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  1.  3
    Confucian Freedom: Assessing the Debate.Robert A. Carleo - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):211-228.
    ABSTRACT What place does freedom have in Confucianism? We find a wide spectrum of views on the matter: some deny that Confucians value or even conceive of freedom, while others celebrate uniquely exalted forms of Confucian freedom. This paper examines the range of proposals, finding consensus among these diverse views in that all identify distinctive Confucian emphases on subjective affirmation of the good and the cultivation of desires and intentions to align with that good. The variation among views of Confucian (...)
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  2.  6
    Did Confucius Advise Zai Wo to Do What He Believed to Be Morally Wrong? Interpreting Analects 17.21.Mathew A. Foust - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):229-239.
    ABSTRACT It has recently been argued that in Analects 17.21, Confucius advises a disciple to do something that he, Confucius, believes to be morally wrong. According to Frederick Choo, despite believing that it is morally wrong to not properly observe the three-year mourning ritual for a deceased parent, Confucius tells Zai Wo that he should do so. Choo offers two justifications for Confucius’s doing this. In this essay, I argue that the justifications Choo offers for Confucius’s advising Zai Wo to (...)
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  3.  4
    Epistemic Detachment From Distinctions and Debates: An Investigation of Yiming in the ‘Qiwulun’ of the Zhuangzi.Fan He - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):240-253.
    ABSTRACT This article investigates a central yet perplexing term yiming in the ‘Qiwulun’ chapter of the Zhuangzi. Yiming describes a crucial way to detach from epistemic distinctions and debates. This term is often explained as ‘using ming’ or contradictorily as ‘stopping ming’. Yet neither of the two explanations can provide a full understanding of how yiming is adopted. I take three steps to explain yiming. First, taking an etymological approach, I argue that ming can be formulated as ‘X shining on (...)
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  4.  50
    An Abhidharmic Theory of Welfare.Javier Hidalgo - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):254-270.
    ABSTRACT Do Buddhist philosophical commitments support a particular theory of well-being? Most authors who have examined this question argue that Buddhist ideas are compatible with multiple theories of well-being. In this paper, I contend that one tradition of Buddhist philosophy—Abhidharma—does imply a specific theory of welfare. In particular, Abhidharma supports hedonism. Most Ābhidharmikas claim that only property-particulars called dharmas ultimately exist and I argue that an Abhidharmic theory of well-being should only refer to these properties. Yet the only dharmas that (...)
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  5.  3
    Confucian Freedom: Assessing the Debate.Robert A. Carleo Iii - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):211-228.
    What place does freedom have in Confucianism? We find a wide spectrum of views on the matter: some deny that Confucians value or even conceive of freedom, while others celebrate uniquely exalted fo...
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  6.  4
    Differences and Similarities Between the Later-Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Religion and the Islamic Mystical Tradition.Vahid Taebnia - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):271-287.
    ABSTRACT Despite all fundamental divergences, the similarities formed between some interpretations of the later-Wittgenstein’s philosophy of religion and the tradition of Islamic Mysticism, can yet be philosophically recognized. These basic analogies are as follows: 1) The inextricability of belief and practice and the priority of practice over knowledge 2) The characterization of the core religious beliefs as the primal ground of man’s perception and understanding, in contrast to the view that considers fundamental religious beliefs as theoretical conclusions derived from purely (...)
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  7.  3
    Zhuangzi’s Evaluation of Qing and its Relationship to Knowledge.Chiu Wai Wai - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):288-304.
    This paper articulates the relationship between knowledge and qing 情 in the Zhuangzi. I argue that Zhuangzi has a twofold view of qing, which is structurally similar to his view of knowledge. I sta...
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  8.  5
    The Butterfly Transformation and the Anamorphosis: A Posthumanist Reading of Gaze in Zhuang Zi and Jacques Lacan.Quan Wang - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):305-319.
    Zhuang Zi has a seminal influence on Jacques Lacan. Seeing enables an observer to penetrate into the nature of the examined thing so that he will have a potential mastery over the observed object....
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  9.  10
    Relational Autonomy: Where Confucius and Mencius Stand on Freedom.Lan Yu - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):320-335.
    I approach the person in the context of ren and li in dialogue with role ethics and the issue of autonomy. The hypotheses are as follows: first, even if the person...
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  10.  4
    Wang Yangming, Descartes, and the Sino-European Juncture of Enlightenment.Zemian Zheng - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):336-352.
    ABSTRACT Wang Yangming is the founder of Chinese Enlightenment in the Ming-Qing period, in a similar way Descartes is for the European. The European Enlightenment thinkers such as Leibniz and Voltaire had been inspired by China about the human being’s ethical independence at the collective level, namely, the ability of a community to lead an ethical life independent of God’s revelation. Meanwhile, the Enlightenment thinkers failed to notice the Chinese intellectual resources that encourage human being’s ethical independence at the individual (...)
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  11.  11
    Ancient Chinese Proofs for the Existence of Gods: The Case of Mohism.Gabriel Andrus - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (2):105-120.
    ABSTRACT Mohism has been called the most religious of all Chinese philosophies. Living up to that name, it developed unique proofs for the existence of the spiritual realm within a distinctly Chinese context. The Mozi uses testimonies from China’s mythic history to prove the existence of spirits. But beyond these cultural proofs, the Mozi also introduces a logical argument that is very similar to Pascal’s wager. Beyond these four explicit arguments, the Mozi also contains a fifth proof based on the (...)
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  12.  18
    Nāgārjuna and the Concept of Time.A. K. Jayesh - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (2):121-142.
    The paper focuses on Nāgārjuna, the founder of the middle way school of Mahāyāna Buddhism. It argues that while Nāgārjuna’s rejection of the notion of ontological independence is justified and corr...
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  13.  6
    Yunjidang’s Feminism and Gender Equality.Hye-Kyung Kim - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (2):143-159.
    ABSTRACT The received view is that Yunjidang’s feminist philosophy focuses on female sagehood, drawing on the theory of the equal human nature of women and men. I argue that there is much more to it than that, and that her views are anchored in and a development of Mengzi’s philosophy. She creatively interpreted and extended his philosophy, adopting the neo-Confucian metaphysics of the One and the Many. She argued not just for the potential but for the actual gender equality of (...)
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  14.  6
    Aesthetic Appreciation of Animals in China: A Vision Out of Western Aesthetics.Jieqiong Li - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (2):160-177.
    The aesthetic appreciation of animals in China is different from that in the West. In this paper, I identify these differences by tracing the various definitions of the word ‘animal’ in Chinese, an...
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  15.  7
    Vasubandhu, Reactive Attitudes, and Attentional Freedom.Aaron Schultz - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (2):178-194.
    This article aims to draw attention to the way in which a subset of reactive attitudes make us less free. Vasubandhu’s explanation of reactive attitudes shows us how they make us less free...
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  16.  4
    ‘Immanent Transcendence’: Toward a Genealogical Analysis of a Key Concept in the Philosophy of Mou Zongsan.Ady Van den Stock - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (2):195-209.
    The aim of this paper is to offer a new interpretation of the controversial concept of ‘immanent transcendence’ in the work of the Confucian philosopher Mou Zongsan 牟宗三 (1909–...
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  17.  4
    The Chinese Concept of Tolerance and the Epochal Spirit.Xunwu Chen - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (1):1-18.
    This essay explores the traditional Chinese philosophical insights into tolerance and demonstrates how those Chinese insights are consistent with and can be illuminating to our epochal spirit. It s...
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  18.  9
    Mindful Wisdom: The Path Integrating Memory, Judgment, and Attention.Marc-Henri Deroche - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (1):19-32.
    This paper discusses the Buddhist threefold model of wisdom which, on the basis of ethics, progresses from ‘study,’ to ‘reflection,’ to ‘cultivation,’ and argues that mindfulness plays a critical r...
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  19.  6
    Arthur Danto as a Zen Master: An Interpretation of Danto’s Philosophy of Art From a Zen Perspective.Peng Feng - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (1):33-47.
    Arthur Danto is one of the best Anglophone philosophers of art of the second half of the 20th century. His unique methodology of indiscernibility and provocative claim about the end of art have bee...
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  20.  3
    The Meanings of Zheng 正 in the Daoist Classics.Joshua Mason - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (1):48-63.
    This article offers an interpretation of the concept of ‘zheng 正’ as it appears in Daodejing and Zhuangzi. My aim is to reveal and develop the contributions that the Dao...
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  21.  5
    Chinese Philosophy of Life, Relational Ethics and the COVID-19 Pandemic.Jana S. Rošker - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (1):64-77.
    This paper investigates the relation between different models of ethics and their impact upon crises solution strategies. Here, it is important to consider knowledge and ethical theories from diffe...
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  22.  13
    Contrasting Tools of Thought: Chinese Correlations and Western Analogies.Travis Walker - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (1):78-87.
    Typical modes of reasoning in the Chinese tradition have often been described by Western thinkers as ‘correlative’ or ‘analogical’ in contrast with the supposedly rational, Western mode of reasonin...
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  23.  7
    ‘Confucianization of Law’ Revisited.Chi Zeng - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (1):88-103.
    The emphases of ritual, morality, and hierarchical relationships in imperial Chinese law are usually attributed to a process of “Confucianization of law” in Han dynasty. However, an interdisciplina...
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