19 found

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  1. A Libertanian Critique of Incest Laws: Philosophical and Anthropological Perspectives.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):139-148.
    This article is a libertarian critique of incest laws. On the basis of the libertarian “harm principle”, one must ask what exactly is the harm that incest brings forth. Traditionally, anthropologists have tried to rationalize the incest taboo in various theories, and lawmakers have used these principles as grounds for the criminalization of incest. These principles are the preservation of family structure, the enhancement of alliances and the avoidance of genetic risks. While I acknowledge that these rationalizations are plausible, I (...)
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  2.  1
    American Slave Narratives as Autoethnographic Paradigm.Paul Richard Blum - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):236-245.
    Ever since the publication of the Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass in 1845, autobiographical testimonies were a mainstay of the abolition movement in the United States. Being or having been held as slaves and all the attendant injury is the very theme of the documents in question, which are testimonies, rather than theoretical works, because the authors maintained the first-person point of view. Since autoethnography aims at overcoming the preset mentality of the researcher in order to gain insight (...)
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  3. ‘Baby Factories’ Versus the Objectification of Surrogacy Cum Child Adoption in Nigeria.Chika Eze & Al Chukwuma Okoli - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):212-222.
    This paper examines the phenomenon of ‘baby factories’ as an abusive pattern of surrogacy and child adoption practices in Nigeria. Relying on a mixed qualitative approach that draws on extant literature and field-based personal insights, the paper posits that the economic, socio-cultural and psycho-emotional value of bearing and having a child, as well as the tacit disapproval of adoptive parenting by some cultures in Nigeria, have driven childless couples and adults into seeking child adoption through illicit and unconventional paths, such (...)
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  4. Anti-Theodicies – An Adornian Approach.Hanna-Maija Huhtala - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):223-235.
    The question of why bad things happen has puzzled individuals over generations and across different cultures. The most popular approach is to turn the issue into a question about God: Why does he allow bad things that lead to the suffering of often innocent bystanders? Some have drawn conclusions that there can be no God. These attempts that seek to find meaning in suffering are called theodicies. Thus, theodicies promise that the torment of the innocent is not in vain. In (...)
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  5. Happiness as an Aim of Education.Nikola Kallová - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):165-174.
    This paper explores happiness as an aim of education, particularly schooling. What role does happiness play in philosophy of education? How do critics view the aims of public schooling today and its relation to happiness? Is happiness embedded in the concept of education as an aim of education? The paper explores happiness—understood inclusively as a positive mental state—by examining the relevant literature from various disciplines. It looks briefly at critical views of current trends in public school practice and concludes that (...)
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  6. To Study or Not to Study Abroad? Students’ Decision in Perspective of Motivations, Barriers and Attachment.Barbora Kasalová, Martin Seitl, Klára Seitlová & Filip Sulejmanov - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):175-193.
    The aim of this study is to explore the antecedents of studying abroad. First, we explore motivations for and barriers against studying abroad in two groups of students. Second, differences in attachment dimensions and styles are examined in both groups. A deductive thematic analysis supported the thematic structure identified by Krzaklewska in regard to motivations. Furthermore, five barriers were identified using inductive thematic analysis. Although the same motivational and barrier themes were found in both groups, there were some notable qualitative (...)
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  7. A Moral Analysis of Intelligent Decision-Support Systems in Diagnostics Through the Lens of Luciano Floridi’s Information Ethics.Dmytro Mykhailov - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):149-164.
    Contemporary medical diagnostics has a dynamic moral landscape, which includes a variety of agents, factors, and components. A significant part of this landscape is composed of information technologies that play a vital role in doctors’ decision-making. This paper focuses on the so-called Intelligent Decision-Support System that is widely implemented in the domain of contemporary medical diagnosis. The purpose of this article is twofold. First, I will show that the IDSS may be considered a moral agent in the practice of medicine (...)
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  8. Coworking with Roma: Exploration of Slovak Majority’s Cooperation Intention Using Content Analyses and Networks of Free Association.Lenka Nôtová, Miroslav Popper, Branislav Uhrecký & Juraj Petrík - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (2):194-211.
    This study, theoretically based on integrated threat and image theory, explored the mental constructs produced by the Slovak majority in relation to cooperation with the Roma minority and differences in thinking about different Roma demographic groups. In Slovakia, prejudice towards Roma people is a long-standing phenomenon. In this study there were 228 participants, mostly young adults, who produced 22 categories of associations, explored using content and network analyses. The frequency of category associations in the first and second research group was (...)
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  9. Consensus and Majoritarian Democracies: Problems with Under-Informed Single-Level Analyses.Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):109-124.
    I argue that when conceiving or assessing normative ideas about how we should organize society into the kind of ecosystem we desire, it is unwise to completely ignore empirical conditions. I also demonstrate that when evaluating empirical difficulties attending a social system, it is also unwise to do so in total oblivion to the normative idea or objective informing the establishment of such a system. Each of these assessments I call an under informed single-level analysis. By contrast I advocate a (...)
