Results for 'Jon M. Fincham'

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  1.  80
    A Central Circuit of the Mind.John R. Anderson, Jon M. Fincham, Yulin Qin & Andrea Stocco - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):136-143.
  2.  34
    Discovering the Sequential Structure of Thought.John R. Anderson & Jon M. Fincham - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):322-352.
    Multi-voxel pattern recognition techniques combined with Hidden Markov models can be used to discover the mental states that people go through in performing a task. The combined method identifies both the mental states and how their durations vary with experimental conditions. We apply this method to a task where participants solve novel mathematical problems. We identify four states in the solution of these problems: Encoding, Planning, Solving, and Respond. The method allows us to interpret what participants are doing on individual (...)
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  3.  7
    Using fMRI to Test Models of Complex Cognition.John R. Anderson, Cameron S. Carter, Jon M. Fincham, Yulin Qin, Susan M. Ravizza & Miriam Rosenberg-Lee - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (8):1323-1348.
  4.  23
    The Proactive Corporation: Its Nature and Causes. [REVIEW]Jon M. Shepard, Michael Betz & Lenahan O'Connell - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1001-1010.
    We argue that the stakeholder perspective on corporate social responsibility is in the process of being enlarged. Due to the process of institutional isomorphism, corporations are increasingly adopting organizational features designed to promote proactivity over mere reactivity in their stakeholder relationships. We identify two sources of pressure promoting the emergence of the proactive corporation -- stakeholder activism and the recognition of the social embeddedness of the economy. The final section describes four organizational design dimensions being installed by the more proactive (...)
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  5.  10
    Gratitude and Depressive Symptoms: The Role of Positive Reframing and Positive Emotion.Nathaniel M. Lambert, Frank D. Fincham & Tyler F. Stillman - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):615-633.
  6.  30
    Egoistic and Ethical Orientations of University Students Toward Work-Related Decisions.Jon M. Shepard & Linda S. Hartenian - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (4):303 - 310.
    An onslaught of ethically questionable actions by top government, business, and religious leaders during the 1980s has brought the issue of ethics in decision making to the forefront of public consciousness. This study examines the ethical orientation of university students in four decision-making situations. The dependent variable — ethical orientation toward work-related decisions — is measured through student responses to questions following four work-related vignettes. Possible responses to each vignette are structured to permit categorization of respondents into two broad orientations: (...)
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  7.  48
    The Maturing of the Japanese Economy: Corporate Social Responsibility Implications.Jon M. Shepard - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (3):527-540.
    This paper examines corporate social responsibility in Japan today within the context of the paradigm of the moral unity of business. Under this paradigm, business is expected to operate under the same set of moral standards operative in other societal institutions. We suggest that a micro moral unity characterizes Japan—business activity is linked to that society’s moral values but only within carefully circumscribed communities of interest. Because of the strains brought on by the maturing of the Japanese economy, the negative (...)
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  8.  16
    The Place of Ethics in Business: Shifting Paradigms?Jon M. Shepard, Jon Shepard, James C. Wimbush & Carroll U. Stephens - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):577-601.
    This article uses concepts from sociology, history, and philosophy to explore the shifting relationship between moral values and business in the Western world. We examine the historical roots and intellectual underpinnings of two major business-society paradigms in ideal-type terms. In pre-industrial Western society, we argue that business activity was linked to society’s values of morality . Armed with this understanding of the intellectual history of the moral unity and amoral business-society paradigms, we suggest that some variant of the moral unity (...)
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  9.  15
    Teaching Business Ethics Through Literature.Jon M. Shepard, Michael G. Goldsby & Virginia W. Gerde - 1997 - Teaching Business Ethics 1 (1):33-51.
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  10.  15
    The Place of Ethics in Business: Shifting Paradigms?Jon M. Shepard, Jon Shepard, James C. Wimbush & Carroll U. Stephens - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):577-601.
    This article uses concepts from sociology, history, and philosophy to explore the shifting relationship between moral values and business in the Western world. We examine the historical roots and intellectual underpinnings of two major business-society paradigms in ideal-type terms. In pre-industrial Western society, we argue that business activity was linked to society’s values of morality (the moral unity paradigm}-for good or for ill. With the rise of industrialism, we contend that business was freed from moral constraints by the alleged “invisible (...)
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  11.  41
    Kant and the Concept of Race: Late Eighteenth-Century Writings.Jon M. Mikkelsen (ed.) - 2013 - State University of New York Press.
    Late eighteenth-century writings on race by Kant and four of his contemporaries.
