Results for 'Paul Sheldon Davies'

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  1.  51
    Subjects of the World: Darwin's Rhetoric and the Study of Agency in Nature.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2009 - University of Chicago Press.
    Being human while trying to scientifically study human nature confronts us with our most vexing problem. Efforts to explicate the human mind are thwarted by our cultural biases and entrenched infirmities; our first-person experiences as practical agents convince us that we have capacities beyond the reach of scientific explanation. What we need to move forward in our understanding of human agency, Paul Sheldon Davies argues, is a reform in the way we study ourselves and a long overdue (...)
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  2.  23
    Darwinizing Debunking Arguments.Paul Sheldon Davies - forthcoming - Ratio.
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  3.  8
    Norms of Nature. Naturalism and the Nature of Functions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2002 - Mind 111 (443):657-662.
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  4.  78
    Malfunctions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (1):19-38.
    A persistent boast of the historical approach to functions is that functional properties are normative. The claim is that a token trait retains its functional status even when it is defective, diseased, or damaged and consequently unable to perform the relevant task. This is because historical functional categories are defined in terms of some sort of historical success -- success in natural selection, typically -- which imposes a norm upon the performance of descendent tokens. Descendents thus are supposed to perform (...)
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  5.  78
    The Nature of Natural Norms: Why Selected Functions Are Systemic Capacity Functions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2000 - Noûs 34 (1):85–107.
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  6.  56
    Discovering the Functional Mesh: On the Methods of Evolutionary Psychology. [REVIEW]Paul Sheldon Davies - 1996 - Minds and Machines 6 (4):559-585.
    The aim of this paper is to clarify and critically assess the methods of evolutionary psychology, and offer a sketch of an alternative methodology. My thesis is threefold. (1) The methods of inquiry unique to evolutionary psychology rest upon the claim that the discovery of theadaptive functions of ancestral psychological capacities leads to the discovery of thepsychological functions of those ancestral capacities. (2) But this claim is false; in fact, just the opposite is true. We first must discover the psychological (...)
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  7.  40
    Logical Reasoning and Domain Specificity: A Critique of the Social Exchange Theory of Reasoning.Paul Sheldon Davies, James H. Fetzer & Thomas R. Foster - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):1-37.
    The social exchange theory of reasoning, which is championed by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, falls under the general rubric evolutionary psychology and asserts that human reasoning is governed by content-dependent, domain-specific, evolutionarily-derived algorithms. According to Cosmides and Tooby, the presumptive existence of what they call cheater-detection algorithms disconfirms the claim that we reason via general-purpose mechanisms or via inductively acquired principles. We contend that the Cosmides/Tooby arguments in favor of domain-specific algorithms or evolutionarily-derived mechanisms fail and that the notion (...)
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  8.  27
    Giving Reasons for What We Do.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2016 - Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (1):135-144.
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  9.  78
    'Defending' Direct Proper Functions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 1995 - Analysis 55 (4):299.
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  10.  62
    Sober on Brandon on Screening-Off and the Levels of Selection.Robert N. Brandon, Janis Antonovics, Richard Burian, Scott Carson, Greg Cooper, Paul Sheldon Davies, Christopher Horvath, Brent D. Mishler, Robert C. Richardson, Kelly Smith & Peter Thrall - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (3):475-486.
    Sober (1992) has recently evaluated Brandon's (1982, 1990; see also 1985, 1988) use of Salmon's (1971) concept of screening-off in the philosophy of biology. He critiques three particular issues, each of which will be considered in this discussion.
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  11.  55
    Troubles for Direct Proper Functions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 1994 - Noûs 28 (3):363-381.
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  12.  92
    Some Evolutionary Model or Other: Aspirations and Evidence in Evolutionary Psychology.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):83 – 97.
  13. The Physics of Downward Causation.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Sheldon Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press.
  14.  15
    The Excesses of Teleosemantics.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (sup1):117-137.
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  15.  64
    Preface: Evolutionary Theory in Cognitive Psychology. [REVIEW]Paul Sheldon Davies - 1996 - Minds and Machines 6 (4):445-462.
  16. Conceptual Conservatism : The Case of Normative Functions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 2009 - In Ulrich Krohs & Peter Kroes (eds.), Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives. MIT Press.
     
