Results for 'James H. Tully'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. A Letter Concerning Toleration.John Locke & James H. Tully (eds.) - 1963 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    John Locke's subtle and influential defense of religious toleration as argued in his seminal _Letter Concerning Toleration_ appears in this edition as introduced by one of our most distinguished political theorists and historians of political thought.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   99 citations  
  2.  19
    Book Review:Private Ownership. James O. Grunebaum. [REVIEW]James H. Tully - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):852-.
  3. Review of Private Ownership. [REVIEW]James H. Tully - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):852-855.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  43
    James H. Nehring 57.James H. Nehring - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  28
    Computer Reliability and Public Policy: Limits of Knowledge of Computer-Based Systems*: JAMES H. FETZER.James H. Fetzer - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (2):229-266.
    Perhaps no technological innovation has so dominated the second half of the twentieth century as has the introduction of the programmable computer. It is quite difficult if not impossible to imagine how contemporary affairs—in business and science, communications and transportation, governmental and military activities, for example—could be conducted without the use of computing machines, whose principal contribution has been to relieve us of the necessity for certain kinds of mental exertion. The computer revolution has reduced our mental labors by means (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  38
    Bad Blood Thirty Years Later: A Q&A with James H. Jones.James H. Jones & Nancy M. P. King - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):867-872.
    Historian James H. Jones published the first edition of Bad Blood, the definitive history of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, in 1981. Its clear-eyed examination of that research and its implications remains a bioethics classic, and the 30-year anniversary of its publication served as the impetus for the reexamination of research ethics that this symposium presents. Recent revelations about the United States Public Health Service study that infected mental patients and prisoners in Guatemala with syphilis in the late 1940s in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Artificial Intelligence: Its Scope and Limits.James H. Fetzer - 1990 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    1. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE? One of the fascinating aspects of the field of artificial intelligence (AI) is that the precise nature of its subject ..
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   133 citations  
  8.  3
    Philosophy and Cognitive Science.James H. Fetzer - 1991 - Paragon House.
  9. Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness.James H. Austin - 1998 - MIT Press.
    The book uses Zen Buddhism as the opening wedge for an extraordinarily wide-ranging exploration of consciousness.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  10.  26
    Semantic Priming and Retrieval From Lexical Memory: Roles of Inhibitionless Spreading Activation and Limited-Capacity Attention.James H. Neely - 1977 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 106 (3):226-254.
  11.  42
    Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World. Wesley Salmon.James H. Fetzer - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):597-610.
    If the decades of the forties through the sixties were dominated by discussion of Hempel's “covering law“ explication of explanation, that of the seventies was preoccupied with Salmon's “statistical relevance” conception, which emerged as the principal alternative to Hempel's enormously influential account. Readers of Wesley C. Salmon's Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World, therefore, ought to find it refreshing to discover that its author has not remained content with a facile defense of his previous investigations; on the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   158 citations  
  12. Language and Mentality: Computational, Representational, and Dispositional Conceptions.James H. Fetzer - 1989 - Behaviorism 17 (1):21-39.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore three alternative frameworks for understanding the nature of language and mentality, which accent syntactical, semantical, and pragmatical aspects of the phenomena with which they are concerned, respectively. Although the computational conception currently exerts considerable appeal, its defensibility appears to hinge upon an extremely implausible theory of the relation of form to content. Similarly, while the representational approach has much to recommend it, its range is essentially restricted to those units of language that (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   104 citations  
  13. Towards a Theory of Privacy in the Information Age.James H. Moor - 1997 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 27 (3):27-32.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   65 citations  
  14. Three Myths of Computer Science.James H. Moor - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):213-222.
  15.  11
    Zen-Brain Reflections: Reviewing Recent Developments in Meditation and States of Consciousness.James H. Austin - 2006 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of consciousness.Zen-Brain Reflections takes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  16. What is Computer Ethics?James H. Moor - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (4):266-275.
  17. Why We Need Better Ethics for Emerging Technologies.James H. Moor - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):111-119.
    Technological revolutions are dissected into three stages: the introduction stage, the permeation stage, and the power stage. The information revolution is a primary example of this tripartite model. A hypothesis about ethics is proposed, namely, ethical problems increase as technological revolutions progress toward and into the power stage. Genetic technology, nanotechnology, and neurotechnology are good candidates for impending technological revolutions. Two reasons favoring their candidacy as revolutionary are their high degree of malleability and their convergence. Assuming the emerging technologies develop (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  18.  66
    Professor William James' Interpretation of Religious Experience.James H. Leuba - 1904 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):322-339.
  19. An Analysis of the Turing Test.James H. Moor - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 30 (4):249 - 257.
