Journal of Critical Realism

ISSNs: 1476-7430, 1572-5138

29 found

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  1.  3
    Are post-human technologies dehumanizing? Human enhancement and artificial intelligence in contemporary societies.Ismael Al-Amoudi - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):516-538.
    Post-human technologies, such as human enhancements and artificial intelligence, blur or displace the boundaries of our common humanity. While these technologies enhance many valuable human powers, there is limited philosophical discussion as to whether and how they can also be dehumanizing? To answer this question, I start from a philosophical discussion of the concept of ‘dehumanization' and argue that it conflates three social mechanisms through which (i) human flourishing is impeded; (ii) subalterns are degraded; and (iii) automated processes replace typically (...)
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  2.  2
    Ethics and emancipation in action: concrete utopias.Dave Elder-Vass - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):539-551.
    This is an edited transcript of a keynote paper given at IACR's 2021 Annual Conference. The paper outlines a critical realist approach to critique and illustrates its application to the contemporary economy. It argues that responsible, constructive critique depends on ethics, on causal explanation, and on the development of utopian visions. Utopias are tools, and concrete utopias are not visions of whole alternative ready-made societies, but rather partial models that can be built in practice as elements of the larger social (...)
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  3.  3
    Special issue: Judgemental rationality.Robert Isaksen - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):589-591.
    I shall argue that although ontology is important, we also have to pay attention to other features of the intellectual landscape, including epistemology and issues to do with judgemental rationalit...
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  4. What’s in a conference theme? Some reflections on critical realist research and its emergence in Africa over a period of 20+ years.Heila Lotz-Sisitka - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):483-501.
    In keeping with the 2021 IACR Conference theme (Re) Envisaging Emancipatory Research, Science and Practice, this paper reviews over fifty instances of critical realist research in Africa which have sought to establish emancipatory research praxis by using critical realism to underlabour a range of applied studies in a diversity of disciplines and countries. The initiators of this research have been drawn to critical realism for several reasons, most notably its return to ontology, its interest in transformed, transformative praxis, and its (...)
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  5.  6
    Neoliberalism’s conditioning effects on the university and the example of proctoring during COVID-19 and since.Sioux McKenna - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):502-515.
    Neoliberalism has shaped the academy in ways that constrain its potential as a public good. Neoliberalism is based on the assumption that, by submitting to the so-called neutral forces of the market, wealth can be created alongside the achievement of equality and efficiency. Although this assumption is demonstrably false, neoliberalism remains politically powerful. As an example, this article discusses how neoliberalism has enabled the rapid uptake of proctoring software during the covid pandemic and since. ‘Proctoring' is the online monitoring of (...)
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  6. A laminated, emergentist view of skills ecosystems.Presha Ramsarup, Heila Lotz-Sisitka & Simon McGrath - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):571-588.
    In this paper we present a model of vocational education and training (VET) that can be used to guide decisions relating to VET in Africa today. This model takes the critique of the neoclassical, neoliberal model of VET as its starting point. Guided by Bhaskar's Critical Naturalism, we use immanent critique to consider the adequacy of proposed alternatives to the neoclassical approach, such as: the heterodox approach, which foregrounds explanations based on human capital and political economy; and Hodgson and Spours' (...)
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  7. A critical realist (re-)envisaging of emancipatory research, science and practice.Ingrid Schudel - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):477-482.
    In September 2021, Rhodes University’s Environmental Learning Research Centre, together with WITS’s Centre for Researching Education and Labour (REAL), hosted The 24th annual International Associat...
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  8.  7
    Critical realist hermeneutics.Frédéric Vandenberghe - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (5):552-570.
    The article resituates critical realism within critical theory and proposes a tripartite articulation of British critical realism, German critical theory and French anti-utilitarianism. It suggests that the critique of positivism has to be enhanced with a critique of utilitarianism and makes the case that both critiques have to be grounded in a hermeneutic approach to social life. By taking the symbolic constitution of the world seriously, critical realist hermeneutics offers a via media between naturalism and anti-naturalism, explanation and interpretation, universalism (...)
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  9.  5
    An examination of the practice of chemistry through the lens of critical realism.Margaret A. L. Blackie - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (4):401-415.
    In this paper, the practice of chemistry is viewed in terms of the interaction of three elements – the physical world (at the molecular level), the conceptual world (the canon of chemistry) and the social world (the community of chemists). This interaction, which is based on critical realist ideas such as, for example, the transitive and intransitive dimensions of reality, affords a clear distinction between the practice of chemistry as science and the practice of chemistry as technology. It also shows (...)
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  10.  3
    Engaging social science students in the philosophy of science: 10 pieces of advice on how to teach a difficult subject.Hubert Buch-Hansen - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (4):385-400.
