Results for 'Neil E. Williams'

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  1. The Powers Metaphysic.Neil E. Williams - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Neil E. Williams develops a systematic metaphysics centred on the idea of powers, as a rival to neo-Humeanism, the dominant systematic metaphysics in philosophy today. Williams takes powers to be inherently causal properties and uses them as the foundation of his explanations of causation, persistence, laws, and modality.
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  2.  31
    A Dispositional Theory of Possibility.Neil E. Williams Andrea Borghini - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):21-41.
    The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world – this one – and that all genuine possibilities are grounded in the dispositions exemplified in it. This is the case whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine possibility. (...)
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  3. Puzzling Powers: The Problem of Fit.Neil E. Williams - 2010 - In Anna Marmodoro (ed.), The Metaphysics of Powers: Their Grounding and Their Manifestations. Routledge. pp. 84--105.
    – The conjunction of three plausible theses about the nature of causal powers—that they are intrinsic, that their effects are produced mutually, and that the manifestations they are for are essential to them—leads to a problem concerning the ability of causal powers to work together to produce manifestations. I call this problem the problem of fit. Fortunately for proponents of a power-based metaphysic, the problem of fit is not insurmountable. Fit can be engineered if powers are properties whose natures are (...)
     
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  4. Dispositions and the Argument From Science.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):71 - 90.
    Central to the debate between Humean and anti-Humean metaphysics is the question of whether dispositions can exist in the absence of categorical properties that ground them (that is, where the causal burden is shifted on to categorical properties on which the dispositions would therefore supervene). Dispositional essentialists claim that they can; categoricalists reject the possibility of such ?baseless? dispositions, requiring that all dispositions must ultimately have categorical bases. One popular argument, recently dubbed the ?Argument from Science?, has appeared in one (...)
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  5. Putting Powers Back on Multi-Track.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (3):581-595.
    Power theorists are divided on the question of whether individual powers are single-track (for a single manifestation type) or are multi-track (capable of producing distinct manifestation types for distinct stimuli). EJ Lowe has recently defended single-tracking, arguing that the multi-tracker can provide no adequate reason for treating powers as capable of having multiple manifestation types, and claiming that putative instances of multi-track powers are either single-track powers in need of unifying descriptions or are merely several single-track powers. I respond to (...)
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  6.  86
    Arthritis and Nature's Joints.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - In Michael O'Rourke, Joseph Keim Campbell & Matthew H. Slater (eds.), Carving Nature at its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science. MIT Press.
    This chapter focuses on the view that diseases comprise natural kinds and how this view is in conflict with the essentialist picture of natural kinds as championed by Kripke and Putnam. This essentialist depiction of natural kinds contends that in order for a class of entities to be a natural kind, it is required that all and only members of the class instantiate very specific properties that explain the presence of any other properties typically associated with being a member of (...)
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  7. Putnam's Traditional Neo-Essentialism.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):151 - 170.
    Recently, several philosophers have defended what might be called `neo-essentialism' about natural kinds. Their views purport to improve upon the traditional essentialism of Kripke and Putnam by rejecting the claim that essences must be comprised of intrinsic properties. I argue that this so-called break from traditional essentialism is not a break at all, because the widespread interpretation of Putnam according to which he takes essences to be intrinsic is mistaken. Putnam makes no claim to the effect that essences of natural (...)
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  8. A Dispositional Theory of Possibility.Andrea Borghini & Neil E. Williams - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):21–41.
    – The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world—this one—and that all genuine possibilities are anchored by the dispositions exemplified in this world. This is the case regardless of whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine possibility. (...)
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  9. The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
    The aim of the paper is to give an ontologically informed account of disease that can aid in the construction of disease ontologies. The paper begins by distinguishing cases of diseases from what are purely structural abnormalities, referred to as ‘disorders’. The paper then presents a causal model apt for the understanding of disease that distinguishes diseases from both their causes and their potential effects. The analysis of disease defended treats disease in terms of distortions of standard cellular network processes, (...)
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  10.  19
    Amorphic Kinds: Cluster’s Last Stand?Neil E. Williams - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1 - 2):1-19.
