Results for 'Marshall Thomsen'

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  1.  31
    A Course Treating Ethical Issues in Physics.Marshall Thomsen - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):117-127.
    A course focusing on ethical issues in physics has been taught to undergraduate students at Eastern Michigan University since 1988. The course covers both responsible conduct of research and ethical issues associated with how physicists interact with the rest of society. Since most undergraduate physics majors will not have a career in academia, it is important that a course such as this address issues that will be relevant to physicists in a wide range of job situations. There is a wealth (...)
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  2.  32
    The Effectiveness of the Erratum in Avoiding Error Propagation in Physics.Marshall Thomsen & D. Resnik - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):231-240.
    The propagation of errors in physics research is studied, with particular attention being paid to the effectiveness of the erratum in avoiding error propagation. We study the citation history of 17 physics papers which have significant errata associated with them. It would appear that the existence of an erratum does not significantly decrease the frequency with which a paper is cited and in most cases the erratum isnot cited along with the original paper. The authors comment on implications for the (...)
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  3.  48
    Should Physics Students Take a Course in Ethics?—Physicists Respond.Marshall Thomsen - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):473-486.
    A survey was conducted of a subset of the physics community in order to gain insight into attitudes towards integrating ethics into the physics curriculum. The results indicated significant support among some groups for such an integration yet also revealed significant barriers to this process. Respondents were also asked to suggest topics which should be covered under the heading of ethical issues in physics. The great variety of results indicates both that there are many issues worth investigating and that many (...)
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  4.  2
    The Ground State of XY Chains with Nearest and Next-Nearest Neighbour Interactions.Marshall Thomsen - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (1-3):160-167.
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  5.  65
    SMEs and CSR in Developing Countries.Søren Jeppesen, Peter Lund-Thomsen & Dima Jamali - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (1):11-22.
    This article is the guest editors’ introduction to the special issue in Business & Society on “SMEs and CSR in Developing Countries.” The special issue includes four original research articles by Hamann, Smith, Tashman, and Marshall; Allet; Egels-Zandén; and Puppim de Oliveira and Jabbour on various aspects of the relationship of small and medium enterprises to corporate social responsibility in developing countries.
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  6. What Is the Bearing of Thinking on Doing?Marshall Bierson & John Schwenkler - forthcoming - In Adrian Haddock & Rachael Wiseman (eds.), The Anscombean Mind. Routledge.
    What a person is doing often depends on that person’s thought about what they are doing, or about the wider circumstances of their action. For example, whether my killing is murder or manslaughter depends, in part, on whether I understand that what I am doing is killing you, and on whether I understand that my killing is unjustified. Similarly, if I know that the backpack I am taking is yours, then my taking it may be an act of theft; but (...)
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  7. Corporate Social Responsibility in Global Value Chains: Where Are We Now and Where Are We Going?Peter Lund-Thomsen & Adam Lindgreen - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 123 (1):1-12.
    We outline the drivers, main features, and conceptual underpinnings of the compliance paradigm. We then use a similar structure to investigate the drivers, main features, and conceptual underpinnings of the cooperative paradigm for working with CSR in global value chains. We argue that the measures proposed in the new cooperation paradigm are unlikely to alter power relationships in global value chains and bring about sustained improvements in workers’ conditions in developing country export industries. After that, we provide a critical appraisal (...)
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  8. Rethinking Geographical Inquiry Essays by John U. Marshall ... [Et Al.].J. David Wood, John U. Marshall & Atkinson College - 1982
     
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  9.  16
    Response to the Review Symposium on Reading Plato’s Dialogues to Enhance Learning and Inquiry: Exploring Socrates’ Use of Protreptic for Student Engagement.Mason Marshall - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-7.
  10.  63
    Voluntary Participation and Comprehension of Informed Consent in a Genetic Epidemiological Study of Breast Cancer in Nigeria.Patricia A. Marshall, Clement A. Adebamowo, Adebowale A. Adeyemo, Temidayo O. Ogundiran, Teri Strenski, Jie Zhou & Charles N. Rotimi - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):38.
    Studies on informed consent to medical research conducted in low or middle-income settings have increased, including empirical investigations of consent to genetic research. We investigated voluntary participation and comprehension of informed consent among women involved in a genetic epidemiological study on breast cancer in an urban setting of Nigeria comparing women in the case and control groups.
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  11.  13
    The Collection of Ancient Greek Inscriptions in the British Museum. Part Iv: Knidos, Halikarnassos and Branchidae. By Gustav Hirschfeld, Sometime Professor in the University of Königsberg. Supplementary and Miscellaneous Inscriptions, by F. H. Marshall, M.A., Fellow and Lecturer of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, Formerly Assistant in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities. Pp. 301. Printed by Order of the Trustees at the Clarendon Press, Oxford: 1893–1916. [REVIEW]Edward Lincoln, Gustav Hirschfeld & F. H. Marshall - 1916 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 36:404-405.
