Results for 'Donald Michie'

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  1.  44
    Consciousness as an Engineering Issue. Part 2.Donald Michie - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (1):52-66.
    This paper's first part, reviewed attempts to model real-world problem solving as machine-executable logic. Part 2 considers an alternative model in which the solution of problems is primarily the work of visualization supported by automatized skills. Consciousness operates at the level of goal-setting and monitoring, and of the construction and communication of after-the-event commentaries, not as a problem solver. Engineering designs based on this model have proved convenient and effective. `Structured induction' is now routinely used to recover and articulate expertise (...)
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  2.  32
    Turing's Test and Conscious Thought.Donald Michie - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 60:1-22.
  3. Machine Intelligence 4.Bernard Meltzer & Donald Michie - 1970 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21 (2):212-214.
     
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  4.  50
    Expert Systems: The End of the Beginning. [REVIEW]Donald Michie - 1991 - AI and Society 5 (2):142-147.
  5.  29
    Simulator-Mediated Acquisition of a Dynamic Control Skill.Jean Hayes Michie & Donald Michie - 1998 - AI and Society 12 (1-2):71-77.
    Uses of stored skill-models to accelerate simulator-based real-time training in a control skill are discussed. A real-time coach must deliver advice at three levels: (1) what to do next, (2) what to watch for, and (3) what went wrong. Human learning and machine learning results are presented using different screen representations of a pole-and-cart balancing task.
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  6.  33
    Current Developments in Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems.Donald Michie - 1985 - Zygon 20 (4):375-389.
  7. Machine Intelligence 4.B. Meltzer & Donald Michie (eds.) - 1969 - Edinburgh University Press.
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  8.  16
    Consciousness as an Engineering Issue (Parts 1 and 2).Donald Michie - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (1):192-95.
    Consciousness has been widely regarded as the central arena for the mental solution of problems. A variant view locates the business end of problem solving elsewhere, with conscious intervention only for intermittent monitoring and goal-setting. In this scenario conscious awareness, with `intelligent' processes generally, is largely specialized to the construction and communication of appropriate after-the-event histories and explanations.The first part of the paper traces a long march undertaken by main-stream artificial intelligence basing itself on the first assumption. Disappointment with the (...)
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  9.  3
    ‘Mind-Like’ Capabilities in Computers: A Note on Computer Induction.Donald Michie - 1982 - Cognition 12 (1):97-108.
  10. Turing's Test and Conscious Thought 'in P. Millican and A. Clark, Eds'.Donald Michie - 1996 - In Peter Millican & A. Clark (eds.), Machines and Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 27--51.
     
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  11. Donald Michie: Machine Intelligence, Biology and More.Ashwin Srinivasan - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Donald Michie was many things; a computing pioneer in machine intelligence, a cryptographer who made key breakthroughs at Bletchley Park, and a geneticist. Tragically, two years ago he died in a car crash. Here, Ashwin Srinivasan presents an engaging collection of lively essays from Michie's writings, on thinking computers, mice, and much more.
     
