Journal of Critical Realism

ISSNs: 1476-7430, 1572-5138

37 found

View year:

  1.  11
    The four C’s model of thematic analysis. A critical realist perspective.Michalis Christodoulou - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (1):33-52.
    This article provides a critical realist (CR) alternative to the standard approaches to Thematic Analysis (TA) in qualitative research, namely the Braun-Clarke approach (reflexivity while coding themes), the Attride-Sterling approach (clustering basic, global and organizing themes), and Boyatzis' approach (clarifying criteria for assessing the absence/presence of themes in the raw material). In the CR traditions, the experiential themes /inferential themes /dispositional themes and the data/codes/themes distinctions have been proposed recently as the methodological device for answering the question “what is the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  12
    Making realism work, from second wave feminism to extinction rebellion: an interview with Caroline New.Caroline New & Jamie Morgan - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (1):81-120.
    Caroline New is an energetic activist who has interpolated critical realist ideas into the front-line of political activism. In this wide-ranging interview, she begins by reflecting on her life and how she became a realist and her account is illustrated with personal anecdotes recalling memories of well-known philosophers and activists from the time. She discusses how her position set her apart from other feminists and she examines the interacting threads of longstanding debates on the political left, as well as longstanding (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  6
    Making realism work, from second wave feminism to extinction rebellion: an interview with Caroline New.Caroline New & Jamie Morgan - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (1):81-120.
    Caroline New is an energetic activist who has interpolated critical realist ideas into the front-line of political activism. In this wide-ranging interview, she begins by reflecting on her life and how she became a realist and her account is illustrated with personal anecdotes recalling memories of well-known philosophers and activists from the time. She discusses how her position set her apart from other feminists and she examines the interacting threads of longstanding debates on the political left, as well as longstanding (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  3
    Critical realism as a fruitful approach to social work research as illustrated by two studies from the field of child and family welfare.Vibeke Samsonsen & Inger Kristin Heggdalsvik - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (1):18-32.
    This paper argues the case for taking a critical realist (CR) approach to social work research. The normativity in social work is often under-communicated in the social sciences, resulting in research that has an unclear value base as its starting point. Social work practice promotes social change and people's development, empowerment, and liberation. By taking a CR of view as a starting point for researching social problems, the focus shifts towards explaining phenomena by revealing and discussing the mechanisms through which (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  1
    The discursive emergence of ‘the market’ in capitalist political economy: crisis system and the Longue Durée.Rob Faure Walker & John P. O’Regan - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 23 (1):1-17.
    This paper presents a longue durée account of the discursive emergence of ‘the market'. It seeks to develop understanding of the ‘crisis system' by showing that the crises of the present have their origins earlier than some critical realist scholars have suggested and can be better understood by the theorization of the generative mechanisms that emerged from the economic and political chaos of the early 1600s. Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is employed to show that in the context of the emergence (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  6
    The ‘three domains of reality’: do we need them? A reply.Priscilla Alderson - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):924-927.
    This is a brief reply to the roundtable entitled ‘Does critical realism need the concept of three domains of reality?’ in which Dave Elder-Vass, Tom Fryer, Ruth Porter Groff, Cristián Navarrete and...
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  8
    Democracy and human nature: a layered system analysis.Carl Auerbach - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):882-903.
    This paper addresses a question posed by the increase of democratic backsliding: whether democracy itself is compatible with human nature. It analyses democracy as a layered system consisting of three levels: the political/institutional, the social/interactional and the psychological/intrapsychic. At each level it uses evolutionary theory to describes features of a ‘light side’ of human nature that makes democracy possible, and of a ‘dark side’ of human nature that leads to democratic backsliding. At the political/institutional level these features are the reduction (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  1
    Morphogenetic Régulation in action: understanding inclusive governance, neoliberalizing processes in Palestine, and the political economy of the contemporary internet.Andrew Dryhurst, Daniel ‘Zach’ Sloman & Yazid Zahda - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):813-839.
    The Morphogenetic Régulation approach (MR) contributes to the Morphogenetic Approach by explaining the material and ideational origins of change and stasis in agency, structure, and culture. In this paper, we focus on the expressive quality of ideas and systemic persistence in three research projects. The first demystifies inclusive governance and its adverse impacts. It shows how, contrary to institutions of governance, inclusiveness is not simply a norm but actually the explication of corporate agents’ ideas about rational choice institutionalism which leads (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  8
    Comment on the roundtable discussion ‘Does critical realism need the concept of three domains of reality?’.Mervyn Hartwig - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):922-923.
    Dear EditorOn the face of it, it is surprising that well-respected proponents of critical realism have taken the piece by Tom Fryer and Cristián Navarrete seriously in the roundtable discussion ‘Do...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  7
    Unpacking the impacts of programmatic approach to assessment system in a medical programme using critical realist perspectives.Priya Khanna, Chris Roberts, Annette Burgess, Stuart Lane & Jane Bleasel - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):840-858.
