12 found

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  1.  16
    Descartes’ Atomism of Thought: A Solution to the Puzzle About True and Immutable Natures.Steven Burgess - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (2):1-30.
    Central to Descartes’ philosophy is a view about immutable essences and eternal truths. After mentioning a Platonist account of recollection in Meditation V, Descartes declares that the ideas we have of mathematical notions “are not my invention but have their own true and immutable natures” (AT VII, 64/CSM II, 44).Descartes claims that other important philosophical notions, such as God, mind, body, and human free will (AT VII, 68; AT VIII-2, 348; AT III, 383; AT VII, 433, respectively), also have immutable (...)
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  2.  1
    Cavell's Challenge. Cynicism and Moral Realism in Light of the Later Wittgenstein.Cecilie Eriksen - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (2).
    Legitimacy challenges are part of human societies. Whenever we recognise a person, law, ideal or institution as authoritative, questions can be raised about their legitimacy. Why follow this law? Why strive to honour this moral ideal? If such questions are repeatedly raised, they pose an undermining threat to the authorities in question. This is good if the challenged law or ideal is harmful, but problematic, if it is beneficial. Where the first kind of legitimacy challenges are raised by ethical pioneers (...)
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  3. Absolut Idealisme- Et Glemt Potentiale?Nikolaj Pilgaard Petersen - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (2).
    Physicalism is the most widely accepted metaphysical view today. The thesis of physicalism, however, seems unable to adequately explain the existence and nature of consciousness. Moreover, the thesis is not itself a scientific finding but must be characterized as a metaphysical assumption. Hence, there are strong reasons to explore alternatives to the physicalist view. While metaphysical theses based on classic idealistic views like subjective or absolute idealism have been largely absent from the philosophical debate during most of the 20th century, (...)
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  4.  2
    Literary Experience as Experience of Literary Worlds. Imagination's Bearing on Literary Reality and Phantasy's Bearing on Literary Existence.Bianca Bellini - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    While reading literary works, what do readers experience? Do they experience only the words they listen to or read? How can we describe the experience of reading literary works? Do phantasy and imagination play any role during such experiences? These kinds of questions usually give rise to a twofold kind of research: on the one hand, a philosophical effort of combing through literature itself as a philosophical object of study, and — on the other hand — an attempt to argue (...)
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  5.  3
    Literature as Ethics: Stanley Cavell, Robert Musil, and Th Scope of Moral Perfectionism.Mette Blok - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    “But can philosophy become literature and still know itself?” With this pointed question the American philosopher Stanley Cavell famously ended his monumental work The Claim of Reason, thereby expressing his vision for the relation between philosophy and literature.
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  6.  1
    Poetry, Philosophy and Madness in Plato.Benjamin Boysen - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    Plato’s unease with the poets is well-known from his expulsion of them from his city-state in The Republic, where they embody the very inversion of philosophical self-understanding. Philosophy – which is guided by reason, wisdom, and self-control – is here seen to find itself in the highest opposition to poetry inasmuch the latter dangerously provokes desire, pleasure, and madness. Here philosophy is understood as a praxis of reason, establishing an ideal, active, and self-determined homogeneity opposed to poetry, understood as an (...)
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  7.  1
    The Literary Representation of Reality.Helle Munkholm Davidsen - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    This article presents a reflection of the epistemological question of literary representation of reality. The epistemological status of literature is not obvious, because literature is fictional. Therefore, it is not evident in what way literature represents reality and to what degree the literary representation is true in the corresponding sense of the word. Through an exploration of Proust and his reflections on the same question in A la recherche du temp perdu, this article will analyse the representational question. This analysis (...)
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  8. How to Justify Ethical Criticism.Leander Møller Gøttcke - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    As the title of my paper reveals, the question that I want to discuss is a simple one: How should we justify ethical criticism of literature? To try to answer this question may, however, seem like a strange task for two very different reasons.
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  9.  2
    The Question of Unreliability in Autobiographical Narration.Nils Gunder Hansen - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    In the year 2001 Kristian Ditlev Jensen, a young Danish journalist and former literary student, published a book by the title Det bliver sagt. Here he told of the sexual abuses he suffered as a child in a relationship with a pedophile adult friend, called Gustav in the book. The book became a sensation, not only due to its shocking content but also because of its astonishing literary qualities. It has the suspense of a page turner and at the same (...)
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  10.  12
    Rancière's Proust: A Rebirth of Aesthetics.William Melaney - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    Philosopher and literary theorist, Jacques Rancière, has argued that Marcel Proust’s work as a novelist enables us to understand how modern literature articulates and largely resolves a specifically aesthetic crisis. From Rancière’s standpoint, Proust shows us how the dominant conflict in nineteenth-century French literature was carried beyond a mere opposition and given a new aesthetic significance in the modern novel. In this paper, I will discuss Jacques Rancière’s attempt to assess Proust’s contribution to literature in the wake of the aesthetic (...)
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  11.  3
    Truth in Fiction Reconsidered.Christer Nyberg - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    Possible and narrative worlds are traditionally the most influential tools for explaining our understanding of fiction. One obvious implication of this is considering fiction as a matter of pretence. The theory I offer claims that it is a mistake to take truth as a substantial notion. This view rejects possible worlds and pretence as decisive features in dealing with fiction. Minimalist theory of fiction offers a solution that gives a way to combine a philosophical theory of meaning and views of (...)
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  12.  1
    Knowledge and Ethics in Literature A Perspective on Literature Through the Lenses of Karl Ove Knausgård and K. E. Løgstrup.Bjørn Rabjerg - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    This article explores some of the thoughts on literature and its cognitive potential, its revelatory force, found in the philosophy of Danish thinker, philosopher and theologian K.E. Løgstrup. Løgstrup was a professor of ethics and the philosophy of religion at Aarhus University, and he was a very influential person in Danish culture from the 1950’s until his death in 1981. The topic in question here concerns the relation between art and reality – or to put it another way the relation (...)
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