36 found

Year:

  1.  15
    What is Naturalism?Louise Antony - 2020 - Think 19 (56):21-33.
    Louise Antony explains a variety of naturalisms, and why she doesn't believe in God.Export citation.
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  2. Naturalism and Materialism.Peter Atkins - 2020 - Think 19 (56):121-132.
    This article explores the nature and intellectual argument for naturalism and its dependent attitude, materialism. It touches on some of the alternatives but argues that they are inferior approaches to the manner in which knowledge and understanding are obtained. It extends the argument by touching on two subsidiary questions: the role of mathematics in describing the world and the origin of the laws of Nature.Export citation.
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  3.  16
    Some Reflections on Naturalism.Simon Blackburn - 2020 - Think 19 (56):75-84.
    In this article I argue that we do not need a strict definition of naturalism, but can satisfactorily describe the naturalistic stance or attitude in terms of hostility to seeing human beings as subject to powers or forces or laws of nature that go beyond those governing the rest of the empirical world. We are to be explained as the evolutionary products of natural processes. I argue that we should see our concepts as well in this light, and explore some (...)
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  4.  73
    Naturalisms.Amanda Bryant - 2020 - Think 19 (56):35-50.
    The word ‘naturalism’ has a bewildering array of uses in philosophy. Roughly speaking, it connotes pro-scientific attitudes and approaches. This article introduces the subject of naturalism by sketching a history of pro-scientific attitudes and approaches in philosophy, from their origins in the early modern period through to the present day. It then distinguishes a number of distinct families of naturalism: metaphysical, logico-linguistic, epistemological, and methodological. The resulting taxonomy encompasses a plurality of loosely related views rather than a number of variations (...)
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  5.  3
    True Naturalism, Goodness, and God.Fiona Ellis - 2020 - Think 19 (56):109-120.
    I defend a form of naturalism which has much in common with Iris Murdoch's ‘true naturalism’, but I argue that it can accommodate God. I consider what it could mean for naturalism to be theistic in this sense, and respond to the charge that it leaves no room for the transcendent.Export citation.
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  6.  5
    Naturalism Versus Theism is a False Dilemma.Stephen Law - 2020 - Think 19 (56):103-107.
    This article argues that it is a mistake to assume that atheism entails naturalism, that naturalism is what leads someone to embrace atheism, and that atheists must sign up to a ‘naturalistic world-view’.Export citation.
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  7. Introduction.Stephen Law - 2020 - Think 19 (56):5-5.
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  8. Naturalism and Theism.John C. Lennox - 2020 - Think 19 (56):89-101.
    This article makes a case for theism by comparing it to naturalism. It examines the conflict between the two world-views, the nature of ultimate reality, the limits of science, the status of the universe, the role of faith in shaping beliefs, and how we account for human rationality. It concludes that naturalism is fatally flawed and that theism provides a more coherent explanation for human rationality and consciousness, the intelligibility of the universe and the existence of immaterial information.Export citation.
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  9.  35
    Naturalism.Graham Oppy - 2020 - Think 19 (56):7-20.
    I offer a minimal characterization of naturalism, with ontological, epistemological, psychological and evaluative dimensions. I explain why naturalism is attractive. I note that naturalists disagree among themselves about, among other things, the nature of values, beliefs, and abstractions. I close by responding to some standard objections to naturalism.Export citation.
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  10. Theism, Naturalism, and Invisible Gardeners.Randal D. Rauser - 2020 - Think 19 (56):51-58.
    In this article, I consider the famous Invisible Gardener Parable which aims to show that theism is not a viable theory because it can be endlessly amended to accommodate for prima facie disconfirming data. I point out that the parable fails to consider how tolerance for theory adjustment is relative to the perceived explanatory power of the theory. I also point out that naturalism is no less subject to adaptation than is theism. Thus, if endless adaptability constitutes an objection for (...)
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  11.  3
    Scientism Versus the Theory of Mind.Alex Rosenberg - 2020 - Think 19 (56):59-73.
    Many philosophers call themselves ‘naturalists’ because they believe theism is incompatible with science. However, many also hold that science is compatible with many other theistic beliefs about morality, free will, the mind, and the meaning of life. Those naturalists who reject these other beliefs need a different label for their view. This article recommends the term ‘scientism’.Export citation.
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  12.  2
    Naturalism.Keith Ward - 2020 - Think 19 (56):85-88.
    My argument is that naturalism is too restricted and dogmatic an account of the many different sorts of entities and explanations that we employ in trying to understand our world. It is a faith rather than a mode of inquiry.Export citation.
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  13.  19
    Sex and Sexual Assault in the #Metoo Era.Benjamin H. Arbour - 2020 - Think 19 (55):33-53.
    In a philosophical dialogue, Thomas the traditionalist, Harvey the hedonist, and Eric the economist each discuss their respective views concerning the ethics of human sex acts. In the course of their conversation, it becomes clear that if sex is to be treated like any other pleasure, it is very difficult to explain what is so bad about rape and/or other forms of sexual assault. Taking any kind of sexual assault to be bad, therefore, requires adopting a more traditional view towards (...)
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  14.  8
    Dreams of Utopia: On the Absence of Place.Julian Baggini - 2020 - Think 19 (55):23-32.
    ABSTRACTAny philosophy which aspires to universality is caught in a perennial tension: the attempt to transcend the particularities of the individual thinker and her time and place can only be made by specific individuals in specific times and places. Anglophone philosophy deals with this tension by ignoring it.
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  15.  10
    If We Should Not Eat Meat on Grounds of Climate Change, Should We Have Children?Adrian Brockless - 2020 - Think 19 (55):55-63.
    The aim of this article is not to make any arguments that oppose veganism or having children or, in any way, to denigrate those who make them. Rather, the intention is twofold: To attack the inconsistency of those who make arguments for veganism in relation to climate change and the natural world, but who omit to make arguments against having children and the problem of rapidly increasing global population on the same grounds. To attack a form of sanctimony which manifests (...)
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  16.  5
    Hume, Kant, and Feuerbach: Why the Anthropomorphic Critique Reveals a False Dilemma Between Naturalistic Atheism and Anti-Naturalistic Theism - Erratum.Chris Byron & Jesse Lopes - 2020 - Think 19 (55):139-139.
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  17.  9
    Truth and the Goldilocks Principle.John Capps - 2020 - Think 19 (55):65-74.
    Theories of truth are designed to help us understand this fundamental philosophical concept. But some theories of truth do too little while others do too much. Some theories omit important aspects of truth while other theories place limits on what's true and what we can know. Because theories that do too much can have significant drawbacks I propose what I call the Goldilocks Principle. Theories of truth should not do too much or too little but aim to be just right.
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  18.  9
    Mixed Emotions in Life and Art: On Hume's Direct Passions.Angela M. Coventry - 2020 - Think 19 (55):75-83.
    This article is about David Hume's account of mixed emotions. Hume on mixed emotions is connected with Sir Isaac Newton's optical experiments and subsequent invention of the colour wheel, as well as more recently to Robert Plutchik's colour wheel of emotions.
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  19.  7
    The Empathy Machine: A Thought Experiment.Douglas Groothuis - 2020 - Think 19 (55):85-94.
    ABSTRACTEmpathy is an underexplored dimension of the moral life. What if we could enter a machine that let us feel another person's subjective life? What kind of effect would that have on our moral awareness? Since this cannot be done, I suggest several ways to increase empathy and deepen our moral sensitivities.
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  20.  5
    Buddha and Hard Eliminativism.O'Ryan Heideman - 2020 - Think 19 (55):95-109.
    An appropriate description for the Buddha's philosophy of persons within the frame of materialist philosophy of mind, prima facie, would understandably be a kind of reductionism, given that the Buddha reduced the self to nothing but a collection of impersonal and impermanent psychophysical elements. In this article, I argue that this view is only appropriate for understanding the self within conventional reality, as is the term used by Buddhists, and does not tackle the other half, namely, ultimate reality. I claim (...)
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  21.  39
    Philosonnets.Stephen Kearns - 2020 - Think 19 (55):111-117.
    Ten philosophical sonnets.Export citation.
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  22.  8
    Introduction.Stephen Law - 2020 - Think 19 (55):5-9.
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  23.  5
    Words and Meanings: Locke's and Lewis Carroll's Views on the Nature of Meaning Converge and Diverge.Terrence Moore - 2020 - Think 19 (55):119-133.
    ABSTRACTA comparison of Lewis Carroll and philosopher John Locke on meaning.
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  24.  37
    Ontological Arguments.Graham Oppy - 2020 - Think 19 (55):11-21.
    This is a short introduction to ontological arguments. It begins with a brief characterization of ontological arguments that proceeds mainly by way of example. The rest of the discussion is given over to consideration of what looks like a very simple ontological argument. This consideration turns up many of the issues that arise when more complex ontological arguments are examined.
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  25.  6
    Polo Mints: Gateway to Existential Enlightenment – Philosophy of Ordinary Things.Anton Sukhoverkhov & Mark Pharoah - 2020 - Think 19 (55):135-138.
    Thirty-eight million Polo Mints are consumed every day, apparently without a second thought. However, could this humble little minty fella actually be the gateway to true knowledge about life, the Universe and everything? We have drawn on the inspiration of Sartre, the Dalai Lama, Tao Ti Ching, Heidegger and Mahayana Buddhism to find five reasons why the Polo Mint's inner emptiness, with its sweet minty after taste, can lead to contemplations of the ultimate truth.
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  26.  11
    Hume, Kant, and Feuerbach: Why the Anthropomorphic Critique Reveals a False Dilemma Between Naturalistic Atheism and Anti-Naturalistic Theism.Chris Byron & Jesse Lopes - 2020 - Think 19 (54):55-67.
    In current debates concerning atheism, two positions are considered possible: naturalistic atheism or anti-naturalistic theism. Anti-naturalistic theism is motivated by the failure of naturalism to explain the fundamental nature of reality. We, however, endorse anti-naturalistic atheism by reviving the ‘anthropomorphic critique’, arguing that theism misattributes human traits to the deity. Anti-naturalistic atheism is better suited to refute theists, since it undercuts their appeal to science's inadequacies. We trace the anthropomorphic critique from Hume's Dialogues, through Kant's epistemology, and conclude with its (...)
