15 found

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  1.  8
    Does Academia Still Call? Experiences of Academics in Germany and the United States.Ariane Berthoin Antal & Jan-Christoph Rogge - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):187-210.
    Given the significant transformations underway in academia, it is pertinent to ask whether the traditional notion of entering the profession in response to a calling is still relevant. This article draws together hitherto unconnected strands of German and Anglo-Saxon literature on callings, then analyzes biographical narratives of 40 social scientists in Germany and the United States. The comparative analysis of the timing, sources, and nature of the respondents’ decision to become academics finds that almost all exhibit a calling orientation. However, (...)
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  2.  2
    The Perceived Impact of Eight Systemic Factors on Scientific Capital Accumulation.Olivier Bégin-Caouette - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):163-185.
    In the global academic capitalist race, academics, institutions and countries’ symbolic power results from the accumulation of scientific capital. This paper relies on the perspectives of system actors located at the institutional, national and international levels to assess the perceived importance of eight systemic factors in contributing to the comparative advantage of social-democratic regimes, namely Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. A deductive thematic analysis performed on 56 transcripts and a one-way repeated-measure ANOVA performed on 324 questionnaires confirmed the hypotheses regarding (...)
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  3.  6
    Journal Peer Review and Editorial Evaluation: Cautious Innovator or Sleepy Giant?Serge P. J. M. Horbach & Willem Halffman - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):139-161.
    Peer review of journal submissions has become one of the most important pillars of quality management in academic publishing. Because of growing concerns with the quality and effectiveness of the system, a host of enthusiastic innovators has proposed and experimented with new procedures and technologies. However, little is known about whether these innovations manage to convince other journal editors. This paper will address open questions regarding the implementation of new review procedures, the occurrence rate of various peer review procedures and (...)
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  4.  3
    The Role of Expectations of Science in Shaping Research Policy: A Discursive Analysis of the Creation of Genome Canada.Margaret A. Lemay - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):235-260.
    This paper examines the promise of science and its role in shaping research policy. The promise of science is characterized by expectations of science, which are embedded in promissory discourses that envision futures made possible through advances in promising science. Through a single case study of the origins of Genome Canada, the research was guided by the question: How did expectations of genomics shape the creation of Genome Canada? A conceptualization of discursive power and expectations of genomics storylines provide the (...)
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  5.  2
    Thomas C. Lassman, Edward Condon’s Cooperative Vision: Science, Industry, and Innovation in Modern America. [REVIEW]Joseph D. Martin - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):315-317.
    In 1934, Edward Uhler Condon, amid supervising graduate students and crafting a research program on atomic spectra, found time to publish an article in the United States Naval Institute Proceedings. “Food and the Theory of Probability” explained, from the standpoint of probability theory, something naval commissarymen had long known: to feed double the number of people, you need not quite double the recipe. “We interpret the effect as due to the statistical fluctuation in the amount of food desired by a (...)
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  6.  2
    The Closing of Academic Departments and Programs: A Core and Periphery Approach to the Liberal Arts and Practical Arts.Robert Osley-Thomas - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):211-233.
    Did the liberal art disciplines at American universities have the highest failure rate between the 1970s and the early 2000s? Important theoretical traditions indeed believe that the liberal arts are the most threatened disciplines in the academy, while other theories have differing views. This paper reexamines the vulnerability of academic disciplines by assessing new data. It focuses on the closing of academic departments and programs, and it uses event history analysis to show that practical arts departments and programs failed at (...)
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  7.  2
    Implementing the Innovation Agenda: A Study of Change at a Research Funding Agency.Emina Veletanlić & Creso Sá - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):261-283.
    With the rise of an innovation agenda in science policy, previous studies have identified a shift in how the state delegates responsibility to funding agencies in order to change the behaviour of the scientific community. This paper contributes to this literature through a micro-level study of how one of Canada’s largest research funding agencies, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, has changed resource allocation for research over 25 years. Our study foregrounds research funding agencies as key sites for examining (...)
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  8.  2
    ‘From Blindness to Light’: A Review of Benoît Godin and Dominique Vinck (eds.), Critical Studies of Innovation: Alternative Approaches to the Pro-Innovation Bias. [REVIEW]Logan D. A. Williams - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):309-314.
