36 found

Year:

  1.  1
    Entrepreneurial Orientation and Knowledge Transfer Effectiveness: The Effect of Organizational Commercial Slack.Yuan-Chieh Chang, Tung-Fei Tsai-Lin & Tian Liang - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):441-462.
    The paper examines the role of organizational commercial slack in mediating the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and the effectiveness of knowledge transfer in universities. The paper identifies two types of commercial slack in the university setting: financial and promotional. Four research hypotheses are proposed. Pooled data, that is, a combination of a questionnaire survey of 110 Taiwanese universities with a data set of university KT effectiveness from the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, are collected to test the aforementioned research hypotheses. The (...)
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  2.  1
    Stress-Inducing and Anxiety-Ridden: A Practice-Based Approach to the Construction of Status-Bestowing Evaluations in Research Funding.Peter Edlund & Inti Lammi - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):397-418.
    More than resource allocations, evaluations of funding applications have become central instances for status bestowal in academia. Much attention in past literature has been devoted to grasping the status consequences of prominent funding evaluations. But little attention has been paid to understanding how the status-bestowing momentum of such evaluations is constructed. Throughout this paper, our aim is to develop new knowledge on the role of applicants in constructing certain funding evaluations as events with crucial importance for status bestowal. Using empirical (...)
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  3.  1
    Acceptable Use: Morality and Credibility Struggles in Swedish 1960s Alcohol and Illicit Drug (Ab)use Research and Policy.Lena Eriksson & Helena Bergman - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):419-440.
    This article explores morality and credibility struggles in connection to two officially sanctioned public Swedish experiments launched in the late 1960s to investigate the use of alcohol and illicit drugs, especially in relation to young people, and the subsequent decisions to terminate the experiments and research. We argue that these 1960s struggles on how to analyze the effects of increased availability of psychoactive substances must be understood in the light of a simultaneous development of modern science studies. The public display (...)
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  4. Peter Scott, Retreat or Resolution? Tackling the Crisis of Mass Higher Education.Christine Musselin - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):463-466.
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  5.  3
    China’s Research Evaluation Reform: What are the Consequences for Global Science?Fei Shu, Sichen Liu & Vincent Larivière - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):329-347.
    In the 1990s, China created a research evaluation system based on publications indexed in the Science Citation Index and on the Journal Impact Factor. Such system helped the country become the largest contributor to the scientific literature and increased the position of Chinese universities in international rankings. Although the system had been criticized by many because of its adverse effects, the policy reform for research evaluation crawled until the breakout of the COVID-19 pandemic, which accidently accelerates the process of policy (...)
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  6.  2
    “The Hardest Task”—Peer Review and the Evaluation of Technological Activities.Federico Vasen & Miguel Sierra Pereiro - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):375-395.
    Technology development and innovation are fundamentally different from scientific research. However, in many circumstances, they are evaluated jointly and by the same processes. In these cases, peer review—the most usual procedure for evaluating research—is also applied to the evaluation of technological products and innovation activities. This can lead to unfair results and end up discouraging the involvement of researchers in these fields. This paper analyzes the evaluation processes in Uruguay's National System of Researchers. In this system, all members' activities, both (...)
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  7.  1
    Retraction Stigma and its Communication Via Retraction Notices.Shaoxiong Brian Xu & Guangwei Hu - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):349-374.
    Retraction of published research is laudable as a post-publication self-correction of science but undesirable as an indicator of grave violations of research and publication ethics. Given its various adverse consequences, retraction has a stigmatizing effect both in and beyond the academic community. However, little theoretical attention has been paid to the stigmatizing nature of retraction. Drawing on stigma theories and informed by research on retraction, we advance a conceptualization of retraction as stigma. We define retraction stigma as a discrediting evaluation (...)
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  8.  2
    Transnational Co-production of Knowledge: The Standardisation of Typhoon Warning Codes in the Far East, 1900–1939.Aitor Anduaga - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):301-323.
    The why and the how of knowledge production are examined in the case of the transnational cooperation between the directors of observatories in the Far East who drew up unified typhoon-warning codes in the period 1900–1939. The why is prompted by the socioeconomic interests of the local chambers of commerce and international telegraphic companies, although this urge has the favourable wind of Far Eastern meteorologists’ ideology of voluntarist internationalism. The how entails the persistent pursuit of consensus in international meetings where (...)