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  12.  30
    Good Thinking: The Foundations of Probability and its Applications.Irving John Good - 1983 - Univ Minnesota Pr.
    ... Press for their editorial perspicacity, to the National Institutes of Health for the partial financial support they gave me while I was writing some of the chapters, and to Donald Michie for suggesting the title Good Thinking.
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  13.  27
    Agents of Alienation.Jaron Lanier - 1995 - Interactions 2 (3):76-81.
    In the conclusion to his article, `Consciousness as an engineering issue' , pp. 52-66), Donald Michie argues that the inclusion of intelligent computer systems in workgroups will lead to a blurring of the distinction between human and machine consciousness. He also refers to the increasing use of intelligent agent software in commercial applications. Given the exponential growth in the availability of on-line information through networked computer systems, AI routines are being developed to filter information, based on the user's (...)
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  14.  71
    Mind Versus Computer: Were Dreyfus and Winograd Right?Matjaz Gams (ed.) - 1997 - Amsterdam: IOS Press.
  15. Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality.Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig present the definitive critical exposition of the philosophical system of Donald Davidson. Davidson 's ideas had a deep and broad influence in the central areas of philosophy; he presented them in brilliant essays over four decades, but never set out explicitly the overarching scheme in which they all have their place. Lepore's and Ludwig's book will therefore be the key work, besides Davidson 's own, for understanding one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth (...)
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  16. Donald Davidson's Truth-Theoretic Semantics.Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig - 2007 - Clarendon Press.
    The work of Donald Davidson (1917-2003) transformed the study of meaning. Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig, two of the world's leading authorities on Davidson's work, present the definitive study of his widely admired and influential program of truth-theoretic semantics for natural languages, giving an exposition and critical examination of its foundations and applications.
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  17. Donald Davidson.Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig - 2004 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):309–333.
    This chapter reviews the major contributions of Donald Davidson to philosophy in the 20th century.
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  18. On an “Unintelligible” Idea: Donald Davidson’s Case Against Experiential Foundationalism.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (4):523-555.
    Donald Davidson’s epistemology is predicated on, among other things, the rejection of Experiential Foundationalism, which he calls ‘unintelligible’. In this essay, I assess Davidson’s arguments for this conclusion. I conclude that each of them fails on the basis of reasons that foundationalists and antifoundationalists alike can, and should, accept.
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  19. Donald Davidson.Ernest Lepore & K. Ludwig - 2009 - In Christopher Belshaw & Gary Kemp (eds.), 12 Modern Philosophers. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 199-224.
  20.  19
    Semiotic Space Invasion: The Case of Donald Trump’s US Presidential Campaign.Peter Wignell, Kay O’Halloran & Sabine Tan - 2019 - Semiotica 2019 (226):185-208.
    This paper uses a social semiotic perspective to analyze Donald Trump’s domination of media coverage of the US presidential campaign from 16 June 2015, when he announced his candidacy for nomination as the Republican candidate until 8 November 2016, when he was elected as President of the United States. The paper argues that one of the keys to Donald Trump’s domination of media coverage was that, in presenting himself and his agenda, he foregrounded interpersonal meaning by making himself (...)
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  21.  67
    Donald Davidson and the Mirror of Meaning: Holism, Truth, Interpretation.J. E. Malpas - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    J. E. Malpas discusses and develops the ideas of Donald Davidson, influential in contemporary thinking on the nature of understanding and meaning, and of truth and knowledge. He provides an account of Davidson's holistic and hermeneutical conception of linguistic interpretation, and, more generally, of the mind. Outlining its Quinean origins and the elements basic to Davidson's Radical Interpretation, J. E. Malpas' book goes on to elaborate this holism and to examine the indeterminacy of interpretation and the principle of charity. (...)
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  22. Donald Davidson.Marc Joseph - 2004 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Donald Davidson's work has been of seminal importance in the development of analytic philosophy and his views on the nature of language, mind and action remain the starting point for many of the central debates in the analytic tradition. His ideas, however, are complex, often technical, and interconnected in ways that can make them difficult to understand. This introduction to Davidson's philosophy examines the full range of his writings to provide a clear succinct overview of his ideas. This book (...)
     