    Traditional, positivist assessment approaches generally fail to capture the nuances of learners’ clinical competence in medical programmes. This has led to the implementation of an alternate assessment approach known as ‘programmatic assessment’, which embraces subjectivity of human judgement in holistic decision making in clinical settings. Faculty and staff have found the introduction of programmatic assessment to be challenging because it is a major, complex change to the traditional way of carrying out assessment. Extending our previous work, where we used critical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  8
    Complexity, trans-immanent systems and morphogenetic régulation: towards a problématique of calibration.Karim Knio - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):790-812.
    This article aims to study the intersection between critical realism and complexity theories through the existing literature on complex systems via an engagement with Luhmann’s autopoiesis. With reference to the philosophies of substance and persistence, I build on previous critical realist scholarship and provide an explanation for what the literature has only noted as the limitations and potentials of autopoiesis for complex systems thinking and its compatibility with Critical Realism. By highlighting how Luhmann’s autopoiesis is not a trans-immanent/ perdurantist-exdurantist system, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  6
    Realist complexity, between causal and complex systems: introduction to the 2022 conference special issue.Karim Knio & Margaux Schulz - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):767-770.
    This Special Issue of Journal of Critical Realism (JCR) is dedicated to the 2022 International Association for Critical Realism (IACR) Conference, which was hosted by the International Institute of...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  5
    Crime and the metaphysical animal.Alan Norrie - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):904-921.
    This essay considers how we talk in moral terms about crime and punishment using a framework that comes from psychoanalysis. The idea of the human as a metaphysical animal, an animal that thinks and loves, is given a naturalistic explanation in Freudian metapsychology as it was developed by Melanie Klein and Hans Loewald. While the former helps us understand the desire to punish as the enjoyable return of pain for pain, the latter indicates how mature human beings seek to pursue (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  5
    Call for papers: special issue of Journal of Critical Realism on ‘critical realism and the self’.Onur Ozmen - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):928-930.
    Ultimately all change in the social world depends on self-expansion leading to self-transcendence, that is, depends upon, even if it does not entirely consist in, radical negation, which is pivotal...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  3
    Realist evaluation and its role in the stages of explanatory research based on critical realism.Juan David Parra - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):859-881.
    This article advocates for the validity of Realist Evaluation (RE) as a manifestation of Critical Realism in evaluation research despite criticisms suggesting that the former disregards principles from Bhaskarian ontology. Specifically, I argue that critics overstate RE's philosophical actualism in their argument that its inclination towards technocratic knowledge impedes its scrutiny of stratified social systems. Notwithstanding its limitations in fully elucidating causal structural mechanisms in social inquiry, I argue that RE's research rationale can contribute to the stages of explanatory research (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  2
    Bhaskar’s philosophy as third generation systems theory, with implications for ethics and earth system stability.Leigh Price - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (5):771-789.
    Bhaskar's philosophy supports society via a process of homeostasis to resist socioecological system disintegration by developing its values and ethics in response to endogenous and exogenous change. To the contrary, positivist (first generation) and hermeneuticist (second generation) approaches to systems theory have distorted humanity's mechanism of homeostasis because, amongst other things, they disallow the use of facts to guide values/actions. Since acting on knowledge is, ceteris paribus, a given in Bhaskar's approach, resolving socioecological system problems involves correcting the method of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  9
    Universal basic income, services, or time politics? A critical realist analysis of (potentially) transformative responses to the care crisis.Richard Bärnthaler & Corinna Dengler - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (4):670-691.
    1. The Covid-19 pandemic has made strikingly visible both the essential role of care work in societies and worrying symptoms of a care crisis (Dowling 2021; Rao 2021). These symptoms have become ma...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  9
    A realist analysis of civilized tourism in China: a cultural structural perspective.Li Li, Jing Wang & Samrat Hazra - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (4):692-719.
    The emerging discourse of hopeful tourism (Hunter 1997; Lee et al. 2017; Pritchard, Morgan, and Ateljevic 2011; Sampaio, Thomas, and Font 2012; Schultz et al. 2005; Tolkach, Pratt, and Zeng 2017) h...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  4
    A realist evaluation of post-implementation modifications: a context-initiative-mechanism-outcome perspective.Taiwo Oseni, Mahbubur Rahim & Susan Foster - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (4):645-669.
