Results for 'Alexander W. Kocurek'

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  1. On the Substitution of Identicals in Counterfactual Reasoning.Alexander W. Kocurek - forthcoming - Noûs:1-32.
    It is widely held that counterfactuals, unlike attitude ascriptions, preserve the referential transparency of their constituents, i.e., that counterfactuals validate the substitution of identicals when their constituents do. The only putative counterexamples in the literature come from counterpossibles, i.e., counterfactuals with impossible antecedents. Advocates of counterpossibilism, i.e., the view that counterpossibles are not all vacuous, argue that counterpossibles can generate referential opacity. But in order to explain why most substitution inferences into counterfactuals seem valid, counterpossibilists also often maintain that counterfactuals (...)
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  2. Counteridenticals.Alexander W. Kocurek - 2018 - The Philosophical Review 127 (3):323-369.
    A counteridentical is a counterfactual with an identity statement in the antecedent. While counteridenticals generally seem non-trivial, most semantic theories for counterfactuals, when combined with the necessity of identity and distinctness, attribute vacuous truth conditions to such counterfactuals. In light of this, one could try to save the orthodox theories either by appealing to pragmatics or by denying that the antecedents of alleged counteridenticals really contain identity claims. Or one could reject the orthodox theory of counterfactuals in favor of a (...)
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  3.  62
    The Problem of Cross-World Predication.Alexander W. Kocurek - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 45 (6):697-742.
    While standard first-order modal logic is quite powerful, it cannot express even very simple sentences like “I could have been taller than I actually am” or “Everyone could have been smarter than they actually are”. These are examples of cross-world predication, whereby objects in one world are related to objects in another world. Extending first-order modal logic to allow for cross-world predication in a motivated way has proven to be notoriously difficult. In this paper, I argue that the standard accounts (...)
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  4.  18
    On the Concept of a Notational Variant.Alexander W. Kocurek - 2017 - In Alexandru Baltag, Jeremy Seligman & Tomoyuki Yamada (eds.), Logic, Rationality, and Interaction (LORI 2017, Sapporo, Japan). pp. 284-298.
    In the study of modal and nonclassical logics, translations have frequently been employed as a way of measuring the inferential capabilities of a logic. It is sometimes claimed that two logics are “notational variants” if they are translationally equivalent. However, we will show that this cannot be quite right, since first-order logic and propositional logic are translationally equivalent. Others have claimed that for two logics to be notational variants, they must at least be compositionally intertranslatable. The definition of compositionality these (...)
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  5. Shirley Ann Brown, with a Contribution by Michael W. Herren, The Bayeux Tapestry: History and Bibliography. Woodbridge, Suffolk; and Wolfeboro, NH: Boydell Press, 1988. Pp. Xi, 186. $67. [REVIEW]James W. Alexander - 1991 - Speculum 66 (2):387-387.
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  6.  19
    Graduate Education in Philosophy.Roderick M. Chisholm, H. G. Alexander, Lewis Hahn, Paul C. Hayner & Charles W. Hendel - 1958 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 32:145-156.
    The following statement is a report of the Committee on Philosophy in Education of the American Philosophical Association and was approved by the Association's Board of Officers in September, 1959. The Committee was composed of the following: C. W. Hendel, Chairman, H. G. Alexander, R. M. Chisholm, Max Fisch, Lucius Garvin, Douglas Morgan, A. E. Murphy, Charner Perry, and R. G. Turnbull. Primary responsibility for the preparation of this report belonged to a subcommittee composed of Roderick M. Chisholm, Chairman, (...)
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  7.  55
    Book ReviewsL. W. Sumner, The Hateful and the Obscene.Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. Pp. Xi+275. $60.00.Larry Alexander - 2006 - Ethics 116 (4):809-813.
  8.  8
    Obituary: William Alexander Green Hill, M.D.W. W. - 1894 - The Classical Review 8 (9):423-424.
  9.  8
    Alexander the Great. By F. A. Wright. Pp. Xiv + 266; 8 Illustrations and a Map. London: Routledge, 1934. 10s. 6d.W. T. W. - 1934 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 54 (2):221-222.
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  10.  68
    Book Review:Authoritarianism and the Individual. Harold W. Metz, Charles A. H. Thompson; The Authoritarian Personality. T. W. Adorno, Else Frenkel-Brunswik, Daniel J. Levinson, R. Nevitt Sanford. [REVIEW]Franz Alexander - 1950 - Ethics 61 (1):76-.
  11.  23
    A Conspiracy of Optimism: Management of the National Forests Since World War Two. Paul W. Hirt.Thomas G. Alexander - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):690-691.