    It can be challenging to introduce the philosophy of social science (PoS) to students in the social sciences. Noting the lack of literature providing guidance to the prospective PoS teacher, this paper outlines several pieces of advice on how to engage social science undergraduates in the subject. This advice centres on showing the relevance of the PoS in academia and beyond, reducing complexity and presenting only a few contending PoS perspectives. It is also proposed to use textbooks with caution or (...)
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  11.  17
    A critical realist approach to thematic analysis: producing causal explanations.Tom Fryer - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (4):365-384.
    Thematic analysis (TA) is one of the most popular methods in social science. There are several different approaches to TA that hold different ontological commitments, ranging from positivistic coding reliability TA to constructivist reflexive TA. However, there has been less focus on developing an approach that is informed by critical realism, with the notable exception of Wiltshire and Ronkainen. The first part of this paper proposes a five-step critical realist approach to TA. This approach aims to produce nuanced causal explanations (...)
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  12.  3
    Moral Agency Within Social Structures and Culture: A Primer on Critical Realism for Christian Ethics: edited by Daniel K. Finn, Foreword by Margaret S. Archer, Afterword by Lisa Sowle Cahill, Washington, D.C., Georgetown University Press, 2020, xiv + 116 pp., $89.95 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-1-626-16800-8, $29.95 (paperback), ISBN: 978-1-626-16801-5, $29.95 (eBook), ISBN: 978-1-626-16802-2. [REVIEW]Angelo Julian E. Perez & Teofilo Giovan S. Pugeda - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (4):471-476.
    Daniel K. Finn’s Moral Agency Within Social Structures and Culture: A Primer on Critical Realism for Christian Ethics (Moral Agency for short) contributes well to the mutual enrichment of critical...
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  13.  10
    A realist journey through social theory and political economy: an interview with Andrew Sayer.Andrew Sayer & Jamie Morgan - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (4):434-470.
    In this wide-ranging interview Andrew Sayer discusses how he became a realist and then the development of his work over the subsequent decades. He comments on his postdisciplinary approach, his early work on economy and its influences, how he came to write Method in Social Science and the transition in Realism and Social Science to normative critical social science and moral economy. The interview concludes with discussion of his three most recent books and the themes that connect them, not least (...)
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  14.  2
    Explaining the reorganization of political space in local governance reform: would critical realism help?Yi Yang - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (4):416-433.
    When explaining the causes of structural variations in local governance reform, regional studies scholars face a trilemma: how to avoid voluntarism that over-inflates individuals’ power to ‘heroically’ reorganize local governance regimes; how to avoid determinism that denies the prowess of local actors in the face of institutional constraints; and how to avoid constructivism that denies the separate existence of both individual actions and local institutions. The question they must answer is: if individuals are embedded in institutions that define their interests (...)
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  15.  8
    Pragmatism, critical realism and the study of value.Dave Elder-Vass - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (3):261-287.
    This paper examines the relationship between pragmatism and critical realism, first as alternative philosophies for the social sciences in general, and second, as an illustration, in the social stu...
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  16.  7
    Overlapping traditions with divergent implications? Introduction to the special issue on pragmatism and critical realism.Dave Elder-Vass & Karin Zotzmann - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (3):257-260.
    Intellectual traditions can be seen as complex patchworks of ideas, constructed differently by each observer as they learn about the tradition, and harmonized to an extent through the boundary work...
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  17.  3
    Organizational de-structuring? Latour’s potential contribution to the critical realist – pragmatist dispute.Stephen Kemp - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (3):309-330.
    This article explores a key difference that Elder-Vass has identified between critical realism and pragmatism: their divergent views on the viability of the concept of social structure. Noting that...
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  18.  5
    Social positioning theory and Dewey’s ontology of persons, objects and offices.Stephen Pratten - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (3):288-308.
    Social positioning theory, in defending a general social ontology, is a particular extension of critical realism. It is a theory of social constitution that clarifies how items including human bein...
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  19.  2
    Skilled migrant workplace integration: the choice between pragmatism and critical realism approaches.Thi Tuyet Tran, Roslyn Cameron, Alan Montague, Nuttawuth Nuenjohn & Shea Fan - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (3):331-351.
    This article provides a rationale for adopting the critical realism instead of pragmatism paradigm when researching skilled migrants' workplace integration in Australia. While the extant...
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  20.  6
    Round table: is the common ground between pragmatism and critical realism more important than the differences?Karin Zotzmann, Emily Barman, Douglas V. Porpora, Mark Carrigan & Dave Elder-Vass - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (3):352-364.