    This paper exemplifies a theoretical and methodological evaluation of IT Initiatives. It discusses post-implementation modifications (ERP-PIM) to enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems for the purpose of business process optimization (BPO) from a Context-Initiative-Mechanism-Outcome (CIMO) perspective. CIMO suggests that context and mechanisms are factors triggering causal effects responsible for outcomes derived from technology initiatives. Through conceptualization, data collection/analysis, and retroduction, the paper proposes a middle-range theory to facilitate the explanation of outcomes from diverse post-implementation initiatives. Data from multiple case study identifies (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  2
    World politics, critical realism and the future of humanity: an interview with Heikki Patomäki, Part 2.Heikki Patomäki & Jamie Morgan - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (4):720-766.
    Heikki Patomäki is Professor of World Politics (Global Political Economy) at the University of Helsinki.1 In Part 1 of this interview (Patomäki and Morgan 2023) he discussed his work and career up...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21.  5
    In praise of functional morals and ethics.Howard Richards - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (4):626-644.
    This essay can be called, if you will, an exercise in choosing which words to use when in our contemporary context. I hope to add something useful to the work being done by Pierre Macherey (Machere...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  5
    In search of a democratic school culture: an analysis from the lenses of critical realism.Senem Sanal-Erginel & Sıtkıye Kuter - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (4):605-625.
    Dewey’s understanding of democratic school life is regarded as the early foundation of democratic education (Cohen et al. 2009). Similarly, Biesta (2007) underlines the significant role of schools...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  16
    Critical realism, the climate crisis and (de)growth.Hubert Buch-Hansen & Peter Nielsen - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):347-363.
    What does it entail to study the climate crisis from – or consistently with – a critical realist perspective? The paper addresses this question in three steps. First, it considers the boundaries of critical realism in relation to climate crisis research. In this context it identifies climate science as a field that in important respects resonates implicitly with critical realism. Conversely, a book by human ecologist Andreas Malm is introduced as an example of a work that, while sympathetic to critical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  2
    Scientific realism and quantum theory: on the status of the ‘unobservables’.Arunima Chakraborty - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):445-466.
    Scientific realism does not view theoretical terms as mere instruments of experimental predictions; it grants referential status to natural kind terms with 'epistemic access' and view scientific theories and terms as corresponding to physical phenomena and entities which exist independently of observation, and as thereby being the source of objective -approximate and not absolute- knowledge of the physical realm. As a result, scientific realism is accused of ontologising the unobservables. Against this charge, scientific realism posits the idea of the dialectical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  8
    Applying critical realism in an interdisciplinary context: an interview with Berth Danermark.Berth Danermark & Jamie Morgan - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):525-561.
    In this wide-ranging interview Berth Danermark discusses several things. First, his route into realism via community activism, an interest in the theory and practice of Marx and Engels and the philosophy of Mario Bunge, and inspiration drawn from Herman Hesse. Second, the formation of the Nordic Network for Critical Realism and realism's enduring foothold in Scandinavia. Third, the career trajectory that took him from research on urban planning to the formation of the Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR). He discusses (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  6
    Painting with natural pigments on drowning land: the necessity of beauty in a new economy.Maria Jordet - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):467-485.
    This article draws on insights of young people learning to make natural pigments and traditional paintings in acute climate vulnerable areas. Why do they paint during ongoing crises and how do they voice their future concerns? Critical realism is applied as a meta-theory in this field-based study in a slum area in Kolkata and the Sundarbans mangrove forest. Methods comprise focus groups, semi-structured interviews, and participant observation. Analysis was done in an abductive process, applying Roy Bhaskar’s model of ‘four-planar social (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  5
    Critical realism and the ontology of Eco-Marxism between emergence and hybrid monism.Facundo Nahuel Martín - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):411-430.
    Eco-Marxism presents a debate between two theoretical schools: metabolic rift theory, developed by John Foster and others, and world-ecology, proposed by Jason W. Moore. The debate refers ultimately to ontology, more precisely to the relation between society and nature. Critical realism plays a central role as the philosophical underlabouring for metabolic rift theory and has implications regarding the Anthropocene/Capitalocene debate as well. Reviewing the debate through CR categories provides clarity about the specifically social character of the causes of ecological disruptions. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  6
    The transactional gift-exchange: a morphogenetic analysis of unpaid internships.Andrew Morrison - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):486-503.
    This paper combines the use of gift theory and the metatheory of the Morphogenetic Approach as a framework for the proposal that the relationship between unpaid interns and ‘employers’ may be conceptualized as a form of transactional, but asymmetrical, gift-exchange. The article begins by applying insights from gift theory to the findings of a range of studies into unpaid internships. It is argued that, while interns are the initial gift-givers in delivering unpaid labour, ‘employers’ often demonstrate weak reciprocation in terms (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  16
    The contributions of scientific realism and critical realism to realist evaluation.Ferdinand C. Mukumbang, Denise E. De Souza & John G. Eastwood - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):504-524.
    Realist evaluation has gained prominence in the field of evaluation in recent years. Its theory-driven approach to explaining how and why programmes work or not makes it attractive to many novices, early career researchers, and organizations implementing various programmes globally and relevant to policymakers and programme implementers. While realist evaluation seeks to be pragmatic, adopting principles and methods that can be used to help focus an evaluation, its deep ontological and epistemological foundations make its application in real-life situations challenging. In (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  11
    Putting philosophy to work: developing the conceptual architecture of research projects.Adam J. Nichol, Catherine Hastings & Dave Elder-Vass - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):364-383.
    Research necessarily entails the close interrelation of concepts and arguments, including solutions to a range of meta-questions, whether acknowledged explicitly or not. Despite this, few detailed accounts currently exist that support researchers to develop their complex conceptual architectures, especially in critical realist spheres. Indeed, many published accounts often omit much of this ‘messiness’ that sits behind, yet is foundational to, research projects. Those accounts that do seek to portray how/why researchers have made decisions (e.g. about connections between research philosophy, methodology, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  4
    On integral theory: an exercise in dialectical critical realism.Iskra Nunez - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):431-444.
    This article offers an omissive critique of integral theory. To this objective, the article draws upon dialectical logic to investigate the affinities between integral theory and critical realism. Section 1 identifies new possibilities regarding the role of metatheory in practice by unpacking the metatheoretical coordinates of critical realism and integral theory. After providing a brief history of the origins of critical realism and integral theory, I review the ontological, epistemological, and methodological metatheorems of dialectical critical realism, and I put them (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  4
    World politics, critical realism and the future of humanity: an interview with Heikki Patomäki, Part 1.Heikki Patomäki & Jamie Morgan - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):562-603.
    In Part 1 of this wide-ranging interview Heikki Patomäki discusses his early work and career up to the Global Financial Crisis. He provides comment on his role as a public intellectual and activist, his diverse academic interests and influences, and the many and varied ways he has contributed to critical realism and critical realism has influenced his work. In Part 2 he discusses his later work, the predicament of humanity and the role of futures studies.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33.  5
    Social mechanisms: bridging critical realist and pragmatist approaches.Bridget Ritz - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):404-410.
    In this paper, I discuss critical realists’ and contemporary sociological pragmatists’ approaches to conceptualizing social mechanisms, which, on my reading, each involve some ambiguities or confusions. I sketch some corrections and clarifications that bring into view ways pragmatism and critical realism might inform each other in a constructive fashion on the question of what social mechanisms are. Finally, I suggest a concept of social mechanisms that is compatible with both critical realist and pragmatist insights, as a starting point from which (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  3
    Accounting for complexity in critical realist trials: the promise of PLS-SEM.Heidi Singleton, Sam Porter, John Beavis, Liz Falconer, Jacqueline Priego Hernandez & Debbie Holley - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):384-403.
    Background: Randomized controlled trials have been criticized for their inability to identify and differentiate the causal mechanisms that generate the outcomes they measure. One solution is the development of realist trials that combine the empirical precision of trials' outcome data with realism's theoretical capacity to identify the powers that generate outcomes. Main Body: We review arguments for and against this position and conclude that critical realist trials are viable. Using the example of an evaluation of the educational effectiveness of virtual (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  10
    Does critical realism need the concept of three domains of reality? A roundtable.Dave Elder-Vass, Tom Fryer, Ruth Porter Groff, Cristián Navarrete & Tobin Nellhaus - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (2):222-239.
    The concept of the three domains of reality is widely used in empirical critical realist research. However, there has been little scrutiny of how the domains are conceptualized and what they contribute to critical realism and how they should be applied in empirical research. This paper involves four arguments. First, Tom Fryer and Cristián Navarrete argue that the three domains of reality are redundant, confusing, and unsupported by Bhaskar’s theorizing. Second, Dave Elder-Vass argues that the three domains schema embodies a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  7
    An interdisciplinary realist take on moral agency.Li Li - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (2):195-221.
    This paper reports an empirical study on moral reasoning. It seeks to answer two questions: in the moral framing of tourism matters, what does this reasoning consist of? How are these elements mobilized by actors to reach moral pronouncement(s)? Through the means of group interviews, abduction and retroduction, this study finds that moral muteness (i.e. silence to socially unacceptable conduct) seems to be the moral pronouncement that the participants are likely to conduct in a condition whereby the social and cultural (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  2
    Critical realism and ‘downward causality’: professional rugby union as an extreme sport.Graham Scambler - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (2):161-172.
    Only too often critical realist contributions to understanding and explaining social phenomena fall into one of two discrete categories: exercises in philosophy or social theory, or empirical research that strikes as more or less atheoretical. This paper continues a long-term project to build bridges between abstruse issues of philosophy and theory and attempts to grasp the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of actual social events. The topic selected is elite professional rugby union and the principal theme is its emergence as an extreme (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues