28 found

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  1. Honest Evaluation in the Academy.Joseph C. Hermanowicz - 2021 - Minerva 59 (3):311-329.
    Honesty is widely understood as an ethical imperative in science and scholarship. This article examines the operation of this ethic in an area crucial to academe but which has not received sufficient attention: faculty review of candidates seeking appointment to academic rank—in hiring and promotion—in U.S. higher education organizations. Confidentiality is a professional norm indicative of these faculty assessments. By turn, academic freedom is exercised by speaking without fear of retribution, but it is handicapped to the extent that breaches of (...)
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  2.  1
    The Science Policy Script, Revised.Alexandra Hofmänner & Elisio Macamo - 2021 - Minerva 59 (3):331-354.
    The paper considers the notion of Science Policy from a postcolonial perspective. It examines the theoretical implications of the recent trend to include emerging and developing countries in international Science Policies by way of the case study of Switzerland. This country’s new international science policy instruments and measures have challenged the classical distinction between international scientific cooperation and development cooperation, with consequences on standards and evaluation criteria. The analysis reveals that the underlying assumptions of the concept of Science Policy perpetuate (...)
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  3.  5
    Scientific Integrity Matters.Catherine Paradeise & Ghislaine Filliatreau - 2021 - Minerva 59 (3):289-309.
    Scientific misconduct is believed to be on the increase as the media frequently report dramatic cases. Scientific societies, academies, publishers, and stakeholders in industry are all expressing growing concern. Public opinion and political leaders are consequently becoming skeptical about science as a provider of reliable knowledge. Yet spectacular headline news should not hide pernicious misbehaviors of a different sort which are more difficult to identify but may be even more dangerous for the scientific endeavor. Based on the biomedical research case, (...)
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  4.  1
    On the Social Shaping of Quantum Technologies: An Analysis of Emerging Expectations Through Grant Proposals from 2002–2020.Tara M. Roberson - 2021 - Minerva 59 (3):379-397.
    The term ‘quantum technology’ was first popularised by an Australian physicist in the mid-1990s. These technologies make use of the properties of quantum physics and are being developed and invested across the world, yet this emerging technology is understudied in science and technology studies. This article investigates the emergence of the notion of ‘quantum technologies’ and examines the expectations shaping this field through an analysis of research grants funded by a national research funder, the Australian Research Council between 2002 and (...)
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  5.  6
    Internally Incentivized Interdisciplinarity: Organizational Restructuring of Research and Emerging Tensions.Mikko Salmela, Miles MacLeod & Johan Munck af Rosenschöld - 2021 - Minerva 59 (3):355-377.
    Interdisciplinarity is widely considered necessary to solving many contemporary problems, and new funding structures and instruments have been created to encourage interdisciplinary research at universities. In this article, we study a small technical university specializing in green technology which implemented a strategy aimed at promoting and developing interdisciplinary collaboration. It did so by reallocating its internal research funds for at least five years to “research platforms” that required researchers from at least two of the three schools within the university to (...)
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  6. David John Frank & John W. Meyer, The University and the Global Knowledge Society.Jieun Song - 2021 - Minerva 59 (3):419-422.
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  7.  2
    Evolution of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: The Effects of the “Third” on the Interplay Between Cooperation and Competition.Darina Volf - 2021 - Minerva 59 (3):399-418.
    The paper investigates the evolution of the first manned international space mission – a rendezvous and docking between a US and a Soviet spacecraft in 1975 known as the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. The aim is to reconsider the rationales behind the ASTP from both a conceptual and an empirical perspective in order to get a better understanding of the evolution of international cooperation in the highly competitive and strategic field of space technology. Based on archival sources from Moscow, it sheds (...)
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  8.  5
    Private Issues in Public Spaces: Regimes of Engagement at a Citizen Conference.Juan C. Aceros & Miquel Domènech - 2021 - Minerva 59 (2):195-215.
    The ‘participatory turn’ in science and technology governance has resulted in the growth of initiatives designed to engage lay people in consultation and decision-making on controversial matters. Almost from the start there has been both enthusiasm and serious critique of these exercises, from scholars and activists. The gaps and challenges are well known. In this paper we indicate the limitations of deliberative mechanisms as regards how they cope with familiar forms of people’s engagement with a given matter. We examine how (...)
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  9.  5
    The Grudging Modernizer: A Trip to the Middle East and Cold War Social Science.Matteo Bortolini - 2021 - Minerva 59 (2):261-284.
    The postwar era is generally recognized as a unique moment of impetuous growth of the social sciences, due to the interest of Western internationalist elites in the development of a set of pragmatically-oriented intellectual tools that could be of use in the confrontation between the self-proclaimed “Free World,” the Soviet bloc, and emerging postcolonial nations. In the last twenty years, however, doubts about the impact of the Cold War syndrome on the development of ideas, methods, and infrastructures of Western social (...)
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  10.  8
    Navigating Uncertainty: Early Career Academics and Practices of Appraisal Devices.Jonatan Nästesjö - 2021 - Minerva 59 (2):237-259.