  12.  15
    Julius Thomsen and Classical Thermochemistry.Helge Kragh - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (3):255-272.
    Classical thermochemistry is inextricably bound up with the problem of chemical affinity. In 1851, when Julius Thomsen began his career in thermochemistry, the concept of chemical affinity had been in the centre of chemical enquiry for more than a century. In spite of many suggestions, preferably to explain affinity in terms of electrical or gravitational forces, almost nothing was known about the cause and nature of affinity. In this state of puzzling uncertainty some chemists felt it more advantageous to (...)
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  13.  54
    The Polis and its Analogues in the Thought of Hannah Arendt: David L. Marshall.David L. Marshall - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):123-149.
    Criticized as a nostalgic anachronism by those who oppose her version of political theory and lauded as symbol of direct democratic participation by those who favor it, the Athenian polis features prominently in Hannah Arendt's account of politics. This essay traces the origin and development of Arendt's conception of the polis as a space of appearance from the early 1950s onward. It makes particular use of the Denktagebuch, Arendt's intellectual diary, in order to shed new light on the historicity of (...)
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  14.  21
    Julius Thomsen and 19th-Century Speculations on the Complexity of Atoms.Helge Kragh - 1982 - Annals of Science 39 (1):37-60.
    In the history of chemistry, the Danish chemist Julius Thomsen is best known for his contributions to thermochemistry. Throughout his life, he was a pronounced atomist and a tireless advocate of neo-Proutian views as to the constitution of matter. On many occasions, especially in his later years, he engaged in speculations concerning the unity of matter and the complexity of atoms. In this engagement, Thomsen was alone in Danish chemistry, but his works were representative of a large number (...)
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  15.  60
    What Is Punishment?Frej Klem Thomsen - manuscript
    Since the middle of the 20th century, philosophers and legal scholars have debated the precise definition of punishment. This chapter surveys the debate, identifies six potential conditions of punishment, and critically reviews each of them: 1) the response condition, which holds that punishment must be in response to wrongdoing, 2) the culpability condition, which holds that punishment must be of a person morally responsible for wrongdoing, 3) the authority condition, which holds that punishment must be imposed by a relevant authority, (...)
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  16. Philosophische Wochenschrift und Litteraturzeitung.Anton Thomsen - 1906 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 11:143.
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  17. Verdenslitteraturens tidsligheder.Mads Rosendahl Thomsen - 2022 - Agora 40 (2-3):24-39.
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  18.  24
    Assessing the Impact of Public–Private Partnerships in the Global South: The Case of the Kasur Tanneries Pollution Control Project.Peter Lund-Thomsen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S1):57-78.
    This paper makes a contribution to ongoing debates about whether and how we can empirically assess the potential, limitations, and actual impacts of public-private partnerships in developing countries. Several United Nations and bilateral aid agencies have called for the development of impact assessment methodologies that can help clarify when, how, where, and for whom partnerships work. This paper scrutinizes some of the key assumptions underlying this debate, arguing that no objective ' truth' about the effects of PPPs can be discovered (...)
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  19.  8
    Industrial Clusters and Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing Countries: What We Know, What We Do Not Know, and What We Need to Know.Peter Lund-Thomsen, Adam Lindgreen & Joelle Vanhamme - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (1):9-24.
    This article provides a review of what we know, what we do not know, and what we need to know about the relationship between industrial clusters and corporate social responsibility in developing countries. In addition to the drivers of and barriers to the adoption of CSR initiatives, this study highlights key lessons learned from empirical studies of CSR initiatives that aimed to improve environmental management and work conditions and reduce poverty in local industrial districts. Academic work in this area remains (...)
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  20.  82
    Discrimination.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2017 - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
    The conceptualization and moral analysis of discrimination constitutes a burgeoning theoretical field, with a number of open problems and a rapidly developing literature. A central problem is how to define discrimination, both in its most basic direct sense and in the most prominent variations. A plausible definition of the basic sense of the word understands discrimination as disadvantageous differential treatment of two groups that is in some respect caused by the properties that distinguish the groups, but open questions remain on (...)
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  21.  20
    The Morality of Freedom.Ernest Marshall - 1994 - Noûs 28 (1):96-98.
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  22.  31
    Reweighing the Ethical Tradeoffs in the Involuntary Hospitalization of Suicidal Patients.Alex Dubov, Calvin Thomsen & Adam Borecky - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):71-83.
    Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and the second cause of death among those ages 15–24 years. The current standard of care for suicidality management often involves an involuntary hospitalization deemed necessary by the attending psychiatrist. The purpose of this article is to reexamine the ethical tradeoffs inherent in the current practice of involuntary psychiatric hospitalization for suicidal patients, calling attention to the often-neglected harms inherent in this practice and proposing a path for future (...)