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  12.  20
    Personal Philosophy and Personnel Achievement: Belief in Free Will Predicts Better Job Performance.Tyler F. Stillman, Roy F. Baumeister, Kathleen D. Vohs, Nathaniel M. Lambert, Frank D. Fincham & Lauren E. Brewer - 2010 - .
    Do philosophic views affect job performance? The authors found that possessing a belief in free will predicted better career attitudes and actual job performance. The effect of free will beliefs on job performance indicators were over and above well-established predictors such as conscientiousness, locus of control, and Protestant work ethic. In Study 1, stronger belief in free will corresponded to more positive attitudes about expected career success. In Study 2, job performance was evaluated objectively and independently by a supervisor. Results (...)
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  13.  13
    Walker Percy on the Cartesian Ideal of Knowing.Jon M. Young - 1990 - Renascence 42 (3):123-140.
  14.  70
    An Examination of the Relationship Between Ethical Work Climate and Moral Awareness.Craig V. VanSandt, Jon M. Shepard & Stephen M. Zappe - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (4):409-432.
    This paper draws from the fields of history, sociology, psychology, moral philosophy, and organizational theory to establish a theoretical connection between a social/organizational influence (ethical work climate) and an individual cognitive element of moral behavior (moral awareness). The research was designed to help to fill a gap in the existing literature by providing empirical evidence of the connection between organizational influences and individual moral awareness and subsequent ethical choices, which has heretofore largely been merely assumed. Results of the study provide (...)
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  15. Toward an Understanding of Ethical Climate: Its Relationship to Ethical Behavior and Supervisory Influence. [REVIEW]James C. Wimbush & Jon M. Shepard - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (8):637 - 647.
    In recent years, theoretical and empirical developments in the area of organizational climate has provided the impetus for research concerning ethical climate. According to this latter research, ethical climate is a multi-dimensional construct which is manifested in organizations. Studies, however, have not focused on the relationship between ethical climate and ethical behavior. Furthermore, an enhanced understanding of the multi-dimensionality of ethical climate will likely advance what we know about organizational climate and culture in general. We propose further examination of ethical (...)
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  16.  9
    Earwitnessing (In)Equity: Tracing the Intra-Active Encounters of ‘Being-in-Resonance-With’ Sound and the Social Contexts of Education.Jon M. Wargo - 2018 - Educational Studies 54 (4):382-395.
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  17.  53
    An Empirical Examination of the Relationship Between Ethical Climate and Ethical Behavior From Multiple Levels of Analysis.James C. Wimbush, Jon M. Shepard & Steven E. Markham - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (16):1705-1716.
    Victor and Cullen (1988) identified several dimensions of ethical climate that exist in organizations and organizational subunits. We tested the relationship between these dimensions of ethical climate and ethical behavior at different levels of analysis. Using Within and Between Analysis (WABA) (cf. Dansereau, Alutto and Yammarino, 1984), partial support was found for a relationship between dimensions of ethical climate and ethical behavior.
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  18.  8
    Book Review: New Century Healthcare: Strategies for Providers, Purchasers and Plans.Jon M. Thompson - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (3):338-339.
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  19.  22
    Robert B. Baker;, Arthur L. Caplan;, Linda L. Emanuel;, Stephen R. Latham . The American Medical Ethics Revolution: How the AMA’s Code of Ethics Has Transformed Physicians’ Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society. Xl + 396 Pp., Table, Apps., Bibls., Index. Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. $59.95. [REVIEW]Jon M. Harkness - 2002 - Isis 93 (4):732-733.
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  20.  16
    A Bound on Synchronically Interpretable Structure.Jon M. Slack - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (3):305–333.
    Multiple explanatory frameworks may be required to provide an adequate account of human cognition. This paper embeds the classical account within a neural network framework, exploring the encoding of syntacticallystructured objects over the synchronicdiachronic characteristics of networks. Synchronic structure is defined in terms of temporal binding and the superposition of states. To accommodate asymmetric relations, synchronic structure is subject to the type uniqueness constraint. The nature of synchronic structure is shown to underlie Xbar theory that characterizes the phrasal structure of (...)
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  21.  22
    Dr Beringer's Fossils: A Study in the Evolution of Scientific World View.Jon M. Mallatt - 1982 - Annals of Science 39 (4):371-380.
    This paper deals with a major problem of the early days of the science of palaeontology, the nature and origin of fossils. In 1725, the German physician and academician, Dr Johann Beringer, was deceived into believing that fraudulent, carved stones were true fossils. Despite an extensive analysis, Beringer was not able to fit his ‘fossils’ to any contemporary concept of how fossils originate. The reason for Beringer's inability to classify his stones is explored here. It is argued that the carvings (...)
