Results for 'Stefan Artmann'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  11
    Basic Semiosis as Code-Based Control.Stefan Artmann - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (1):31-38.
    Though the formal coherence and empirical utility of Marcello Barbieri’s concept of organic code have been starting to become established, a general conception of how the semantics of organic codes is related to the pragmatics of their use is still missing. Barbieri took a first step towards such a conception by distinguishing three types of semiosis in living systems: manufacturing, signalling, and interpretive semiosis. This paper integrates Barbieri’s distinction into Roman Jakobson’s systematization of possible functions of messages in order to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  10
    Organic Problem Solving: Biology, Decision Theory, and the Physical Symbol System Hypothesis.Stefan Artmann - 2008 - American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):95-105.
    Sign-theoretical concepts have been used in research into the nature of living systems, not only by biologists, semioticians, and philosophers, but also by scientists who analyze organisms from the perspective of Decision Theory. Decision Theory describes both the external behavior and the internal information-processing of any kind of agent in terms of problem solving. Such “problem solving” is considered a complex process of: defining a goal in an environment, selecting the means to reach the defined goal, and controlling the effects (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  19
    Three Types of Semiotic Indeterminacy in Monod’s Philosophy of Modern Biology.Stefan Artmann - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):149-160.
    Synthesizing important research traditions in information theory, structuralist semiotics, and generative linguistics, at least three main types of semiotic indeterminacy must be distinguished: Kolmogorov’s notion of randomness defined as sequential incompressibility, de Saussure’s principle of contingency of sign which ensures the possibility of translation between different sign systems, and Chomsky’s idea of indefiniteness in generative mechanisms as a requirement for the explanation of semiotic creativity. These types of semiotic indeterminacy form an abstract system useful for the description of concrete sign (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  45
    Four Principles of Evolutionary Pragmatics in Jacob's Philosophy of Modern Biology.Stefan Artmann - 2004 - Axiomathes 14 (4):381-395.
    The French molecular biologist François Jacob outlined a theory of evolution as tinkering. From a methodological point of view, his approach can be seen as a biologic specification of the relation between laws, describing coherently the dynamics of a system, and contingent boundary conditions on this dynamics. From a semiotic perspective, tinkering is a pragmatic concept well-known from the information-theoretic anthropology of Claude Lévi-Strauss. In idealized contrast to an engineer, the tinkerer has to accept the concrete restrictions on his material (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  9
    Semiootilise määramatuse kolm tüüpi Monod' kaasaegse bioloogia filosoofias. Kokkuvõte.Stefan Artmann - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):161-161.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  8
    Euclid's Elements and its Prehistory.Benno Artmann - 1991 - Apeiron 24 (4):1-48.
  7.  11
    William King’s Influence on Locke’s Second Edition Change of Mind About Human Action and Freedom.Stefan Storrie - 2019 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 (5):668-684.
    ABSTRACTLocke’s influential discussion of agency in the chapter ‘Of Power’ in the Essay Concerning Human Understanding underwent important changes between the first and second edition. He reconside...
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  45
    Stefan Zweig, Hans Rosenkranz und der J. M. Spaeth-Verlag, Berlin.Stefan Litt - 2018 - Naharaim 12 (1-2):101-132.
    Von 1925 bis 1928 wurden im Berliner J. M. Spaeth-Verlag unter der Leitung von Hans Rosenkranz eine Reihe von Werken seinerzeit eher unbekannter, in der Retrospektive jedoch signifikanter Autoren der Zwischenkriegszeit publiziert. Der Beitrag thematisiert Rosenkranz als jungen Verleger und Bewunderer Stefan Zweigs. Er entwirft auf Grundlage der Archivüberlieferung einen neuen Blick auf die Geschichte des Unternehmens und kommentiert das damit verbundene literarische Programm: Welche wichtigen verlegerischen Projekte wurden in jener kurzen Zeit unternommen? Welche Rolle hatte Stefan Zweig (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  15
    Between Justice and Accumulation: Aristotle on Currency and Reciprocity.Stefan Eich - 2019 - Political Theory 47 (3):363-390.
    For Aristotle, a just political community has to find similarity in difference and foster habits of reciprocity. Conventionally, speech and law have been seen to fulfill this role. This article reconstructs Aristotle’s conception of currency as a political institution of reciprocal justice. By placing Aristotle’s treatment of reciprocity in the context of the ancient politics of money, currency emerges not merely as a medium of economic exchange but also potentially as a bond of civic reciprocity, a measure of justice, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  24
    Stefan Sottiaux, De Verenigde Staten van België.Stefan Rummens - 2011 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 40 (2):169-172.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Stefan Sciaraffa.Stefan Sciaraffa - 1999 - Legal Theory 5 (2):201-219.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  10
    The False Academy: Predatory Publishing in Science and Bioethics.Stefan Eriksson & Gert Helgesson - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (2):163-170.