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  23.  17
    Introduction: Special Issue on Business Partnerships for Development.Peter Lund-Thomsen & Darryl Reed - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S1):1-2.
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  24. Marshall and Parsons on ‘Intrinsic’.David Lewis Rae Langton - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):353-355.
    Dan Marshall and Josh Parsons note, correctly, that the property of being either a cube or accompanied by a cube is incorrectly classified as intrinsic under the definition we have given unless it turns out to be disjunctive. Whether it is disjunctive, under the definition we gave, turns on certain judgements of the relative naturalness of properties. They doubt the judgements of relative naturalness that would classify their property as disjunctive. We disagree. They also suggest that the whole idea (...)
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  25.  17
    CSR Institutionalized Myths in Developing Countries: An Imminent Threat of Selective Decoupling.Navjote Khara, Peter Lund-Thomsen & Dima Jamali - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (3):454-486.
    This article examines joint action initiatives among small- and medium-sized enterprises in the manufacturing industries in developing countries in the context of the ascendancy of corporate social responsibility and the proliferation of a variety of international accountability tools and standards. Through empirical fieldwork in the football manufacturing industry of Jalandhar in North India, the article documents how local cluster-based SMEs stay coupled with the global CSR agenda through joint CSR initiatives focusing on child labor. Probing further, however, also reveals patterns (...)
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  26.  24
    Reasons and Knowledge.Marshall Swain - 1981 - Cornell University Press.
  27.  1
    Intellectual History, Context, and Robert Brandom.David L. Marshall - forthcoming - Modern Intellectual History:1-14.
    What does it mean “to put an idea in context”? Does it mean explaining the idea as the effect of a certain set of causes? Or articulating the range of responses to an issue that are recognizably conventional in a particular place and time so that the force of any given response can be assessed? Something else? Intellectual historians answer this question about context in a variety of ways, but I think all would recognize that this is a particularly important (...)
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  28. Childhood Immunisation, Vaccine Hesitancy, and Pro-Vaccination Policy in High-Income Countries.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2017 - Psychology, Public Policy and Law.
    Increasing vaccine hesitancy among parents in high income countries and the resulting drop in early childhood immunisation constitute an important public health problem, and raise the issue of what policies might be taken to promote higher rates of vaccination. This article first outlines the background of the problem of increasing vaccine hesitancy. It then explores the pros and cons of three types of policy: 1) Interventions focused on increasing awareness of the benefits of vaccination while eliminating mistaken perceptions of risks. (...)
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  29.  23
    Science Denial, Post‐Truth and Our New Dark Age: Lee McIntyre Interviewed by Richard Marshall.Richard Marshall & Lee McIntyre - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (4-5):829-836.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  30.  30
    Marshall and Parsons on 'Intrinsic'.Rae Langton & David Lewis - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):353.
    Dan Marshall and Josh Parsons note, correctly. that the property of being either a cube or accompanied by a cube is incorrectly classified as intrinsic under the definition we have given unless it turns out to be disjunctive. Whether it is disjunctive, under the definition we gave, turns on certain judgements of the relative naturalness of properties. They doubt the judgements of relative naturalness that would classify their property as disjunctive. We disagree. They also suggest that the whole idea (...)
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  31.  24
    No Disrespect - But That Account Does Not Explain the Badness of Discrimination.Frej Klem Thomsen - forthcoming - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.
    The article explores one prominent account of what makes discrimination morally bad (when it is) – the disrespect-based account. The article first reviews and clarifies the account, arguing that it is most charitably understood as the claim that discrimination is morally bad when the discriminator gives lower weight to reasons grounded in the moral status of the discriminatee(s) in her decision-making. It then presents three challenges to the account, and reviews a recent argument in defense of it. The first challenge (...)
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  32.  11
    The Structure of Justification.Marshall Swain - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):968-970.
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  33.  97
    The Quantum Self.D. Zohar & I. N. Marshall - 1990 - Morrow.
  34.  20
    Special Issue on Industrial Clusters and Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing Countries.Peter Lund-Thomsen, Adam Lindgreen & Joelle Vanhamme - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (1):5-8.
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  35. Das Puttrichsche Kantbild.Anton Thomsen - 1906 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 11:292.
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  36.  16
    The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice.Sandra Marshall - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (179):254-256.
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  37. The Politics of Authenticity: Radical Individualism and the Emergence of Modern Society.Marshall Berman - 2009 - Verso.
    In this acclaimed exploration of the search for "authentic" individual identity, Marshall Berman explores the historical experiences and needs out of which this new radicalism arose. Focussing on eighteenth-century Paris, a time and place in which a distinctively modern form of society was just coming into its own, Berman shows how the ideal of authenticity—of a self that could organize the individual's energy and direct it toward his own happiness—articulated eighteenth-century man's deepest responses to this brave new world, and (...)
