Results for 'John K. Davies'

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  1.  23
    The Concept of Precedent Autonomy.John K. Davies - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (2):114–133.
  2.  9
    Fathers and Sons in Athens. Ideology and Society in the Era of the Peloponnesian War. [REVIEW]John K. Davies & B. R. Strauss - 1999 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 119:210-211.
  3.  6
    Politics Ancient and Modern. [REVIEW]John K. Davies, P. Vidal-Naquet & Janet Lloyd - 1999 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 119:202-203.
  4.  12
    Ancient Politics. [REVIEW]John K. Davies - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):500-501.
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  5.  22
    Campanilismo. [REVIEW]John K. Davies - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):490-491.
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  6. The'origins of the Greek Polls'.John K. Davies - 1997 - In Lynette G. Mitchell & P. J. Rhodes (eds.), The Development of the Polis in Archaic Greece. Routledge. pp. 24.
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  7.  34
    Ancient Colours L. Cleland, K. Stears (Edd.), with G. Davies: Colour in the Ancient Mediterranean World . (BAR International Series 1267.) Pp. X + 154, Ills, Colour Pls. Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Ltd, 2004. Paper. ISBN: 1-84171-373-. [REVIEW]Brian Arkins - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (02):490-.
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  8. Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Joseph Agassi, Dorit Bar-on, D. S. Clarke, Paul Sheldon Davies, Anthony J. Graybosch, Lila Luce, Paul K. Moser, Saul Smilansky, Roger Smook, William Sweet, John Tilley & Ruth Weintraub (eds.) - 1986 - M. Nijhoff.
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  9.  49
    David A. Pailin. A Gentle Touch: From a Theology of Handicap to a Theology of Being Human. London. S.P.C.K. 1992 X + 192.Robert L. Fastiggi. The Natural Theology of Yves de Paris. Atlanta Ga. Scholars Press. 1992. Pp 281. $19.95 Pbk.Merold Westphal. Hegel, Freedom and Modernity New York. State University Press of New York. 1992. Pp Xviii + 295.Paul Davies. The Mind of God: The Scientific Basis for a Rational World. New York. Simon and Schuster. Pp 245.Hiroshi Obayashi Ed. Death and Afterlife. New York. Greenwood Press. 1992. Pp Xxii + 209.B. M. Marshall. Theology and Dialogue: Essays in Conversation with George Lindbeck. Notre Dame Ind. University of Notre Dame. 1990. Pp 288. $29.95.Raymond I. Weiss. Maimonides' Ethics: The Encounter of Philosophic and Religious Morality. Chicago. University of Chicago Press. 1991. Pp 224. $23.95.David Ross Scully. Alfred North Whitehead: A First Look. New York. Vantage Press. 1991. Pp 96.Daniel A. Dombrowski. St John of the Cross: An Appreciation. Alb. [REVIEW]Peter Byrne - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (4):583.
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  10.  92
    Analyzing Vision at the Complexity Level.John K. Tsotsos - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):423-445.
    The general problem of visual search can be shown to be computationally intractable in a formal, complexity-theoretic sense, yet visual search is extensively involved in everyday perception, and biological systems manage to perform it remarkably well. Complexity level analysis may resolve this contradiction. Visual search can be reshaped into tractability through approximations and by optimizing the resources devoted to visual processing. Architectural constraints can be derived using the minimum cost principle to rule out a large class of potential solutions. The (...)
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  11.  3
    A Complexity Level Analysis of Vision.John K. Tsotsos - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):423-445.
    The general problem of visual search can be shown to be computationally intractable in a formal, complexity-theoretic sense, yet visual search is extensively involved in everyday perception, and biological systems manage to perform it remarkably well. Complexity level analysis may resolve this contradiction. Visual search can be reshaped into tractability through approximations and by optimizing the resources devoted to visual processing. Architectural constraints can be derived using the minimum cost principle to rule out a large class of potential solutions. The (...)
