clinical research (...)
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