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  1.  33
    Life Sciences for Philosophers and Philosophy for Life Scientists: What Should We Teach?Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (1):1-11.
    Following recent debate on the relations between philosophy of science and the sciences, we wish to draw attention to some actual ways of training both young philosophers of science and young life scientists and clinicians. First, we recall a successful case of training philosophers of the life sciences in a strictly scientific environment. Second, after a brief review of the reasons why life scientists and clinicians are currently asking for more ethics, more methodology of science, and more philosophy of science (...)
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  2.  13
    Parallel Causation in Oncogenic and Anthropogenic Degradation and Extinction.James DeGregori & Niles Eldredge - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (1):12-24.
    We propose that the onset and progressive destructive action of cancer within an individual bears a profound and striking similarity to the onset and progressive human-engendered destruction of global ecosystems and the extinction of entire species. Cancer in the human body and our human role in planetary, especially biotic, degradation are uncannily similar systems. For starters, they are the only two known complex systems where a discrete component changes its normal ecological role and function—turning on and potentially killing its host, (...)
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  3.  10
    Aging, DNA Information, and Authorship: Medawar, Schrödinger, and Samuel Butler.Donald R. Forsdyke - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (1):50-55.
    Eminent scientists are well-placed to bring the novel works of others, even if not in their own areas of expertise, to general attention. In so doing, they may be able to extend original accounts or introduce new terminologies, but they are basically messengers, not innovators. In the 1940s an evolutionary theory of biological aging was explained by Peter Medawar, and informational concepts relating to DNA were explained by Erwin Schrödinger. Both explanations were eventually traced back to the Victorian polymath Samuel (...)
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  4.  22
    Can We Talk About Feminist Epistemic Values Beyond Gender? Lessons From the Gut Microbiome.Tamar Schneider - 2020 - Biological Theory 15 (1):25-38.
    I examine the feminist epistemic values in science, presented by Helen Longino, and their role in framing microbiome causality in the study of inflammatory bowel disease. In particular, I show how values presented as feminist give an alternative view in scientific theories—focusing on ontological heterogeneity and mutuality of interactions rather than simplicity and one causal direction—when looking at relations between organisms and microorganisms, and between organisms and their environment. I identify two approaches in microbiome study, an immunological approach that looks (...)
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