Results for 'D. Rodney'

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  1. Fine‐Tuning, Multiple Universes and Theism.Rodney D. Holder - 2002 - Noûs 36 (2):295–312.
    The universe appears fine-tuned for life. Bayesian confirmation theory is utilized to examine two competing explanations for this fine-tuning, namely design (theism) and the existence of many universes, in comparison with the ’null’ hypothesis that just one universe exists as a brute fact. Some authors have invoked the so-called ’inverse gambler’s fallacy’ to argue that the many-universes hypothesis does not explain the fine-tuning of ’this’ universe, but flaws in this argument are exposed. Nevertheless, the hypothesis of design, being simpler, is (...)
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  2. Hume on Miracles: Bayesian Interpretation, Multiple Testimony, and the Existence of God.Rodney D. Holder - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):49-65.
    Hume's argument concerning miracles is interpreted by making approximations to terms in Bayes's theorem. This formulation is then used to analyse the impact of multiple testimony. Individual testimonies which are ‘non-miraculous’ in Hume's sense can in principle be accumulated to yield a high probability both for the occurrence of a single miracle and for the occurrence of at least one of a set of miracles. Conditions are given under which testimony for miracles may provide support for the existence of God.
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  3. Pragmatic Validity in Mannheim and Dewey: A Reassessment of the Epistemological Critique of Ideology and Utopia.Rodney D. Nelson - 1995 - History of the Human Sciences 8 (3):25-45.
  4. Science and Religion in the Theology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer.Rodney D. Holder - 2009 - Zygon 44 (1):115-132.
    The German theologian and martyr Dietrich Bonhoeffer is not widely known for engaging with scientific thought, having been heavily influenced by Karl Barth's celebrated stance against natural theology. However, during the period of his maturing theology in prison Bonhoeffer read a significant scientific work, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's The World View of Physics. From this he gained two major insights for his theological outlook. First, he realized that the notion of a "God of the gaps" is futile, not just in (...)
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  5.  1
    Symbolic Reasoning Among 3-D Models and 2-D Images.Rodney A. Brooks - 1981 - Artificial Intelligence 17 (1-3):285-348.
  6.  11
    Deconditioning Persisting Avoidance: Spacing Counterconditioning Periods During Response Prevention.Rodney S. Buss & Larry D. Reid - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (6):418-420.
  7. The Realization of Infinitely Many Universes in Cosmology.Rodney D. Holder - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (3):343-350.
    It is shown that, for certain classes of cosmological model which either postulate or give rise to infinitely many universes, only a measure zero subset of the set of possible universes above a given size can in fact be physically realized. It follows that claims to explain the fine tuning of our universe on the basis of such models by appeal to the existence of all possible universes fail.
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  8.  7
    Atomic-Scale Study of Dislocation–Stacking Fault Tetrahedron Interactions. Part I: Mechanisms.Y. N. Osetsky, D. Rodney & D. J. Bacon - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (16):2295-2313.
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  9.  29
    Rodney E. Hero, Racial Diversity and Social Capital: Equality and Community in America. [REVIEW]Jason D. Grinnell - 2009 - Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (4):547-550.
  10. James B.-** Ro* K in Context.Paul D. Maclean Women, A. More Balanced Brain & Rodney Holmes - forthcoming - Zygon.
  11.  5
    Natural Theology in the Twentieth Century.Rodney D. Holder - 2013 - In J. H. Brooke, F. Watts & R. R. Manning (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology. Oxford Up. pp. 118.
    This chapter examines Karl Barth's denouncement of natural theology and the reactions of the group of theologians following him. These theologians have all engaged with the natural sciences, but also share similar concerns to Barth in terms of prioritising revelation and of maintaining or defending an orthodox theology. Dietrich Bonhoeffer offered opportunities for intellectual engagement with the world through his notion of the penultimate and in other ways. Wolfhart Pannenberg brought scientific rationality to bear directly on theology. Thomas Torrance and (...)
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  12.  32
    Does Depression Invalidate Competence? Consultants' Ethical, Psychiatric, and Legal Considerations.Ernlè W. D. Young, James C. Corby & Rodney Johnson - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (4):505.
    The ethical principle of respect for autonomy has come into its own In American medicine since World War II as equal in importance to the traditional medicomoral principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence. Respect for autonomy provides the ethical underpinning for the patient's right to exercise an informed choice – whether to consent to or to refuse recommended medical treatment. However, an informed choice demands a certain level of competence. Typical criteria for patient competence to accept or to refuse medical treatments (...)
