Critical Discourse Studies

ISSNs: 1740-5904, 1740-5912

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  1.  19
    ‘New’ Dutch Civic Integration: learning ‘Spontaneous Compliance’ to address inherent difference.Nadine Blankvoort, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Margo van Hartingsveldt & Anja Krumeich - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (4):463-481.
    In January 2022 the new Dutch Civic Integration programme was launched together with promises of improvements it would bring in facilitating the ‘integration’ of newcomers to the Netherlands. This study presents a critical discourse analysis of texts intended for municipalities to take on their new coordinating role in this programme. The analysis aims to understand the discourse in the texts, which actors are mobilized by them, and the role these texts and these actors play in processes of governmental racialization. The (...)
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  2.  73
    Unpacking ‘baby man’ in Chinese social media: a feminist critical discourse analysis.Yifan Chen & Qian Gong - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (4):400-417.
    This paper argues that the proliferation of the new term ‘baby man’ has an impact on reconstructing established gender relationships and resisting China's authoritarian political power in a highly-censored online environment. This study employs feminist critical discourse analysis to investigate how Chinese feminism adopts the discursive construction of ‘baby man’ and how they echo the complex historical and sociocultural backgrounds through a case study of 43 posts containing ‘baby man’ on Chinese social media. The finding suggests that the term ‘baby (...)
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  3.  37
    ‘Real men score’: masculinity in contemporary advertising discourse.Anna Islentyeva, Elisabeth Zimmermann, Nadia Schützinger & Andrea Platzer - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (4):418-441.
    This study investigates the strategies employed in the representation of masculinity in a sample of 50 advertising campaigns launched between 1999 and 2020. The chosen posters advertise products targeted at men that fit into five categories: beverages, food, daily care products, male fragrances, and clothing. Among the brands advertised are American Apparel, Clinique, Coca-Cola, Dove, Givenchy, McDonald's, and Nike. The analysis of discursive strategies is complemented by an analysis of the Corpus of Contemporary American English that investigates the most salient (...)
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  4.  29
    ‘It’s probably still written by a white person’: challenging assumptions about racial identity in a critical professional development course.Audrey Lucero & Janette Avelar - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (4):383-399.
    In this article, we present a Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of the online discussion board posts of a group of elementary educators as they discussed their interpretations of four historical timelines that presented different – sometimes complementary and sometimes contradictory – information about the goals of the Lewis & Clark expedition and its effects on Native populations. This activity was one part of a virtual professional development course on anti-racist critical literacy pedagogy for K-8 teachers, which was structured around three (...)
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  5.  24
    Intensifying resistance through complexification: a positive discourse analysis of the portrayal of Amazighs in a selected Moroccan EFL textbook.Khalid Said, Taoufik Jaafari & Belqassem Laghfiri - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (4):442-462.
    Although critical discourse analysis (CDA) sets out to investigate both oppressive and progressive discourses, the vast bulk of published studies seem to prioritize the former. This paper is a response to scholarly calls to engage with (non)oppressive discourses by integrating positive impulses in critical discourse analysis, and thus contribute to the growth of positive discourse analysis (PDA), a complement to CDA, which attends to the emancipatory mechanisms of resistance. Using a combination of theoretical tools, this paper takes a case study (...)
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  6.  14
    Scepticism or conspiracy? A discourse analysis of anti-lockdown comments to online newspaper articles.Vanessa Tafi, Bryn Alexander Coles, Simon Goodman, Scott Yates & Christopher Elsey - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (4):482-501.
    This paper addresses responses to news about the imposing of a local lockdown in a UK city. The opposition to the measure shows it to be controversial as does the associated rejection of the grounds for taking action against covid more generally, which comes alongside the devaluing of expertise, resistance to public health responses, a proliferation of conspiracy theories and misinformation and the harm that can be caused by focussing on non-adherence to covid measure. The research question for this analysis (...)
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  7.  23
    Conspiracy theory discourses Conspiracy theory discourses, edited by Massimiliano Demata, Virginia Zorzi and Angela Zottola, Amsterdam, John Benjamins, 2022, 509 pp., $158.00 (hardback), ISBN 9789027212702. [REVIEW]Richard J. Whitt - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (4):502-504.
    Conspiracy theories – broadly understood to be (false) beliefs that major situations or events are being secretly engineered as part of some nefarious agenda – are nothing new, although the last de...
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  8.  14
    The representation of students in undergraduate prospectuses between 1998 and 2021: a diachronic corpus-assisted discourse study. [REVIEW]Duygu Candarli & Steven Jones - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):254-273.
    This article traces how students are represented in undergraduate prospectuses from 1998 to 2021 by employing a corpus-assisted approach to critical discourse analysis of a 1.9 million word corpus of prospectuses from a single Russell Group university in England. Recent decades have witnessed an increase in tuition fees and competition to attract students; hence, it is important to understand to what extent, if any, the representation of students has changed in the prospectuses. Our findings add to the literature by showing (...)
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  9.  7
    Hierarchies among intertextual references: reading Reggaeton Ilustrado’s digital humour through the colonial matrix of power.Beatriz Carbajal-Carrera - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):341-360.
    This article examines intertextuality in digital humour through a combination of tools from pragmatics and decoloniality. The study draws on a dataset of Spanish image macros that intertwine highbrow and lowbrow intertextual references. The analysis is framed by key theoretical concepts at the discursive and hierarchical levels. Specifically, three domains of the colonial matrix of power (knowledge, humanity and governance) are used as analytical categories to identify specific intertextual strategies and hierarchies present in the data. The visual and verbal components (...)
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  10.  11
    Stop family destruction!: ideologies concerning family destruction metaphors in same-sex marriage debates.Anita Yen Chiang & Hsi-Yao Su - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):237-253.
    The study investigates the conceptualizations and ideologies concerning family destruction metaphors in same-sex marriage debates. With data from the official websites of two opposing camps in Taiwan, we explore the ways conceptual metaphors can be adopted along with other linguistic resources to shape, redefine and negotiate new meanings of family. Drawing concepts from critical metaphor analysis (CMA), this study shows that the same conceptual metaphor can be used in different contexts to construct and promote seemingly binary ideologies. The adoption of (...)
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  11.  2
    Research methods for digital discourse analysis Research methods for digital discourse analysis, edited by Camilla Vásquez, London, UK, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2022, 352 pp., $39.95 (paperback), ISBN: 9781350166837. [REVIEW]Yifei Li - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):379-381.
    Digital technologies have changed nearly every aspect of our lives over the last two decades. As Warschauer, Zheng, and Park (2013, p. 825) put it, ‘there is little serious writing that is not done...
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  12.  8
    What is spatial planning saying? A conceptual and methodological framework to assess the institutionalization of nature using critical discourse analysis.Rúben Mendes, Teresa Fidélis, Peter Roebling, Filipe Teles & Michael Farrelly - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):274-292.
    Spatial planning policies are fundamental blocks for the implementation of sustainable development goals. Still, despite the growing adoption of environmental proxies, as it is nature-based solutions, the study of their institutionalization in policy and spatial planning is in the early stages. Simultaneously, the use of discursive and interpretative methods to unfold the social structures related to environmental issues is growing, nonetheless, their application is more common to supranational narratives. This article proposes a conceptual and methodological approach to using critical discourse (...)
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  13.  20
    Textbooks as ‘Neoliberal artifacts’: a critical study of knowledge-making in ELT industry.Asma Nizamani & Waqar Ali Shah - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):361-378.
    The present study examined the traces of neoliberal ideology in O-level English language textbooks taught in elitist private schools in Pakistan that follow the UK-based international educational system administrated by the University of Cambridge under the General Certificate of Education (GCE). Analysis in the study was informed by Fairclough's CDA writings. Moreover, Bourdieu's views on neoliberalism were also considered to shed some light on neoliberal ideology in the textbooks. Findings suggest that several neoliberal themes were evident in the textbooks under (...)
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  14.  11
    Unfit and cast aside: portrayals of mothering with intellectual disability in Québec court reports.Laura Pacheco, Rahel More, Marjorie Aunos & Rachelle Rose - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):322-340.
    Many mothers with intellectual disabilities lose their parental rights due to child welfare (CW) concerns. Despite the growing interdisciplinary scholarship on parenting with intellectual disabilities, there is scant research that has explored the discursive practices embedded within CW or family courts involving mothers with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this study is to explore portrayals of mothering with intellectual disability in CW court reports filed in Québec, Canada. A three-level critical discourse analysis was performed, focusing on 10 reports that were (...)
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  15.  8
    The discursive construction of gender and agency in the linguistic landscape of Ireland’s 2018 abortion referendum campaign.Louis Strange - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (3):293-321.
    In a 2018 referendum, the Irish electorate voted in favour of repealing Ireland's quasi-total legal ban on abortion. The referendum campaign saw important public discussions regarding gender roles in twenty-first century Ireland. While the constitutional ban on abortion was condemned by abortion rights advocates for marginalising women's agency, the legislation which replaced it has not escaped criticism either. Therefore, questions surrounding the conceptualisation of women's agency in the 2018 referendum are still relevant today. Adopting a multimodal critical discourse analysis approach, (...)
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  16.  10
    The politics of climate change metaphors in the U.S. discourse: conceptual metaphor theory and analysis from an ecolinguistics and critical discourse analysis perspective The politics of climate change metaphors in the U.S. discourse: conceptual metaphor theory and analysis from an ecolinguistics and critical discourse analysis perspective, by Othman Khalid Al-Shboul, Cham, Switzerland, Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, xix + 271 pp., EUR 119.99, ISBN: 978-3-031-19015-5 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-3-031-19016-2 (e-book). [REVIEW]Yang Hu - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (2):234-236.
    Climate change, as a sociopolitical issue, is mostly investigated under CDA and ecolinguistics, with a focus on the discourse of media coverage (e.g. newspapers). Nevertheless, little attention has...
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  17.  30
    Politicized or popularized? News values and news voices in China’s and Australia’s media discourse of climate change.Changpeng Huan - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (2):200-217.
    Despite worsening material realities of the climate, discursive tensions between a need to popularize climate issue and an increasing politicization trend in climate change communication continue to unfold. Politicizing climate change as an ideological conflict may mislead the public to perceive it as essentially a topic about politics rather than science and health. It also creates discursive and real political space for local governments and intergovernmental organizations to defray responsibilities and delay action. To closely examine the ways popularization and politicization (...)
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  18.  10
    How tick list sustainability distracts from actual sustainable action: the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.David Machin & Yueyue Liu - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (2):164-181.
    The United Nations ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’ lays out 17 Sustainable Development Goals to address a range of global issues related to the future of the planet and human well-being. Critics, however, argue that the Agenda, a complex product of multi-stakeholder governance, in its drive to accommodate many competing voices, is overloaded with weakly defined, overlapping and contradictory issues, concepts and buzzwords. These serve to gloss over actual concrete global problems and forces, concealing an underlying (...)
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  19.  16
    The hybrid discourse of the ‘European Green Deal’: road-mapping economic transition to environmental sustainability (almost) seamlessly.Katarzyna Molek-Kozakowska - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (2):182-199.
    The ‘European Green Deal’ (EGD) is a set of communications from the European Commission that outlines EU roadmap to climate neutrality by 2050. The policy envisions that, with the facilitation of speedy and just ‘green transition’, the goals of environmental protection and economic development can be reconciled. This article offers a language-focused critical study of the EGD. After giving an overview of neoliberal ‘discourses of sustainability’ and explaining the notion of ‘interdiscursivity’ in CDS, it presents the results of a close (...)
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  20.  18
    Negotiating climate change in public discourse: insights from critical discourse studies.Guofeng Wang & Changpeng Huan - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (2):133-145.
    This Special Issue collects five articles that are located in the present global context, and draw on methods from across critical discourse studies (CDS) to examine the interaction between material realities of climate change and discursive communication between different Parties and non-Party stakeholders in multimodal ways and on multiple platforms. To this end, it draws on discourses such as the UN speeches, UN documents, EU green deal policy, official documents submitted by African countries to the United Nations Framework Convention on (...)
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  21.  17
    Linguistic polyphony in UN speeches on climate change: an analysis of implicit argumentation.Guofeng Wang, Xiuzhen Wu, Yupei Xiang & Yingzi Qu - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (2):146-163.
    This study employs quantitative and qualitative methodologies mainly to examine how UNFCCC Executive Secretaries use concessive but-constructions and linguistic polyphony to implicitly argue points of view and convey stance in speeches on climate change. Our findings indicate that, in order to achieve its goals for global climate governance while adhering to humanitarian and diplomatic principles, UNFCCC speeches delivered to the Parties to the Convention and the Stakeholders emphasize the urgent need for concerted action on climate change while implicitly expressing discontent (...)
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  22.  15
    Positioning as discursive struggle for equity: a critical discourse analysis of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) of African countries.Xufeng Zhu & Xin Shang - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (2):218-233.
    Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are critical climate policy documents formulated by the Party countries, under the UNFCCC Paris Agreement, to communicate their goals and commitments to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. As an emerging discourse genre, it has attracted increasing attention from discourse analysts. However, few studies have specifically focused on the NDCs of African countries as a whole, leading into the situation in which their positions and voices are largely underrepresented in the current (...)
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  23.  11
    An ‘attractive alternative way of wielding power’? Revealing hidden gender ideologies in the portrayal of women Heads of State during the COVID-19 pandemic.Carolin Debray, Stephanie Schnurr, Joelle Loew & Sophie Reissner-Roubicek - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):52-75.
    This paper explores the gendered discourses of the – seemingly favourable – media coverage that certain Heads of State received for their handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. Looking at media reports published in different English-speaking outlets in the US, the UK, India, Bangladesh, Singapore, New Zealand, Australia, and Ireland, and using multimodal feminist critical discourse analysis, we identify and describe strategies that on the surface appear to challenge hegemonic – and largely masculine – discourses of leadership. Upon closer scrutiny, these (...)
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  24.  20
    The argumentative function of rescue narratives: Trump’s national security rhetoric as a case study.Rania Elnakkouzi - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):17-33.
    A pervasive feature of populism is the use of rescue narratives to stimulate emotional adherence with audience predicated on evoking fear versus hope for salvation. This paper argues that restricting the rhetorical appeal of rescue narratives to the affective domain obscures the argumentative function that these narratives partake in constructing political arguments. It, thus, claims that rescue narratives can perform as arguments when used to provide reasons to justify political action. The paper examines the way(s) Donald Trump employs rescue narratives (...)
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  25.  14
    Analysing politics and protest in digital popular culture: a multimodal introduction Analysing politics and protest in digital popular culture: a multimodal introduction, by Lyndon Way, London and Thousand Oaks, CA, SAGE, 2021, 224 pp., £27.99 (paperback), ISBN 9781526497956. [REVIEW]Chris Featherman - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):130-131.
    As participatory digital media have moved from the peripheries to the center of politics and protest, so too have grown the intensity and complexity with which political discourses have become enme...
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  26.  20
    Extremist language in anti-COVID-19 conspiracy discourse on Facebook.Karoline Marko - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):92-111.
    The COVID pandemic has sparked fear among many people worldwide and has thus led to the emergence of a variety of conspiracy theories. Individuals believing in these theories come from various social and demographic backgrounds, some of them being mere skeptics, while others are more radical and extreme. The present paper investigates the use of language in a conspiratorial anti-COVID Facebook group with the aim of describing the linguistic features and strategies employed to share and spread conspiracy theories and to (...)
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  27.  15
    Media representation of mutual aid practices: Superbergamo as ‘good news’.Laura Lucia Parolin & Carmen Pellegrinelli - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):112-129.
    During the pandemic, civil society organisations adjusted their purpose to provide support to the most vulnerable. In the midst of the first wave, Superbergamo, an initiative that grew out of local activist associations, provided groceries and medicine to the elderly, the infirm and at-risk groups during the lockdown in Bergamo, Italy. This research analyses a newspaper article from Corriere della Sera published almost two years after the event, which tells the story of Stefano ‘Kino’, one of the volunteers of Superbergamo. (...)
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  28.  23
    Sportswomen under the Chinese male gaze: A feminist critical discourse analysis.Altman Yuzhu Peng, Chunyan Wu & Meng Chen - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):34-51.
    This article offers a timely, critical analysis of the male gaze upon sportswomen in male Chinese fans’ consumption of sporting megaevents. We use the most popular Chinese-language sports fandom platform, Hupu, as the data repository and scrutinise the threads of male Hupu users’ postings about two elite sportswomen at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics as the case studies. Drawing on feminist critical discourse analysis (FCDA), we elucidate the discursive strategies that male Chinese fans adopt to sexualise sportswomen and trivialise their accomplishments. (...)
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  29.  6
    ‘The economic world of choice’: mainstreaming discourses and Indigenous bilingual education in Australia 1998–99.Archie Thomas - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):1-16.
    Indigenous language bilingual schooling, introduced in Australia's Northern Territory (NT) in 1973, was a reality for over twenty-five schools at the program's height. Today, the language-of-instruction in these same settings is English only, with only 7 state schools operating bilingual programs. Overt Government hostility began with an attempt to defund Indigenous bilingual education in 1998-99. This paper argues that the discursive techniques used to justify these cuts were crucial to developing key themes in ‘mainstreaming discourses’ in Indigenous politics, which has (...)
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  30.  8
    Ambiguity, responsibility and political action in the UK daily COVID-19 briefings.Jamie Williams & David Wright - 2024 - Critical Discourse Studies 21 (1):76-91.
    ABSTRACT This paper investigates how pronouns were used by UK government speakers to allocate responsibility to themselves and others in all 92 daily televised COVID-19 briefings that were held between March and June 2020. We identified the referent for every use of the first-person plural pronoun (1PL) as ‘inclusive’, ‘exclusive’, or 'ambiguous' and analysed the transitivity patterns in which these pronouns act as Participants. We argue that the UK government uses the inherent ambiguity of this pronoun to strategically mitigate their (...)
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