Results for 'Galen'

848 found
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  1.  25
    Galen: On Antecedent Causes. Galen - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    A new edition of Galen's text on causal theory, and the first translation of it into a modern language.
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  2. Galeni in Platonis Timaeum Commentarii Fragmenta.Heinrich Otto Galen, Paul Schröder, Moses Kahle & Maimonides - 1934 - In Aedibus B. G. Teubneri.
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  3.  40
    Method of Medicine. Galen - 2011 - Loeb Classical Library.
    Method of Medicine, a systematic and comprehensive account of the principles of treating injury and disease and one of Galen's greatest and most influential works.
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  4. 'The I, the I'.Strawson Galen - 2017 - In Galen Strawson (ed.), The Subject of Experience Galen Strawson. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1–15.
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  5.  66
    Support for Animal Rights as a Function of Belief in Evolution, Religious Fundamentalism, and Religious Denomination.Cassandra Aebersold, Luke Galen, Victoria Stanton & Jamie DeLeeuw - 2007 - Society and Animals 15 (4):353-363.
    The present study examined the relationship among religious denomination, fundamentalism, belief about human origins, gender, and support for animal rights. Eighty-two college undergraduates filled out a set of 3 questionnaires: The Religious Fundamentalism Scale , beliefs about human origins , and the Animal Rights Scale . Because conservative Protestants and fundamentalists adhere to religious doctrine that espouses a discontinuity between humans and other species, the study predicted they would have lower support for animal rights. Further, proponents of evolution—who tend to (...)
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  6.  5
    Big Gods: Extended Prosociality or Group Binding?Luke W. Galen - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  7.  28
    Personality and Social Integration Factors Distinguishing Nonreligious From Religious Groups: The Importance of Controlling for Attendance and Demographics.Jim Kloet & Luke W. Galen - 2011 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (2):205-228.
    Previous studies linking personality and social integration with religiosity conflate the weakly religious with the completely nonreligious, and religious belief with group membership, leading to spurious associations. The present study characterizes the growing nonreligious population by comparing church and secular group members on personality characteristics and social integration. Although church members were higher in Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and perceived social support, these differences were largely eliminated when controlling for demographics and group attendance. Secular group members were higher on Intellect/Openness. Many previously (...)
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  8.  2
    Profiles of the Godless.L. Galen - 2009 - Free Inquiry 29 (5):41-45.
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  9. Isbn 978-3-402-00232-2.Streitfall Galen & Kl Schatz - 2008 - Theologie Und Philosophie 83 (2):295.
     
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  10. The Experimental Foundations of Galen's Teleology.Christopher E. Cosans - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (1):63-80.
    This article outlines in details specific experiments that Galen performed. It explores how his methodology for experimentation was a sophisticated response to the rationalist-empirist debate as it occurred in ancient medicine. -/- .
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  11. Galen's Critique of Rationalist and Empiricist Anatomy.Christopher E. Cosans - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (1):35 - 54.
    This article explores Galen's analysis of and response to the Rationalist and Empiricist medical sects. It argues that his interest in their debate concerning the epistemology of medicine and anatomy was key to his advancement of an experimental methodology.
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  12. Pre-Stoic Hypothetical Syllogistic in Galen.Susanne Bobzien - 2002 - The Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies:57-72.
    ABSTRACT: This paper traces the evidence in Galen's Introduction to Logic (Institutio Logica) for a hypothetical syllogistic which predates Stoic propositional logic. It emerges that Galen is one of our main witnesses for such a theory, whose authors are most likely Theophrastus and Eudemus. A reconstruction of this theory is offered which - among other things - allows to solve some apparent textual difficulties in the Institutio Logica.
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  13. Comments on Galen Strawson: Realistic Monism: Why Physicalism Entails Panpsychism.David Papineau - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (10-11):100-109.
    Galen Strawson (2006) thinks it is 'obviously' false that 'the terms of physics can fully capture the nature or essence of experience' (p. 4). He also describes this view as 'crazy' (p. 7). I think that he has been carried away by first impressions. It is certainly true that 'physicSalism', as he dubs this view, is strongly counterintuitive. But at the same time there are compelling arguments in its favour. I think that these arguments are sound and that the (...)
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  14.  45
    Galen and Astrology: A Mésalliance?Glen Cooper - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (2):120-146.
    The author examines the question of Galen's affinity with astrology, in view of Galen's extended astrological discussion in the De diebus decretoriis . The critical passages from Galen are examined, and shown to be superficial in understanding. The author performs a lexical sounding of Galen's corpus, using key terms with astrological valences drawn from the Critical Days, and assesses their absence in Galen's other works. He compares Galen's astrology with the astrology of Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos, (...)
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  15. Hard Questions - Comments on Galen Strawson.Colin McGinn - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (10-11):90-99.
    I find myself in agreement with almost all of Galen's paper (Strawson, 2006) -- except, that is, for his three main claims. These I take to be: that he has provided a substantive and useful definition of 'physicalism'; that physicalism entails panpsychism; and that panpsychism is a necessary and viable doctrine. But I find much to applaud in the incidentals Galen brings in to defend these three claims, particularly his eloquent and uncompromising rejection of the idea of brute (...)
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  16.  39
    Whats Missing in Episodic Self-Experience? A Kierkegaardian Response to Galen Strawson.Patrick Stokes - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):1-2.
    In a series of important papers, Galen Strawson has articulated a spectrum of “temporal temperaments,” populated at one end by “Diachronics”, who experience their selves (understood as the “mental entity” they are at this moment) as something that existed in the past and will exist in the future, and at the other end by “Episodics”, who lack any such sense of temporal extension. As a self-declared Episodic, Strawson provides lucid descriptions of what episodicity is like, but cannot furnish a (...)
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  17.  14
    Die Gespannte Seele: Tonos Bei Galen.Julia Trompeter - 2016 - Phronesis 61 (1):82-109.
    _ Source: _Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 82 - 109 Galen talks about tension, _tonos_, in a physiological sense, which seems to be related to either the innate heat of the living being, the good mixture of its humors, or the body’s _pneuma_. This paper shows that Galen, with some important distinctions concerning the substance of the soul, derives this use of _tonos_ from the Stoics. But beyond that, it shows that Galen uses _tonos_ in a strict (...)
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  18.  31
    Hagar Banished: Departing From the Latin Galen and its Arabic Sources in the Aldine Edition.Glen M. Cooper - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (6):604-642.
    The Aldine edition of Galen’s works, prepared by humanists anxious to replace the medieval Latin translations with a purely Greek text, certainly represents an advance in scholarship. However, widespread anti-Arabic prejudices of the time precluded most humanists, including the Aldine editors, from perceiving anything of value in the Latin Galenic textual tradition, which was characterized as representing a Galen that had passed through the corrupting influence of Arabic. This paper considers the cost to the medical tradition of ignoring (...)
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  19.  46
    Galen and the Stoics: Mortal Enemies or Blood Brothers?Christopher Gill - 2007 - Phronesis 52 (1):88-120.
    Galen is well known as a critic of Stoicism, mainly for his massive attack on Stoic (or at least, Chrysippean) psychology in "On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato" (PHP) 2-5. Galen attacks both Chrysippus' location of the ruling part of the psyche in the heart and his unified or monistic picture of human psychology. However, if we consider Galen's thought more broadly, this has a good deal in common with Stoicism, including a (largely) physicalist conception of (...)
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  20. Galen Strawson on Panpsychism.Frank Jackson - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (10-11):62-64.
