Results for 'Frederick A. Spencer'

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  1.  45
    A Letter From Mr. Herbert Spencer.Herbert Spencer - 1893 - The Monist 3 (2):272-272.
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  2. Sins of Trade and Business, a Sermon, by the Hon. W.H. Lyttelton, and the Morals of Trade, by H. Spencer.William Henry Lyttelton & Herbert Spencer - 1874
     
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  3. Preface to the Second Edition of 'Modern Physical Fatalism' by Thomas Rawson Birks, Being a Reply to the Strictures of H. Spencer [in an Appendix to the 4th Ed. Of First Principles].Charles Pritchard, Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer - 1882
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  4. Evolutionary Ethics, Critical Study of H. Spencer's 'Data of Ethics', a Paper.Clarence H. Seyler & Herbert Spencer - 1891
     
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  5.  22
    Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy". --.Herbert Spencer - 1878 - Appleton.
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  6. Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions. With a Notice of Spencer's New System of Philosophy.Herbert Spencer - 1873 - D. Appleton and Company.
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  7. Mr. Herbert Spencer and the British Quarterly Review [a Reply to Criticisms. With] Appendices.Herbert Spencer - 1874
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  8.  16
    Addition of Ezetimibe to Statins for Patients at High Cardiovascular Risk: Systematic Review of Patient‐Important Outcomes.Yutong Fei, Gordon Henry Guyatt, Paul Elias Alexander, Regina El Dib, Reed A. C. Siemieniuk, Per Olav Vandvik, Mark E. Nunnally, Huda Gomaa, Rebecca L. Morgan, Arnav Agarwal, Ying Zhang, Neera Bhatnagar & Frederick A. Spencer - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):222-231.
  9.  22
    Book Reviews Section 2.William A. Spencer, Joseph C. English, Manuel Maldonado Rivera, Paul F. Anater, Richard Edward Kelly, Hubert J. Keenan, Edward J. Power, Richard R. Renner, Bruce G. Beezer, Don Cochrane, George S. Macia, Harold B. Dunkel & Frederick C. Neff - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (2):75-84.
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  10.  59
    A Racial Classification for Medical Genetics.Quayshawn Nigel Julian Spencer - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (5):1013-1037.
    In the early 2000s, Esteban Burchard and his colleagues defended a controversial route to the view that there’s a racial classification of people that’s useful in medicine. The route, which I call ‘Burchard’s route,’ is arguing that there’s a racial classification of people that’s useful in medicine because, roughly, there’s a racial classification with medically relevant genetic differentiation :1170–1175, 2003). While almost all scholars engaged in this debate agree that there’s a racial classification of people that’s useful in medicine in (...)
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  11.  24
    Measuring the Relative Importances of Social Responsibility Components: A Decision Modeling Approach. [REVIEW]Barbara A. Spencer & John K. Butler - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):573 - 577.
    In this study, a decision modeling approach is used to measure the relative importances of four social responsibility components. When given information concerning the economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic activities of 16 hypothetical organizations, 159 junior and senior management students judged the social responsibility of these firms. The study used two types of analysis: first, a within-subject regression, then a between-subject ANOVA. Results showed ethical behavior to be most important in judging social responsibility; legal behavior was second, discretionary behavior third, (...)
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  12. Herbert Spencer: Collected Writings.Herbert Spencer - 1996 - Routledge.
    Herbert Spencer was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, and (...)
     
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  13. Nagging Doubts and a Glimmer of Hope: The Role of Implicit Self-Esteem in Self-Image Maintenance.Steven J. Spencer, Christian H. Jordan, Christine Er Logel, Mark P. Zanna, A. Tesser, J. V. Wood & D. A. Stapel - 2005 - In Abraham Tesser, Joanne V. Wood & Diederik A. Stapel (eds.), On Building, Defending and Regulating the Self: A Psychological Perspective. Psychology Press.
     