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  22.  4
    Gerald Kutcher. Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military. X + 247 Pp., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2009. $35. [REVIEW]Jon M. Harkness - 2010 - Isis 101 (4):919-921.
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  23.  53
    An Empirical Examination of the Multi-Dimensionality of Ethical Climate in Organizations.James C. Wimbush, Jon M. Shepard & Steven E. Markham - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):67-77.
    The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ethical climate dimensions identified by Victor and Cullen (1987, 1988) could be replicated in the subunits of a multi-unit organization and if so, were the dimensions associated with particular types of operating units. We identified three of the dimensions of ethical climate found by Victor and Cullen and also found a new dimension of ethical climate related to service. Partial support was found for Victor and Cullen's hypothesis that certain ethical (...)
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  24.  10
    2 Corinthians 12:1–10.Jon M. Walton - 1998 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 52 (3):293-296.
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  25.  4
    Polanyian Educational Dimensions of Mill's Mental Crisis.Jon M. Fennell - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (1):201-213.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  26.  77
    Gender Differences in Proclivity for Unethical Behavior.Michael Betz, Lenahan O'Connell & Jon M. Shepard - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (5):321 - 324.
    This paper explores possible connections between gender and the willingness to engage in unethical business behavior. Two approaches to gender and ethics are presented: the structural approach and the socialization approach. Data from a sample of 213 business school students reveal that men are more than two times as likely as women to engage in actions regarded as unethical but it is also important to note that relatively few would engage in any of these actions with the exception of buying (...)
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  27.  1
    “Can I Just Be a Human?” Reading LGBTQ+ Youths’ Civics Talk-as-Text.Jon M. Wargo - 2022 - Journal of Social Studies Research 46 (1):19-33.
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  28.  10
    An Experimental and Numerical Study of the Influence of Local Effects on the Application of the Fibre Push-in Test.Jon M. Molina-Aldareguía, M. Rodríguez, C. González & J. LLorca - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (7-9):1293-1307.
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  29.  10
    Fairness and Ideology An Empirical Test of Social Contracts Theory.George W. Watson, Jon M. Shepard & Carroll U. Stephens - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (1):83-108.
  30.  17
    Ideology and the Economic Social Contract in a Downsizing Environment.George Watson, Jon M. Shepard, Carroll U. Stephens, Amp & Others) - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (4):659-672.
    By combining normative philosophy and empirical social science, we craft a research framework for assessing differential expectations embodied in normative conceptions of the economic social contract in the United States. We argue that there are distinctviews of such a contract grounded in individualist and communitarian philosophical ideologies. We apply this framework to organizational downsizing, postulating that certain human resource practices, in combination with the respective ideological orientations, will affect perceptions of the justice of downsizing policies.Living up to one’s word is (...)
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  31.  23
    An Organizational Field Approach to Corporate Rationality: The Role of Stakeholder Activism.Lenahan L. O’Connell, Carroll U. Stephens, Michael Betz, Jon M. Shepard & Jamie R. Hendry - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):93-111.
    This paper contends that rationality is more properly evaluated as a property of an organization’s relationships with its stakeholders than of the organization itself. We predicate our approach on the observation that stakeholders can hold goals quite distinct from those of owners and top managers, and these too can be rationally pursued. We build upon stakeholder theory and Weber’s classic distinction between wertrationalitat and zweckrationalitat, adding to them the “new institutionalist” concept of the organization field . Stakeholders employ a variety (...)
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  32.  30
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Harriet B. Morrison, John H. Chilcott, Ezrl Atzmon, John T. Zepper, Milton K. Reimer, Gillian Elliott Smith, James E. Christensen, Albert E. Bender, Nancy R. King, W. Sherman Rush, Ann H. Hastings, Kenneth V. Lottich, J. Theodore Klein, Sally H. Wertheim, Bernard J. Kohlbrenner, William T. Lowe, Beverly Lindsay, Ronald E. Butchart, E. Dean Butler, Jon M. Fennell & Eleanor Kallman Roemer - 1981 - Educational Studies 11 (4):403-435.
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  33.  33
    Medico-Ethical Versus Biological Evaluationism, and the Concept of Disease.Jon A. Lindstrøm - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):165-173.
    According to the ‘fact-plus-value’ model of pathology propounded by K. W. M. Fulford, ‘disease’ is a value term that ought to reflect a ‘balance of values’ stemming from patients and doctors and other ‘stakeholders’ in medical nosology. In the present article I take issue with his linguistic-analytical arguments for why pathological status must be relative to such a kind of medico-ethical normativity. Fulford is right to point out that Boorse and other naturalists are compelled to utilize evaluative terminology when they (...)
