Year:

  1.  12
    Attentional Control and Estimation of the Probability of Positive and Negative Events.Robert W. Booth & Dinkar Sharma - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):553-567.
    ABSTRACTPeople high in negative affect tend to think negative events are more likely than positive events. Studies have found that weak attentional control exaggerates another...
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  2.  9
    Disgust Lowers Olfactory Threshold: A Test of the Underlying Mechanism.Kai Qin Chan, Roel van Dooren, Rob W. Holland & Ad van Knippenberg - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):621-627.
    ABSTRACTThe olfactory system provides us with rich information about the world, but the odours around us are not always detectable. Previous research has shown that disgust enhances olfactory sensi...
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  3.  18
    Anticipated Nostalgia: Looking Forward to Looking Back.Wing-Yee Cheung, Erica G. Hepper, Chelsea A. Reid, Jeffrey D. Green, Tim Wildschut & Constantine Sedikides - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):511-525.
    Anticipated nostalgia is a new construct that has received limited empirical attention. It concerns the anticipation of having nostalgic feelings for one’s present and future experiences. In three...
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  4.  10
    The Persistence of Hedonically-Based Mood Repair Among Young Offspring at High- and Low-Risk for Depression.Shimrit Daches, Ilya Yaroslavsky & Maria Kovacs - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):568-580.
    The aim of the present study was to examine whether offspring at high and low familial risk for depression differ in the immediate and more lasting behavioural and physiological effects of hedonica...
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  5.  9
    Affective Distraction Along the Flexibility-Stability Continuum.Anna Foerster, Constantin Schmidts, Thomas Kleinsorge & Wilfried Kunde - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):438-449.
    This study explored whether conditions that promote flexibility in task processing enhance the detrimental impact of irrelevant negative stimulation on performance. We approached this flexibility f...
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  6.  11
    Affective Responses to Coherence in High and Low Risk Scenarios.David M. Gamblin, Adrian P. Banks & Philip J. A. Dean - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):462-480.
    ABSTRACTPresenting information in a coherent fashion has been shown to increase processing fluency, which in turn influences affective responses. The pattern of responses have been explained by two...
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  7.  9
    Perceiving Emotion and Sex From the Body: Evidence From the Garner Task for Independent Processes.Marco Gandolfo & Paul E. Downing - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):427-437.
    The appearance of the body signals socially relevant states and traits, but the how these cues are perceived is not well understood. Here we examined judgments of emotion and sex from the body’s ap...
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  8.  11
    Real World Familiarity Does Not Reduce Susceptibility to Emotional Disruption of Perception: Evidence From Two Temporal Attention Tasks.Daniel Guilbert, Steven B. Most & Kim M. Curby - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):450-461.
    ABSTRACTThe visual system has been found to prioritise emotional stimuli so robustly that their presence can temporarily “blind” people to non-emotional targets in their direct line of vision. This...
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  9.  6
    The Bidirectional Influence of Emotion Expressions and Context: Emotion Expressions, Situational Information and Real-World Knowledge Combine to Inform Observers’ Judgments of Both the Emotion Expressions and the Situation.Ursula Hess, Jonas Dietrich, Konstantinos Kafetsios, Shimon Elkabetz & Shlomo Hareli - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):539-552.
    We proposed and tested the notion of a bidirectional influence of emotion expressions and context. In two studies, we found that the expressions shown by supporters and opponents...
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  10.  16
    Humans Detect Snakes More Accurately and Quickly Than Other Animals Under Natural Visual Scenes: A Flicker Paradigm Study.Nobuyuki Kawai & Huachen Qiu - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):614-620.
    ABSTRACTThreat detection is crucial to survival. Studies using unnatural visual scene settings have shown that humans and primates are able to identify snakes more quickl...
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  11.  11
    Assessing the Psychometric Properties of the Attentional Style Questionnaire.Jacob D. Kraft, DeMond M. Grant, Danielle L. Taylor, Kristen E. Frosio, Kaitlyn M. Nagel & Danielle E. Deros - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):403-412.
    Attentional control has grown in importance within theoretical and predictive models of psychopathology over past decades. The Attentional Style Questionnaire is a novel measure of internal a...