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  12.  33
    Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  13.  57
    A Brief and Selective History of Attention.John K. Tsotsos, Laurent Itti & Geraint Rees - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press.
  14.  9
    Schemas: Not yet an Interlingua for the Brain Sciences.John K. Tsotsos - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):447-448.
  15.  22
    ALCOVE: An Exemplar-Based Connectionist Model of Category Learning.John K. Kruschke - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):22-44.
  16.  14
    Complexity Level Analysis Revisited: What Can 30 Years of Hindsight Tell Us About How the Brain Might Represent Visual Information?John K. Tsotsos - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  17.  47
    William James, John Dewey, and the ‘Death-of-God’: JOHN K. ROTH.John K. Roth - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (1):53-61.
    Basic issues in the recent ‘death-of-God’ movement can be illuminated by comparison and contrast with the relevant ideas of two American philosophers, John Dewey and William James. Dewey is an earlier spokesman for ideas that are central to the ‘radical theology’ of Thomas J. J. Altizer, William Hamilton, and Paul Van Buren. His reasons for rejecting theism closely resemble propositions maintained by these ‘death-of-God’ theologians. James, on the other hand, points toward a theological alternative. He takes cognizance of ideas (...)
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  18.  21
    A Little Complexity Analysis Goes a Long Way.John K. Tsotsos - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):458-469.
  19.  17
    Beyond Health Outcomes: The Advantages of Measuring Process.I. K. Crombie & H. T. O. Davies - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (1):31-38.
  20.  19
    Bayesian Estimation Supersedes the T Test.John K. Kruschke - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):573-603.
  21.  4
    Cognitive Programs: Software for Attention's Executive.John K. Tsotsos & Wouter Kruijne - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  22. What to Believe: Bayesian Methods for Data Analysis.John K. Kruschke - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (7):293-300.
  23.  5
    Is Complexity Theory Appropriate for Analyzing Biological Systems?John K. Tsotsos - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):770-773.
  24.  33
    Isolation of the Muscular Component in a Proprioceptive Spatial Aftereffect.John K. Collins - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):297.
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  25. The Correspondence of Alfred Marshall, Economist.John K. Whitaker (ed.) - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the third of a three-volume work constituting a comprehensive, scholarly edition of the correspondence of the English economist, Alfred Marshall, one of the leading figures in the development of economics and the founder of the Cambridge School of Economics. The edition fills a long-standing gap in the history of economic thought with hitherto unpublished material. Students will find it a basic resource for understanding the development of economics and other social sciences in the period since 1870. In particular, (...)
     
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  26.  25
    Limited Capacity of Any Realizable Perceptual System Is a Sufficient Reason for Attentive Behavior.John K. Tsotsos - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):429-436.
  27.  21
    Computational Resources Do Constrain Behavior.John K. Tsotsos - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):506-507.
  28. Faultless Disagreement, Cognitive Command, and Epistemic Peers.John K. Davis - 2015 - Synthese 192 (1):1-24.
    Relativism and contextualism are the most popular accounts of faultless disagreement, but Crispin Wright once argued for an account I call divergentism. According to divergentism, parties who possess all relevant information and use the same standards of assessment in the same context of utterance can disagree about the same proposition without either party being in epistemic fault, yet only one of them is right. This view is an alternative to relativism, indexical contextualism, and nonindexical contextualism, and has advantages over those (...)
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  29.  35
    A Metacompleteness Theorem for Contraction-Free Relevant Logics.John K. Slaney - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (1-2):159 - 168.
    I note that the logics of the relevant group most closely tied to the research programme in paraconsistency are those without the contraction postulate(A.AB).AB and its close relatives. As a move towards gaining control of the contraction-free systems I show that they are prime (that wheneverA B is a theorem so is eitherA orB). The proof is an extension of the metavaluational techniques standardly used for analogous results about intuitionist logic or the relevant positive logics.
