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  1.  9
    Précis: Our Moral Fate: Evolution And The Escape From Tribalism.Allen Buchanan - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):443-448.
    The book uses evolutionary principles to explain tribalism, a way of thinking and acting that divides the world into Us versus Them and achieves cooperation within a group at the expense of erecting insuperable obstacles to cooperation among groups. Tribalism represents political controversies as supreme emergencies in which ordinary moral constraints do not apply and as zero-sum, winner take all contests. Tribalism not only undermines democracy by ruling out compromise, bargaining, and respect for the Other; it also reverses one of (...)
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  2.  1
    Expertise as a Form of Knowledge: A Response to Quast.Steve Fuller - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):431-442.
    Christian Quast has presented what he describes as a ‘role-functional’ account of expertise as a form of knowledge that purports to take into account prior discussions within recent analytic social epistemology and allied fields. I argue that his scrupulousness results in a confused version of the role-functional account, which I try to remedy by presenting a ‘clean’ account that clearly distinguishes such an account from what Quast calls a ‘competence-driven’ one. The key point of my account is that ‘competence’ pertains (...)
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  3. Measuring Social Norms in Economics: Why It Is Important and How It Is Done.Luise Görges & Daniele Nosenzo - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):285-312.
    Experimental economics offers new tools for the measurement of social norms. In this article, we argue that these advances have the potential to promote our understanding of human behavior in fundamental ways, by expanding our knowledge beyond what we learn by simply observing human behavior. We highlight how these advancements can inform not only economic and social theory, but also policymaking.We then describe and critically assess three approaches used in economics to measure social norms. We conclude our overview with a (...)
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  4.  2
    Varieties of Tribalism in the Laboratory.Shaun P. Hargreaves Heap - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):449-466.
    This paper uses evidence from laboratory experiments to identify a variety of tribalisms. This is important because some tribalisms encourage zerosum thinking and others do not; and some are not developed by Buchanan. This, in turn, supplies new insights into Buchanan’s project of identifying the kinds of environment that encourage his sense of moral progress. In particular, current levels of inequality become a significant barrier to moral progress not only because they create an economic form of tribalist zero-sum thinking but (...)
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  5. Altruistic Punishment: The Golden Keystone of Human Cooperation and Social Stability?Peter Lewisch - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):255-284.
    ‘Altruistic punishment’ could serve, as suggested by the pertinent experimental literature, as a powerful enforcer of social norms. This paper discusses foundations, extensions, and, in particular, limits and open questions of this concept-and it does so mostly based on experimental evidence provided by the author. Inter alia, the paper relates the literature on negative emotions as a trigger of second party punishment to more recent experimental findings on the phenomenon of ‘spontaneous cooperation’ and ‘spontaneous punishment’ and demonstrates its emotional basis. (...)
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  6.  3
    The Meaning of Mass Atrocities Beyond Our Moral Fate.Paul Morrow - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):467-484.
    Philosophical accounts of moral progress commonly acknowledge the problem of mass atrocities. But the implications of such events for our ability to perceive, and achieve, progress are rarely considered in detail. This paper aims to address this gap. The paper takes as its starting point Allen Buchanan’s evolutionary theory of moral progress in his 2020 book Our Moral Fate. Through critical analysis of Buchanan’s theory, the paper shows that moral philosophers seeking to draw evidence from atrocities must pay closer attention (...)
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  7.  1
    What a Theory of Social Norms and Institutions Should Look Like: Experimental Economics, Rational Choice Sociology, and the Explanation of Normative Phenomena.Karl-Dieter Opp - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):313-342.
    In the previous issue of Analyse & Kritik Alexander Vostroknutov aims at a ‘synthesis’ of economics with ‘psychology, sociology, and evolutionary human biology.’ This paper argues that his approach needs to be complemented at least by work from sociologists and social psychologists. Starting with problems of defining and measuring norms it is then claimed that a theory of norms should address the origin, change and effects of norms and model micromacro processes. This should also be the goal of a theory (...)
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  8. On How Expertise Ascriptions Work.Christian Quast - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):399-430.
    Expertise is often ascribed to persons who are considered exceptionally competent in a particular subject matter. In contrast to this traditional approach, the present paper introduces a contextual understanding of expertise ascriptions. More precisely, this paper introduces two different kinds of contextuality by advancing and advocating the thesis that expertise ascriptions are true if and only if their content within their context of use is true against standards in the context of assessment. This means that expertise ascriptions have indexical content (...)
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  9.  1
    Social Integration and Right-Wing Populist Voting in Germany: How Subjective Social Marginalization Affects Support for the AfD.Patrick Sachweh - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):369-398.
    Electoral support for right-wing populist parties is typically explained either by economic deprivation or cultural grievances. Attempting to bring economic and cultural explanations together, recent approaches have suggested to conceptualize right-wing populist support as a problem of social integration. Applying this perspective to the German case, this article investigates whether weak subjective social integration-or subjective social marginalization, respectively-is associated with the intention to vote for the AfD. Furthermore, it asks whether the strength of this association varies across income groups. Based (...)
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  10. The Legitimacy of Groups: Toward a We-Reasoning View.Agnes Tam - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (2):343-368.