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  12.  9
    Cognitive Control in Romantic Love: The Roles of Infatuation and Attachment in Interference and Adaptive Cognitive Control.Sandra J. E. Langeslag & Henk van Steenbergen - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):596-603.
    ABSTRACTBesides physiological, behavioural, and affective effects, romantic love also has cognitive effects. In this study, we tested whether individual differences in infatuation and/or attachment level predict impaired interference control even in the absence of a love booster procedure, and whether individual differences in attachment level predict reduced adaptive cognitive control as measured by conflict adaptation and post-error slowing. Eighty-three young adults who had recently fallen in love completed a Stroop-like task, which yielded reliable indices of interference control and adaptive cognitive (...)
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  13.  8
    The Effect of Threatening Facial Expressions on Inhibition-Induced Forgetting Depends on Their Task-Relevance.Hyejin J. Lee & Yang Seok Cho - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):526-538.
    Inhibition-induced forgetting refers to impaired memory for the stimuli to which responses were inhibited. The present study aimed to examine if it would be modulated by the processing of threateni...
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  14.  15
    General Threat and Health-Related Attention Biases in Illness Anxiety Disorder. A Brief Research Report.Simona Stefan, Alexandru Zorila & Elena Brie - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):604-613.
    Illness anxiety disorder, formerly known as hypochondria, has been conceptualised in the psychological literature as an anxiety disorder, and its dimensional correlate is usually referred to as hea...
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  15.  14
    Facial Blushing Influences Perceived Embarrassment and Related Social Functional Evaluations.Christopher A. Thorstenson, Adam D. Pazda & Stephanie Lichtenfeld - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):413-426.
    Facial blushing involves a reddening of the face elicited in situations involving unwanted social attention. Such situations include being caught committing a social transgression, which is typical...
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  16.  11
    Anger and Hostility: Are They Different? An Analytical Exploration of Facial-Expressive Differences, and Physiological and Facial-Emotional Responses.Myron Tsikandilakis, Persefoni Bali, Jan Derrfuss & Peter Chapman - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):581-595.
    Previous research has proposed the exploratory hypotheses that hostility could differ from anger in the sense that it involves higher possibility for inflicting physical harm while anger could invo...
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  17.  12
    “I Can See You; I Can Feel It; and Vice-Versa”: Consciousness and its Relation to Emotional Physiology.Myron Tsikandilakis, Persefoni Bali, Jan Derrfuss & Peter Chapman - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):498-510.
    In this paper, we explore whether masked emotional faces can elicit changes in physiology without awareness. We also explore whether emotional miss-discrimination involves the physiological correla...
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  18.  7
    Profiles of Appraisal, Motivation, and Coping for Positive Emotions.Jennifer Yih, Leslie D. Kirby & Craig A. Smith - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):481-497.
    We used a retrospective survey to model the patterns of appraisal, motivation, and coping that uniquely correspond with 12 positive emotions (affection/love, amusement, awe, challenge/det...
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  19.  11
    Pathogen Disgust Sensitivity Changes According to the Perceived Harshness of the Environment.Carlota Batres & David I. Perrett - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):377-383.
    ABSTRACTMuch research has explored behaviours that are linked with disgust sensitivity. Few studies, however, have been devoted to understanding how fixed or variable disgust sensitivity is. We the...
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  20.  15
    Jump and Free Fall! Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making Processes in an Extreme Sport.Judit Castellà, Jaume Boned, Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich & Antoni Sanz - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):262-272.
    In the present study, we explored the effects of high arousal on cognitive performance when facing a situation of risk. We also investigated how these effects are moderated by either positive or ne...
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  21.  24
    The Interactive Effect of Emotional Reactivity and Maladaptive Metacognitive Beliefs on Anxiety.Kate Clauss, Joseph R. Bardeen, Kelsey Thomas & Natasha Benfer - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):393-401.
    Emotional reactivity has been implicated in the development and maintenance of anxiety. The metacognitive model suggests that maladaptive metacognitive beliefs may inc...
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  22.  20
    Beliefs About the Automaticity of Positive Mood Regulation: Examination of the BAMR-Positive Emotion Downregulation Scale in Relation to Emotion Regulation Strategies and Mood Symptoms.Alyson L. Dodd, Kirsten Gilbert & June Gruber - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):384-392.
