Year:

  1.  4
    How to Understand Brain-Body-Environment Interactions? Toward a Systemic Representationalism. [REVIEW]Frédéric Alexandre - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):130-131.
    The target article discusses the influence of the enactivist account of perception in computer science, beyond subjectivism and objectivism. I suggest going one step further and introduce our VirtualEnaction platform, proposing a federative systemic view for brain-body-environment interaction for this analysis.
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  2.  9
    From Problem Solving to Problem Posing: Fronting the Teacher as Observer. [REVIEW]Nat Banting & Elaine Simmt - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):177-179.
    The aim of this commentary is to extend the work of Proulx and Maheux to include consideration of the teacher-observer whose role in the mathematics classroom is to ensure that curriculum goals are being met.
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  3.  5
    Back to Representationalism. [REVIEW]Valérie Bonnardel - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):132-133.
    Palacios, Escobar and Céspedes consider misrepresentation and comparability in the context of the enactivist approach of colour perception. This consideration leads them to propose the introduction of a weak form of representationalism to account for internal representation of “reality” and “shared experience” and to accommodate the Bayesian principle of prior information used in machine vision. The weak representationalism is not limited to brain states but may include embodied factors to be compatible with the enactivist framework. My commentary will essentially consider (...)
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  4.  5
    Francisco Varela's Four Key Points of Enaction Applied to Working on Mathematical Problems. [REVIEW]Laurinda C. Brown - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):179-181.
    After a description of Varela’s four key points to a science of inter-being: embodiment, emergence, intersubjectivity and circulation, three questions are asked and briefly explored: Are these key points illustrated in the target article? What is a problem? And what could classrooms look like where knowing is doing?
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  5.  3
    Active Vision: A Broader Comparative Perspective Is Needed. [REVIEW]Lars Chittka & Peter Skorupski - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):128-129.
    We sympathize with the view that visual information is often acquired by active sampling of the environment, for example, through scanning movements. Not all vision is active, however - humans can capture important details of a visual scene at a glance, for example. The strategies of active sampling in various animals depend substantially on the structure of their visual systems and the representational capacities of their brains.
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  6.  6
    Dynamic Connections Between Problem Posing and Problem-Solving: On the Usefulness of Multiple Perspectives. [REVIEW]Victor V. Cifarelli - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):172-173.
    Drawing from the ideas of Varela, Proulx and Maheux, I propose a theoretical framework to examine problem-posing and problem-solving and provide evidence for their ideas with examples of student work from their research studies. I will draw comparisons between the approach taken by the researchers to the constructivist approach I have taken in my studies of problem-solving and those conducted with collaborators. My intent with these comments is not to argue the merits of one perspective over the other; rather, I (...)
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  7.  3
    The Reflective Science of Ethnography and Its Role in Pragmatic Design. [REVIEW]William J. Clancey - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):73-76.
    Analyses of the epistemological premises of modern ethnography suggest that “opening up” cognitive science is problematic, caught between a theoretically impossible “translation” of another world view or culture and reverting to an autobiography. Rather, an ethnography might be viewed as a “poetic” expression of interpersonal experiences, whose writing is a new experience contributing to ongoing conversations with ethical value. In particular, one can adopt an instrumental perspective in which an ethnography is a tool for engineering design; thus the “opening” is (...)
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  8.  4
    Francisco Varela and Immune System Modeling, Closure, Cognition and Enaction. [REVIEW]Irun R. Cohen - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):151-154.
    Vaz and Andrade recount how Varela collaborated with a group of immunologists to advance a nonconformist view of the immune system. Here, I outline my interpretation of four concepts related to the philosophy of the immune system that Vaz and Andrade associate with the ideas of Varela: modeling, cognition, closure and enaction.
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  9.  3
    The Mathematics of Autonomy. [REVIEW]Arthur M. Collings - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):23-25.
    I strongly affirm the author’s reflections on the mathematical contributions of Varela, and also offer related observations about the mathematics of autonomy.
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  10.  3
    Enacting Science: Extending Enaction Beyond the Content of a Theory.Ema Demšar - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):46-48.
    In general agreement with the target article, I relate Vörös and Bitbol’s elucidation of Varelian philosophical roots of enaction to a discussion of enaction put forward by Varela’s co-authors Rosch and Thompson in their introductions to the revised edition of The Embodied Mind. I align Vörös and Bitbol’s multi-layered understanding of enaction to Rosch’s distinction between its “phase 1” and “phase 2” accounts. I consider the implications of the relationship between the pseudo-subject and the meta-subject of the enactive account of (...)
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  11.  10
    The Past, Present and Future of Time-Consciousness: From Husserl to Varela and Beyond.Shaun Gallagher - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):91-97.
    In developing an enactivist phenomenology the analysis of time-consciousness needs to be pushed toward a fully enactivist account. Problem: Varela proposed a neurophenomenology of time-consciousness. I attempt to push this analysis towards a more complete enactivist phenomenology of time-consciousness. Method: I review Varela’s account of time-consciousness, which brings Husserl’s phenomenological analysis of the intrinsic temporal structure of experience into contact with contemporary neuroscience and dynamical systems theory, and pushes it towards a more enactivist conception of consciousness. I argue that Varela’s (...)
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  12.  5
    Author's Response: Internatural Relations.Shaun Gallagher - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):110-116.
    I offer some clarification on how enactivism is related to naturalism, predictive processing and transcendental phenomenology, and I point to a paradox that requires further clarification with regard to the structure of intrinsic temporality and the nature of self.
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  13.  6
    Maths and Neurophenomenology. [REVIEW]Huge Gash - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):182-183.
    The target article prioritises the emergence of pupils’ mathematical ideas. Other constructivist approaches have focussed on how teachers might act to facilitate pupils’ mathematical activity. How might teachers be helped to use Varela’s insights into the uncontrollable emergence of ideas while teaching in the context of dominant intentional problem-solving approaches?
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  14.  59
    Varela on the Pragmatic Dimension of Phenomenology.Andrea Pace Giannotta - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):78-81.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Varela’s Radical Proposal: How to Embody and Open Up Cognitive Science” by Kristian Moltke Martiny. Upshot: I examine Varela’s relationship with Husserl’s phenomenology, highlighting Varela’s acknowledgment of the pragmatic dimension of its phenomenological reduction. I argue that Varela sees, in some developments of phenomenology, a deconstruction of the subject-object duality and an embodied view of the mind. I also highlight the existential dimension of Varela’s radical proposal, which contributes to further opening up and embodying (...)
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  15.  4
    The Lackluster Role of Misperceptions in an Enactivist Paradigm. [REVIEW]Davood G. Gozli - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):133-135.
    While the objectivist view of perception provides us with a commonsensical starting point, it quickly gives rise to unsolvable puzzles. The enactivist view, on the other hand, starts by challenging common sense, but it does not lead to the same unsolvable puzzles of the objectivist line of thought. Enactivism does not deny perceptual illusions or individual differences; it simply strips them of the status of perennial philosophical puzzles.
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  16.  4
    "Posing I Solving" Can Be Explained Without Representations, Because It Is a Form of Perception-Action. [REVIEW]Matthew Isaac Harvey - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):169-171.
