Results for 'Howard Smokler'

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  1. The Equivalence Condition.Howard Smokler - 1967 - American Philosophical Quarterly 4 (4):300 - 307.
  2.  39
    Are Theories of Rationality Empirically Testable?Howard Smokler - 1990 - Synthese 82 (2):297 - 306.
    Since rationality is a normative ideal, it is difficult to see how a theory of rationality might be subjected to empirical evaluation. This paper explores various aspects of this problem in relation to the work of L. J. Cohen, Amos Tversky and Daviel Kahneman, Ellery Eells, Isaac Levi, and Henry Kyburg. Special consideration is given to its significance for testing systems of inductive logic.
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  3.  37
    Institutional Rationality: The Complex Norms of Science.Howard Smokler - 1983 - Synthese 57 (2):129 - 138.
    The claim is made that the norms for justified belief in science require a complex structure of practices and institutional arrangements, that these arrangements have a history which, at crucial junctures, are subject to severe stress, that such severe stress puts at issue the whole epistemic structure of science, and that at present science faces one of these periods, and its future is in doubt.
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  4.  30
    Single-Case Propensities, Modality, and Confirmation.Howard Smokler - 1979 - Synthese 40 (3):497 - 506.
  5.  17
    The Collapse of Modal Distinctions in Probabilistic Contexts.Howard Smokler - 1979 - Theoria 45 (1):1-7.
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  6.  34
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Howard Smokler, R. Harré & Risto Hilpinen - 1971 - Synthese 23 (2-3):327-346.
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  7.  4
    Conflicting Concepts of Confirmation.Howard Smokler - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (10):300-312.
  8.  10
    Induction, Probability, and Causation. [REVIEW]Howard Smokler - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy 67 (2):45-49.
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  9.  25
    Informational Content: A Problem of Definition.Howard Smokler - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (8):201-211.
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  10.  24
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Béla Juhos & Howard Smokler - 1966 - Synthese 16 (1):107-122.
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  11.  15
    Three Grades of Probabilistic Involvement.Howard Smokler - 1977 - Philosophical Studies 32 (2):129 - 142.
    Though it has become a commonplace that probabilistic contexts are intentional, the precise sense in which this is true has never, to my knowledge, been stated. By making use of a relatively non-controversial set of distinctions regarding the grades of modal involvement, I am able to state more exactly than has been done previously the grade of intensionality which probability statements have prima facie. The distinctions I employ are, with certain qualifications, those introduced by Quine in his wellknown paper, Three (...)
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  12.  12
    Semantical Questions in Carnap's Inductive Logic.Howard Smokler - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (2):129-135.
  13.  5
    Consistency and Rationality: A Comment.Howard Smokler - 1965 - Journal of Philosophy 62 (3):77-80.
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  14.  8
    W. K. Clifford's Conception of Geometry.Howard Smokler - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (64):244-257.
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  15.  3
    A Bayesian Theory of Thought.Howard Smokler - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):505.
  16.  4
    Goodman's Paradox and the Problem of Rules of Acceptance.Howard Smokler - 1966 - American Philosophical Quarterly 3 (1):71 - 76.
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  17.  2
    Assessing Inductive Logics Empirically.Howard Smokler - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:525 - 535.
    I argue, in opposition, to the traditional approach that systematic psychological inquiry of a type frequently practiced by people like Edwards, Kahneman and Tversky, and Schum is relevant to the choice of the best inductive logic. In the paper, I present some provisional arguments against the traditional view and sketch some of the relevant evidence. This effort is made with the aim of aiding the development of a naturalistic epistemology.
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  18. M. Swain , "Induction, Acceptance, and Rational Belief".Howard Smokler - 1971 - Synthese 23 (2/3):327.
     
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  19. Nicholas Rescher , "Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel".Howard Smokler - 1971 - Synthese 23 (2/3):335.
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  20.  96
    Michael W. Howard -- Utopianism and Nuclear Deterrence.M. W. Howard - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):53-65.
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  21. Reviews : Mickael W. Howard -- From Commodity Fetishism to Market Socialism: Critical Notes on Stanley Moore.M. W. Howard - 1980 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 7 (2):184-214.
  22.  14
    Moral Development and Ego Identity: A Clarification by Dick Howard.D. Howard - 1976 - Télos 1976 (27):176-182.
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  23. The Beauties of Locke, Selections, by A. Howard.John Locke & Alfred Howard - 1825
     
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  24. Entropy a New World View /by Jeremy Rifkin with Ted Howard ; Afterword by Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen. --. --.Jeremy Rifkin & Ted Howard - 1980 - Viking Press, 1980.
  25. The Formulæ-as-Types Notion of Construction.W. A. Howard - 1995 - In Philippe De Groote (ed.), The Curry-Howard Isomorphism. Academia.
     
