Results for 'Lachlan Montgomery Umbers'

749 found
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  1.  18
    Enfranchising the Youth.Lachlan Montgomery Umbers - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-24.
  2.  37
    Against Lottocracy.Lachlan Montgomery Umbers - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Dissatisfaction with democratic institutions has run high in recent years. Perhaps as a result, political theorists have begun to turn their attention to possible alternative modes of political dec...
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  3.  12
    What’s Wrong with Vote Buying.Lachlan Montgomery Umbers - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (2):551-571.
    Almost everyone would agree that vote buying is morally wrong, and that prohibitions on vote buying are morally justified. Yet, recently, several philosophers have argued that vote buying is morally permissible, and that it should be legally permitted. This paper begins by examining and criticising arguments that have been offered in defence of vote buying. I then go on to consider existing attempts to explain the wrongness of vote buying, arguing that none is wholly successful. I then advance a novel (...)
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  4.  33
    What’s wrong with vote buying.Lachlan Montgomery Umbers - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (2):1-21.
    Almost everyone would agree that vote buying is morally wrong, and that prohibitions on vote buying are morally justified. Yet, recently, several philosophers have argued that vote buying is morally permissible, and that it should be legally permitted. This paper begins by examining and criticising arguments that have been offered in defence of vote buying. I then go on to consider existing attempts to explain the wrongness of vote buying, arguing that none is wholly successful. I then advance a novel (...)
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  5.  4
    A Citizens’ Assembly for the Cognitively Disabled.Lachlan Montgomery Umbers - 2020 - Social Theory and Practice 46 (1):205-229.
    Most democracies disenfranchise persons with cognitive disabilities. Several democratic theorists have, for a range of reasons, recently argued that such restrictions ought to be abolished. I agree with such arguments. Some, however, have also expressed the hope that enfranchising such persons might give politicians more powerful incentives to attend to such persons’ interests. I argue that such hopes are likely to be disappointed. If we wish to ensure that such persons’ interests are taken seriously in the political process, we must (...)
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  6.  10
    Going to Alone: Cities and States for Climate Action.Lachlan Montgomery Umbers & Jeremy Moss - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (1):56-59.
  7.  45
    Democratic Legitimacy and the Competence Objection.Lachlan Umbers - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (2):283-293.
    Elitist scepticism of democracy has a venerable history. This paper responds to the latest round of such scepticism—the ‘competence objection’, articulated in recent work by Jason Brennan. Brennan’s charge is that democracy is unjust because it allows uninformed, irrational, and morally unreasonable voters to exercise power over high-stakes political decisions, thus imposing undue risk upon the citizenry. I show that Brennan’s objection admits of two interpretations, and argue that neither can be sustained on close examination. Along the way, I consider (...)
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  8.  22
    Rights and Demands: A Foundational Inquiry.Lachlan Umbers - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (1):210-210.
    Volume 98, Issue 1, March 2020, Page 210-210.
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  9.  21
    Montgomery on Informed Consent: An Inexpert Decision?Jonathan Montgomery & Elsa Montgomery - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):89-94.
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  10. Chapter Ten Love, Depression, and Empathy: Demotivating the Problem of Other Minds Brint Montgomery.Brint Montgomery - 2007 - In Thomas Jay Oord (ed.), The Many Facets of Love: Philosophical Explorations. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 85.
     
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  11. Protestantism and Progress a Historical Study of the Relation of Protestantism to the Modern World. Translated by W. Montgomery.Ernst Troeltsch & W. Montgomery - 1958 - Beacon Press.
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  12.  62
    How Doctors Think: Clinical Judgment and the Practice of Medicine.Kathryn Montgomery - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    How Doctors Think defines the nature and importance of clinical judgment. Although physicians make use of science, this book argues that medicine is not itself a science but rather an interpretive practice that relies on clinical reasoning. A physician looks at the patient's history along with the presenting physical signs and symptoms and juxtaposes these with clinical experience and empirical studies to construct a tentative account of the illness. How Doctors Think is divided into four parts. Part one introduces the (...)