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  23. Jesus' Return as Lottery Puzzle: A Reply to Donald Smith.P. Roger Turner - 2012 - Religious Studies 48 (3):305-313.
    In his recent paper, “Lottery Puzzles and Jesus’ Return,” Donald Smith says that Christians should accept a very robust skepticism about the future because a Christian ought to think that the probability of Jesus’ return happening at any future moment is inscrutable to her. But I think that Smith’s argument lacks the power to rationally persuade Christians who are antecedently uncommitted as to whether or not we can or do have any substantive knowledge about the future. Moreover, I think (...)
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  24.  38
    Donald Davidson and the Mirror of Meaning.Ian Rumfitt & J. E. Malpas - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (178):136.
    Review of J.E. Malpas, *Donald Davidson and the Mirror of Meaning* (CUP).
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  25.  54
    Donald Trump as a Critical-Thinking Teaching Assistant.Stephen Sullivan - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):118-132.
    Donald Trump has been a godsend for those of us who teach critical thinking. For he is a fount of manipulative rhetoric, glaring fallacies, conspiracy theories, fake news, and bullshit. In this paper I draw on my own recent teaching experience in order to discuss both the usefulness and the limits of using Trump examples in teaching critical thinking. In Section One I give the framework of the course; in Section Two I indicate Trump’s relevance to many important concepts (...)
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  26.  54
    Metaphysics Matters: Metaphysics and Soteriology in Jerome Stone's and Donald Crosby's Varieties of Religious Naturalism.Stefani Ruper - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):308-322.
    Religious naturalism is distinct from supernatural religion largely because of metaphysical minimalism. Certain varieties of religious naturalism are more minimalist than others, however, and some even eschew metaphysics altogether. But is anything lost in that process? To determine metaphysics’ degree of relevance to religious function, I compare the soteriology of the “ontologically reticent” Minimalist Vision of Jerome Stone to that of the ontologically rich Religion of Nature of Donald Crosby. I demonstrate that for these varieties of religious naturalism: (1) (...)
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  27.  79
    John Buridan and Donald Davidson on Akrasia.Risto Saarinen - 1993 - Synthese 96 (1):133-154.
    This article has two objectives. Firts, it is my aim to outline some medieval views concerning the acts that oppose one's better judgment. I will use Aristotle's term aktasia to denote the moral state of an agent behaving in this way. John Burdidan's (1285-1349) treatment of akrasia is especially relevant here. Second, it will be argued that some important philosophical ideas proposed receently by Donald Davidson, in his influential study 'How is Waekness of the Will Possible?', are anticipated in (...)
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  28. Distinguishing WV Quine and Donald Davidson.James Pearson - 2011 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 1 (1):1-22.
    Given W.V. Quine’s and Donald Davidson’s extensive agreement about much of the philosophy of language and mind, and the obvious methodological parallels between Quine’s radical translation and Davidson’s radical interpretation, many—including Quine and Davidson—are puzzled by their occasional disagreements. I argue for the importance of attending to these disagreements, not just because doing so deepens our understanding of these influential thinkers, but because they are in fact the shadows thrown from two distinct conceptions of philosophical inquiry: Quine’s “naturalism” and (...)
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  29.  23
    The Library of Living Philosophers: Donald Davidson.F. Hahn (ed.) - 1999 - Open Court.
    The latest volume of the critically acclaimed Library of Living Philosophers series is devoted to the work of analytic philosopher Donald Davidson. Following the standard LLP format, Davidson discusses his life and philosophical development in an intellectual autobiography. This is followed by 31 critical essays by distinguished scholars; Davidson replies to each of these essays.
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  30.  36
    Kathrin Glüer, Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 313 Pp., £16.99 , ISBN‐13: 978‐0‐19‐538297‐6. [REVIEW]Kirk Ludwig - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (3):464-473.
    This is a review of Kathrin Gluer's Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction. A dispute about the grounding of the Principle of Charity is discussed, and some resources Davidson has for responding to a criticism of his theory of action.
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  31.  61
    Review of Ernest Lepore, Kirk Ludwig, Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality[REVIEW]James W. Garson - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (2).
    Over the last forty years, Donald Davidson has been one of the most influential, but least accessible voices in philosophy. There are several reasons why it is hard to come to grips with his work. First, his language is dense, even by the standards of analytic philosophy; while at the same time his thought is highly organic, so that it is difficult to make sense of one idea without an understanding of his whole program. Davidson never attempted to write (...)
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  32.  32
    Anomalous Monism and Mental Causality : On the Debate of Donald Davidson’'s Philosophy of the Mental'.Erwin Rogler & Gerhard Preyer - unknown
    The English version of the first chapter of Erwin Rogler and Gerhard Preyer: Materialismus, anomaler Monismus und mentale Kausalität. Zur gegenwärtigen Philosophie des Mentalen bei Donald Davidson und David Lewis »Anomaler Monismus und Mentale Kausalität. Ein Beitrag zur Debatte über Donald Davidsons Philosophie des Mentalen« is a contribution to the current debates on the philosophy of the mental and mental causality initiated from Donald Davidson's philosophy with his article »Mental Events«. It is the intent of the English (...)
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  33. The Literary Correspondence of Donald Davidson and Allen Tate.Donald Davidson & Allen Tate - 1974
     
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  34. Construing Donald Davidson.Rodolfo Giorgi - 2013 - Itinerari 3:129-140.
    This paper is focused on the analysis of the relationship between Davidson’s classical essays in Philosophy of Language and the thesis he developed with the article “A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs”. I shall argue that the idea of language defended by Davidson in the eighties doesn’t present similarities with Wittgenstein’s approach, as it is assumed by some scholars. In this respect, I reject the idea according to which we should assume the existence of an “early” and a “later” Donald (...)
     
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  35.  26
    Kripke’s Wittgenstein’s Sceptical Solution and Donald Davidson’s Philosophy of Language.Ali Hossein Khani - 2017 - Dissertation,
    This thesis is an attempt to investigate the relation between the views of Wittgenstein as presented by Kripke and Donald Davidson on meaning and linguistic understanding. Kripke’s Wittgenstein, via his sceptical argument, argues that there is no fact about which rule a speaker is following in using a linguistic expression. Now, if one urges that meaning something by a word is essentially a matter of following one rule rather than another, the sceptical argument leads to the radical sceptical conclusion (...)
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  36. Agrarian Letters the Correspondence of John Donald Wade and Donald Davidson, 1930-1939.John Donald Wade, Donald Davidson & Gerald J. Smith - 2003
     
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  37. Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry.Robert H. Myers & Claudine Verheggen - 2016 - Routledge.
    According to many commentators, Davidson’s earlier work on philosophy of action and truth-theoretic semantics is the basis for his reputation, and his later forays into broader metaphysical and epistemological issues, and eventually into what became known as the triangulation argument, are much less successful. This book by two of his former students aims to change that perception. In Part One, Verheggen begins by providing an explanation and defense of the triangulation argument, then explores its implications for questions concerning semantic normativity (...)
     
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  38. Representación, empirismo y triangulación Comentario a Conocer sin representar. El realismo epistemológico de Donald Davidson de William Duica.Ignacio Ávila - 2016 - Ideas Y Valores 65 (161):315-329.
    En este breve comentario discuto algunos aspectos de la interpretación de la epistemología de Davidson que sugiere Willian Duica en su reciente libro. Luego de una presentación somera del libro me centro en tres asuntos centrales de la interpretación de Duica. En primer lugar, argumento que su lectura de la crítica de Davidson al dualismo esquema/contenido es muy restrictiva y deja abierta la posibilidad de un realismo directo empirista. En segundo lugar, argumento que en su lectura el propio Duica se (...)
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  39. The Philosophy of Donald Davidson (Library of Living Philosophers).Lewis Hahn (ed.) - 1999 - Open Court.
     
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  40.  67
    Reflecting Davidson: Donald Davidson Responding to an International Forum of Philosophers.Ralf Stoecker (ed.) - 1993 - W. De Gruyter.
    Truth, Meaning and Logical Form Reflections on Davidson's Philosophy of Language WOLFGANG KUNNE I. Introduction: Davidson and Tarski The governing idea of ...
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  41.  73
    A Companion to Donald Davidson (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy).Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig (eds.) - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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  42. No Need to Speak the Same Language? Review of Ramberg, Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language.H. G. Callaway & J. van Brakel - 1996 - Dialectica, Vol. 50, No.1, 1996, Pp. 63-71 50 (1):63-72.
    The book is an “introductory” reconstruction of Davidson on interpretation —a claim to be taken with a grain of salt. Writing introductory books has become an idol of the tribe. This is a concise book and reflects much study. It has many virtues along with some flaws. Ramberg assembles themes and puzzles from Davidson into a more or less coherent viewpoint. A special virtue is the innovative treatment of incommensurability and of the relation of Davidson’s work to hermeneutic themes. The (...)
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  43.  29
    Language, Mind, and Epistemology: On Donald Davidson's Philosophy.Gerhard Preyer, F. Siebelt & A. Ulfig (eds.) - 1994 - Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Together with its introduction, Language, Mind and Epistemology examines Davidson's unified stance towards philosophy by joining American and European authors ...
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  44.  46
    Interpretations and Causes: New Perspectives on Donald Davidson's Philosophy.Mario De Caro (ed.) - 1999 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    In Interpretations and Causes, some of the leading contemporary analytic philosophers discuss Davidson's new ideas in a lively, relevant, useful, and not always ...
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  45.  69
    Interview with Donald Davidson in November 1993.Lars Bergström & Dagfinn Føllesdal - 1994 - Theoria 60 (3):207-225.
  46.  95
    Review of Donald Davidson, Problems of Rationality[REVIEW]Richard Rorty - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (2).
    Problems of Rationality is divided into three parts. The first four essays defend the claim that judgments of value are objectively true. The next six expound what Davidson called "a unified theory of thought, meaning, and action". The last four discuss the problems that weakness of will and self-deception raise for Davidson's claim that ascription of intention and belief is possible only if we assume the agent's rationality. I shall discuss the three parts in sequence.
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  47.  67
    Review of Evnine, Donald Davidson. [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (October):555-560.
    Tracing the background of Davidson’s work in the positivists’ philosophical emigration of the 30’s and in Quine, Evnine’s “Introduction” offers a “map of the terrain to be covered” which stresses the “rationalistic” character of Davidson’s views on holism and rationality. Thus, “his main philosophical concerns ... language, the mental and action...are the ingredients of a philosophical anthropology.” In spite of Quinean roots, the view is that “Davidson has now wholly removed himself, philosophically speaking, from the empiricist tradition.” The result: a (...)
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  48. The Experimenting Society Essays in Honor of Donald T. Campbell.William N. Dunn - 1998
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  49.  20
    The Philosophy of William James: Radical Empiricism and Radical Materialism by Donald A. Crosby.Donald Wayne Viney - 2016 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 37 (2):188-192.
    William James described his system as “too much like an arch built only on one side.” Donald Crosby’s project is to chart the dimensions of the arch, repair it in certain places, and continue its construction. He endorses a Jamesian empiricism according to which “pure experience” is the ultimate context within which we come to judgments about reality, but he resists James’s allusions to pure experience as the stuff from which the world is made. The metaphysical question is answered (...)
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  50. Sobre a possibilidade de pensarmos o mundo: o debate entre John McDowell e Donald Davidson.Marco Aurelio Sousa Alves - 2008 - Dissertation, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
    The thesis evaluates a contemporary debate concerning the very possibility of thinking about the world. In the first chapter, McDowell's critique of Davidson is presented, focusing on the coherentism defended by the latter. The critique of the myth of the given (as it appears in Sellars and Wittgenstein), as well as the necessity of a minimal empiricism (which McDowell finds in Quine and Kant), lead to an oscillation in contemporary thinking between two equally unsatisfactory ways of understanding the empirical content (...)
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