  20.  79
    Perceptions of Country Corruption: Antecedents and Outcomes. [REVIEW]James H. Davis & John A. Ruhe - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (4):275 - 288.
    Globalization has increased the need for managers (and future managers) to predict the potential for country corruption. This study examines the relationship between Hofstede''s cultural dimensions and how country corruption is perceived. Power distance, individualism and masculinity were found to explain a significant portion of the variance in perceived corruption. A significant portion of country''s risk, trade flow with U.S.A., foreign investment, and per capita income was explained by perceived corruption.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  21. Program Verification: The Very Idea.James H. Fetzer - 1988 - Communications of the Acm 31 (9):1048--1063.
    The notion of program verification appears to trade upon an equivocation. Algorithms, as logical structures, are appropriate subjects for deductive verification. Programs, as causal models of those structures, are not. The success of program verification as a generally applicable and completely reliable method for guaranteeing program performance is not even a theoretical possibility.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  22. Information, Misinformation, and Disinformation.James H. Fetzer - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):223-229.
    Luciano Floridi offers a theory of information as a “strongly semantic” notion, according to which information encapsulates truth, thereby making truth a necessary condition for a sentence to qualify as “information”. While Floridi provides an impressive development of this position, the aspects of his approach of greatest philosophical significance are its foundations rather than its formalization. He rejects the conception of information as meaningful data, which entails at least three theses – that information can be false; that tautologies are information; (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  23.  8
    Zen-Brain Reflections.James H. Austin - 2010 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of consciousness.Zen-Brain Reflections takes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  24. The Musicality of Speech.James H. P. Lewis - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    It is common for people to be sensitive to aesthetic qualities in one another’s speech. We allow the loveliness or unloveliness of a person’s voice to make impressions on us. What is more, it is also common to allow those aesthetic impressions to affect how we are inclined to feel about the speaker. We form attitudes of liking, trusting, disliking or distrusting partly in virtue of the aesthetic qualities of a person’s speech. In this paper I ask whether such attitudes (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Information: Does It Have to Be True? [REVIEW]James H. Fetzer - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):223-229.
    Luciano Floridi (2003) offers a theory of information as a strongly semantic notion, according to which information encapsulates truth, thereby making truth a necessary condition for a sentence to qualify as information. While Floridi provides an impressive development of this position, the aspects of his approach of greatest philosophical significance are its foundations rather than its formalization. He rejects the conception of information as meaningful data, which entails at least three theses – that information can be false; that tautologies are (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  26. Global Health and the Scientific Research Agenda.James H. Flory & Philip Kitcher - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (1):36-65.
  27. William James and Immortality.James H. Leuba - 1915 - Journal of Philosophy 12 (15):409.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  29
    Mental Algorithms: Are Minds Computational Systems?James H. Fetzer - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (1):1-29.
    The idea that human thought requires the execution of mental algorithms provides a foundation for research programs in cognitive science, which are largely based upon the computational conception of language and mentality. Consideration is given to recent work by Penrose, Searle, and Cleland, who supply various grounds for disputing computationalism. These grounds in turn qualify as reasons for preferring a non-computational, semiotic approach, which can account for them as predictable manifestations of a more adquate conception. Thinking does not ordinarily require (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  29. Levinas and 'Finite Freedom'.James H. P. Lewis & Simon Thornton - 2022 - In Joe Saunders (ed.), Freedom After Kant. London: Blackwell's.
    The ethical philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas is typically associated with a punishing conception of responsibility rather than freedom. In this chapter, our aim is to explore Levinas’s often overlooked theory of freedom. Specifically, we compare Levinas’s account of freedom to the Kantian (and Fichtean) idea of freedom as autonomy and the Hegelian idea of freedom as relational. Based on these comparisons, we suggest that Levinas offers a distinctive conception of freedom—“finite freedom.” In contrast to Kantian autonomy, finite freedom constitutively involves (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  18
    Mental Algorithms: Are Minds Computational Systems?James H. Fetzer - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (1):1-29.
    The idea that human thought requires the execution of mental algorithms provides a foundation for research programs in cognitive science, which are largely based upon the computational conception of language and mentality. Consideration is given to recent work by Penrose, Searle, and Cleland, who supply various grounds for disputing computationalism. These grounds in turn qualify as reasons for preferring a non-computational, semiotic approach, which can account for them as predictable manifestations of a more adquate conception. Thinking does not ordinarily require (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  31.  8
    The Nature of Explanation.James H. Fetzer - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (3):516-519.