    This paper describes and discusses the phenomenon ‘predatory publishing’, in relation to both academic journals and books, and suggests a list of characteristics by which to identify predatory journals. It also raises the question whether traditional publishing houses have accompanied rogue publishers upon this path. It is noted that bioethics as a discipline does not stand unaffected by this trend. Towards the end of the paper it is discussed what can and should be done to eliminate or reduce the effects (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  48
    Would They Follow What has Been Laid Down? Cancer Patients' and Healthy Controls' Views on Adherence to Advance Directives Compared to Medical Staff.Stefan Sahm, R. Will & G. Hommel - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):297-305.
    Advance directives are propagated as instruments to maintain patients’ autonomy in case they can no longer decide for themselves. It has been never been examined whether patients’ and healthy persons themselves are inclined to adhere to these documents. Patients’ and healthy persons’ views on whether instructions laid down in advance directives should be followed because that is “the right thing to do”, not because one is legally obliged to do so, were studied and compared with that of medical staff. Method: (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  14.  37
    What Are Universities For?Stefan Collini - 2012 - Penguin Books.
    Stefan Collini challenges the common claim that universities need to show that they help to make money in order to justify getting more money.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  15.  1
    Conversation with Prof. Stefan Swieżawski.Stefan Swieżawski & Paweł Kaczorowski - 2021 - Civitas. Studia Z Filozofii Polityki 11:298-308.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  1
    John Heilbron. Geometry Civilized: History, Culture, and Technique. Viii + 309 Pp., Frontis., Illus., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. $65. [REVIEW]Benno Artmann - 2002 - Isis 93 (4):667-668.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  18
    Roger Herz-Fischler, the Shape of the Great Pyramid. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2000. Pp. XII+293. Isbn 0-88920-324-5. $29.95. [REVIEW]Benno Artmann - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (3):355-356.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Strubes Sprechakttheoretische Rekonstruktion Ästhetischer Sprachspiele.R. Artmann - 1988 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 22 (55):65-82.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Benno Artmann, Euclid-the Creation of Mathematics.E. R. Grosholz - 2001 - Philosophia Mathematica 9 (2):246-247.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  7
    ARTMANN, BENNO. Euclid—The Creation of Mathematics. Reviewed by EMILY R. GROSHOLZ 246. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Hellman - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40:6-30.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. ARTMANN'S The New Ways of Ontology. [REVIEW]Kaminsky Kaminsky - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14:430.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  18
    Responsibility for Scientific Misconduct in Collaborative Papers.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):423-430.
    This paper concerns the responsibility of co-authors in cases of scientific misconduct. Arguments in research integrity guidelines and in the bioethics literature concerning authorship responsibilities are discussed. It is argued that it is unreasonable to claim that for every case where a research paper is found to be fraudulent, each author is morally responsible for all aspects of that paper, or that one particular author has such a responsibility. It is further argued that it is more constructive to specify what (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  23.  25
    Die Metallindustrie Anatoliens in der Zeit von 1500–700 Vor Chr. By Stefan Przeworski. Pp. Xii + 206; Pl. 22. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1939. 16 Guilders. [REVIEW]W. Lamb & Stefan Przeworski - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (2):291-292.
  24.  37
    Plagiarism in Research.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):91-101.
    Plagiarism is a major problem for research. There are, however, divergent views on how to define plagiarism and on what makes plagiarism reprehensible. In this paper we explicate the concept of “plagiarism” and discuss plagiarism normatively in relation to research. We suggest that plagiarism should be understood as “someone using someone else’s intellectual product, thereby implying that it is their own” and argue that this is an adequate and fruitful definition. We discuss a number of circumstances that make plagiarism more (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  25.  36
    Zorii Comunismului În Rom'nia. Ştefan Foriş, Un Destin Neterminat [The Dawns of Communism in Romania. Ştefan Foriş, an Unaccomplished Destiny].Ștefan Bosomitu - 2015 - History of Communism in Europe 6:233-236.
  26.  54
    The Member for Westminster: Doctrinaire Philosopher, Party Hack, or Public Moralist?*: Stefan Collini.Stefan Collini - 1990 - Utilitas 2 (2):307-322.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  18
    Stefan Collini's Absent Minds.James F. English, Barbara Caine, Michael Bentley, Jeremy Jennings, Daniel T. Rodgers & Stefan Collini - 2007 - Journal of the History of Ideas 68 (3):363-405.
  28. Towards a Neural Basis of Music-Evoked Emotions.Stefan Koelsch - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (3):131-137.