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  34.  24
    Christ as Mediator: A Study of the Theologies of Eusebius of Caesarea, Marcellus of Ancyra, and Athanasius of Alexandria. By Jon M. Robertson: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]David Meconi - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (4):707-708.
  35.  76
    The Structure of Scientific Inference, By M. B. Hesse. [REVIEW]Jon Dorling - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):61-71.
  36.  4
    Ecological Sex Ratios and Human Mating.Jon K. Maner & Joshua M. Ackerman - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  37.  50
    D. F. M ACKRETH : Orton Hall Farm: A Roman and Early Anglo-Saxon Farmstead . (East AnglianArchaeology, 76.) Pp. Xvii + 255. Manchester: Nene Valley Research Committee, 1996. £35. ISBN: 0-9528105-0-6. R. P. J. J ACKSON , T. W. P OTTER : Excavations at Stonea, Cambridgeshire 1980–85 . Pp. 749. London: British Museum, 1997. £195. ISBN: 0-7141-1385-. [REVIEW]G. R. Fincham - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (1):310-310.
  38.  19
    Recursive Causality in Bayesian Networks and Self-Fibring Networks.Jon Williamson & D. M. Gabbay - unknown
  39.  31
    Barwise Jon and Moss Lawrence. Vicious Circles. On the Mathematics of Non-Wellfounded Phenomena. CSLI Lecture Notes, No. 60. CSLI Publications, Stanford1996, Also Distributed by Cambridge University Press, New York, X + 390 Pp. [REVIEW]M. Boffa - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):1039-1040.
  40.  49
    The Current Arab Work Ethic: Antecedents, Implications, and Potential Remedies.Yusuf M. Sidani & Jon Thornberry - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):35-49.
    This article begins with the premise that market-oriented development strategies require more than the free movement of the factors of production from one use to another; they also require a positive work ethic and an energetic and committed workforce. However, the existing Arab work ethic does not seem conducive to␣development and change. This article assesses some antecedents that might have led to the emergence of the existing work ethic. First, we address the potential role of religion in developing a value (...)
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  41.  55
    Why Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Is Not a True Medical Syndrome.Jon A. Lindstrøm - 2012 - Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry 14 (1):61-73.
    Critics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have repeatedly argued that there is no proof for the condition being symptomatic of an organic brain disease and that the current "ADHD epidemic" is an expression of medicalization. To this, the supporters of ADHD can retort that the condition is only defined as a mental disorder and not a physical disease. As such, ADHD needs only be a harmful mental dysfunction, which, like other genuine disorders, can have a complex and obscure etiology. This article (...)
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  42.  8
    Review: Jon Barwise, Lawrence Moss, Vicious Circles. On the Mathematics of Non-Wellfounded Phenomena. [REVIEW]M. Boffa - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):1039-1040.
  43.  53
    Nepotism in the Arab World: An Institutional Theory Perspective.Yusuf M. Sidani & Jon Thornberry - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):69-96.
    We examine the practice of nepotism in the Arab World and analyze how a rational-legal model of bureaucracy was never able to take hold. We draw upon ideas from institutional theory and related notions of legitimacy to provide an explanation of nepotism’s extraordinary persistence. Then we use arguments to speculate how the appearance of institutional entrepreneurs who are advocates for a new hybrid form of nepotism might begin to colonize a social space created by larger political and economic changes that (...)
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  44.  10
    Benefits of Extending and Adjusting the Level of Difficulty on Computerized Cognitive Training for Children with Intellectual Disabilities.Jon Ottersen & Katja M. Grill - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  45.  10
    Transfer of Training as a Function of Stimulus and Response Integration of Paired Associates.M. J. Homzie, L. E. Hardacre & Jon Weimer - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (3):383-388.
  46. Jon Elster, Political Psychology.M. Roberts - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
  47.  11
    Towards a Reliable Procedure for the Measurement of Elastic Modulus in Instrumented Indentation.Jon Alkorta, José M. Martínez-Esnaola & Javier Gil Sevillano - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (7-9):1400-1408.
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  48.  22
    Book Review: Doris M. Kieser, Catholic Sexual Theology and Adolescent Girls: Embodied Flourishing and Richard W. McCarty, Sexual Virtue: An Approach to Contemporary Christian Ethics. [REVIEW]Jon Waind - 2018 - Studies in Christian Ethics 31 (1):111-118.
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  49.  7
    Machover M.. The Theory of Transfinite Recursion. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. Vol. 67 . Pp. 575–578.Jon Barwise - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):335-335.
  50. Kierkegaard Research: Sources, Reception and Resources, Vol. 15, Tome VI.Jon Stewart, Steven M. Emmanuel & William McDonald (eds.) - 2015 - Ashgate.
     
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