    There is a lack of objective evaluative standards for academic work. While this has been recognized in studies of how gatekeepers pass judgment on the works of others, little is known about how scholars deal with the uncertainty about how their work will be evaluated by gatekeepers. Building upon 35 interviews with early career academics in political science and history, this paper explores how junior scholars use appraisal devices to navigate this kind of uncertainty. Appraisal devices offer trusted and knowledgeable (...)
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  11.  5
    German Professors’ Motivation to Act as Peer Reviewers in Accreditation and Evaluation Procedures.Sandra Ohly & Christian Schneijderberg - 2021 - Minerva 59 (2):217-236.
    Acting as a reviewer is considered a substantial part of the role-bundle of the academic profession and quality enhancement role). Research literature about peer review, for example, for journals and grants, shows that acting as a peer reviewer adds to an academic’s reputation. However, little is known about academics’ motivation to act as reviewers. Based on self-determination theory, the multidimensional work motivation scale is used for a survey of German professors acting as reviewers. The results of factor analysis show no (...)
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  12.  12
    Science Diplomacy Policy Processes in Comparative Perspective: The Use of Scientific Cooperation Agreements in Canada, India, Norway, and the UK.Emma Sabzalieva, Creso M. Sá, Magdalena Martinez & Nadiia Kachynska - 2021 - Minerva 59 (2):149-172.
    There is growing attention to science diplomacy among scholars, policymakers, and scientific associations around the world. However, there continues to be contestation around the concept of science diplomacy, currently framed alternately as a new understanding of diplomacy, part of the global challenges discourse, central to the internationalization of science, and typifying competitive innovation. This contestation is furthered by the involvement of a broad array of policy instruments and actors in science diplomacy. In response, this paper focuses on a single policy (...)
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  13.  5
    Green Open Access in Astronomy and Mathematics: The Complementarity of Routines Among Authors and Readers.Niels Taubert - 2021 - Minerva 59 (2):173-194.
    Open access to publications has become a major topic in science policy. However, electronic publication providing free access to research via the internet is more than a decade older, was invented in the 1990s and driven by parts of the scientific community. This paper focuses on two disciplines in which green OA is well established. It asks how authors and readers use the central disciplinary repository and how they are thereby included in the communication system of their disciplines. Drawing on (...)
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  14.  3
    ‘Political Controversy and Social Science Public Funding’: A Review of Mark Solovey, Social Science for What? Battles Over Public Funding for the “Other Sciences” at the National Science Foundation. [REVIEW]Jialu Xie - 2021 - Minerva 59 (2):285-288.
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  15.  5
    Institutional Logics in the Global Higher Education Landscape: Differences in Organizational Characteristics by Sector and Founding Era.Elizabeth Buckner & Mike Zapp - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):27-51.
    This article examines patterns in the global higher education landscape associated with sector and founding era. Using data on the formal and academic structure of 15,133 higher education institutions from 183 countries and territories, we examine factors associated with the student body size, number of degree-granting programs, doctorate degrees, and curricular offerings. We find that only sector and age are associated with an institution’s student body size, while sector, age, and founding era are all associated with degree and curricular offerings. (...)
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  16.  6
    Clinician-Scientists in-and-Between Research and Practice: How Social Identity Shapes Brokerage.Esther de Groot, Yvette Baggen, Nienke Moolenaar, Diede Stevens, Jan van Tartwijk, Roger Damoiseaux & Manon Kluijtmans - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):123-137.
    Clinician-scientists are vital in connecting the worlds of research and practice. Yet, there is little empirical insight into how CSs perceive and act upon their in-and-between position between these socio-culturally distinct worlds. To better understand and support CSs’ training and career development, this study aims to gain insight into CSs’ social identity and brokerage. The authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 17, purposively sampled, CSs to elicit information on their social identity and brokerage. The CSs differ in how they perceive (...)
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  17.  4
    A Symbiosis of Access: Proliferating STEM PhD Training in the U.S. From 1920–2010.Frank Fernandez, David P. Baker, Yuan-Chih Fu, Ismael G. Muñoz & Karly Sarita Ford - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):79-98.
    Over the course of the 20th century, unprecedented growth in scientific discovery was fueled by broad growth in the number of university-based scientists. During this period the American undergraduate enrollment rate and number of universities with STEM graduate programs each doubled three times and the annual volume of new PhDs doubled six times. This generated the research capacity that allowed the United States to surpass early European-dominated science production and lead for the rest of the century. Here, we focus on (...)
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  18.  4
    A Review of Mark Dennis Robinson, The Market in Mind—How Financialization is Shaping Neuroscience, Translational Medicine and Innovation in Biotechnology. [REVIEW]Barbara Hendriks - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):139-143.
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  19.  8
    Scholarly Communities at the Crossroads: Internationalizing Sociological Networks in Valparaíso, Chile.Tomás Koch, Gustavo Blanco-Wells & Ricardo A. Ayala - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):99-122.
    Achievements and tensions derived from the internationalization of national scholarly communities have attracted extensive attention. However, very little is hitherto known about the effects of these processes on specific situated communities. Through a multi-method approach, we provide a nuanced description of these effects on the becoming of university-based sociology in Valparaíso, Chile, during the last fifteen or so years. The paper pays special attention to the emergence of a particular form of internationalization based on international indexes and rankings that has (...)
