Results for 'Peter Machamer'

994 found
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  1.  2
    A Fallacious Forced Choice: Cloninger and Stoyanov, Machamer, and Schaffner Are Compatible.Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Peter Machamer & Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):281-284.
  2. Thinking About Mechanisms.Peter K. Machamer, Lindley Darden & Carl F. Craver - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (1):1-25.
    The concept of mechanism is analyzed in terms of entities and activities, organized such that they are productive of regular changes. Examples show how mechanisms work in neurobiology and molecular biology. Thinking in terms of mechanisms provides a new framework for addressing many traditional philosophical issues: causality, laws, explanation, reduction, and scientific change.
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  3.  57
    Theory and Method in the Neurosciences.Peter McLaughlin, Peter Machamer & Rick Grush (eds.) - 2001 - Pittsburgh University Press.
  4.  62
    Phenomena, Data and Theories: A Special Issue of Synthese.Peter Machamer - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):1-5.
    The papers collected here are the result of an INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: Data · Phenomena · Theories: What’s the notion of a scientific phenomenon good for? held in Heidelberg in September 2008. The event was organized by the research group Causality, Cognition, and the Constitution of Scientific Phenomena in cooperation with Philosophy Department at the University of Heidelberg (Peter McLaughlin and Andreas Kemmerling) and the IWH Heidelberg. The symposium was supported by the Emmy-Noether-Programm der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft and by Stiftung Universitat (...)
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  5. Activities and Causation: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Mechanisms.Peter Machamer - 2004 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):27 – 39.
    This article deals with mechanisms conceived as composed of entities and activities. In response to many perplexities about the nature of activities, a number of arguments are developed concerning their epistemic and ontological status. Some questions concerning the relations between cause and causal explanation and mechanisms are also addressed.
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  6.  37
    Science, Values, and Objectivity.Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.) - 2004 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Few people, if any, still argue that science in all its aspects is a value-free endeavor. At the very least, values affect decisions about the choice of research problems to investigate and the uses to which the results of research are applied. But what about the actual doing of science? -/- As Science, Values, and Objectivity reveals, the connections and interactions between values and science are quite complex. The essays in this volume identify the crucial values that play a role (...)
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  7.  32
    Descartes's Changing Mind.Peter K. Machamer - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    This is the first book to focus on Descartes's changing views, and it is welcome."--Roger Ariew, University of South Florida.
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  8.  36
    Scientific Controversies: Philosophical and Historical Perspectives.Peter Machamer, Marcello Pera & Aristides Baltas (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Traditionally it has been thought that scientific controversies can always be resolved on the basis of empirical data. Recently, however, social constructionists have claimed that the outcome of scientific debates is strongly influenced by non-evidential factors such as the rhetorical prowess and professional clout of the participants. This volume of previously unpublished essays by well-known philosophers of science presents historical studies and philosophical analyses that undermine the plausibility of an extreme social constructionist perspective while also indicating the need for a (...)
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  9.  57
    Mechanistic Information and Causal Continuity.Jim Bogen & Peter Machamer - 2010 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
    Some biological processes move from step to step in a way that cannot be completely understood solely in terms of causes and correlations. This paper develops a notion of mechanistic information that can be used to explain the continuities of such processes. We compare them to processes that do not involve information. We compare our conception of mechanistic information to some familiar notions including Crick’s idea of genetic information, Shannon-Weaver information, and Millikan’s biosemantic information.
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  10.  32
    Newton and the Mechanical Philosophy: Gravitation as the Balance of the Heavens.Peter Machamer, J. E. Mcguire & Hylarie Kochiras - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):370-388.
    We argue that Isaac Newton really is best understood as being in the tradition of the Mechanical Philosophy and, further, that Newton saw himself as being in this tradition. But the tradition as Newton understands it is not that of Robert Boyle and many others, for whom the Mechanical Philosophy was defined by contact action and a corpuscularean theory of matter. Instead, as we argue in this paper, Newton interpreted and extended the Mechanical Philosophy's slogan “matter and motion” in reference (...)
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  11.  11
    The Challenge of Psychiatric Nosology and Diagnosis.Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Peter K. Machamer, Kenneth F. Schaffner & Rayito Rivera‐Hernández - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (3):704-709.
  12.  58
    Cognitive and Social Values.Peter Machamer & Heather Douglas - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (1):45-54.
  13. Neuroscience, Learning and the Return to Behaviorism.Peter K. Machamer - 2009 - In John Bickle (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 166--178.
