Year:

  1. Value in Very Long Lives.Preston Greene - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4):416-434.
    _ Source: _Page Count 19 As things currently stand, our deaths are unavoidable and our lifespans short. It might be thought that these qualities leave room for improvement. According to a prominent line of argument in philosophy, however, this thought is mistaken. Against the idea that a longer life would be better, it is claimed that negative psychological states, such as boredom, would be unavoidable if our lives were significantly longer. Against the idea that a deathless life would be better, (...)
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  2.  5
    Value in Very Long Lives.Preston Greene - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4).
    _ Source: _Page Count 19 As things currently stand, our deaths are unavoidable and our lifespans short. It might be thought that these qualities leave room for improvement. According to a prominent line of argument in philosophy, however, this thought is mistaken. Against the idea that a longer life would be better, it is claimed that negative psychological states, such as boredom, would be unavoidable if our lives were significantly longer. Against the idea that a deathless life would be better, (...)
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  3.  15
    Climate Ethics: Justifying a Positive Social Time Preference.Joseph Heath - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4).
    _ Source: _Page Count 28 Recent debates over climate change policy have made it clear that the choice of a social discount rate has enormous consequences for the amount of mitigation that will be recommended. The social discount rate determines how future costs are to be compared to present costs. Philosophers, however, have been almost unanimous in endorsing the view that the only acceptable social rate of time preference is zero, a view that, taken literally, has either absurd or extremely (...)
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  4.  4
    Climate Ethics: Justifying a Positive Social Time Preference.Joseph Heath - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4):435-462.
    _ Source: _Page Count 28 Recent debates over climate change policy have made it clear that the choice of a social discount rate has enormous consequences for the amount of mitigation that will be recommended. The social discount rate determines how future costs are to be compared to present costs. Philosophers, however, have been almost unanimous in endorsing the view that the only acceptable social rate of time preference is zero, a view that, taken literally, has either absurd or extremely (...)
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  5.  6
    What Kind of Is-Ought Gap is There and What Kind Ought There Be?P. D. Magnus & Mandle Jon - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4).
    _ Source: _Page Count 21 Some philosophers think that there is a gap between is and ought which necessarily makes normative enquiry a different kind of thing than empirical science. This position gains support from our ability to explicate our inferential practices in a way that makes it impermissible to move from descriptive premises to a normative conclusion. But we can also explicate them in a way that allows such moves. So there is no categorical answer as to whether there (...)
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  6.  2
    What Kind of Is-Ought Gap is There and What Kind Ought There Be?P. D. Magnus & Jon Mandle - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4):373-393.
    _ Source: _Page Count 21 Some philosophers think that there is a gap between is and ought which necessarily makes normative enquiry a different kind of thing than empirical science. This position gains support from our ability to explicate our inferential practices in a way that makes it impermissible to move from descriptive premises to a normative conclusion. But we can also explicate them in a way that allows such moves. So there is no categorical answer as to whether there (...)
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  7.  1
    The Significance of Habit.Matthews Steve - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4):394-415.
    _ Source: _Page Count 22 Analysis of the concept of habit has been relatively neglected in the contemporary analytic literature. This paper is an attempt to rectify this lack. The strategy begins with a description of some paradigm cases of habit which are used to derive five features as the basis for an explicative definition. It is argued that habits are social, acquired through repetition, enduring, environmentally activated, and automatic. The enduring nature of habits is captured by their being dispositions (...)
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  8.  4
    Unlocking Morality From Criminal Law.Thom Brooks - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):339-352.
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  9.  4
    Lecture on Ethics, Edited by Edoardo Zamuner, Ermelinda Valentina Di Lascio, and D.K. Levy.De Mesel Benjamin - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):353-356.
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  10.  17
    Seat Belt Mandates and Paternalism.Jessica Flanigan - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3).
    _ Source: _Page Count 24 Seat belt mandates seem like a paradigmatic case of justified paternalism. Even those who generally object to paternalism often concede that seat belt laws are justified. Against this near-consensus in favor of mandates, I argue that seat belt laws are unjust and public officials should not enforce them. The most plausible exceptions to a principle of anti-paternalism do not justify seat belt mandates. Some argue that seat belt mandates are not paternalistic because unbelted riders are (...)
