Year:

  1.  9
    Programming the USSR: Leonid V. Kantorovich in Context.Ivan Boldyrev & Till Düppe - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):255-278.
    In the wake of Stalin's death, many Soviet scientists saw the opportunity to promote their methods as tools for the engineering of economic prosperity in the socialist state. The mathematician Leonid Kantorovich was a key activist in academic politics that led to the increasing acceptance of what emerged as a new scientific persona in the Soviet Union. Rather than thinking of his work in terms of success or failure, we propose to see his career as exemplifying a distinct form of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  3
    Science, Catholicism and Politics in Argentina.Miguel de Asúa - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):139-158.
    In fin de siècle Argentina a secularist ideology of science was part of the positivist world view espoused by liberals and socialists. Between the years 1910 and 1935, a period in which the Catholic Church experienced a significant cultural expansion, the activities of the Catholic naturalist Ángel Gallardo and the astronomer and priest Fortunato Devoto challenged the so far prevailing idea of science as opposed to religion. This paper explores the connections between the scientific, religious and political aspects of those (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  3
    Eating Game: Proteins, International Conservation and the Rebranding of African Wildlife, 1955–1965.Raf de Bont - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):183-205.
    Around 1960, leading figures in the international conservation circuit – such as Julian Huxley, Frank Fraser Darling and E. Barton Worthington – successfully propagated new visions about the value of undomesticated African mammals. Against traditional ideas, they presented these mammals as a highly efficient source of protein for growing African populations. In line with this vision, they challenged non-interventionist ideals of nature preservation, and launched proposals for active management through game ‘ranching’ and ‘cropping’. As such, they created a new socio-technical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  1
    Ian Duncan, Human Forms: The Novel in the Age of Evolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2019. Pp. 304. ISBN 978-0-6911-7507-2. £30.00 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]H. -F. Dessain - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):285-287.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  2
    Nicole C. Nelson, Model Behavior: Animal Experiments, Complexity, and the Genetics of Psychiatric Disorders. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2018. Pp. 255. ISBN 978-0-2265-4608-7. $30.00 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Tarquin Holmes - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):279-280.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  2
    Archaeology Enters the ‘Atomic Age’: A Short History of Radiocarbon, 1946–1960.Emily M. Kern - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):207-227.
    Today, the most powerful research technique available for assigning chronometric age to human cultural objects is radiocarbon dating. Developed in the United States in the late 1940s by an alumnus of the Manhattan Project, radiocarbon dating measures the decay of the radioactive isotope carbon-14 in organic material, and calculates the time elapsed since the materials were removed from the life cycle. This paper traces the interdisciplinary collaboration between archaeology and radiochemistry that led to the successful development of radiocarbon dating in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  3
    Cultivating Famine: Data, Experimentation and Food Security, 1795–1848.John Lidwell-Durnin - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):159-181.
    Collecting seeds and specimens was an integral aspect of botany and natural history in the eighteenth century. Historians have until recently paid less attention to the importance of collecting, trading and compiling knowledge of their cultivation, but knowing how to grow and maintain plants free from disease was crucial to agricultural and botanical projects. This is particularly true in the case of food security. At the close of the eighteenth century, European diets began shifting from wheat- to potato-dependence. In Britain (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  1
    Richard J. Oosterhoff, Making Mathematical Culture: University and Print in the Circle of Lefèvre d'Etaples, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 304. ISBN 978-0-1988-2352-0. £65.00 (Hardback). [REVIEW]Paolo Rossini - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):282-283.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  1
    Joshua Nall, News From Mars: Mass Media and the Forging of a New Astronomy, 1860–1910. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2019. Pp. 287. ISBN 978-0-8229-4552-9. $50.00 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Charlotte Sleigh - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):281-282.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  1
    The Green Airliner That Never Was: Aerodynamic Theory, Fuel-Efficiency and the Role of the British State in Aviation Technology in the Mid-Twentieth Century.Graham Spinardi - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):229-254.
    Two aerodynamic concepts theorized in the early twentieth century – laminar-flow control and flying wings – offer the potential for more efficient aircraft. However, despite compelling advantages on paper and optimistic predictions, the fuel-saving benefits of these technologies have not yet been fully realized. This paper documents British work on these concepts, with a particular focus on laminar-flow control. Faced with an increasingly difficult funding context and a lack of a clear military rationale, these potentially significant advances in aircraft efficiency (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  2
    Martin Beech, Going Underground: The Science and History of Falling Through the Earth. New Jersey, London, Singapore, Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Taipei, Chennai and Tokyo: World Scientific, 2019. Pp. Xi + 276. ISBN 978-9813-2790-3-2. £35.00/$38.00 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Todd K. Timberlake - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):287-288.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  1
    JoAnne Yates and Craig N. Murphy, Engineering Rules: Global Standard Setting Since 1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019. Pp. 440. ISBN 978-1-4214-2889-5. $64.95 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Thomas P. Weber - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (2):283-285.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  3
    Optimizing and Normalizing the Population Through Hormone Therapies in Italian Science, C.1926–1950.Chiara Beccalossi - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):67-88.
    This essay explores how hormone treatments were used to optimize and normalize individuals under Italian Fascism. It does so by taking the activities of the Biotypological Orthogenetic Institute − an Italian eugenics and endocrinological centre founded by Nicola Pende in 1926 − as the prime example of a version of eugenics, biotypology, which was based on hormone therapies. This essay first demonstrates that Italian Fascist biopolitics was not only concerned with increasing the size of the Italian population, but also with (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  4
    Retrospectives: Uses of History of Science in the Late Ottoman Empire and Early Republican Turkey.Alper Bilgili - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):109-117.
