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  1. The Advance of Technoscience and the Problem of Death Determination.Bas de Boer & Jonne Hoek - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):306-331.
    Death determination has long been a topic of intensive technoscientific and medical involvement. Due to advances in twentieth-century medical technology, the distinction between life and death has become less evident. Ambiguities appear when we start to use life-support technologies in order to save lives, bringing about “tragic artifacts” such as brain death and persistent vegetative state. In this paper we ask how this technoscientific and medical involvement shapes our understanding of death. We provide an overview of medical literature that has (...)
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  2. Interface Formats of the Self: On Colin Koopman’s Theory of Infopower. [REVIEW]Ethan Hallerman - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):412-423.
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  3. Six Hegelian Theses About Technology.Shachar Freddy Kislev - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):376-404.
    Hegel has long been considered a major thinker of progress. This paper extends Hegel’s philosophy of progress into an outline of a philosophy of technology. It does this not by directly reading the little Hegel wrote on the subject, but by introducing six central Hegelian ideas that bear on the technological thought. It argues that, for Hegel, mankind is destined to change its destiny; that true change involved qualitative change; that true change is conceptual, and not material, change; that history (...)
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  4. Is It Really Only Real Friends Who Really Help You Move the Body? [REVIEW]Joshua M. Penrod - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):408-411.
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  5. The Hermeneutic Circle of Data Visualization.Dario Rodighiero & Alberto Romele - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):357-375.
    In this article, we show how postphenomenology can be used to analyze the Affinity Map: a data visualization that reveals the hidden dynamics that exist between individuals within large organizations. We make use of the Affinity Map to expand the classic postphenomenology that privileges a ‘linear’ understanding of technological mediations and introduce the notions of ‘iterativity’ and ‘collectivity.’ In the first section of the paper, we discuss both classic and more recent descriptions of human-technology-world relations in order to transcendentally approach (...)
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  6. Ethics Beyond Transparency.Bonnie Sheehey - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):256-281.
    This paper responds to recent work highlighting the problematic racial politics of predictive policing technologies. Drawing on Michel Foucault’s account of ethics as counter-conduct, I develop a set of ethical techniques for resisting the racial injustice at work in predictive policing. This framework has the advantage, I argue, of not reducing the ethical issues of predictive policing solely to epistemic concerns of transparency. What I suggest is that we think about the ethics of technology less as an epistemic problem than (...)
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  7.  12
    Reliabilism and the Testimony of Robots.Billy Wheeler - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):332-356.
    We are becoming increasingly dependent on robots and other forms of artificial intelligence for our beliefs. But how should the knowledge gained from the “say-so” of a robot be classified? Should it be understood as testimonial knowledge, similar to knowledge gained in conversation with another person? Or should it be understood as a form of instrument-based knowledge, such as that gained from a calculator or a sundial? There is more at stake here than terminology, for how we treat objects as (...)
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  8. Effing the Ineffable.Ryan Wittingslow - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):282-305.
    Motivating this article is an interest in how postphenomenological technical relations participate in aesthetic experiences. Introducing aesthetic experience into our analyses of technical relations allows us to better tease apart the distinction between our relationship with the artefact, and how we experience that relationship. However, the sublime poses a unique set of complications for postphenomenologists. Thanks to the overwhelming qualities of the sublime, it is unclear where sublimity fits within the Ihdean relational taxonomy—or indeed, if it can at all, given (...)
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  9. Redefining the Datafication of Selves. [REVIEW]Elise Li Zheng - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):405-407.
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  10.  4
    New Editors' Introduction.Kirk Besmer & Ashley Shew - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):1-2.
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  11.  4
    Technology In Between the Individual and the Political.Lars Botin, Bas de Boer & Tom Børsen - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):1-14.
    Critical Constructivism and postphenomenology are two possible ways of describing, analysing and evaluating the role and meaning of technology in contemporary society and world. Whereas Critical Constructivism looks at the way technologies are dealt with on a macro level considering systems and programs, then postphenomenology digs into the individual and personal appropriation and understanding of technology in everyday life. This means that there is a gap for what concerns levels, but also in relation to what they want to accomplish. The (...)
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  12.  4
    Bridging Critical Constructivism and Postphenomenology at Techno-Anthropology.Tom Børsen - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):218-246.
    Both postphenomenology and critical constructivism are central paradigms used as philosophies and theoretical resources at the Master’s program in Techno-Anthropology at Aalborg University. In the fall of 2018 a didactical experiment was set up as Techno-Anthropology Master’s students were introduced to postphenomenology and critical constructivism and asked to compare these two theoretical positions. This comparative assignment and following class discussions between students, a guest lecturer and teachers is the point of departure for this paper. First, the paper introduces Techno-Anthropology with (...)
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  13.  3
    Contingency and Potential.Daryl Cressman - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):138-157.