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  30.  29
    J. K. Davies: Democracy and Classical Greece. Pp. 284; 8 Plates. Hassocks, Sussex: Harvester Press/Glasgow: Collins-Fontana, 1978. £9·50 (Paper, £1·75). [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (02):297-.
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  31.  16
    J. K. Davies: Democracy and Classical Greece. Pp. 284; 8 Plates. Hassocks, Sussex: Harvester Press/Glasgow: Collins-Fontana, 1978. £9·50. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (2):297-297.
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  32.  16
    Reduced Models for Relevant Logics Without ${\Rm WI}$.John K. Slaney - 1987 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 28 (3):395-407.
  33.  7
    Locally Bayesian Learning with Applications to Retrospective Revaluation and Highlighting.John K. Kruschke - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):677-699.
  34.  86
    Precedent Autonomy and Subsequent Consent.John K. Davis - 2004 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):267-291.
    Honoring a living will typically involves treating an incompetent patient in accord with preferences she once had, but whose objects she can no longer understand. How do we respect her precedent autonomy by giving her what she used to want? There is a similar problem with subsequent consent: How can we justify interfering with someone''s autonomy on the grounds that she will later consent to the interference, if she refuses now?Both problems arise on the assumption that, to respect someone''s autonomy, (...)
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  35.  10
    John Norris: A Seventeenth Century English Thomist.John K. Ryan - 1940 - New Scholasticism 14 (2):109-145.
  36. Models of Categorization.John K. Kruschke - 2008 - In Ron Sun (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 267--301.
  37.  77
    Subjectivity, Judgment, and the Basing Relationship.John K. Davis - 2009 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (1):21-40.
    Moral and legal judgments sometimes depend on personal traits in this sense: the subject offers good reasons for her judgment, but if she had a different social or ideological background, her judgment would be different. If you would judge the constitutionality of restrictions on abortion differently if you were not a secular liberal, is your judgment really based on the arguments you find convincing, or do you find them so only because you are a secular liberal? I argue that a (...)
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  38.  63
    Conscientious Refusal and a Doctors's Right to Quit.John K. Davis - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):75 – 91.
    Patients sometimes request procedures their doctors find morally objectionable. Do doctors have a right of conscientious refusal? I argue that conscientious refusal is justified only if the doctor's refusal does not make the patient worse off than she would have been had she gone to another doctor in the first place. From this approach I derive conclusions about the duty to refer and facilitate transfer, whether doctors may provide 'moral counseling,' whether doctors are obligated to provide objectionable procedures when no (...)
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  39.  51
    How to Justify Enforcing a Ulysses Contract When Ulysses is Competent to Refuse.John K. Davis - 2008 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (1):pp. 87-106.
    Sometimes the mentally ill have sufficient mental capacity to refuse treatment competently, and others have a moral duty to respect their refusal. However, those with episodic mental disorders may wish to precommit themselves to treatment, using Ulysses contracts known as “mental health advance directives.” How can health care providers justify enforcing such contracts over an agent’s current, competent refusal? I argue that providers respect an agent’s autonomy not retrospectively—by reference to his or her past wishes—and not merely synchronically—so that the (...)
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  40. An Alternative to Relativism.John K. Davis - 2010 - Philosophical Topics 38 (2):17-37.
    Some moral disagreements are so persistent that we suspect they are deep : we would disagree even when we have all relevant information and no one makes any mistakes. The possibility of deep disagreement is thought to drive cognitivists toward relativism, but most cognitivists reject relativism. There is an alternative. According to divergentism, cognitivists can reject relativism while allowing for deep disagreement. This view has rarely been defended at length, but many philosophers have implicitly endorsed its elements. I will defend (...)
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  41.  38
    Pragmatic Decision Making: A Manager’s Epistemic Defence.John K. Alexander - 2003 - Philosophy of Management 3 (3):67-77.