    We make powerful motor cars by suitably assembling items that are not themselves powerful, but we do not do this by 'adding in the power' at the very end of the assembly line; nor, if it comes to that, do we add portions of power along the way. Powerful motor cars are nothing over and above complex arrangements or aggregations of items that are not themselves powerful. The example illustrates the way aggregations can have interesting properties that the items aggregated (...)
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  21.  75
    Review of Galen Strawson, 'Real Materialism and Other Essays'. [REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (8/01).
    This is a review of Galen Strawson's Real Materialism And Other Essays. It focuses on reconstructing and criticizing his "realistic materialism", a view that many philosophers will regard as a form of panpsychism.
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  22.  38
    Galen: On Blood, the Pulse, and the Arteries. [REVIEW]Michael Boylan - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (2):207 - 230.
    This essay examines several important issues regarding Galen's depiction of the physiology of the arteries. In the process some of Galen's supporting doctrines on the blood and pulse will also be discussed in the context of a coherent scientific explanation. It will be the contention of this essay that though Galen may often have a polemical goal in mind, he correctly identifies the important and complex role of the arteries in human biological systems.
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  23.  3
    The Actions of Spirit and Appetite: Voluntary Motion in Galen.Julia Trompeter - 2018 - Phronesis 63 (2):176-207.
    Galen is criticized for combining Plato’s tripartition-cum-trilocation of the soul, in which each part constitutes its own source of motivation, with the demand that the faculty of voluntary motion is limited to the rational part, being the only one located in the brain and having access to the relevant nerves. While scholars have concentrated on small nerves as connective organs, this paper focuses on thepneuma, blood and innate heat. When the latter is increased, the irrational parts can affect the (...)
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  24.  16
    Galen's Constitutive Materialism.Patricia Marechal - 2019 - Ancient Philosophy 39 (1):191-209.
  25. Comments on Galen Strawson - 'Realistic Monism: Why Physicalism Entails Panpsychism.Daniel Stoljar - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (10-11):170-176.
  26. Better to Study Human Than World Psychology - Commentary on Galen Strawson's Realistic Monism: Why Physicalism Entails Panpsychism.Georges Rey - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (10-11):110-116.
     
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  27. Galen.Michael Boylan - 2002 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  28.  14
    Galen on Sexual Desire and Sexual Regulation.Ahonen Marke - 2017 - Apeiron 50 (4):449-481.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Apeiron Jahrgang: 50 Heft: 4 Seiten: 449-481.
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  29.  26
    The Latin Editions of Galen's Opera Omnia (14901625) and Their Prefaces.Stefania Fortuna - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (4):391-412.
  30.  5
    Galen Strawson, O niemożliwości całkowitej odpowiedzialności moralnej.Galen Strawson - 2017 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 65 (1):109-129.
    Jedną z centralnych kwestii dotyczących problemu wolnej woli stanowi zagadnienie moralnej odpowiedzialności. Na ogół utrzymuje się, iż ma ono najdalej idące konsekwencje dla życia społecznego oraz prawa. Jak jednak argumentuje Galen Strawson, nie można odpowiadać moralnie za własne działania. Argument przebiega następująco: dana osoba podejmuje decyzję w oparciu o swój charakter, osobowość lub inne czynniki umysłowe. Z drugiej strony, za czynniki te nie można ponosić odpowiedzialności, wydaje się bowiem oczywiste, że są one powodowane innymi czynnikami, takimi jak wychowanie czy (...)
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  31.  13
    A Risky Enterprise: The Aldine Edition of Galen, the Failures of the Editors, and the Shadow of Erasmus of Rotterdam.Lorenzo Perilli - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (4):446-466.
  32.  3
    Galen on Reason and Appetite: A Study of the De Moribus.David Kaufman - 2017 - Apeiron 50 (3):367-392.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  33. Galen: On Diseases and Symptoms.Galen - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Galen's treatises on the classification and causation of diseases and symptoms are an important component of his prodigious oeuvre, forming a bridge between his theoretical works and his practical, clinical writings. As such, they remained an integral component of the medical teaching curriculum well into the second millennium. This edition was originally published in 2006. In these four treatises, Galen not only provides a framework for the exhaustive classification of diseases and their symptoms as a prelude to his (...)
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  34. Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399-420.
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when (...)
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  35.  9
    Enchanted Nature, Dissected Nature: The Case of Galen’s Anatomical Theology.Kimbell Kornu - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (6):453-471.
    Through the historical portrait of Galen, I argue that even an enchanted nature does not prevent the performance of violence against nature. Galen, the great physician-philosopher of antiquity, is best known for his systematization and innovation of the Hippocratic medical tradition, whose thought was the reigning medical orthodoxy from the medieval period into the Renaissance. His works on anatomy were the standard that Vesalius’ works on anatomy overturned. What is less known about Galen’s study of anatomy, however, (...)
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  36. Fundamental Singleness: How to Turn the 2nd Paralogism Into a Valid Argument: Galen Strawson.Galen Strawson - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 67:61-92.
    [1] Experience is a real concrete phenomenon. The existence of experience entails the existence of a subject of experience. Therefore subjects of experience are concretely real. [2] The existence of a subject of experience in the lived present or living moment of experience, e.g. the period of time in which the grasping of a thought occurs, provably involves the existence of singleness or unity of an unsurpassably strong kind. The singleness or unity in question is a metaphysically real, concrete entity. (...)
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  37.  27
    The Chronology of Galen's Early Career.Vivian Nutton - 1973 - Classical Quarterly 23 (1):158-171.
    The last decade has witnessed a widespread resurgence of interest in Galen of Pergamum that is without parallel since the early seventeenth century. New studies of Galen's concepts of psychology and medicine have examined afresh his position in the development of scientific thought, and historians have begun to realize the wealth of material for the social history of the Antonine Age that he provides. But, despite the earlier labours of Ilberg and Bardong to restore a chronological order to (...)
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  38.  10
    Staging the Past, Staging Oneself Galen 0n Hellenistic Exegetical Traditions.Heinrich von Staden - 2009 - In Christopher Gill, Tim Whitmarsh & John Wilkins (eds.), Galen and the World of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press.
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  39.  44
    The Cambridge Companion to Galen.R. J. Hankinson (ed.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Galen of Pergamum was the most influential doctor of later antiquity, whose work was to influence medical theory and practice for more than fifteen hundred years. He was a prolific writer on anatomy, physiology, diagnosis and prognosis, pulse-doctrine, pharmacology, therapeutics, and the theory of medicine; but he also wrote extensively on philosophical topics, making original contributions to logic and the philosophy of science, and outlining a scientific epistemology which married a deep respect for empirical adequacy with a commitment to (...)
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  40.  73
    Aristotle and Galen on Sex Difference and Reproduction: A New Approach to an Ancient Rivalry.Sophia M. Connell - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (3):405-427.
    In contrast to Aristotle's male oriented explanation of procreation the Galenic was 'feminist' inasmuch as both sexes were presented as contributing equally in conception and accordingly both had to experience pleasure... Anatomically, the two sexes were presented in Galenic accounts as complementary, the difference being that the man's genitalia were on the outside and the woman's on the inside. The clitoris was likened to the penis and the ovaries considered 'testicles' or 'stones' that produced seed. The male seed was, it (...)
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  41.  75
    Naturalistic Psychology in Galen and Stoicism.Christopher Gill - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a study of the psychological ideas of Galen (AD 129-c.210, the most important medical writer in antiquity) and Stoicism (a major philosophical theory in ...
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  42.  12
    A Friend Of Galen.C. P. Jones - 1967 - Classical Quarterly 17 (2):311-312.
    In 163 Galen gave an anatomy lesson in Rome before an audience that included ‘Demetrius of Alexandria, a friend of Favorinus, who was every day speakingin public on themes proposed to him, in the style and manner of Favorinus’.
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  43. Galen on the Limitations of Knowledge.”.R. J. Hankinson - 2009 - In Christopher Gill, Tim Whitmarsh & John Wilkins (eds.), Galen and the World of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press. pp. 206--242.
  44.  18
    An Epitome of Galen's on the Elements Ascribed to Ḥunayn Ibn Isḥāq.Gerrit Bos & Y. Tzvi Langermann - 2015 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 25 (1):33-78.
    Galen'sOn the Elements according to Hippocratesis an important source for physical doctrines circulating in late antiquity. The variety of atomistic doctrines that Galen brings into the discussion, as well as his arguments aimed at refuting them, were closely studied by the early kalām atomists. Of particular interest are the summaries of this text, which seem to have been written many centuries after Galen; some of them are products of early Islamicate culture. In this paper, we present an (...)
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  45. Galen and Chrysippus on the Soul: Argument and Refutation in the De Placitis, Books Ii-Iii.Teun Tieleman (ed.) - 1996 - E.J. Brill.
    In this work, new light is thrown on the philosophical method of the great Stoic Chrysippus on the basis of the fragments preserved by Galen in his De Placitis books II-III. Included is a study of Galen's aims and methodologies.
     
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  46.  6
    Levels of Explanation in Galen.P. N. Singe - 1997 - Classical Quarterly 47 (02):525-.
    Galen's æuvre presents a remarkably varied body of texts–varied in subject matter, style, and didactic purpose. Logical tracts sit alongside tomes of drug–lore; handbooks of dietetics alongside anatomical investigations; treatises of physiology alongside ethical opuscula. These differences in type have received some, though as yet insufficient, scholarly attention. Mario Vegetti demonstrated the coexistence of two ‘profili’ or images of the art of medicine: Galen presents the art as an Aristotelian deductive science, on the one hand, and as a (...)
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  47.  16
    Galen and the Ontology of Powers.Robert J. Hankinson - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (5):951-973.
    What, for Galen, are powers, and how are they to be properly individuated? The notion of a power or capacity does a great deal of work in Galen. As in Aristotle, the concept of a dunamis is tightly linked with that of an energeia, but these are not simply logical abstractions. Rather the natural energeiai are the basic functional activities of the animal body and its parts, and just as health consists in proper functioning, so disease is defined (...)
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  48.  39
    The "Sceptical Crisis" Reconsidered: Galen, Rational Medicine and the Libertas Philosophandi.Ian Maclean - 2006 - Early Science and Medicine 11 (3):247-274.
    This paper reassesses the role of sceptical thinking in the emergence of the new science of the seventeenth century, in the context of the seminal but contestable History of Scepticism by Richard Popkin. It investigates the anti-sceptical essay by Galen De optimo modo docendi, which was retranslated in the sixteenth century by Erasmus and later published as an adjunct to the works of Sextus Empiricus, in order to highlight the currency of ideas about hyperbolic doubt, and links this to (...)
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  49.  17
    Opaque Selves: A Ricœurian Response to Galen Strawson’s Anti- Narrative Arguments.Kristofer Camilo Arca - 2018 - Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 9 (1):70-89.
    As narrative conceptions of selfhood have gained more acceptance within various disciplines including philosophy, psychology, and the cognitive sciences, so too have these conceptions been critically appraised. Chief among those who are suspicious of the overall viability of ‘narrative identity’ is the philosopher, Galen Strawson. In this paper, I develop five arguments underlying Strawson’s critique of narrative identity, and respond to each argument from the perspective of the hermeneutic phenomenology of Paul Ricœur. Though intuitive, I demonstrate that none of (...)
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  50. Galen's Bios and Methodos: From Ways of Life to Path of Knowledge.Veronique Boudon-Millot - 2009 - In Christopher Gill, Tim Whitmarsh & John Wilkins (eds.), Galen and the World of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press. pp. 175--189.
     
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