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  13.  6
    Guest Editorial: A Tribute to the Very Reverend Edward Shotter.Raanan Gillon, Kenneth Boyd, Margaret Brazier, Alastair Campbell, Andrew Goddard, Wing May Kong, Sylvia Limerick, Stephen Lock & Jonathan Montgomery - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (10):629-630.
    We wish to describe and acknowledge the exceptional contributions to medical ethics, both in the UK and internationally, made by Edward Shotter1 who died at home on 3 July 2019. He was founder of the London Medical Group2 3 and instigator of similar student-led medical ethics groups throughout the UK; founder of the Institute of Medical Ethics4 and founder of the Journal of Medical Ethics. Ted Shotter transformed the study of medical ethics in the UK in the interests of patients (...)
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  14. Medical Reasoning: The Nature and Use of Medical Knowledge.Erwin B. Montgomery - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Despite medicine's achievements, medical errors and the difficulty of reproducing research prove medicine is far from perfect. This book provides a critical and historical analysis of medical reasoning that recognizes the constant need for certainty despite the enormous variety of disease, illness, symptoms, and behavior in patients. According to Erwin Montgomery, Jr., medicine depends on logic, balancing utility with certainty, and anticipating errors in judgment.
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  15.  63
    Response to Umbers: An Instability of the Duty and Right to Vote.Ten-Herng Lai - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (2):275-280.
    Lachlan Umbers defends democracy against Jason’s Brennan’s competence objection, by showing that voting even incompetently does not violate the rights of others, as the risk imposed is negligible, and furthermore lower than other permissible actions, e.g. driving. I show there are costs in taking this line of argument. Accepting it would make arguing for the duty to vote more difficult in two ways: since voting incompetently is permissible, and not voting imposes less risk than not voting, then not (...)
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  16.  2
    Legal Determinants of Health: Regulating Abortion Care.Sheelagh McGuinness & Jonathan Montgomery - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (1):34-40.
    In The legal determinants of health: Harnessing the power of law for global health and sustainable development, Gostin et al. provide a sustained account of how law can and should be used as an instrument of health promotion. We pick up on the themes of this report with a specific focus of the importance of abortion for women’s sexual and reproductive health and the impact that particular ways of framing abortion in law can have on the lives of women and (...)
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  17.  3
    The Relationship Between Burnout, Depression, and Anxiety: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Panagiota Koutsimani, Anthony Montgomery & Katerina Georganta - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  18.  47
    Research Led by Participants: A New Social Contract for a New Kind of Research.E. Vayena, R. Brownsword, S. J. Edwards, B. Greshake, J. P. Kahn, N. Ladher, J. Montgomery, D. O'Connor, O. O'Neill, M. P. Richards, A. Rid, M. Sheehan, P. Wicks & J. Tasioulas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):216-219.
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  19.  32
    Collective Social Entrepreneurship: Collaboratively Shaping Social Good. [REVIEW]A. Wren Montgomery, Peter A. Dacin & M. Tina Dacin - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (3):375-388.
    In this paper, we move beyond the typical focus on the role of individuals in leading social change to examine "collective social entrepreneurship", the role multiple actors collaboratively play to address social problems, create new institutions, and dismantle outdated institutional arrangements. Specifically, we examine collective social entrepreneurship across a diverse range of collaborative activities including movements, alliances and markets for social good. We identify resource utilization approaches and three associated sets of activities that illustrate the work of collective social entrepreneurs—framing, (...)
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  20.  46
    ℵ0-Categorical, ℵ0-Stable Structures.G. Cherlin, L. Harrington & A. H. Lachlan - 1985 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 28 (2):103-135.
  21.  38
    Tweetjacked: The Impact of Social Media on Corporate Greenwash.Thomas P. Lyon & A. Wren Montgomery - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (4):747-757.
    We theorize that social media will reduce the incidence of corporate greenwash. Drawing on the management literature on decoupling and the economic literature on information disclosure, we characterize specifically where this effect is likely to be most pronounced. We identify important differences between social media and traditional media, and present a theoretical framework for understanding greenwash in which corporate environmental communications may backfire if citizens and activists feel a company is engaging in excessive self-promotion. The framework allows us to draw (...)
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  22.  24
    Bioethics as a Governance Practice.Jonathan Montgomery - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (1):3-23.
