The European Legacy

ISSN: 1084-8770

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  1.  8
    The Political Theology and Polemical Tactics of Bruno Bauer.Charles Barbour - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):143-165.
    This article contributes to an ongoing revival of interest in the intellectual history of the German Vormärz, and to an emerging body of scholarship on the influential political philosopher and Bible scholar Bruno Bauer (1809–1882). While, during much of the twentieth century, Bauer was remembered primarily for his relationship with the Young Marx, more recent scholarship has attempted to examine his work on its own terms, and to consider his unique contributions to the history of republicanism and radicalism in particular. (...)
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  2.  11
    On Being Observant: From Descartes to Mike Tyson and Teddy Atlas.Wayne Cristaudo - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):220-228.
    An education in the Arts and Humanities has always been something more than being prepared to enter a profession. It is not uncommon to hear students say that being exposed to a particular teacher...
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  3.  21
    Descartes on Immortality and Animals.Stephen H. Daniel - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):184-198.
    For Descartes, our minds are not natural causes because they are not themselves objects; rather, they are the activities that identify objects. In short, they are our challenges to the natural order of things, both in how we adapt to novel situations (as exhibited in what has been called the “rational action test”) and in how we respond in unexpected yet appropriate ways to linguistic cues (in the “language test”). Because these tests reveal ways in which our minds (as “pure,” (...)
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  4.  7
    Modernity’s Corruption: Empire and Morality in the Making of British India. [REVIEW]Ian Hall - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):229-230.
    Today, thanks to the work of William Dalrymple and Shashi Tharoor, among many others, the East India Company (EIC or the Company) is rightly synonymous in the public mind with avarice. Granted a Ro...
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  5.  9
    The Individualists: Radicals, Reactionaries, and the Struggle for the Soul of Libertarianism. [REVIEW]Laurie M. Johnson - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):230-232.
    Matt Zwolinksi, Professor of Philosophy at the University of San Diego, and John Tomasi, President of the Heterodox Academy in New York City, have teamed up to write a thorough and thought-provokin...
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  6.  14
    From Affective Ethics to Deep Ecology: Spinoza’s Many Disciples When Spinoza Met Marx: Experiments in Nonhumanist Activity, by Tracie Matysik, Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press, 2022, 368 pp., $40.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Kaan Kangal - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):199-203.
    This is a book of superlatives: the most comprehensive, most detailed, most ambitious, simply the best thing ever written in any language on the Marx–Spinoza connection in the long nineteenth centu...
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  7. In Defense of the Planet Marx in the Anthropocene: Towards the Idea of Degrowth Communism, by Kohei Saito, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2023, 276 pp., £85.00 (cloth), £29.99 (paper), £23.99 (Kindle). [REVIEW]Kaan Kangal - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):204-207.
    Kohei Saito, a Japanese Marx researcher and editor of the historical-critical edition of Marx and Engels’s complete works (Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe or MEGA), is known to Anglophone readers for his...
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  8.  17
    On the Concept of Care in J. S. Mill’s Liberal Utilitarianism.Donghye Kim - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):166-183.
    In this article I propose the concept of care as an organizing principle of John Stuart Mill’s theory of liberal utilitarianism. While both critics and proponents of Mill’s theory see his commitment to character development as a distinct feature of his utilitarianism, the specific type of character he promotes has received scant attention. Through a close reading of Mill’s Collected Works, with an emphasis on Utilitarianism, I argue that a commitment to caring characters is central to making sense of Mill’s (...)
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  9.  3
    Teuflische Allmacht. Über die verleugneten christlichen Wurzeln des modernen Antisemitismus und Antizionismus [Devilish omnipotence: On denying the Christian roots of modern antisemitism and anti-Zionism]. [REVIEW]Thomas Klikauer - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):235-237.
    In a Holocaust memorial speech given in Germany’s parliament the Bundestag, an Auschwitz survivor once said, “antisemitism is a 2,000-year-old virus that refuses to die.” Tilman Tarach’s main argum...
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  10.  11
    The 7 Deadly Myths: Antisemitism from the Time of Christ to Kanye West. [REVIEW]Thomas Klikauer - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):233-235.