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  9.  3
    Triple Helix or Quadruple Helix: Which Model of Innovation to Choose for Empirical Studies?Yuzhuo Cai & Annina Lattu - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):257-280.
    While the Triple Helix and Quadruple Helix models are popular in innovation studies, the relations between them have not been addressed extensively in the literature. There are diverse interpretations of helix models in empirical studies that apply them, but these sometimes deviate from the original theses of the models. Such a situation can confuse newcomers to the field in terms of which helix model to apply in their empirical research. We discern that the cause of this research challenge is a (...)
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  10.  2
    Out of the Ivory Tower: The Patenting Activity of Canadian University Professors Before the 1980s.Maxime Colleret & Yves Gingras - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):281-300.
    This study analyses the patenting activities of university science and engineering professors in Canada between 1920 and 1975. Unlike most studies on commercial activities in academia, which typically focus on the post-1980 period and on university practices, we focus on the pre-1980 period and on the individual decisions of professors to patent their inventions. Based on quantitative patent data, we show that patenting, and thus professors’ interest in the possible commercial value of their scientific discoveries made in university laboratories, was (...)
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  11.  4
    Understanding Conceptual Impact of Scientific Knowledge on Policy: The Role of Policymaking Conditions.Jakob Edler, Maria Karaulova & Katharine Barker - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):209-233.
    This paper presents a framework to understand the impact of scientific knowledge on the policy-making process, focusing on the conceptual impact. We note the continuing dissatisfaction with the quality and effects of science-policy interactions in both theory and practice. We critique the current literature’s emphasis on the efforts of scientists to generate policy impact, because it neglects the role of ‘user’ policymaking organisations. The framework offered in the paper develops an argument about the essential role of institutional conditions of policy (...)
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  12.  1
    Katherine E. Smith, Justyna Bandola-Gill, Nasar Meer, Ellen Stewart and Richard Watermeyer, The Impact Agenda: Controversies, Consequences and Challenges.Thomas Franssen - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):325-328.
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  13.  1
    Reimagining Health as a ‘Flow on Effect’ of Biomedical Innovation: Research Policy as a Site of State Activism.Georgia Miller, Declan Kuch & Matthew Kearnes - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):235-256.
    As health care systems have been recast as innovation assets, commercial aims are increasingly prominent within states’ health and medical research policies. Despite this, the reformulation of notions of social and of scientific value and of long-standing relations between science and the state that is occurring in research policies remains comparatively unexamined. Addressing this lacuna, this article investigates the articulation of ‘actually existing neoliberalism' in research policy by examining a major Australian research policy and funding instrument, the Medical Research Future (...)
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  14.  1
    The Societal Territory of Academic Disciplines: How Disciplines Matter to Society.Silje Maria Tellmann - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):159-179.
    This paper analyses the interrelations between academic disciplines and society beyond academia by the case of sociology in Norway. For that purpose, this paper introduces the concept of disciplines’ societal territories, which refer to bounded societal spaces that are shaped by the knowledge of a discipline, premised on the linkages between the discipline and its audience. By mapping sociologists’ reported contributions to societal changes beyond academia, the paper firstly shows how societal territories are established by sociologists’ recurring engagement with certain (...)
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  15.  2
    Revisiting the Global Knowledge Economy: The Worldwide Expansion of Research and Development Personnel, 1980–2015.Mike Zapp - 2022 - Minerva 60 (2):181-208.
    Global science expansion and the ‘skills premium’ in labor markets have been extensively discussed in the literature on the global knowledge economy, yet the focus on, broadly-speaking, knowledge-related personnel as a key factor is surprisingly absent. This article draws on UIS and OECD data on research and development personnel for the period 1980 to 2015 for up to N = 82 countries to gauge cross-national trends and to test a wide range of educational, economic, political and institutional determinants of general (...)
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  16. Do Interpersonal Networks Mediate the Relationship Between International Academic Mobility and Entrepreneurial Knowledge?Kevin De Moortel, Thomas Crispeels, Jinyu Xie & Qiaosong Jing - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):29-55.