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  17.  35
    Does Past Selective Efficacy Matter to Psychology?Paul Sheldon Davies - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):513-514.
    Andrews et al. subscribe to the view that distinguishing selectionist from nonselectionist hypotheses – or, distinguishing adaptations from mere spandrels or exaptations – is important to the study of psychology. I offer three reasons for thinking that this view is false; that considerations of past selective efficacy have little to contribute to inquiry in psychology.
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  18.  53
    Deflating Consciousness: A Critical Review of Fred Dretske's Naturalizing the Mind.Paul Sheldon Davies - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (4):541-550.
    Fred Dretske asserts that the conscious or phenomenal experiences associated with our perceptual states—e.g. the qualitative or subjective features involved in visual or auditory states—are identical to properties that things have according to our representations of them. This is Dretske's version of the currently popular representational theory of consciousness . After explicating the core of Dretske's representational thesis, I offer two criticisms. I suggest that Dretske's view fails to apply to a broad range of mental phenomena that have rather distinctive (...)
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  19.  43
    Unmasking Self-Deception. [REVIEW]Paul Sheldon Davies - 2005 - Philosophia 32 (1-4):413-417.
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  20. The Conflict of Evolutionary Psychology.Paul Sheldon Davies - 1999 - In Valerie Gray Hardcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology. MIT Press.
     
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  21.  48
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Joseph Agassi, Dorit Bar-on, D. S. Clarke, Paul Sheldon Davies, Anthony J. Graybosch, Lila Luce, Paul K. Moser, Saul Smilansky, Roger Smook, William Sweet, John J. Tilley & Ruth Weintraub - 1994 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (1-4):359-362.
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  22.  30
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Paul Sheldon Davies, David C. Graves, Justin Leiber & Anat Matar - 1995 - Philosophia 24 (3-4):531-558.
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  23. 'Defending' Proper Functions.Paul Sheldon Davies - 1995 - Analysis 55 (4):299.
     
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  24. Evolutionary Functions and Philosophy of Mind.Paul Sheldon Davies - 1994 - Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    This dissertation is concerned with two general issues. A theory of functional or teleological properties, as possessed by natural objects, grounded in the theory of evolution by natural selection. This I refer to as the evolutionary theory of functions. A cluster of theories in philosophy of mind which attempt to explicate intentionality--the representational powers of mental phenomena--in terms of evolutionary functions. ;The aim of this dissertation is threefold. To develop a version of the evolutionary theory of functions in which the (...)
     
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  25.  68
    Paul Sheldon Davies: Norms of Nature: Naturalism and the Nature of Functions. [REVIEW]Arno Wouters - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):220-222.
    Review of Paul Sheldon Davies *Norms of Nature* (2001).
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  26.  29
    Paul Sheldon Davies,Norms of Nature: Naturalism and the Nature of Function. A Bradford Book. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2001; Peter McLaughlin,What Functions Explain: Functional Explanation and Self-Reproducing Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001; Del Ratzsch,Nature, Design, and Science: The Status of Design in Natural Science. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. [REVIEW]Matthew Ratcliffe - 2003 - Metascience 12 (3):312-321.
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  27.  24
    Subjects of the World: Darwin's Rhetoric and the Study of Agency in Nature, by Paul Sheldon Davies.J. Lemos - 2011 - Mind 120 (478):516-520.
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  28.  18
    Review of Paul Sheldon Davies, Subjects of the World: Darwin's Rhetoric and the Study of Agency in Nature[REVIEW]Paolo Costa - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (10).
    A critical review of what I see as a controversial interpretation of the nature and aims of Darwin’s rhetorical strategy and a narrow and controversial naturalist manifesto.
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  29.  3
    Paul Sheldon Davies,. A Bradford Book. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2001; Peter McLaughlin,. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001; Del Ratzsch,. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. [REVIEW]Matthew Ratcliffe - 2003 - Metascience 12 (3):312-321.
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  30. Paul Sheldon Davies, Norms of Nature: Naturalism and the Nature of Functions Reviewed By.Glenn Parsons - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (1):24-26.
     
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  31.  81
    Book Reviews : New Testament Ethics: The Legacies of Jesus and Paul, by Frank J. Matera. Louisville: Kentucky/Westminster: John Knox Press, 1996. 325pp. Hb. US$30. [REVIEW]M. Davies - 1997 - Studies in Christian Ethics 10 (2):102-103.
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  32.  20
    Roman Funerary Art - Marion True, Guntram Koch : Roman Funerary Monuments in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Vol. 1. Pp. 144; 199 Figures. Malibu, CA: J.Paul Getty Museum, 1990. Paper. [REVIEW]Glenys Davies - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (02):395-396.
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  33.  29
    Paul Kretschmer: Einleitung in die Geschichte der griechischen Sprache. Zweite unveranderte Auflage. Pp. iv+428. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1970. Cloth, DM.56. [REVIEW]A. Morpurgo Davies - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (03):420-421.
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  34.  22
    The Athenian Aristocracy in the Fourth Century Paul MacKendrick: The Athenian Aristocracy, 399–31 B.C. (Martin Classical Lectures, Xxiii.) Pp. Xii+III. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1969. Cloth, £2·90. [REVIEW]J. K. Davies - 1973 - The Classical Review 23 (02):228-231.
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  35.  19
    J. Flemberg: Venus Armata. Studien zur bewaffneten Aphrodite in der griechisch-römischen Kunst. (Skrifter Utgivna av Svenska Institutet i Athen, 8.10.) Pp. 128; 57 figs. Stockholm: Paul Åström, 1991. Paper, Sw. Kr. 200. [REVIEW]Glenys Davies - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (02):477-478.
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  36.  19
    Leon Yarden: The Spoils of Jerusalem on the Arch of Titus: A Reinvestigation. Pp. 137; 1 Fold-Out Line Drawing ; 32 Ills, in Text; 67 Bl. & W. Plates. Stockholm: Paul Åströms, 1991. Paper, S. Kr. 275. [REVIEW]Glenys Davies - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (01):207-208.
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  37. Paul and Jewish Christianity According to Cardinal Daniélou: A Suggestion.W. D. Davies - 1972 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 60 (1-2):69.
     