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  20.  4
    World-Rank and/or Locally Relevant? Organizational Identity in the Mission Statements of Higher Education Organizations in Israel, 2008–2018.Ravit Mizrahi-Shtelman & Gili S. Drori - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):1-25.
    Israeli higher education organizations are currently under pressure to achieve global excellence, satisfy Israeli economic and security needs, and serve Israel’s diverse social groups; they are also required to meet standards of proper governance; and, they wrestle with Israeli, Jewish, Zionist and Palestinian legacies. This array of complex and often conflicting constraints drives our research, to investigate how Israeli higher education organizations are embedded in this particularly complex environment. Whereas research on the mission statements of universities focuses primarily on higher (...)
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  21.  19
    Bibliometrics in Academic Recruitment: A Screening Tool Rather than a Game Changer.Ingvild Reymert - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):53-78.
    This paper investigates the use of metrics to recruit professors for academic positions. We analyzed confidential reports with candidate evaluations in economics, sociology, physics, and informatics at the University of Oslo between 2000 and 2017. These unique data enabled us to explore how metrics were applied in these evaluations in relation to other assessment criteria. Despite being important evaluation criteria, metrics were seldom the most salient criteria in candidate evaluations. Moreover, metrics were applied chiefly as a screening tool to decrease (...)
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  22.  7
    Roger D. Launius, Reaching for the Moon: A Short History of the Space Race.Darina Volf - 2021 - Minerva 59 (1):145-147.
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  23.  1
    Comparativa de Las Ventajas de Los Sistemas Hidropónicos Como Alternativas Agrícolas En Zonas Urbanas.Vanessa Albuja, Juan Andrade, Carlos Lucano & Michelle Rodriguez - 2021 - Minerva 2 (4):45-54.
    Este trabajo surge a partir de la investigación general de las técnicas hidropónicas teniendo en cuenta sus ventajas y desventajas para de esta forma poder encontrar aquel factor determinante a través de una comparación de técnicas hidropónicas que permitan clasificarlas y escoger la mejor opción que genere menos impacto ambiental negativo y demuestre ser más productivo en los entornos urbanos. Adicionalmente, un factor determinante en las ciudades es su espacio limitado por lo que la mejor opción también deberá incluir un (...)
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  24.  1
    Formación de fayalita en el sistema FeO-SiO2-MgO a temperatura por debajo del punto eutéctico.Alberto Echegaray - 2021 - Minerva 2 (4):23-33.
    En este artículo de investigación se muestra, que durante la fabricación de hierro, las escorias han sido una fuente información del producto obtenido. Esto aplica a toda la historia de la fabricación de este metal desde el inicio de la edad del hierro. Los estudios en este campo se conocen como arqueo de metalurgia y se inicia desde la paleo metalurgia hasta el presente. Las escorias primitivas obtenidas a partir de su separación de la masa de hierro sólida obtenidas en (...)
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  25.  3
    Characterization of Rock Material by Point Load Strength Index Test and Direct Cut.Ernesto Patricio Feijoo Calle & Paúl Andrés Almache Rodríguez - 2021 - Minerva 2 (4):11-22.
    The objective of this work is to establish a relationship between the cutting time in rocks, determining a speed and the point load strength index test, Is, to characterize the rock in terms of resistance and avoid sending samples to laboratories. As a first stage, on andesite samples, 5 x 5 x 10 cm test tubes were made. After the elaboration they were subjected to cutting, using an electric floor cutter and the time was evaluated. This cut was made in (...)
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  26.  3
    Evaluación de herramientas digitales para la gestión del portafolio educativo.Flores Dolores Montaño - 2021 - Minerva 2 (4):55-61.
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  27.  1
    Relación entre las competencias emocionales y el rendimiento en la ejecución de proyectos.Eulises Rivas & Carlos Díaz - 2021 - Minerva 2 (4):34-44.
    El desarrollo de la ciencia y la tecnología y de las competencias técnicas ha impulsado el desarrollo de las sociedad haciéndolas más complejas, causando que las aptitudes emocionales se conviertan en factores de éxito, ya que afectan el desempeño humano en todos los escenarios donde se desenvuelve, no obstante a pesar de las investigaciones en este área, actualmente no se cuenta con modelos que relacionen dichas aptitudes con el rendimiento organizacional, lo cual dio origen a esta investigación que busca determinar (...)
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  28.  11
    Teaching Methodologies in Times of Pandemic.Santiago Felipe Torres Aza, Gloria Isabel Monzón Álvarez, Gianny Carol Ortega Paredes & José Manuel Calizaya López - 2021 - Minerva 2 (4):5-10.
    The current times call for reforms in educational processes. The Covid-19 pandemic had an unforeseen impact on the educational system in all countries. This need for change requires new pedagogies and new methods for teaching and learning. Understanding the need for change is essential for the formulation of adaptive proposals, as well as for the generation of training activities to complement the teaching curriculum. New educational practices lead to a vision of educational quality, with new approaches that allow the continuous (...)
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