    Temporary international mobility is an increasingly relevant practice amongst academics. However, current literature lacks understanding on whether such mobility influences the individual academics’ entrepreneurial knowledge. This paper hypothesizes that temporary international academic mobility is conducive to the academic’s entrepreneurial knowledge and that interpersonal social networks play a crucial role in the transfer of this knowledge through their strength and size properties. We perform a Partial Least Squares - Structural Equation Model and build upon an original survey data set collected amongst (...)
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  17.  4
    The Independence of Research—A Review of Disciplinary Perspectives and Outline of Interdisciplinary Prospects.Jochen Gläser, Mitchell Ash, Guido Buenstorf, David Hopf, Lara Hubenschmid, Melike Janßen, Grit Laudel, Uwe Schimank, Marlene Stoll, Torsten Wilholt, Lothar Zechlin & Klaus Lieb - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):105-138.
    The independence of research is a key strategic issue of modern societies. Dealing with it appropriately poses legal, economic, political, social and cultural problems for society, which have been studied by the corresponding disciplines and are increasingly the subject of reflexive discourses of scientific communities. Unfortunately, problems of independence are usually framed in disciplinary contexts without due consideration of other perspectives’ relevance or possible contributions. To overcome these limitations, we review disciplinary perspectives and findings on the independence of research and (...)
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  18. Academic Reform in Fractured Disciplines – On the Interaction of Bologna, New-Public-Management and the Dynamics of Disciplinary Development.Cathleen Grunert & Katja Ludwig - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):57-80.
    At the intersection of science studies and higher education research, this contribution looks at the way in which the requirements of universities as organizations release development dynamics in academic disciplines and it analyses the interaction between discipline and organization. We will analyse German educational science, bearing in mind it is an example of disciplines that are fractured and consequently have little consensus in terms of fundamental theories and basic concepts. Firstly, we take on a quantitative approach and analyse the changes (...)
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  19.  1
    A Sociocultural Perspective on Scholars Developing Research Skills via Research Communities in Vietnam.Cuong Huu Hoang & Trang Thi Doan Dang - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):81-104.
    Given the importance of research communities and research mentoring activities in developing research skills, universities around the world have paid special attention to improving these two dimensions. However, developing research communities and research mentoring culture in Vietnamese universities largely remain at a nascent stage because these universities often have a short history of conducting research and limited research capacity. Drawing on a sociocultural perspective, this qualitative case study explores the experience of Vietnamese scholars in developing their research skills via their (...)
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  20.  3
    Academia in the Grip of the Wolf and Its Utopia.Agnieszka Lekka-Kowalik - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):139-158.
    In 2015, Willem Halffman and Hans Radder published in Minerva a paper, in which they diagnosed that our universities are colonized by “The Wolf of management.” Using the example of the reforms afflicting the Polish academic world, I show that this colonization has intensified, and apart from the processes described in the aforementioned paper, it brought consequences that have changed academic culture: research is subjected to publication policy, many academic activities are treated as a hobby, researchers must be in a (...)
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  21.  2
    Beyond the “STEM Pipeline”: Expertise, Careers, and Lifelong Learning.John D. Skrentny & Kevin Lewis - 2022 - Minerva 60 (1):1-28.
    Studies of education and careers in science, technology, engineering, and math commonly use a pipeline metaphor to conceptualize forward movement and persistence. However, the “STEM pipeline” carries implicit assumptions regarding length, contents, and perceived purpose. Using the National Survey of College Graduates, we empirically measure each of these dimensions. First, we show that a majority of STEM workers report skills training throughout their careers, suggesting no clear demarcation between education and work. Second, we show that using on-the-job expertise requirements paints (...)
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  22.  1
    Multivariate Analysis of the Impact and Interdependence of Teleworking with Variables of Productivity, Efficiency, Effectiveness, Job Satisfaction and Knowledge in Digital Tools: A Case Study.Jesica Alviarez - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):42-53.
    Based on the review and research on the teleworking modality and the variables that impact it at the organizational level, such as quality of life, communication, organizational culture or productivity, a case study is proposed under the innovation and teleworking model of a company. Japanese automotive industry for the application of Multivariate Analysis techniques such as Principal Component Analysis and Linear Regression, in order to condense the information provided by multiple variables into principal components and validate the relationships and impact (...)
