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  1.  7
    Wittgenstein and Philosophy of Technology.Mark Coeckelbergh, Michael Funk & Stefan Koller - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):287-295.
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  2.  7
    From Calculus to Language Game.Christoph Durt - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):425-446.
    Cognitive technology is an increasingly important form of technology that can deal with meaning by either replicating or simulating human cognition. Cognitive technology can make use of information technology, but it strives to go beyond mere information processing by recognizing, changing, and creating meaning. This presents us with a two-sided challenge: On the one hand, cognitive technology is challenged to ‘understand’ meaning in ordinary language. And on the other, it challenges us to rethink fundamental questions of human cognition and sense-making. (...)
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  3.  3
    Repeatability and Methodical Actions in Uncertain Situations.Michael Funk - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):352-376.
    In this paper Ludwig Wittgenstein is interpreted as a philosopher of language and technology. Due to current developments, a special focus is on lifeworld practice and technoscientific research. In particular, image-interpretation is used as a concrete methodical example. Whereas in most science- or technology-related Wittgenstein interpretations the focus is on the Tractatus, the Investigations or On Certainty, in this paper the primary source is his very late triune fragment Bemerkungen über die Farben. It is argued that Wittgenstein’s approach can supplement (...)
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  4.  4
    Wittgensteinian Humanism, Democracy, and Technocracy.Eric B. Litwack - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):314-333.
    In this article, the author explores some possible applications of Wittgenstein’s humanistic psychology, epistemology and philosophy of culture for the philosophy of technology, and more particularly, for the question of valuing a possible future technocracy over contemporary democratic systems. Major aspects of the article involve a discussion of some of Wittgenstein’s key views on certainty, cultural relativism, the problem of other minds, and gradual socio-cultural change. In order to examine these problems, the author draws from both a wide range of (...)
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  5.  1
    A Feeling for the Work as a Limited Whole.Alfred Nordmann - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):334-351.
    This is a paper, on the face of it, about Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and its contribution to the philosophy of technology. As such, it advances a three-fold claim: Especially the early Wittgenstein was not a philosopher of technology. Though he does not recognize philosophical problems of technology—for example, of engineering knowledge—he is keenly aware of the limits of philosophy. Thus, he inadvertently opens up a perspective for the philosophy of technology, after all. By drawing out the implications of this perspective for (...)
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  6.  16
    Artefacts as Social Things.Michał Piekarski & Witold Wachowski - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):400-424.
    In these reflections, we want to prove a thesis whereby normativity of rules and norms may be linked to the domain of artefacts which we understand as social things. We claim that some norms and rules are situated in human socio-material ecosystems especially when it comes to the role played by affordances. The thesis advanced in this article will also enable us to indicate one of the potential interpretations of Wittgenstein’s ‘forms of life’ concept, demonstrating that some solutions suggested by (...)
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  7.  58
    Wittgenstein’s Remarks on Technology and Mental Mechanisms.Thomas Raleigh - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):447-471.
    This article provides a survey of Wittgenstein’s remarks in which he discusses various kinds of technology. I argue that throughout his career, his use of technological examples displays a thematic unity: technologies are invoked in order to illustrate a certain mechanical conception of the mind. I trace how his use of such examples evolved as his views on the mind and on meaning changed. I also discuss an important and somewhat radical anti-mechanistic strain in his later thought and suggest that (...)
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  8.  8
    Technological Investigations.Langdon Winner - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):296-313.
    Although Ludwig Wittgenstein did not offer a fully developed philosophy of technology, his writings contain an approach to inquiry that can be employed to explore situations in which people contend with technological devices and systems. His notions of ‘language games’ and ‘forms of life’ as well as the dramatic, imaginary dialogues in his later writings offer ways to transcend the sometimes rigid theoretical frameworks in contemporary technology studies. Especially as applied to rapidly moving infusions of computing and digital electronics in (...)
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  9.  10
    Artifacts as Rules.Mark Thomas Young - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (3):377-399.
    My goal in this article is to explore the extent to which the conception of rule-following which emerges from Wittgenstein’s later works can also yield important insights concerning the nature of technological practices. In particular, this article aims to examine how two interrelated themes of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations can be applied in the philosophical analysis of technology. Our first theme concerns linguistic practice; broadly construed, it is the claim that the use of language cannot be understood as determined by a (...)
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  10. Creativity, Human and Transhuman.Eduardo R. Cruz - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (2):158-190.
    Transhumanists, like other elites in modernity, place great value on human creativity, and advances in human enhancement and AI are at the basis of their proposals for boosting it. However, there are problems with this perspective, due to the unique way by which humans have evolved, procreate and socialize. We first describe how creativity is related to past evolution and developmental aspects of children, stressing pretend play and the ambivalent character of creativity. Then, proposals for enhancing creativity are entertained, be (...)
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  11.  90
    Creatvity, Human and Transhuman: The Childhood Factor.Eduardo R. Cruz - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (2):156-190.
    Transhumanists, like other elites in modernity, place great value on human creativity, and advances in human enhancement and AI form the basis of their propos- als for boosting it. However, there are problems with this perspective, due to the unique ways in which humans have evolved, procreated and socialized. I first describe how creativity is related to past evolution and developmental aspects in children, stressing pretend play and the ambivalent character of creativity. Then, I outline proposals for enhancing creativity, be (...)