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  27.  2
    Hume, Kant, and Feuerbach: Why the Anthropomorphic Critique Reveals a False Dilemma Between Naturalistic Atheism and Anti-Naturalistic Theism.Christopher Byron & Jesse Lopes - 2020 - Think 19 (54):55-67.
    In current debates concerning atheism, two positions are considered possible: naturalistic atheism or anti-naturalistic theism. Anti-naturalistic theism is motivated by the failure of naturalism to explain the fundamental nature of reality. We, however, endorse anti-naturalistic atheism by reviving the ‘anthropomorphic critique’, arguing that theism misattributes human traits to the deity. Anti-naturalistic atheism is better suited to refute theists, since it undercuts their appeal to science's inadequacies. We trace the anthropomorphic critique from Hume's Dialogues, through Kant's epistemology, and conclude with its (...)
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  28. Day Shift God, Night Shift God.Marc Champagne - 2020 - Think 19 (54):81-88.
    It is usually thought that only one being can be all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-loving. Challenging this monotheist conviction, I propose a universe ruled by two deities: ‘day shift God’ oversees the events that occur while the sun is up, whereas ‘night shift God’ oversees the events that occur while the sun is down. I survey objections to this proposal and conclude that the real obstacle is not an argument, but an aesthetic preference.
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  29.  24
    On Underestimating Us.Jane Heal - 2020 - Think 19 (54):9-20.
    Human beings are social animals. A solitary life would be horrible for most of us. What makes life worthwhile is being with others and engaging in shared projects with them. To do justice to these facts, philosophers need to pay more attention to the first-person plural, we/us, and to rethink their accounts of value and virtue.
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  30.  2
    Truth, Knowledge, and Religious Belief.John Hendry - 2020 - Think 19 (54):69-80.
    Religious beliefs are often criticized as lacking the rational justification we expect of factual knowledge claims. In this article I suggest that while religious believers do often claim ‘knowledge’ of the ‘truth’ they typically use these words in traditional, and indeed still current, senses that are quite different from the senses assumed both by their atheist critics and by standard theories of knowledge. The claims are not primarily claims of factual accuracy, subject to the norms of what philosophers call theoretical (...)
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  31.  16
    In Defence of Spanking.Timothy Hsiao - 2020 - Think 19 (54):49-54.
    Opponents of spanking rest their arguments on the implicit assumption that punishment can only be justified by its corrective or deterrent effects. But this is a questionable assumption. Punishment is fundamentally about retribution: it seeks to give a wrongdoer what he deserves. It is for this reason that corporal punishment is morally permissible, irrespective of whether it corrects or deters future misbehaviour.
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  32.  13
    The Good Place and Ted Sider's Puzzle.Jeremiah Joven B. Joaquin & Hazel T. Biana - 2020 - Think 19 (54):25-29.
    The hit American TV show The Good Place has garnered quite a following in recent years. Its main premise implies a scorekeeping view of the afterlife. People who have collected enough credits in their earthly lives will make the cut and go to the Good Place, while those who do not will be banished to the Bad Place. We suggest that such a premise would have to come to terms with Ted Sider's puzzle about the compatibility of a binary afterlife (...)
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  33.  3
    Professional Ethics and a Call for Philosophical Literacy.Andrew Knight - 2020 - Think 19 (54):37-47.
    It could be argued that there is now a crisis of confidence in the professions. Although many professionals individually undertake their roles with care and diligence, there have been so many systematic failures involving professionals across a range of sectors, both in the UK and globally, that the special status enjoyed by the professions is being widely questioned. In this article, I argue that recent cases are symptomatic of a lack of ethical reasoning in professional practice, yet professions enjoy an (...)
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  34.  8
    Introduction: Should I Believe in God?Stephen Law - 2020 - Think 19 (54):5-7.
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  35.  15
    A More Devastating Version of the Raven Paradox.Erdinç Sayan - 2020 - Think 19 (54):21-24.
    Hempel's famous Raven Paradox derives from Nicod's criteria for confirmation and the Equivalence Condition, the unintuitive conclusion that things like white roses, green T-shirts and ice cubes confirm the raven hypothesis ‘All ravens are black.’ By a small rearrangement of the Equivalence Condition, I show that we can also derive the conclusion, which sounds even more intuitively intolerable, that observation of black ravens fails to confirm the raven hypothesis. We are left with the contradictory result that black ravens both confirm (...)
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  36.  15
    Qualia Ain't Out Here Either.Christopher Searle - 2020 - Think 19 (54):31-35.
    What follows is a short thought experiment that aims to show, reductio ad absurdum, that narrow qualia internalism is probably inconsistent with a physicalist/functionalist theory of mind. Those wishing to rebut the argument presented here will need to demonstrate why spatial proximity and the right sort of causal connection of functionally isolated components are necessary to the instantiation of qualia.
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