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  23.  1
    Styles and Forms of Learning in University Education.Ana Cecilia De Paz Lazaro, Yorrlanka Evelin Damian Espinoza & Hernan Edwin Verde Lujan - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):84-92.
    This paper discusses the different teaching-learning styles and how they can be applied to university education. It is a common misconception that there are only three learning styles: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. There are nine different learning styles that can be applied to university teaching-learning. With a literature review, these nine different learning styles and how they can be used in the classroom setting will be explored. In addition, teaching techniques and strategies in a university education will be explored. The (...)
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  24. Historical Analysis of Water Pollution in the Portoviejo River.Gonzalo Guambo, Julio Torres & Santiago Quiroz - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):54-60.
    The river Portoviejo crosses four cantons of the province of Manabí and is the main source of water for the inhabitants of the area to be used in various uses. The objective of this bibliographic review article is to carry out a historical analysis of the water pollution of the Portoviejo River. The qualitative and descriptive documentary research methodology was used. The authors conclude that the factors that influence the pollution of the Portoviejo River are the constant direct discharges of (...)
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  25.  1
    Analysis of the Manual Lifting of Loads in Operators: Evaluation of Efforts.Carolina Parreno, Katty Vargas, Maria-Jose Zuniga & Alex Torres - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):74-83.
    This article presents the results of the evaluations of the mechanical stresses associated with the performance of manual lifting tasks of loads and those operators must endure in their workplaces, considering these the most recurrent cases and positions. This study is based on a static analysis of certainspecific positions of the human body, the transmission of forces through the musculoskeletal structure, and the generation of efforts at critical points of the body. In addition to this, it is considered a revision (...)
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  26. Evaluation of Losses and Waste in Craft Companies That Generate Added Value with Cocoa CCN51 (Theobroma Cacao L.) of the Ambato-Ecuador Canton.Carla Patricia Pazmino - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):20-31.
    The craft companies that transform cocoa into value-added products in the Ambato-Ecuador canton generate a large number of losses and waste, causing low production performance, which is not solved by the chocolatiers as they don’t have a clear knowledge of the amount exactly what is lost and how it affects in the productive growth. Therefore, it seeks to quantify the losses and waste generated in the transformation of cocoa into semi-finished products. The work was carried out through the information collected (...)
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  27. Technological Advances in Military Communications Systems and Equipment.Niccolay Velastegui, Estefania Pavon, Hugo Jacome, Freddy Torres & Melissa Pico - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):61-73.
    This article presents a systematic review carried out around the development of technologies that have driven military communication, describing the evolution of communication equipment and protocols used throughout history. This work was carried out from the review of 80 articles related to the field of militarycommunications, from which the fundamentals of the different technologies, equipment and means of communication were extracted. It is concluded that technological progress has improved the speed of response in digital signals, has proposed.
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  28. Simulation of Combined Stresses and Stress Concentration Factor Effects on a Femur Cortical Bones.Alex J. Velez-Cruz - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):8-19.
    The purposes of this article were to obtain mechanical properties of the dry femur cortical bone samples through a tensile load and stress concentration factor approach and to provide simulations to predict experimental behaviors based on manipulations of certain properties and parameters of the biomaterial. Since bone samples have characteristics and geometries, the development of a mathematical model was necessary to describe the combination of stresses interacting in the bone when a tension load is applied. The samples have average diameters (...)
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  29. Characterization of Cryosurgery Technique and Technology.Elio Villarreal, Cesar Fierro, Lorena Romero & Gladys Morales - 2022 - Minerva 3 (8):32-41.
    This document describes the technique and technology currently used to apply cryosurgery, a technic based on low temperatures for medical purposes that allows the controlled destruction of pathological cells and tissues. Cryosurgery is an effective and innocuous process that is painless, safe and economical, applied to multiple specialities in which it provides alternatives to its traditional methods. A search was carried out for articles and bibliographic reviews referring to Cryosurgery and from whose information this technical note was obtained. Research on (...)