    Alex Ryvchin’s The 7 Deadly Myths: Antisemitism from the Time of Christ to Kanye West starts by asking: “Why have the Jews been so despised and so brutalised throughout history?” One possible answe...
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  11.  8
    Rehearsals of Manhood: Athenian Drama as Social Practice Rehearsals of Manhood: Athenian Drama as Social Practice, by John J. Winkler, edited by David M. Halperin and Kirk Ormand, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2023, xxvi + 240 pp., $45.00/£38.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Sam McChesney - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):238-240.
    When John Winkler died in 1990, he was working on a book that aimed at a wide-ranging reinterpretation of Greek tragedy as a pedagogical exercise aimed primarily at the city’s young men (“ephebes,”...
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  12.  7
    The Crisis of Legitimacy.James Mensch - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):127-142.
    In recent years, the West has increasingly experienced a sense that the political aspects of its social life have undergone a profound alteration. There is a sense of blockage, of non-responsiveness, a feeling that the political class no longer represents the interests of the broader society. Underlying all of this is a loss of legitimacy. What exactly is legitimacy? How does it function? How is it lost? These are the questions that I address in this article. While I refer to (...)
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  13.  6
    Reinventing Europe: The History of the European Union, 1945 to the Present Reinventing Europe: The History of the European Union, 1945 to the Present, edited by Brigitte Leucht, Katja Seidel, and Laurent Warlouzet, London, Bloomsbury Academic, 2023, xvi + 430 pp., $153.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Karis Muller - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):240-241.
    This wide ranging and well organised work on the history, evolution, problems, and achievements of the EEC/EU has three editors. Its thirteen academic contributors work in the United Kingdom, the U...
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  14.  9
    Languages, Interpreters and Armed Conflict: The Spanish Civil War Languages in the Crossfire: Interpreters in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), by Jesús Baigorri-Jalón, translated by Holly Mikkelson, Abingdon, Routledge, 2021, 248 pp., £130.00 (cloth), £36.99 (paper). [REVIEW]Lucía Ruiz Rosendo - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):208-213.
    War is father of all, and king of all. He renders some gods, others men;he makes some slaves, others free.—HeraclitusLanguages in the Crossfire is an impressive and well-documented book written by...
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  15.  5
    A Portrait of an Eighteenth-Century Explorer and Revolutionary. [REVIEW]Friederike von Schwerin-High - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (2):214-219.
    In this book Todd Kontje argues that Georg Forster (1754–1794)—a world traveler, interdisciplinary thinker (highly skilled in ethnography, botany, linguistics, and art history), and prolific transl...
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  16.  12
    Immigration and Freedom.Edward Andrew - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):109-112.
    Chandran Kukathas has written a thoughtfully provocative book on perhaps the major issue of our time, namely, mass migration versus the world-wide desire for border controls, which, he argues, unju...
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  17.  5
    Immigration and Freedom: by Chandran Kukathas, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2021, xvi + 364 pp., $35.00 (cloth), ISBN no: 9780691189680. [REVIEW]Edward Andrew - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):109-112.
    Chandran Kukathas has written a thoughtfully provocative book on perhaps the major issue of our time, namely, mass migration versus the world-wide desire for border controls, which, he argues, unju...
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  18.  8
    Tyranny and Revolution: Rousseau to Heidegger.Stephen A. Chavura - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):112-115.
    One could describe political philosophy from the Enlightenment to the present, or at least until World War II, as largely an exercise in defining true freedom, as well as a call to liberate the mas...
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  19.  7
    Tyranny and Revolution: Rousseau to Heidegger: by Waller R. Newell, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2022, 373 pp., £22.99/$27.99 (paper). [REVIEW]Stephen A. Chavura - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):112-115.
    One could describe political philosophy from the Enlightenment to the present, or at least until World War II, as largely an exercise in defining true freedom, as well as a call to liberate the mas...
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  20.  3
    France before 1789: The Unraveling of an Absolutist Regime France before 1789: The Unraveling of an Absolutist Regime, by Jon Elster, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2020, 280 pp., $49.95/£40.00 (cloth), $29.95/£25.00 (paper). [REVIEW]Harvey Chisick - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):116-118.