    ABSTRACTEmotion regulation is a topic of great interest due to its relevance to navigating everyday life, as well as its relevance to psychopathology. Recent research indicates that beliefs about t...
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  23.  14
    Please Empathize! Instructions to Empathise Strengthen Response Facilitation After Pain Observation.Carl Michael Galang & Sukhvinder S. Obhi - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):316-328.
    ABSTRACTRecent research has shown that observing others in pain leads to a general facilitation of reaction times. The current study sheds further light on the relationship between pain observation...
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  24.  11
    Fear of the Known: Semantic Generalisation of Fear Conditioning Across Languages in Bilinguals.Laurent Grégoire & Steven G. Greening - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):352-358.
    While modern theories of emotion emphasize the role of higher-order cognitive processes such as semantics in human emotion, much research into emotional learning has ignored the potential contribut...
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  25.  15
    Acute Stress – but Not Aversive Scene Content – Impairs Spatial Configuration Learning.Thomas Meyer, Conny W. E. M. Quaedflieg, James A. Bisby & Tom Smeets - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):201-216.
    Contextual learning pervades our perception and cognition and plays a critical role in adjusting to aversive and stressful events. Our ability to memorise spatial context has been studied extensive...
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  26.  14
    Mimicking and Sharing Emotions: A Re-Examination of the Link Between Facial Mimicry and Emotional Contagion.Michal Olszanowski, Monika Wróbel & Ursula Hess - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):367-376.
    ABSTRACTFacial mimicry has long been considered a main mechanism underlying emotional contagion. A closer look at the empirical evidence, however, rev...
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  27.  19
    Is More Emotional Clarity Always Better? An Examination of Curvilinear and Moderated Associations Between Emotional Clarity and Internalising Symptoms.Juhyun Park & Kristin Naragon-Gainey - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):273-287.
    Low emotional clarity has been a target for psychological interventions due to its association with increased internalising symptoms. However, theory suggests that very high emotional clarity may a...
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  28.  13
    Folk Beliefs About the Relationships Anger and Disgust Have with Moral Disapproval.Jared Piazza & Justin F. Landy - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):229-241.
    Theories that view emotions as being related in some way to moral judgments suggest that condemning moral emotions should, at a minimum, be understood by laypeople to coincide with judgments of mor...
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  29.  28
    A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Emotion Recognition Ability and Intelligence.Katja Schlegel, Tristan Palese, Marianne Schmid Mast, Thomas H. Rammsayer, Judith A. Hall & Nora A. Murphy - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):329-351.
    The ability to recognise others’ emotions from nonverbal cues is measured with performance-based tests and has many positive correlates. Although researchers have...
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  30.  15
    Faces in the Wild: A Naturalistic Study of Children’s Facial Expressions in Response to an Internet Prank.Michael M. Shuster, Linda A. Camras, Adam Grabell & Susan B. Perlman - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):359-366.
    ABSTRACTThere is surprisingly little empirical evidence supporting theoretical and anecdotal claims regarding the spontaneous production of prototypic facial expressions used in numerous emotion re...
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  31.  17
    Daily Rumination About Stress, Sleep, and Diurnal Cortisol Activity.Michael R. Sladek, Leah D. Doane & Reagan S. Breitenstein - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):188-200.
    Rumination is an involuntary cognitive process theorized to prolong arousal and inhibit proper emotion regulation. Most available research has examined individual differences in cognitive dispositi...
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  32.  19
    Reliability and Validity of Measures of Attentional Bias Towards Threat in Unselected Student Samples: Seek, but Will You Find?Bram Van Bockstaele, Luuk Lamens, Elske Salemink, Reinout W. Wiers, Susan M. Bögels & Kyriaki Nikolaou - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):217-228.
    Although attentional bias is considered a key characteristic of anxiety problems, the psychometric properties of most AB measures are either problematic or unknown. We conducted two experiment...
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  33.  19
    Attentional Allocation to Task-Irrelevant Fearful Faces is Not Automatic: Experimental Evidence for the Conditional Hypothesis of Emotional Selection.Quentin Victeur, Pascal Huguet & Laetitia Silvert - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):288-301.