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  9.  1
    “I’ll Look Into it!” Lubricants in Conversational Coproduction.Katarina Winter - 2020 - Minerva 58 (2):285-307.
    This study investigates the interaction between civil servants and politicians in a planning committee in a Swedish county council. As the committees are venues for preparation of future decision-making, civil servants and others are invited to inform and report to the politicians on different topics. The aim is to explore this local interaction process based on an analysis of requests and responses. It is shown that the communication between civil servants and politicians is pervaded by sociability in the form of (...)
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  10.  10
    European Action Plans for Science–Society Relations: Changing Buzzwords, Changing the Agenda.Cristina Palma Conceição, Patrícia Ávila, Ana Rita Coelho & António Firmino Costa - 2020 - Minerva 58 (1):1-24.
    This project began with the changes in the names of the European Commission’s action plans for the relationship between science and society. Analysing the main relevant documents in the last four European science policy framework programmes, we asked how much terminologies, meanings, and foci of attention have changed. A more detailed look confirms the growing importance attached to this area of intervention and the transformation in the priorities and conceptions orienting these policies. This gradual change not only largely reflects the (...)
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  11.  11
    Epistemic Living Spaces, International Mobility, and Local Variation in Scientific Practice.Sarah R. Davies - 2020 - Minerva 58 (1):97-114.
    This article explores local variations in scientific practice through the lens of scientists’ international mobility. Its aim is twofold: to explore how the notion of epistemic living spaces may be mobilised as a tool for systematically exploring differences in scientific practice across locations, and to contribute to literature on scientific mobility. Using material from an interview study with scientists with experience of international mobility, and epistemic living spaces as an analytical frame, the paper describes a set of aspects of life (...)
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  12.  12
    A Cartography of Philosophy’s Engagement with Society.Diana Hicks & J. Britt Holbrook - 2020 - Minerva 58 (1):25-45.
    Should philosophy help address the problems of non-philosophers or should it be something isolated both from other disciplines and from the lay public? This question became more than academic for philosophers working in UK universities with the introduction of societal impact assessment in the national research evaluation exercise, the REF. Every university department put together a submission describing its broader impact in case narratives, and these were graded. Philosophers were required to participate. The resulting narratives are publicly available and provide (...)
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  13.  7
    Co-existing Notions of Research Quality: A Framework to Study Context-specific Understandings of Good Research.Liv Langfeldt, Maria Nedeva, Sverker Sörlin & Duncan A. Thomas - 2020 - Minerva 58 (1):115-137.
    Notions of research quality are contextual in many respects: they vary between fields of research, between review contexts and between policy contexts. Yet, the role of these co-existing notions in research, and in research policy, is poorly understood. In this paper we offer a novel framework to study and understand research quality across three key dimensions. First, we distinguish between quality notions that originate in research fields and in research policy spaces. Second, drawing on existing studies, we identify three attributes (...)
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  14.  8
    The Patterning of Collaborative Behavior and Knowledge Culminations in Interdisciplinary Research Centers.Elina I. Mäkinen, Eliza D. Evans & Daniel A. McFarland - 2020 - Minerva 58 (1):71-95.
    Due to investments in interdisciplinary research endeavors, the number and variety of interdisciplinary research centers have grown exponentially during the past decades. While interdisciplinary research centers rely on varied organizational arrangements, we know little about the conditions and processes that mediate collaborative arrangements and interdisciplinary research outcomes. This study examines how different collaborative arrangements shape scholars’ experiences of interdisciplinary research and understandings of interdisciplinary knowledge culminations in the context of university-based research centers. We conducted three in-depth qualitative case studies on (...)
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  15.  11
    Make Way for the Robots! Human- and Machine-Centricity in Constituting a European Public–Private Partnership.Kjetil Rommetveit, Niels van Dijk & Kristrún Gunnarsdóttir - 2020 - Minerva 58 (1):47-69.
    This article is an analytic register of recent European efforts in the making of ‘autonomous’ robots to address what is imagined as Europe’s societal challenges. The paper describes how an emerging techno-epistemic network stretches across industry, science, policy and law to legitimize and enact a robotics innovation agenda. Roadmap is the main metaphor and organizing tool in working across the disciplines and sectors, and in aligning these heterogeneous actors with a machine-centric vision along a path to make way for ‘new (...)
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