Results for 'Blair McDonald'

(not author) ( search as author name )
1000+ found
Order:
  1.  83
    Friendship's Future: Derrida's Promising Thought.Blair McDonald - 2009 - Derrida Today 2 (2):210-221.
    This paper will address the political and ethical ramifications of Derrida's concern for friendship in relation to his concerns with the future of democracy, rights of hospitality and cosmopolitics. The questions addressed read as follows: Is there a way we can get beyond this stance which not only consolidates a friendship of the ‘perhaps’ with a friendship of the promise, but also implicates their consolidation with the very future of what we today call democracy? Is there a way in which (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  29
    Interview: Choreographies: Jacques Derrida and Christie V. McDonald.Christie V. McDonald & Jacques Derrida - 1982 - Diacritics 12 (2):66.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  3.  13
    Spontaneous Symbol Acquisition and Communicative Use by Pygmy Chimpanzees.Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Kelly McDonald, Rose A. Sevcik, William D. Hopkins & Elizabeth Rubert - 1986 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (3):211-235.
  4. How Similar Are Fluid Cognition and General Intelligence? A Developmental Neuroscience Perspective on Fluid Cognition as an Aspect of Human Cognitive Ability.Blair Clancy - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):109-125.
    This target article considers the relation of fluid cognitive functioning to general intelligence. A neurobiological model differentiating working memory/executive function cognitive processes of the prefrontal cortex from aspects of psychometrically defined general intelligence is presented. Work examining the rise in mean intelligence-test performance between normative cohorts, the neuropsychology and neuroscience of cognitive function in typically and atypically developing human populations, and stress, brain development, and corticolimbic connectivity in human and nonhuman animal models is reviewed and found to provide evidence of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  5. A Cognitive Developmental Approach to Morality: Investigating the Psychopath.R. Blair - 1995 - Cognition 57 (1):1-29.
    Various social animal species have been noted to inhibit aggressive attacks when a conspecific displays submission cues. Blair (1993) has suggested that humans possess a functionally similar mechanism which mediates the suppression of aggression in the context of distress cues. He has suggested that this mechanism is a prerequisite for the development of the moral/conventional distinction; the consistently observed distinction in subject's judgments between moral and conventional transgressions. Psychopaths may lack this violence inhibitor. A causal model is developed showing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   274 citations  
  6.  15
    Educating Gratitude: Some Conceptual and Moral Misgivings.Blaire Morgan, Liz Gulliford & David Carr - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (1):97-111.
    In a rapidly expanding academic literature on gratitude, psychologists, philosophers and educational theorists have argued that gratitude is not just of great psycho-social importance but also of moral significance. It would therefore seem to follow that the promotion of gratitude is also of moral educational significance. In this regard, recent attempts by psychologists to develop practical interventions designed to make people more grateful should be of some interest. However, while appreciating some benefits of such work, this article argues that much (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  46
    McDonald, From Page One.R. Thomas Mcdonald - 1992 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 10 (4):18-22.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  47
    Domain Generality Versus Modality Specificity: The Paradox of Statistical Learning.Ram Frost, Blair C. Armstrong, Noam Siegelman & Morten H. Christiansen - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):117-125.
  9.  12
    Freud, Proust and Lacan: Theory as Fiction.Margaret Gray-McDonald & Malcolm Bowie - 1989 - Substance 18 (1):89.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10.  18
    Fable Hospital 2.0: The Business Case for Building Better Health Care Facilities.Blair L. Sadler, Leonard L. Berry, Robin Guenther, D. Kirk Hamilton, Frederick A. Hessler, Clayton Merritt & Derek Parker - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (1):13-23.
  11.  11
    Having Conversations About Organ Donation.Blair L. Sadler & Nicole Robins Sadler - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):inside back cover-inside back co.
