Humana Mente

ISSN: 1972-1293

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  1.  26
    The Possible Relationship Between Law and Ethics in the Context of Artificial Intelligence Regulation.Livia Aulino, Maria Cristina Gaeta & Emiliano Troisi - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
    The latest academic discussion has focused on the potential and risks associated with technological systems. In this perspective, defining a set of legal rules could be the priority but this action appears extremely difficult at the European level and, therefore, in the last years, a set of ethical principles contained in many different documents has been published. The need to develop trustworthy and human-centric AI technologies is accomplished by creating these two types of rule sets: legal and ethical. The paper (...)
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  2.  13
    Foundational Questions About Values in Information Technology.Fiorella Battaglia - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
    In the contemporary debate about values, information technology constitutes an important source of hard ethical questions and in turn is a testing area for the moral theory of values. Values are difficult to track down and yet there are a number of inquiries starting from economics, social psychology, ethics, and political theory that engage with the cognitive, epistemic, and moral status of values. This paper is a contribution to an account of values in connection with information technology. It argues that (...)
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  3.  17
    Ethics in Robotics and Intelligent Machines.Fiorella Battaglia, Barbara Henry & Alberto Pirni - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
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  4.  25
    Hybrid Ethics for Generative AI: Some Philosophical Inquiries on GANs.Antonio Carnevale, Claudia Falchi Delgado & Piercosma Bisconti - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
    Until now, the mass spread of fake news and its negative consequences have implied mainly textual content towards a loss of citizens' trust in institutions. Recently, a new type of machine learning framework has arisen, Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) – a class of deep neural network models capable of creating multimedia content (photos, videos, audio) that simulate accurate content with extreme precision. While there are several areas of worthwhile application of GANs – e.g., in the field of audio-visual production, human-computer (...)
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  5.  19
    Technological Unemployment and Meaning in Life, a Buen Vivir Critique of the Virtual Utopia.Ignacio Cea, Anja Lueje Seeger & Thomas Wachter - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
    In this article, we address the problem of the potential crisis in people’s life’s meaning due to massive automation-driven technological unemployment. Assuming that the problem of (re)distribution of economic resources to the whole of society in such a scenario will be solved (e.g. through provision of a Universal Basic Income), the question arises concerning the meaning of people’s lives in a world in which almost everyone does not have to (or even could not) work in order to live. Here, we (...)
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  6.  19
    Ecosystem Based on an Extended and Responsible Ethics for Mobile Robots and Artificial Intelligence in Cuba.Giovanni Fernández Valdés - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
    Our main hypothesis is that an extended moral agent cannot fulfill their expectation of “extendedness” without a dynamical and evolutionary ecosystem where the agent develops and behave properly. It is important to establish a bridge between extended moral agents and ecosystems for two reasons: first, because there is not an enough direct theoretical reflection about this link. The scholars focus has been independently in improving the “extended agent theory”, the concepts of “ecosystem” or “ecosystem of innovation”. Second, if we want (...)
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  7.  21
    The Ethical Dimension of Artificial Intelligence: Biometric Identity and Human Behaviour.Ughetta Vergari & Gianpasquale Preite - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44).
    The debate over the ethical repercussions of Artificial Intelligence (AI) cannot disregard the “sum total of ideas that bring into evidence a system of ethical reference that justifies that profound dimension of technology as a central element in the attainment of a ‘finalized’ perfection of man”(Galvan 2001). This implies an analysis of the ancient processes that might help to understand the complexities of contemporary society and the new challenges posed to human development. Being at the core of the dichotomy between (...)
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  8. Robots, Eldercare and Meaningful Lives.Russell J. Woodruff & Cholavardan Kondeti - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (44):123-137.
    In this paper we examine how the use of robots in caring for elders can impact the meaningfulness of elders’ lives. We present a framework for understanding ‘meaningfulness in life’, and then apply that framework in discussing ways in which the use of robots to assist in activities of daily living can preserve, enhance or undermine the meaningfulness of elders’ lives. We conclude with a discussion of if and how having false beliefs about companion robots can affect meaningfulness in the (...)
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  9.  14
    The Concept of Time in Husserlian Phenomenology and Quantum Physics.Alberto Giovanni Biuso - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    Through a comparison between phenomenology and quantum physics, the paper aims to show that naturalising phenomenology can also mean bringing it into a critical and fruitful relationship with some of the most complex and fundamental questions of contemporary physics, thus showing both the truly ever-open potential of Husserlian and Heideggerian thinking and the need for the sciences to receive a theoretical light without which they risk remaining either magical, arbitrary and esoteric knowledge or technical, reductionist and epistemologically sterile.
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  10.  18
    Transcendental Phenomenology of Dementia. A ‘Mutual Enlightenment’ Concrete Proposition.Federico Carlassara - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    This contribution aims to be a concrete proof of how fertile, rich and innovative dialogue and confrontation between transcendental phenomenology and naturalising sciences can be. Through the phenomenological-transcendental analysis of the neurodegenerative pathology of dementia, an attempt will be made to propose, within the debate on the possible naturalisation of phenomenology, the perspective of an actual mutual enlightenment, as proposed by Gallagher. Not a naturalisation of consciousness in the sense of a reduction to neural process, but a pluralisation of the (...)