    Bioethics can be considered as a topic, an academic discipline, a field of study, an enterprise in persuasion. The historical specificity of the forms bioethics takes is significant, and raises questions about some of these approaches. Bioethics can also be considered as a governance practice, with distinctive institutions and structures. The forms this practice takes are also to a degree country specific, as the paper illustrates by drawing on the author’s UK experience. However, the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics can (...)
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  23.  95
    In Defense of Assertion.Brian Montgomery - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 171 (2):313-326.
    Herman Cappelen has recently argued in favor of what he calls “the no assertion view”, where the putative speech act is replaced with Paul Grice’s category of ‘sayings’. To make his case, Cappelen produces four arguments against Timothy Williamson’s normative view of assertion, holding that the same arguments can be used mutatis mutandis against other non-normative views of assertion. In this paper I examine all four of Cappelen’s arguments against normative theories of assertion, and conclude that they fail.
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  24. Causation and its Organic Conditions.Edmund Montgomery - 1882 - Mind 7 (26):209-230.
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  25.  22
    Place, Practice and Primatology: Clarence Ray Carpenter, Primate Communication and the Development of Field Methodology, 1931–1945. [REVIEW]Georgina M. Montgomery - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):495 - 533.
    Place, practice and status have played significant and interacting roles in the complex history of primatology during the early to mid-twentieth century. This paper demonstrates that, within the emerging discipline of primatology, the field was understood as an essential supplement to laboratory work. Founders argued that only in the field could primates be studied in interaction with their natural social group and environment. Such field studies of primate behavior required the development of existing and new field techniques. The practices and (...)
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  26.  58
    On Strongly Minimal Sets.J. T. Baldwin & A. H. Lachlan - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):79-96.
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  27.  26
    Reflections on the Nature of Public Ethics.Jonathan Montgomery - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (1):9-21.
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  28.  19
    The D.R.E. Degrees Are Not Dense.S. Cooper, Leo Harrington, Alistair Lachlan, Steffen Lempp & Robert Soare - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 55 (2):125-151.
    By constructing a maximal incomplete d.r.e. degree, the nondensity of the partial order of the d.r.e. degrees is established. An easy modification yields the nondensity of the n-r.e. degrees and of the ω-r.e. degrees.
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  29.  18
    Then-Rea Enumeration Degrees Are Dense.Alistair H. Lachlan & Richard A. Shore - 1992 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 31 (4):277-285.
  30.  13
    Place, Practice and Primatology: Clarence Ray Carpenter, Primate Communication and the Development of Field Methodology, 1931–1945.Georgina M. Montgomery - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):495-533.
    Place, practice and status have played significant and interacting roles in the complex history of primatology during the early to mid-twentieth century. This paper demonstrates that, within the emerging discipline of primatology, the field was understood as an essential supplement to laboratory work. Founders argued that only in the field could primates be studied in interaction with their natural social group and environment. Such field studies of primate behavior required the development of existing and new field techniques. The practices and (...)
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  31.  18
    Beliefs About Social Responsibility at Work: Comparisons Between Managers and Non-Managers Over Time and Cross-Nationally.Roni Factor, Amalya L. Oliver & Kathleen Montgomery - 2013 - Business Ethics 22 (1):143-158.
    We examine the link between the growing emphasis on corporate social responsibility at the organizational level and beliefs about social responsibility at work (SRW) expressed by individuals. Drawing from theories of professionalism and diffusion of innovations (including practices and beliefs), we advance hypotheses about beliefs of managers and non-managers in 11 countries at two time periods, and use a unique international data set to test our hypotheses. Our general prediction that managers would score higher than non-managers on a measure of (...)
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  32.  10
    Beliefs About Social Responsibility at Work: Comparisons Between Managers and Non-Managers Over Time and Cross-Nationally.Roni Factor, Amalya L. Oliver & Kathleen Montgomery - 2013 - Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (2):143-158.
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  33.  55
    F. W. Zimmermann: Al-Farabi's Commentary and Short Treatise on Aristotle's De Interpretatione. Pp. Clii + 287. Oxford: O.U.P. For the British Academy, 1981 . Paper, £22.50. [REVIEW]James E. Montgomery - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (1):143-144.