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  13.  21
    Atomic-Scale Plasticity in the Presence of Frank Loops.T. Nogaret, C. Robertson & D. Rodney - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (6):945-966.
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  14.  10
    Atomic-Scale Study of Dislocation Glide in a Model Solid Solution.L. Proville, D. Rodney, Y. Brechet & G. Martin - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (25-26):3893-3920.
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  15.  5
    Partnering With Patients to Bridge Gaps in Consent for Acute Care Research.Neal W. Dickert, Amanda Michelle Bernard, JoAnne M. Brabson, Rodney J. Hunter, Regina McLemore, Andrea R. Mitchell, Stephen Palmer, Barbara Reed, Michele Riedford, Raymond T. Simpson, Candace D. Speight, Tracie Steadman & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):7-17.
    Clinical trials for acute conditions such as myocardial infarction and stroke pose challenges related to informed consent due to time limitations, stress, and severe illness. Consent processes shou...
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  16. Book Review: Beyond Retribution: A New Testament Vision for Justice, Crime, and PunishmentBeyond Retribution: A New Testament Vision for Justice, Crime, and PunishmentbyMarshallChristopher D.Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2001. 342 Pp. $24.00. ISBN 0-8028-4797-8. [REVIEW]Rodney L. Petersen - 2002 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 56 (4):442-442.
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  17.  5
    Penitential Prayer in Second Temple Judaism: The Development of a Religious Institution.Benjamin D. Sommer & Rodney Alan Werline - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (2):263.
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  18.  3
    Saving Karl Barth: Hans Urs von Balthasar's Preoccupation by D. Stephen Long , Vii + 304 Pp. [REVIEW]Rodney A. Howsare - 2016 - Modern Theology 32 (1):118-120.
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  19.  10
    Defect Kinetics on Experimental Timescales Using Atomistic Simulations.H. Wang, D. Rodney, D. S. Xu, R. Yang & P. Veyssière - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (1-3):186-202.
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  20.  50
    Thinking About Religion and Experiencing the Brain: Eugene D'Aquili's Biogenetic Structural Theory of Absolute Unitary Being.H. Rodney Holmes - 1993 - Zygon 28 (2):201-215.
  21.  30
    De Fragmenti Suetoniani de Grammaticis Et Rhetoribus Codicum Nexu Et Fide. By Rodney Potter Robinson (University of Illinois Studies in Language and Literature, V. 4; November, 1920). Large 8vo. Pp. 195. 1922. Paper, $2. [REVIEW]A. D. Nock - 1924 - The Classical Review 38 (3-4):90-90.
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  22.  19
    Countable Thin Π01 Classes.Douglas Cenzer, Rodney Downey, Carl Jockusch & Richard A. Shore - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59 (2):79-139.
    Cenzer, D., R. Downey, C. Jockusch and R.A. Shore, Countable thin Π01 classes, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59 79–139. A Π01 class P {0, 1}ω is thin if every Π01 subclass of P is the intersection of P with some clopen set. Countable thin Π01 classes are constructed having arbitrary recursive Cantor- Bendixson rank. A thin Π01 class P is constructed with a unique nonisolated point A and furthermore A is of degree 0’. It is shown that no (...)
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  23.  13
    Book Reviews Section 1.John Ohlinger, David Conrad, Frederick S. Buchanan, Jack Christensen, Jeffrey Herold, J. Don Reeves, Everett D. Lantz, Ursula Springer, Hardgrave Jr, Noel F. Mcginn, Malcolm B. Campbell, R. J. Woodin, Norman Lederer, Jerry B. Burnell & Rodney Skager - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (2):65-75.
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  24.  26
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Theodore Brameld, Midori Matsuyama, Harvey Neufeldt, Lois M. R. Louden, Margaret Gillett, Don Adams, Theodore Hutchcroft, William T. Lowe, Rodney P. Riegle, Bergen Jr, Charles R. Schindler, Gerald L. Gutek, William E. Eaton, Gertrude Langsam, John F. Murphy, Paul D. Travers, Charles M. Dye, Natalie A. Naylor & Richard Edward Kelly - 1977 - Educational Studies 8 (4):395-437.
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  25. Di Pietro) 410.J. A. De Vito, P. H. Reaney, Claude Lapointe, Rodney D. Huddleston, Giorgio Tagliacozzo & Hayden V. White - 1973 - Foundations of Language 9:444.