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  14.  22
    Habituation: A Model Phenomenon for the Study of Neuronal Substrates of Behavior.Richard F. Thompson & William A. Spencer - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (1):16-43.
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  15.  2
    Costs of Preparing to Implement a Virtual Reality Job Interview Training Programme in a Community Mental Health Agency: A Budget Impact Analysis.Matthew J. Smith, Andrea K. Graham, Rachel Sax, E.‐Shawn Spencer, Lisa A. Razzano, Justin D. Smith & Neil Jordan - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  16.  8
    A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch.M. A. PhD, R. N. T. RN, Wayne Spencer & Stephen Matthiesen Dipl-Phys PhD - 2002 - Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163–176.
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  17. Di Erste Printsipen Fun a Sistem Fun Sintetisher Filozofie.Herbert Spencer & Y. A. Merison - 1910 - Literarisher Ferlag.
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  18.  28
    A Companion to Business Ethics.Robert Frederick (ed.) - 1999 - Blackwell.
    In a series of articles specifically commossioned for this volume, some of today's most distinguished business ethicists survey the main areas of interest and ...
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  19.  16
    Economy Suspended: The Possibilities of a Badiouian Business Ethics.Robert B. Couch & Joseph M. Spencer - 2013 - Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (4):404-416.
    In the philosophy of Alain Badiou, ethics can only arise in relation to an evental truth procedure that breaks from the economic logic of a situation. Further, because for Badiou there cannot be economic truths per se – rather, economic matters must be understood in their relation to one or more truths in the domain of love, art, science or politics – a Badiouian business ethics would look entirely distinct from any ethics that simply places limits on certain kinds of (...)
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  20. A Radical Solution to the Race Problem.Quayshawn Spencer - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):1025-1038.
    It has become customary among philosophers and biologists to claim that folk racial classification has no biological basis. This paper attempts to debunk that view. In this paper, I show that ‘race’, as used in current U.S. race talk, picks out a biologically real entity. I do this by, first, showing that ‘race’, in this use, is not a kind term, but a proper name for a set of human population groups. Next, using recent human genetic clustering results, I show (...)
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  21. A Model of Heuristic Judgment.Daniel Kahneman & Shane Frederick - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 267--293.
    The program of research now known as the heuristics and biases approach began with a study of the statistical intuitions of experts, who were found to be excessively confident in the replicability of results from small samples. The persistence of such systematic errors in the intuitions of experts implied that their intuitive judgments may be governed by fundamentally different processes than the slower, more deliberate computations they had been trained to execute. The ancient idea that cognitive processes can be partitioned (...)
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  22.  4
    The Meaning of Christianity. Frederick A. M. Spencer.G. A. Johnston - 1914 - International Journal of Ethics 24 (4):476-477.
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  23.  5
    Book Review:The Meaning of Christianity. Frederick A. M. Spencer[REVIEW]G. A. Johnston - 1914 - Ethics 24 (4):476-.
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  24. The Meaning of Christianity, by Frederick A. M. Spencer[REVIEW]G. A. Johnston - 1913 - Ethics 24:476.
     
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  25.  36
    I—A More Radical Solution to the Race Problem.Quayshawn Spencer - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):25-48.
    One debate that metaphysicians of race have been consumed with since the 1990s is what we can call the US race debate, which is the debate about what the nature and reality of race is according to the dominant ways that ‘race’ and race terms are used to classify people in contemporary American English. In 2014, I contributed a defence of biological racial realism in the US race debate that utilized new results about human genetic clustering from population genetics. In (...)
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  26.  24
    Book Review:The Meaning of Christianity. Frederick A. M. Spencer[REVIEW]T. Whittaker - 1913 - Ethics 23 (4):478-.
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  27. The Meaning of Christianity, by Frederick A. M. Spencer[REVIEW]T. Whittaker - 1912 - Ethics 23:478.
     
