Results for 'Sarah Hayes'

998 found
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  1.  21
    Postdigital Science and Education.Petar Jandrić, Jeremy Knox, Tina Besley, Thomas Ryberg, Juha Suoranta & Sarah Hayes - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (10):893-899.
  2.  14
    The Curious Promise of Educationalising Technological Unemployment: What Can Places of Learning Really Do About the Future of Work?Michael A. Peters, Petar Jandrić & Sarah Hayes - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (3):242-254.
    University education is full of promise. Indeed universities have the capacity to create and shape, through staff and students, all kinds of enthralling ‘worlds’ and ‘new possibilities of life’. Yet students are encouraged increasingly to view universities as simply a means to an end, where neoliberal education delivers flexible skills to directly serve a certain type of capitalism. Additionally, the universal challenge of technological unemployment, alongside numerous other social issues, has become educationalised and portrayed in HE policy, as an issue (...)
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  3.  8
    The Effects of Family Support and Gender on Mature Student Engagement in Higher Education.Baljit Gill, Sarah Hayes & Carl Senior - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  4.  12
    Technology and the Politics of University Reform: The Social Shaping of Online Education. By Edward C. Hamilton. Pp 237. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2016. £66.99 . ISBN: 978-1-137-50350-3. [REVIEW]Sarah Hayes - 2018 - British Journal of Educational Studies 66 (1):142-144.
  5.  1
    Postdigital We-Learn.Petar Jandrić & Sarah Hayes - 2020 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 39 (3):285-297.
    This paper examines relationships between learning and technological change and argues that we urgently need new ways to approach what it means to learn in the context of a global Fourth Industrial Revolution. It briefly introduces the postdigital perspective, which considers the digital ‘revolution’ as something that has already happened and focuses to its reconfiguration. It claims that what we access, how we access it, what we do with it, and who then accesses what we have done, are important elements (...)
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  6. Charles Avison's Essay on Musical Expression with Related Writings by William Hayes and Charles Avison.Charles Avison, Pierre Dubois & William Hayes - 2004
     
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  7. Debate on Mental Images.Patrick J. Hayes & Nigel J. T. Thomas - manuscript
    This debate, principally between myself (Nigel Thomas) and Patrick Hayes, the well known computer scientist and Artificial Intelligence researcher, took place through the internet mailing list for the discussion of the scientific study of consciousness, PSYCHE-D (moderated by Patrick Wilken), which is associated with the on-line journal PSYCHE. The discussion touches on the various different senses in which the expression "mental image" may be used, the underlying cognitive mechanisms of imagery, and the relevance of an understanding of imagery to (...)
     
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  8. Virtual Symposium on Virtual Mind.Patrick Hayes, Stevan Harnad, Donald Perlis & Ned Block - 1992 - Minds and Machines 2 (3):217-238.
    When certain formal symbol systems (e.g., computer programs) are implemented as dynamic physical symbol systems (e.g., when they are run on a computer) their activity can be interpreted at higher levels (e.g., binary code can be interpreted as LISP, LISP code can be interpreted as English, and English can be interpreted as a meaningful conversation). These higher levels of interpretability are called "virtual" systems. If such a virtual system is interpretable as if it had a mind, is such a "virtual (...)
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  9. Fallibilism Democracy and the Market: The Meta-Theoretical Foundations of Popper's Political Philosophy.Calvin Hayes - 1955 - Upa.
    In Fallibilism Democracy and the Market, Calvin Hayes proposes an original solution to the major meta-theoretical issue in moral philosophy, the is-ought problem, then utilizes it to define and/or solve practical problems in both applied ethics and public policy. The solution and its applications are based on a unified theory of rationality applicable to epistemology, ethics and public policy, predicated on a revised Popperian fallibilism. It is intended as a defense of Karl Popper's political philosophy but only after a (...)
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  10. The Heart and Mind in Teaching: Pedagogical Styles Through the Ages.Alyssa Magee Lowery & William Hayes - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this book, authors Alyssa Magee Lowery and William Hayes trace the history of teaching from Greek philosophy to twenty-first century educational issues in an effort to provide some perspective in the long art versus science debate, ultimately finding that the two components may be able to coexist peacefully.
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  11. Some Philosophical Problems From the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence.John McCarthy & Patrick Hayes - 1969 - In B. Meltzer & Donald Michie (eds.), Machine Intelligence 4. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 463--502.
  12. Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning.Niall Hayes & Lucas D. Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213 – 231.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of which had (...)
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  13.  68
    Teaching Business Ethics.Jeffrey Gandz & Nadine Hayes - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (9):657 - 669.
