Results for 'Ellen Dwyer'

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  1.  14
    Michael R. Trimble. The Intentional Brain: Motion, Emotion, and the Development of Modern Neuropsychiatry. Xix + 308 Pp., Figs., Indexes. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016. $29.95. [REVIEW]Ellen Dwyer - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):873-874.
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  2.  12
    Social Order/Mental Disorder: Anglo-American Psychiatry in Historical PerspectiveAndrew Scull.Ellen Dwyer - 1992 - Isis 83 (1):152-153.
  3.  5
    Mental Illness and American Society, 1875-1940Gerald Grob.Ellen Dwyer - 1984 - Isis 75 (3):605-606.
  4.  4
    "They're in the Trade... Of Lunacy: They 'Cannot Interfere'--They Say": The Scottish Lunacy Commissioners and Lunacy Reform in Nineteenth-Century Scotland. Jonathan Andrews. [REVIEW]Ellen Dwyer - 2000 - Isis 91 (3):617-618.
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  5.  4
    Homes for the Mad: Life Inside Two Nineteenth-Century Asylums. Ellen Dwyer.Nancy Tomes - 1989 - Isis 80 (1):94-95.
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  6.  22
    Do Knowledge, Ethics, and Liberty Require Free Will? [REVIEW]William Dwyer - 2001 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (1):83 - 108.
    William Dwyer reviews Initiative: Human Agency and Society, in which Tibor Machan argues that free will is a prerequisite for knowledge, ethics, and political liberty. Machan criticizes Hayek, Stigler, and "public choice" economics for their economic determinism and for discounting the importance of abstract ideas. Despite making a good case against environmental and economic determinism, Machan fails adequately to defend his central thesis that free will exists and that it is required for normative values.
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  7.  4
    Rejoinder to George Lyons and Tibor R. Machan: Free Will and Determinism.William Dwyer - 2002 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):221 - 230.
    William Dwyer responds to the comments of George Lyons and Tibor R. Machan on his review of Machan's Initiative (Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Fall 2001). Dwyer reiterates points in his initial review, stressing the need to understand choice within a larger causal context.
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  8. Critical Thinking: Conceptual Perspectives and Practical Guidelines.Christopher P. Dwyer - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dwyer's book is unique and distinctive as it presents and discusses a modern conceptualization of critical thinking – one that is commensurate with the exponential increase in the annual output of knowledge. The abilities of navigating new knowledge outputs, engaging in enquiry and constructively solving problems are not only important in academic contexts, but are also essential life skills. Specifically, the book provides a modern, detailed, accessible and integrative model of critical thinking that accounts for critical thinking sub-skills and (...)
     
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  9. The Linguistic Analogy: Motivations, Results, and Speculations.Susan Dwyer, Bryce Huebner & Marc D. Hauser - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):486-510.
    Inspired by the success of generative linguistics and transformational grammar, proponents of the linguistic analogy (LA) in moral psychology hypothesize that careful attention to folk-moral judgments is likely to reveal a small set of implicit rules and structures responsible for the ubiquitous and apparently unbounded capacity for making moral judgments. As a theoretical hypothesis, LA thus requires a rich description of the computational structures that underlie mature moral judgments, an account of the acquisition and development of these structures, and an (...)
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  10. Moral Dumbfounding and the Linguistic Analogy: Methodological Implications for the Study of Moral Judgment.Susan Dwyer - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (3):274-296.
    The manifest dissociation between our capacity to make moral judgments and our ability to provide justifications for them, a phenomenon labeled Moral Dumbfounding, has important implications for the theory and practice of moral psychology. I articulate and develop the Linguistic Analogy as a robust alternative to existing sentimentalist models of moral judgment inspired by this phenomenon. The Linguistic Analogy motivates a crucial distinction between moral acceptability and moral permissibility judgments, and thereby calls into question prevailing methods used in the study (...)
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  11.  74
    How to Connect Bioethics and Environmental Ethics: Health, Sustainability, and Justice.James Dwyer - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (9):497-502.
    In this paper, I explore one way to bring bioethics and environmental ethics closer together. I focus on a question at the interface of health, sustainability, and justice: How well does a society promote health with the use of no more than a just share of environmental capacity? To address this question, I propose and discuss a mode of assessment that combines a measurement of population health, an estimate of environmental sustainability, and an assumption about what constitutes a fair or (...)
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  12.  69
    Believing in Language.Susan Dwyer & Paul M. Pietroski - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):338-373.
    We propose that the generalizations of linguistic theory serve to ascribe beliefs to humans. Ordinary speakers would explicitly (and sincerely) deny having these rather esoteric beliefs about language--e.g., the belief that an anaphor must be bound in its governing category. Such ascriptions can also seem problematic in light of certain theoretical considerations having to do with concept possession, revisability, and so on. Nonetheless, we argue that ordinary speakers believe the propositions expressed by certain sentences of linguistic theory, and that linguistics (...)
