Year:

  1.  5
    Lewisian Scorekeeping and the Future.Derek Ball - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):375-383.
    The purpose of this paper is to draw out a little noticed, but correct and important, consequence of David Lewis’s theory of how the values of contextual parameters are determined. According to Lewis, these values are often determined at least in part by accommodation; to a first approximation, the idea is that contextual parameters tend to take on the values they need to have in order for our utterances to be true. The little-noticed consequence of Lewis’s way of developing these (...)
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  2.  1
    An Anscombean Reference for ‘I’?Andrew Botterell & Robert J. Stainton - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):343-361.
    A standard reading of Anscombe’s “The First Person” takes her to argue, via reductio, that ‘I’ must be radically non-referring. Allegedly, she analogizes ‘I’ to the expletive ‘it’ in ‘It is raining’. Hence nothing need be said about Anscombe’s understanding of “the referential functioning of ‘I’”, there being no such thing. We think that this radical reading is incorrect. Given this, a pressing question arises: How does ‘I’ refer for Anscombe, and what sort of thing do users of ‘I’ refer (...)
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  3. Advances in Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Methodology. [REVIEW]Ana Butković - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):499-504.
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  4. Negative or Positive?Bianca Cepollaro - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):363-374.
    In this paper, I consider the phenomenon of evaluation reversal for two classes of evaluative terms that have received a great deal of attention in philosophy of language and linguistics: slurs and thick terms. I consider three approaches to analyze evaluation reversal: lexical deflationist account, ambiguity account and echoic account. My purpose is mostly negative: my aim is to underline the shortcomings of these three strategies, in order to possibly pave the way for more suitable accounts.
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  5. Evolution and Ethics.Frank Hofmann - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):417-432.
    This paper is concerned with the reconstruction of a core argument that can be extracted from Street’s ‘Darwinian Dilemma’ and that is intended to ‘debunk’ moral realism by appeal to evolution. The argument, which is best taken to have the form of an undermining defeater argument, fails, I argue. A simple, first formulation is rejected as a non sequitur, due to not distinguishing between the evolutionary process that influences moral attitudes and the cognitive system generating moral attitudes. Reformulations that respect (...)
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  6. How Gruesome Are the No-Free-Lunch Theorems for Machine Learning?Davor Lauc - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):479-485.
    No-free-lunch theorems are important theoretical result in the fields of machine learning and artificial intelligence. Researchers in this fields often claim that the theorems are based on Hume’s argument about induction and represent a formalisation of the argument. This paper argues that this is erroneous but that the theorems correspond to and formalise Goodman’s new riddle of induction. To demonstrate the correspondence among the theorems and Goodman’s argument, a formalisation of the latter in the spirit of the former is sketched.
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  7. On the Measurability of Measurement Standards.Phil Maguire & Rebecca Maguire - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):403-416.
    Pollock argues in favour of Wittgenstein’s claim that the standard metre bar in Paris has no metric length: Because the standard retains a special status in the system of measurement, it cannot be applied to itself. However, we argue that Pollock is mistaken regarding the feature of the standard metre which supports its special status. While the unit markings were arbitrarily designated, the constitution, preservation and application of the bar have been scientifically developed to optimize stability, and hence predictive accuracy. (...)
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  8. Predicates of Personal Taste.Nenad Miščević - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):385-401.
    The paper addresses issues of predicates of taste, both gustatory and aesthetic in dialogue with Michael Glanzberg. The first part briefly discusses his view of anaphora in the determination of the semantics of such predicates, and attempts a friendly generalization of his strategy. The second part discusses his contextualism about statements of taste, of the form A is Φ, and then proposes a pluralist alternative. The literature normally confronts contextualism and relativism here, but the pluralist proposal introduces further options. First, (...)
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  9. Some Limitations on the Applications of Propositional Logic.Edi Pavlović - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):471-477.
    This paper introduces a logic game which can be used to demonstrate the working of Boolean connectives. The simplicity of the system turns out to lead to some interesting meta-theoretical properties, which themselves carry a philosophical import. After introducing the system, we demonstrate an interesting feature of it—that it, while being an accurate model of propositional logic Booleans, does not contain any tautologies nor contradictions. This result allows us to make explicit a limitation of application of propositional logic to those (...)
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  10. Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. [REVIEW]Ivan Saftić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):512-516.
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  11. The Epistemic Life of Groups. [REVIEW]Hana Samaržija - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):505-508.
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  12. Informal Reasoning and Formal Logic.Nenad Smokrović - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):455-469.
    Dealing with deductive reasoning, performed by ‘real-life’ reasoners and expressed in natural language, the paper confronts Harman’s denying of normative relevance of logic to reasoning with a logicist thesis, a principle that is supposed to contribute for solving the problem of incongruence between descriptive nature of logic and normativity of reasoning. The paper discusses in detail John MacFarlane’s and Hartry Field’s variants of “bridge principle”. Taking both variants of bridge principles as its starting point, the paper proceeds arguing that there (...)
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  13. On a Consequence in a Broad Sense.Danilo Šuster - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):433-453.
    Cogency is the central normative concept of informal logic. But it is a loose evaluative concept and I argue that a generic notion covering all of the qualities of a well-reasoned argument is the most plausible conception. It is best captured by the standard RSA criterion: in a good argument acceptable and relevant premises provide sufficient grounds for the conclusion. Logical qualities in a broad sense are affected by the epistemic qualities of the premises and “consequence” in a broad sense (...)
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  14. The New Mechanical Philosophy. [REVIEW]Mislav Uzunić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):509-511.
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  15. Reconciling Poetry and Philosophy.Iris Vidmar & Martina Blečić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):487-498.
    Poetry and philosophy have had a long and convoluted relation, characterized often by mutual antipathy and rarely by mutual acknowledgment and respect. Plato was one influential philosopher who trashed poetry’s capacities to trade in the domain of truth and knowledge, but it was J. L. Austin who blew the final whistle by dismissing it as non-serious. And while for many poets that was an invitation to dismiss Austin, for many philosophers that was a confirmation of the overall discomfort they had (...)
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  16. Do Conversational Implicatures Express Arguments?Martina Blečić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):335-350.
    I suggest that the idea that conversational implicatures express argument can be significant for the notion of communicational responsibility. This underlying argument should be included in the reconstruction of conversational implicatures as a justification for the belief formed by the hearer on the basis of indirect communication. What makes this argument specific is the fact that its only explicit element is the speaker’s utterance taken as its initial premise. In order to reconstruct all the other elements, the hearer has to (...)
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  17. Devitt’s Promiscuous Essentialism.Zdenka Brzović - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):293-306.
    In this paper I examine Michael Devitt’s version of essentialism, a view that stirred a lot of debate amongst philosophers of biology by going against the mainstream view of “death of essentialism” in evolutionary biology. So far, much more attention was directed to refuting Devitt’s view then to analyzing what his essentialism consists in. I go through the main tenets of the essentialist view, examine the relation between Devitt’s view and the so-called traditional essentialism, and the cluster approaches to natural (...)
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  18.  4
    On the Rationality of Conspiracy Theories.Daniel Cohnitz - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):351-365.
    Conspiracy theories seem to play an increasing role in public political discourse. This development is problematic for a variety of reasons, most importantly because widespread belief in conspiracy theories will undermine the institutions of open societies. One of the central questions that will need to be answered here if we hope to fi nd out why conspirational thought is recently gaining such support and to find out how to respond to it, is the following: what mindset leads to the belief (...)
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  19. Strangers in Our Midst: The Political Philosophy of Immigration. [REVIEW]Tamara Crnko - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):385-392.
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  20. Intuitions: Rijeka Response to Nenad Miščević.Michael Devitt - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):277-282.
    This paper is a response to Nenad Miščević’s “Reply to Michael Devitt”, the latest in an exchange on the source of linguistic intuitions. Miščević defends a modified version of the received view that these intuitions are the product of a linguistic competence. I have earlier rejected all versions of the received view urging instead that intuitions are, like perceptual judgments, empirical theory-laden central-processor responses to phenomena. I emphasize here, against Miščević, that this claim about a speaker’s intuitions about strings is (...)
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  21. The Enigma of Reason. [REVIEW]David Grčki - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):375-381.
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  22.  1
    Structured Propositions, Unity, and the Sense-Nonsense Distinction.Octavian Ion - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):319-334.
    Back in the Good Old Days of Logical Positivism, theories of meaning were part of a normative project that sought not merely to describe the features of language and its use, but so to speak to separate the wheat from the chaff. In this paper, I side with Herman Cappelen in thinking that we need to rethink and reintroduce the important distinction between sense and nonsense that was ditched along with other normative aspirations during Logical Positivism’s spectacular demise. Despite this, (...)
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  23. Intuitions Once Again! Object-Level Vs. Meta-Level.Dunja Jutronić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):283-291.
    Firstly, I present some of my most important answers to Miščević’s objections to my 2014 paper which I fully disagree with. Secondly and more importantly, I point out that there is a possible confusion or misunderstanding about the distinction between the object-level and meta-level. I argue that competentionalist actually conflates object and meta levels and show the final consequences of such a conflation. The ordinarist firmly believes that there should be a separation between the object-level and meta-level and provides the (...)