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  11.  12
    A Mildly Naturalized Husserlian Framework for Embodied Cognitive Science.Edoardo Fugali - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    In this contribution I aim at developing some critical considerations about the possibility of establishing a dialogue between Husserlian phenomenology and embodied cognitive science to which both partners can participate with equal dignity, apart from any concession to radical forms of naturalism. Phenomenology and cognitive science are different theoretical enterprises, each of which relies autonomously on its own methods and categorial apparatus. This does not prevent of course that both disciplines can influence each other by exerting some kind of constraints. (...)
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  12.  11
    The Functional and Embodied Nature of Pre-reflective Self-consciousness.Klaus Gärtner - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    Being conscious or experiencing the world with all its vivid qualities is something humans intimately cherish. The fact that consciousness provides us with a lively phenomenology is what makes life worth living. Yet, when it comes to understanding how consciousness fits into the natural world, we feel deeply puzzled. In this context, one important claim about consciousness consists in the idea that our awareness is not only about the world but also reveals an intimate subjectivity. This aspect of phenomenal consciousness (...)
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  13.  17
    Naturalizing Phenomenology: What Could it Mean Today?Andrea Pace Giannotta & Francesco Pisano - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
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  14. The Perks of Understanding and the case with the Experience of Time in Depression.Pedro Afonso Gouveia - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    The methodological differences of understanding, versus explaining, have been at the centre of a century-long methodenstreit debate (and disagreement) among philosophers and scientists. Karl Jaspers managed to import this discussion to the realm of psychiatry and psychopathology in a significant, but unresolved, manner. Side-tracked by the advent of various changes in psychiatry during the 20th century, phenomenology and philosophy of psychiatry have made a comeback in the last decades and, since then, developed new contributions to this subject. Quite similarly, the (...)
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  15.  22
    Evolution and Esthesiology: Seeing the Eye through Merleau-Ponty’s Nature and Logos Lectures.Hayden Kee - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    In his late lecture course titled “Nature and Logos: The Human Body” (1959-1960), Merleau-Ponty proposed that we understand human symbolism, language, and reason by viewing the human being initially as a variant on animal embodiment and perception prior to being a rational animal. To elaborate this project, he outlined an “esthesiology” informed by the study of evolution. However, in the sketches that survive of “Nature and Logos,” we find neither a detailed explanation of how Merleau-Ponty understood this approach nor its (...)
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  16.  14
    Naturalizing Negation. A Challenge for Cognitive Phenomenology about Phenomenological Possess Conditions of Logical Vocabulary.Felice Masi - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    The negation constitutes one of the main troubles for attempts to naturalise the semantics of the logical vocabulary, as shown by the problems related to the interpretation of disjunction in the treatment of error (Fodor) or to the definition of contraries in the analysis of reidentification abilities (Millikan). There seems to be no way out between “no (naturalized) negation, no grip of logic on the world” and “no (truth-functional) negation, no logic”. Unexpected help may come from the cognitive phenomenology of (...)
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  17.  30
    Husserl and Heidegger on Galileo’s Mathematization of Nature and the Crisis of the Sciences.Tim Miechels - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    The sciences are in a state of crisis. Due to factors like hyperspecialization and an all too naive and uncritical faith in their own method, the sciences have lost sight of their initial goal. The idea that sciences are in a state of crisis can of course famously be found in Edmund Husserl’s Crisis of the European Sciences. What is less well-known, however, is that Martin Heidegger also discusses and analyzes a crisis of the sciences in his 1928/29 lecture course (...)
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  18.  17
    Natural Epistemology.Alberto Peruzzi & Francesco Pisano - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    I now intend to return to Husserl’s argument against psychologism in logic, aiming to frame it within the broader antinaturalistic controversy and see how recent proposals of a natural (or naturalized) epistemology could affect it.
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  19.  13
    Sleep and the limits of naturalization. An exercise in Grenzphänomenologie.Celeste Vecino & Bernardo Ainbinder - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    In this paper, we examine the metaphilosophical relevance of the phenomenon of sleep, suggesting that it has the potential to not only enrich the analysis of limit cases but also to test some of the ideas concerning the possibility of naturalizing phenomenology and its limits. Insofar as sleeping allows for both a first personal and a third personal description and challenges the usual primacy of the first-person point of view, exploring sleeping under the prism of its import for the phenomenological (...)
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  20.  18
    Neurophenomenology Revisited: From Naturalism to Dialectics.Sebastjan Vörös - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    In this paper, I examine the prospect of naturalizing phenomenology within the framework of Francisco Varela’s neurophenomenology. In doing so, I follow two main objectives. The first is exegetical. Namely, there is a pronounced discrepancy between Varela’s earlier works on neurophenomenology and his later works on naturalizing phenomenology, with the former receiving considerable scholarly attention and the latter remaining comparatively unknown. This discrepancy is further exacerbated by the fact that, due to his untimely death, Varela failed to produce a comprehensive (...)
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  21.  16
    Naturalism and the Ethical Meaning of Phenomenology.Andrea Zhok - 2023 - Humana Mente 16 (43).
    The search for spaces of cooperation between the methodology of natural sciences (cognitive sciences in particular) and the phenomenological approach has gained importance over time. However, it is necessary not to lose sight of the fact that Husserlian phenomenology was first and foremost characterized by a profound critique of ontological naturalism, a critique crucial for understanding the ethical sense of the phenomenological operation. To clarify this point, it is necessary to clarify the problematic role that naturalism has played - and (...)
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