Results for 'Alexandra F. Johnston'

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  1.  30
    Shakespeare and the Middle Ages. [REVIEW]Alexandra F. Johnston - 2011 - Speculum 86 (2):540-542.
  2.  26
    David JF Crouch, Piety, Fraternity and Power: Religious Gilds in Late Medieval Yorkshire, 1389–1547. York: York Medieval Press, 2000. Pp. Xi, 331; Black-and-White Figures, Tables, and 3 Maps. $75.Alexandra F. Johnston - 2002 - Speculum 77 (4):1270-1272.
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  3.  31
    The Guild of Corpus Christi and the Procession of Corpus Christi in York.Alexandra F. Johnston - 1976 - Mediaeval Studies 38 (1):372-384.
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  4. Aesthetics of Religion. A Connective Concept.Alexandra K. Grieser & Jay Johnston - 2017
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  5.  3
    Sean F. Johnston. The Neutron's Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity. Xi + 313 Pp., Illus., Apps., Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. $62.99. [REVIEW]Alex Roland - 2013 - Isis 104 (3):648-649.
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  6.  2
    On the Role of Popularizing Scientific Knowledge in Alexander Bogdanov’s Socio-Political Activity.Alexandra F. Yakovleva - 2020 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 57 (6):517-524.
    The article discusses the conditions under which the views of the philosopher, economist, physician, and science fiction author Alexander Alexandrovich Bogdanov was formed and analyzes...
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  7.  2
    Scientific Activity: The Crisis of the Subject in the World of Knowledge.Alexandra F. Yakovleva - 2018 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 56 (1):61-70.
    This article analyzes the current state of scientific activity from the point of view of the place and role of its subject: the one performing that activity, the scholar the active participant in the research process, the subject of scientific creativity. Using contemporary phenomena as examples, the author demonstrates the crisis of the subject of scientific activity and the change in the nature of the subjectivity involved here. The article also examines how the development of scientific research influences social processes (...)
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  8.  11
    Topical Discussions in Contemporary Russian Social and Political Theory.Alexandra F. Yakovleva & Denis E. Letnyakov - 2014 - Studies in East European Thought 66 (3-4):245-261.
    The article presents an overview of the most interesting ideas, topics, and discussions among those constituting the problem field of social and political philosophy in post-Soviet Russia.
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  9. Holographic Visions: A History of New Science.Sean F. Johnston - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Holography exploded on the scientific world in 1964, but its slow fuse had been burning much longer. Over the next four decades, the echoes of that explosion reached scientists, engineers, artists and popular culture. Emerging from classified military research, holography evolved to represent the power of post-war physics, an aesthetic union of art and science, the countercultural meanderings of holism, a cottage industry for waves of would-be entrepreneurs and a fertile plot device for science fiction. New working cultures sprang up (...)
     
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  10.  4
    Sean F. Johnston. History of Light and Colour Measurements: Science in the Shadows. Xi+281 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing, 2001. $75. [REVIEW]David A. Goss - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):759-760.
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  11.  13
    Sean F. Johnston, Holographic Visions: A History of New Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. Pp. Xxi+518. ISBN 0-19-857122-4. £75.00. [REVIEW]Jon Agar - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (1):126-127.
  12.  7
    SEAN F. JOHNSTON, A History of Light and Colour Measurement: Science in the Shadows. Bristol and Philadelphia: Institute of Physics, 2001. Pp. Xi+281. ISBN 0-7503-0754-4. £45.00, $75.00. [REVIEW]Richard Kremer - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (3):442-444.
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  13.  16
    Sean F. Johnston. Holographic Visions: A History of New Science. Xxi + 518 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. $134.50. [REVIEW]Ivan Tchalakov - 2008 - Isis 99 (1):216-217.
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  14.  8
    Science as a Phenomenon of Modernity.Valentina G. Fedotova & Alexandra F. Yakovleva - 2015 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 53 (3):218-230.
    This article discusses changes that have occurred in science in response to a transforming modernity. One of the results of such changes is a variety of viewpoints on science today and the heated debate about science, its objectives, and its effectiveness, which is explained by the desire to exert influence on how science and science education are organized. The article assesses the current situation of science reformation in Russia from the perspective of historical experience of natural and social sciences, particularly (...)