    Unsatisfied with an intellectual history that divides the philosophy of technology into classical and empirical approaches, the following paper suggests a renewed attention to dialectical philosophies of technology. Drawing on the work of Andrew Feenberg, I argue that dialectical philosophies of technology are not essentialist holdovers from the past, but are empirically grounded approaches that direct researchers to ask why we have the technologies we do. From this, dialectical philosophies of technology open up ways to think about technology that prioritize (...)
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  14.  5
    Discovering Subjectivity in the Technosystem.Bas de Boer - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):62-82.
    Two of the main approaches of what is often referred to as the ‘empirical philosophy of technology’ are postphenomenology and critical constructivism. Critical constructivists charge postphenomenologists for paying too little attention to the fact that our society is co-constituted not only by technologies, but also by forms of rationality exercised on a political level. Postphenomenologists, then, charge critical constructivism for insufficiently recognizing that the way technologies are appropriated in the lifeworld often evades forms of institutionalized rationality. The goal of this (...)
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  15.  13
    Critical Constructivism, Postphenomenology and the Politics of Technology.Andrew Feenberg - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):27-40.
    Critical constructivism adds a dimension of collective action to postphenomenology. This paper explains the intervention of collective subjects into technological design. That intervention presupposes communication between lay and expert actors which is made possible by the dependence of technical disciplines on the lifeworld. Understanding the public processes of intervention requires a notion of multiple types of rationality and a social account of technological design.
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  16.  5
    Democratic Potentialities and Toxic Actualities.Nolen Gertz - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):178-194.
    In this paper I argue that while Feenberg’s critical constructivism can help us to see the political potential of technologies, it cannot help us to understand the political actuality of technologies without the help of postphenomenology. In part 2, I examine Feenberg’s attempt to merge Frankfurt School critical theory and SCOT into “critical constructivism.” In part 3, I focus on Feenberg’s analyses of the internet in order to highlight a blind spot in critical constructivism when it comes to threats to (...)
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  17.  2
    Almost a Critical Theorist..Don Ihde - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):15-26.
    This article starts with an autobiographical reflection in which I first trace how close I came to doing my Ph.D. studies with Herbert Marcuse when he was at Brandeis University; then follows my early post-Ph.D. work which continued to use critical theorists in teaching, later following a growing disillusionment with the implicit elitism of many critical theory authors. Then I turn to deeper philosophical reasons for my divergence from critical theory by introducing the notion of “shelf-life,” and argue that much (...)
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  18.  3
    The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.Lisa Nelson - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):195-217.
    There is little debate that there are important ethical questions that we must answer as we increase our reliance on social networking technologies such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and YouTube for our communications, interactions and connections. Social media is at the center of many of our greatest public policy challenges but the moral role it plays in relation to human behavior is far from settled. Part of the difficulty we face in addressing the unique challenges of social networking technologies is (...)
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  19.  4
    Philosophy of Technology in the Anthropocene Avant la Lettre. [REVIEW]Mithun Bantwal Rao - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):247-255.
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  20.  8
    But, That’s Not Phenomenology!Robert Rosenberger - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):83-113.
    A discussion is emerging within the contemporary philosophy of technology over issues of discrimination through design. My suggestion is that a productive way to approach this topic is through a combination of insights from the postphenomenological and critical constructivist perspectives. In particular, I recommend that we build on the postphenomenological notion of “multistability” and conceive of instances of discrimination through design as a kind of discriminatory “stability,” one possible instantiation of a device that could be usefully contrasted with others. Through (...)
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  21.  3
    But, That’s Not Phenomenology!Robert Rosenberger - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):83-113.
    A discussion is emerging within the contemporary philosophy of technology over issues of discrimination through design. My suggestion is that a productive way to approach this topic is through a combination of insights from the postphenomenological and critical constructivist perspectives. In particular, I recommend that we build on the postphenomenological notion of “multistability” and conceive of instances of discrimination through design as a kind of discriminatory “stability,” one possible instantiation of a device that could be usefully contrasted with others. Through (...)
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  22.  2
    The “Embodied Multi-Material Layering” of In Vitro Meat.Tina Sikka - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):158-177.
    In this article, I offer what I term a ‘embodied multi-material layering’ approach to study the phenomenon of laboratory or in vitro meat using insights from Don Ihde’s postphenomenological approach and Andrew Feenberg’s theory of critical constructivism. This approach offers a reflective, analytic, and normative model of technological analysis and critique that is indispensable to the study of the cutting edge technologies that combine bioinformatics with agrifood research and biomedical engineering.
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  23.  10
    The Purpose of Theory.Yoni Van Den Eede - 2020 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 24 (1-2):114-137.
    This paper zooms in on a recent development in the discussion between postphenomenology and critical constructivism: the attempt at working out a political philosophy in the framework of postphenomenology, specifically Peter-Paul Verbeek’s. Verbeek contrasts mediation theory to critical theory, arguing that critical theorists only “talk”; they don’t “do.” While the latter reproach postphenomenology/mediation theory for its lack of politics, Verbeek actually poses that “real” politics cannot be done by critical theorists—indeed exactly because of their not doing, that is, doing in (...)
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