Results for 'Bonnie Webber'

694 found
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  1.  64
    D-LTAG System: Discourse Parsing with a Lexicalized Tree-Adjoining Grammar. [REVIEW]Katherine Forbes, Eleni Miltsakaki, Rashmi Prasad, Anoop Sarkar, Aravind Joshi & Bonnie Webber - 2003 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (3):261-279.
    We present an implementation of a discourse parsing system for alexicalized Tree-Adjoining Grammar for discourse, specifying the integrationof sentence and discourse level processing. Our system is based on theassumption that the compositional aspects of semantics at thediscourse level parallel those at the sentence level. This coupling isachieved by factoring away inferential semantics and anaphoric features ofdiscourse connectives. Computationally, this parallelism is achievedbecause both the sentence and discourse grammar are LTAG-based and the sameparser works at both levels. The approach to an (...)
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  2. Anaphora and Discourse Structure.Bonnie Webber - manuscript
    We argue in this article that many common adverbial phrases generally taken to signal a discourse relation between syntactically connected units within discourse structure instead work anaphor- ically to contribute relational meaning, with only indirect dependence on discourse structure. This allows a simpler discourse structure to provide scaffolding for compositional semantics and reveals multiple ways in which the relational meaning conveyed by adverbial connectives can interact with that associated with discourse structure. We conclude by sketching out a lexicalized grammar for (...)
     
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  3.  20
    Textual Economy Through Close Coupling of Syntax and Semantics.Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber - unknown
    We focus on the production of efficient descriptions of objects, actions and events. We define a type of efficiency, textual economy, that exploits the hearer’s recognition of inferential links to material elsewhere within a sentence. Textual economy leads to efficient descriptions because the material that supports such inferences has been included to satisfy independent communicative goals, and is therefore overloaded in the sense of Pollack [18]. We argue that achieving textual economy imposes strong requirements on the representation and reasoning used (...)
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  4. Elements of Discourse Understanding.Aravind K. Joshi, Bonnie L. Webber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.) - 1981 - Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  5.  10
    D‐LTAG: Extending Lexicalized TAG to Discourse.Bonnie Webber - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (5):751-779.
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  6.  14
    Towards the Use of Automated Reasoning in Discourse Disambiguation.Claire Gardent & Bonnie Webber - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (4):487-509.
    In this paper, we claim that the disambiguation ofreferring expressions in discourse can be formulated in terms automatedreasoners can address. Specifically, we show that consistency,informativity and minimality are criteria which (i) can be implementedusing automated reasoning tools and (ii) can be used to disambiguatenoun-noun compounds, metonymy and definite descriptions.
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  7.  9
    On Deriving Aspectual Sense.Bonnie Lynn Webber - 1978 - Cognitive Science 2 (4):385-390.
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  8.  7
    Questions and Answers: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives.Raffaella Bernardi & Bonnie Webber - 2007 - Journal of Applied Logic 5 (1):1-2.
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  9.  16
    Accounting for Discourse Relations: Constituency and Dependency.Bonnie Webber - manuscript
  10.  5
    Answer Comparison in Automated Question Answering.Tiphaine Dalmas & Bonnie Webber - 2007 - Journal of Applied Logic 5 (1):104-120.
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  11. Discourse Model Synthesis: Preliminaries to Reference.Bonnie L. Webber - 1981 - In A. Joshi, Bruce H. Weber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.), Elements of Discourse Understanding. Cambridge University Press. pp. 283--299.
     
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  12.  9
    Meier The Political Art of Greek Tragedy. Tr. A. Webber. Oxford: Polity P, 1993. Pp. Vii + 238. £39.50.P. J. Wilson, C. Meier & A. Webber - 1995 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 115:187-188.
  13. The Existentialism of Jean-Paul Sartre.Jonathan Webber - 2008 - Routledge.
    Webber argues for a new interpretation of Sartrean existentialism. On this reading, Sartre is arguing that each person’s character consists in the projects they choose to pursue and that we are all already aware of this but prefer not to face it. Careful consideration of his existentialist writings shows this to be the unifying theme of his theories of consciousness, freedom, the self, bad faith, personal relationships, existential psychoanalysis, and the possibility of authenticity. Developing this account affords many insights (...)
  14.  39
    A Catholic Community Response to the 2009 Bushfires.Ruth Webber & Kate Jones - 2011 - The Australasian Catholic Record 88 (3):259.
    Webber, Ruth; Jones, Kate This paper is about how three Catholic agencies carved out and adapted over time a role for themselves in assisting in the recovery after the Victorian bushfires of 2009. It tracks the process from the time the Archbishop of Melbourne commissioned Catholic Social Services Victoria to survey the bushfire affected areas and work out where there were gaps in services that the Catholic agencies could fill. A significant amount of funding was allocated to the provision (...)
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  15.  19
    Rethinking Existentialism.Jonathan Webber - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Jonathan Webber articulates an original interpretation of existentialism as the ethical theory that human freedom is the foundation of all other values. Offering an original analysis of classic literary and philosophical works published by Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Frantz Fanon up until 1952, Webber's conception of existentialism is developed in critical contrast with central works by Albert Camus, Sigmund Freud, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. -/- Presenting his arguments in an accessible and engaging style, Webber contends that (...)
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  16. The Negotiable Constitution: On the Limitation of Rights.Grégoire C. N. Webber - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    In matters of rights, constitutions tend to avoid settling controversies. With few exceptions, rights are formulated in open-ended language, seeking consensus on an abstraction without purporting to resolve the many moral-political questions implicated by rights. The resulting view has been that rights extend everywhere but are everywhere infringed by legislation seeking to resolve the very moral-political questions the constitution seeks to avoid. The Negotiable Constitution challenges this view. Arguing that underspecified rights call for greater specification, Grégoire C. N. Webber (...)
     
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  17.  60
    Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain.James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
  18.  2
    Introduction.Jeffery R. Webber - 2019 - Historical Materialism 27 (3):77-82.
    This introduction situates the work of Zavaleta in the field of Bolivian intellectual history, Latin American Studies, and Latin American Marxism. It also explains the objectives of the symposium and the logic underlying its constituent parts.
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  19.  37
    Charting the Future.Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Mayris P. Webber & Deborah M. Swiderski - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (6):23-33.
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  20. Liar.Jonathan Webber - 2013 - Analysis 73 (4):651-659.
    We have good reason to condemn lying more strongly than misleading and to condemn bullshit assertion less harshly than lying but more harshly than misleading. We each have good reason to mislead rather than make bullshit assertions, but to make bullshit assertions rather than lie. This is because these forms of deception damage credibility in different ways. We can trust the misleader to assert only what they believe to be true. We can trust the bullshitter not to assert what they (...)
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  21. Virtue, Character and Situation.Jonathan Webber - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (2):193-213.
    Philosophers have recently argued that traditional discussions of virtue and character presuppose an account of behaviour that experimental psychology has shown to be false. Behaviour does not issue from global traits such as prudence, temperance, courage or fairness, they claim, but from local traits such as sailing-in-rough-weather-with-friends-courage and office-party-temperance. The data employed provides evidence for this view only if we understand it in the light of a behaviourist construal of traits in terms of stimulus and response, rather than in the (...)
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  22. Intentional Side-Effects of Action.Jonathan Webber & Robin Scaife - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (2):179-203.
    Recent empirical research into the folk classification of the outcomes of actions as intentional is usually taken to show that such classification has an irreducibly normative dimension. Various interpretations of the experimental data have in common the claim that whether the side-effect of an action counts as intentional depends on some normative valence of that side-effect.1 This is the way that Joshua Knobe, for example, whose experimental research started this debate, understands the data. Some critics of this view claim the (...)