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  15.  32
    Examining the Effects of Incremental Case Presentation and Forecasting Outcomes on Case-Based Ethics Instruction.Alexandra E. MacDougall, Lauren N. Harkrider, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Juandre Peacock, Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport & Shane Connelly - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (2):126-150.
    Case-based reasoning has long been used to facilitate instructional effectiveness. Although much remains to be known concerning the most beneficial way to present case material, recent literature suggests that simplifying case material is favorable. Accordingly, the current study manipulated two instructional techniques, incremental case presentation and forecasting outcomes, in a training environment in an attempt to better understand the utility of simplified versus complicated case presentation for learning. Findings suggest that pairing these two cognitively demanding techniques reduces satisfaction and detracts (...)
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  16.  3
    History of Science: A Beginner's Guide.Sean F. Johnston - 2009 - OneWorld.
    Weaving together intellectual history, philosophy, and social studies, Sean Johnston offers a unique appraisal of the history of science and the nature of this evolving discipline. Science is all-encompassing and new developments are usually mired in controversy; nevertheless, it is a driving force of the modern world. Based on its past, where might it lead us in the twenty-first century?
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  17. The Professionalization of Nuclear Engineering: Sean F. Johnston: The Neutron’s Children: Nuclear Engineers and the Shaping of Identity. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, 344pp, $62.99, £35.00 HB.Benjamin Wilson - 2013 - Metascience 22 (3):629-632.
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  18. Professional Identity and Organisation in a Technical Occupation: The Emergence of Chemical Engineering in Britain, C . 1915–30.Colin Divall, James F. Donnelly & Sean F. Johnston - 1999 - Contemporary British History 13:56-81.
    The emergence in Britain of chemical engineering, by mid‐century the fourth largest engineering specialism, was a hesitant and drawn out process. This article analyses the organisational politics behind the recognition of the technical occupation and profession from the First World War through to the end of the 1920s. The collective sense of professional identity among nascent ‘chemical engineers’ developed rapidly during this time owing to associations which promoted their cause among potential patrons. -/- .
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  19.  15
    DNA Synthesis Control in Yeast: An Evolutionarily Conserved Mechanism for Regulating DNA Synthesis Genes?Gary F. Merrill, Brian A. Morgan, Noel F. Lowndes & Leland H. Johnston - 1992 - Bioessays 14 (12):823-830.
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  20.  22
    R. A. BILLINGTON with the Collaboration of C. P. HILL, A. J. JOHNSTONE II, and C. F. MULLETT, "The Historian's Contribution to Anglo-American Misunderstanding. Report of a Committee on National Bias in Anglo-American History Textbooks". [REVIEW]T. H. von Laue, E. H. Dance, R. A. Billington, C. P. Hill, A. J. Johnstone Ii, C. L. Mowat & C. F. Mullett - 1967 - History and Theory 6 (2):219.
  21.  6
    Book Review:Confucianism and Modern China. Reginald F. Johnston[REVIEW]Clarence H. Hamilton - 1935 - Ethics 46 (1):120-.
  22. Vaunting the Independent Amateur: Scientific American and the Representation of Lay Scientists.Sean F. Johnston - 2018 - Annals of Science 75 (2):97-119.
    This paper traces how media representations encouraged enthusiasts, youth and skilled volunteers to participate actively in science and technology during the twentieth century. It assesses how distinctive discourses about scientific amateurs positioned them with respect to professionals in shifting political and cultural environments. In particular, the account assesses the seminal role of a periodical, Scientific American magazine, in shaping and championing an enduring vision of autonomous scientific enthusiasms. Between the 1920s and 1970s, editors Albert G. Ingalls and Clair L. Stong (...)
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  23. The Technological Fix as Social Cure-All: Origins and Implications.Sean F. Johnston - 2018 - IEEE Technology and Society 37 (1):47-54.
    On the historical origins of technological fixes and their wider social and political implications.
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  24.  70
    Revisiting the History of Relativity: Richard Staley: Einstein’s Generation: The Origins of the Relativity Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008, X+494pp, $38 PB, $98 HB.Lewis Pyenson, Sean F. Johnston, Alberto A. Martínez & Richard Staley - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):53-73.