    The target article succeeds in conceptualizing mathematical problem-solving as a form of organism-environment coupling. So conceived, it is a suitable subject for both enactive and ecological descriptions, and is open to embodied, dynamical explanations that have no need for cognitivist models. In other words, Proulx and Maheux have shown how to get across the “cognitive gap.”.
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  17.  4
    Some Shortcomings of Naturalization.Véronique Havelange - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):100-101.
    Gallagher hardly refers to the central issue of the phenomenological reduction, and he perpetuates the historical blunder of Chisholm, misinterpreting Husserlian intentionality as linguistic intensionality. This misunderstanding opens the way to a “naturalization” of phenomenology, which misses the very method of the phenomenological reduction as well as the essential dimension of subjective lived experience.
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  18.  6
    The Perils of "Open Science": How Radical and How Many? [REVIEW]Simon Høffding - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):72-73.
    I ask exactly how “open” we should be in “opening up cognitive science” and how many scientists should embrace the radical openness Martiny advocates. I suggest that the most fruitful realization of Martiny’s vision would consist in the creation of research groups with a balance between scholars of singular disciplines and transdisciplinary cognitive scientists.
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  19.  3
    Teaching Activity in the Context of Mathematical Activity. [REVIEW]Signe E. Kastberg - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):183-185.
    Proulx and Maheux’s view of problem-posing|solving compels insights about roles and lived experiences of teachers. Living and reporting co-emergence of teaching activity and mathematical activity are discussed.
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  20.  5
    Mathematical Work of Francisco Varela.Louis H. Kauffman - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):11-17.
    This target article explicates mathematical themes in the work of Varela that remain of current interest in present-day second-order cybernetics. Problem: Varela’s approach extended biological autonomy to mathematical models of autonomy using reflexivity, category theory and eigenform. I will show specific ways that this mathematical modeling can contribute further to both biology and cybernetics. Method: The method of this article is to use elementary mathematics based in distinctions to consistently make all constructions and thereby show how the observer is involved (...)
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  21.  6
    Author's Response: Self-Reference and the Self.Louis H. Kauffman - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):28-30.
    In this response, I revisit the themes of my article on the mathematical work of Varela and I attempt to clarify the linguistic and human meanings of the terms “self-reference” and “self.”.
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  22.  7
    Life is Intrinsically Temporal. [REVIEW]Julian Kiverstein - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):103-105.
    In this commentary I invert Gallagher’s argument and argue that the account he gives of temporality should be applied to enactive cognition across the board. Instead of enactivising phenomenological accounts of time-consciousness, I suggest Gallagher ought also to be read as arguing for a temporalizing of enactive cognition.
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  23.  3
    The Elusive Blueprint for Building Bridges. [REVIEW]Urban Kordeš - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):48-50.
    I consider the lack of clear guidelines for groundless non-dualist research proposed by Vörös and Bitbol’s interpretation of Varela’s programme. I attempt to clarify a mode of being that this kind of research calls for, and propose that understanding such a research-oriented existential attitude might replace the need for a detailed research “technique.” I reflect upon the ethical implications of research-oriented being.
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  24.  6
    Monologic Versus Dialogic Distinctions of Selves. [REVIEW]Klaus Krippendorff - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):18-21.
    This commentary contrasts the monologic accounts of self-reference pursued in Kauffman’s target article with natural language notions of referring to one’s self, drawing distinctions, and constructing identities collaboratively. It suggests that mathematical calculi, which assume the perspective of observers, are fundamentally incapable of accounting for how the selves of interactively involved participants in social systems come to be. It questions the claim that a mathematical notion of “self” can shed light on the being of humans and argues for dialogical distinctions (...)
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  25.  4
    Embodiment, Knowledge-Generation and Disciplinary Identity. [REVIEW]Allan Køster - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):70-71.
    I welcome the perspective presented in Martiny’s target article. In this commentary I push for clarity on three matters: The concept of embodiment; The status of the type of knowledge generated in the phenomenological interview; and The notion of openness in relation to interdisciplinarity and the disciplinary identity of the cognitive sciences.
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  26.  6
    Protention and Predictive Processing: The Wave of the Future.Dan Lloyd - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):98-99.
    Gallagher’s main claim can be enhanced neurophenomenologically. In his 1907 lectures Thing and Space, Husserl argued that perception in general is enactive. Moreover, the neuroscientific theory of predictive processing connects neatly to a future-oriented phenomenology.
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  27.  3
    Moving Toward a Paradigm Shift by Developing That Paradigm Shift. [REVIEW]Robert J. Martin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):25-27.
    Kauffman’s target article explicates Spencer Brown’s Laws of Form and Varela’s Calculus of Indications as a way of thinking about the observer and the observed. This commentary points out that thinking about observer and observed in this way can also be a way of thinking about learning and meaning.
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  28.  4
    Varela's Radical Proposal: How to Embody and Open Up Cognitive Science.Kristian Moltke Martiny - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):59-67.
    The scientific landscape of cognitive science is today influenced, as are other areas of science, by the open science movement, which is seen, for instance, in the recently launched Open MIND project. Problem: More than 25 years ago Varela introduced the idea of opening up cognitive science. He called for a radical transformation of values, training and ways to conduct cognitive science. Yet, his radical proposal has been neglected in the discussions in cognitive science. Method: I describe Varela’s proposal by (...)
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  29.  4
    Author's Response: Defrees of Openness, Embodiment, Circularity, and Invariance.Kristian Moltke Martiny - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):83-90.
    I clarify Varela’s radical proposal by discussing different degrees of “openness,” “embodiment,” “circularity” and “invariance.” In doing so, the aim is to further describe and exemplify how his proposal is indeed radical.
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  30.  6
    Diseases: Loss of Inner Harmonies? [REVIEW]Humberto R. Maturana - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):149-150.
    An organism is a harmonious closed network of molecular and cellular interactions that produce molecular and cellular transformations and replacements in the continuous realization of its molecular autopoiesis. The processes that we call immunity are dynamics of recovery of that harmony when it is lost as a result of the appearance or intrusion of molecules that do not normally pertain to it, which destroy that harmony, giving rise to what is lived as a disease.
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  31.  4
    Loud Crisis, Quiet Crisis: Varela's Proposal Resonates in Contemporary Psychological Science. [REVIEW]Marek McGann - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):68-69.
    Varela’s proposal that science should be open to the phenomena of experience is radical primarily because of the strangely constrained practices of psychological science. Methodological and professional crises within contemporary psychological science resonate with the issues raised by Varela and others, and addressing them effectively will mean following Varela’s, and Martiny’s, advice.
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  32.  12
    Function Vs. Structure: The Immune System as a Case in Point. [REVIEW]Jorge Mpodozis - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):147-149.
    Functional approaches to systems, while of heuristic value in many cases, may lead to a neglect of some fundamental aspects of systemic phenomenology. The adoption of an alternative structural/mechanistic approach can be very enlightening to unveil, and effective to solve, the conceptual and heuristic limitations resulting from the adoption of the functional approach. The epistemic history of immunology, as described in the target article, offers compelling evidences of this situation.
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  33.  7
    No Strength From Weakness. [REVIEW]Laura M. Nascimento & Erik Myin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):126-128.