    I raise a puzzle case for “cluster” accounts of natural kinds—the homeostatic property cluster and stable property cluster accounts, especially—on the basis of their expected treatment of the metaphysics of certain disease kinds. Some kinds, I argue, fail to exhibit the co-instantiated property clusters these cluster views take to be constitutive of natural kinds. Some genetic diseases, for example, have archetypical instances with few or none of the pathological processes or symptoms associated with the kind: their instances are typified by (...)
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  11.  23
    Dispositional Pluralism By Jennifer McKitrick. [REVIEW]Neil E. Williams - 2019 - Analysis 79 (4):803-805.
    Dispositional Pluralism By McKitrickJenniferOxford University Press, 2018. iv + 262 pp.
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  12.  75
    Do Zombies Hunger for Humean Brains?Neil E. Williams - 2007 - SWIF Philosophy of Mind Review 6 (2):62-72.
    John Heil’s From an Ontological Point of View (Heil 2003) is a tremendous philosophical work. The neo-Lockean ontology the reader finds within its 267 pages is a sensible and refreshing alternative to the neo-Humean ontologies which presently occupy the vast majority of the metaphysical literature. What Heil offers is a much needed change in perspective. Nor are the strengths of the book limited to Heil’s willingness to approach central metaphysical problems in largely untried and unpopular way; the book is very (...)
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  13.  24
    Review of Peter Unger, Philosophical Papers: Volumes 1 & 2[REVIEW]Neil E. Williams - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (2).
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  14.  19
    Amorphic Kinds: Cluster’s Last Stand?Neil E. Williams - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):14.
    I raise a puzzle case for “cluster” accounts of natural kinds—the homeostatic property cluster and stable property cluster accounts, especially—on the basis of their expected treatment of the metaphysics of certain disease kinds. Some kinds, I argue, fail to exhibit the co-instantiated property clusters these cluster views take to be constitutive of natural kinds. Some genetic diseases, for example, have archetypical instances with few or none of the pathological processes or symptoms associated with the kind: their instances are typified by (...)
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  15.  13
    (A new paradigm for) the problem of the many.Neil E. Williams - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    This paper offers an original solution to the problem of the many, built on a foundation of powers-based causation. At its most basic, the solution should be understood as a type of maximality response, and on those grounds its originality might be questioned. However, it is argued that novelty of the solution owes as much to the meta-metaphysical context in which the solution is framed as it does the model of causal powers. A discussion of paradigms in metaphysics is included.
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  16.  1
    The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
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  17.  61
    Walter E. Broman, Timothy C. Lord, Roy W. Perrett, Colin Dickson, Jill P. Baumgaertner, Eva L. Corredor, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, Timothy V. Kaufman-Osborn, Jay S. Andrews, David M. Thompson, David Carey, David Parker, David Novitz, Norman Simms, David Herman, Paul Taylor, Jeff Mason, Robert D. Cottrell, David Gorman, Mark Stein, Constance S. Spreen, Will Morrisey, Jan Pilditch, Herman Rapaport, Mark Johnson, Michael McClintick, John D. Cox, Arthur Kirsch, Burton Watson, Michael Platt, Gary M. Ciuba, Karsten Harries, Mary Anne O'Neil[REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1992 - Philosophy and Literature 16 (2):373.
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  18.  13
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]William Cornegay, Paul T. Rosewell, Charles A. Tesconi, Charles Kniker, William W. Brickman, Donald E. Gerlock, Donald R. Warren, Robert Moon, Neil R. Phinney, Michael L. Mazzarese, Milton K. Reimer, Seymouor W. Itzkoff, Marcella R. Lawler, A. Bruce Mckay & Glenn Smith - unknown
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    Mary Anne O'Neil, William E. Cain, Christopher Wise, C. S. Schreiner, Willis Salomon, James A. Grimshaw, Jr., Donald K. Hedrick, Wendell V. Harris, Paul Duro, Julia Epstein, Gerald Prince, Douglas Robinson, Lynne S. Vieth, Richard Eldridge, Robert Stoothoff, John Anzalone, Kevin Walzer, Eric J. Ziolkowski, Jacqueline LeBlanc, Anna Carew-Miller, Alfred R. Mele, David Herman, James M. Lang, Andrew J. McKenna, Michael Calabrese, Robert Tobin, Sandor Goodhart, Moira Gatens, Paul Douglass, John F. Desmond, James L. Battersby, Marie J. Aquilino, Celia E. Weller, Joel Black, Sandra Sherman, Herman Rapaport, Jonathan Levin, Ali Abdullatif Ahmida, David Lewis Schaefer. [REVIEW]Donald Phillip Verene - 1994 - Philosophy and Literature 18 (1):131.