    Revisiting the history of relativity Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9466-4 Authors Lewis Pyenson, Department of History, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5242, USA Sean F. Johnston, School of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Glasgow, Rutherford-McCowan Building, Dumfries, Glasgow, Scotland G2 0RB, UK Alberto A. Martínez, Department of History, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station B7000, Austin, TX 78712-0220, USA Richard Staley, Department of the History of Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 226 Bradley Memorial Building, 1225 Linden Drive, Madison, (...)
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  25.  4
    Confucianism and Modern China. Reginald F. Johnston.Clarence H. Hamilton - 1935 - International Journal of Ethics 46 (1):120-121.
  26.  77
    Benjamin Franks, Stuart Hanscomb, and Sean F. Johnston, Environmental Ethics and Behavioural Change. [REVIEW]Trevor Hedberg - 2018 - Teaching Ethics 18 (2):183-185.
    Environmental Ethics and Behavioral Change is a unique text that weaves together subject in ethics, moral psychology, and political philosophy to explore the ways in which people can be motivated to behave in more environmentally sustainable ways. In this review, I offer a short synopsis of the book and appraise its usefulness for teaching courses in environmental ethics and related areas.
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  27.  28
    Techno-Fixers: Origins and Implications of Technological Faith.Sean F. Johnston - 2020 - Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
    This is the story of a seductive idea and its sobering consequences. The twentieth century brought a new cultural confidence in the social powers of invention – along with consumerism, world wars, globalisation and human-generated climate change. This book traces how passive optimism and active manipulations were linked to our growing trust in technological innovation. It pursues the evolving idea through engineering hubris, radical utopian movements, science fiction fanzines, policy-maker soundbites, corporate marketing, and consumer culture. It explores how evangelists of (...)
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  28.  6
    Vaunting the Independent Amateur: Scientific American and the Representation of Lay Scientists.Sean F. Johnston - 2018 - Annals of Science 75 (2):97-119.
    This paper traces how media representations encouraged enthusiasts, youth and skilled volunteers to participate actively in science and technology during the twentieth century. It assesses how distinctive discourses about scientific amateurs positioned them with respect to professionals in shifting political and cultural environments. In particular, the account assesses the seminal role of a periodical, Scientific American magazine, in shaping and championing an enduring vision of autonomous scientific enthusiasms. Between the 1920s and 1970s, editors Albert G. Ingalls and Clair L. Stong (...)
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  29.  38
    Structuring Case-Based Ethics Training: How Comparing Cases and Structured Prompts Influence Training Effectiveness.Lauren N. Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (3):179-198.
    This study examined how structuring case-based ethics training, either through (a) case presentation or (b) prompt questions, influences training outcomes. Results revealed an interaction between case presentation and prompt questions such that some form of structure improved effectiveness. Specifically, comparing cases led to greater sensemaking strategy use and decision-ethicality when trainees considered unstructured rather than structured prompts. When cases were presented sequentially, structuring prompts improved training effectiveness. Too much structure, however, decreased future ethical decision making, suggesting that there can be (...)
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  30.  26
    The Effects of Note-Taking and Review on Sensemaking and Ethical Decision Making.James F. Johnson, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Lauren N. Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Shane Connelly, Lynn D. Devenport & Michael D. Mumford - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (4):299-323.
    The effectiveness of case-based learning in ethics education varies widely regarding how cases are presented. Case process instruction may impact case-based ethics education to promote sensemaking processes, ethical sensemaking strategy use, and ethical decision making (EDM) quality. This study examined two teaching techniques, notes and review, and participants completed note-taking and review activities examining a case-based scenario during an ethics education course. Results suggest that providing case notes in outline form improves sensemaking processes, strategy use, and EDM quality. In addition, (...)
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  31.  29
    Structuring Case-Based Ethics Training: How Comparing Cases and Structured Prompts Influence Training Effectiveness.Lauren Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:150527093230007.
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  32.  2
    Alexandra K. Grieser Und Jay Johnston: Aesthetics of Religion. A Connective Concept, Religion and Reason Band 58, Hg. V. Gustavo Benavides, Michael Stausberg Und Ann Taves (Berlin Und Boston: De Gruyter, 2017). 497 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-11-045875-6. [REVIEW]Yasmin Koppen - 2020 - Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 28 (2):336-347.