    This commentary questions the target article’s claim that enactivism and representationalism, even in an allegedly weak form, are compatible. We argue that, for a viable enactivism, it is the notion of contentless interaction that must be turned to in order to account for basic cognition, including basic color perception. Enactivism so construed can provide all the benefits the authors want: it can question exaggerated forms of objectivism, without incurring the costs that holding on to contentful representation as a naturalistically unexplained (...)
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  34.  4
    Missing Colors: The Enactivist Approach to Perception.Adrián G. Palacios, María-José Escobar & Esteban Céspedes - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):117-125.
    Part of Varela’s work focused on the study of visual perception, particularly on the grounds of an enactivist theory of vision. Problem: Varela held that the problem of misrepresentation and the comparability of visual experience were crucial. We live with other creatures in sensory worlds that are not tractable, so could we share color-similar experiences? We are still missing an integrative enactive framework to tackle the problems of misrepresentation and comparability related to animal color experience. Method: We carried out a (...)
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  35.  8
    Author's Response: Is a Weak Notion of Representation Not Compatible with a Contextualist and Enactivist Account of Perception?Adrián G. Palacios, María-José Escobar & Esteban Céspedes - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):135-140.
    We argue that the notion of basic perception could help to develop a general enactivist account of perception, without compromising the compatibility between our approach to this theory and the notion of weak representation. To support this, we elaborate on the contextual and normative aspects of our enactivist proposal, on perception, and on how these aspects may be crucial for understanding misrepresentation and comparability.
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  36.  3
    The Transcendental Character of Temporality and the Buddhist Contribution to Time-Consciousness. [REVIEW]Stefano Poletti - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):107-109.
    Enriching the parallel between transcendental phenomenology and enactivism, I briefly discuss the compatibility of the Buddhist perspective with Gallagher’s contribution to time-consciousness. Grounded in his meditative practice and heartfelt engagement with Buddhist philosophy, Varela de-constructed representationalism and its underpinning metaphysical dualism, building up the generative concept of enaction. His approach has been deeply inspired by Madhyamika Buddhism, which describes time-consciousness as that double illusion that frames phenomena as either becoming or permanent.
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  37.  3
    From Problem Solving to Problem Posing, and From Strategies to Laying Down a Path in Solving: Taking Varela's Ideas to Mathematics Education Research.Jérôme Proulx & Jean-François Maheux - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):160-167.
    There has always been a tremendous and varied amount of work on problem-solving in mathematics education research. However, despite its variety, most if not all work in problem-solving shares similar epistemological assumptions about the fact that there is a problem to be solved and that solvers make an explicit selection of a strategy and apply it to solve the problem. Problem: Varela’s ideas about problem-posing provide a means of going beyond these assumptions about problem-solving processes. We propose to explain and (...)
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  38.  3
    Author's Response: On Posing|Solving Research.Jérôme Proulx & Jean-François Maheux - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):185-190.
    We frame our response to the nine OPCs by illustrating how issues related to the observer are salient in research. This leads us to bring forward distinctions about what research and researchers are, for us, all about. We frame research and the researcher’s role in terms of endeavors aiming to offer ways at looking at a phenomenon, and not of providing undeniable, hard facts.
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  39.  3
    On the Second-Person Method: Considering the Diversity and Modes of Subjects's Descriptions. [REVIEW]Susanne Ravn - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):81-83.
    Varela’s description of how first-, second- and third-person positions are inserted in a network of social exchange forms a central ground for using a second-person position as a mediator in a phenomenological exploration of lived experiences. Based on Martiny’s arguments that we should expand the notion of the lab, I suggest that the fundamental circularity of the scientist and the first-person experiences investigated needs to be considered in an extended form when involving a second-person method taking place in the conditions (...)
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  40.  5
    Time As the "Acid Test" of Neurophenomenology. [REVIEW]Jean-Michel Roy - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):101-103.
    Gallagher provides a suggestive solution to the problem of articulating the neurophenomenological and the enactivist components of Varela’s approach to cognition, although one that perpetuates a problematic understanding of the naturalist dimension of the idea of neurophenomenology.
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  41.  3
    Co-Evolution of Problem Posing and Problem-Solving After Finding a Way In. [REVIEW]Volkan Sevim - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):173-175.
    The significance of Proulx and Maheux’s target article lies in their thorough grounding of some of the ideas of the mathematical problem-posing and problem-solving literature in a strong theoretical framework. They direct our attention to two distinct epistemological assumptions that underlie explanations of problem-solving: the so-called “selection-then-execution hypothesis” and Varela’s problem-posing perspective. In this commentary, I will offer two ways their line of research could be extended.
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  42.  6
    Saying What Cannot Be Said. [REVIEW]John Stewart - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):50-52.
    Setting up a dialectic between knowing and being poses an uncomfortable challenge to our usual way of doing science. As a modest contribution to the new collective culture we need, this commentary shares a few Zen koans, and three Taoist stories.
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  43.  4
    Self and Non-Sense: The Radicality of Varela's Contribution to Immunology. [REVIEW]John Stewart - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):150-151.
    The commentator’s motivation for accompanying Varela in a foray into immunology lay in the clear-cut, value-laden contrast between traditional immunology and the new organism-centred view pioneered by Vaz and Coutinho. In the twenty years that have elapsed, models have become increasingly complicated so that this clear-cut contrast has been obscured. In immunology as in cognitive science, the radicality of Varela’s views is disturbing for the mainstream community.
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  44.  4
    On Embodying Decision-Making and the Endless Circularity of Understanding the Mind. [REVIEW]Toma Strle - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):76-78.
    To provide an illustration of some of the author’s theses, I firstly discuss contemporary accounts of embodied decision-making. I argue that they do not endorse the embodied cognition thesis in its essential scope and thus cannot provide a meaningful account of decision-making. Secondly, I briefly discuss researchers’ intrinsic embeddedness in their scientific culture and life-world and the associated inseparability of the subject and the world. I end the essay with a question pertaining to the seemingly endless circularity of knowledge emergence (...)
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  45.  5
    Enaction Without Hagiography. [REVIEW]Evan Thompson - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):41-44.
    Vörös and Bitbol provide a helpful account of the depths of enaction but their hagiographic rhetoric and neglect of important historical facts and recent developments work at cross-purposes to their account.
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  46.  4
    Laws of Form and Paraconsistent Logic. [REVIEW]Jean Paul Van Bendegem - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):21-22.
    The aim of this commentary is to show that a new development in formal logic, namely paraconsistent logic, should be connected with the laws of form. This note also includes some personal history to serve as background.
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  47.  8
    The Epigenetic Immune Network.Nelson Monteiro Vaz & Luiz Antônio Botelho Andrade - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):141-146.
    The dominant theory in immunology is straight neo-Darwinian, almost 60 years old and does not address its epigenetic foundation. In traditional immunology, cognitive notions are used only as metaphors: Cognitive notions derived from enaction and biology of cognition may be applied to immunology. Problem: Why is there a huge gap between the rapidly growing knowledge in experimental immunology and applying this knowledge to medical issues? Could the difficulty be conceptual? Method: We review the history of Varela’s involvement in immunology to (...)
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  48.  3
    Author's Response: Not Objective, Not Subjective- Something Else: Coordination of Actions.Nelson Monteiro Vaz & Luiz Antônio Botelho Andrade - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):154-159.