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  12.  21
    J. A. W. Bennett. Poetry of the Passion: Studies in Twelve Centuries of English Verse. Pp. 240. £17.50. [REVIEW]Michael Alexander - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (4):547.
  13.  23
    William Alexander Green Hill, M.D.W. W. - 1894 - The Classical Review 8 (09):423-424.
  14.  17
    Armageddon 95 Arndt, W. 61 Attridge, H. 79 Auden, WH 162 Augustine 39, 125, 128, 267.P. Abelard, M. Adams, J. Adderley, African Traditional Religion, T. Agbola, B. Aland, C. Alexander, G. Alföldy, M. Althaus-Reid & T. Altizer - 2012 - In Zoë Bennett & David B. Gowler (eds.), Radical Christian Voices and Practice: Essays in Honour of Christopher Rowland. Oxford University Press. pp. 297.
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  15.  18
    Alexander Broadie. The Shadow of Scotus: Philosophy and Faith in Pre-Reformation Scotland. Pp. VII+112. (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1996.) £17.95. [REVIEW]S. W. - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.
  16.  8
    A Conspiracy Of Optimism: Management Of The National Forests Since World War Two By Paul W. Hirt. [REVIEW]Thomas Alexander - 1995 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:690-691.
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  17. Moral Causation; or, Notes on Mr. Mill's Notes to the Chapter on 'Freedom' in the Third Ed. Of His Examination of Sir W. Hamilton's Philosophy. [REVIEW]Patrick Proctor Alexander & John Stuart Mill - 1868
     
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  18. W. C. Coupland, The Gain of Life. [REVIEW]S. Alexander - 1890 - Mind 15:563.
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  19.  8
    Book Review: Religion in Practice: An Outline of Christian Religious Teaching in the Light of the Religious Relevance of Humane Standards of Conduct. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1968 - Interpretation 22 (2):246-248.
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  20.  8
    Book Review: What's New in Religion? A Critical Study of New Theology, New Morality and Secular Christianity. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1970 - Interpretation 24 (1):117-118.
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  21.  31
    Philosophers Have Avoided Sex.W. M. Alexander - 1970 - Diogenes 18 (72):56-74.
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  22.  22
    Further Notes on the Text of Seneca's De Beneficiis.W. H. Alexander - 1937 - Classical Quarterly 31 (1):55-60.
    These suggestions for the betterment and elucidation of the text of the De Beneficiis are additional to those already published in the Classical Quarterly in January, 1934. They are based on a conviction much deepened since that time that Buck1 is right when he says: N allein, und zwar ohne seine Ueberarbeitungen von späteren Händen, darf die Grundlage des Textes von de beneficiis bilden. Préchac3, the latest critical editor in this field, substantially confirms Buck's sweeping conclusion by an independent survey (...)
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  23.  21
    Correspondence.W. H. Alexander - 1933 - The Classical Review 47 (04):153-.
  24.  21
    In Morbo Consumat.W. H. Alexander - 1936 - The Classical Review 50 (04):121-122.
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  25.  42
    Notes on The De Beneficiis of Seneca.W. H. Alexander - 1934 - Classical Quarterly 28 (01):54-.
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  26.  5
    Book Review: God and Man in the Thought of Hamann. [REVIEW]W. M. Alexander - 1967 - Interpretation 21 (2):229-230.
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  27. Johann Georg Hamann: Philosophy and Faith.W. M. ALEXANDER - 1966
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  28.  6
    Education in England: The National System-How It Works.W. P. Alexander - 1954 - British Journal of Educational Studies 3 (1):94-94.
  29.  3
    County and Voluntary Schools.W. P. Alexander & F. Barraclough - 1956 - British Journal of Educational Studies 4 (2):192-192.
  30.  71
    Computational Models of Performance Monitoring and Cognitive Control.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):658-677.
    The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been the subject of intense interest as a locus of cognitive control. Several computational models have been proposed to account for a range of effects, including error detection, conflict monitoring, error likelihood prediction, and numerous other effects observed with single-unit neurophysiology, fMRI, and lesion studies. Here, we review the state of computational models of cognitive control and offer a new theoretical synthesis of the mPFC as signaling response–outcome predictions. This new synthesis has two interacting (...)
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  31.  77
    On the Expressive Power of First-Order Modal Logic with Two-Dimensional Operators.Alexander Kocurek - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4373-4417.
    Many authors have noted that there are types of English modal sentences cannot be formalized in the language of basic first-order modal logic. Some widely discussed examples include “There could have been things other than there actually are” and “Everyone who is actually rich could have been poor.” In response to this lack of expressive power, many authors have discussed extensions of first-order modal logic with two-dimensional operators. But claims about the relative expressive power of these extensions are often justified (...)