    In liberal political philosophy, a prevalent view holds that groups are typically voluntary associations. Members of voluntary associations can accept, revise or reject group practices as a matter of choice. In this article, I challenge this view. Appealing to the concept of joint commitment developed in philosophy of social science, I argue that individuals who jointly commit their wills to a goal or a belief form a ‘We’-group. Members of ‘We’-groups are under an obligation to defer to ‘Our’ will embodied (...)
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  11.  6
    Luck Egalitarianism and Relational Egalitarianism: An Internal Tension in Cohen’s Theory of Justice.Jiangjin Chen - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):219-240.
    Relational Egalitarianism focuses on the construction of equal social relationships between persons. It strongly opposes luck egalitarianism, which understands equality as a distributive ideal. In Cohen’s theory of justice, luck egalitarianism and relational egalitarianism simultaneously exist, and Cohen provides arguments corresponding to each. In this paper, we explore the manifestation of tension between these two forms of egalitarianism in his theory. In addition, we also reconstruct some possible solutions provided by Cohen to soften this tension, including the three approaches of (...)
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  12.  2
    Incentivized Measurement of Social Norms Using Coordination Games.Hande Erkut - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):97-106.
    Social norms are important determinants of behavior. Hence, we need reliable methods to identify them in order to increase the predictive and explanatory power of models that aim to predict human behavior. In this paper, I will focus on a norm measurement method proposed by Krupka and Weber. In particular, I will discuss whether social norms elicited using this method are malleable, and whether these norms are good predictors of behavior.
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  13.  3
    Distributive Justice in the Lab: Testing the Binding Role of Agreement.Pedro Francés-Gómez, Laura Marcon & Marco Faillo - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):107-136.
    Lorenzo Sacconi and his coauthors have put forward the hypothesis that impartial agreements on distributive rules may generate a conditional preference for conformity. The observable effect of this preference would be compliance with fair distributive rules chosen behind a veil of ignorance, even in the absence of external coercion. This paper uses a Dictator Game with production and taking option to compare two ways in which the device of the veil of ignorance may be thought to generate a motivation for, (...)
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  14.  4
    Economic and Sociological Accounts of Social Norms.Hartmut Kliemt - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):41-96.
    Classifying accounts of institutionalized social norms that rely on individual rule-following as ‘sociological’ and accounts based on individual opportunity-seeking behavior as ‘economic’, the paper rejects purely economic accounts on theoretical grounds. Explaining the realworkings of institutionalized social norms and social order exclusively in terms of self-regarding opportunityseeking individual behavior is impossible. An integrated sociological approach to the so-called Hobbesian problem of social order that incorporates opportunityseeking along with rule-following behavior is necessary. Such an approach emerges on the horizon if economic (...)
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  15.  2
    Equality and Merit. Through Experiments to Normative Justice.Anton Leist - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):137-170.
    When we want to justify claims against one another, we discover that conceptual thought alone is not sufficient to legitimize property and income in the relative and proper proportions among members of a productive group. Instead, the basis for justification should also be seen in motivational states, validated less by rational thought than by an effective behaviour. To circumnavigate otherwise dangerously utopian claims to justice, the social sciences, and especially behavioural economics, are the most reliable basis for normative distributive justice. (...)
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  16.  2
    Moral Progress: Improvement of Moral Concepts, Refinements of Moral Motivation.Gertrud Nunner-Winkler - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):171-190.
    In their recent book Buchanan and Powell claim that there is moral progress. Their analysis focuses on increasing inclusiveness, yet they also suggest other dimensions as possible indicators-improvements in the concept of morality and refinements in moral motivation. In the following I present empirical data on changes in moral understanding that occurred during the second half of the 20th century in Germany. These changes concern an increasing delimitation of the moral realm, the rise of an ethics of responsibility, the displacement (...)
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  17. Diversity and Decency.Beata Polanowska-Sygulska - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):241-254.
    George Crowder’s article makes an interesting contribution to the literature on value pluralism. Yet, as a commentary onmy essay it is entirely misconceived. Crowder’s reading of my text is inadequate, in terms of both the legal and the philosophical aspects of my argument. Having ascribed to me the belief that pluralism always favors cultural diversity against legal uniformity, he argues that a single uniform law may engender more value diversity than a multiplicity of local legal systems. This may indeed be (...)
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  18.  1
    Habermas’s Politics of Rational Freedom: Navigating the History of Philosophy Between Faith and Knowledge.Peter J. Verovšek - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):191-218.
    Despite his hostility to religion in his early career, since the turn of the century Habermas has devoted his research to the relationship between faith and knowledge. His two-volume Auch eine Geschichte der Philosophie is the culmination of this project. Spurred by the attacks of 9/11 and the growing conflict between religion and the forces of secularization, I argue that this philosophy of history is the centerpiece of an important turning point in Habermas’s intellectual development. Instead of interpreting religion merely (...)
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  19.  1
    Social Norms in Experimental Economics: Towards a Unified Theory of Normative Decision Making.Alexander Vostroknutov - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):3-40.
    Even though standard economic theory traditionally ignored any motives that may drive incentivized social decision making except for the maximization of personal consumption utility, the idea that ‘preferences for fairness’ might have an economically tangible impact appeared relatively early. I trace the evolution of these ideas from the first experiments on bargaining to the tests of the hypothesis that pro-sociality in general is driven by the desire to adhere to social norms. I show how a recent synthesis of economics approach (...)
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