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  23. Character, Attitude and Disposition.Jonathan Webber - unknown
    Recent debate over the empirical psychological presuppositions of virtue ethics has focused on reactive behavioural dispositions. But there are many character traits that cannot be understood properly in this way. Such traits are well described by attitude psychology. Moreover, the findings of attitude psychology support virtue ethics in three ways. First, they confirm the role of habituation in the development of character. Further, they show virtue ethics to be compatible with the situation manipulation experiments at the heart of the recent (...)
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  24. Character, Global and Local.Jonathan Webber - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (4):430-434.
    Philosophers have recently argued that we should revise our understanding of character. An individual's behaviour is governed not by a set of ‘global’ traits, each elicited by a certain kind of situational feature, they argue, but by a much larger array of ‘local’ traits, each elicited by a certain combination of situational features. But the data cited by these philosophers support their theory only if we conceive of traits purely in terms of stimulus and response, rather than in the more (...)
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  25. Character, Common-Sense, and Expertise.Jonathan Webber - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (1):89-104.
    Gilbert Harman has argued that the common-sense characterological psychology employed in virtue ethics is rooted not in unbiased observation of close acquaintances, but rather in the ‘fundamental attribution error’. If this is right, then philosophers cannot rely on their intuitions for insight into characterological psychology, and it might even be that there is no such thing as character. This supports the idea, urged by John Doris and Stephen Stich, that we should rely exclusively on experimental psychology for our explanations of (...)
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  26. Instilling Virtue.Jonathan Webber - 2016 - In Alberto Masala & Jonathan Webber (eds.), From Personality to Virtue. Oxford University Press. pp. 134-154.
    Two debates in contemporary philosophical moral psychology have so far been conducted almost entirely in isolation from one another despite their structural similarity. One is the debate over the importance for virtue ethics of the results of situational manipulation experiments in social psychology. The other is the debate over the ethical implications of experiments that reveal gender and race biases in social cognition. In both cases, the ethical problem posed cannot be identified without first clarifying the cognitive structures underlying the (...)
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  27.  21
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project: Preliminary Notes From a Pilot Project to Establish Quality Measures for Ethics Consultation. [REVIEW]Deborah M. Swiderski, Katharine M. Ettinger, Mayris Webber & Nancy N. Dubler - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):65-72.
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project (CECP) was intiated in 2007 in response to the lack of uniform standards for both the training of clinical ethics consultants, and for evaluating their work as consultants. CECP participants, all practicing clinical ethics consultants, met monthly to apply a standard evaluation instrument, the QI tool , to their consultation notes. This paper describes, from a qualitative perspective, how participants grappled with applying standards to their work. Although the process was marked by resistance and disagreement, (...)
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  28.  38
    Being and Nothingness: An Essay in Phenomenological Ontology, by Jean-Paul Sartre, Translated by Sarah Richmond. [REVIEW]Jonathan Webber - forthcoming - Mind.
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  29.  84
    Character, Consistency, and Classification.Jonathan Webber - unknown
    John Doris has recently argued that since we do not possess character traits as traditionally conceived, virtue ethics is rooted in a false empirical presupposition. Gopal Sreenivasan has claimed, in a paper in Mind, that Doris has not provided suitable evidence for his empirical claim. But the experiment Sreenivasan focuses on is not one that Doris employs, and neither is it relevantly similar in structure. The confusion arises because both authors use the phrase ‘cross-situational consistency’ to describe the aspect of (...)
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  30.  35
    Legal Authority to Preserve Organs in Cases of Uncontrolled Cardiac Death: Preserving Family Choice.Richard J. Bonnie, Stephanie Wright & Kelly K. Dineen - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):741-751.
    The gap between the number of organs available for transplant and the number of individuals who need transplanted organs continues to increase. At the same time, thousands of transplantable organs are needlessly overlooked every year for the single reason that they come from individuals who were declared dead according to cardio pulmonary criteria. Expanding the donor population to individuals who die uncontrolled cardiac deaths will reduce this disparity, but only if organ preservation efforts are utilized. Concern about potential legal liability (...)
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  31. Doing Without Representation: Coping with Dreyfus.Jonathan Webber - 2002 - Philosophical Explorations 5 (1):82-88.