    I am a Turkish student of [the] History of Science and have been working on the subject within the last six years for the preparation of a History of Science [book] in Turkish.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  3
    Philip W. Clements, Science in an Extreme Environment: The 1963 American Mount Everest Expedition. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018. Pp. Xvii + 269. ISBN 978-0-8229-4511-6. $39.95 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Jordan Bimm - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):121-123.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  5
    Marcos Cueto, Theodore M. Brown and Elizabeth Fee, The World Health Organization: A History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Pp. Ix + 373. ISBN 978-1-1087-2884-3. £26.99 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Daniele Cozzoli - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):126-128.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  5
    Lorei Gruen (Ed.), Critical Terms for Animal Studies. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2018. Pp. 472. ISBN 978-0-2263-5542-9. £32.50/£24.50 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Rosa Deen - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):132-134.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  2
    Jacqueline H. Wolf, Cesarean Section: An American History of Risk, Technology, and Consequence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018. Pp. 320. ISBN 978-1-4214-2552-8. $49.95 (Hardback). [REVIEW]Sally Frampton - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):136-137.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  7
    Tremoring Transits: Railways, the Royal Observatory and the Capitalist Challenge to Victorian Astronomical Science.Edward J. Gillin - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):1-24.
    Britain's nineteenth-century railway companies traditionally play a central role in histories of the spread of standard Greenwich time. This relationship at once seems to embody a productive relationship between science and capitalism, with regulated time essential to the formation of a disciplined industrial economy. In this narrative, it is not the state, but capitalistic private commerce which fashioned a national time system. However, as this article demonstrates, the collaboration between railway companies and the Royal Greenwich Observatory was far from harmonious. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  4
    Amelia Bonea, Melissa Dickson, Sally Shuttleworth and Jennifer Wallis, Anxious Times: Medicine and Modernity in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2019. Pp. 320. ISBN 978-0-8229-4551-2, $50.00 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Anne Hanley - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):119-121.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  4
    Michael Bravo, North Pole: Nature and Culture. London: Reaktion Books, 2019. Pp. 254. ISBN 978-1-7891-4008-8. $24.95/£14.96 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Daniel Helsing - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):131-132.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  5
    Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O'reilly, Matthew Shindell and Milena Wazeck, Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2019. Pp. Ix + 281. ISBN 978-0-2266-0201-1. $35.00 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Elliot Honeybun-Arnolda - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):128-129.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  5
    Constructing the ‘Automatic’ Greenwich Time System: George Biddell Airy and the Telegraphic Distribution of Time, C.1852–1880.Yuto Ishibashi - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):25-46.
    In the context of the telegraphic distribution of Greenwich time, while the early experiments, the roles of successive Astronomers Royal in its expansion, and its impacts on the standardization of time in Victorian Britain have all been evaluated, the attempts of George Biddell Airy and his collaborators in constructing the Royal Observatory's time signals as the authoritative source of standard time have been underexplored within the existing historical literature. This paper focuses on the wide-ranging activities of Airy, his assistant astronomers, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  5
    Sociability, Radium and the Maintenance of Scientific Culture and Authority in Twentieth-Century Ireland: A Case Study of the Royal Dublin Society.Adrian Kirwan - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):47-66.
    This article, through a case study of the Royal Dublin Society, traces the reception, experimentation with, and uses of radium in early twentieth-century Ireland. Throughout the nineteenth century there was increasing state intervention in the provision of scientific and technical education in Ireland. This culminated in the loss of the RDS's traditional role in this area. The article demonstrates that the RDS was forced to re-envisage its role as a scientific institution by actively seeking to support experimental research. Using radium (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  4
    Peter R. Broughton, Northern Star: J.S. Plaskett. Toronto and London: University of Toronto Press, 2018. Pp. Xx + 539. ISBN 978-1-4426-3017-8. $90.00 (Hardback). [REVIEW]Lee T. MacDonald - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):125-126.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  5
    Helen M. Rozwadowski, Vast Expanses: A History of the Oceans. London: Reaktion Books, 2018. Pp. 268. ISBN 978-1-78023-997-2. £16.00 (Hardback). [REVIEW]Tirza Meyer - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):123-125.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  4
    Scientific Broadcasting as a Social Responsibility? John Maynard Smith on Radio and Television in the 1960s and 1970s.Helen Piel - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):89-108.
    John Maynard Smith was one of Britain's most eminent evolutionary biologists. For over forty years, from 1954 onwards, he also regularly appeared on radio and television. He primarily acted as a scientific expert on biology, but in the late 1960s and the 1970s he often spoke on the implications of science for society. Through four case studies, this paper analyses Maynard Smith's scientific broadcasting against developments within the BBC as well as the relation between science and society in Britain. It (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  2
    Nicholas B. Breyfogle (Ed.), Eurasian Environments: Nature and Ecology in Imperial Russian and Soviet History. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018. Pp. 424. ISBN: 978-0-8229-6563-3. $34.95 (Paperback). [REVIEW]Giulia Rispoli - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):134-136.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  4
    Benjamin Wardhaugh, Gunpowder and Geometry: The Life of Charles Hutton, Pit Boy, Mathematician, and Scientific Rebel. London: William Collins, 2019. Pp. 312. ISBN 978-0-0082-9995-8. £20.00/$39.99 (Hardback). [REVIEW]Hannah Wills - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (1):129-131.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues