Results for 'Ransom Slack'

247 found
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  1. Anthony Appiah, Assertion and Conditionals Reviewed By.Ransom Slack - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (11):431-433.
     
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  2.  11
    Animal Consciousness Daisie Radner and Michael Radner Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1989, 253 P., US $34.95.Ransom Slack - 1991 - Dialogue 30 (1-2):198-.
  3. Paul Thagard, Mind: Introduction to Cognitive Science Reviewed By.Ransom Slack - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (2):146-148.
  4.  35
    Affect-Biased Attention and Predictive Processing.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour, Jelena Markovic, James Kryklywy, Evan T. Thompson & Rebecca M. Todd - 2020 - Cognition 203:104370.
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  5.  44
    Waltonian Perceptualism.Madeleine Ransom - 2020 - Wiley: The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (1).
    Kendall Walton’s project in ‘Categories of Art’ (1970) is to answer two questions. First, does the history of an artwork’s production determine its aesthetic properties? Second, how – if at all – should knowledge of the history of a work’s production influence our aesthetic judgments of its properties? While his answer to the first has been clearly understood, his answer to the second less so. Contrary to how many have interpreted Walton, such knowledge is not necessary for making aesthetic judgments; (...)
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  6. Frauds, Posers And Sheep: A Virtue Theoretic Solution To The Acquaintance Debate.Madeleine Ransom - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (2):417-434.
    The acquaintance debate in aesthetics has been traditionally divided between pessimists, who argue that testimony does not provide others with aesthetic knowledge of artworks, and optimists, who hold that acquaintance with an artwork is not a necessary precondition for acquiring aesthetic knowledge. In this paper I propose a reconciliationist solution to the acquaintance debate: while aesthetic knowledge can be had via testimony, aesthetic judgment requires acquaintance with the artwork. I develop this solution by situating it within a virtue aesthetics framework (...)
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  7.  41
    Process, Habit, and Flow: A Phenomenological Approach to Material Agency.Tailer Ransom - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):19-37.
    The artefactual environment is not just the passive, inert background against which the drama of human and non-human animal life plays out; but rather, the built environment plays an active role in the structure of agency. This is an insight that Lambros Malafouris has articulated in his framework of Material Engagement Theory. I will discuss the enactive-embodied and dynamic approaches to cognition and action, emphasizing the ways that this approach leads to taking MET seriously by force of its own theoretical (...)
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  8.  44
    Exploring Employee Engagement with Social Responsibility: A Social Exchange Perspective on Organisational Participation.R. E. Slack, S. Corlett & R. Morris - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (3):537-548.
    Corporate social responsibility is a recognised and common part of business activity. Some of the regularly cited motives behind CSR are employee morale, recruitment and retention, with employees acknowledged as a key organisational stakeholder. Despite the significance of employees in relation to CSR, relatively few studies have examined their engagement with CSR and the impediments relevant to this engagement. This exploratory case study-based research addresses this paucity of attention, drawing on one to one interviews and observation in a large UK (...)
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  9.  61
    Attention in the Predictive Mind.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour & Christopher Mole - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:99-112.
    It has recently become popular to suggest that cognition can be explained as a process of Bayesian prediction error minimization. Some advocates of this view propose that attention should be understood as the optimization of expected precisions in the prediction-error signal (Clark, 2013, 2016; Feldman & Friston, 2010; Hohwy, 2012, 2013). This proposal successfully accounts for several attention-related phenomena. We claim that it cannot account for all of them, since there are certain forms of voluntary attention that it cannot accommodate. (...)
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  10. Semantic Slack: What is Said and More.Kent Bach - 1994 - In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), Foundations of Speech Act Theory: Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 267--291.
     
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  11.  23
    Attentional Weighting in Perceptual Learning.Madeleine Ransom - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (7-8):236-248.
    Perceptual learning is an enduring change in the perceptual system – and our resulting perceptions – due to practice or repeated exposure to a perceptual stimulus. It is involved in the acquisition of perceptual expertise: the ability to make rapid and reliable high-level categorizations of objects unavailable to novices. Attentional weighting is one process by which perceptual learning occurs. Advancing our understanding of this process is of particular importance for understanding what is learned in perceptual learning. Attentional weighting seems to (...)
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  12. Why Emotions Do Not Solve the Frame Problem.Madeleine Ransom - 2016 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 353-365.
    Attempts to engineer a generally intelligent artificial agent have yet to meet with success, largely due to the (intercontext) frame problem. Given that humans are able to solve this problem on a daily basis, one strategy for making progress in AI is to look for disanalogies between humans and computers that might account for the difference. It has become popular to appeal to the emotions as the means by which the frame problem is solved in human agents. The purpose of (...)
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  13.  16
    Institutions and Other Things: Critical Hermeneutics, Postphenomenology and Material Engagement Theory.Tailer G. Ransom & Shaun Gallagher - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-8.
    Don Ihde and Lambros Malafouris have argued that “we are homo faber not just because we make things but also because we are made by them.” The emphasis falls on the idea that the things that we create, use, rely on—that is, those things with which we engage—have a recursive effect on human existence. We make things, but we also make arrangements, many of which are long-standing, material, social, normative, economic, institutional, and/or political, and many of which are supported by (...)
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  14.  6
    Some Characteristics of the "Range Effect.".Charles W. Slack - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (2):76.
  15.  2
    Waltonian PerceptualismSymposium: “Categories of Art” at 50.Madeleine Ransom - 2020 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (1):66-70.
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  16.  51
    Enrolling Adolescents in HIV Vaccine Trials: Reflections on Legal Complexities From South Africa.Catherine Slack, Ann Strode, Theodore Fleischer, Glenda Gray & Chitra Ranchod - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background South Africa is likely to be the first country in the world to host an adolescent HIV vaccine trial. Adolescents may be enrolled in late 2007. In the development and review of adolescent HIV vaccine trial protocols there are many complexities to consider, and much work to be done if these important trials are to become a reality. Discussion This article sets out essential requirements for the lawful conduct of adolescent research in South Africa including compliance with consent requirements, (...)
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  17.  12
    Leaping to Conclusions: Why Premise Relevance Affects Argument Strength.Keith J. Ransom, Amy Perfors & Daniel J. Navarro - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):1775-1796.
    Everyday reasoning requires more evidence than raw data alone can provide. We explore the idea that people can go beyond this data by reasoning about how the data was sampled. This idea is investigated through an examination of premise non-monotonicity, in which adding premises to a category-based argument weakens rather than strengthens it. Relevance theories explain this phenomenon in terms of people's sensitivity to the relationships among premise items. We show that a Bayesian model of category-based induction taking premise sampling (...)
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  18.  11
    Resource Slack and Propensity to Discount Delayed Investments of Time Versus Money.Gal Zauberman & John G. Lynch - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (1):23-37.
  19. Taking Up the Slack? Responsibility and Justice in Situations of Partial Compliance.David Miller - 2011 - In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press. pp. 230--45.
  20.  44
    It’s a Miracle: Separating the Miraculous From the Mundane.Michael R. Ransom & Mark D. Alicke - 2012 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 34 (2):243-275.
    What aspects and features of events impel people to label them as miraculous? Three studies examined people’s miracle conceptions and the factors that lead them to designate an event as a miracle. Study 1 identified the basic elements of laypersons’ miracle beliefs by instructing participants to define a miracle, to list five events that they considered miraculous, and to state what they believed to be the purpose of miracles. Results showed that individuals tend to view miracles as highly improbable and (...)
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  21.  16
    Cutting Slack and Cutting Corners: An Ethical and Pragmatic Response to Arora and Jacobs’ ‘Female Genital Alteration: A Compromise Solution’.Arianne Shahvisi - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (3):156-157.
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  22.  27
    It’s a Miracle: Separating the Miraculous From the Mundane.Michael R. Ransom & Mark D. Alicke - 2012 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 34 (2):243-275.
    What aspects and features of events impel people to label them as miraculous? Three studies examined people’s miracle conceptions and the factors that lead them to designate an event as a miracle. Study 1 identified the basic elements of laypersons’ miracle beliefs by instructing participants to define a miracle, to list five events that they considered miraculous, and to state what they believed to be the purpose of miracles. Results showed that individuals tend to view miracles as highly improbable and (...)
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  23.  5
    Ransom, Revenge, and Heroic Identity in the "Iliad".Giuseppe Lentini & D. F. Wilson - 2004 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 124:181-181.
  24.  23
    Having, Giving, and Getting: Slack Resources, Corporate Philanthropy, and Firm Financial Performance.Bruce Seifert, Sara A. Morris & Barbara R. Bartkus - 2004 - Business and Society 43 (2):135-161.
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  25.  56
    Are Research Schools Necessary? Contrasting Models of 20th Century Research at Yale Led by Ross Granville Harrison, Grace E. Pickford and G. Evelyn Hutchinson.Nancy G. Slack - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (3):501 - 529.
    This paper compares and contrasts three groups that conducted biological research at Yale University during overlapping periods between 1910 and 1970. Yale University proved important as a site for this research. The leaders of these groups were Ross Granville Harrison, Grace E. Pickford, and G. Evelyn Hutchinson, and their members included both graduate students and more experienced scientists. All produced innovative research, including the opening of new subfields in embryology, endocrinology and ecology respectively, over a long period of time. Harrison's (...)