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  33.  26
    Seeking Consent for Research with Indigenous Communities: A Systematic Review.Emily F. M. Fitzpatrick, Alexandra L. C. Martiniuk, Heather D’Antoine, June Oscar, Maureen Carter & Elizabeth J. Elliott - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):65.
    BackgroundWhen conducting research with Indigenous populations consent should be sought from both individual participants and the local community. We aimed to search and summarise the literature about methods for seeking consent for research with Indigenous populations.MethodsA systematic literature search was conducted for articles that describe or evaluate the process of seeking informed consent for research with Indigenous participants. Guidelines for ethical research and for seeking consent with Indigenous people are also included in our review.ResultsOf 1447 articles found 1391 were excluded (...)
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  34.  24
    Mental Models and Ethical Decision Making: The Mediating Role of Sensemaking.Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Logan M. Steele, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (1):133-144.
    The relationship between mental models and ethical decision making, along with the mechanisms through which mental models affect EDM, are not well understood. Using the sensemaking approach to EDM, we empirically tested the relationship of mental models to EDM. Participants were asked to depict their mental models in response to an ethics case to reveal their understanding of the ethical dilemma, and then provide a response, along with a rationale, to a different ethical problem. Findings indicated that complexity of respondents’ (...)
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  35.  26
    Kinship: The Relationship Between Johnstone's Ideas About Philosophical Argument and the Pragma-Dialectical Theory Of Argumentation.F. H. Van Eemeren & Peter Houtlosser - 2007 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (1):51-70.
  36.  13
    Nursing Practices and Lactation Amenorrhoea.Marjorie F. Elias, Jane Teas, Johanna Johnston & Carolyn Bora - 1986 - Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (1):1-10.
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  37.  35
    Environmental Ethics and Behavioural Change.Benjamin Franks, Stuart Hanscomb & Sean F. Johnston - 2017 - Routledge.
    Environmental Ethics and Behavioural Change takes a practical approach to environmental ethics with a focus on its transformative potential for students, professionals, policy makers, activists, and concerned citizens. Proposed solutions to issues such as climate change, resource depletion and accelerating extinctions have included technological fixes, national and international regulation and social marketing. This volume examines the ethical features of a range of communication strategies and technological, political and economic methods for promoting ecologically responsible practice in the face of these crises. (...)
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  38.  23
    Kinship: The Relationship Between Johnstone's Ideas About Philosophical Argument and the Pragma-Dialectical Theory of Argumentation.F. H. Eemerevann & Peter Houtlosser - 2007 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (1):51-70.
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  39.  40
    Retracted Article: Improving Case-Based Ethics Training: How Modeling Behaviors and Forecasting Influence Effectiveness.Lauren N. Harkrider, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Zhanna Bagdasarov, James F. Johnson, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):299-299.
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  40.  23
    The Plays of the Religious Guilds of York: The Creed Play and the Pater Noster Play.Alexandra Johnston - 1974 - Speculum 50 (1):55-90.
    During the late Middle Ages, three great plays were performed in the city of York. The most well known is the Corpus Christi Play, which tells the biblical story from Creation to Judgment in great detail. This play was controlled by the city council and performed by the craft guilds, normally on the feast of Corpus Christi every year. Unlike the other plays, its text, as well as a wealth of detail concerning its performance and the involvement of the individual (...)
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  41. Making Light Work: Practices and Practitioners of Photometry.Sean F. Johnston - 1996 - History of Science 34 (3):273-302.
  42. The Construction of Colorimetry by Committee.Sean F. Johnston - 1996 - Science in Context 9:387-420.
    This paper explores the confrontation of physical and contextual factors involved in the emergence of the subject of color measurement, which stabilized in essentially its present form during the interwar period. The contentions surrounding the specialty had both a national and a disciplinary dimension. German dominance was curtailed by American and British contributions after World War I. Particularly in America, communities of physicists and psychologists had different commitments to divergent views of nature and human perception. They therefore had to negotiate (...)
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  43.  5
    A History of Light and Colour Measurement: Science in the Shadows.Sean F. Johnston - 2001 - Bristol, UK: Institute of Physics Press.
    2003 Paul Bunge Prize of the Hans R. Jenemann Foundation for the History of Scientific Instruments Judging the brightness and color of light has long been contentious. Alternately described as impossible and routine, it was beset by problems both technical and social. How trustworthy could such measurements be? Was the best standard of intensity a gas lamp, an incandescent bulb, or a glowing pool of molten metal? And how much did the answers depend on the background of the specialist? A (...)