    While 90 percent of participants in a 2005 Gallup poll indicated that they would donate an organ if asked, only 40 percent of Americans have registered to do so, according to 2012 data from Donate Life America; likely even fewer have shared their donation wishes with loved ones. Undoubtedly, the single biggest reason for the discrepancy between the number of potential transplants and the number actually performed is our failure to talk with loved ones about our wishes regarding organ donation. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12. McDonald's "Empirical Look at Becoming Vegan".Rachel MacNair - 2001 - Society and Animals 9 (1):63-69.
    McDonald offers insights from in-depth interviews with twelve long-term vegans. I have done similar qualitative work with two focus groups, and I have done a quantitative survey with 385 respondents recruited through vegetarian channels . Several points McDonald made can be confirmed or expanded upon from these studies, and there are other important considerations in the investigation of becoming vegetarian or vegan. As McDonald says, the current literature on becoming vegetarian or vegan is scant. One addition is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  11
    McDonaldizing Men's Bodies? Slimming, Associated (Ir) Rationalities and Resistances.Lee F. Monaghan - 2007 - Body and Society 13 (2):67-93.
    Using Ritzer’s McDonaldization of Society thesis as a reference point, this article contributes sociologically to burgeoning critical obesity studies. It does this using qualitative data from a study of men and weightrelated issues undertaken in northern England. Taking a counter-intuitive approach, it explores whether slimming proceeds in accord with the rationalizing principles of the fast-food restaurant: calculability, efficiency, predictability and technological control. Rather than reproducing a simplified and ultimately stigmatizing account, where fatness is a pathological bodily state caused by fast (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  63
    The Role of Moral Intensity in Moral Judgments: An Empirical Investigation. [REVIEW]Sara A. Morris & Robert A. McDonald - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (9):715 - 726.
    Jones (1991) has proposed an issue-contingent model of ethical decision making by individuals in organizations. The distinguishing feature of the issue was identified as its moral intensity, which determines the moral imperative in the situation. In this study, we adapted three scenarios from the literature in order to examine the issue-contingent model. Findings, based on a student sample, suggest that (1) the perceived and actual dimensions of moral intensity often differed; (2) perceived moral intensity variables, in the aggregate, significantly affected (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   83 citations  
  15.  80
    Recent Work on the Concept of Gratitude in Philosophy and Psychology.Liz Gulliford, Blaire Morgan & Kristján Kristjánsson - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):285-317.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  16.  79
    A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing: The Use of Ethics-Related Terms in 10-K Reports.Tim Loughran, Bill McDonald & Hayong Yun - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S1):39-49.
    We examine the occurrence of ethicsrelated terms in 10-K annual reports over 1994-2006 and offer empirical observations on the conceptual framework of Erhard et al. 2007). We use a pre-Sarbanes-Oxley sample subset to compare the occurrence of ethics-related terms in our 10-K data with samples from other studies that consider virtue-related phenomena. We find that firms using ethics-related terms are more likely to be "sin" stocks, are more likely to be the object of class action lawsuits, and are more likely (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  17.  38
    The What, When, Where, and How of Visual Word Recognition.Manuel Carreiras, Blair C. Armstrong, Manuel Perea & Ram Frost - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):90-98.
  18.  33
    The Teaching of Business Ethics: A Survey of AACSB Member Schools. [REVIEW]Lyle F. Schoenfeldt, Don M. McDonald & Stuart A. Youngblood - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (3):237 - 241.
    This report presents the findings of a survey of business ethics education undertaken in the Fall of 1988. The respondents were the deans of colleges and universities associated with the AACSB.Ethics, as a curriculum topic, received significant coverage at over 90 percent of the institutions, with 53 percent indicating interest in increasing coverage of the subject. The tabulations of this survey may prove useful to schools seeking to compare or develop their emphases in business ethics.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  19.  72
    Places of Public Memory: The Rhetoric of Museums and Memorials.Greg Dickinson, Carole Blair & Brian L. Ott (eds.) - 2010 - University of Alabama Press.
    introduction Rhetoric/Memory/Place Carole Blair, Greg Dickinson, and Brian L. Ott The story is told of the poet Simonides of Ceos who, after chanting a poem ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20.  14
    Settling Dynamics in Distributed Networks Explain Task Differences in Semantic Ambiguity Effects: Computational and Behavioral Evidence.Blair C. Armstrong & David C. Plaut - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 273--278.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21.  30
    Blair on Rodin: Rejoinder.Per Albert Ilsaas - 2008 - Res Publica 14 (4):313-316.