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  26.  10
    Familiar Size as a Cue to Size in the Presence of Conflicting Cues.Charles W. Slack - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (3):194.
  27. Public Visibility as a Determinant of the Rate of Corporate Charitable Donations.David Campbell & Richard Slack - 2006 - Business Ethics: A European Review 15 (1):19-28.
  28.  36
    Why We Don't Need a Relative Risk Standard for Adolescent HIV Vaccine Trials in South Africa.Catherine M. Slack - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):21 - 22.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 21-22, June 2011.
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  29.  10
    Compensation for Research-Related Injury in South Africa: A Critique of the Good Clinical Practice Guidelines.C. Slack, P. Singh, A. Strode & Z. Essack - 2012 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 5 (2).
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  30.  10
    Sharing the Riches of the Earth: Democratizing Natural Resource-Led Development.Keith Slack - 2004 - Ethics and International Affairs 18 (1):47-62.
    Many developing countries are attempting to use their natural resource endowments as the basis for economic growth and development. But countries that depend heavily on resource extraction do poorly on a variety of economic indicators, including growth rates, education levels, and income inequality.
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  31.  21
    On the Representation of Modality.Evelyn N. Ransom - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (3):357 - 379.
    In this paper I argue that noun complement modality cannot be treated as dependent on the meanings of lexical embedding predicates or of abstract performatives. Using two types of complement modalities, I show that their meanings and restrictions remain distinct and invariable regardless of the meanings of their embedding predicates. Then, using embedding predicates that can take both types of modalities, I show that the embedding predicates retain their meanings, regardless of the different modalities of their complements, and they can (...)
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  32.  69
    Culture + Technology: A Primer.Jennifer Daryl Slack - 2005 - Peter Lang.
    This book is a must read for anyone who cares about the place of technology in our lives.
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  33.  70
    'It Looks Like You Just Want Them When Things Get Rough': Civil Society Perspectives on Negative Trial Results and Stakeholder Engagement in HIV Prevention Trials.Jennifer Koen, Zaynab Essack, Catherine Slack, Graham Lindegger & Peter A. Newman - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):138-148.
    Civil society organizations (CSOs) have significantly impacted on the politics of health research and the field of bioethics. In the global HIV epidemic, CSOs have served a pivotal stakeholder role. The dire need for development of new prevention technologies has raised critical challenges for the ethical engagement of community stakeholders in HIV research. This study explored the perspectives of CSO representatives involved in HIV prevention trials (HPTs) on the impact of premature trial closures on stakeholder engagement. Fourteen respondents from South (...)
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  34.  11
    Corporate Philanthropy as a Context for Moral Agency, a MacIntyrean Enquiry.Helen Nicholson, Ron Beadle & Richard Slack - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (3):589-603.
    It has been claimed that ‘virtuous structures’ can foster moral agency in organisations. We investigate this in the context of employee involvement in corporate philanthropy, an activity whose moral status has been disputed. Employing Alasdair MacIntyre’s account of moral agency, we analyse the results of eight focus groups with employees engaged in corporate philanthropy in an employee-owned retailer, the John Lewis Partnership. Within this organisational context, Employee–Partners’ moral agency was evidenced in narrative accounts of their engagement in philanthropic activities and (...)
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  35.  54
    Crisis Management and an Ethic of Care: The Case of Northern Rock Bank. [REVIEW]Philip M. Linsley & Richard E. Slack - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (2):285-295.
    Different ethical frameworks have been proposed as appropriate for integrating into crisis management strategies. This study examines an ethic of care approach to crisis management analysing the case of Northern Rock bank which was at the centre of the recent financial crisis in the UK. The development and maintenance of relationships is fundamental to an ethic of care approach and the research recognises this by examining the bank–stakeholder relationship both before and after the crisis. Considerable anger was directed at the (...)
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  36.  3
    Taking Up the Slack: The Duties of Source State Citizens in the Brain Drain Crisis.Christine Hobden - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):33-44.
  37.  48
    Criteria for Responsible Business Practice in SMEs: An Exploratory Case of U.K. Fair Trade Organisations.Geoff Moore, Richard Slack & Jane Gibbon - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (2):173-188.
    This paper develops a set of 16 criteria, divided into four groupings, for responsible business practice (RBP) in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) drawn from the existing SME/RBP literature. The current lack of a general set of criteria against which such activity can be judged is noted and this deficit is redressed. In order to make an initial assessment in support of the criteria so derived, an exploratory feasibility study of RBP in U.K. Fair Trade organisations was conducted. The findings (...)
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  38.  29
    The Strategic Use of Corporate Philanthropy: Building Societies and Demutualisation Defences.David Campbell & Richard Slack - 2007 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 16 (4):326–343.