    Mpodozis and Maturana endorsed our way of seeing and enrich the debate, offering their own arguments. Stewart and Cohen criticize some points of our article. Stewart thinks that we are “watering down” Varela’s enactivism and approaching objectivism; we show why this is not what we believe. Cohen offers a long description of his own functional idea of immunological activity and we show why our positions are incommensurable; agreeing with Mpodozis’s comment, we claim that nothing is gained by ascribing cognitive properties (...)
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  49.  9
    Enacting Enaction: A Dialectic Between Knowing and Being.Sebastjan Vörös & Michel Bitbol - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):31-40.
    The notion of “enaction,” as originally expounded by Varela and his colleagues, was introduced into cognitive science as part of a broad philosophical framework combining science, phenomenology, and Buddhist philosophy. Its intention was to help the researchers in the field avoid falling prey to various dichotomies bedeviling modern philosophy and science, and serve as a “conceptual evocation” of “non-duality” or “groundlessness: an ongoing and irreducible circulation between the flux of lived experience and the search of reason for conceptual invariants, is (...)
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  50.  9
    Author's Response: Not Haiography but Ideational Biography: In Defense of Existential Enaction.Sebastjan Vörös & Michel Bitbol - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):52-58.
    First, we argue that our contribution was not meant as a mythization of Varela’s work, but rather as a Varelian-inspired existential reconstrual of enaction. Second, we expand and elaborate on the notion of dialectics and the role of Buddhist philosophy. Third, we briefly formulate three main domains of investigation for enacting enaction.
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  51.  7
    A Plea for Not Watering Down the Unseemly: Reconsidering Francisco Varela's Contribution to Science.Sebastjan Vörös & Alexander Riegler - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):1-10.
    In the past three decades, the work of Varela has had an enormous impact on current developments in contemporary science. Problem: Varela’s thought was extremely complex and multifaceted, and while some aspects - notably his contributions to the autopoietic theory of living and enactivist approach to cognition - have gained widespread acclaim, others have been ignored or watered down. Method: We identify three dimensions of Varela’s thought: anti-realism of the “middle way”; anti-foundationalism of the circular/recursive onto-epistemology; and ethical/social implications of (...)
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  52.  6
    Not All Problems Are Equal: Is Varela's Concept of a Problem Transferable to Mathematics Education Research? [REVIEW]Karim Zahidi - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):175-177.
    I examine to what extend Varela’s remarks on problem-solving can be applied to mathematical problem-solving. I argue that despite similarities between Varela’s epistemological model and recent advances in mathematics education research on problem-solving, trying to fit ideas and concepts from the latter domain in the Varelian mold runs the risk of misconstruing fundamental aspects of mathematical problem-solving.
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  53.  3
    "Dialectical Dance" and "Dialectical Star": What Exactly Are We Talking About? [REVIEW]Nicolas Zaslawski - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):44-46.
    In this commentary, though I agree with most of Vörös and Bitbol’s statements about Varela’s work, I ask the authors both for a clarification regarding their concept of dialectic and whether their understanding of this concept should lead us to accept their view according to which no further attempt to “find a theoretical fix […] to solve the mind-body problem” is needed (§26.
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  54.  3
    Towards a Neuropsychological Semiotics of Music. [REVIEW]Peter Cariani - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):352-355.
    An alternative semiotics of music grounded in a neuropsychological framework is outlined. The purposes and effects of music listening are to modulate internal psychological states rather than to support externalized actions. Von Foerster’s eigenbehaviors are discussed in the context of self-constructing purposive percept-coordination-action systems and Piaget’s theory of equilibration.
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  55.  3
    In the Eigenform of the Beholder. [REVIEW]Dorothy Chansky - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):326-328.
    Truthfulness, for both actors and their audiences, emerges at the intersection of physiology and social embeddedness, according to Scholte’s argument for the importance of parsing eigenforms. But an understanding of this process on the part of actors and embedding it in their training cannot alone effectuate the social change for which Scholte calls absent change in what is presented in visible, mainstream venues in productions willing to deploy analogous progressive insights and techniques.
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  56.  3
    Performance as an Epistemological Tool Describing the Envelope of Perception. [REVIEW]Lowell F. Christy Jr - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):331-332.
    Scholte’s counterintuitive use of the arts as laboratories of perceptual inquiry investigates meaning, language and formation of perceptual systems. Theory of Logical Types offers one way of understanding the power of theatre as a tool revealing the contextual organizing structures of perception.
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  57.  3
    Multiple Tensions in Music's Semiotic Eigenbehavior. [REVIEW]Kathleen Coessens - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):359-361.
    From actual musical practices, I discuss how music thought and music experience both can and cannot be explained by the semiotic eigencycle.
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  58.  3
    Making Use of Contact, Niches, and Coordination. [REVIEW]Fred Cummins - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):308-309.
    The eigenforms of von Foerster, like the concept of invariants in ecological psychology, have proved useful in stimulating both theory and empirical work in the study of perceptually guided action. The target article offers a novel elaboration of the core idea of invariance in flux. I offer two brief sketches that suggest how the novel formalism might provide a useful stimulus to thought in specific domains: the use of names in dyadic conversation and Buddhist accounts of perception.
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  59.  3
    The Myth of the Cognitive Niche. [REVIEW]Paulo De Jesus - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):305-307.
    I will aim to show that a cognitive niche, as introduced by Werner, although a theoretically rich and insightful concept, ultimately falls short of its intended aims. Here I will draw attention to three distinct reasons for this: it does not adequately deal with the issue of Cartesian subjectivism, it conflates the ontological domain with the epistemic and as a consequence introduces a counterproductive type of representationalism. The commentary finishes with a few words on an alternative proposal for solving the (...)
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  60.  4
    Eigenform and Expertise. [REVIEW]Gerard de Zeeuw - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):258-260.
    Kauffman proposes to understand scientific thinking as including not only observations but also the act that enables their intentional use. This provides a constructivist opportunity: extending scientific thinking to gaining personal expertise.
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  61. Explaining Top-Down Minds From the Bottom Up. [REVIEW]Sven Delarivière - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):369-372.
    The main topic of Dennett’s book is intelligent design and the design of intelligence, trying to make intuitive the processes of both, be it the top-down process of comprehension that designs with foresight and reasons or the bottom-up process of evolution that has, through blind trial and error, captured free-floating rationales and ultimately, through co-evolution (between memes and genes), achieved top-down intelligence, flipping its original design process upside down.
     
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  62.  5
    Do Noncassical Worlds Entail Dualism? [REVIEW]Eric Dietrich - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):275-276.
    The vast differences between the objective, classical realm of our everyday lives and any nonclassical realm have worried researchers for almost a century. No attempt at resolving the differences or explaining them away has ever worked. Maybe there are two realms, the classical and the nonclassical, and maybe they are paradoxical.
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  63.  3
    "The Truth of the Human Spirit" and Interaction Mechanisms. [REVIEW]Raul Espejo - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):334-336.
    Scholte’s article offers a most valuable reflection on cybernetics and acting. This commentary reflects on interaction mechanisms between actors and audiences.
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  64.  3
    Eigenforms, Interfaces and Holographic Encoding: Toward an Evolutionary Account of Objects and Spactime.Chris Fields, Donald D. Hoffman, Chetan Prakash & Robert Prentner - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):265-274.