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  26.  3
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Partnering with Patients to Bridge Gaps in Consent for Acute Care Research”.Neal W. Dickert, A. Michelle Bernard, JoAnne M. Brabson, Rodney J. Hunter, Regina McLemore, Andrea R. Mitchell, Stephen Palmer, Barbara Reed, Michele Riedford, Raymond T. Simpson, Candace D. Speight, Tracie Steadman & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):W12-W13.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page W12-W13.
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  27. Urban Education: A Model for Leadership and Policy.Karen Symms Gallagher, Rodney Goodyear, Dominic Brewer & Robert Rueda (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    Many factors complicate the education of urban students. Among them have been issues related to population density; racial, ethnic, cultural, and linguistic diversity; poverty; racism ; and funding levels. Although urban educators have been addressing these issues for decades, placing them under the umbrella of "urban education" and treating them as a specific area of practice and inquiry is relatively recent. Despite the wide adoption of the term a consensus about its meaning exists at only the broadest of levels. In (...)
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  28.  14
    États-Unis : Un écho du 11 septembre.Guy Lochard, Valerie Streit & Rodney Benson - 2006 - Hermes 46:95.
    Par sa couverture particulièrement intense au début, la presse américaine a donné beaucoup d'importance aux attentats de Madrid. Le cadrage dominant est un parallèle avec le 11 septembre, justifiant une approche faite d'empathie et un sentiment fort de solidarité dans l'épreuve. Mais, après les résultats des élections législatives espagnoles, quand il est devenu évident que la population espagnole a élu un chef ouvertement hostile à la participation de son pays à la guerre en Irak, la couverture change. La presse américaine (...)
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  29.  30
    Rodney A. Clifton 25.Rodney A. Clifton - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  30. Chapter Three The Bowie Business: Capitalising on Subversion? Rodney Sharkey.Rodney Sharkey - 2007 - In John Wall (ed.), Music, Metamorphosis and Capitalism: Self, Poetics and Politics. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 33.
     
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  31. The Photographic Paradigm.Annette W. Balkema & Henk Slager (eds.) - 1997 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This issue investigates the meaning of photographic image for contemporary art. In Malraux' dream, photography offers the ultimate guarantee for a coherent presentation of art. However, as Douglas Crimp has stated, the appearance and enhancement of photography as a form of art among other art forms disrupted the center of the art world. What does this mean for art and philosophy in our time? Various artists and theorists will delve into that question: Christian Boltanski, Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, Jean-François Chevrier, Douglas (...)
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  32. Intelligence Without Representation.Rodney A. Brooks - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 47 (1--3):139-159.
    Artificial intelligence research has foundered on the issue of representation. When intelligence is approached in an incremental manner, with strict reliance on interfacing to the real world through perception and action, reliance on representation disappears. In this paper we outline our approach to incrementally building complete intelligent Creatures. The fundamental decomposition of the intelligent system is not into independent information processing units which must interface with each other via representations. Instead, the intelligent system is decomposed into independent and parallel activity (...)
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  33.  7
    Reflective Equilibrium in R & D Networks.Sjoerd D. Zwart & Ibo van de Poel - 2010 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 35 (2):174-199.
    In this article, we develop an approach for the moral assessment of research and development networks on the basis of the reflective equilibrium approach proposed by Rawls and Daniels. The reflective equilibrium approach aims at coherence between moral judgments, principles, and background theories. We use this approach because it takes seriously the moral judgments of the actors involved in R & D, whereas it also leaves room for critical reflection about these judgments. It is shown that two norms, namely reflective (...)
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  34.  7
    Belief, Language, and Experience.Rodney Needham - 1972 - Blackwell.
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  35. Abortion and Moral Risk1: D. Moller.D. Moller - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (3):425-443.
    It is natural for those with permissive attitudes toward abortion to suppose that, if they have examined all of the arguments they know against abortion and have concluded that they fail, their moral deliberations are at an end. Surprisingly, this is not the case, as I argue. This is because the mere risk that one of those arguments succeeds can generate a moral reason that counts against the act. If this is so, then liberals may be mistaken about the morality (...)
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  36. &D. Wilson. R∽∞.D. Sperber - forthcoming - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal.
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  37.  22
    Models of Brain Function.Rodney M. J. Cotterill (ed.) - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an exciting time for brain science. Recent progress has been such that it now seems realistic to look toward an explanation of mind in terms of the brain's anatomy and physiology. Models based on artificially symmetrical arrays of idealized neurons are now being superseded by ones which properly take into account the brain's actual circuitry. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the current state of brain modeling, containing contributions from many leading researchers in this field. It will (...)