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  38.  25
    Death, Dissection and the Destitute (Review).Sharon Thomsen - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (2):312-314.
  39.  75
    Mechanistic Probability.Marshall Abrams - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):343-375.
    I describe a realist, ontologically objective interpretation of probability, "far-flung frequency (FFF) mechanistic probability". FFF mechanistic probability is defined in terms of facts about the causal structure of devices and certain sets of frequencies in the actual world. Though defined partly in terms of frequencies, FFF mechanistic probability avoids many drawbacks of well-known frequency theories and helps causally explain stable frequencies, which will usually be close to the values of mechanistic probabilities. I also argue that it's a virtue rather than (...)
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  40. The Teleological Account of Proportional Surveillance.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2020 - Res Publica (3):1-29.
    This article analyses proportionality as a potential element of a theory of morally justified surveillance, and sets out a teleological account. It draws on conceptions in criminal justice ethics and just war theory, defines teleological proportionality in the context of surveillance, and sketches some of the central values likely to go into the consideration. It then explores some of the ways in which deontologists might want to modify the account and illustrates the difficulties of doing so. Having set out the (...)
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  41.  4
    Hypothesis and Evidence in Psychoanalysis.Marshall Edelson - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (2):300-302.
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  42. Langton and Lewis on “Intrinsic”.Dan Marshall & Josh Parsons - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):347-351.
    In their paper “Defining ‘Intrinsic’” Rae Langton and David Lewis propose a definition of intrinsicality in terms of modality and naturalness. Their key idea, drawing on earlier work by Jaegwon Kim, was that an intrinsic property is one that is independent of accompaniment, which is to say that P is intrinsic iff the following four conditions are all met.
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  43. What Determines Biological Fitness? The Problem of the Reference Environment.Marshall Abrams - 2009 - Synthese 166 (1):21-40.
    Organisms' environments are thought to play a fundamental role in determining their fitness and hence in natural selection. Existing intuitive conceptions of environment are sufficient for biological practice. I argue, however, that attempts to produce a general characterization of fitness and natural selection are incomplete without the help of general conceptions of what conditions are included in the environment. Thus there is a "problem of the reference environment"—more particularly, problems of specifying principles which pick out those environmental conditions which determine (...)
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  44. How Do Natural Selection and Random Drift Interact?Marshall Abrams - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):666-679.
    One controversy about the existence of so called evolutionary forces such as natural selection and random genetic drift concerns the sense in which such “forces” can be said to interact. In this paper I explain how natural selection and random drift can interact. In particular, I show how population-level probabilities can be derived from individual-level probabilities, and explain the sense in which natural selection and drift are embodied in these population-level probabilities. I argue that whatever causal character the individual-level probabilities (...)
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  45. Ernst Hallier.Anton Thomsen - 1906 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 11:142.
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  46. Marshall–Olkin Extended Gumbel Type-II Distribution: Properties and Applications.Farwa Willayat, Naz Saud, Muhammad Ijaz, Anita Silvianita & Mahmoud El-Morshedy - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-23.
    Due to the advance computer technology, the use of probability distributions has been raised up to solve the real life problems. These applications are found in reliability engineering, computer sciences, economics, psychology, survival analysis, and some others. This study offers a new probability model called Marshall–Olkin Extended Gumbel Type-II which can model various shapes of the failure rate function. The proposed distribution is capable to model increasing, decreasing, reverse J-shaped, and upside down bathtub shapes of the failure rate function. (...)
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  47. Stealing Bread and Sleeping Beneath Bridges - Indirect Discrimination as Disadvantageous Equal Treatment.Frej Klem Thomsen - 2015 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (2):299-327.
    The article analyses the concept of indirect discrimination, arguing first that existing conceptualisations are unsatisfactory and second that it is best understood as equal treatment that is disadvantageous to the discriminatees because of their group-membership. I explore four ways of further refining the definition, arguing that only an added condition of moral wrongness is at once plausible and helpful, but that it entails a number of new problems that may outweigh its benefits. Finally, I suggest that the moral wrongness of (...)
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  48. Reasons and Knowledge.Marshall Swain - 1981 - Philosophy 57 (222):560-562.
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  49.  40
    Dirko Thomsen: 'Techne' als Metapher und als Begriff der sittlichen Einsicht: zum Verhältnis von Vernunft und Natur bei Platon und Aristoteles. (Alber-Reihe Praktische Philosophie 35.) Pp. 341. Freiburg and Munich: Karl Alber, 1990. DM 48. [REVIEW]Pamela M. Huby - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (01):186-187.
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  50. A Short History of Greek Philosophy / by John Marshall.John Marshall - 1891 - Percival & Co.
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