    The article is a brief response to Jacob Blair’s critique of David Rodin’s argument in War and Self-Defense that there are circumstances in which war conceivably could be justified not as self-defence, but as law enforcement or punishment. It argues that while Rodin’s position potentially is less dilemmatic than Blair suggests, Blair nevertheless usefully highlights tensions within it. Blair’s own argument in favour of ar as law-enforcement is suggestive, but in no way conclusive.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  28
    Emotion-Based Learning Systems and the Development of Morality.R. J. R. Blair - 2017 - Cognition 167:38-45.
    In this paper it is proposed that important components of moral development and moral judgment rely on two forms of emotional learning: stimulus-reinforcement and response-outcome learning. Data in support of this position will be primarily drawn from work with individuals with the developmental condition of psychopathy as well as fMRI studies with healthy individuals. Individuals with psychopathy show impairment on moral judgment tasks and a pronounced increased risk for instrumental antisocial behavior. It will be argued that these impairments are developmental (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  23.  52
    Comparing Ethical Ideologies Across Cultures.Catherine N. Axinn, M. Elizabeth Blair, Alla Heorhiadi & Sharon V. Thach - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):103 - 119.
    Using measures developed by Singhapakdi et al. (1996, Journal of Business ethics 15, 1131–1140) the perceived importance of ethics and social responsibility (PRESOR) is measured among MBA students in the United States, Malaysia and Ukraine revealing a stockholder view and two stakeholder views. Relativism and Idealism are also measured. The scores of MBA students are compared among each other and with those of the U.S. managers who were part of the original study. Managers'' scores tend to be significantly higher on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  24. Studies in Critical Thinking.John Anthony Blair (ed.) - 2019 - Windsor: University of Windsor.
    Critical thinking deserves both imaginative teaching and serious theoretical attention. Studies in Critical Thinking assembles an all-star cast to serve both.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  25. The Psychopath. Emotion and the Brain.R. J. R. Blair, D. Mitchell & K. Blair - 2005 - Blackwell.
    Psychopaths continue to be demonised by the media and estimates suggest that a disturbing percentage of the population has psychopathic tendencies. This timely and controversial new book summarises what we already know about psychopathy and antisocial behavior and puts forward a new case for its cause - with far-reaching implications. Presents the scientific facts of psychopathy and antisocial behavior. Addresses key questions, such as: What is psychopathy? Are there psychopaths amongst us? What is wrong with psychopaths? Is psychopathy due to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  26.  41
    Commonality in Codes of Ethics.Margaret Forster, Tim Loughran & Bill McDonald - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S2):129 - 139.
    We create a database of company codes of ethics from firms listed on the Standard & Poor's 500 Index and, separately, a sample of small firms. The SEC believes that "ethics codes do, and should, vary from company to company." Using textual analysis techniques, we measure the extent of commonality across the documents. We find substantial levels of common sentences used by the firms, including a few cases where the codes of ethics are essentially identical. We consider these results in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  27. The Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex in Morality and Psychopathy.R. J. Blair - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):387-392.
  28.  27
    Exogenous Spatial Cuing Studies of Human Crossmodal Attention and Multisensory Integration.Charles Spence, John Mcdonald & Jon Driver - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  29.  6
    Reinstating the Marginalized Body in Nursing Science: Epistemological Privilege and the Lived Life.Carol McDonald & Marjorie McIntyre - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):234-239.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  30. The Recent Development of Informal Logic.Ralph H. Johnson & J. Anthony Blair - forthcoming - Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  31.  42
    Complexity of a Modelling Exercise: A Discussion of the Role of Computer Simulation in Complex System Science.Fabio Boschetti, David McDonald & Randall Gray - 2008 - Complexity 13 (6):21-28.
  32. Responding to the Emotions of Others: Dissociating Forms of Empathy Through the Study of Typical and Psychiatric Populations.R. J. R. Blair - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):698-718.
    Empathy is a lay term that is becoming increasingly viewed as a unitary function within the field of cognitive neuroscience. In this paper, a selective review of the empathy literature is provided. It is argued from this literature that empathy is not a unitary system but rather a loose collection of partially dissociable neurocognitive systems. In particular, three main divisions can be made: cognitive empathy , motor empathy, and emotional empathy. The two main psychiatric disorders associated with empathic dysfunction are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  33.  85
    Grapheme-Color Synaesthesia Benefits Rule-Based Category Learning.Marcus R. Watson, Mark R. Blair, Pavel Kozik, Kathleen A. Akins & James T. Enns - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1533-1540.
    Researchers have long suspected that grapheme-color synaesthesia is useful, but research on its utility has so far focused primarily on episodic memory and perceptual discrimination. Here we ask whether it can be harnessed during rule-based Category learning. Participants learned through trial and error to classify grapheme pairs that were organized into categories on the basis of their associated synaesthetic colors. The performance of synaesthetes was similar to non-synaesthetes viewing graphemes that were physically colored in the same way. Specifically, synaesthetes learned (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  34. Deity and Human Agency in Plato'laws'.Blair Campbell - 1981 - History of Political Thought 2 (3):417-446.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  84
    Charitable Conflicts of Interest.Chris MacDonald, Michael McDonald & Wayne Norman - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):67 - 74.
    This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit organisations are especially prone to and vulnerable to conflict-of-interest scandals. Conflicts of interest corrode trust; and stakeholder trust (particularly from donors) is the lifeblood of most charities. We focus on some specific challenges faced by charitable organisations providing funding for scientific (usually medical) research, and examine a case (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  36.  5
    Visual Attention to Emotion in Depression: Facilitation and Withdrawal Processes.Blair E. Wisco, Teresa A. Treat & Andrew Hollingworth - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):602-614.
  37.  42
    Differential Patterns of Spontaneous Experiential Response to a Hypnotic Induction: A Latent Profile Analysis.Devin Blair Terhune & Etzel Cardeña - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1140-1150.
    A hypnotic induction produces different patterns of spontaneous experiences across individuals. The magnitude and characteristics of these responses covary moderately with hypnotic suggestibility, but also differ within levels of hypnotic suggestibility. This study sought to identify discrete phenomenological profiles in response to a hypnotic induction and assess whether experiential variability among highly suggestible individuals matches the phenomenological profiles predicted by dissociative typological models of high hypnotic suggestibility. Phenomenological state scores indexed in reference to a resting epoch during hypnosis were submitted (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  38.  41
    Argumentation as Dialectical.J. Anthony Blair & Ralph H. Johnson - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (1):41-56.
  39.  6
    What States Can Do to Address Out-of-Network Air Ambulance Bills.Erin C. Fuse Brown, Alex McDonald & Ngan T. Nguyen - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):462-473.
    Out-of-network air ambulance bills are a pernicious and financially devastating type of surprise medical bill. Courts have broadly interpreted the Airline Deregulation Act to preempt most state attempts to regulate air ambulance billing abuses, so a federal solution is ultimately needed. However, in the absence of a federal fix, states have experimented with a variety of approaches that may survive preemption and provide some protections for their citizens.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  36
    Social Media and the McDonaldization of Friendship.Maria Bakardjieva - 2014 - Communications 39 (4):369-387.
    This article employs the concept of McDonaldization introduced by George Ritzer in his Weberian analysis of the processes of formal rationalization characteristic of late modern consumer society to reflect on the social and cultural implications of the most recent wave of communication technologies – social media. It argues that social media smuggle formal rationality into the elementary forms of social interaction, most clearly illustrated through the way they redefine the notion of friendship. In an attempt to lay the ground for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  34
    Dissociated Control as a Signature of Typological Variability in High Hypnotic Suggestibility.Devin Blair Terhune, Etzel Cardeña & Magnus Lindgren - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):727-736.
    This study tested the prediction that dissociative tendencies modulate the impact of a hypnotic induction on cognitive control in different subtypes of highly suggestible individuals. Low suggestible , low dissociative highly suggestible , and high dissociative highly suggestible participants completed the Stroop color-naming task in control and hypnosis conditions. The magnitude of conflict adaptation was used as a measure of cognitive control. LS and LDHS participants displayed marginally superior up-regulation of cognitive control following a hypnotic induction, whereas HDHS participants’ performance (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  42.  32
    The Presumption in Favor of Requirement Conflicts.Julie M. McDonald - 1995 - Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (3):49-58.
  43.  3
    McDonald and McDougal, Pride and Gain, and Justice: Comment on a Criticism of Gauthier.Jan Narveson - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (3):503-.
  44.  7
    Galen on Language and Ambiguity: An English Translation of Galen's de Captionibus , with Introduction, Text, and Commentary.Robert Blair Edlow - 1977 - Brill.
  45. Hugo Blairs Predigten: Aus Dem Englischen Übersetzt. Band 4 , Band 5 . Mit Synopse der Übersetzungsvorlagen. [REVIEW]Friedrich Schleiermacher - 2019 - De Gruyter.
    Hugh Blair gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Autoren der schottischen Aufklärung. Seine Predigten wurden mehrfach gedruckt und aufgelegt. F.D.E. Schleiermacher übernahm um die Jahrhundertwende 1800 die erste Übersetzung der Bücher 4 und 5 von Blairs Predigten ins Deutsch. Diese liegen hier in einer gewohnt hochwertigen, kritischen Edition vor.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  44
    Probative Norms for Multimodal Visual Arguments.J. Anthony Blair - 2015 - Argumentation 29 (2):217-233.
    The question, “What norms are appropriate for the evaluation of the probative merits of visual arguments?” underlies the investigation of this paper. The notions of argument and of multimodal visual argument employed in the study are explained. Then four multimodal visual arguments are analyzed and their probative merits assessed. It turns out to be possible to judge these qualities using the same criteria that apply to verbally expressed arguments. Since the sample is small and not claimed to be representative, this (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  47.  74
    The Limits of the Dialogue Model of Argument.J. Anthony Blair - 1997 - Argumentation 12 (2):325-339.
    The paper's thesis is that dialogue is not an adequate model for all types of argument. The position of Walton is taken as the contrary view. The paper provides a set of descriptions of dialogues in which arguments feature in the order of the increasing complexity of the argument presentation at each turn of the dialogue, and argues that when arguments of great complexity are traded, the exchanges between arguers are turns of a dialogue only in an extended or metaphorical (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  48.  59
    Note Taking as an Art of Transmission.Ann Blair - 2004 - Critical Inquiry 31 (1):85.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  49.  11
    Trust, but Verify: MD&A Language and the Role of Trust in Corporate Culture.Robert Audi, Tim Loughran & Bill McDonald - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (3):551-561.
    Trust is both ethically important and essential for business but difficult to measure. This paper contributes toward clarifying the nature of trust in a way that is both conceptually helpful for ethical inquiries concerning business and pertinent to the measurement of trust as an element in organizations. Several papers hypothesize that increasing the role of trust in a corporation reduces the need for external monitoring and contracts. Assessing this important hypothesis requires a way to gauge whether a firm has a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50.  16
    The Just Warrior Ethos: A Response to Colonel Riza.Joseph O. Chapa & David J. Blair - 2016 - Journal of Military Ethics 15 (3):170-186.
    In 2014, Colonel M. Shane Riza published an article in this journal arguing that remotely piloted aircraft and robotic weapons threaten the US Air Force’s warrior ethos. Riza has clearly articulated the sentiments of one side of a vibrant debate within our service. This paper presents an alternative view; a view held by some who have experienced these new forms and tools of war, and who have wrestled with their implications first-hand. In this paper, we address some methodological concerns with (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000