13 found

Year:

  1.  5
    The Ethos of Science in Contemporary Poland.Jacek Bieliński & Aldona Tomczyńska - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):151-173.
    Modern science is moving away from Michael Polanyi’s vision of ‘the Republic of Science’ and gradually becoming subordinate to political and economic social institutions. This process is accompanied by changes in the normative structure of science. Poland provides an interesting case for empirical study of the scientific ethos mostly because in a relatively short time it experienced a significant reform of the science system, especially in terms of evaluating and financing scientific work. In this paper we examine whether different sets (...)
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  2.  3
    What Are Clinician Scientists Expected to Do? The Undefined Space for Professionalizable Work in Translational Biomedicine.Barbara Hendriks, Arno Simons & Martin Reinhart - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):219-237.
    Clinician scientists have gained institutional support in the era of translational research, as the key solution to closing the ‘translational gap’ between biomedical research and medical practice. However, clinician scientists remain an ‘endangered species’ in search of a secure niche, while new grants and training programs attempt to counteract their measurable decline in numbers over the past decades. Our study asks how an occupational space for clinician scientists is currently situated between the politics of translation, professional dynamics, and the specialization (...)
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  3.  4
    Variation in Valuation: How Research Groups Accumulate Credibility in Four Epistemic Cultures.Laurens K. Hessels, Thomas Franssen, Wout Scholten & Sarah de Rijcke - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):127-149.
    This paper aims to explore disciplinary variation in valuation practices by comparing the way research groups accumulate credibility across four epistemic cultures. Our analysis is based on case studies of four high-performing research groups representing very different epistemic cultures in humanities, social sciences, geosciences and mathematics. In each case we interviewed about ten researchers, analyzed relevant documents and observed a couple of meetings. In all four cases we found a cyclical process of accumulating credibility. At the same time, we found (...)
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  4.  5
    The Perception of Scientific Authorship Across Domains.David Johann & Sabrina Jasmin Mayer - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):175-196.
    We extend previous research by systematically investigating whether perceptions of scientific authorship vary between domains. Employing regulations for authorship of scientific journals as well as the Scientists Survey 2016 conducted by the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies, we provide a comprehensive picture of perceptions of scientific authorship across domains from the perspective of the supply side as well as the demand side. We find considerable differences in the perception of authorship across disciplines on both sides. Hence, (...)
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  5.  6
    Symbolic Violence in Academic Life: A Study on How Junior Scholars Are Educated in the Art of Getting Funded.Lambros Roumbanis - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):197-218.
    It is widely recognized that universities all around Europe have taken on a more market-oriented approach that has changed the core of academic work life. This has led to a precarious situation for many junior scholars, who have to seek research funding to cover their own wages in an increasingly fierce competition over scarce resources. Thus, at present, research funding is a Gordian knot that must be cut by each individual researcher. As a response to this situation, some Swedish universities (...)
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  6.  6
    Stress-Testing Europe: Normalizing the Post-Fukushima Crisis.Başak Saraç-Lesavre & Brice Laurent - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):239-260.
    The Fukushima accident was a crisis in Japan, and a crisis elsewhere. In Europe, the aftermath of Fukushima was a period of intense questioning, about how to ensure the safety of nuclear reactors, and how, at the same time, ensure the ability of the European Union to act as a consistent political actor in the face of potentially catastrophic risks. Using empirical material related to the post-Fukushima stress tests and the subsequent discussions about the European regulatory framework for nuclear safety, (...)
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  7.  5
    Esha Shah, Who is the Scientist-Subject? Affective History of the Gene.Henk van den Belt - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):261-264.
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  8.  14
    Docility as a Primary Virtue in Scientific Research.Louise Bezuidenhout, Emanuele Ratti, Nathaniel Warne & Dori Beeler - 2019 - Minerva 57 (1):67-84.
    Scientific epistemology is a topic that has sparked centuries of philosophical discourse. In particular, understanding the role that scientists play in the creation and perpetuation of scientific knowledge is a subject that continues to be hotly debated. A relative new-comer to scientific epistemology is the field of virtue epistemology, which positions knowledge creation as integrally linked to specific character traits held by the scientist. Positioning scientific research as a distinct practice, virtue epistemologists strive to understand what virtues foster robust knowledge (...)
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  9.  9
    The Prestige of Social Scientists in Spain and France: An Examination of Their H-Index Values Using Scopus and Google Scholar.Marcelo P. Dabós, Ernesto R. Gantman & Carlos J. Fernández Rodríguez - 2019 - Minerva 57 (1):47-66.
    We analyze the prestige of 1,500 scholars in economics, sociology, and management who have Spanish and French institutional affiliations operationalized by their h-index in Scopus and Google Scholar. We use a negative binomial count model to examine how some individual factors affect the h-index from both databases. The results show a non-monotonic relationship between the researchers’ career length and their h-index. There is a positive and statistically significant relationship between total research output and the h-index. The share of publications in (...)
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  10.  5
    Implementing the Triple Helix Model: Means-Ends Decoupling at the State Level?Myroslava Hladchenko & Romulo Pinheiro - 2019 - Minerva 57 (1):1-22.
    The Triple Helix is a global model originating in developed economies but less developed countries have also made attempts to implement it into their national contexts. Meanwhile, the national context can be characterised by means-ends decoupling at the state level which implies that policies and practices of the state are disconnected from its core goal of creating public welfare. It refers to the oligarchic economies in which the state is captured by exploitative, rent-seeking oligarchies in business and politics. Ukraine is (...)
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  11.  4
    The Incidence of and Returns to ‘Overeducation’: PIAAC Evidence on the G7.Geraint Johnes - 2019 - Minerva 57 (1):85-107.
    PIAAC data are used to evaluate the extent of overeducation in G7 countries. Incidence of overeducation is seen to vary systematically with a number of demographic characteristics. The impact of overeducation on remuneration is then estimated using quantile regression. This impact is observed to be minor, suggesting that while some individuals have qualifications in excess of those required to undertake their job, their additional human capital is nonetheless rewarded. Care therefore needs to be taken in interpreting measures of overeducation.
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  12.  8
    Strategically Unclear? Organising Interdisciplinarity in an Excellence Programme of Interdisciplinary Research in Denmark.Katrine Lindvig & Line Hillersdal - 2019 - Minerva 57 (1):23-46.
    While interdisciplinarity is not a new concept, the political and discursive mobilisation of interdisciplinarity is. Since the 1990s, this movement has intensified, and this has affected central funding bodies so that interdisciplinarity is now a de facto requirement in successful grant application. As a result, the literature is ripe with definitions, taxonomies, discussions and other attempts to grasp and define the concept of interdisciplinarity. In this paper, we explore how strategic demands for interdisciplinarity meet, interact with and change local research (...)
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  13.  10
    Countering Expert Uncertainty: Rhetorical Strategies From the Case of Value-Added Modeling in Teacher Evaluation.Glory Tobiason - 2019 - Minerva 57 (1):109-126.
    This study investigates how uncertainty works in science policy debates by considering an unusual case: one in which uncertainty-based arguments for delay come from the scientific community, rather than industry actors. The case I present is the central use of value-added modeling in the evaluation of individual teachers, a controversial trend in education reform. In order to understand how policy actors might counter inconvenient statements of uncertainty from experts, I analyze speeches from Education Secretary Arne Duncan, a committed and influential (...)
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