    Business ethics should be taught in business schools as an integrated part of core curricula in MBA programs with a dual focus on both analytical frameworks and their applications to the business disciplines. To overcome the reluctance of many faculty to handle ethical issues, a critical mass of faculty must develop suitable materials, educate their peers in its use, and take the lead by introducing it in their own courses and on senior management programs.
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  14. Systems for the Production of Plagiarists? The Implications Arising From the Use of Plagiarism Detection Systems in UK Universities for Asian Learners.Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (1):55-73.
    This paper argues that the inappropriate framing and implementation of plagiarism detection systems in UK universities can unwittingly construct international students as ‘plagiarists’. It argues that these systems are often implemented with inappropriate assumptions about plagiarism and the way in which new members of a community of practice develop the skills to become full members of that community. Drawing on the literature and some primary data it shows how expectations, norms and practices become translated and negotiated in such a way (...)
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  15.  62
    Shifting Roles, Enduring Values: The Credible Journalist in a Digital Age.Arthur S. Hayes, Jane B. Singer & Jerry Ceppos - 2007 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (4):262 – 279.
    When everyone can be a publisher, what distinguishes the journalist? This article considers contemporary challenges to institutional roles in a digital media environment and then turns to three broad journalistic normative values - authenticity, accountability, and autonomy - that affect the credibility of journalists and the content they provide. A set of questions that can help citizens determine the trustworthiness of information available to them emerges from the discussion.
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  16.  29
    Microbicides Development Programme: Engaging the Community in the Standard of Care Debate in a Vaginal Microbicide Trial in Mwanza, Tanzania.Andrew Vallely, Charles Shagi, Shelley Lees, Katherine Shapiro, Joseph Masanja, Lawi Nikolau, Johari Kazimoto, Selephina Soteli, Claire Moffat, John Changalucha, Sheena McCormack & Richard J. Hayes - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):17-.
    BackgroundHIV prevention research in resource-limited countries is associated with a variety of ethical dilemmas. Key amongst these is the question of what constitutes an appropriate standard of health care (SoC) for participants in HIV prevention trials. This paper describes a community-focused approach to develop a locally-appropriate SoC in the context of a phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza City, northwest Tanzania.MethodsA mobile community-based sexual and reproductive health service for women working as informal food vendors or in traditional and modern (...)
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  17. Turing Test Considered Harmful.Patrick Hayes & Kenneth M. Ford - 1995 - Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence 1:972-77.
     
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  18. What the Frame Problem is and Isn't.Patrick Hayes - 1987 - In Zenon W. Pylyshyn (ed.), The Robot's Dilemma. Ablex.
     
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  19. Why Godel's Theorem Cannot Refute Computationalism: A Reply to Penrose.Geoffrey Laforte, Pat Hayes & Kenneth M. Ford - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 104.
  20.  56
    Trust and Distrust in Cpr Decisions.Barbara Hayes - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):111-122.
    Trust is essential in human relationships including those within healthcare. Recent studies have raised concerns about patients’ declining levels of trust. This article will explore the role of trust in decision-making about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this research thirty-three senior doctors, junior doctors and division 1 nurses were interviewed about how decisions are made about providing CPR. Analysis of these interviews identified lack of trust as one cause for poor understanding of treatment decisions and lack of acceptance of medical judgement. (...)
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  21.  44
    The Danger of Dangerousness: Why We Must Remove the Dangerousness Criterion From Our Mental Health Acts.M. M. Large, C. J. Ryan, O. B. Nielssen & R. A. Hayes - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):877-881.
    Objectives: The mental health legislation of most developed countries includes either a dangerousness criterion or an obligatory dangerousness criterion (ODC). A dangerousness criterion holds that mentally ill people may be given treatment without consent if they are deemed to be a risk to themselves or others. An ODC holds that mentally ill people may be given treatment without consent only if they are deemed to be a risk to themselves or others. This paper argues that the dangerousness criterion is unnecessary, (...)
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  22.  49
    Dharmakīrti on the Role of Causation in Inference as Presented in Pramāṇavārttika Svopajñavṛtti 11–38.Brendan S. Gillon & Richard P. Hayes - 2008 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 36 (3):335-404.
    In the svārthānumāna chapter of his Pramāṇavārttika, the Buddhist philosopher Dharmakīrti presented a defense of his claim that legitimate inference must rest on a metaphysical basis if it is to be immune from the risks ordinarily involved in inducing general principles from a finite number of observations. Even if one repeatedly observes that x occurs with y and never observes y in the absence of x, there is no guarantee, on the basis of observation alone, that one will never observe (...)
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  23.  43
    Principled Atheism in the Buddhist Scholastic Tradition.Richard P. Hayes - 1988 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 16 (1):5-28.
    The doctrine that there is no permanent creator who superintends creation and takes care of his creatures accords quite well with each of the principles known as the four noble truths of Buddhism. The first truth, that distress is universal, is traditionally expounded in terms of the impermanence of all features of experience and in terms of the absence of genuine unity or personal identity in the multitude of physical and mental factors that constitute what we experience as a single (...)
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  24.  19
    Whose Experience Validates What for Dharmakīrti.R. Hayes - 1997 - In Bimal Krishna Matilal, Jitendranath Mohanty & Purusottama Bilimoria (eds.), Relativism, Suffering, and Beyond: Essays in Memory of Bimal K. Matilal. Oxford University Press.
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  25. The Ideology of Relativity: The Case of the Clock Paradox.Peter Hayes - 2009 - Social Epistemology 23 (1):57-78.
    In the interwar period there was a significant school of thought that repudiated Einstein's theory of relativity on the grounds that it contained elementary inconsistencies. Some of these critics held extreme right-wing and anti-Semitic views, and this has tended to discredit their technical objections to relativity as being scientifically shallow. This paper investigates an alternative possibility: that the critics were right and that the success of Einstein's theory in overcoming them was due to its strengths as an ideology rather than (...)
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  26.  32
    Ethical Myopia: The Case of “Framing” by Framing. [REVIEW]Alan E. Singer, Steven Lysonski, Ming Singer & David Hayes - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):29 - 36.
    The behavioural decision-theoretic concepts of mental accounting, framing and transaction utility have now been employed in marketing models and techniques. To date, however, there has not been any discussion of the ethical issues surrounding these significant developments. In this paper, an ethical evaluation is structured around three themes: (i) utilitarian justification (ii) the strategic exploitation of cognitive habits, and (iii) the claim of scientific status for the techniques. Some recommendations are made for ethical practices.
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  27.  55
    Deconstructing Dasein: Heidegger's Earliest Interpretations of Aristotle's de Anima.Josh Hayes - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (2):263-293.
  28.  39
    Dinnāga's Views on Reasoning (Svārthānumāna).Richard P. Hayes - 1980 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 8 (3):219-277.
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  29. Android Epistemology.Kenneth M. Ford, C. Glymour & Patrick Hayes (eds.) - 1994 - MIT Press.
  30.  13
    Suicide in Adult Correctional Facilities: Key Ingredients to Prevention and Overcoming the Obstacles.Lindsay M. Hayes - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (3):260-268.
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  31.  25
    Naturally Nested, but Why Dual Process?Ben Newell & Brett Hayes - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):276-277.
    The article by Barbey & Sloman (B&S) provides a valuable framework for integrating research on base-rate neglect and respect. The theoretical arguments and data supporting the nested set model are persuasive. But we found the dual-process account to be under-specified and less compelling. Our concerns are based on (a) inconsistencies within the literature cited by B&S, and (b) studies of base-rate neglect in categorization.
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  32.  71
    Illuminating Reasoning and Categorization.Evan Heit & Brett K. Hayes - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):27-27.
    The proposal regarding rules and similarity is considered in terms of ability to provide insights regarding previous work on reasoning and categorization. For reasoning, the issue is the relation between this proposal and one-process as well as two-process accounts of deduction and induction. For categorization, the issue is how the proposal would simultaneously explain both similarity-to-rule and rule-to-similarity shifts.
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  33.  60
    Did Buddhism Anticipate Pragmatism?Richard Hayes - manuscript
    Writers presenting Buddhism to European and North American audiences have often availed themselves of philosophical terminology from modern traditions to convey presumably less familiar ideas coming from various classical and medieval Asian settings. Since the Buddha and many philosophers who developed his ideas seem to have stressed the importance of practice over theory, Buddhism is frequently described as practical or even pragmatic in its orientation. Since there have been few unpleasant clashes between traditional Buddhist beliefs and the findings of modern (...)
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  34.  25
    Ethics Committees: Group Process Concerns and the Need for Research.Gregory J. Hayes - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (1):83.
    Few ethics committees were in place when the New Jersey Supreme Court announced its ruling on the Quinlan case in 1976. Today, the vast majority of hospitals have formed ethics committees and their use in nursing homes and other healthcare facilities is growing. Given the increasing commitment to the use of ethics committees and their increasing influence on healthcare decision making, the careful evaluation of committee performance should be a high priority. Yet to date ethics committees appear to have undergone (...)
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  35.  55
    Classical Buddhist Model of a Healthy Mind.Richard Hayes - manuscript
    The purpose of this chapter will be to outline the classical Buddhist program for transforming the human mentality from one that is rigid, closed and prone to injuring itself and others to one that is flexible, open and competent to heal itself and others.