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  30.  1
    An Approach to the Design of Didactic Material for the Strengthening of the Integral Development of the Child.Daniel Davila Leon, Karen Aigaje, Mario Caiza, Michelle Flores & Jhoel Vazquez - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):5-16.
    The development of children must be an integral part of their educational environment, focusing on strengthening their learning and social skills. The research is framed in the design of didactic material, under the perspective of product design. As a discipline of study, it focuses on the needs andparticularities of the rural educational environment and attempts to support the integral development that Ecuadorian education has been pursued. In this context, with a qualitative approach, the characteristics of the environment are collected, as (...)
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  31. Rock Material Particle Size and its Correlation with the Point Load Test Index.Patricio Feijoo, Adriana Peralta, Andrea Tamayo & Bernardo Feijoo - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):78-88.
    : This work proposes the methodology to obtain a correlation between the particle size of the rock material and the point load test index, in order to characterize the materials, present in mining projects in terms of resistance. For a correct development of mining activities, both open pit and underground, it is important to determine the compressive strength of the rocks, since, through it, geomechanical classifications are obtained, and thus calculate safety factors to define stabilization and/or fortification systems for mining (...)
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  32. Students' Perception of the Quality of Virtual Education in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic.Omar Flor, Veronica Toaza, Marlene Barragan & David Lopez - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):37-41.
    This article presents a study on the perception of students pursuing technical careers, on aspects related to the quality of virtual education during times of covid-19 pandemic. The data analyzed were obtained from surveys of 75 students of various educational levels in aspects such as quality in teaching, accessibility to virtual resources, teacher training, continuity of the curriculum, equal conditions, and the influence of policy on the quality of education in general. It was concluded that the educational process in its (...)
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  33.  5
    Pandemic Triage Criteria by COVID-19: Multiple approaches.Veronica Luzuriaga, Gabriela Rueda, Josue Quiroga, Gitti Montesdeoca & Jose Calahorrano - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):25-36.
    This paper presents the most relevant criteria considered in the face of a lack of resources and medical infrastructure to prioritize the treatment of patients affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. From a systematic review, points of view have been collected considering the medical and social fields. Multiple divergences were found in these views depending on the countries, resources, religious approaches, and political aspects that have been adapted according to the circumstances of each nation. Keywords: Triage, COVID-19, public health.
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  34.  2
    Emotional Dependence in University Students in a Period of Confinement Due to Covid-19.Maryori Peredo, Nathaly Mamani, Carmen Lazo & Sheril Condori - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):17-24.
    An analysis of the level of emotional and dependency according to sociodemographic characteristic factors in university students in a period of confinement due to COVID-19. 689 female students of the city of Arequipa were included; we used a measurement instrument with 23 items that allowed us to understand the influence of the current situation on the psychological state of the university. The results indicate that there is a low level of emotional dependence, in relation to the variable of the emotional (...)
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  35. Academic Stress According to Sociodemographic Factors in University Students in a Period of Confinement Due to COVID-19.Yelina Quispe, Milagros Huarcaya, Karen Cruz, Brithany Mamani & Nicole Almeron - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):42-50.
    Stress is a health problem that affects today's society, it is reflected in the degree of reaction to events or academic situations faced by the university student. The level of academic stress was analyzed according to sociodemographic factors in university students in a period of confinement due to COVID-19. 525 randomly chosen students from private and licensed universities in the city of Arequipa participated, an instrument was used to assess academic stress consisting of 21 items that measure stressors, symptoms, and (...)
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  36.  2
    Capítulo 7: Diseño de Canaleta Parshall.Franyelit Suárez, Cristian Milton Mendoza Flores, Fernando Ricardo Arteaga Valdez, Cristina Johanna Toledo Toledo, Fernando Demetrio Llatas Villanueva & Jose Luis Zumaran Irribarren - 2022 - Minerva 3 (7):51-77.
    I. INTRODUCTIONThe Parshall Flume, which was invented in 1920 by R. Parshall, is mostly used in wastewater and crop supply. Utilizing equations, Parshall established dimensions that fit the design, one of the advantages is the conversion of position energy to velocity energy since in other measurement structures there are minimum energy losses in this one it does not allow sedimentation. The structuring of the project is adhered to by different models that define its behavior and limit its use. This is (...)
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