Results for 'Jacob Rosenthal'

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  1.  41
    The Natural-Range Conception of Probability.Jacob Rosenthal - 2009 - In Gerhard Ernst & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.), Time, Chance and Reduction: Philosophical Aspects of Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 71--90.
    Objective interpretations of probability are usually discussed in two varieties: frequency and propensity accounts. But there is a third, neglected possibility, namely, probabilities as deriving from ranges in suitably structured initial state spaces. Roughly, the probability of an event is the proportion of initial states that lead to this event in the space of all possible initial states, provided that this proportion is approximately the same in any not too small interval of the initial state space. This idea can also (...)
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  2.  46
    Probabilities as Ratios of Ranges in Initial-State Spaces.Jacob Rosenthal - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (2):217-236.
    A proposal for an objective interpretation of probability is introduced and discussed: probabilities as deriving from ranges in suitably structured initial-state spaces. Roughly, the probability of an event on a chance trial is the proportion of initial states that lead to the event in question within the space of all possible initial states associated with this type of experiment, provided that the proportion is approximately the same in any not too small subregion of the space. This I would like to (...)
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  3. Determinismus und Rationalität.Jacob Rosenthal - 2006 - Facta Philosophica 8 (1-2):193-206.
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  4.  13
    On Lehrer'S Solution to the Gettier Problem.Jacob Rosenthal - 2003 - In Olsson Erik (ed.), The Epistemology of Keith Lehrer. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 253--259.
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  5.  3
    Libertarianism and the Problem of Clear Cases.Jacob Rosenthal - 2019 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 96 (4):518-540.
    New varieties of libertarianism connect not only free will and moral responsibility to indeterminism, but also agency and choice as such. In this paper, the author highlights what seems to be an embarrassment for all libertarian accounts, but especially for the ones just mentioned. The problem is brought out by clear cases of decisions in which there are strong and rather obvious reasons for one of the options and only relatively weak ones in favour of the alternatives. It is hard (...)
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  6.  19
    Einige Bemerkungen zum Gettier-Problem.Jacob Rosenthal - 2001 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 55 (4):540 - 555.
    Der Aufsatz stellt einige Überlegungen zu internalistischen Lösungsversuchen für das sog. Gettier-Problem an. Dieses Problem besteht darin, daß die klassische Definition von Wissen als gerechtfertigte wahre Meinung unzureichend ist. Ausgehend von naheliegenden Ideen, die an wohlbekannten Beispielen scheitern, unterbreite ich einen eigenen Vorschlag zur Lösung des Problems. Anschließend diskutiere ich den prominenten Ansatz von Keith Lehrer und zeige seine Unzulänglichkeit, aber auch, wie er modifiziert werden kann, um eine befriedigende Lösung des Gettier-Problems zu ergeben. Externalistische Analysen des Wissensbegriffs, die als (...)
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  7.  33
    Johannes von Kries’s Range Conception, the Method of Arbitrary Functions, and Related Modern Approaches to Probability.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):151-170.
    A conception of probability that can be traced back to Johannes von Kries is introduced: the “Spielraum” or range conception. Its close connection to the so-called method of arbitrary functions is highlighted. Possible interpretations of it are discussed, and likewise its scope and its relation to certain current interpretations of probability. Taken together, these approaches form a class of interpretations of probability in its own right, but also with its own problems. These, too, are introduced, discussed, and proposals in response (...)
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  8.  25
    Die Propensity-Theorie der Wahrscheinlichkeit.Jacob Rosenthal - 2006 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 60 (2):241 - 268.
    In diesem Aufsatz gebe ich eine Darstellung und kritische Bewertung der sog. Propensity-Theorie der Wahrscheinlichkeit. Diese konzipiert Wahrscheinlichkeiten als reale „Neigungen“ oder „Tendenzen“ experimenteller Arrangements zur Hervorbringung bestimmter Resultate. Damit gibt sie Wahrscheinlichkeitsaussagen eine objektive, ontologische Interpretation. Ihre Konkurrenten in diesem Feld sind die Häufigkeitstheorie, der zufolge sich Wahrscheinlichkeitsaussagen auf relative Häufigkeiten, und die Symmetrieauffassung, der zufolge sie sich auf Symmetrieverhältnisse beziehen. Ich diskutiere kurz und grundsätzlich diese Alternativen und versuche zu verdeutlichen, wie sie von selbst zur Propensity-Theorie hinführen, um (...)
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  9.  3
    Muhammad Ali Khalidi: Natural Categories and Human Kinds. Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences.Carsten Seck & Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):247-255.