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  32.  19
    The Role of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Prediction Error and Signaling Surprise.William H. Alexander & Joshua W. Brown - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):119-135.
    In the past two decades, reinforcement learning has become a popular framework for understanding brain function. A key component of RL models, prediction error, has been associated with neural signals throughout the brain, including subcortical nuclei, primary sensory cortices, and prefrontal cortex. Depending on the location in which activity is observed, the functional interpretation of prediction error may change: Prediction errors may reflect a discrepancy in the anticipated and actual value of reward, a signal indicating the salience or novelty of (...)
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  33.  23
    Consciousness, Self-Awareness and the Frontal Lobes.Donald T. Stuss, Terence W. Picton & Michael P. Alexander - 2001 - In S. Salloway, P. Malloy & J. Duffy (eds.), The Frontal Lobes and Neuropsychiatric Illness. American Psychiatric Press. pp. 101--109.
  34.  18
    The Effects of an Irrelevant Intertrial Task on Pattern Discrimination in Rats with Hippocampal Damage.Gay B. Alexander, Belinda Broome & Larry W. Means - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (6):459-461.
  35.  13
    Neurally Dissociable Cognitive Components of Reading Deficits in Subacute Stroke.Olga Boukrina, A. M. Barrett, Edward J. Alexander, Bing Yao & William W. Graves - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  36. Locke, An Introduction.John W. Yolton & Peter Alexander - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (144):420-429.
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  37.  16
    John Dewey.Thomas Alexander & Richard W. Field - 2003 - In Philip B. Dematteis & Leemon B. McHenry (eds.), Dictionary of Literary Biography. Detroit, USA: Bruccoli-Clark. pp. 56-88.
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  38.  23
    Book Reviews Section 2.Donald Melcer, Frederick B. Davis, Dennis J. Hocevar, Francis J. Kelly, Joseph L. Braga, Verne Keenan, Joseph C. English, Douglas K. Stevenson, James C. Moore, Paul G. Liberty, Thebon Alexander, Jebe E. Brophy, Ronald M. Brown, W. D. Halls, Frederick M. Binder, Jacob L. Susskind, David B. Ripley, Martin Laforse, Bernard Spodek, V. Robert Agostino, R. Mclaren Sawyer, Joseph Kirschner, Franklin Parker & Hilary E. Bender - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (4):212-225.
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  39. The ten Commandments of Corporate Social Responsibility.L. Alexander & W. Matthews - 1984 - Business and Society Review 50 (Summer):62-66.
     
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  40.  7
    What is Phenomenology.Ian W. Alexander - 1970 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 1 (1):3-3.
  41.  16
    The Mystery of Being. I. Reflection and Mystery.Ian W. Alexander & Gabriel Marcel - 1952 - Philosophical Quarterly 2 (6):94.
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  42.  48
    New Books. [REVIEW]Isaiah Berlin, P. F. Strawson, R. Rhees, F. E. Sparshott, Michael Scriven, R. F. Holland, Jonathan Harrison, H. G. Alexander, C. A. Mace, J. L. Evans, D. A. Rees, W. Mays, C. K. Grant, Basil Mitchell & G. C. J. Midgley - 1952 - Mind 61 (243):405-439.
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  43.  6
    Maine de Biran, by Antoinette Drevet.Ian W. Alexander - 1971 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 2 (2):99-100.
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  44.  10
    Logique de la Philosophie.Ian W. Alexander & Eric Weil - 1954 - Philosophical Quarterly 4 (15):184.
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  45.  19
    No Title Available: PHILOSOPHY.Ian W. Alexander - 1962 - Philosophy 37 (142):369-371.
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  46.  5
    Maine de Biran and Phenomenology.Ian W. Alexander - 1970 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 1 (1):24-37.
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  47.  17
    Schopenhauer.Ian W. Alexander - 1964 - Philosophical Books 5 (2):14-16.
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  48.  13
    Introduction a Kierkegaard.Les Doctrines Existentialistes de Kierkegaard a J.-P. Sartre.Ian W. Alexander & Regis Jolivet - 1950 - Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):79.
  49.  6
    Ecrits Et Paroles: Vol. I.Bergson, Philosopher of Reflection.Harold A. Larrabee, Henri Bergson & Ian W. Alexander - 1959 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (3):419.
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  50.  20
    Jean Paul Sartre. Darstellung Und Kritik Seiner Philosophie.Ian W. Alexander & Hans Heinz Holz - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (13):369.
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