    One theme of this special issue is an incitement to reconsider the relationship between pragmatism and critical realism. While their advocates sometimes come into conflict, there are also clearly b...
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  21.  7
    ‘Materially social’ critical realism: an interview with Dave Elder-Vass.Dave Elder-Vass & Jamie Morgan - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (2):211-246.
    In this wide-ranging interview, Dave Elder-Vass discusses his main contributions to critical realist theory over two decades. In the first half, he explains his early work on emergence, agency, str...
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  22.  2
    Towards an eco-decolonial museum practice through critical realism and Cultural Historical Activity Theory.Tom Jeffery - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (2):170-195.
    Museum practice remains rooted in its historical ontology of nature-culture dualism. This article moves beyond this dualism by combining Bhaskar’s dialectical MELD schema with cultural historical a...
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  23.  5
    How to phrase critical realist interview questions in applied social science research.Andreas Brönnimann - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (1):1-24.
    ABSTRACT The tenets of critical and social realism are well supported in the literature. However, researchers following a realist paradigm have concerns about the lack of methodical guidance for qualitative interviewing, despite their affirmation about the importance of in-depth interviews. A conducted review of empirical realist literature provides evidence of an absence of guidance and commonality regarding interview planning practices. To overcome this absence, this paper composes a guiding framework to assist researchers to phrase more appropriate interview questions in realist (...)
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  24.  2
    Social causation and biographical research: philosophical, theoretical and methodological arguments: by Giorgos Tsiolis and Michalis Christodoulou, Abingdon, Routledge, 2020, 119pp., £38.28 (hardback), ISBN 978-0367620363. [REVIEW]Dave Elder-Vass - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (1):119-121.
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  25.  7
    Problematizing people management practices: a critical realist study of knowledge sharing.Konstantinos Kakavelakis & Tim Edwards - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (1):46-64.
    ABSTRACT Within the field of Human Resource Management, it is assumed that people management practices, including teamworking and cultural initiatives, enable knowledge sharing because they encourage employees to work collaboratively. Perhaps less well understood are occasions when such efforts fail to deliver knowledge sharing arrangements. Here we employ the critical realist concept of emergence to situate the introduction of people management practices in support of knowledge sharing, to examine how such efforts create the emergent properties to either share or not (...)
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  26.  32
    The strategic-relational approach, realism and the state: from regulation theory to neoliberalism via Marx and Poulantzas, an interview with Bob Jessop.Jamie Morgan & Bob Jessop - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (1):83-118.
    ABSTRACT In this wide-ranging interview, Bob Jessop discusses the development of, and many of the main themes in, his work over the last fifty years. He explains how he became interested in realism and Marxism; and he describes the various influences on his highly influential theory of the state. The discussion explores his strategic-relational approach, his thoughts on regulation theory, variegated capitalism, post-disciplinarity, cultural political economy and his ‘spatial-turn’, as well as neoliberalism, contemporary events and looming problems of climate change (...)
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  27.  5
    The loneliness of a long-distance critical realist student: the story of a doctoral writing group.Karen Sheppard, Angela Davenport & Catherine Hastings - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (1):65-82.
    ABSTRACT As doctoral students from New Zealand and Australia, advised by supervision teams with a diversity of critical realist experience from limited to none, we came independently to the 2018 Critical Realism conference – primed to seek increased understanding, confidence, motivation, and reassurance. We certainly found these things from the pre-conference, presentations, and individuals within the critical realist community. We also found each other, and a virtual writing group was born. This article is a description of what we did, why, (...)
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  28.  7
    Doing ‘judgemental rationality’ in empirical research: the importance of depth-reflexivity when researching in prison.Matthew L. N. Wilkinson, Mallory Schneuwly Purdie, Lamia Irfan & Muzammil Quraishi - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (1):25-45.
    ABSTRACT Critical realist thought has theorised convincingly that epistemic relativism is constellationally embedded in ontological realism which in turn necessitates judgemental rationality. In social science, judgemental rationality involves acting upon plausible decisions about competing points of view. However, the tools for doing this are, as yet, under-articulated. This paper addresses this absence by articulating triangulation and depth-reflexivity as two tools for doing judgemental rationality in empirical research. It draws on the experiences of a diverse team working on an international comparative (...)
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  29.  14
    Moral Agency Within Social Structures and Culture: A Primer on Critical Realism for Christian Ethics. [REVIEW]I. I. I. Teofilo Giovan S. Pugeda & Angelo Julian E. Perez - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 4 (4):1-6.
    Daniel K. Finn’s Moral Agency Within Social Structures and Culture: A Primer on Critical Realism for Christian Ethics (Moral Agency for short) contributes well to the mutual enrichment of critical...
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