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  10.  8
    7. Willensfreiheit.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 91-95.
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  11.  8
    Johannes von Kries's Conception of Probability, its Roots, Impact, and Modern Developments: Introduction.Jacob Rosenthal & Carsten Seck - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):105-107.
  12.  6
    8. Willensfreiheit und das Körper-Geist-Problem.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 96-110.
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  13.  5
    12. Überlegen und Determinismus.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 189-215.
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  14.  5
    6. Determinismus und Gesetzmäßigkeit.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 83-90.
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  15.  5
    9. Gründe und Ursachen.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 111-118.
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  16.  5
    14. Verantwortung und Determinismus.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 227-270.
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  17.  4
    4. Determinismus und Kausalität.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 47-63.
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  18.  4
    16. Spezifische libertarische Ansätze und das Zufallsproblem.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 286-309.
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  19.  4
    17. Zur Frage des Indeterminismus in unserer Welt.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 310-318.
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  20.  6
    Philippa Foot: Die Natur des Guten.Jacob Rosenthal - 2007 - Philosophische Rundschau 54 (3):273 - 277.
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  21.  3
    18. Beweislastverschiebung.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 319-326.
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  22.  3
    5. Determinismus und Vorhersehbarkeit.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 64-82.
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  23.  3
    Fazit.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 327-333.
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  24.  3
    Index.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 345-350.
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  25.  3
    Literatur.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 334-344.
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  26.  3
    3. Theoretisches und praktisches Überlegen.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 29-46.
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  27.  2
    Einleitung.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 1-4.
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  28.  2
    2. Entschlüsse und Entscheidungen.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 16-28.
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  29.  2
    1. Handlungen.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 7-15.
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  30.  2
    10. Handeln und Determinismus.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 122-131.
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  31.  2
    15. Libertarische Konzeptionen: Grundsätzliche Bedenken.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 276-285.
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  32.  2
    13. Normativität und Determinismus.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 216-226.
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  33. Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus.Jacob Rosenthal - unknown
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  34. 11. Entscheiden und Determinismus.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - In Entscheidung, Rationalität Und Determinismus. De Gruyter. pp. 132-188.
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  35. Zur Reichweite des moralischen Kontraktualismus: Überlegungen am Beispiel von David Gauthier und Peter Stemmer.Jacob Rosenthal - 2009 - Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 95 (4):474-489.
    Contractualism, the view that morality is to be grounded on an hypothetical agreement among rational agents, is a very plausible conception for the justification of morality under modern circumstances. No metaphysical assumptions are made, morality is supposed to be erected on undisputed, minimal foundations. However, contractualists generally underestimate or downplay the degree to which their idea allows to convert might into right. This is shown exemplarily by an examination of the conceptions of David Gauthier and Peter Stemmer. A more realistic (...)
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  36.  43
    Modern Philosophy in France: A Discussion with Pierre Jacob and Pascal Engel.Pierre Jacob, Pascal Engel, Kim Davis, Jonathan Leigh-Pemberton & Simon Whiteside - 1987 - Cogito 1 (3):21-23.
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  37.  36
    Defining Evil Away: Arendt's Forgiveness: Abigail L. Rosenthal.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (2):155-174.
    Arendt claims that evil is banal and its perpetrators merely shallow. Deliberate evil she takes to be extremely rare. However, nonrare examples of deliberate evil, whose aim is to spoil one's story, abound in everyday life. Arendt also makes forgiveness personal, not requiring repentance. This prompts a consideration of certain personal relations among philosophers. Heidegger's relation to Husserl shows a betrayal of teacher by student. His seductive and philosophic power over Arendt, a betrayal of student by teacher, should not be (...)
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  38.  87
    The Rosenthal-Sellars Correspondence on Intentionality.David M. Rosenthal & Wilfrid S. Sellars - 1972 - In Ausonio Marras (ed.), Intentionality, Mind and Language. University of Illinois Press.
    In response to your kind offer to read through portions of the typescript of my thesis pertaining to your views on intentionality, I am sending you a copy of an introductory section to such a chapter.{1} The enclosed typescript represents a first draft, for which I apologize, but I thought it might be useful to get any comments you might have in at the ground floor, so to speak.
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  39.  30
    Pragmatism's Shared Metaphysical Vision: A Symposium on Sandra B. Rosenthal's "Speculative Pragmatism".Andrew J. Reck, John E. Smith & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1987 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 23 (3):341 - 380.
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  40.  16
    Henry M. Rosenthal 1906-1977.Joan Stambaugh, James L. Muyskens & Abigail Rosenthal - 1978 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 51 (5):583 - 584.
  41. Cusanus the Theologian / by E.F. Jacob.E. F. Jacob - 1937 - Manchester University Press.
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  42. AHLBRANDT, G. And ZIEGLER, M., Quasi Finitely Axiomatiz-Able Totally Categorical Theories ASH, CJ and ROSENTHAL, JW, Intersections of Algebraically Closed Fields BAUDISCH, A., On Elementary Properties of Free Lie Algebras. [REVIEW]Jw Rosenthal & A. S. H. Cj - 1986 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 30:321.
  43. Judaism, Philosophy, Culture Selected Studies by E.I.J. Rosenthal.Erwin Isak Jakob Rosenthal & Oliver Leaman - 2001
     
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  44. State Consciousness Revisited.Pierre Jacob - 1996 - Acta Analytica 11 (16):29-54.
    I try to reconcile Dretske's representational theory of conscious mental states with Rosenthal's higher-order thought theory of conscious mental states by arguing that Rosenthal's HOT can make room for the notion of a state of consciousness whereby an invidual may be conscious of an object or property without thereby being conscious of being in such a state.
     
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  45.  95
    Interpersonal Expectancy Effects: The First 345 Studies.Robert Rosenthal & Donald B. Rubin - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):377-386.
  46. Conversions a Philosophic Memoir.Abigail L. Rosenthal - 1994
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  47. Consciousness and Mind.David Rosenthal - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Consciousness and Mind presents David Rosenthal's influential work on the nature of consciousness. Central to that work is Rosenthal's higher-order-thought theory of consciousness, according to which a sensation, thought, or other mental state is conscious if one has a higher-order thought that one is in that state. The first four essays develop various aspects of that theory. The next three essays present Rosenthal's homomorphism theory of mental qualities and qualitative consciousness, and show how that theory fits with (...)
  48.  16
    C. I. Lewis in Focus: The Pulse of Pragmatism.Sandra B. Rosenthal - 2007 - Indiana University Press.
    C. I. Lewis was one of the most important thinkers of his generation. In this book, Sandra B. Rosenthal explores Lewis’s philosophical vision, and links his thought to the traditions of classical American pragmatism. Tracing Lewis’s influences, she explains the central concepts informing his thinking and how he developed a unique and practical vision of the human experience. She shows how Lewis contributed to the enrichment and expansion of pragmatism, opening new paths of constructive dialogue with other traditions. This (...)
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  49.  9
    The Era of Choice: The Ability to Choose and its Transformation of Contemporary Life.Edward C. Rosenthal - 2006 - Bradford.
    Today most of us are awash with choices. The cornucopia of material goods available to those of us in the developed world can turn each of us into a kid in a candy store; but our delight at picking the prize is undercut by our regret at lost opportunities. And what's the criterion for choosing anything -- material, spiritual, the path taken or not taken -- when we have lost our faith in everything? In The Era of Choice Edward (...) argues that choice, and having to make choices, has become the most important influence in both our personal lives and our cultural expression. Choice, he claims, has transformed how we live, how we think, and who we are.This transformation began in the nineteenth century, catalyzed by the growing prosperity of the Industrial Age and a diminishing faith in moral and scientific absolutes. The multiplicity of choices forces us to form oppositions; this, says Rosenthal, has spawned a keen interest in dualism, dilemmas, contradictions, and paradoxes. In response, we have developed mechanisms to hedge, compromise, and to synthesize. Rosenthal looks at the scientific and philosophical theories and cultural movements that choice has influenced -- from physics to postmodernism, from Disney trailers to multiculturalism. He also reveals the effect of choice on the personal level, where we grapple with decisions that range from which wine to have with dinner to whether to marry or divorce, as we hurtle through lives of instant gratification, accelerated consumption, trend, change, and speed. But we have discovered, writes Rosenthal, that sometimes, we can have our cake and eat it, too. (shrink)
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  50. New Myth, New World: From Nietzsche to Stalinism.Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal - 2002 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    The Nazis' use and misuse of Nietzsche is well known. The Superman, the "will to power," Nietzsche's equation of bourgeois democracy and decadence, and his denigration of reason were staples of Nazi propaganda. Communists also used and misused Nietzsche, but that fact is largely unknown because Soviet propagandists invoked reason and labeled Nietzsche the "philosopher of fascism," even while covertly appropriating his ideas. In this pioneering book, Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal excavates the trail of long-obscured Nietzschean ideas that took root (...)
     
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