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  20.  11
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Jerry Miner, George A. Male, George W. Bright, Cole S. Brembeck, Ronald E. Hull, Roger R. Woock, Ralph J. Erickson, Oliver S. Ikenberry, William F. O'neill, William H. Hay, David Neil Silk, Gail Zivin & David Conrad - unknown
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  21.  58
    Edwin Stein, Joseph Gibaldi, Fernand Hallyn, Timothy Hampton, Allan H. Pasco, John F. Desmond, Walter Adamson, Robert T. Corum, Mary Anne O'Neil, David Gorman, Richard Kaplan, Michael Weber, Willard Bohn, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, English Showalter, Michael Winkler, Richard Eldridge, Michael McClintick, Leslie D. Harris, Paul Taylor, John J. Stuhr, David Novitz, Paul Trembath, Mark Stocker, Michael McGaha, Patricia A. Ward, Michael Fischer, Michael Lopez, Ruth Ap Roberts, Gerald Prince. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1993 - Philosophy and Literature 17 (2):343.
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  22.  3
    Approximate Optimal Control as a Model for Motor Learning.Neil E. Berthier, Michael T. Rosenstein & Andrew G. Barto - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):329-346.
  23.  16
    Why and How Do Journals Retract Articles? An Analysis of Medline Retractions 1988-2008.E. Wager & P. Williams - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):567-570.
    Background Journal editors are responsible for what they publish and therefore have a duty to correct the record if published work is found to be unreliable. One method for such correction is retraction of an article. Anecdotal evidence suggested a lack of consistency in journal policies and practices regarding retraction. In order to develop guidelines, we reviewed retractions in Medline to discover how and why articles were retracted. Methods We retrieved all available Medline retractions from 2005 to 2008 and a (...)
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  24.  5
    Plant Pathology in the Penultimate Century.Neil E. Stevens - 1934 - Isis 21 (1):98-122.
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  25.  1
    Biological Factors in Eating and its Disorders.Neil E. Rowland - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (3):244-249.
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  26.  14
    Biological Factors in Eating and its Disorders.Neil E. Rowland - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):244-249.
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  27.  13
    Set-Valued Set Theory: Part One.E. William Chapin - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15:619.
  28.  76
    Physics and Finance.Neil E. Johnson - 1997 - Complexity 2 (4):3-6.
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  29. Using Social Psychology Principles to Develop Emotionally Intelligent Healthcare Leaders.Neil E. Grunberg, John E. McManigle & Erin S. Barry - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  30.  14
    Set-Valued Set Theory: Part Two.E. William Chapin - 1975 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 16:255.
  31.  23
    Divine Simplicity: WILLIAM E. MANN.William E. Mann - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (4):451-471.
    In The City of God , XI, 10, St Augustine claims that the divine nature is simple because ‘it is what it has’ . We may take this as a slogan for the Doctrine of Divine Simplicity , a doctrine which finds its way into orthodox medieval Christian theological speculation. Like the doctrine of God's timeless eternality, the DDS has seemed obvious and pious to many, and incoherent, misguided, and repugnant to others. Unlike the doctrine of God's timeless eternality, the (...)
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  32.  7
    Thirst and Water‐Salt Appetite.Neil E. Rowland - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
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  33.  6
    The Mycological Work of Henry W. Ravenel.Neil E. Stevens - 1932 - Isis 18 (1):133-149.
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  34.  16
    Is Attentional Selection to Different Levels of Hierarchical Structure Based on Spatial Frequency?Marvin R. Lamb, E. William Yund & Heather M. Pond - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (1):88.