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  28. A Tale of Two Simples.Joshua Spencer - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):167 - 181.
    A material simple is a material object that has no proper parts. Some philosophers have argued for the possibility of extended simples. Some have even argued for the possibility of heterogeneous simples or simples that have intrinsic variations across their surfaces. There is a puzzle, though, that is meant to show that extended, heterogeneous simples are impossible. Although several plausible responses have been given to this puzzle, I wish to reopen the case against extended, heterogeneous simples. In this paper, I (...)
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  29.  73
    Biological Theory and the Metaphysics of Race: A Reply to Kaplan and Winther. [REVIEW]Quayshawn Spencer - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (1):114-120.
    In Kaplan and Winther’s recent article they argue for three bold theses: first, that “it is illegitimate to read any ontology about ‘ race ’ off of biological theory or data”; second, that “using biological theory to ground race is a pernicious reification”; and, third, that “ race is fundamentally a social rather than a biological category.” While Kaplan and Winther’s theses are thoughtful, I show that the arguments that their theses rest on are unconvincing. In order to be constructive, (...)
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  30. Book Review: Dating Acts: Between the Evangelists and the Apologists by Richard I. Pervo Polebridge, Santa Rosa, Calif., 2006. 513 Pp. $47.50. ISBN 0-944344-73-9.; Marcion and Luke-Acts: A Defining Struggle by Joseph B. Tyson University of South Carolina, Columbia, 2006. 192 Pp. $39.95 (Cloth). ISBN 978-1-57003-650-7. [REVIEW]F. Scott Spencer - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (2):190-193.
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  31. A Critique of Lester's Account of Liberty.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Libertarian Papers 5:45-66.
    In Escape from Leviathan, Jan Lester sets out a conception of liberty as absence of imposed cost which, he says, advances no moral claim and does not premise an assignm..
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  32. Book Review: Death and Resurrection: The Shape and Function of a Literary Motif in the Book of ActsDeath and Resurrection: The Shape and Function of a Literary Motif in the Book of ActsbyHortonDennis J.Pickwick, Eugene, Ore, 2009. 136 Pp. $17.00. ISBN 978-1-60608-290-4. [REVIEW]F. Scott Spencer - 2010 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (4):428-429.
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  33.  93
    Book Review: The Acts of the Apostles: A New Translation with Introduction and CommentaryThe Acts of the Apostles: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, byFitzmyerJoseph A.. Anchor Bible 31.. Doubleday, New York, 1998. 851pp. $45.00. ISBN 0-385-46880-6. [REVIEW]F. Scott Spencer - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (4):412-415.
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  34. Doxastic Voluntarism: A Sceptical Defence.Danny Frederick - 2013 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 3 (1):24-44.
    Doxastic voluntarism maintains that we have voluntary control over our beliefs. It is generally denied by contemporary philosophers. I argue that doxastic voluntarism is true: normally, and insofar as we are rational, we are able to suspend belief and, provided we have a natural inclination to believe, we are able to rescind that suspension, and thus to choose to believe. I show that the arguments that have been offered against doxastic voluntarism fail; and that, if the denial of doxastic voluntarism (...)
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  35. A Competitive Market in Human Organs.Danny Frederick - 2010 - Libertarian Papers 2:1-21.
    I offer consequentialist and deontological arguments for a competitive market in human organs, from live as well as dead donors. I consider the objections that a market in organs will frustrate altruism, coerce the desperate, expose under-informed agents to unacceptable risks, exacerbate inequality, degrade those who participate in it, involve a kind of slavery, impose invidious costs, and impair third-party choice sets. I show that each of these objections is without merit and that, in consequence, the opposition to markets in (...)
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  36.  72
    Book Review: Acts In Its Ancient Literary Context: A Classicist Looks at the Acts of the ApostlesActs In Its Ancient Literary Context: A Classicist Looks at the Acts of the ApostlesbyAlexanderLoveday C.A.T & T Clark International, London, 2006. 290 Pp. $49.95. ISBN 978-0-567-08219-0. [REVIEW]F. Scott Spencer - 2009 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63 (1):95-95.
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  37. A Puzzle About Natural Laws and the Existence of God.Danny Frederick - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):269-283.
    The existence of natural laws, whether deterministic or indeterministic, and whether exceptionless or ceteris paribus, seems puzzling because it implies that mindless bits of matter behave in a consistent and co-ordinated way. I explain this puzzle by showing that a number of attempted solutions fail. The puzzle could be resolved if it were assumed that natural laws are a manifestation of God’s activity. This argument from natural law to God’s existence differs from its traditional counterparts in that, whereas the latter (...)
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  38.  36
    Notes for a Third Millennial Manifesto: Renewal and Redefinition in Business Ethics.William C. Frederick - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):159-167.
    Business ethics in the new millennium will confront both new and old questions that are being transformed by the changed pace and direction of human evolution. These questions embrace human nature, values, inquiring methods, technological change, geopolitics, natural disasters, and the moral role of business in all of these. The emergence and acceptance of technosymbolic phenomena may signal a slow transition of carbon-based human life toward greater dependence upon silicon-based virtualities across a wide range ofhuman possibilities. The resultant moral issues (...)
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  39.  26
    Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room.Slawomir J. Nasuto, John Mark Bishop, Etienne B. Roesch & Matthew C. Spencer - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):209-223.
    John Searle’s Chinese Room Argument purports to demonstrate that syntax is not sufficient for semantics, and, hence, because computation cannot yield understanding, the computational theory of mind, which equates the mind to an information processing system based on formal computations, fails. In this paper, we use the CRA, and the debate that emerged from it, to develop a philosophical critique of recent advances in robotics and neuroscience. We describe results from a body of work that contributes to blurring the divide (...)
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  40. A Critique of Michael Huemer’s 'The Problem of Political Authority'.Danny Frederick - 2015 - Reason Papers 37 (2):178-97.
    How could a state have the moral authority to promulgate and enforce laws that citizens are thereby obliged to obey? That is the problem of political authority. The Consequentialist Explanation of Political Authority contends that great social benefits depend upon there being a state with political authority. In his book, The Problem of Political Authority, Michael Huemer considers different types of explanation of political authority and he rejects them all. I show that the objections he raises to consequentialist accounts are (...)
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  41. Is There a Problem of the Essential Indexical?Cara Spencer - manuscript
    Some time ago, John Perry argued that the content of an indexical belief, that is, a belief expressible with a sentence containing an indexical or demonstrative, cannot be a proposition. I consider several of his arguments for this view, and show that they can be extended to show that belief expressible with other non-indexical expressions such as natural kind terms and proper names presents the very same problem for the traditional picture. I then suggest that if indexical belief has any (...)
     