    Context: The evolution of perceptual systems and hence of observers remains largely disconnected from the question of the emergence of classical objects and spacetime. This disconnection between the biosciences and physics impedes progress toward understanding the role of the “observer” in physical theory. Problem: In this article we consider the problem of how to understand objects and spacetime in observer-relative evolutionary terms. Method: We rely on a comparative analysis using multiple formal frameworks. Results: The eigenform construct of von Foerster is (...)
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  65.  9
    Author's Response: Boundaries, Encodings and Paradox: What Models Can Tell Us About Experience.Chris Fields, Donald D. Hoffman, Chetan Prakash & Robert Prentner - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):284-291.
    Formal models lead beyond ordinary experience to abstractions such as black holes and quantum entanglement. Applying such models to experience itself makes it seem unfamiliar and even paradoxical. We suggest, however, that doing so also leads to insights. It shows, in particular, that the “view from nowhere” employed by the theorist is both essential and deeply paradoxical, and it suggests that experience has an unrecorded, non-reportable component in addition to its remembered, reportable component.
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  66.  3
    Thinking in Eigenbehaviors as a Transdisciplinary Approach.Manfred Füllsack & Alexander Riegler - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):239-245.
    Context: By proposing to regard objects as “tokens for eigenbehavior,” von Foerster’s seminal paper opposes the intuitive subject-object dualism of traditional philosophy, which considers objects to be instances of an external world Problem: We argue that this proposal has two implications, one for epistemology and one for the demarcation between the natural sciences and the humanities. Method: Our arguments are based on insights gained in computational models and from reviewing the contributions to this special issue. Results: Epistemologically, von Foerster’s proposal (...)
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  67.  5
    Inviting Embodied Imagination to the Semiotic Eigenbehavior Musical Party. [REVIEW]Ximena A. González-Grandón - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):356-359.
    The main goal of this commentary is to provide an impetus toward the integration of some aspects of musical enactivism and ecological psychology into the framework of the semiotic eigencycle. I argue that the notions of embodied imagination and musical affordances at the level of interaction between agent and musical environment, play a robustly causal or perhaps even a constitutive role in the music cognitive semiotic process.
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  68.  5
    A Note on Introducing Formal Ontology to Constructivists. [REVIEW]Li Hengwei & Dong Da - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):302-303.
    Werner’s argument that coordination produces cognitive niches has proceeded largely by means of some sort of cognitive connections. Perhaps formal ontology is useful to clarify a cluster of formal-ontological notions, including parts, connections, and locations. Yet constructivists should be careful with formal ontology. At any rate, formal ontology is not just about the use of predicate expressions.
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  69.  4
    Eigenform and Reflexivity.Louis H. Kauffman - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):246-252.
    Purpose: I introduce the concept of eigenform in the context of second-order cybernetics and discuss eigenform and eigenbehavior in the context of reflexivity. The point of eigenform is that it is a concept arising along with the observer at the point where the observer and the observed are apparently the same and yet apparently different. It is this nexus of the observer and the observed that is central to second-order cybernetics. Method: The article is designed as a formal introduction with (...)
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  70.  3
    Author's Response: Eigenform, Action, the Continuous and the Discrete.Louis H. Kauffman - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):260-264.
    I discuss the epistemology of action and its relation to the continuous and the discrete, relative to eigenform, eigenbehavior and the deeper structure of eigenforms in relation to the construction of our personal and apparently objective worlds.
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  71.  5
    Eigenform Encoding and Spacetime. [REVIEW]Louis H. Kauffman - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):279-280.
    An eigenform is both a symbol for a process and the instantiation of a process itself. As such, eigenform provides a new entry to spacetime, as a unification of entity, place and process.
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  72.  4
    Where is Spacetime Constituted? [REVIEW]Urban Kordeš - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):277-278.
    In an attempt to understand its presuppositions, the commentary takes a closer look at the model proposed by the target article. By analysing the interactions between conscious agents, the model tries to derive the enaction of a spacetime framework. A critical examination of the ontological status of the involved entities indicates inconsistencies, especially at the adoption of viewpoints. It seems that despite the model’s being supposedly grounded on the primacy of consciousness, this characteristic is not immediately apparent. The commentary proposes (...)
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  73.  3
    De-Essentializing Human Nature: Truths of the Posthuman Spirit. [REVIEW]Edgar Landgraf - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):328-330.
    Adopting a posthumanist perspective, this commentary understands realism in theatre and film as a semiotechnique that helps establish and promote notions of normative subjectivity and “the human.” It suggests that the bio-constructivist view does not escape the social constructedness of the category of “the human,” and that the ethical conclusions Scholte draws need to include a critique of liberal approaches that extend the political and cultural hegemonies of the humanist tradition.
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  74.  4
    "Eigenforms, Interfaces and Holographic Encoding": Their Relation to the Information Loss Paradox for Black Holes and Quantum Gravity. [REVIEW]Antonino Marcianò - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):283-284.
    I emphasize possible analogies and links between the content of Fields et al.’s target article and some consolidated recent studies in the literature of quantum gravity and the information loss paradox for black holes. This follows from the attempt by the authors to account for spacetime as an error-correcting code. The paradigm the authors focus on can be naturally cast in the language of some models of quantum gravity based on graph theory, and suggests a generalization of the perceptual systems (...)
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  75.  3
    Eigenform, Symmetry, and the First Distinction. [REVIEW]Thomas J. McFarlane - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):256-258.
    The intimate connection between eigenform and symmetry is illustrated, providing insight into the relevance of eigenform to physical science. Eigenform is also explored in the context of the first distinction.
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  76.  3
    Fueling the Take-Off Stage of Scientific Reflexivity. [REVIEW]Karl H. Müller - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):254-256.
    I emphasize the significant role played and the pioneering efforts that Kauffman has made over the last thirty years to present a full-fledged new and reflexive model of science that offers itself as a path-breaking alternative to the traditional models and methodologies of classical philosophy of science.
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  77.  3
    Constructivist Foundations of Musical Sense-Making: Eigenbehavior and the Role of Circularity. [REVIEW]Mark Reybrouck - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):355-356.
    The aim of this commentary is to position Scott’s contribution within the broader framework of enactive cognition and dynamic systems and to explore its possible relation to the ecological and biosemiotics approach to music knowledge construction.
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  78.  3
    Three Questions on the Relation Between Theater Studies and Cybernetics. [REVIEW]Laurence D. Richards - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):333-334.
    The use of cybernetics to reconcile disparate approaches to an enterprise like theatre raises some questions about the role of cybernetics in society. Three such questions are asked, leading to a suggestion for an alternative perspective.
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  79.  3
    Audience and Eigenform: Cybersemiotic Epistemology and the "Truth of the Human Spirit" In Performance.Tom Scholte - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):316-325.
    Context: Despite the best efforts of postmodern, social constructivist scholars to discredit the notion that “realistic” works of theatre and film could contain genuine onto-epistemic goods, many lay observers continue to describe individual performances and productions as more or less “truthful” than one another. Recently, some performance scholars have pushed back against the postmodern position and turned to contemporary cognitive science to undergird their insistence that the embodied nature of reception and perception does, in fact, allow audiences of such works (...)
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  80.  3
    Author's Response: Distinguishing Domains in/Through an Oscillating Naturalist Theater of Logical Types.Tom Scholte - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):336-341.
    Two main critiques of the target article have surfaced fairly consistently across the five commentaries: It does not go far enough in its critique of naturalism’s reification of a supposedly universal subjectivity; The proposed bio-social spectrum of eigenforms lacks coherence due to its mixing of logical types. The first critique is refuted, primarily, by revealing the quasi “straw man” nature of an argument resting too heavily on “mainstream” instances of naturalist performance while the second is embraced and the alternative metaphor (...)
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  81.  3
    Music as Semiotic Eigenbehavior.Douglas Walter Scott - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):342-352.
    Context: There is a long-running dispute within musicology regarding the relationship between music and language. The widespread acceptance of the position that music and language are distinct communicative modalities has encouraged the development of semiotic approaches that are similarly distinct. Problem: What would a semiotic theory look like that, while accepting the distinction of the modalities, unifies the semiotic approach under a single banner, together with logic? Method: The theory proposed for this role is that of the “semiotic eigencycle,” the (...)
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  82.  5
    Author's Response: The Sign and Its World.Douglas Walter Scott - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):362-368.
    Signs do not interpret the world, but rather act through interpretants, which are themselves sign complexes. Understanding a particular sign requires understanding not only the sign itself, but also the ground, or Umwelt expressed as signs, for that sign. The system of embodied sign, its ground, and resolution as an eigenform is analogous to a description of a response of a creature to a stimulus from an environment at a certain level of analysis.
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  83.  4
    The Tricky Transition From Discrete to Continuous. [REVIEW]Jean Paul Van Bendegem - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):253-254.
    I show that the author underestimates the tricky matter of how to make a transition from the discrete, countable to the continuous, uncountable case.
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  84.  3
    From Umwelten to Lebenswelten: A Causal Stroll with Uexküll, Plessner, and Merleau-Ponty. [REVIEW]Sebastjan Vörös - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):299-301.
    Since I am in general agreement with Werner’s proposal, my commentary focuses on two aspects that might expand and refine it further. The first is historical: by providing a brief account of some of the central notions from the works of Uexküll and Plessner, I indicate why a more encompassing historical and philosophical study of certain trends in philosophy of biology from the first part of the 20th century might be relevant to the topic in question. The second aspect is (...)
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  85.  3
    Certain Questions Regarding Perception and Boundaries. [REVIEW]Konrad Werner - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):280-282.
    I elaborate on how boundaries are accounted for in the target article. This is a substantial issue if we are to understand the proposal laid out by Fields et al. I argue that certain boundary-related notions and theses need clarification.
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  86.  3
    Coordination Produces Cognitive Niches, Not Just Experiences: A Semi-Formal Constructivist Ontology Based on von Foerster.Konrad Werner - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):292-299.
    Context: Von Foerster’s concept of eigenbehavior can be recognized against the broader context of enactivism as it has been advocated by Varela, Thompson and Rosch, by Noë and recently by Hutto and Myin, among others. This flourishing constellation of ideas is on its way to becoming the new paradigm of cognitive science. However, in my reading, enactivism, putting stress on the constitutive role of action when it comes to mind and perception, faces a serious philosophical challenge when attempting to account (...)
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  87.  4
    Author's Response: Enactivism, Phenomenology, and Ontology: A Difficult Partnership.Konrad Werner - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):309-315.
    I focus on the relationship between the coalition of ideas including constructivism and enactivism on the one side, and ontology in general on the other. Based on a certain logico-phenomenological attitude that dominated Polish philosophy in the 20th century I argue that ontology as such is not burdened with realistic or representationalist presumptions. Finally, certain more specific issues raised by the commentators are also addressed, including the very usability of the notion of cognitive niche and its role when it comes (...)
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  88.  4
    Taking Seven-League Steps? [REVIEW]Farid Zahnoun & Erik Myin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (3):303-304.
    The general aim of this commentary is to urge the author to clarify a few essential notions, as well as their precise role in the overall argument. We feel that only then will a proper assessment of the article’s merits become possible.
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  89.  14
    Varela as the Uncanny.Y. Ataria - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):153-154.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology” by Claire Petitmengin. Upshot: Why has the neurophenomenological approach not been adopted as a common and even obligatory tool in the study of consciousness? I suggest that the problem with the neurophenomenological approach is its effectiveness on the one hand and its almost impossible demands from the scientist on the other: One cannot accept the neurophenomenological approach without rejecting not only the paradigm of cognitive science, (...)
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  90.  3
    Varela as the Uncanny.Y. Ataria - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):153-154.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology” by Claire Petitmengin. Upshot: Why has the neurophenomenological approach not been adopted as a common and even obligatory tool in the study of consciousness? I suggest that the problem with the neurophenomenological approach is its effectiveness on the one hand and its almost impossible demands from the scientist on the other: One cannot accept the neurophenomenological approach without rejecting not only the paradigm of cognitive science, (...)
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  91.  8
    Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase.C. Baquedano & C. Fabar - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):166-179.
    Context: The integration of data measured in first- and third-person frameworks is a challenge that becomes more prominent as we attempt to refine the ties between the dimensions we assume to be objective and our experience itself. As a result, cognitive science has been a target for criticism from the epistemological and methodological point of view, which has resulted in the emergence of new approaches. Neurophenomenology has been proposed as a means to address these limitations. The methodological application of this (...)
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  92.  8
    Author’s Response: Multiple Views in Search of Unifying Models.C. Baquedano & C. Fabar - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):186-189.
    Upshot: We respond to three main challenges that the commentaries have raised. Firstly, we clarify our misunderstood intention of introducing a newcomer to the neurophenomenological family. Rather, we situate our approach under the broader umbrella of phenomenology. Secondly, we argue that from our empirical position it is questionable that the strategy we pursued in the target article left the black box of consciousness completely closed. Thirdly, we argue that the subjective fluctuations that may appear as outcomes in an experimental paradigm (...)
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  93.  8
    Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase.C. Baquedano & C. Fabar - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):166-179.
    Context: The integration of data measured in first- and third-person frameworks is a challenge that becomes more prominent as we attempt to refine the ties between the dimensions we assume to be objective and our experience itself. As a result, cognitive science has been a target for criticism from the epistemological and methodological point of view, which has resulted in the emergence of new approaches. Neurophenomenology has been proposed as a means to address these limitations. The methodological application of this (...)
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  94.  15
    Radical Neurophenomenology: We Cannot Solve the Problems Using the Same Kind of Thinking We Used When We Created Them.A. Berkovich-Ohana - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):156-159.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology” by Claire Petitmengin. Upshot: The neurophenomenological project is too ambitious technically, but highly appealing on the philosophical level, as can be learned from the extremely high ratio between theoretical and empirical work concerning neurophenomenology accumulated thus far. While “radical” neurophenomenology could possibly create, in highly unique projects, “mutual generative constraints,” will the hard problem be dissolved? I argue that although using micro phenomenology, as long as (...)
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  95.  12
    Phenoneurology.M. Bitbol - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):150-153.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology” by Claire Petitmengin. Upshot: Petitmengin’s strategy of dissolution of the “hard problem” of consciousness is shown to rely on some radical phenomenological premises that are listed and analyzed. It presupposes a starting point of research in a state of epoché ; it unfolds into a participatory conception of truth; and it ends in a quest for non-dual pristine experience. Each one of these moves is endorsed (...)