    A growing body of research indicates that attentional biases toward emotional stimuli are not automatic, but may depend on the relevance of emotion to the top-down search goals of the observer. To...
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  34.  23
    An Orderly Personality Partially Explains the Link Between Trait Disgust and Political Conservatism.Xiaowen Xu, Annika K. Karinen, Hanah A. Chapman, Jordan B. Peterson & Jason E. Plaks - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):302-315.
    Individuals who are more easily disgusted tend to be more politically conservative. Individuals who have a preference for order also tend to be more politically conservative. In the present researc...
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  35.  6
    Emotion Regulation Choice: A Broad Examination of External Factors.Gerald Young & Gaurav Suri - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):242-261.
    Emotion regulation choices are known to be profoundly consequential across affective, cognitive, and social domains. Prior studies have identified two important external factors of emotion regulati...
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  36.  14
    Exploring the Relationship Between Gamma-Band Activity and Maths Anxiety.Michael Batashvili, Paul A. Staples, Ian Baker & David Sheffield - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1616-1626.
    ABSTRACTPrevious research has outlined high anxiety in connection with gamma modulation, identifying that gamma-band activity correlates with processing of threat perception, attention...
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  37.  10
    The Effect of Rumination on Recall of Emotional Words: Comparison of Dysphoric Individuals with and Without a History of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury.Konrad Bresin, Kristen Mccowan & Edelyn Verona - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1655-1671.
    ABSTRACTPrior research and theory has suggested that rumination plays a role in nonsuicidal self-injury, and rumination increases recall of negative autobiographical information in dysphoric...
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  38.  11
    Reduced Associative Memory for Negative Information: Impact of Confidence and Interactive Imagery During Study.Jeremy B. Caplan, Tobias Sommer, Christopher R. Madan & Esther Fujiwara - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1745-1753.
    ABSTRACTAlthough item-memory for emotional information is enhanced, memory for associations between items is often impaired for negative, emotionally arousing compared to neutral information. We te...
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  39.  11
    From Face to Face: The Contribution of Facial Mimicry to Cognitive and Emotional Empathy.Hanna Drimalla, Niels Landwehr, Ursula Hess & Isabel Dziobek - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1672-1686.
    ABSTRACTDespite advances in the conceptualisation of facial mimicry, its role in the processing of social information is a matter of debate. In the present study, we investigated the relationship b...
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  40.  15
    Echoing the Emotions of Others: Empathy is Related to How Adults and Children Map Emotion Onto the Body.Matthew E. Sachs, Jonas Kaplan & Assal Habibi - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1639-1654.
    ABSTRACTEmpathy involves a mapping between the emotions observed in others and those experienced in one’s self. However, effective social functioning also requires an ability to differentiate one’s...
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  41.  19
    Oh, the Things You Don’T Know: Awe Promotes Awareness of Knowledge Gaps and Science Interest.Jonathon McPhetres - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1599-1615.
    ABSTRACTAwe is described as an a “epistemic emotion” because it is hypothesised to make gaps in one’s knowledge salient. However, no empirical evidence for this yet exists. Awe is also hypothesised...
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  42.  15
    Mindfulness and Negative Affectivity in Real Time: A Within-Person Process Model.Malek Mneimne, Samantha Dashineau & K. Lira Yoon - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1687-1701.
    ABSTRACTTo extend our understanding of the proximal etiology of personality pathology, this study examined the dynamic, in-the-moment relations between mindfulness and negative affectivity (NA; emo...
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  43.  9
    When More is Not Merrier: Shared Stressful Experiences Amplify.Sasha Nahleen, Georgia Dornin & Melanie K. T. Takarangi - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1718-1725.
    ABSTRACTSharing experiences with others, even without communication, can amplify those experiences. We investigated whether shared stressful experiences amplify. Participants completed the Cold Pre...
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  44.  6
    The Relation Between Emotion Regulation Choice and Posttraumatic Growth.Ana I. Orejuela-Dávila, Sara M. Levens, Sara J. Sagui-Henson, Richard G. Tedeschi & Gal Sheppes - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1709-1717.
    ABSTRACTPrevious research has examined emotion regulation and trauma in the context of psychopathology, yet little research has examined ER in posttraumatic growth, the experience of pos...
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  45.  19
    Divergent Effects of Instructed and Reported Emotion Regulation Strategies on Children’s Memory for Emotional Information.Parisa Parsafar & Elizabeth L. Davis - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1726-1735.
    ABSTRACTDistraction can reduce adults’ memory for emotion-eliciting information, whereas reappraisal can preserve or enhance it. Yet, when given instructions to use specific emotion regulation...
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  46.  6
    Stop Crying! The Impact of Situational Demands on Interpersonal Emotion Regulation.Lisanne S. Pauw, Disa A. Sauter, Gerben A. Van Kleef & Agneta H. Fischer - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1587-1598.
    ABSTRACTCrying is a common response to emotional distress that elicits support from the environment. People may regulate another’s crying in several ways, such as by providing socio-affective suppo...
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  47.  13
    Spatial Location and Emotion Modulate Voice Perception.Ana P. Pinheiro, Diogo Lima, Pedro B. Albuquerque, Andrey Anikin & César F. Lima - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1577-1586.
    ABSTRACTHow do we perceive voices coming from different spatial locations, and how is this affected by emotion? The current study probed the interplay between space and emotion during voice percept...
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  48.  17
    You Are My Happiness: Socially Enriched Happiness Belief Predicts Life Satisfaction, Especially Among the Poor.Ji-eun Shin - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1702-1708.
    ABSTRACTWhat three words come to your mind in response to “happiness”? Using a free-association task [cf. Nelson, D. L., McEvoy, C. L., & Dennis, S.. What is free association and what does i...
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  49.  17
    Awe or Horror: Differentiating Two Emotional Responses to Schema Incongruence.Pamela Marie Taylor & Yukiko Uchida - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1548-1561.
    ABSTRACTExperiences that contradict one's core concepts elicit intense emotions. Such schema incongruence can elicit awe, wherein experiences that are too vast...
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  50.  10
    Predicting Early Emotion Knowledge Development Among Children of Colour Living in Historically Disinvested Neighbourhoods: Consideration of Child Pre-Academic Abilities, Self-Regulation, Peer Relations and Parental Education.Alexandra Ursache, Spring Dawson-McClure, Jessica Siegel & Laurie Miller Brotman - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1562-1576.
    ABSTRACTEmotion knowledge, the ability to accurately perceive and label emotions, predicts higher quality peer relations, higher social competence, higher academic achievement, and fewer behaviour...
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  51.  9
    Validating the Radboud Faces Database From a Child’s Perspective.Iris A. M. Verpaalen, Geraly Bijsterbosch, Lynn Mobach, Gijsbert Bijlstra, Mike Rinck & Anke M. Klein - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1531-1547.
    ABSTRACTFacial expressions play a central role in diverse areas of psychology. However, facial stimuli are often only validated by adults, and there are no face databases validated by school-aged c...
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  52.  15
    Change in Gaze-Based Attention Bias in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder.Susan W. White, Andrea Trubanova Wieckowski, Thomas H. Ollendick & Nicole Capriola-Hall - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1736-1744.
    ABSTRACTAlthough attention bias toward threat has been associated with Social Anxiety Disorder, concerns regarding the ability of current measures to detect change in AB following treatm...
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  53.  8
    Does It Help to Feel Your Body? Evidence is Inconclusive That Interoceptive Accuracy and Sensibility Help Cope with Negative Experiences.Giorgia Zamariola, Olivier Luminet, Adrien Mierop & Olivier Corneille - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1627-1638.
    ABSTRACTIn four studies, we examined the moderating impact of Interoceptive Accuracy and Interoceptive Sensibility (IS, ass...
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  54.  18
    Cognitive Engagement in Emotional Text Reading: Concurrent Recordings of Eye Movements and Head Motion.Ugo Ballenghein, Olga Megalakaki & Thierry Baccino - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1448-1460.
    ABSTRACTThe present study examined the effects of emotions on eye movements, head motion, and iPad motion during reading. Thirty-one participants read neutral, emotionally negative texts and emotio...
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  55.  9
    Delayed Reconfiguration of a Non-Emotional Task Set Through Reactivation of an Emotional Task Set in Task Switching: An Ageing Study.Natalie Berger, Anne Richards & Eddy J. Davelaar - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1370-1386.
    ABSTRACTIn our everyday life, we frequently switch between different tasks, a faculty that changes with age. However, it is still not understood how emotion impacts on age-related changes in task s...
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  56.  20
    Knowing Me, Knowing You: Emotion Differentiation in Oneself is Associated with Recognition of Others’ Emotions.Jacob Israelashvili, Suzanne Oosterwijk, Disa Sauter & Agneta Fischer - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1461-1471.
    ABSTRACTPrevious research has found that individuals vary greatly in emotion differentiation, that is, the extent to which they distinguish between different emotions when reporting on their own fe...
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  57.  8
    Semantic and Affective Manifestations of Ambi.Oksana Itkes, Zohar Eviatar & Assaf Kron - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1356-1369.
    ABSTRACTPeople sometimes report both pleasant and unpleasant feelings when presented with affective stimuli. However, what is reported as “mixed emotions” might reflect semantic knowledge about the...
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  58.  8
    The Influence of Pre-Training Evaluative Responses on Approach-Avoidance Training Outcomes.Anand Krishna & Andreas B. Eder - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1410-1423.
    ABSTRACTApproach-avoidance training has been shown to be effective in both clinical and laboratory research. However, some studies have failed to show the effects of AAT. Therefore, finding m...
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  59.  13
    Targeting Avoidance Via Compound Extinction.Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos & Iris M. Engelhard - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1523-1530.
    ABSTRACTAvoidance towards innocuous cues is a key diagnostic criterion across anxiety-related disorders. Importantly, the most effective intervention for anxiety-related disorders, exposure therapy with response prevention, sometimes does not prevent the relapse of anxiety's symptomatology. We tested whether extinction effects, the experimental proxy of exposure, are enhanced by increasing the discrepancy between the prediction of an unpleasant event happening, and the actual event. Forty-eight individuals first saw pictures of three stimuli. Two pictures were followed by a shock and one was not. (...)
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  60.  15
    Being Moved by Meaningfulness: Appraisals of Surpassing Internal Standards Elicit Being Moved by Relationships and Achievements.Helen Landmann, Florian Cova & Ursula Hess - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1387-1409.
    ABSTRACTPeople can be moved and overwhelmed, a phenomenon typically accompanied by goose-bumps and tears. We argue that these feelings of being moved are not limited to situations that are appraise...
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  61.  15
    The Impact of Emotional Faces on Younger and Older Adults’ Attentional Blink.Allison M. Sklenar & Andrew Mienaltowski - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1436-1447.
    ABSTRACTThe attentional blink is the impaired ability to detect a second target when it follows shortly after the first among distractors in a rapid serial visual presentation...
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  62.  11
    State Emotional Clarity and Attention to Emotion: A Naturalistic Examination of Their Associations with Each Other, Affect, and Context.Renee J. Thompson & Matthew Tyler Boden - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1514-1522.
    ABSTRACTDespite emotional clarity and attention to emotion being dynamic in nature, research has largely focused on their trait forms. We examined the association between state and trait forms of t...
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  63.  13
    It Was Intuitive, and It Felt Good: A Daily Diary Study on How People Feel When Making Decisions.Thea Zander-Schellenberg, Carina Remmers, Johannes Zimmermann, Stefan Thommen & Roselind Lieb - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1505-1513.
    ABSTRACTIn daily life, people make plenty of decisions, either intuitively or based on analysis. So far, research has examined when decision-making leads to correct or biased outcomes. In the prese...
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  64.  12
    Facial Expressions Can Inhibit the Activation of Gender Stereotypes.Xiaobin Zhang, Qiong Li, Shan Sun & Bin Zuo - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (7):1424-1435.
    ABSTRACTUsing faces as the priming stimuli, the present study explored the influence of facial expressions on the activation of gender stereotypes using a lexical decision paradigm. Experiment 1 explored the activation of gender stereotypes when the facial primes contained only gender information. The results showed that gender stereotypes were activated. In Experiment 2, the facial primes contained both gender category and expression information. The results indicated that gender stereotypes were not activated. Experiment 3 required the participants to make emotion, gender, (...)
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  65.  13
    The Evil Eye Effect: Vertical Pupils Are Perceived as More Threatening.Sinan Alper, Elif Oyku Us & Dicle Rojda Tasman - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (6):1249-1260.
    ABSTRACTPopular culture has many examples of evil characters having vertically pupilled eyes. Humans have a long evolutionary history of rivalry with snakes and their visual systems were evolved to rapidly detect snakes and snake-related cues. Considering such evolutionary background, we hypothesised that humans would perceive vertical pupils, which are characteristics of ambush predators including some of the snakes, as threatening. In seven studies conducted on samples from American and Turkish samples, we found that vertical pupils are perceived as more threatening (...)
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  66.  13
    “Passion” Versus “Patience”: The Effects of Valence and Arousal on Constructive Word Recognition.Anne Kever, Delphine Grynberg, Arnaud Szmalec, Eleonore Smalle & Nicolas Vermeulen - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (6):1302-1309.
    ABSTRACTAccumulating evidence suggests that emotional information is often recognised faster than neutral information. Several studies examined the effects of valence and arousal on word recognition, but yielded partially diverging results. Here, we used two alternative versions of a constructive recognition paradigm in which a target word is hidden by a visual mask that gradually disappears, to investigate whether the emotional properties of words influence their speed of recognition. Participants were instructed either to classify the incrementally appearing word as emotional or (...)
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  67.  14
    Many Moral Buttons or Just One? Evidence From Emotional Facial Expressions.Laura Franchin, Janet Geipel, Constantinos Hadjichristidis & Luca Surian - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):943-958.
    ABSTRACTWe investigated whether moral violations involving harm selectively elicit anger, whereas purity violations selectively elicit disgust, as predicted by the Moral Foundations Theory. We analysed participants’ spontaneous facial expressions as they listened to scenarios depicting moral violations of harm and purity. As predicted by MFT, anger reactions were elicited more frequently by harmful than by impure actions. However, violations of purity elicited more smiling reactions and expressions of anger than of disgust. This effect was found both in a classic set (...)
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  68.  7
    Attention to Faces and Gaze-Following in Social Anxiety: Preliminary Evidence From a Naturalistic Eye-Tracking Investigation.Nicola J. Gregory, Helen Bolderston & Jastine V. Antolin - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):931-942.
    ABSTRACTSocial attentional biases are a core component of social anxiety disorder, but research has not yet determined their direction due to methodological limitations. Here we present preliminary findings from a novel, dynamic eye-tracking paradigm allowing spatial–temporal measurement of attention and gaze-following, a mechanism previously unexplored in social anxiety. 105 participants took part, with those high and low in social anxiety traits entered into the analyses. Participants watched a video of an emotionally-neutral social scene, where two actors periodically shifted their gaze (...)
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  69.  11
    A Different Kind of Pain: Affective Valence of Errors and Incongruence.Ivan Ivanchei, Alena Begler, Polina Iamschinina, Margarita Filippova, Maria Kuvaldina & Andrey Chetverikov - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1051-1058.
    ABSTRACTPeople hiss and swear when they make errors, frown and swear again when they encounter conflicting information. Such error- and conflict-related signs of negative affect are found even when there is no time pressure or external reward and the task itself is very simple. Previous studies, however, provide inconsistent evidence regarding the affective consequences of resolved conflicts, that is, conflicts that resulted in correct responses. We tested whether response accuracy in the Eriksen flanker task will moderate the effect of trial (...)
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  70.  87
    The Impact of Past Behaviour Normality on Regret: Replication and Extension of Three Experiments of the Exceptionality Effect.Lucas Kutscher & Gilad Feldman - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):901-914.
    Norm theory (Kahneman & Miller, 1986) described a tendency for people to associate stronger regret with a negative outcome when it is a result of an exception (abnormal behavior) compared to when it is a result of routine (normal behavior). In two pre-registered studies, we conducted a replication and extension of three classic experiments on past behavior exception/routine contrasts (N = 684). We successfully replicated Kahneman and Miller’s (1986) experiments with the classic hitchhiker-scenario (Part 1) and car accident-scenario (Part 2). (...)
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  71.  11
    Generalisation of Threat Expectancy Increases with Time.Arne Leer, Dieuwke Sevenster & Miriam J. J. Lommen - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1067-1075.
    ABSTRACTExcessive fear generalisation is a feature characteristic of clinical anxiety and has been linked to its aetiology. Previous animal studies have shown that the mere passage of time increases fear generalisation and that brief exposure to training cues prior to long-term testing reverses this effect. The current study examined these phenomena in humans. Healthy participants learned the relationship between the presentation of a picture of a neutral male face and the delivery of a mild shock. One group was immediately tested (...)
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  72.  12
    Surprise: Unfolding of Facial Expressions.Marret K. Noordewier & Eric van Dijk - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):915-930.
    ABSTRACTResponses to surprising events are dynamic. We argue that initial responses are primarily driven by the unexpectedness of the surprising event and reflect an interrupted and surprised state in which the outcome does not make sense yet. Later responses, after sense-making, are more likely to incorporate the valence of the outcome itself. To identify initial and later responses to surprising stimuli, we conducted two repetition-change studies and coded the general valence of facial expressions using computerised facial coding and specific facial (...)
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  73.  15
    Bypassing the Gatekeeper: Incidental Negative Cues Stimulate Choices with Negative Outcomes.Niek Strohmaier & Harm Veling - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1059-1066.
    ABSTRACTThe Theory of Event Coding predicts that exposure to affective cues can automatically trigger affectively congruent behaviour due to shared representational codes. An intriguing hypothesis from this theory is that exposure to aversive cues can automatically trigger actions that have previously been learned to result in aversive outcomes. Previous work has indeed found such a compatibility effect on reaction times in forced-choice tasks, but not for action selection in free-choice tasks. Failure to observe this compatibility effect for aversive cues in (...)
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  74.  5
    Memory for Dangers Past: Threat Contexts Produce More Consistent Learning Than Do Non-Threatening Contexts.Akos Szekely, Suparna Rajaram & Aprajita Mohanty - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1031-1040.
    ABSTRACTIn earlier work we showed that individuals learn the spatial regularities within contexts and use this knowledge to guide detection of threatening targets embedded in these contexts. While it is highly adaptive for humans to use contextual learning to detect threats, it is equally adaptive for individuals to flexibly readjust behaviour when contexts once associated with threatening stimuli begin to be associated with benign stimuli, and vice versa. Here, we presented face targets varying in salience in new or old spatial (...)
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  75.  10
    Reappraising Faces: Effects on Accountability Appraisals, Self-Reported Valence, and Pupil Diameter.Jennifer Yih, Harry Sha, Danielle E. Beam, Josef Parvizi & James J. Gross - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1041-1050.
    ABSTRACTMany of our emotions arise in social contexts, as we interact with and learn about others. What is not yet clear, however, is how such emotions unfold when we either react to others or attempt to regulate our emotions. To address this issue, 30 healthy volunteers reacted to or reappraised positive or negative information that was paired with neutral faces. While they were doing this task, we assessed pupillary responses. We also asked participants to provide ratings of accountability and experienced (...)
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  76.  14
    Toward a Consensual Taxonomy of Emotions.Dacher Keltner - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):14-19.
  77.  20
    Revisiting the Past and Back to the Future: Horizons of Cognition and Emotion Research.Sander L. Koole & Klaus Rothermund - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):1-7.
    ABSTRACTTo commemorate that Cognition & Emotion was established three decades ago, we asked some distinguished scholars to reflect on past research on the interface of cognition and emotion and prospects for the future. The resulting papers form the Special Issue on Horizons in Cognition and Emotion Research. The contributions to Horizons cover both the field in general and a diversity of specific topics, including affective neuroscience, appraisal theory, automatic evaluation, embodied emotion, emotional disorders, emotion-linked attentional bias, emotion recognition, emotion regulation, (...)
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  78.  23
    Does Emotion Influence Visual Perception? Depends on How You Look at It.Paula M. Niedenthal & Adrienne Wood - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):77-84.
  79.  11
    Embracing Integration and Complexity: Placing Emotion Within a Science of Brain and Behaviour.Luiz Pessoa - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):55-60.
  80.  26
    Cognition and Emotion: A Plea for Theory.Rainer Reisenzein - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):109-118.
  81.  18
    Cognition and Emotion: On Paradigms and Metaphors.Dirk Wentura - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):85-93.
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