  29. Conditioning Against the Grain.Stefan Kaufmann - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (6):583-606.
    This paper discusses counterexamples to the thesis that the probabilities of conditionals are conditional probabilities. It is argued that the discrepancy is systematic and predictable, and that conditional probabilities are crucially involved in the apparently deviant interpretations. Furthermore, the examples suggest that such conditionals have a less prominent reading on which their probability is in fact the conditional probability, and that the two readings are related by a simple step of abductive inference. Central to the proposal is a distinction between (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  30.  7
    On Promoting the Dead Certain. A Reply to Behrends, DiPaolo, and Sharadin (Discussion Note).Stefan Fischer - 2017 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 11 (3):1-13.
    According to Humean promotionalism about practical reasons, the fact that I have a reason to φ holds in virtue of the fact that φ-ing promotes one or more of my desires. The topic of this discussion note is the question of how best to understand the promotion relation. In particular, I defend a probabilistic understanding of promotion against a line of argument recently brought forth by Jeff Behrends, Joshua DiPaolo, and Nate Sharadin. Roughly, their argument is that probabilistic promotion leads (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  16
    The Relationship Between Intragenerational and Intergenerational Ecological Justice.Stefanie Glotzbach & Stefan Baumgartner - 2012 - Environmental Values 21 (3):331-355.
    The principle of sustainability contains two objectives of justice regarding the conservation and use of ecosystems and their services : global justice between different people of the present generation ; justice between people of different generations. Three hypotheses about their relationship — independency, facilitation and rivalry — are held in the political and scientific sustainability discourse. Applying the method of qualitative content analysis to important political documents and the scientific literature, we reveal six determinants underlying the different hypotheses: quantity and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  69
    Gleiche Gerechtigkeit: Grundlagen Eines Liberalen Egalitarismus.Stefan Gosepath - 2004 - Suhrkamp.
    Equal Justice explores the role of the idea of equality in liberal theories of justice. The title indicates the book’s two-part thesis: first, I claim that justice is the central moral category in the socio-political domain; second, I argue for a specific conceptual and normative connection between the ideas of justice and equality. This pertains to the age-old question concerning the normative significance of equality in a theory of justice. The book develops an independent, systematic, and comprehensive theory of equality (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  33.  64
    Coherence Reasoning and Reliability: A Defense of the Shogenji Measure.Stefan Schubert - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):305-319.
    A measure of coherence is said to be reliability conducive if and only if a higher degree of coherence (as measured) results in a higher likelihood that the witnesses are reliable. Recently, it has been proved that several coherence measures proposed in the literature are reliability conducive in a restricted scenario (Olsson and Schubert 2007, Synthese 157:297–308). My aim is to investigate which coherence measures turn out to be reliability conducive in the more general scenario where it is any finite (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  34.  55
    Conditional Truth and Future Reference.Stefan Kaufmann - 2005 - Journal of Semantics 22 (3):231-280.
    This paper proposes a compositional model-theoretic account of the way the interpretation of indicative conditionals is determined and constrained by the temporal and modal expressions in their constituents. The main claim is that the tenses in both the antecedent and the consequent of an indicative conditional are interpreted in the same way as in isolation. This is controversial for the antecedents of predictive conditionals like ‘If he arrives tomorrow, she will leave’, whose Present tense is often claimed to differ semantically (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  35.  90
    Towards a Neural Basis of Music Perception.Stefan Koelsch & Walter A. Siebel - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (12):578-584.
  36.  73
    Nietzsche, the Overhuman, and Transhumanism.Stefan Lorenz Sorgner - 2008 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 20 (1):29-42.
    Bostrom rejects Nietzsche as an ancestor of the transhumanist movement, as he claims that there were merely some “surface-level similarities with the Nietzschean vision” (Bostrom 2005a, 4). In contrast to Bostrom, I think that significant similarities between the posthuman and the overhuman can be found on a fundamental level. In addition, it seems to me that Nietzsche explained the relevance of the overhuman by referring to a dimension which seems to be lacking in transhumanism. In order to explain my position, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  37.  32
    Cross‐Linguistic Differences in Processing Double‐Embedded Relative Clauses: Working‐Memory Constraints or Language Statistics?Stefan L. Frank, Thijs Trompenaars & Shravan Vasishth - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (3):554-578.
    An English double-embedded relative clause from which the middle verb is omitted can often be processed more easily than its grammatical counterpart, a phenomenon known as the grammaticality illusion. This effect has been found to be reversed in German, suggesting that the illusion is language specific rather than a consequence of universal working memory constraints. We present results from three self-paced reading experiments which show that Dutch native speakers also do not show the grammaticality illusion in Dutch, whereas both German (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  38.  70
    Conditional Predictions.Stefan Kaufmann - 2005 - Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (2):181 - 231.
    The connection between the probabilities of conditionals and the corresponding conditional probabilities has long been explored in the philosophical literature, but its implementation faces both technical obstacles and objections on empirical grounds. In this paper I ?rst outline the motivation for the probabilistic turn and Lewis’ triviality results, which stand in the way of what would seem to be its most straightforward implementation. I then focus on Richard Jeffrey’s ’random-variable’ approach, which circumvents these problems by giving up the notion that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  39.  66
    Coherence and Reliability: The Case of Overlapping Testimonies. [REVIEW]Stefan Schubert - 2011 - Erkenntnis 74 (2):263-275.
    A measure of coherence is said to be reliability conducive if and only if a higher degree of coherence (as measured) among testimonies implies a higher probability that the witnesses are reliable. Recently, it has been proved that several coherence measures proposed in the literature are reliability conducive in scenarios of equivalent testimonies (Olsson and Schubert 2007; Schubert, to appear). My aim is to investigate which coherence measures turn out to be reliability conducive in the more general scenario where the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  40.  69
    Is Coherence Conducive to Reliability?Stefan Schubert - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):607-621.
    A measure of coherence is said to be reliability conducive if and only if a higher degree of coherence (asmeasured) of a set of testimonies implies a higher probability that the witnesses are reliable. Recently, it has been proved that the Shogenji measure of coherence is reliability conducive in restricted scenarios (e.g., Olsson and Schubert, Synthese, 157:297–308, 2007). In this article, I investigate whether the Shogenji measure, or any other coherence measure, is reliability conducive in general. An impossibility theorem is (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  41.  33
    Heartbeat Detection and the Experience of Emotions.Stefan Wiens, Elizabeth S. Mezzacappa & Edward S. Katkin - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (3):417-427.
  42.  57
    The Psychology of the Monty Hall Problem: Discovering Psychological Mechanisms for Solving a Tenacious Brain Teaser.Stefan Krauss & X. T. Wang - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):3.
  43. Two Myths About Somatic Markers.Stefan Linquist & Jordan Bartol - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (3):455-484.
    Research on patients with damage to ventromedial frontal cortices suggests a key role for emotions in practical decision making. This field of investigation is often associated with Antonio Damasio’s Somatic Marker Hypothesis—a putative account of the mechanism through which autonomic tags guide decision making in typical individuals. Here we discuss two questionable assumptions—or ‘myths’—surrounding the direction and interpretation of this research. First, it is often assumed that there is a single somatic marker hypothesis. As others have noted, however, Damasio’s ‘hypothesis’ (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  44.  53
    Measuring the Time Stability of Prospect Theory Preferences.Stefan Zeisberger, Dennis Vrecko & Thomas Langer - 2012 - Theory and Decision 72 (3):359-386.
    Prospect Theory (PT) is widely regarded as the most promising descriptive model for decision making under uncertainty. Various tests have corroborated the validity of the characteristic fourfold pattern of risk attitudes implied by the combination of probability weighting and value transformation. But is it also safe to assume stable PT preferences at the individual level? This is not only an empirical but also a conceptual question. Measuring the stability of preferences in a multi-parameter decision model such as PT is far (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  45.  36
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Death.Stefan J. Wagner, Elselijn Kingma & Mary Margaret McCabe - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1072–1078.
  46. Public Moralists Political Thought and Intellectual Life in Britain 1850-1930.Stefan Collini - 1991
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  47.  80
    Is Imitation Learning the Route to Humanoid Robots?Stefan Schaal - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6):233-242.
  48. Combinations of Tense and Modality for Predicate Logic.Stefan Wölfl - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (4):371-398.
    In recent years combinations of tense and modality have moved intothe focus of logical research. From a philosophical point of view, logical systems combining tense and modality are of interest because these logics have a wide field of application in original philosophical issues, for example in the theory of causation, of action, etc. But until now only methods yielding completeness results for propositional languages have been developed. In view of philosophical applications, analogous results with respect to languages of predicate logic (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  49.  11
    Crowds and Democracy: The Idea and Image of the Masses From Revolution to Fascism.Stefan Jonsson - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    This volume is the second installment in Stefan Jonsson’s epic study of the crowd and the mass in modern Europe, building on his work in A Brief History of the Masses, which focused on monumental artworks produced in 1789, 1889, and 1989.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50.  23
    How Decisions Evolve: The Temporal Dynamics of Action Selection.Stefan Scherbaum, Maja Dshemuchadse, Rico Fischer & Thomas Goschke - 2010 - Cognition 115 (3):407-416.
1 — 50 / 1000