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  1.  14
    Critical Thinking: J. Haber, Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press, 2020. Xviii + 207 Pp. $15.95. ISBN 978-0-262-53828-2. [REVIEW]B. Musametov - 2021 - History and Philosophy of Logic 42 (1):97-99.
    In modern socio-economic conditions, one of the priority areas of higher education is the training of a competent specialist with a high culture of thinking, capable of independently making responsible and professional decisions, and acting creatively in non-standard situations. Haber argues that critical thinking (hereafter – CT) is an indispensable skill to achieve this goal; moreover, current global burning issues point out that ‘acquiring and applying this skill is vital to our survival as a society’ (xiii). So, Haber presents his (...)
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  2.  13
    Saving the Square of Opposition.Pieter A. M. Seuren - 2021 - History and Philosophy of Logic 42 (1):72-96.
    Contrary to received opinion, the Aristotelian Square of Opposition (square) is logically sound, differing from standard modern predicate logic (SMPL) only in that it restricts the universe U of cognitively constructible situations by banning null predicates, making it less unnatural than SMPL. U-restriction strengthens the logic without making it unsound. It also invites a cognitive approach to logic. Humans are endowed with a cognitive predicate logic (CPL), which checks the process of cognitive modelling (world construal) for consistency. The square is (...)
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