  32.  35
    Connectionism and Cognition: Why Fodor and Pylyshyn Are Wrong.James H. Fetzer - 1992 - In A. Clark & Ronald Lutz (eds.), Connectionism in Context. Springer Verlag. pp. 305-319.
  33.  20
    Moral Dilemmas.James H. McGrath - 1990 - Noûs 24 (2):360-363.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  34.  38
    Our Complicated System: James Madison on Power and Liberty.James H. Read - 1995 - Political Theory 23 (3):452-475.
    It has been remarked that there is a tendency in all Governments to an augmentation of power at the expense of liberty. But the remark as usually understood does not appear to me well founded.... It is a melancholy reflection that liberty should be equally exposed to danger whether the Government have too much or too little power, and that the line which divides the extremes should be so inaccurately drawn by experience. -/- Madison, letter to Jefferson, October 17, 1788.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  15
    Scientific Knowledge and Its Social Problems.James H. Moor - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):455-457.
  36.  21
    Hume's Philosophical Development.James H. Noxon - 1973 - New York: Clarendon Press.
  37.  89
    The Discretionary Normativity of Requests.James H. P. Lewis - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18:1-16.
    Being able to ask others to do things, and thereby giving them reasons to do those things, is a prominent feature of our interpersonal lives. In this paper, I discuss the distinctive normative status of requests – what makes them different from commands and demands. I argue for a theory of this normative phenomenon which explains the sense in which the reasons presented in requests are a matter of discretion. This discretionary quality, I argue, is something that other theories cannot (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38.  20
    William James and Immortality.James H. Leuba - 1915 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 12 (15):409-416.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Just Consequentialism and Computing.James H. Moor - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):61-65.
    Computer and information ethics, as well as other fields of applied ethics, need ethical theories which coherently unify deontological and consequentialist aspects of ethical analysis. The proposed theory of just consequentialism emphasizes consequences of policies within the constraints of justice. This makes just consequentialism a practical and theoretically sound approach to ethical problems of computer and information ethics.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  40. The Status and Future of the Turing Test.James H. Moor - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (1):77-93.
    The standard interpretation of the imitation game is defended over the rival gender interpretation though it is noted that Turing himself proposed several variations of his imitation game. The Turing test is then justified as an inductive test not as an operational definition as commonly suggested. Turing's famous prediction about his test being passed at the 70% level is disconfirmed by the results of the Loebner 2000 contest and the absence of any serious Turing test competitors from AI on the (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  41.  17
    Group Decision and Social Interaction: A Theory of Social Decision Schemes.James H. Davis - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (2):97-125.
  42. Questions About Sex with Socialist Answers. [REVIEW]James H. P. Lewis - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-4.
  43.  30
    "Group Decision and Social Interaction: A Theory of Social Decision Schemes": Errata.James H. Davis - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (4):302-302.
  44.  46
    Reason, Relativity, and Responsibility in Computer Ethics.James H. Moor - 1998 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 28 (1):14-21.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  45.  63
    A World of Dispositions.James H. Fetzer - 1977 - Synthese 34 (4):397 - 421.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  46.  31
    The Meaning of ΝΟΥΣ in the Posterior Analytics.James H. Lesher - 1973 - Phronesis 18 (1):44 - 68.
    In his Posterior Analytics Aristotle confronted a problem that threatened his vision of scientific knowledge as an axiomatic system: if scientific knowledge is demonstrative in character, and if the axioms of a science cannot themselves be demonstrated, then the most basic of all scientific principles will remain unknown. In the famous concluding chapter of this work (II 19), he claimed to solve this problem by distinguishing two kinds of knowledge: we cannot have epistêmê of the first principles, but we can (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  47.  10
    Chase, Chance, and Creativity: The Lucky Art of Novelty.James H. Austin - 2003 - MIT Press.
    A personal story of the ways in which persistence, chance, and creativity interact in biomedical research. This first book by the author of Zen and the Brain examines the role of chance in the creative process. James Austin tells a personal story of the ways in which persistence, chance, and creativity interact in biomedical research; the conclusions he reaches shed light on the creative process in any field. Austin shows how, in his own investigations, unpredictable events shaped the outcome (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  48.  36
    The Meaning of NOYΣ in the Posterior Analytics.James H. Lesher - 1973 - Phronesis 18 (1):44-68.
  49.  59
    Syntax, Semantics, and Ontology: A Probabilistic Causal Calculus.James H. Fetzer & Donald E. Nute - 1979 - Synthese 40 (3):453 - 495.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  50.  58
    A Single Case Propensity Theory of Explanation.James H. Fetzer - 1974 - Synthese 28 (2):171 - 198.
1 — 50 / 1000