  34. Arabic Theology, Arabic Philosophy: From the Many to the One: Essays in Celebration of Richard M. Frank.Richard M. Frank & James E. Montgomery (eds.) - 2006 - Peeters.
    In this volume, fourteen scholars, many of them contemporaries of Professor Frank, engage with his legacy with important and seminal works which take some of ...
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  35.  22
    Distributive Initial Segments of the Degrees of Unsolvability.A. H. Lachlan - 1968 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 14 (30):457-472.
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  36.  3
    Principles for Creating a Single Authoritative List of the World’s Species.Stephen Garnett, Les Christidis, Stijn Conix, Mark J. Costello, Frank E. Zachos, Olaf S. Bánki, Yiming Bao, Saroj K. Barik, John S. Buckeridge, Donald Hobern, Aaron Lien, Narelle Montgomery, Svetlana Nikolaeva, Richard L. Pyle, Scott A. Thomson, Peter Paul van Dijk, Anthony Whalen, Zhi-Qiang Zhang & Kevin R. Thiele - 2020 - PLoS Biology 18 (7):e3000736.
    Lists of species underpin many fields of human endeavour, but there are currently no universally accepted principles for deciding which biological species should be accepted when there are alternative taxonomic treatments (and, by extension, which scientific names should be applied to those species). As improvements in information technology make it easier to communicate, access, and aggregate biodiversity information, there is a need for a framework that helps taxonomists and the users of taxonomy decide which taxa and names should be used (...)
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  37.  23
    Bounding Minimal Pairs.A. H. Lachlan - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (4):626-642.
  38.  4
    Initial Segments of Models of Peano's Axioms.L. A. S. Kirby, J. B. Paris, A. Lachlan, M. Srebrny & A. Zarach - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):482-483.
  39.  19
    A Note on Positive Equivalence Relations.A. H. Lachlan - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (1):43-46.
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  40.  1
    Distributive Initial Segments of the Degrees of Unsolvability.A. H. Lachlan - 1968 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 14 (30):457-472.
  41. English Prisons and Their Methods.H. J. B. Montgomery - 1904 - International Journal of Ethics 15 (1):109-116.
  42. Contingency and Non-Contingency Bases for Normal Modal Logics.Hugh Montgomery & Richard Routley - 1966 - Logique Et Analyse 9 (35):318.
     
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  43. Space and Touch, III.Edmund Montgomery - 1885 - Mind 10 (40):512-531.
  44. Is Innovation in Bird Song Adaptive?Peter J. B. Slater & Robert F. Lachlan - 2003 - In Simon M. Reader & Kevin N. Laland (eds.), Animal Innovation. Oxford University Press.
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  45.  33
    D. Paul Snyder. Modal Logic and its Applications. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, and Melbourne, 1971, Xiv + 335 Pp. [REVIEW]Hugh Montgomery - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):251-252.
  46.  3
    A Note on Positive Equivalence Relations.A. H. Lachlan - 1987 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 33 (1):43-46.
  47.  22
    Some Special Pairs of Σ2 E-Degrees.Seema Ahmad & Alistair H. Lachlan - 1998 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 44 (4):431-449.
    It is shown that there are incomparable Σ2 e-degrees a, b such that every e-degree strictly less than a is also less than b.
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  48. Space and Touch, I.Edmund Montgomery - 1885 - Mind 10 (38):227-244.
  49. Beyond the Aesthetic and the Anti-Aesthetic.James Elkins & Harper Montgomery (eds.) - 2013 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Each of the five volumes in the Stone Art Theory Institutes series—and the seminars on which they are based—brings together a range of scholars who are not always directly familiar with one another’s work. The outcome of each of these convergences is an extensive and “unpredictable conversation” on knotty and provocative issues about art. This fourth volume in the series, _Beyond the Aesthetic and the Anti-Aesthetic_, focuses on questions revolving around the concepts of the aesthetic, the anti-aesthetic, and the political. (...)
     
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  50.  15
    Photographic Art in Exam Rooms May Reduce White Coat Hypertension.Michael B. Harper, Stacy Kanayama-Trivedi, Gloria Caldito, David Montgomery, E. J. Mayeaux & Lourdes M. DelRosso - 2015 - Medical Humanities 41 (2):86-88.
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