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  13. How Good is the Linguistic Analogy?Susan Dwyer - 2006 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. Oxford University Press. pp. 145--167.
    A nativist moral psychology, modeled on the successes of theoretical linguistics, provides the best framework for explaining the acquisition of moral capacities and the diversity of moral judgment across the species. After a brief presentation of a poverty of the moral stimulus argument, this chapter sketches a view according to which a so-called Universal Moral Grammar provides a set of parameterizable principles whose specific values are set by the child's environment, resulting in the acquisition of a moral idiolect. The principles (...)
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  14. What's Wrong with the Global Migration of Health Care Professionals? Individual Rights and International Justice.James Dwyer - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (5):36-43.
    : When health care workers migrate from poor countries to rich countries, they are exercising an important human right and helping rich countries fulfill obligations of social justice. They are also, however, creating problems of social justice in the countries they leave. Solving these problems requires balancing social needs against individual rights and studying the relationship of social justice to international justice.
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  15.  43
    Procedural and Distributive Fairness: Determinants of Overall Price Fairness.Jodie L. Ferguson, Pam Scholder Ellen & William O. Bearden - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (2):1-15.
    The present research isolates the fairness assessment of the process used by the retailer to set a price, as well as the distributive fairness of the price compared to the price that others are offered, and examines the combined effect of procedural fairness and distributive fairness on overall price fairness. Two experimental studies examine procedural and distributive fairness effects on overall price fairness. In study 1, procedural fairness and distributive fairness are manipulated and found to interact to bring about overall (...)
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  16.  37
    Reconciliation for Realists.Susan Dwyer - 1999 - Ethics and International Affairs 13:81–98.
    The rhetoric of reconciliation is common in situations where traditional judicial responses to past wrongdoing are unavailable because of corruption, large numbers of offenders, or anxiety about the political consequences. But what constitutes reconciliation?
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  17.  49
    Dupoux and Jacob's Moral Instincts: Throwing Out the Baby, the Bathwater and the Bathtub.Susan Dwyer - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):1-2.
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  18. Postgraduate News.Angela Dwyer - 2008 - Nexus 20 (3):21.
     
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  19. Developing the Duty to Treat: HIV, SARS, and the Next Epidemic.J. Dwyer & D. F.-C. Tsai - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (1):7-10.
    SARS, like HIV, placed healthcare workers at risk and raised issues about the duty to treat. But philosophical accounts of the duty to treat that were developed in the context of HIV did not adequately address some of the ethical issues raised by SARS. Since the next epidemic may be more like SARS than HIV, it is important to illuminate these issues. In this paper, we sketch a general account of the duty to treat that arose in response to HIV. (...)
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  20.  74
    Husserl’s Appropriation of the Psychological Concepts of Apperception and Attention.Daniel J. Dwyer - 2007 - Husserl Studies 23 (2):83-118.
    In the sixth Logical Investigation, Husserl thematizes the surplus (Überschuß) of the perceptual intention whereby the intending goes beyond the partial givenness of a perceptual object to the object as a whole. This surplus is an apperceptive surplus that transcends the purely perceptual substance (Gehalt) or sensed content (empfundene Inhalt) available to a perceiver at any one time. This surplus can be described on the one hand as a synthetic link to future, possible, active experience; to intend an object is (...)
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  21.  30
    Illegal Immigrants, Health Care, and Social Responsibility.James Dwyer - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (1):34-41.
  22.  19
    Primum Non Tacere: An Ethics of Speaking Up.James Dwyer - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):13-18.
  23.  15
    Evaluative Conditioning with Foods as CSs and Body Shapes as USs: No Evidence for Sex Differences, Extinction, or Overshadowing.Dominic M. Dwyer, Frances Jarratt & Kristie Dick - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (2):281-299.
  24.  28
    Suspicion and Perceptions of Price Fairness in Times of Crisis.Jodie L. Ferguson, Pam Scholder Ellen & Gabriela Herrera Piscopo - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (2):331 - 349.
    Times of crisis bring about increased demands on businesses as shortages, or unexpected but significant, business costs are encountered. Passing on such costs to consumers is a challenge. When faced with a retail price increase, consumers may rely on cues as to the motive behind the increase. Such cues can raise suspicion of alternative motive (e. g., taking advantage of the consumer) affecting consumers' judgments of price fairness. This research investigates two triggers of suspicion: salience of alternative motives, and behavior (...)
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  25.  54
    On Flying to Ethics Conferences: Climate Change and Moral Responsiveness.James Dwyer - 2013 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 6 (1):1-18.