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  96.  14
    Musical Emotions Emerge From the Interaction of Factors in the Music, the Person, and the Context.J. Cespedes-Guevara - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):229-231.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Body Awareness to Recognize Feelings: The Exploration of a Musical Emotional Experience” by Alejandra Vásquez-Rosati. Upshot: A complete account of musical emotions implies examining how factors in the music, the situation, and the person interact, producing objective and subjective changes on affective, bodily and cognitive levels simultaneously. Therefore, a first-person phenomenological method can only provide a limited understanding of these experiences.
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  97.  7
    Modelling Subjectivity and Uncertainty in “Real World” Settings.A. Ciaunica - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):184-185.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase” by Constanza Baquedano & Catalina Fabar. Upshot: The authors show in their pilots how open it is to participants not to obey the instructions during an experiment. Their findings leave us to choose between two options: either we accept that subjective confounds are inevitable and stronger than we think, but in this case, why should we continue trying to measure (...)
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  98.  4
    Modelling Subjectivity and Uncertainty in “Real World” Settings.A. Ciaunica - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):184-185.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase” by Constanza Baquedano & Catalina Fabar. Upshot: The authors show in their pilots how open it is to participants not to obey the instructions during an experiment. Their findings leave us to choose between two options: either we accept that subjective confounds are inevitable and stronger than we think, but in this case, why should we continue trying to measure (...)
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  99.  9
    Has the Philosopher’s Stone of the Interaction Between First- and Third-Person Data Finally Been Found?L. Ciechanowski - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):203-205.
    Open peer commentary on the article “A First-Person Analysis Using Third Person-Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression” by Natalie Depraz, Maria Gyemant & Thomas Desmidt. Upshot: I present a critical review of Depraz et al.’s target article and its promise to provide a novel “generative method” of analyzing first-person micro-phenomenological interviews using third-person physiological data. I argue that although indeed promising, the generative method may still be haunted by the issues pertaining to the other (...)
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  100.  12
    A First-Person Analysis Using Third-Person Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression.N. Depraz, M. Gyemant & T. Desmidt - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):190-203.
    Context: The use of first-person micro-phenomenological interviews and their productive interaction with third-person physiological data is a challenging and pressing issue in order to offer an effective and fruitful application of Varela’s neurophenomenological hypothesis. Problem: We aim at offering a generative method of analysis of first-person micro-phenomenological interviews using third-person physiological data. Our challenge is to describe this generative first-person analysis with the third-person physiological framework rather than put Varela’s hypothesis into practice in a generative way (as we did in (...)
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  101.  10
    Author’s Response: Situating Generative First-Person Analysis Within Neuro-, Micro-, Cardio- and Transcendental Phenomenology Natalie Depraz at Al.N. Depraz, M. Gyemant & T. Desmidt - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):214-218.
    Upshot: Thanks to the commentaries we have been able to further clarify the situation of generative first-person analysis in the general framework of neurophenomenology and more specifically of cardio-phenomenology as its extension and reformulation. We have also provided more detailed information about the way phenomenology as transcendental philosophy is genuinely operating as a practice in cardio-phenomenology and has a central function regarding the creation of categories and their suspensive questioning thanks to the epoché method. We have also drawn great benefits (...)
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  102.  9
    A First-Person Analysis Using Third-Person Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression.N. Depraz, M. Gyemant & T. Desmidt - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):190-203.
    Context: The use of first-person micro-phenomenological interviews and their productive interaction with third-person physiological data is a challenging and pressing issue in order to offer an effective and fruitful application of Varela’s neurophenomenological hypothesis. Problem: We aim at offering a generative method of analysis of first-person micro-phenomenological interviews using third-person physiological data. Our challenge is to describe this generative first-person analysis with the third-person physiological framework rather than put Varela’s hypothesis into practice in a generative way (as we did in (...)
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  103.  6
    Progress in First-Person Method: A Few Steps Forward, a Few Steps Back.D. G. Gozli - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):205-206.
    Open peer commentary on the article “A First-Person Analysis Using Third Person-Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression” by Natalie Depraz, Maria Gyemant & Thomas Desmidt. Upshot: Supplementing physiological measures with first-person data involves several benefits and challenges. The collection and analysis of the two types of data might not be optimal within the same procedural framework. Therefore, the synthesis of the two remains problematic.
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  104.  6
    Plurality of Consciousness Appearances - Plurality of Methods.K. Pavlov-Pinus - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):182-184.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase” by Constanza Baquedano & Catalina Fabar. Upshot: Baquedano and Fabar’s provoking article highlights several difficulties of neurophenomenology, and brings into light the necessity of further clarification of its basic concepts such as human experience, first-person perspective, phenomenological validation, explanation, adequate measurement and so on. Particularly, it becomes more and more clear that the “explanatory gap” cannot be liquidated by means (...)
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  105.  3
    Plurality of Consciousness Appearances - Plurality of Methods.K. Pavlov-Pinus - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):182-184.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase” by Constanza Baquedano & Catalina Fabar. Upshot: Baquedano and Fabar’s provoking article highlights several difficulties of neurophenomenology, and brings into light the necessity of further clarification of its basic concepts such as human experience, first-person perspective, phenomenological validation, explanation, adequate measurement and so on. Particularly, it becomes more and more clear that the “explanatory gap” cannot be liquidated by means (...)
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  106.  5
    The Resonant Biology of Emotion.K. Peil Kauffman - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):232-233.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Body Awareness to Recognize Feelings: The Exploration of a Musical Emotional Experience” by Alejandra Vásquez-Rosati. Upshot: The enactment view echoes the deeper biology and chemistry of emotion. Music resonates innately because emotional evaluation is the evolutionary grandfather of all senses.
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  107.  4
    The Resonant Biology of Emotion.K. Peil Kauffman - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):232-233.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Body Awareness to Recognize Feelings: The Exploration of a Musical Emotional Experience” by Alejandra Vásquez-Rosati. Upshot: The enactment view echoes the deeper biology and chemistry of emotion. Music resonates innately because emotional evaluation is the evolutionary grandfather of all senses.
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  108.  32
    Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology.C. Petitmengin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):139-147.
    Context: The founding idea of neurophenomenology is that in order to progress in the understanding of the human mind, it is indispensable to integrate a disciplined study of human experience in cognitive neuroscience, an integration which is also presented as a methodological remedy for the “hard problem” of consciousness. Problem: Does neurophenomenology succeed in solving the hard problem? Method: I distinguish two interpretations and implementations of neurophenomenology: a light or “mild” neurophenomenology, which aims at building correlations between first-person descriptions and (...)
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  109.  11
    Author’s Response: Discovering the Microgenesis of the Hard Problem.C. Petitmengin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):159-165.
    Upshot: My answer focuses on two issues raised by the commentaries that it is essential to clarify in order to understand what radical neurophenomenology implies: Does radical neurophenomenology means stopping doing science? Does radical neurophenomenology require an intersubjective agreement on a method for investigating lived experience?
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  110.  7
    Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology.C. Petitmengin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):139-147.