    I was in manufacturing for over thirty years and a manager for nearly twenty-five. During that time it never occurred to me that the consequentialist, utilitarian framework I used was inadequate as a conceptual framework for making decisions to ensure organisational viability and success. The framework gave three criteria which enabled me to construct a rational approach to issues associated with my role as a manager: to make product at the lowest possible cost so as to maximise the bottom line; (...)
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  42. Intuition and the Junctures of Judgment in Decision Procedures for Clinical Ethics.John K. Davis - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):1-30.
    Moral decision procedures such as principlism or casuistry require intuition at certain junctures, as when a principle seems indeterminate, or principles conflict, or we wonder which paradigm case is most relevantly similar to the instant case. However, intuitions are widely thought to lack epistemic justification, and many ethicists urge that such decision procedures dispense with intuition in favor of forms of reasoning that provide discursive justification. I argue that discursive justification does not eliminate or minimize the need for intuition, or (...)
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  43. Life-Extension and the Malthusian Objection.John K. Davis - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (1):27 – 44.
    The worst possible way to resolve this issue is to leave it up to individual choice. There is no known social good coming from the conquest of death (Bailey, 1999). - Daniel Callahan Dramatically extending the human lifespan seems increasingly possible. Many bioethicists object that life-extension will have Malthusian consequences as new Methuselahs accumulate, generation by generation. I argue for a Life-Years Response to the Malthusian Objection. If even a minority of each generation chooses life-extension, denying it to them deprives (...)
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  44. Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide.John K. Roth (ed.) - 2005 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Genocide is evil or nothing could be. It raises a host of questions about humanity, rights, justice, and reality, which are key areas of concern for philosophy. Strangely, however, philosophers have tended to ignore genocide. Even more problematic, philosophy and philosophers bear more responsibility for genocide than they have usually admitted. In Genocide and Human Rights: A Philosophical Guide, an international group of twenty-five contemporary philosophers work to correct those deficiencies by showing how philosophy can and should repsond to genocide, (...)
     
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  45.  14
    Charles Peirce's Guess at the Riddle: Grounds for Human Significance.John K. Sheriff - 1994 - Indiana University Press.
    "Sheriff’s text moves the "guess" to a new level of understanding, while integrating much of Peirce’s philosophy, and provokes many questions." —Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy Newletter "The purpose of Sheriff’s work is to expound Peirce’s unified theory of the universe—from cosmology to semiotic—and to discuss its ramifications for how we should live. He concludes that Peirce has given us a theory we can live with. The book makes an important contribution to philosophy of life and to the (...)
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  46.  61
    Euthanasia and Quality of Life.John K. DiBaise - 2017 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 17 (3):417-424.
    Euthanasia advocates argue that end-of-life decisions should be based on patients’ autonomous evaluations of their own quality of life. The question is whether a patient’s quality of life has deteriorated so far as to make death a benefit. Criteria for evaluating quality of life are, however, unavoidably arbitrary and unjust. The concept is difficult to define, and human autonomy has limits. This essay discusses the moral issues raised by quality-of-life judgments at the end of life: who makes them, what criteria (...)
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  47.  10
    John Kenyon DaviesJohn Joseph Wilkes , Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences, Oxford – New York . 2012.Walter Ameling - 2016 - Klio 98 (2):796-799.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Klio Jahrgang: 98 Heft: 2 Seiten: 796-799.
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  48.  12
    The Perception of Causality: Feature Binding in Interacting Objects.John K. Kruschke & Michael M. Fragassi - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 441--446.
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  49.  14
    A Structurally Complete Fragment of Relevant Logic.John K. Slaney & Robert K. Meyer - 1992 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 33 (4):561-566.
  50.  10
    TrachiniaeTragic Rhetoric: An Interpretation of Sophocles' Trachiniae. [REVIEW]John Kittmer, Sophocles, M. Davies & B. Heiden - 1993 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 113:187-189.
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