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  11.  2
    Fortune and Fairness in Global Economic Life.Aaron James - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3).
    _ Source: _Page Count 21 This paper develops John Rawls’s famous objection to the system of natural liberty as against the contemporary system of international trade. Even as “dynamic” policies have proven successful in several recent development success stories, the current system enforces a “static,” laissez-faire system of comparative advantage that threatens to consign poorly-endowed countries to a low-productivity, low-income destiny in agriculture and raw materials. I discuss two very different fairness arguments in favor of allowing and encouraging “dynamic,” pro-development (...)
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  12.  3
    Rethinking Virtue Ethics, Written by Michael Winter.Lawrence J. Jost - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):368-371.
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  13.  15
    The Significance of Habit.Steve Matthews - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3).
    _ Source: _Page Count 22 Analysis of the concept of habit has been relatively neglected in the contemporary analytic literature. This paper is an attempt to rectify this lack. The strategy begins with a description of some paradigm cases of habit which are used to derive five features as the basis for an explicative definition. It is argued that habits are social, acquired through repetition, enduring, environmentally activated, and automatic. The enduring nature of habits is captured by their being dispositions (...)
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  14.  12
    Fair Trade: What Does It Mean and Why Does It Matter?David Miller - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3).
    _ Source: _Page Count 21 The paper begins by locating the issue of trade within the broader literature on international and global justice. It then sets out eight different conceptions of ‘fair trade’, and examines the principles that lie behind them. They fall into three broad categories: _procedural fairness_ accounts, which apply principles of equal treatment to the international rules under which trade takes place; _producers’ entitlement_ accounts, which claim that trade must be structured so that all participants are safeguarded (...)
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  15.  6
    Fair Trade: What Does It Mean and Why Does It Matter?David Miller - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):249-269.
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  16.  2
    Terrorism: A Philosophical Investigation, Written by Igor Primoratz.Eric Reitan - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):357-360.
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  17.  6
    Ignorance and Moral Obligation, Written by Michael J. Zimmerman. [REVIEW]Jonathan Spelman - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):364-367.
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  18.  7
    Responsibility and the Demands of Morality.Stephen J. White - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3).
    _ Source: _Page Count 24 Is it a good objection to a moral theory that it demands a great deal of individual agents? I argue that if we interpret the question to be about the potential welfare costs associated with our moral obligations, the answer must be “no.” However, the demands a moral theory makes can also be measured in terms of what it requires us to take responsibility for. I argue that this is distinct from what we may be (...)
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  19. Kant on Emotion and Value, Edited by Alix Cohen.Williamson Diane - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (3):361-363.
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  20.  8
    Bootstrapping the Afterlife.Roman Altshuler - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2).
    _ Source: _Page Count 16 Samuel Scheffler defends “The Afterlife Conjecture”: the view that the continued existence of humanity after our deaths— “the afterlife”—lies in the background of our valuing; were we to lose confidence in it, many of the projects we engage in would lose their meaning. The Afterlife Conjecture, in his view, also brings out the limits of our egoism, showing that we care more about yet unborn strangers than about personal survival. But why does the afterlife itself (...)
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  21.  11
    Bootstrapping the Afterlife.Roman Altshuler - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):201-216.
    _ Source: _Page Count 16 Samuel Scheffler defends “The Afterlife Conjecture”: the view that the continued existence of humanity after our deaths— “the afterlife”—lies in the background of our valuing; were we to lose confidence in it, many of the projects we engage in would lose their meaning. The Afterlife Conjecture, in his view, also brings out the limits of our egoism, showing that we care more about yet unborn strangers than about personal survival. But why does the afterlife itself (...)
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  22.  6
    The Limits of Kindness, Written by Caspar Hare.David Boonin - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):244-247.
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  23.  4
    Modern Honor: A Philosophical Defense, Written by Anthony Cunningham. [REVIEW]Dan Demetriou - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):221-224.
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  24.  14
    Self-Defence Against Multiple Threats.Kerah Gordon-Solmon - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2).
    _ Source: _Page Count 9 If a threat is liable to be defensively killed, there is a defeasible justification for killing her. On certain prevailing assumptions about liability, which I accept, there are liability justifications for killing _any number_ of minimally responsible threats, each of whom would otherwise kill a single non-responsible victim. Absent harms to third parties, these justifications appear, counter-intuitively, to be undefeated. I argue that this counter-intuitive appearance is deceptive.