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  38. God and Polarity: A Synthesis of Philosophies. By Paul L. Holmer. [REVIEW]Wilmon H. Sheldon - 1954 - Ethics 65:224.
     
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  39.  91
    Information and the Nature of Reality: From Physics to Metaphysics.P. C. W. Davies & Niels Henrik Gregersen (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction: does information matter?; Paul Davies and Niels Henrik Gregersen; Part I. History: 2. From matter to materialism ... and (almost) back Ernan McMullin; 3. Unsolved dilemmas: the concept of matter in the history of philosophy and in contemporary physics Philip Clayton; Part II. Physics: 4. Universe from bit Paul Davies; 5. The computational universe Seth Lloyd; 6. Minds and values in the quantum universe Henry Pierce Stapp; Part III. Biology: 7. (...)
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  40.  20
    The Matter Myth: Dramatic Discoveries That Challenge Our Understanding of Physical Reality.P. C. W. Davies - 2007 - Simon & Schuster.
    In this sweeping survey, acclaimed science writers Paul Davies and John Gribbin provide a complete overview of advances in the study of physics that have revolutionized modern science. From the weird world of quarks and the theory of relativity to the latest ideas about the birth of the cosmos, the authors find evidence for a massive paradigm shift. Developments in the studies of black holes, cosmic strings, solitons, and chaos theory challenge commonsense concepts of space, time, and matter, (...)
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  41. The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion.Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume introduces readers to emergence theory, outlines the major arguments in its defence, and summarizes the most powerful objections against it. It provides the clearest explication yet of this exciting new theory of science, which challenges the reductionist approach by proposing the continuous emergence of novel phenomena.
  42.  47
    The Physics of Time Asymmetry.Paul Davies - 1977 - University of California Press.
    The physics of time asymmetry has never been a single well-defined subject, but more a collection of consistency problems which arise in almost all branches ...
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  43. The Mind of God.Paul Davies - 1994 - Science and Society 58 (2):233-237.
  44. The Physics of Downward Causation.Paul Cw Davies - 2006 - In P. Davies & P. Clayton (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  45.  3
    The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion.Philip Clayton & Paul Davies - 2007 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (2):119-121.
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  46. The Fifth Miracle.Paul Davies - 2004 - Zygon 39 (1):261 - 265.
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  47.  8
    Adult Women and ADHD: On the Temporal Dimensions of ADHD Identities.Paul Stenner, Lindsay O'Dell & Alison Davies - forthcoming - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.
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  48.  8
    Chromatic Perceptual Learning but No Category Effects Without Linguistic Input.Alexandra Grandison, Paul T. Sowden, Vicky G. Drivonikou, Leslie A. Notman, Iona Alexander & Ian R. L. Davies - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  49. Signatures of a Shadow Biosphere.Paul C. W. Davies, Carol E. Cleland & Christopher P. McKay - unknown
    Astrobiologists are aware that extraterrestrial life might differ from known life, and considerable thought has been given to possible signatures associated with weird forms of life on other planets. So far, however, very little attention has been paid to the possibility that our own planet might also host communities of weird life. If life arises readily in Earth-like conditions, as many astrobiologists contend, then it may well have formed many times on Earth itself, which raises the question whether one or (...)
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  50. A Quantum Recipe for Life.Paul Davies - unknown
    One of the most influential physics books of the twentieth century was actually about biology. In a series of lectures, Erwin Schrödinger described how he believed that quantum mechanics, or some variant of it, would soon solve the riddle of life. These lectures were published in 1944 under the title What is life? and are credited by some as ushering in the age of molecular biology. In the nineteenth century, many scientists thought they knew the answer to Schrödinger’s rhetorical question. (...)
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