Kalagatos

ISSNs: 1808-107X, 1984-9206

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  1.  11
    Human nature, equality and violence.Mehmet Şirin Çağmar - 2024 - Kalagatos 21 (1):24002-24002.
    This article discusses the effects of the political structures that emerged with the civilization process on human nature in Hobbes. Hobbes constructs the state of nature in an area where humans can live their nature completely freely. Although this situation creates a certain area of freedom for human nature, when it comes to social relations, this freedom endangers the lives of all people. As is known, Hobbes' solution on this issue is to build political structures such as states that will (...)
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  2.  4
    The Intellectual Transformation of Trần Đức Thảo.Nhu Nguyen & Chi Dang - 2024 - Kalagatos 21 (1).
    This article examines the intellectual transformation of Vietnamese philosopher Trần Đức Thảo (1917-1993), tracing his philosophical journey from an initial engagement with phenomenology, particularly Husserl’s methodologies, to a profound advocacy for dialectical materialism. Thảo’s work represents a critical dialogue with the philosophical currents of his time, challenging the dominant paradigms of phenomenology and existentialism through a Marxist lens. His critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, focusing on its internal contradictions and the transition towards a materialist conception of history and consciousness, underscores Thảo’s (...)
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  3.  4
    The Analyzing Human Existence Through Fyodor Dostoevsky’s literary contributions.Quynh Nguyen - 2024 - Kalagatos 21 (1).
    This study examines the existentialist perspectives within the works of Fyodor Dostoevsky, a pivotal 19th-century Russian literary and philosophical figure. Dostoevsky is celebrated for introducing existential themes to Russian literature, with his narratives deeply rooted in the human condition. His key works, such as “Notes from Underground,” “Crime and Punishment,” “The Idiot,” and “The Brothers Karamazov,” delve into the human psyche challenged by the societal norms of 19th-century Russia. This paper seeks to dissect Dostoevsky’s nuanced examination of self-discovery, the pursuit (...)
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  4.  4
    Critique of a necessitist argument by Timothy Williamson.Konrad Utz - 2024 - Kalagatos 21 (1):24007-24007.
    In ‘Modal Logic as Metaphysics’, Timothy Williamson presents an argument for necessitism based on the Converse Barcan Formula (CBF): $ν ◊A g ◊$ν A. By sub-stituting ‘‘Ø$y x=y’ for ‘A’ he arrives at: $x ◊Ø$y x=y. He claims that the antecedent formulates the contingentist view that something could have not existed; but the consequent is inconsistent. Williamson’s argument collapses once the ambiguity concerning the scope of the modal operator is removed: CBF does apply to $x ◊(Ø$y x=y)’, ‘something possibly has (...)
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  5.  4
    The Role of Language in the Development of Social Consciousness in Karl Marx’s Philosophy.Phuong Vo & Vo Van Dung - 2024 - Kalagatos 21 (1):24005-24005.
    The issue of social consciousness is an important content of Karl Marx's philosophy. Deeply understanding this issue is of great significance to the task of building a new social consciousness. On the basis of Karl Marx's philosophy, the role of language in the development of social consciousness is examined extensively. Marx not only considered language a tool of communication, but also a means of reflecting and influencing the relations of production and productive forces in society. Language not only reflects social (...)
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  6.  4
    Demystifying Rousseau’s “savages”: methodological structure and heuristic function.Leonardo Oliveira Moreira - 2024 - Kalagatos 20 (3):23074-23074.
    There is a whole tradition of studies that has superimposed a mythical structure on the concepts of the “savage” in the pure state of nature, and of the American peoples who are also called “savages”: the myth of the “good savage”, the golden age, the terrestrial paradise, etc. Despite the efforts made by other authors to dispel this interpretation, it has not been shown that it jeopardises the central thesis of Rousseau’s anthropology: the defence of natural goodness. We are interested (...)
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