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  25.  14
    Self-Defence Against Multiple Threats.Kerah Gordon-Solmon - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):125-133.
    _ Source: _Page Count 9 If a threat is liable to be defensively killed, there is a defeasible justification for killing her. On certain prevailing assumptions about liability, which I accept, there are liability justifications for killing _any number_ of minimally responsible threats, each of whom would otherwise kill a single non-responsible victim. Absent harms to third parties, these justifications appear, counter-intuitively, to be undefeated. I argue that this counter-intuitive appearance is deceptive.
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  26.  6
    Political Liberalism and Political Community.R. J. Leland & Han van Wietmarschen - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2).
    _ Source: _Page Count 26 We provide a justification for political liberalism’s Reciprocity Principle, which states that political decisions must be justified exclusively on the basis of considerations that all reasonable citizens can reasonably be expected to accept. The standard argument for the Reciprocity Principle grounds it in a requirement of respect for persons. We argue for a different, but compatible, justification: the Reciprocity Principle is justified because it makes possible a desirable kind of political community. The general endorsement of (...)
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  27.  5
    Political Liberalism and Political Community.R. J. Leland & Han van Wietmarschen - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):142-167.
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  28.  2
    Some Varieties of Humility Worth Wanting.Nadelhoffer Thomas, Echols Matthew, Venezia Kelly, Wright Jennifer Cole & Perini Tyler - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):168-200.
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  29.  3
    Character as Moral Fiction, Written by Mark Alfano.Pettigrove Glen - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):233-236.
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  30. A Defense of Dignity: Creating Life, Destroying Life, and Protecting the Rights of Conscience, Written by Christopher Kaczor.Bernard G. Prusak - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):237-239.
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  31.  6
    Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them, Written by Joshua D. Greene.Simon Rosenqvist - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):225-228.
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  32. Consequentialism and Environmental Ethics, Edited by Avram Hiller, Ramona Ilea and Leonard Kahn.Piers H. G. Stephens - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):240-243.
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  33.  3
    Moral Realism, Written by Kevin DeLapp. [REVIEW]Caj Strandberg - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):217-220.
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  34.  40
    Playing Fair and Following the Rules.Justin Tosi - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):134-141.
    In his paper “Fairness, Political Obligation, and the Justificatory Gap” (published in the Journal of Moral Philosophy), Jiafeng Zhu argues that the principle of fair play cannot require submission to the rules of a cooperative scheme, and that when such submission is required, the requirement is grounded in consent. I propose a better argument for the claim that fair play requires submission to the rules than the one Zhu considers. I also argue that Zhu’s attribution of consent to people commonly (...)
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  35.  1
    Virtues and Their Vices, Edited by Kevin Timpe and Craig A. Boyd.Ryan West - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (2):229-232.
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  36.  3
    Some Varieties of Humility Worth Wanting.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Jennifer Cole Wright, Matthew Echols, Tyler Perini & Kelly Venezia - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (1).
    _ Source: _Page Count 32 In this paper we first set the stage with a brief overview of the tangled history of humility in theology and philosophy—beginning with its treatment in the Bible and ending with the more recent work that has been done in contemporary philosophy. Our two-fold goal at this early stage of the paper is to explore some of the different accounts of humility that have traditionally been developed and highlight some of the key debates in the (...)
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  37.  9
    Replaceable Lawyers and Guilty Defendants.Brian Talbot - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (1):23-47.
    _ Source: _Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 23 - 47 Many criminal lawyers should expect that, were they to not defend a certain client, someone no less capable would do so. It is morally wrong for such attorneys to defend defendants who should be punished. This is true even if we grant that the defendant’s right to be defended outweighs any rights that might be infringed by the defense and that the benefits of defending are greater than the harm. Nor (...)
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  38.  10
    Replaceable Lawyers and Guilty Defendants.Brian Talbot - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (1):23-47.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 Many criminal lawyers should expect that, were they to not defend a certain client, someone no less capable would do so. It is morally wrong for such attorneys to defend defendants who should be punished. This is true even if we grant that the defendant’s right to be defended outweighs any rights that might be infringed by the defense and that the benefits of defending are greater than the harm. Nor does this argument depend on (...)
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