  14.  28
    Perception, Realism, and the Problem of Reference.Athanassios Raftopoulos & Peter Machamer (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    One of the perennial themes in philosophy is the problem of our access to the world around us; do our perceptual systems bring us into contact with the world as it is or does perception depend upon our individual conceptual frameworks? This volume of new essays examines reference as it relates to perception, action and realism, and the questions which arise if there is no neutral perspective or independent way to know the world. The essays discuss the nature of referring, (...)
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  15.  16
    Activities and Causation.Peter Machamer - unknown
    This paper details the ontological and epistemic character of activties that occur in mechanisms. It explains why they are sufficient to handle the problems of causation.
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  16.  59
    Feyerabend and Galileo: The Interaction of Theories, and the Reinterpretation of Experience.Peter Machamer - 1973 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 4 (1):1-46.
  17. In Quest for Scientific Psychiatry: Toward Bridging the Explanatory Gap.Drozdstoj Stoyanov, Peter Machamer & Kenneth Schaffner - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):261-273.
    The contemporary epistemic status of mental health disciplines does not allow the cross validation of mental disorders among various genetic markers, biochemical pathway or mechanisms, and clinical assessments in neuroscience explanations. We attempt to provide a meta-empirical analysis of the contemporary status of the cross-disciplinary issues existing between neuro-biology and psychopathology. Our case studies take as an established medical mode an example cross validation between biological sciences and clinical cardiology in the case of myocardial infarction. This is then contrasted with (...)
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  18.  9
    A Model of Intelligibility in Science: Using Galileo's Balance as a Model for Understanding the Motion of Bodies.Peter Machamer & Andrea Woody - 1994 - Science & Education 3 (3):215-244.
  19.  2
    Theory and Method in the Neurosciences.Peter K. Machamer, Rick Grush & Peter Mclaughlin - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):584-588.
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  20.  1
    Descartes’s Changing Mind.Peter Machamer & J. E. McGuire - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (3):398-419.
    Descartes is always concerned about knowledge. However, the Galileo affair in 1633, the reactions to his Discourse on method, and later his need to reply to objections to his Meditations provoked crises in Descartes’s intellectual development the import of which has not been sufficiently recognized. These events are the major reasons why Descartes’s philosophical position concerning how we know and what we may know is radically different at the end of his life from what it was when he began. We (...)
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  21.  27
    Scientific Normativity as Non-Epistemic: A Hidden Kuhnian Legacy.Peter MacHamer & Lisa Osbeck - 2003 - Social Epistemology 17 (1):3 – 11.
  22.  22
    Philosophy of Science: An Overview for Educators.Peter Machamer - 1998 - Science & Education 7 (1):1-11.
  23.  89
    Rational Reconstructions Revised.Peter Machamer & Franccsca Di Poppa - 2001 - Theoria 16 (3):461-480.
    Imre Lakatos’ idea that history of science without philosophy of science is blind may still be given a plausible interpretation today, even though his theory of the methodology of scientific research programmes has been rejected. The latter theory captures neither rationality in science nor the sense in which history must be told in a rational fashion. Nonetheless, Lakatos was right in insisting that the discipline of history consists of written rational reconstructions. In this paper, we will examine possible ways to (...)
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  24. Motion and Time, Space and Matter.Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.) - 1976 - Ohio State University Press.
  25.  24
    Neuroscienze e natura della filosofia.Peter Machamer & Justin Sytsma - 2005 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 18 (3):495-514.
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  26. Some Cogitations on Interpretations.Peter Machamer - 2010 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Interpretation: Ways of Thinking About the Sciences and the Arts. University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  27.  22
    Daniela Bailer‐Jones, 1969–2006.Peter Machamer - 2007 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (2):211 – 212.
  28.  1
    Index.J. E. McGuire & Peter Machamer - 2009 - In J. E. McGuire & Peter Machamer (eds.), Descartes's Changing Mind. Princeton University Press. pp. 251-258.
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  29.  4
    Galileo Galilei.Peter Machamer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  30.  66
    Explaining Mechanisms.Peter Machamer - unknown
    An overview of how mechanisms work in explanations.
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  31.  7
    The Concept of the Individual an D the Idea (L) of Method in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy.Peter Machamer - 2000 - In Peter K. Machamer, Marcello Pera & Aristeidēs Baltas (eds.), Scientific Controversies: Philosophical and Historical Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 81.
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  32.  34
    Rendering Clinical Psychology an Evidence‐Based Scientific Discipline: A Case Study.Drozdstoj St Stoyanov, Peter K. Machamer & Kenneth F. Schaffner - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):149-154.
  33. Perception, Conception, and the Limits of the Direct Theory.Peter Machamer & Lisa Osbeck - 2002 - In R. E. Auxier & L. E. Hahn (eds.), The Philosophy of Marjorie Grene. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court. pp. 29--129.
  34.  3
    Aristotle on Natural Place and Natural Motion.Peter K. Machamer - 1978 - Isis 69 (3):377-387.