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  38.  28
    Exploring the Ethics and Economics of Global Labor Standards: A Challenge to Integrated Social Contract Theory.Rodney Stevenson - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (2):193-220.
    The challenge that confronts corporate decision-makers in connection with global labor conditions is often in identifying the standardsby which they should govern themselves. In an effort to provide greater direction in the face of possible global cultural conflicts, ethicistsThomas Donaldson and Thomas Dunfee draw on social contract theory to develop a method for identifying basic human rights: Integrated Social Contract Theory (ISCT). In this paper, we apply ISCT to the challenge of global labor standards, attempting to identify labor rights that (...)
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  39.  40
    The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance.Rodney Bruce Hall & Thomas J. Biersteker (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    The emergence of private authority has become a feature of the post-Cold War world. The contributors to this volume examine the implications of this erosion of the power of the state for global governance. They analyse actors as diverse as financial institutions, multinational corporations, religious terrorists and organised criminals. The themes of the book relate directly to debates concerning globalization and the role of international law, and will be of interest to scholars and students of international relations, politics, sociology and (...)
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  40. Belief, Language and Experience.Rodney Needham - 1974 - Mind 83 (332):634-635.
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  41. New Approaches to Robotics.Rodney A. Brooks - unknown
    In order to build autonomous robots that can carry out useful work in unstructured environments new approaches have been developed to building intelligent systems. The relationship to traditional academic robotics and traditional artificial intelligence is examined. In the new approaches a tight coupling of sensing to action produces architectures for intelligence that are networks of simple computational elements which are quite broad, but not very deep. Recent work within this approach has demonstrated the use of representations, expectations, plans, goals, and (...)
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  42.  20
    Enchanted Looms: Conscious Networks in Brains and Computers.Rodney Cotterill - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    The title of this book was inspired by a passage in Charles Sherrington's Man on his Nature.
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  43.  61
    A Robot That Walks; Emergent Behaviors From a Carefully Evolved Network.Rodney A. Brooks - unknown
    Most animals have significant behavioral expertise built in without having to explicitly learn it all from scratch. This expertise is a product of evolution of the organism; it can be viewed as a very long term form of learning which provides a structured system within which individuals might learn more specialized skills or abilities. This paper suggests one possible mechanism for analagous robot evolution by describing a carefully designed series of networks, each one being a strict augmentation of the previous (...)
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  44.  8
    D. E. Hughes Self-Induction and the Skin-Effect.D. W. Jordan - 1982 - Centaurus 26 (2):123-153.
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  45. LYONS, D.: "Ethics and the Rule of Law". [REVIEW]D. Wood - 1985 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63:377.
     
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  46. Laurence D. Cooper, Rousseau and Nature: The Problem of the Good Life. [REVIEW]D. Wright - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20:331-333.
     
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  47.  3
    Economics, Ethics, and Religion: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Economic Thought.Rodney Wilson - 1997 - New York University Press.
    "Written in a racy, persuasive style, the book impresses the reader as a work of significant scholarship...I encourage students of comparative religions- and especially those of Islamic economics- to read it with great care."&$151; Islamic Studies The worlds of economics and theology rarely intersect. The former appears occupied exclusively with the concrete equations of supply and demand, while the latter revolves largely around the less tangible concerns of the soul and spirit. Intended as an interfaith clarification of the relationship between (...)
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  48.  41
    Micro Foundations of Religion: A Revised Theory.Rodney Stark - 1999 - Sociological Theory 17 (3):264-289.
    In a major revision of my earlier theoretical work on religion, I attempt to identify and connect the basic micro elements and processes underlying religious expression. I show that all primary aspects of religion-belief, emotion, ritual, prayer, sacrifice, mysticism, and miracle-can be understood on the basis of exchange relations between humans and supernatural beings. Although I utilize a cognitive definition of religion, this new version of the theory is especially concerned with the emotional and expressive aspects of religion. Along the (...)
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  49. Imagination, Fiction, and Perspectival Displacement.Justin D'Ambrosio & Daniel Stoljar - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Mind.
    The verb 'imagine' admits of perspectival modification: we can imagine things from above, from a distant point of view, or from the point of view of a Russian. But in such cases, there need be no person, either real or imagined, who is above or distant from what is imagined, or who has the point of view of a Russian. We call this the puzzle of perspectival displacement. This paper sets out the puzzle, shows how it does not just concern (...)
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  50.  26
    Hauntings, Homeopathy, and the Hopkinsville Goblins: Using Pseudoscience to Teach Scientific Thinking.Rodney Schmaltz & Scott O. Lilienfeld - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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