    Context: The founding idea of neurophenomenology is that in order to progress in the understanding of the human mind, it is indispensable to integrate a disciplined study of human experience in cognitive neuroscience, an integration which is also presented as a methodological remedy for the “hard problem” of consciousness. Problem: Does neurophenomenology succeed in solving the hard problem? Method: I distinguish two interpretations and implementations of neurophenomenology: a light or “mild” neurophenomenology, which aims at building correlations between first-person descriptions and (...)
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  111.  10
    Unforeseen Influences on the Classification of Categories Reflecting the Structure of Experience.B. Pierce - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):206-208.
    Open peer commentary on the article “A First-Person Analysis Using Third Person-Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression” by Natalie Depraz, Maria Gyemant & Thomas Desmidt. Upshot: The generative method outlined in the target article produces some interesting results, demonstrating the value of cardio-phenomenology. The proposed division of categories reflecting the structure of experience into sub-categories suggests that prior theoretical commitments may have influenced the process of analysis in ways the authors might not have foreseen (...)
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  112.  10
    A Newcomer to the Neurophenomenological Family?J. -M. Roy - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):180-182.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase” by Constanza Baquedano & Catalina Fabar. Upshot: Demonstrating the relevance of collecting first-person data and of establishing reciprocal constraints between this these data and behavioral data to overcome the issue of behavioral data replication is an interesting result. However, this result, as such, falls short of offering any theoretical reorientation of the neurophenomenological project, strictly understood.
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  113.  1
    A Newcomer to the Neurophenomenological Family?J. -M. Roy - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):180-182.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Modeling Subjects’ Experience While Modeling the Experimental Design: A Mild-Neurophenomenology-Inspired Approach in the Piloting Phase” by Constanza Baquedano & Catalina Fabar. Upshot: Demonstrating the relevance of collecting first-person data and of establishing reciprocal constraints between this these data and behavioral data to overcome the issue of behavioral data replication is an interesting result. However, this result, as such, falls short of offering any theoretical reorientation of the neurophenomenological project, strictly understood.
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  114.  10
    Refining the Model for Emotion Research: A 4E Perspective.D. Schyff - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):227-229.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Body Awareness to Recognize Feelings: The Exploration of a Musical Emotional Experience” by Alejandra Vásquez-Rosati. Upshot: While generally supportive of the aims of Vásquez-Rosati’s target article, I suggest that it contains some theoretical and methodological shortcomings that could be addressed in future work. I also argue that if the author wishes to produce research that properly engages the enactivist perspective, then a number of additional dimensions are required. With this in mind, I outline the (...)
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  115.  23
    What Is It Like to Be Conscious? Towards Solving the Hard Problem.J. Stewart - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):155-156.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology” by Claire Petitmengin. Upshot: Mild” neurophenomenology does not solve the “hard problem” of consciousness; in a way it actually aggravates it. “Radical” neurophenomenology “dissolves” the hard problem. However, I suggest that it may be premature to give up on actually solving the hard problem; and indicate several lines of research that are still open.
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  116.  6
    On Mutual Enrichment Between First- and Third-Person Sciences and Phenomenological Methodology.T. Strle - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):208-210.
    Open peer commentary on the article “A First-Person Analysis Using Third Person-Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression” by Natalie Depraz, Maria Gyemant & Thomas Desmidt. Upshot: In the first part of the commentary, I argue that the some of the main objectives of Depraz et al.’s target article remain somewhat unfulfilled. In the second part, I touch upon and briefly discuss the issue of what constitutes a valid method of researching experience.
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  117.  18
    Building a Science of Experience: Neurophenomenology and Related Disciplines.C. Valenzuela-Moguillansky, A. Vásquez-Rosati & A. Riegler - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):131-138.
    Context: More than 20 years ago Varela initiated a research program to advance in the scientific study of consciousness, neurophenomenology. Problem: Has Varela’s neurophenomenology, the solution to the “hard problem,” been successful? Which issues remain unresolved, and why? Method: This introduction sketches the progress that has been made since then and links it to the contributions to this special issue. Results: Instead of a unified research field, today we find a variety of different interpretations and implementations of neurophenomenology. We argue (...)
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  118.  10
    Body Awareness to Recognize Feelings: The Exploration of a Musical Emotional Experience.A. Vásquez-Rosati - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):219-226.
    Context: The current study of emotions is based on theoretical models that limit the emotional experience. The collection of emotional data is through self-report questionnaires, restricting the description of emotional experience to broad concepts or induced preconceived qualities of how an emotion should be felt. Problem: Are the emotional experiences responding exclusively to these concepts and dimensions? Method: Music was used to lead participants into an emotional experience. Then a micro-phenomenological interview, a methodology with a phenomenological approach, was used to (...)
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  119.  10
    Author’s Response: Beyond the Boundaries of Third-Person Methods in Emotion Research: The Accuracy of the Micro-Phenomenological Interview.A. Vásquez-Rosati - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):233-238.
    Upshot: The micro-phenomenological interview is a methodology that enables us to accurately guide subjects in describing an emotional experience. With this guide, it is possible to know the structure of a particular experience, which is helpful to understand the different processes related to it. The incorporation of the micro-phenomenological interview into emotion research can extend the limits set until now by third-person methodologies and give an integral comprehension of emotions.
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  120.  8
    Enacting Enaction: Conceptual Nest or Existential Mutation?S. Vörös - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):148-150.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology” by Claire Petitmengin. Upshot: I reflect and expand upon three aspects of Petitmengin’s illuminating article. After contrasting existential and theoretical views of neurophenomenology, I embed Petitmengin’s account of the experiential dissolution of the hard problem of consciousness into a larger framework by drawing parallels with previous experiments on unitive/non-dual experiences raise the question of how seriously we are willing to take the pragmatics of investigating and (...)
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  121.  7
    Supersizing Third-Person, Downsizing First-Person Approaches?S. Vörös - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):210-212.
    Open peer commentary on the article “A First-Person Analysis Using Third Person-Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression” by Natalie Depraz, Maria Gyemant & Thomas Desmidt. Upshot: In my commentary, I try to examine whether, and how, the approach presented by Depraz, Gyemant & Desmidt lines up with Varela’s neurophenomenology. I focus on the neural and phenomenological dimensions, respectively, arguing that the end result is somewhat of a mixed bag: if it paves the way for (...)
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  122.  5
    Enacting Enaction: Conceptual Nest or Existential Mutation?S. Vörös - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):148-150.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Enaction as a Lived Experience: Towards a Radical Neurophenomenology” by Claire Petitmengin. Upshot: I reflect and expand upon three aspects of Petitmengin’s illuminating article. After contrasting existential and theoretical views of neurophenomenology, I embed Petitmengin’s account of the experiential dissolution of the hard problem of consciousness into a larger framework by drawing parallels with previous experiments on unitive/non-dual experiences raise the question of how seriously we are willing to take the pragmatics of investigating and (...)
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  123.  7
    “A New Scientific Phenomenology”? Questions About the Evolution of a Phenomenological Endeavor.N. Zaslawski - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (2):212-213.
    Open peer commentary on the article “A First-Person Analysis Using Third Person-Data as a Generative Method: A Case Study of Surprise in Depression” by Natalie Depraz, Maria Gyemant & Thomas Desmidt. Upshot: Given the claims of Natalie Depraz regarding what she called in 2004 the “practical turn of phenomenology,” I ask the authors how they conceive the research they presented in their 2017 article, particularly regarding transcendental phenomenology.
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