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  24. Introduction.Dunja Jutronić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):249-251.
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  25.  3
    Wisdom and Reason.Andrei Mărăşoiu - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):367-374.
    On Ryan’s theory of wisdom as deep rationality, to believe or act wisely is to believe or act in a justified way, informed by a body of other justified beliefs about the good life. Ryan elaborates the view along evidentialist lines: one’s belief or act is justified when it is based on the best available evidence. The resulting package faces counterexamples. Transformative experiences are rational ‘leaps of faith’, so the agent’s decision to undergo one is not best supported by the (...)
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  26. Devitt’s ‘Intrinsic Biological Essentialism’.Urška Martinc - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):307-318.
    This article is about the problem of essentialism of natural and biological kinds, especially species. We will primarily focus on Michael Devitt’s work “Resurrecting Biological Essentialism”. We will try to prove what a good candidate for the essence of the species could be. This article puts the problem of essentialism into the context of biology and, through the usage of examples, attempts to answer that problem. We are going to try to define essentialism and determine what meaning essentialism holds in (...)
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  27. Intuitions: Epistemology and Metaphysics of Language.Nenad Miščević - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):253-276.
    The paper addresses the issues about grammatical intuitions in a programmatic sketch. The first part deals with epistemology of such intuitions and defends a moderate Voice-of-competence view in discussion with Michael Devitt, the ordinarist, who sees them as products of general intelligence or Central Processing Unit. The second part deals with the problem for their validity and offers a compromise solution: linguistic intuitions are valid because their object the standard linguistic entities, are production- and response-dependent. Competence does dictate what is (...)
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  28.  1
    The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination. [REVIEW]Nenad Miščević - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):381-385.
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  29.  6
    The Hidden Links Between Real, Thought and Numerical Experiments.Margherita Arcangeli - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):3-22.
    The scientist’s toolkit counts at least three practices: real, thought and numerical experiments. Although a deep investigation of the relationships between these types of experiments should shed light on the nature of scientific enquiry, I argue that it has been compromised by at least four factors: a bias for the epistemological superiority of real experiments; an almost exclusive focus on the links between either thought or numerical experiments, and real experiments; a tendency to try and reduce one kind to another; (...)
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  30. The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments. [REVIEW]Mia Biturajac - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):219-229.
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  31.  2
    The ‘Arguments Instead of Intuitions’ Account of Thought Experiments.Ana Butković - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):191-203.
    After decades of receiving a lot of attention on the epistemological level, the so-called ‘problem of intuitions’ is now in the center of debates on the metaphilosophical level. One of the reasons for this lies in the unfruitfulness of the epistemological discussions that recently subsided without producing any significant or broadly accepted theory of intuitions. Consequently, the metaphilosophical level of discussion of the ‘problem of intuitions’ inherits the same difficulties of the epistemological level. The significance of Max Deutsch’s book The (...)
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  32.  12
    Intuiting Intuition: The Seeming Account of Moral Intuition.Hossein Dabbagh - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):117-132.
    In this paper, I introduce and elucidate what seems to me the best understanding of moral intuition with reference to the intellectual seeming account. First, I will explain Bengson’s quasi-perceptualist account of philosophical intuition in terms of intellectual seeming. I then shift from philosophical intuition to moral intuition and will delineate Audi’s doxastic account of moral intuition to argue that the intellectual seeming account of intuition is superior to the doxastic account of intuition. Next, I argue that we can apply (...)
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  33. Perspectives on the Self. [REVIEW]Marko Delić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):244-248.
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  34.  3
    On Understanding a Theory on Conscious Experiences.Erhan Demircioğlu - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):75-86.
    McGinn claims, among other things, that we cannot understand the theory that explains how echolocationary experiences arise from the bat’s brain. One of McGinn’s arguments for this claim appeals to the fact that we cannot know in principle what it is like to have echolocationary experiences. According to Kirk, McGinn’s argument fails because it rests on an illegitimate assumption concerning what explanatory theories are supposed to accomplish. However, I will argue that Kirk’s objection misfires because he misapprehends McGinn’s argument. Further, (...)
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  35.  5
    Mais la Fantaisie Est-Elle Un Privilège des Seuls Poètes?Daniel Dohrn - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):87-99.
    Ever since the term ‘thought experiment’ was coined by Ørsted, philosophers have struggled with the question of how thought experiments manage to provide knowledge. Ernst Mach’s seminal contribution has eclipsed other approaches in the Austrian tradition. I discuss one of these neglected approaches. Faced with the challenge of how to reconcile his empiricist position with his use of thought experiments, Moritz Schlick proposed the following ‘Sinnkriterium’: a thought experiment is meaningful if it allows to answer a question under discussion by (...)
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  36.  6
    The Function and Limit of Galileo’s Falling Bodies Thought Experiment.Rawad el Skaf - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):37-58.
    The ongoing epistemological debate on scientific thought experiments revolves, in part, around the now famous Galileo’s falling bodies TE and how it could justify its conclusions. In this paper, I argue that the TE’s function is misrepresented in this a-historical debate. I retrace the history of this TE and show that it constituted the first step in two general “argumentative strategies”, excogitated by Galileo to defend two different theories of free-fall, in 1590’s and then in the 1638. I analyse both (...)
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  37.  14
    Is the Antipathetic Fallacy Responsible for the Intuition That Consciousness is Distinct From the Physical?François Kammerer - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):59-73.
    Numerous philosophers have recently tried to defend physicalism regarding phenomenal consciousness against dualist intuitions, by explaining the existence of dualist intuitions within a purely physicalist framework. David Papineau, for example, suggested that certain peculiar features of some of our concepts of phenomenal experiences led us to commit what he called the “Antipathetic Fallacy”: they gave us the erroneous impression that phenomenal experiences must be distinct from purely physical states, even though they are not. Papineau’s hypothesis has been accepted, though under (...)
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  38.  5
    Moral Thought-Experiments, Intuitions, and Heuristics.Friderik Klampfer - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):133-160.
    Philosophical thought-experimentation has a long and influential history. In recent years, however, both the traditionally secure place of the method of thought experimentation in philosophy and its presumed epistemic credentials have been increasingly and repeatedly questioned. In the paper, I join the choir of the discontents. I present and discuss two types of evidence that in my opinion undermine our close-to-blind trust in moral thought experiments and the intuitions that these elicit: the disappointing record of thought-experimentation in contemporary moral philosophy, (...)
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  39.  1
    Thought Experiments in the Theory of Law.Miomir Matulović - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):101-116.
    H. L. A. Hart’s The Concept of Law is an important and infl uential work in the modern philosophy and theory of law. In it, Hart introduced and discussed three imaginary scenarios: the absolute monarchy under the Rex dynasty; the pre-legal society governed by primary rules of obligation; and the worlds in which rules would be different from those in our actual world. Although Hart did not use the expression “thought experiments” in his work, some of his interpreters refer to (...)
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  40.  1
    The Myth of the Moral Brain. The Limits of Moral Enhancement. [REVIEW]Tomislav Miletić - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):230-236.
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  41. Introduction.Nenad Miščević - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):1-1.
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  42.  5
    Simulation and Thought Experiments.Nenad Miščević - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):161-190.
    The paper investigates some mechanisms of thought-experimenting, and explores the role of perspective taking, in particular of mental simulation, in political thought-experiments, focusing for the most part on contractualist ones. It thus brings together two blossoming traditions: the study of perspective taking and methodology of thought-experiments. How do contractualist thought-experiments work? Our moderately inflationist mental modelling proposal is that they mobilize our imaginative capacity for perspective taking, most probably perspective taking through simulation. The framework suggests the answers to questions that (...)
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  43. Knowledge Through Imagination. [REVIEW]Nenad Miščević - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):237-241.
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  44. Thought Experiments Between Nature and Society: A Festschrift for Nenad Miščević. [REVIEW]Davor Pećnjak - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):241-244.
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  45.  3
    “The Brain in Vat” at the Intersection. [REVIEW]Danilo Šuster - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):205-217.
    Goldberg 2016 is a collection of papers dedicated to Putnam’s (1981) brain in a vat (‘BIV’) scenario. The collection divides into three parts, though the issues are inter-connected. Putnam uses conceptual tools from philosophy of language in order to establish theses in epistemology and metaphysics. Putnam’s BIV is considered a contemporary version of Descartes’s skeptical argument of the Evil Genius, but I argue that deception (the possibility of having massively false belief) is not essential, externalism does all the anti-skeptical work. (...)
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  46.  3
    The Mathematics-Natural Sciences Analogy and the Underlying Logic.Majda Trobok - 2018 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):23-36.
    The aim of this paper is to point to the analogy between mathematical and physical thought experiments, and even more widely between the epistemic paths in both domains. Having accepted platonism as the underlying ontology as long as the platonistic path in asserting the possibility of gaining knowledge of abstract, mind-independent and causally inert objects, my widely taken goal is to show that there is no need to insist on the uniformity of picture and monopoly of certain epistemic paths in (...)
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