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  39.  20
    Killing and Allowing to Die in Medical Practice.A. Slack - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (2):82-87.
    This paper examines some of the issues related to the distinction between acts and omissions. It discusses the difficulties involved in deciding whether there is any moral significance in this distinction, particularly when it is applied to cases which involve killing or allowing to die. The paper shows how this problem relates to some of the current issues in medical ethics. It examines the issues raised by the widely publicised cases of selective treatment of handicapped children and argues that such (...)
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  40.  22
    Defining and Negotiating the Social Value of Research in Public Health Facilities: Perceptions of Stakeholders in a Research‐Active Province of South Africa.Elizabeth Lutge, Catherine Slack & Douglas Wassenaar - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (2):128-135.
    This article reports on qualitative research conducted in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, among researchers and gate-keepers of health facilities in the province. Results suggest disparate but not irreconcilable perceptions of the social value of research in provincial health facilities. This study found that researchers tended to emphasize the contribution of research to the generation of knowledge and to the health of future patients while gate-keepers of health facilities tended to emphasize its contribution to the healthcare system and to current patients. Furthermore, (...)
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  41.  14
    The Strategic Use of Corporate Philanthropy: Building Societies and Demutualisation Defences.David Campbell & Richard Slack - 2007 - Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (4):326-343.
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  42.  26
    ‘It Looks Like You Just Want Them When Things Get Rough’: Civil Society Perspectives on Negative Trial Results and Stakeholder Engagement in HIV Prevention Trials.Jennifer Koen, Zaynab Essack, Catherine Slack, Graham Lindegger & Peter A. Newman - 2013 - Developing World Bioethics 13 (3):138-148.
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  43.  10
    Resource and Needs of Research Ethics Committees in Africa: Preparations for HIV Vaccine Trials.C. Milford, D. Wassenaar & C. Slack - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 28 (2):1-9.
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  44.  7
    Cell Lineage Labels in the Early Amphibian Embryo.Jonathan M. W. Slack - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (1):5-8.
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  45.  6
    Corporate “Philanthropy Strategy” and “Strategic Philanthropy”: Some Insights From Voluntary Disclosures in Annual Reports.David Campbell & Richard Slack - 2008 - Business and Society 47 (2):187-212.
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  46.  5
    Does Size Matter? Organizational Slack and Visibility as Alternative Explanations for Environmental Responsiveness.Frances E. Bowen - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (1):118-124.
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  47. Putting Fairness in Its Place: Why There Is a Duty to Take Up the Slack.Anja Karnein - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy 111 (11):593-607.
    The view that agents are not obliged to do more than their initial fair shares when their fellow duty bearers fail to comply has prominent defenders, including Liam Murphy and David Miller. While Murphy thinks that asking agents to take up other agents’ slack would be unfair, Miller claims that slack-taking cannot be required because primary responsibility does not migrate from noncompliers to compliers. This paper argues, by contrast, that there are a number of circumstances in which there (...)
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  48.  31
    The Moderating Effects From Corporate Governance Characteristics on the Relationship Between Available Slack and Community-Based Firm Performance.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Joseph E. Coombs - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):409-422.
    Recent perspectives on community investments suggest that they are opportunities for firms to create value for shareholders and other stakeholders. However, many corporate managers are still influenced by a widely held belief that such investments erode profits and are therefore unjustifiable from an agency perspective. In this paper, we refine and test theory regarding countervailing forces that influence community-based firm performance. We hypothesize that high levels of available slack will be associated with higher community-based performance, but that this relationship (...)
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  49.  17
    Stakeholder Views of Ethical Guidance Regarding Prevention and Care in HIV Vaccine Trials.Rika Moorhouse, Catherine Slack, Michael Quayle, Zaynab Essack & Graham Lindegger - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):51.
    South Africa is a major hub of HIV prevention trials, with plans for a licensure trial to start in 2015. The appropriate standards of care and of prevention in HIV vaccine trials are complex and debated issues and ethical guidelines offer some direction. However, there has been limited empirical exploration of South African stakeholders’ perspectives on ethical guidance related to prevention and care in HIV vaccine trials.
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  50. Bridging The Emissions Gap: A Plea For Taking Up The Slack.Anne Schwenkenbecher - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 3 (1):273-301.
    With the existing commitments to climate change mitigation, global warming is likely to exceed 2°C and to trigger irreversible and harmful threshold effects. The difference between the reductions necessary to keep the 2°C limit and those reductions countries have currently committed to is called the ‘emissions gap’. I argue that capable states not only have a moral duty to make voluntary contributions to bridge that gap, but that complying states ought to make up for the failures of some other states (...)
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