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  26.  57
    The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited.Martin Carrier, Don Howard & Janet A. Kourany (eds.) - 2008 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    ISBN-13: 978-0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8229-4317-4 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Science — Philosophy. 2. Science — Social aspects. 3. Values. 4. Science and civilization. I. Carrier, Martin. II. Howard, Don, professor. III. Kourany ...
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  27. The Physics and Metaphysics of Identity and Individuality.Don Howard, Bas van Fraassen, Otávio Bueno, Elena Castellani, Laura Crosilla, Steven French & Décio Krause - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):225-251.
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Castellani, Department of Philosophy, University of Florence, Via Bolognese 52, (...)
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  28. Self-Management and the Crisis of Socialism: The Rose in the Fist of the Present.Michael W. Howard - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    While some conclude from the revolutions of 1989 that socialism is dead, interest in socialism continues because of persisting problems of contemporary capitalism. In this exciting text, Michael W. Howard offers critiques of liberal, communitarian, postmodern and some Marxist perspectives in order to develop a 'left-liberal' defense of a model of self-managed market socialism that includes a basic income for all. Specific applications of his view include analyses of its implications for the global marketplace, the changing nature of workplaces, (...)
     
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  29.  10
    The Last Barthes.Tzvetan Todorov & Richard Howard - 1981 - Critical Inquiry 7 (3):449-454.
    It was his mother's death which allowed [Roland] Barthes to write: "I looked through…" "To write on something is to forfeit it," Barthes used to say, reciprocally, it is licit to write on what is already dead, it was Barthes himself in one of his acceptations. His mother was for Barthes the internal order, who permitted both the external other and the I to exist. Once she was dead, his life was over and could therefore become the object of writing. (...)
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  30. Learning Privilege: Lessons of Power and Identity in Affluent Schooling.Adam Howard - 2007 - Routledge.
    How can teachers bridge the gap between their commitments to social justice and their day to day practice? This is the question author Adam Howard asked as he began teaching at an elite private school and the question that led him to conduct a six-year study on affluent schooling. Unfamiliar with the educational landscape of privilege and abundance, he began exploring the burning questions he had as a teacher on the _lessons _affluent students are taught in schooling about their (...)
     
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  31. The Development of the Marxian Dialectic.Dick Howard - 1972 - Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
    Beginning as a philosopher, Marx turned in the space of a few short years to the study of political economy and to revolutionary practice. Howard argues that this shift can be understood only in terms of an analysis of the theoretical development of the Marxian dialectic. In explicating the systematic aspects of Marx’s theory, Howard has gone anew to the primary sources, the writings of Marx himself and those of Hegel and the Young Hegelians. Howard thus provides (...)
     
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  32. The Specter of Democracy: What Marx and Marxists Haven't Understood and Why.Dick Howard - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this rethinking of Marxism and its blind spots, Dick Howard argues that the collapse of European communism in 1989 should not be identified with a victory for capitalism and makes possible a wholesale reevaluation of democratic politics in the U.S. and abroad. The author turns to the American and French Revolutions to uncover what was truly "revolutionary" about those events, arguing that two distinct styles of democratic life emerged, the implications of which were misinterpreted in light of the (...)
     