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  10. Ethical Aspects of Dying and Death in Clinical Practice in Anaesthesiology and Intensive Medicine Departments.Marián Bednár & Jozef Firment - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):89-98.
    In clinical practice, modern medicine, especially intensive medicine, has made outstanding technological progress that has changed diagnostic and therapeutic paradigms. Nowadays, some patients for whom there were no treatments in the past not only survive but return to active life thanks to intensive medicine. However, in some cases intensive care will not help patients in a critical condition and merely prolong death. In such situations, the treatment is terminated or not extended, and the patient is allowed to die in dignity. (...)
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  11.  2
    The Future of Humanity.Promise Frank Ejiofor - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):6-20.
    With the recent advancements in scientific comprehension of genetics and the decipherment of complex techniques for editing human genomes, liberal eugenics—eugenic ideal premised on the liberal values of autonomy and pluralism that leaves reproductive choices to parents rather than anachronistic statist authoritarian interventions—has inevitably become a polarising conundrum in contemporary liberal societies as to its utility and destructiveness. Focusing on one species of liberal eugenics—namely, genome editing interventions—I contend that liberal eugenics could be harmful—harm herein construed as that which undermines (...)
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  12.  3
    The Commodification of Personality: Human Enhancement and Market Society.Leandro Gaitán - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):40-45.
    In a future highly technological society it will be possible to modify the personality using different kinds of technological tools. Consequently, we could become buyers and consumers of personality. As such, personality, which is a core aspect of the self, could turn into a commodity. This article intends to address the following questions: 1) How can new technologies modify personality? 2) Why might personality become a commodity? 3) What is wrong with turning personality into commodity?
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  13. Attitudes of Students at the Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies Toward Plagiarism.Lucie Herbočková & Josef Smolík - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):46-58.
    This study aims to identify student attitudes to and perceptions of the topical phenomenon of plagiarism at the Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies at Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic. The paper includes a theoretical framework describing plagiarism, academic ethics and provides a different perspective on plagiarism by many authors. Furthermore, the article presents a semi-structured questionnaire conducted in July 2018 with a sample of 235 respondents. The questionnaire was used in this research to explore students’ personal experiences, (...)
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  14.  4
    The Key to the Solution of the World Crisis We Face.Nicholas Maxwell - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):21-39.
    Humanity faces two fundamental problems of learning: learning about the universe, and learning to become civilized. We have solved the first problem, but not the second one, and that puts us in a situation of great danger. Almost all of our global problems have arisen as a result. It has become a matter of extreme urgency to solve the second problem. The key to this is to learn from our solution to the first problem how to solve the second one. (...)
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  15.  1
    Homeschooling Mothers: Precarious by Choice?Marta Mccabe, Yvona Kostelecká, Andrea Beláňová & Kateřina Machovcová - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):73-88.
    This article presents the findings of a study on homeschooling in Czechia. It focuses on the gender aspects of this uncommon educational decision. Based on forty-three individual interviews with homeschooling parents, the article’s unifying thread is interest in understanding how mothers are involved in the decision to homeschool, and how the practice is embedded in gendered relationships within the society. We explore the results from two perspectives. First, we consider how the choice to homeschool lies simultaneously in embracing and opposing (...)
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  16. Collective Subjects and Political Mobilization in the Public Space: Towards a Multitude Capable of Generating Transformative Practices.Cristian López Raventós & Simone Belli - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):59-72.
    During the last twenty years in Latin America, there has been a rise in governments drawn from self-defining progressive political currents. Consequently a revitalization is underway of the debate on the viability, pertinence, and characteristics of the welfare state in the twenty-first century. In this context, the present article explores emerging social practices that redefine the various senses of the public space; practices that go beyond nation states, situated in a global territoriality, articulating languages and eliciting emotions capable of producing (...)
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  17.  1
    Memories of Venice: Analysis of Two Thought Experiments by Derek Parfit.Andrej Rozemberg - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):125-135.
    It is commonly believed that our episodic memory teaches us about the reality of personal identity over time. Derek Parfitt’s notion of quasi-memory challenges this belief. According to Parfit, q-memories provide us with knowledge of past experiences in the same way that memory does, without presupposing that the rememberer and the experiencer are the same person. Various aspects of Parfit’s theory have met with criticism from scholars such as D. Wiggins, J. McDowell, M. Schechtman, and others. In this paper, I (...)
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  18. Introduction: The Prize Essays.Emil Višňovský - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):3-5.
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  19.  3
    The Failure of the Welfare Ideology and System in Hong Kong: A Historical Perspective.Andrew Yu - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (1):99-108.
    At present, Hong Kong does not have a publicly-managed mandatory contributory retirement protection scheme. The Hong Kong Government launched a consultation on the universal pension scheme in 2015. The Government’s plan provoked many controversies and eventually failed. This paper will examine the problem of the welfare ideology and system in Hong Kong from a historical perspective, taking the universal pension scheme as an example. This paper argues that the reason for the failure of the universal pension scheme was that Hong (...)
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