    Last year I flew to two bioethics conferences, one in Europe and one in North America. I also flew to Taiwan to teach abroad for a year. These were good things to do, or so I thought. I contributed to educational events, learned more about bioethics, and visited with friends and colleagues. But I worry that flying and other activities in my life are contributing to climate changes that will affect the health of vulnerable people, the life prospects of future (...)
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  26. Time Travel and Changing the Past.Larry Dwyer - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 27 (5):341 - 350.
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  27.  8
    Teaching Global Bioethics.James Dwyer - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5-6):432-446.
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  28.  53
    Moral Development and Moral Responsibility.Susan Dwyer - 2003 - The Monist 86 (2):181-199.
    At the end of Section III of “Freedom and Resentment,” just after he has drawn our attention to the reactive attitudes, P. F. Strawson remarks, “The object of these commonplaces is to try to keep before our minds something it is easy to forget when we are engaged in philosophy, especially in our cool, contemporary style, viz., what it is actually like to be involved in ordinary inter-personal relationships, ranging from the most intimate to the most casual.” It is striking, (...)
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  29. Freedom and Rule-Following in Wittgenstein and Sartre.Philip Dwyer - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (September):49-68.
  30.  65
    Peer Review Versus Editorial Review and Their Role in Innovative Science.Georg Steinhauser, Wolfram Adlassnig, Jesaka Ahau Risch, Serena Anderlini, Petros Arguriou, Aaron Zolen Armendariz, William Bains, Clark Baker, Martin Barnes, Jonathan Barnett, Michael Baumgartner, Thomas Baumgartner, Charles A. Bendall, Yvonne S. Bender, Max Bichler, Teresa Biermann, Ronaldo Bini, Eduardo Blanco, John Bleau, Anthony Brink, Darin Brown, Christopher Burghuber, Roy Calne, Brian Carter, Cesar Castaño, Peter Celec, Maria Eugenia Celis, Nicky Clarke, David Cockrell, David Collins, Brian Coogan, Jennifer Craig, Cal Crilly, David Crowe, Antonei B. Csoka, Chaza Darwich, Topiciprin del Kebos, Michele DeRinaldi, Bongani Dlamini, Tomasz Drewa, Michael Dwyer, Fabienne Eder, Raúl Ehrichs de Palma, Dean Esmay, Catherine Evans Rött, Christopher Exley, Robin Falkov, Celia Ingrid Farber, William Fearn, Sophie Felsmann, Jarl Flensmark, Andrew K. Fletcher, Michaela Foster, Kostas N. Fountoulakis, Jim Fouratt, Jesus Garcia Blanca, Manuel Garrido Sotelo, Florian Gittler, Georg Gittler & Go - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (5):359-376.
    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that (...)
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  31.  49
    Nutritional Risks of Vegan Diets to Women and Children: Are They Preventable? [REVIEW]Johanna Dwyer & Franklin M. Loew - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (1):87-109.
    The potential health risks of vegan diets specifically for women and children are discussed. Women and children are at higher risk of malnutrition from consumption of unsupplemented vegan diets than are adult males. Those who are very young, pregnant, lactating, elderly, or who suffer from poverty, disease or other environmentally induced disadvantages are at special risk. The size of these risks is difficult to quantify from existing studies. Fortunately the risk of dietary deficiency disease can be avoided and the potential (...)
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  32.  18
    Global Health and Justice.James Dwyer - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (5-6):460-475.
  33.  37
    Preconceptual Intelligibility in Perception.Daniel Dwyer - 2013 - Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):533-553.
    This paper argues that John McDowell’s conceptualism distorts a genuine phenomenological account of perception. Instead of the seemingly forced choice between conceptualism and non-conceptualism as to what accounts for perceptual and discursive meaning, I provide an argument that there is a preconceptual intelligibility already in the perceptual field. With the help of insights from certain nonconceptualists I sketch out an argument that there is a teleological directedness in the way in which latent order and structure can be discriminated at the (...)
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  34.  14
    Three Nursing Home Residents Speak About Meaning At the End of Life.Lise-Lotte Dwyer, Lennart Nordenfelt & Britt-Marie Ternestedt - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (1):97-109.
    This article provides a deeper understanding of how meaning can be created in everyday life at a nursing home. It is based on a primary study concerning dignity involving 12 older people living in two nursing homes in Sweden. A secondary analysis was carried out on data obtained from three of the primary participants interviewed over a period of time (18—24 months), with a total of 12 interviews carried out using an inductive hermeneutic approach. The study reveals that sources of (...)
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  35.  60
    Do the Ward Notes Reflect the Quality of End-of-Life Care?D. P. Sulmasy, M. Dwyer & E. Marx - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (6):344-348.
    OBJECTIVES: To study the accuracy of reviewing ward notes (chart review) as a measure of the quality of care rendered to patients with "Do Not Resuscitate" (DNR) orders. DESIGN: We reviewed the charts of 19 consecutive, competent inpatients with DNR orders for evidence that the staff addressed a broad range of patient care needs called Concurrent Care Concerns (CCCs), such as withholding treatments other than resuscitation itself, and attention to patient comfort needs. We then interviewed the patient, consultant physician, house (...)
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  36. Understanding the Problem of Abortion.Susan Dwyer - unknown
    Abortion raises a number of difficult questions for morality, law, and public policy. When, if ever, is abortion morally permissible? Do women have a legal right to abortion, and how is that right to be justified? Ought abortions for poor women be funded by the state? These questions are related in the sense that answers to any one of them have implications for answers to the others. But it is crucial to remember that they are different questions. For example, suppose (...)
     
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  37. The Educational Implication of Heideggerian Authenticity.Michael Dwyer, Luise Prior & Emanuel Shargel - 1988 - Philosophy of Education 198:140-149.
     
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  38. Pornography.Susan Dwyer - unknown
    Pornography has attracted a good deal of academic and political attention, primarily from feminists of various persuasions, moral philosophers, and legal scholars. Surprisingly less work has been forthcoming from film theorists, given how much pornography has been produced on video and DVD and is now available through live streaming video over the Internet. Indeed, it is not until 1989, with the publication of Linda Williams’ groundbreaking Hard Core, that pornography is distinguished, in terms of its content, intent, and governing conventions, (...)
     
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  39. What Psychopaths Can Teach Us.Susan Dwyer - 2000 - The Philosophers' Magazine 9 (9):32-33.
  40.  17
    The Fundamental ${\Rm S}$-Theorem---A Corollary.Robert K. Meyer, Errol P. Martin & Robert Dwyer - 1983 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 24 (4):509-516.
  41. The Logic of Disenchantment: A Phenomenological Approach.Daniel Dwyer - 2010 - In Pol Vandevelde & Sebastian Luft (eds.), Epistemology, Archaeology, Ethics.
  42. How not to argue that morality isn't innate: Comments on Jesse Prinz's “is morality innate?”.Susan Dwyer - manuscript
    We must admire the ambition of Prinz’s title question. But does he provide a convincing answer to it? Prinz’s own view of morality as “a byproduct – accidental or invented – of faculties that evolved for different purposes (1),” which appears to express a negative reply, does not receive much direct argument here. Rather, Prinz’s main aim is to try to show that the considerations he believes are typically presented by moral nativists are insufficient or inadequate to establish that morality (...)
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  43. Necessity and Possibility: The Logical Strategy of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (Review).Philip Dwyer - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (3):402-403.
    This book is a foray into the thorny interpretive issue of what to make of Kant's so-called "Metaphysical Deduction" of the categories. As with many of the arguments in the first Critique, the claim of the Metaphysical Deduction is easier to make out than its argument. The claim is that by some or other reference to "general logic," one may obtain a "transcendental logic," i.e., a justification (or "deduction") of the categories (of the understanding) necessary to the (very) possibility of (...)
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  44. The Partial Re-enchantment of Nature Through the Analysis of Perception.Daniel J. Dwyer - 2008 - Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (6):1-12.
    Le réductionnisme scientiste a privé le monde de ce qui avait été un univers enchanté, empli des formes et des esprits qui hantaient le monde médiéval. Merleau-Ponty et Husserl dans son œuvre tardive tentent de réenchanter la nature, mais du point de vue de la perception. Leur insistance sur la structure et la forme perceptuelles est un moyen de protection contre le réductionnisme et donc, en un sens, réenchante le monde qui, pour parler comme Merleau-Ponty, est « con­damné au sens (...)
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  45.  37
    How to Affect, but Not Change, the Past.Larry Dwyer - 1977 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 15 (3):383-385.
  46.  48
    Wittgenstein, Kant and Husserl on the Dialectical Temptations of Reason.Daniel J. Dwyer - 2004 - Continental Philosophy Review 37 (3):277-307.
    There is an interesting sense in which philosophical reflection in the transcendental tradition is thought to be unnatural. Kant claims that metaphysical speculation is as natural as breathing and that transcendental critique is necessary to prevent reason from lapsing into a natural dialectic of dogmatism and skepticism. Husserl argues that the critique of theoretical reason is grounded upon a transcending of the natural attitude in which we are at first unjustifiably and naïvely directed toward objects as separate from consciousness. A (...)
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  47.  50
    Racial Classification and Political Divisions During the Inca Empire.John F. Dwyer - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (2):330-330.
  48.  14
    Rethinking Transplantation Between Siblings.James Dwyer & Elizabeth Vig - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (5):7-12.
  49.  49
    Leakage From a Catholic Parish.John F. Dwyer - 1943 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 18 (1):189-190.
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  50.  49
    The Abolition of Man.John F. Dwyer - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (2):326-327.
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