Applied ontology

ISSNs: 1570-5838, 1875-8533

14 found

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  1.  4
    Towards building knowledge by merging multiple ontologies with CoMerger: A partitioning-based approach.Samira Babalou & Birgitta König-Ries - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (4):307-341.
    Ontologies are the prime way of organizing data in the Semantic Web. Often, it is necessary to combine several, independently developed ontologies to obtain a complete representation of a domain of interest. The complementarity of existing ontologies can be leveraged by merging them. Existing approaches for ontology merging mostly implement a binary merge. However, with the growing number and size of relevant ontologies across domains, scalability becomes a central challenge. A multi-ontology merging technique offers a potential solution to this problem. (...)
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  2.  8
    Towards a German labor market ontology: Challenges and applications.Jens Dörpinghaus, Johanna Binnewitt, Stefan Winnige, Kristine Hein & Kai Krüger - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (4):343-365.
    The labor market is an area with diverse data structures and multiple applications, such as matching job seekers with the right training or job. For this reason, the multilingual classification of European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO) is a good example of the central role of ontologies in this area. However, ESCO cannot provide all the details of local labor market needs and does not provide links to other hierarchies of competences. For example, other taxonomies of occupations and skills (...)
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  3. A plea for epistemic ontologies.Gilles Kassel - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (4):367-397.
    In this article, we advocate the use of “epistemic” ontologies, i.e., systems of categories representing our knowledge of the world, rather than the world directly. We first expose a metaphysical framework based on a dual mental and physical realism, which underpins the development of these epistemic ontologies. To this end, we refer to the theories of intentionality and representation established within the school of Franz Brentano at the turn of the 20th century and choose to rehabilitate the notion of a (...)
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  4.  29
    Ontologies in the era of large language models – a perspective.Fabian Neuhaus - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (4):399-407.
    The potential of large language models (LLM) has captured the imagination of the public and researchers alike. In contrast to previous generations of machine learning models, LLMs are general-purpose tools, which can communicate with humans. In particular, they are able to define terms and answer factual questions based on some internally represented knowledge. Thus, LLMs support functionalities that are closely related to ontologies. In this perspective article, I will discuss the consequences of the advent of LLMs for the field of (...)
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  5. Ontology of language, with applications to demographic data.S. Clint Dowland, Barry Smith, Matthew A. Diller, Jobst Landgrebe & William R. Hogan - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (3):239-262.
    Here we present what we believe is a novel account of what languages are, along with an axiomatically rich representation of languages and language-related data that is based on this account. We propose an account of languages as aggregates of dispositions distributed across aggregates of persons, and in doing so we address linguistic competences and the processes that realize them. This paves the way for representing additional types of language-related entities. Like demographic data of other sorts, data about languages may (...)
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  6.  9
    From Smart City to Smart Society: A quality-of-life ontological model for problem detection from user-generated content.Carlos Periñán-Pascual - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (3):263-306.
    Social-media platforms have become a global phenomenon of communication, where users publish content in text, images, video, audio or a combination of them to convey opinions, report facts that are happening or show current situations of interest. Smart-city applications can benefit from social media and digital participatory platforms when citizens become active social sensors of the problems that occur in their communities. Indeed, systems that analyse and interpret user-generated content can extract actionable information from the digital world to improve citizens’ (...)
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  7.  15
    SNOMED CT and Basic Formal Ontology – convergence or contradiction between standards? The case of “clinical finding”.Stefan Schulz, James T. Case, Peter Hendler, Daniel Karlsson, Michael Lawley, Ronald Cornet, Robert Hausam, Harold Solbrig, Karim Nashar, Catalina Martínez-Costa & Yongsheng Gao - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (3):207-237.
    Background: SNOMED CT is a large terminology system designed to represent all aspects of healthcare. Its current form and content result from decades of bottom-up evolution. Due to SNOMED CT’s formal descriptions, it can be considered an ontology. The Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) is a foundational ontology that proposes a small set of disjoint, hierarchically ordered classes, supported by relations and axioms. In contrast, as a typical top-down endeavor, BFO was designed as a foundational framework for domain ontologies in the (...)
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  8.  17
    Information, mereology and vagueness.Thomas Bittner - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (2):119-167.
    Classical systems of mereology identify a maximuml set of jointly exhaustive and pairwise disjoint (RCC5) relations. The amount of information that is carried by each member of this set of (crisp) relations is determined by the number of bits of information that are required to distinguish all the members of the set. It is postulated in this paper, that vague mereological relations are limited in the amount of information they can carry. That is, if a crisp mereological relation can carry (...)
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  9.  11
    Modeling experts, knowledge providers and expertise in Materials Modeling: MAEO as an application ontology of EMMO’s ecosystem.Pierluigi Del Nostro, Gerhard Goldbeck, Andrea Pozzi & Daniele Toti - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (2):99-118.
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  10.  9
    An ontology for maintenance procedure documentation.Caitlin Woods, Tim French, Melinda Hodkiewicz & Tyler Bikaun - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (2):169-206.
    In mining, manufacturing and industrial process industries, maintenance procedures are used as an aid to guide technicians through complex manual tasks. These procedures are not machine-readable, and cannot support reasoning in digitally integrated manufacturing systems. Procedure documents contain unstructured text and are stored in a variety of formats. The aim of this work is to query information held in real industrial maintenance procedures. To achieve this, we develop an ontology for maintenance procedures using the OWL 2 description language. We leverage (...)
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  11.  32
    Towards a core ontology of organisational transformation.Silvia Bogea Gomes, Flavia Maria Santoro, Miguel Mira da Silva, Paulo Pinto & Giancarlo Guizzardi - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (1):31-70.
    Organisations are increasingly transforming themselves to remain profitable and obtain sustainable competitive advantages. Business processes are as important as technology in promoting organisational transformation. Organisational transformation ultimately entails combining existing business components, whether or not with the same use and design, with new ones to generate novel products and services. For example, one particular type of organisation transformation is digital transformation. This notion, which covers even the subjective aspects of organisational transformation, is currently under intensive discussion and suffers from the (...)
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  12.  18
    Guidelines for the reuse of ontology content.Michael Halper, Larisa N. Soldatova, Mathias Brochhausen, Fatima Sabiu Maikore, Christopher Ochs & Yehoshua Perl - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (1):5-29.
    Reuse of elements from existing ontologies in the construction of new ontologies is a foundational principle in ontological design. It offers the benefits, among others, of consistency and interoperability between such knowledge structures as well as sharing resources. Reuse is widely found within important collections of established ontologies, such as BioPortal and the OBO Foundry. However, reuse comes with its own potential problems involving ontological commitment, granularity, and ambiguity. Guidelines are proposed to aid ontology developers and curators in their prospective (...)
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  13.  21
    Applied ontology: Where are we now and where are we going?Janna Hastings & John A. Bateman - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (1):1-4.
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  14.  5
    Designing ontologies for behaviours based on temporal passive data.Clauirton Siebra & Katarzyna Wac - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (1):71-97.
    The use of ontologies to model human behaviours that affect health is challenging since this process involves data from multiple inter-related domains that unfold and evolve over time. However, while current ontology development methodologies are generic enough to model any domain of interest, they do not provide design guidelines for modelling time-related aspects. This paper proposes a methodology for ontology development that entails the requirements for behaviours modelling based on passive temporal data. Its main focus is on temporal representations of (...)
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