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  35. For Philosophy of Science, and European Cultural Center of Delphi. The Topic of the Symposium, Convened at the European Cultural Center of Delphi, Was Forms of Proof and Demonstration in Philosophy and Science. These Symposia Are Held Every Two Years in Greece in Recognition of Athens as the Birthplace of Western Philosophy (All of Them Supported By. [REVIEW]Aristides Baltas & Peter Machamer - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (3).
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  36.  13
    Rational Reconstructions Revised.Peter Machamer & Franccsca Di Poppa - 2001 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 16 (3):461-480.
    Imre Lakatos’ idea that history of science without philosophy of science is blind may still be given a plausible interpretation today, even though his theory of the methodology of scientific research programmes has been rejected. The latter theory captures neither rationality in science nor the sense in which history must be told in a rational fashion. Nonetheless, Lakatos was right in insisting that the discipline of history consists of written rational reconstructions. In this paper, we will examine possible ways to (...)
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  37. Please Scroll Down for Article.Peter Machamer - unknown
    This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden.
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  38.  29
    Philosophy and the Brain Sciences.Peter Machamer & Justin Sytsma - 2009 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 1 (2):353-374.
    What are the differences between philosophy and science, or between the methods of philosophy and the methods of science? Unlike some philosophers we do not find philosophy and the methods of philosophy to be sui generis. Science, and in particular neuroscience, has much to tell us about the nature of the world and the concepts that we must use to understand and explain it. Yet science cannot function well without reflective analysis of the concepts, methods, and practices that constitute it. (...)
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  39. Causality and Explanation in Descartes' Natural Philosophy.Peter Machamer - 1976 - In Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.), Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press. pp. 168--199.
     
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  40.  16
    Freedom, Information and Privacy.Peter Machamer & Barbara Boylan - 1993 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 12 (3):47-68.
  41.  20
    Kitcher and the Achievement of Science. [REVIEW]Peter Machamer - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):629-636.
  42.  18
    Art and Morality.Peter K. Machamer & George W. Roberts - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (4):515-519.
  43.  23
    Knowing Causes: Descartes on the World of Matter.Peter K. Machamer, James E. McGuire & Justin Sytsma - 2005 - Philosophica 76.
    In this essay, we discuss how Descartes arrives at his mature view of material causation. Descartes’ position changes over time in some very radical ways. The last section spells out his final position as to how causation works in the world of material objects. When considering Descartes’ causal theories, it is useful to distinguish between ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’ causation. The vertical perspective addresses God’s relation to creation. God is essential being, and every being other than God depends upon God in (...)
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  44.  11
    G. E. R. Lloyd. Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation. Viii + 214 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. $50. [REVIEW]Peter Machamer - 2011 - Isis 102 (3):553-554.
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  45.  18
    Recent Work on Perception.Peter K. Machamer - 1970 - American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (January):1-22.
  46.  20
    Wagner, Michael F. Neoplatonism and Nature: Studies in Plotinus' “Enneads”.Andrea Falcon & Peter Machamer - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):907-908.
  47.  33
    Session 5: Development, Neuroscience and Evolutionary Psychology.Steven Quartz, Jacqueline Anne Sullivan, Peter Machamer & Andrea Scarantino - unknown
    Proceedings of the Pittsburgh Workshop in History and Philosophy of Biology, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, March 23-24 2001 Session 5: Development, Neuroscience and Evolutionary Psychology.
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  48.  10
    Ethics and News.Peter Machamer & Barbara Boylan - 1990 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 9 (1):53-64.
  49.  15
    Clarity, Charity and Criticism, Wit, Wisdom and Worldliness: Avoiding Intellectual Impositions. [REVIEW]David Turnbull, Henry Krips, Val Dusek, Steve Fuller, Alan Sokal, Jean Bricmont, Alan Frost, Alan Chalmers, Anna Salleh, Alfred I. Tauber, Yvonne Luxford, Nicolaas Rupke, Steven French, Peter G. Brown, Hugh LaFollette & Peter Machamer - 2000 - Metascience 9 (3):347-498.
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  50.  11
    Titles and Abstracts for the Pitt-London Workshop in the Philosophy of Biology and Neuroscience: September 2001.Karen Arnold, James Bogen, Ingo Brigandt, Joe Cain, Paul Griffiths, Catherine Kendig, James Lennox, Alan C. Love, Peter Machamer, Jacqueline Sullivan, Gianmatteo Mameli, Sandra D. Mitchell, David Papineau, Karola Stotz & D. M. Walsh - manuscript
    Titles and abstracts for the Pitt-London Workshop in the Philosophy of Biology and Neuroscience: September 2001.
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