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  12.  10
    Hegel, the Struggle for Recognition, and Robots.Nolen Gertz - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (2):138-157.
    While the mediational theories of Don Ihde and Peter-Paul Verbeek have helped to uncover the role that technologies play in ethical life, the role that technologies play in political life has received far less attention. In order to fill in this gap, I turn to the mediational theory of Hegel. Hegel shows how understanding the mediated nature of experience is vital to understanding the development of political life. Through examples found in the military, in particular concerning the relationship between explosive (...)
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  13.  4
    Wisdom Practices for Living with Technology.Richard S. Lewis - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (2):283-286.
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  14.  7
    Engineering Model Independence.Zachary Pirtle, Jay Odenbaugh, Andrew Hamilton & Zoe Szajnfarber - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (2):191-229.
    According to population biologist Richard Levins, every discipline has a “strategy of model building,” which involves implicit assumptions about epistemic goals and the types of abstractions and modeling approaches used. We will offer suggestions about how to model complex systems based upon a strategy focusing on independence in modeling. While there are many possible and desirable modeling strategies, we will contrast a model-independence-focused strategy with the more common modeling strategy of adding increasing levels of detail to a model. Levins calls (...)
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  15.  3
    A Cultural Semiotic Aesthetic Approach for a Virtual Heritage Project.Chrysanthos Voutounos & Andreas Lanitis - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (2):230-261.
    Continuing from Part A, in which we discuss the semiotic foundation for designing a virtual museum of Byzantine art, Part B presents an applied methodology for the representation of cultural artifacts through virtual technologies and semiotic techniques. We discuss how our semiotic model, case study semiosphere, contributes to design and evaluation research of such unique art-form representation and why the approach contributes as a whole to the field of Virtual Heritage. Theorizing further the design implications integrating the overall approach including (...)
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  16.  3
    Vallor’s Virtue Ethics Are Creative, Intrepid, and Profoundly Feminist.Samantha Fried - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1):135-137.
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  17.  7
    Trust in the Networked Era.Esther Keymolen - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1):51-75.
    This article is an update of Latour’s well-known case of the unreturned hotel key. In recent years, the hotel key has been replaced by a keycard and more recently by a digital key that can be downloaded on a smartphone. This article analyses how—with every step in the innovation process—the trust relation of hotel owner and hotel guest is mediated in a distinct way. The networked ontology of the digital key enables the collection of personal information from which the hotel (...)
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  18.  13
    Sound and Techné.Judith Lochhead - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1):126-134.
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  19.  2
    Braindance.Joshua M. Penrod - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1):76-97.
    Neuromarketing is the use of imaging technology to ascertain information about brain states during the viewing of advertising and products. It is an area of increasing interest for the purposes of both neuroscience brain research and marketing. At present, there remains significant disagreement about value of knowledge claims made by neuromarketing and its efficacy in both understanding and predicting consumer behavior. This paper outlines an approach to epistemic conception of neuromarketing by applying and broadening the categories of technological knowledge produced (...)
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  20.  4
    Imaginative Machines.Alberto Romele - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1):98-125.
    In philosophy of emerging media, several scholars have insisted on the fact that the “new” of new technologies does not have much to do with communication, but rather with the exponential growth of recording. In this paper, instead, the thesis advanced is that digital technologies do not concern memory, but imagination, and more precisely, what philosophers from Kant onwards have called productive imagination. In this paper, however, the main reference will not be Kant, but Paul Ricoeur, who explicitly refers to (...)
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  21.  14
    From Taquería to Medical School: Juan Carlos, Aristotle, Cognitive Enhancements, and a Good Life.Glenn " Trujillo & Boomer" - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1).
    This paper begins with a vignette of Juan Carlos, an immigrant to America who works to support his family, attends classes at a community college, and cares for his ill daughter. It argues that an Aristotelian virtue ethicist could condone a safe, legal, and virtuous use of cognitive enhancements in Juan Carlos’s case. The argument is that if an enhancement can lead him closer to eudaimonia (i.e., flourishing, or a good life), then it is morally permissible to use it. The (...)
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  22.  5
    From Taquería to Medical School.Glenn M. Trujillo - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1):1-27.
    This paper begins with a vignette of Juan Carlos, an immigrant to America who works to support his family, attends classes at a community college, and cares for his ill daughter. It argues that an Aristotelian virtue ethicist could condone a safe, legal, and virtuous use of cognitive enhancements in Juan Carlos’s case. The argument is that if an enhancement can lead him closer to eudaimonia, then it is morally permissible to use it. The paper closes by demonstrating how common (...)
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  23.  11
    Philosophical Explorations for a Concept of Emerging Technologies.Mauricio Villaseñor Terán - 2018 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22 (1):28-50.
    The term “emerging technologies” is greatly used nowadays in scientific publications, but its conceptual competence is not clear. The term remains poorly studied, especially from a philosophical stance. The following text aims to bring clarity and discussion about the term. First, I critique previous usages of the term. Thereafter, I conduct a lexico-hermeneutical analysis by questioning what it means for technologies to be qualified as “emerging.” Finally, I contrast the term with the akin terms of invention, innovation, and new and (...)
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