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  36.  50
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]David L. Kemmerer, Kenneth Aizawa, Donald H. Berman, Stacey L. Edgar, James E. Tomberlin, J. Christopher Maloney, John L. Bell, Stuart C. Shapiro, Georges Rey, Morton L. Schagrin, Robert A. Wilson & Patrick J. Hayes - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (3):411-465.
  37.  18
    On the Reinterpretation of Dharmakīrti's Sbavhāvahetu.RichardP Hayes - 1987 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 15 (4):319-332.
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  38.  45
    Human Reasoning About Artificial Intelligence.Patrick J. Hayes, Kenneth M. Ford & J. R. Adams-Webber - 1994 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 4:247-63.
  39.  24
    Why is Capacity Limited? Missing Dynamics and Developmental Controversies.Richard A. Heath & Brett K. Hayes - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):839-840.
    The discovery of a quaternary complexity limitation to mature cognitive operations raises important theoretical issues. We propose that cognitive limitations arise naturally in a complex dynamic information processing system, and consider problems such as the distinction between parallel and serial processes and the representativeness of the empirical data base used by Halford et al. to support their relational complexity scheme.
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  40.  32
    Behavioral Philosophy in the Late 1980's.Steven C. Hayes - 1986 - Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 6 (1):39-43.
    Division 25 is composed of about 1500 behaviorally-oriented psychologists, both applied and basic. It is one of the few divisions defined not by a specific sub-content area of psychology, but by an approach to the whole of psychology. In this sense, Division 25 is probably one of the most philosophically-oriented of all the divisions in APA: the majority of its members are more or less comfortable with behavioral philosophy. Of course, some of our members are not at all philosophically oriented, (...)
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  41.  39
    Architectural Criticism.William H. Hayes - 2002 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (4):325–329.
  42. Commentarial Sanskrit.Richard P. Hayes & Dan Lusthaus - unknown
    It is true for many disciplines within the humanities that there are numerous excellent works that introduce the beginner to the basic building blocks of the discipline, and also many advanced studies for the accomplished scholar, but few works that help the student get from the beginning stage to the advanced level. That has certainly been true of the discipline of Sanskrit. Once a student has devoted a couple of years to working through one of the excellent introductions to the (...)
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  43. Introduction to Dharmakīrti's Theory of Inference as Presented in Pramā $\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{$\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{\Smash{\Scriptscriptstyle\Cdot}$}}{N}$}}{N} " />Avārttika Svopajñav $\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{$\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{\Smash{\Scriptscriptstyle\Cdot}$}}{T}$}}{T} " />Tti 1–10. [REVIEW]Richard P. Hayes & Brendan S. Gillon - 1991 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 19 (1).
     
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  44.  30
    Causal and Interpretive Analysis in Sociology.Adrian C. Hayes - 1985 - Sociological Theory 3 (2):1-10.
  45.  25
    Phenomenology and Modern Behavioral Psychology.Lindsay B. Fletcher & Steven C. Hayes - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (3):255-258.
  46.  25
    A Buddha and His Cousin.Richard Hayes - manuscript
    Like most religions, the Buddhist tradition is rich in stories that are designed to illustrate key principles and values. Stories of the Buddha himself offer a verbal portrait of an ideal human being that followers of the tradition can aspire to emulate; his story offers a picture of a person with a perfectly healthy mind. Stories of other people (and of gods, ghosts and ghouls) portray a wide range of beings from the nearly perfect to the dreadfully imperfect, all presented (...)
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  47.  21
    Experiential Avoidance and Superstition: Considering Concepts in Context.Roger Vilardaga & Steven C. Hayes - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (3):269-271.
  48.  20
    Subj: Re: Quantum...Synthesis: Reply to Aaron.Pat Hayes - unknown
    Henry re. your recent reply to Aaron. OK, current physics does not allow us to retreat into a comfortable assumption of Newtonian regularity. However, given the following range of options, I know which I find the 'spookiest'.
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  49.  14
    Reconnecting Data Analysis and Research Design: Who Needs a Confidence Interval?Andrew F. Hayes - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):203-204.
    Chow illustrates the important role played by significance testing in the evaluation of research findings. Statistics and the goals of research should be treated as both interrelated and separate parts of the research evaluation process – a message that will benefit all who read Chow's book. The arguments are especially pertinent to the debate over the relative merits of confidence intervals and significance tests.
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  50.  7
    Intellectuals and Education: The Role of the University.Dennis Hayes - 2003 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 6 (4):123-138.
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