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  33. Who Invented the “Copenhagen Interpretation”? A Study in Mythology.Don Howard - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):669-682.
    What is commonly known as the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, regarded as representing a unitary Copenhagen point of view, differs significantly from Bohr's complementarity interpretation, which does not employ wave packet collapse in its account of measurement and does not accord the subjective observer any privileged role in measurement. It is argued that the Copenhagen interpretation is an invention of the mid‐1950s, for which Heisenberg is chiefly responsible, various other physicists and philosophers, including Bohm, Feyerabend, Hanson, and Popper, having (...)
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  34.  39
    Board Members in the Service Industry: An Empirical Examination of the Relationship Between Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation and Directorial Type. [REVIEW]Nabil A. Ibrahim, Donald P. Howard & John P. Angelidis - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):393 - 401.
    One area of business performance of particular interest to both scholars and practitioners is corporate social responsibility. The notion that organizations should be attentive to the needs of constituents other than shareholders has been investigated and vigorously debated for over two decades. This has provoked an especially rich and diverse literature investigating the relationship between business and society. As a result, researchers have urged the study of the profiles and backgrounds of corporate upper echelons in order to better understand this (...)
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  35. Some Eighteenth-Century 'Restored' Boxers.Seymour Howard - 1993 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 56:238-255.
  36.  39
    Implicit Probabilistic Sequence Learning is Independent of Explicit Awareness.Sunbin Song, Howard Jr, James H. & Darlene V. Howard - 2007 - Learning and Memory 14 (1-6):167-176.
  37. Definitions of Compact.Paul E. Howard - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (2):645-655.
  38.  18
    Transfinite Induction and Bar Induction of Types Zero and One, and the Role of Continuity in Intuitionistic Analysis.W. A. Howard & G. Kreisel - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (3):325-358.
  39. Definitions of Compactness and the Axiom of Choice.Omar De la Cruz, Eric Hall, Paul Howard, Jean E. Rubin & Adrienne Stanley - 2002 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (1):143-161.
    We study the relationships between definitions of compactness in topological spaces and the roll the axiom of choice plays in these relationships.
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  40.  19
    Abductive Analysis: Theorizing Qualitative Research by Iddo Tavory, Stefan Timmermans.Niiniluoto Ilkka - 2017 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 53 (1):152-154.
    Charles S. Peirce’s conception of abductive reasoning became a hot topic in the philosophy of science after World War II, when N. R. Hanson suggested that abduction is a logic of discovery, Gilbert Harman argued that all types of inductive reasoning can be reduced to inference to the best explanation, and Howard Smokler suggested that abduction as inverse deduction is an important method of confirmation. Abduction has been a popular theme also in Artificial Intelligence. Illustrations and examples of (...)
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  41.  14
    Ordinal Analysis of Simple Cases of Bar Recursion.W. A. Howard - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (1):17-30.
  42.  65
    The Contexts of Philosophy of Science.Alan W. Richardson & Don Howard - 2003 - Perspectives on Science 11 (1):1-2.
  43.  22
    Subgroups of a Free Group and the Axiom of Choice.Paul E. Howard - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (2):458-467.
  44.  63
    The Convertibility of Symbols: A Reply to Goodman's Critics.V. A. Howard - 1975 - British Journal of Aesthetics 15 (3):207-216.
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  45.  95
    On Musical Expression.V. A. Howard - 1971 - British Journal of Aesthetics 11 (3):268-280.
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  46.  19
    A Quantitative Safety Assessment Model for Transgenic Protein Products Produced in Agricultural Crops.John A. Howard & Kirby C. Donnelly - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (6):545-558.
    Transgenic plants are now being used to develop pharmaceutical and industrial products in addition to their use in crop improvement. Using confinement requirements, these transgenic plants are grown and processed under conditions that prevent intermixing with commodity crops. Regulatory agencies in the United States have provided guidance of zero tolerance of these new industrial crops with commodity crops. While this is a worthy goal, it is theoretically unattainable. In spite of the best containment practices, there is a potential risk using (...)
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  47.  26
    Libertarianism, Worker Ownership, and Wage Slavery: A Critique of Ellerman's Labor Theory of Property.Michael W. Howard - 2003 - Journal of Social Philosophy 34 (2):169–187.
  48.  85
    The Axiom of Choice for Well-Ordered Families and for Families of Well- Orderable Sets.Paul Howard & Jean E. Rubin - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1115-1117.
    We show that it is not possible to construct a Fraenkel-Mostowski model in which the axiom of choice for well-ordered families of sets and the axiom of choice for sets are both true, but the axiom of choice is false.
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  49.  17
    A System of Abstract Constructive Ordinals.W. A. Howard - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (2):355-374.
  50.  30
    Souza Filho, Hildo M. De, the Adoption of Sustainable Agricultural Technologies.I. Howard - 1998 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 11 (2):155-158.
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