  35.  9
    Gentzen-Like Systems for Partial Propositional Calculi. II.E. William Chapin - 1971 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 12 (2):179-182.
  36.  4
    William E. Connolly: Democracy, Pluralism & Political Theory.William E. Connolly - 2007 - Routledge.
    William E. Connolly’s writings have pushed the leading edge of political theory, first in North America and then in Europe as well, for more than two decades now. This book draws on his numerous influential books and articles to provide a coherent and comprehensive overview of his significant contribution to the field of political theory. The book focuses in particular on three key areas of his thinking: Democracy: his work in democratic theory - through his critical challenges to the traditions (...)
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  37.  9
    Measuring Executive Function in Control Subjects and TBI Patients with Question Completion Time.David L. Woods, E. William Yund, John M. Wyma, Ron Ruff & Timothy J. Herron - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  38. The Backward Clock, Truth-Tracking, and Safety.John N. Williams & Neil Sinhababu - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (1):46-55.
    We present Backward Clock, an original counterexample to Robert Nozick’s truth-tracking analysis of propositional knowledge, which works differently from other putative counterexamples and avoids objections to which they are vulnerable. We then argue that four ways of analysing knowledge in terms of safety, including Duncan Pritchard’s, cannot withstand Backward Clock either.
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  39.  25
    Simplicity and Properties: A Reply to Morris: WILLIAM E. MANN.William E. Mann - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (3-4):343-353.
    The doctrine of divine simplicity, the doctrine that God has no physical or metaphysical complexity whatsoever, is not a doctrine designed to induce immediate philosophical acquiescence. There are severe questions about its coherence. And even if those questions can be answered satisfactorily in favour of the doctrine, there remains the question why anyone should accept it. Thomas V. Morris raises both sorts of questions about a version of the doctrine which I have put forward. In the following pages I shall (...)
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  40.  40
    The Making of the English Working Class.Neil J. Smelser & E. P. Thompson - 1966 - History and Theory 5 (2):213.
  41. The Disappearance of Introspection.William E. Lyons - 1986 - MIT Press.
    William Lyons presents an original thesis on introspection as self-interpretation in terms of a culturally influenced model. His work rests on a lucid, careful, and critical examination of the transformations that have occurred over the past century in the concepts and models of introspection in philosophy and psychology. He reviews the history of introspection in the work of Wundt, Boring, and William James, and reactions to it by behaviorists Watson, Lashley, Ryle, and Skinner.
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  42. William E.William E. Connolly - 2007 - Routledge.
    William E. Connolly’s writings have pushed the leading edge of political theory, first in North America and then in Europe as well, for more than two decades now. This book draws on his numerous influential books and articles to provide a coherent and comprehensive overview of his significant contribution to the field of political theory. The book focuses in particular on three key areas of his thinking: Democracy: his work in democratic theory - through his critical challenges to the traditions (...)
     
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  43.  20
    Two Modes of Learning for Interactive Tasks.Neil A. Hayes & Donald E. Broadbent - 1988 - Cognition 28 (3):249-276.
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  44.  8
    Genevan Libraries of the Early 1600's: Magistrate and Refugee.E. William Monter - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  45. Genevan Libraries of the Early 1600s.E. William Monter - 1965 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 27:521-531.
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  46.  10
    Islam.G. E. von Grunebaum & John Alden Williams - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (1):83.
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  47.  11
    Review: E. William Chapin, Gentzen-Like Systems for Partial Propositional Calculi. [REVIEW]K. Iseki - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):469-469.
  48.  15
    E. William ChapinJr., Gentzen-Like Systems for Partial Propositional Calculi. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, Vol. 12 , Pp. 75–80, and Pp. 179–182. [REVIEW]K. Iséki - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):469.
  49. Joyce E. Williams and Vicky M. MacLean, Settlement Sociology in the Progressive Years. Faith, Science, and Reform. Studies in Critical Social Sciences Series. [REVIEW]Anthony J. Blasi - 2016 - Critical Research on Religion 4 (1):119-122.
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  50.  11
    A Review of the Systems of Ethics Founded on the Theory of Evolution. [REVIEW]E. Ritchie & C. M. Williams - 1894 - Philosophical Review 3 (2):221.
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