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  42. A Longitudinal Study of the Effectiveness of Business Ethics Education: Establishing the Baseline. [REVIEW]Donna Fletcher-Brown, Anthony F. Buono, Robert Frederick, Gregory Hall & Jahangir Sultan - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (1):45-56.
    This paper is the first phase of a longitudinal study of the class of 2014 on the effectiveness of ethics education at a business university. This phase of the project establishes the baseline attributes of incoming college freshmen with a pretest of the students’ ethical proclivity as measured by Defining Issues Test (DIT-2) scores. The relationship between the students’ ethical reasoning and their behavior in experimental stock trading sessions is then examined. In the trading simulations, randomly selected students were provided (...)
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  43.  12
    Anchoring Values in Nature: Toward a Theory of Business Values.William C. Frederick - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):283-303.
    The dominant values of the business system-economizing and power-aggrandizing-are manifestations of natural evolutionary forces to which sociocultural meaning has been assigned. Economizing tends to slow life-negating entropic processes, while power-aggrandizement enhances them. Both economizing and power-aggrandizing work against a third value cluster- ecologizing-which sustains community integrity. The contradictory tensions and conflicts generated among these three value clusters define the central normative issues posed by business operations. While both economizing and ecologizing are antientropic and therefore life-supporting, power augmentation, which negates the (...)
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  44.  31
    A Spurious Paradox.Danny Frederick - manuscript
    Niko Kolodny and John MacFarlane claim that a situation involving some trapped miners involves a deontic paradox the resolution of which requires rejecting the logical law of modus ponens. I show that the appearance of paradox results from confusion and that the miners case supplies no cogent reason for impugning modus ponens.
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  45.  51
    Brittleness and Bureaucracy: Software as a Material for Science.Matt Spencer - 2015 - Perspectives on Science 23 (4):466-484.
    Computer simulations play a key role in many domains of contemporary science. The question of how they transform science has received a lot of scholarly attention. Many have concentrated on outlining the epistemological similarities and differences between simulation and experiment and theory and on the diversity of kinds of modelling and representing found across domains of science. A third direction, which I explore here, looks instead at how working with computers, and working in software environments in particular, gives this kind (...)
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  46.  55
    A New Framework for the Assessment of Animal Welfare: Integrating Existing Knowledge From a Practical Ethics Perspective. [REVIEW]Stefan Aerts, Dirk Lips, Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere & Johan De Tavernier - 2006 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):67-76.
    When making an assessment of animal welfare, it is important to take environmental (housing) or animal-based parameters into account. An alternative approach is to focus on the behavior and appearance of the animal, without making actual measurements or quantifying this. None of these tell the whole story. In this paper, we suggest that it is possible to find common ground between these (seemingly) diametrically opposed positions and argue that this may be the way to deal with the complexity of animal (...)
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  47.  57
    Luke: A Commentary by John T. Carroll.F. Scott Spencer - 2013 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 67 (4):423-427.
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  48.  77
    Another "Curious Legend" About Hume's An Abstract of a Treatise of Human Nature.Mark G. Spencer - 2003 - Hume Studies 29 (1):89-98.
    In 1938, J. M. Keynes and P. Sraffa edited and introduced for Cambridge University Press a reprinting of Anof A Treatise of Human Nature. The Abstract they claimed in their subtitle was "A Pamphlet hitherto unknown by DAVID HUME." Arguing against a number of nineteenth and early-twentieth-century scholars who attributed authorship of an abstract of the Treatise to Adam Smith, Keynes and Sraffa convincingly documented in their introductory essay many solid reasons for thinking that the pamphlet being reprinted was Hume's. (...)
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  49.  45
    A Regimented and Concise Exposition of Karl Popper’s Critical Rationalist Epistemology.Danny Frederick - 2019 - Cosmos + Taxis 6 (6-7):49-54.
  50.  95
    Theoretical and Practical Reason: A Critical Rationalist View.Danny Frederick - manuscript
    If the task of theoretical reason is to discover truth, or reasons for belief, then theoretical reason is impossible. Attempts to circumvent that by appeal to probabilities are self-defeating. If the task of practical reason is to discover what we ought to do or what actions are desirable or valuable, then practical reason is impossible. Appeals to the subjective ought or to subjective probabilities are self-defeating. Adapting Karl Popper, I argue that the task of theoretical reason is to obtain theories (...)
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