    Hubert Dreyfus argues that the traditional and currently dominant conception of an action, as an event initiated or governed by a mental representation of a possible state of affairs that the agent is trying to realise, is inadequate. If Dreyfus is right, then we need a new conception of action. I argue, however, that the considerations that Dreyfus adduces show only that an action need not be initiated or governed by a conceptual representation, but since a representation need not be (...)
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  32.  5
    Asking Why in the Study of Human Affairs.G. Webber - 2015 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 60 (1):51-78.
  33. Sex.Jonathan Webber - unknown
    The sexual domain is unified only by the phenomenal quality of the occurrence of the desires, activities, and pleasures it includes. There is no conceptual restriction on the range of intentional objects those desires, activities, and pleasures can take. Neither is there good conceptual reason to privilege any class of them as paradigmatic. Since the quality unifying the sexual is not morally significant, the morality of sexuality is no different from morality in general. The view that participant consent is morally (...)
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  34.  32
    Sartre’s Critique of Husserl.Jonathan Webber - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-22.
    This paper articulates a new understanding of Sartre’s philosophical methodology in his early publications up to and including Being and Nothingness. Through his critique of Husserl across these works, Sartre develops an original and sophisticated variety of transcendental phenomenology. He was attracted to Husserl’s philosophy for its promise to establish the foundations of empirical psychology but ultimately concluded that it could not fulfil this promise. Through the analyses that led him to this conclusion, Sartre formulated a new kind of phenomenological (...)
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  35. Automaticity in Virtuous Action.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2014 - In Nancy E. Snow & Franco V. Trivigno (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Character and Happiness. Routledge. pp. 75-90.
    Automaticity is rapid and effortless cognition that operates without conscious awareness or deliberative control. An action is virtuous to the degree that it meets the requirements of the ethical virtues in the circumstances. What contribution does automaticity make to the ethical virtue of an action? How far is the automaticity discussed by virtue ethicists consonant with, or even supported by, the findings of empirical psychology? We argue that the automaticity of virtuous action is automaticity not of skill, but of motivation. (...)
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  36.  90
    Sartre's Theory of Character.Jonathan Webber - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):94-116.
    Various influential ethical theories propose that we should strive to develop morally sound character traits, either because good actions are those that issue from good character traits, or because good traits are those that generally incline us toward actions that are good for some independent reason such as the intentions with which they are performed or the consequences of performing them. This proposal obviously raises questions about the nature and origins of character traits, and our degree of control over them. (...)
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  37. Constancy, Fidelity, and Integrity.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2013 - In Stan van Hooft (ed.). Acumen Publishing. pp. 399-408.
  38.  11
    Legal Authority to Preserve Organs in Cases of Uncontrolled Cardiac Death: Preserving Family Choice.Richard J. Bonnie, Stephanie Wright & Kelly K. Dineen - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):741-751.
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  39.  23
    The Indigenous Community as “Living Organism”: José Carlos Mariátegui, Romantic Marxism, and Extractive Capitalism in the Andes.Jeffery R. Webber - 2015 - Theory and Society 44 (6):575-598.
  40.  91
    Habituation and First-Person Authority.Jonathan Webber - 2016 - In Roman Altshuler & Michael Sigrist (eds.), Time and the Philosophy of Action. Routledge.
    Richard Moran’s theory of first-person authority as the agential authority to make up one’s own mind rests on a form of mind-body dualism that does not allow for habituation as part of normal psychological functioning. We have good intuitive and empirical reason to accept that habituation is central to the normal functioning of desire. There is some empirical support for the idea that habituation plays a parallel role in belief. In particular, at least one form of implicit bias seems better (...)
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  41.  61
    Knowing One's Own Desires.Jonathan Webber - 2016 - In Daniel Dahlstrom, Andreas Elpidorou & Walter Hopp (eds.), Philosophy of Mind and Phenomenology: Conceptual and Empirical Approaches. Routledge. pp. 165-179.
    Do you know your own desires in some way that other people cannot know them? Richard Moran claims that his influential theory of first-person authority over beliefs and intentions can also cover desires. However, his deliberative model can apply to desire only if one already has some other way of knowing one’s own desires. Jean-Paul Sartre’s conception of pure reflection, on the other hand, portrays a direct epistemic access to one’s own desires that can ground fundamental first-person authority over desires (...)
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  42. The Faculty and the National Working Group for the Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project (2009). Charting the Future: Credentialing, Privileging, Quality, and Evaluation in Clinical Ethics Consultation.N. N. Dubler, M. P. Webber & D. M. Swiderski - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (6):23-33.
  43.  14
    Being and Nothingness: An Essay in Phenomenological Ontology, by Jean-Paul Sartre.Jonathan Webber - forthcoming - Mind:fzz024.
    Being and Nothingness: An Essay in Phenomenological Ontology, by SartreJean-Paul, translated by RichmondSarah. Abingdon: Routledge, 2018. Pp. xlvii + 848.
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  44.  9
    The Long Brazilian Crisis: A Forum.Juan Grigera, Jeffery R. Webber, Ludmila Abilio, Ricardo Antunes, Marcelo Badaró Mattos, Sabrina Fernandes, Ricardo Nunes, Leda Paulani & Sean Purdy - forthcoming - Historical Materialism:1-63.
    The coming to office of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil has brought to the fore the need to understand the rise of the far right and to come to terms with the conflicted legacies of more than a decade of rule under the Workers’ Party. This forum brings together six leading intellectuals from different traditions on the left and introduces their reflections on the contradictions and complexities of the Workers’ Party, the 2008 crisis, the June 2013 protests, the weakness of the (...)
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  45.  5
    Closing the Organ Gap: A Reciprocity-Based Social Contract Approach.Gil Siegal & Richard J. Bonnie - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):415-423.
  46.  19
    What Is a Political Constitution?Graham Gee & Grégoire C. N. Webber - 2010 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 30 (2):273-299.
    The question—what is a political constitution?—might seem, at first blush, fairly innocuous. At one level, the idea of a political constitution seems fairly well settled, at least insofar as most political constitutionalists subscribe to a similar set of commitments, arguments and assumptions. At a second, more reflective level, however, there remains some doubt whether a political constitution purports to be a descriptive or normative account of a real world constitution, such as Britain’s. By exploring the idea of a political constitution (...)
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  47.  68
    A Law Unto Oneself.Jonathan Webber - unknown
    We should understand the concept of self-legislation that is central to Kant's moral philosophy not in terms of the enactment of statute, but in terms of the way in which judges make law, by setting down and refining precedent through particular judgements. This paper presents a descriptive model of agency based on self-legislation so understood, and argues that we can read Kant's normative ethics as based on this view of agency. It is intended to contribute to contemporary debates in moral (...)
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  48.  23
    Rebellion to Reform in Bolivia. Part III: Neoliberal Continuities, the Autonomist Right, and the Political Economy of Indigenous Struggle.Jeffery Webber - 2008 - Historical Materialism 16 (4):67-109.
  49.  13
    Early Intraparietal Involvement in Motion-Driven Attention Identified with fMRI-Neuronavigated TMS.Alexander Bonnie, Laycock Robin, Crewther Sheila & Crewther David - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  50.  16
    Dual Powers, Class Compositions, and the Venezuelan People.Jeffery R. Webber - 2015 - Historical Materialism 23 (2):189-227.
    George Ciccariello-Maher’sWe Created Chávezis the most important book available in English proposing an anti-capitalist framework for understanding the Bolivarian process in contemporary Venezuela, as well as its historical backdrop dating back to 1958. The book contains within it a laudable critique of Eurocentrism and a masterful combination of oral history, ethnography, and theoretical sophistication. It reveals with unusual clarity and insight the multiplicity of popular movements that allowed for Hugo Chávez’s eventual ascension to presidential office in the late 1990s.We Created (...)
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