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  44.  16
    Nursing Ethics in the Seventh-Day Adventist Religious Tradition.Elizabeth Johnston Taylor & Mark F. Carr - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (6):707-718.
    Nurses’ religious beliefs influence their motivations and perspectives, including their practice of ethics in nursing care. When the impact of these beliefs is not recognized, great potential for unethical nursing care exists. Thus, this article examines how the theology of one religious tradition, Seventh-day Adventism (SDA), could affect nurses. An overview of SDA history and beliefs is presented, which explains why ‘medical missionary’ work is central to SDAs. Theological foundations that would permeate an SDA nurse’s view of the nursing metaparadigm (...)
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  45.  22
    The Construction of Colorimetry by Committee.Sean F. Johnston - 1996 - Science in Context 9 (4).
    This paper explores the confrontation of physical and contextual factors involved in the emergence of the subject of color measurement, which stabilized in essentially its present form during the interwar period. The contentions surrounding the specialty had both a national and a disciplinary dimension. German dominance was curtailed by American and British contributions after World War I. Particularly in America, communities of physicists and psychologists had different commitments to divergent views of nature and human perception. They therefore had to negotiate (...)
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  46.  19
    REVIEW: Alexandra Rutherford, Beyond the Box: B.F. Skinner’s Technology of Behaviour From Laboratory to Life, 1950s-1970s. [REVIEW]Jennifer Fraser - 2013 - Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):100-102.
    In 2009 Alexandra Rutherford presented readers with a much-needed post-revisionist interpretation of the the behaviorist movement by elucidating the ways in which social context affected popular acceptance of, and resistance to, the central tenants of B.F. Skinner’s psychological theories. By outlining the ways in which American culture both facilitated and hindered behaviorism success, Rutherford's "Beyond the Box: B.F. Skinnner's technology of behavior from laboratory to life, 1950s-1970s" provides an alternative to strictly intellectual histories of behaviorism by examining how technological (...)
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  47.  20
    James F. W. Johnston's Influence on Agricultural Chemistry in the Netherlands.H. A. M. Snelders - 1981 - Annals of Science 38 (5):571-584.
    This paper describes the introduction of Liebig's ideas on agricultural chemistry into the Netherlands. The aversion to Liebig held by the Utrecht professor G. J. Mulder hindered the direct influence that might have been borne by Liebig's own writings; the introduction was made principally by means of Dutch translations of the text-books of the Scottish agricultural chemist J. F. W. Johnston, who generally followed Liebig's ideas.
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  48. John Gillott and Manjit Kumar, Science and the Retreat From Reason. [REVIEW]Sean F. Johnston - 1996 - Public Understanding of Science 5:179-181.
  49. In Search of Space: Fourier Spectroscopy, 1950-1970.Sean F. Johnston - 2001 - In B. Joerges & T. Shinn (eds.), Instrumentation: Between Science, State and Industry, Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. pp. 121-141.
    In the large grey area between science and technology, specialisms emerge with associated specialists. But some specialisms remain ‘peripheral sciences’, never attaining the status of disciplines ensconced in universities, and their specialists do not become recognised professionals. A major social component of such side-lined sciences – one important grouping of techno-scientific workers – is the research-technology community. An important question concerning research-technology is to explain how the grouping survives without specialised disciplinary and professional affiliations. The case discussed illustrates the dynamics (...)
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  50.  48
    From Eye to Machine: Shifting Authority in Color Measurement.Sean F. Johnston - 2002 - In B. Saunders & J. Van Brakel (eds.), Theories, Technologies, Instrumentalities of Color: Anthropological and Historiographic Perspectives. Lanham, MD 20706, USA: University Press of America. pp. 289-306.
    Given a subject so imbued with contention and conflicting theoretical stances, it is remarkable that automated instruments ever came to replace the human eye as sensitive arbiters of color specification. Yet, dramatic shifts in assumptions and practice did occur in the first half of the twentieth century. How and why was confidence transferred from careful observers to mechanized devices when the property being measured – color – had become so closely identified with human physiology and psychology? A fertile perspective on (...)
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