    There have been many interpretations of the French Revolution. For reactionary theorists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, it was a conspiracy of freethinkers, Protestants, freem...
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  21.  6
    Speech is a Continuum.Wayne Cristaudo - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):1-9.
    This year marks the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy (1888–1973), and although this edition of The Fruit of Our Lips appeared in 2021, it is a most fitting commemorative...
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  22.  7
    Isaiah Berlin and International Relations.George Crowder - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):1-21.
    Isaiah Berlin is a classic name in political theory, but does he have anything to teach us about international relations? In the Cold War he was a realist disciple of the containment doctrine, indeed a more hawkish container than his friend George Kennan, at least until he saw what was happening in Vietnam. In the aftermath of the Cold War, confronted with an outburst of resurgent nationalism, he seemed more like a utopian idealist, dreaming with Herder of a world of (...)
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  23.  17
    Psychology as a First Principle? Self-Love and the Will to Power in La Rochefoucauld and Nietzsche.Jiani Fan - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):1-19.
    Both Nietzsche and La Rochefoucauld rejected metaphysical principles, such as the Kantian moral imperatives, and adopted psychology as their first philosophy. In this article I explore their views of self-love and of the will to power as the first principles of human motivation. Although both thinkers reduce actions to egoistic motives, they define the human drives and passions differently. While Nietzsche criticizes La Rochefoucauld’s view of a self-love-oriented intention as the principal cause of deeds, his interpretation is reductionist seeing that (...)
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  24.  12
    Symphony as Event: The Significance of Political Philosophy.Gal Gerson - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):101-108.
    Political philosophy is a discipline researched and taught in Western universities, typically within political-science departments. Political philosophers examine the intellectual basis of public i...
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  25.  13
    Hoping for More: Tocqueville and the Insufficiency of ‘Self-Interest Well Understood’.Abraham Martínez Hernández - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):22-36.
    Alexis de Tocqueville (1805–1859) was convinced that without a new possibility for transcendence, democracies would be ill-prepared to allow for actual freedom. In Democracy in America, his study of the United States, he explained that when self-interest was enlightened, individuals would tend to identify their personal benefits with the well-being of the community. By transcending their individualistic tendency to self-enclose, they would contribute to forming and maintaining a real sovereignty of the people. However, unless the “doctrine of self-interest well understood” (...)
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  26.  12
    Nonverts: The Making of Ex-Christian America. [REVIEW]Laurie M. Johnson - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):118-120.
    Stephen Bullivant is a senior lecturer in theology and ethics, and Director of the Benedict XVI Centre for Religion and Society at St. Mary’s University, London. He is the author or co-author of te...
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  27.  7
    Why Did Trump Happen? Insights from the Political Thought of Christopher Lasch.Laurie M. Johnson - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):94-100.
    Donald Trump’s election and the subsequent roiling of the U.S. political scene have been an unsettling spectacle and have occurred during an increase in right-wing power around the world.1 Why did...
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  28.  3
    How Does It Feel to Be a Robot? [REVIEW]Jürgen Lawrenz - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):70-78.
    This is a nicely packaged book for readers with an interest in its subject matter. Written in an informal style, it touches on all the issues that comprise the hurdles and stumbling blocks to the a...
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  29.  7
    Recovering the Public Sphere. [REVIEW]Shmuel Lederman - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):88-93.
    Recent political developments in the West, particularly the emergence of right-wing populist leaders, have led quite a few political theorists to rethink the social and political conditions conduci...
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  30.  10
    Experiencing the Impossible: The Science of Magic: by Gustav Kuhn, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2019, 296 pp., $27.95T/£22.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Karl W. Schweizer - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):120-122.
    In this innovative work, Gustav Kuhn offers the first coherent attempt to explore the psycho-neurological processes underlying the experience of magic, utilizing scientific precepts to provide intr...
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  31.  8
    Methuselah’s Zoo: What Nature Can Teach Us about Living Longer, Healthier Lives. [REVIEW]Stanley Shostak - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):122-125.
    Steven Austad’s “hope is that this book may inspire the deep study of the most promising species from Methuselah’s Zoo, because that … is the key to developing medications leading to longer, health...
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  32.  9
    Notes on Picasso’s Guernica in Context.Michael Young, Nathalie Hager & Robert Belton - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):37-50.
    Contrary to the received opinion that Pablo Picasso conceived of Guernica only after learning of the bombing of the Basque town on 26 April 1937, and in direct response to it, in this article we demonstrate that the mural was visualized much earlier, as part of Picasso’s larger artistic and intellectual response to war. In February 1937 Picasso met with José Luis Sert, the architect of the Spanish Pavilion planned for the Paris World Fair that was to open in June. (...)
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  33.  6
    On Humility and Ethical Development in Matteo Ricci’s On Friendship.Mark Kevin S. Cabural - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):822-836.
    In this article, I discuss the role of friendship in ethical development by focusing on the virtue of humility in Matteo Ricci’s (1552–1610) first work written in Chinese, On Friendship (Jiaoyou Lun 交友論). My overarching argument is that, since humility is a disposition or virtue that leads a person to being open to seeking or receiving help and guidance from others, it can facilitate ethical development by taking into account both the equal and unequal ethical status between friends. Moreover, since (...)
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  34.  7
    One Man’s Answer to the Question: “Why are you a Jew?” Edmond Fleg and Jewish Minority Culture in Twentieth-Century France, by Sally Charnow, London, Routledge, 2021, 250 pp., $170.00 (cloth), $48.95 (paper), $34.26 (ebook). [REVIEW]Vicki Caron - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):887-894.
    If ever there existed a category of “forgotten Jews,” like the “forgotten books” series with which we are all familiar, Edmond Fleg (1874–1963) would rank toward the top of that list. To the extent...
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  35.  12
    Friendship Beyond Reason.Michael S. Kochin - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):807-821.
    The ancient philosophers aimed to turn us away from thinking about particularizing affection to thinking about justifiable human relations. The aim of their protreptic discourses was to get their readers, who were citizens, sons, and fathers, to think about their lives by putting these relations into question. I show how this conversion works and explore its political consequences by reading the accounts of friendship in Plato, Aristotle, and Cicero, and then comparing those accounts with the views on the causes and (...)
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  36.  9
    German Biographies of Marx between the Two World Wars: A Comparative Study.Feixia Ling - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):852-870.
    This article offers a comparative study of seven German biographies of Karl Marx (1818–1883) that were published between the two world wars. The interpretations of Marx’s theory of historical materialism presented in these biographies fall into three groups or approaches: the orthodox, the neo-Kantian, and the psychological. Some biographies place Marx the revolutionary above Marx the theorist, while others reverse this order. Similarly, some of the biographies explain the relationship between Marx’s life and thought by adopting the “experience–psychology–thought” framework. The (...)
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  37.  14
    Plato Goes to China: The Greek Classics and Chinese Nationalism. [REVIEW]Yu Liu - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):903-906.
    Written by a noted classicist at a major U.S. university but about a situation having little to do with scholarship on the European classics and involving Greek antiquity only in an ulteriorly moti...
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  38.  10
    Indians in London: From the Birth of the East India Company to Independent India Indians in London: From the Birth of the East India Company to Independent India, by Arup K. Chatterjee, New Delhi, Bloomsbury India, 2021, xxxiv + 508 pp., £76.50 (cloth). [REVIEW]Md Sarfaraj Nawab - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):906-908.
    Indians in London is a riveting narrative that investigates the lives and experiences of numerous Indians who visited, stayed, and left their mark in the imperial capital of London from around the...
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  39.  12
    Joseph Brodsky and the Aesthetic Origins of Ethics.Jeff Noonan - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):837-851.
    In his Nobel Prize acceptance speech in 1987, the Russian-born American poet Joseph Brodsky argued that aesthetics is the mother of ethics. However, there is an ambiguity in his use of the term aesthetics. In the first part of this article, I distinguish between Brodsky’s narrow use of aesthetics, which refers to problems of beauty, and the broader sense, which refers to the cognitive function of sensibility and feeling. I then suggest that good sense can be made of the claim (...)
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  40.  16
    From “Wellness Capitalism” to Constructed Personhood: Self-Obsession in the Digital Age Self-Improvement: Technologies of the Soul in the Age of Artificial Intelligence_, by Mark Coeckelbergh, New York, Columbia University Press, 2022, 152 pp., $19.95/£14.99 (paper) _Losing Ourselves: Learning to Live without a Self, by Jay L. Garfield, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2022, 224 pp., $26.95/£20.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Roshnee Ossewaarde-Lowtoo - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):877-881.
    Self-centredness is arguably a major source of human stupidity and immorality. It is also simply exhausting, as Mark Coeckelbergh notes in Self-Improvement: Technologies of the Soul in the Age of A...
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  41.  10
    Seven Sublimes Seven Sublimes, by David E. Nye, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2022, 217 pp., $35.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Hans J. Rindisbacher - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):908-911.
    Rainer Maria Rilke points to it in the opening lines of the first Duino elegy (published in 1923) when he writes that “beauty is nothing but / the beginning of terror, that we are still able to bea...
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  42.  6
    Diplomacy Imperiled? Diplomatic Security: A Comparative Analysis, edited by Eugenio Cusumano and Christopher Kinsey, Redwood City, CA, Stanford University Press, 2019, 270 pp., $65.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Karl W. Schweizer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):882-886.
    Although there have long been protective arrangements to safeguard diplomats and embassies abroad—notably norms and guarantees codified in multilateral treaties, such as the 1969 UN Convention on S...
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  43.  18
    Syrian Requiem: The Civil War and Its Aftermath. [REVIEW]Lavinia Stan - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):913-915.
    One of the most catastrophic human tragedies is represented by the recent civil war in Syria (2011–present), which reduced that country to rubble and led to at least 500,000 people killed, 6.7 mill...
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  44.  9
    The Party and the People: Chinese Politics in the 21st Century. [REVIEW]Lavinia Stan - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):911-913.
    In this eight-chapter book, Bruce Dickson, professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, tackles some of the big questions in Chinese politics. As the ti...
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  45.  11
    Husserl’s Universalist Cosmopolitanism Husserl and the Idea of Europe, by Timo Miettinen, Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy, Evanston, IL, Northwestern University Press, 2020, 256 pp., $99.95 (cloth), $34.95 (paper), $34.95 (ebook). [REVIEW]Ville Suuronen - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):871-876.
    Timo Miettinen’s recent book aims to re-articulate Edmund Husserl’s whole phenomenological project by reading him as a “universalist cosmopolitan” thinker (123). Drawing on Husserl’s late works, es...
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  46.  9
    Medieval Art and the Look of Silent Film: The Influence of Costume and Set Design Medieval Art and the Look of Silent Film: The Influence of Costume and Set Design, by Lora Ann Sigler, Jefferson, NC, McFarland and Co., 2019, 235 pp., $55.00/£61.25 (paper). [REVIEW]Molly Thomas - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):915-917.
    From Pier Paolo Pasolini’s Decameron and Canterbury Tales to Monty Python’s televisual riffs on Arthurian legend in the 1970s and role-playing games like Pendragon or Hidden Kingdom, a fascination...
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  47.  3
    On Aging: A Personal Account.Robin Twite - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):895-902.
    I never expected to live till I was over 90. Some of my relatives have done so, one of my cousins will have her 100th birthday in October this year (2023), but my mother died when she was 59, and I...
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  48.  9
    Breaking Peace: Brexit and Northern Ireland.Jonathan Warner - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):917-919.
    In their inimitable history book, 1066 and All That (“A Memorable History of England, Comprising All the Parts You Can Remember”), first published in 1930, W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman note that...
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  49.  3
    Breaking Peace: Brexit and Northern Ireland Breaking Peace: Brexit and Northern Ireland, by Feargal Cochrane, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2020, viii + 288 pp., $30/£20 (cloth). [REVIEW]Jonathan Warner - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (8):917-919.
    In their inimitable history book, 1066 and All That (“A Memorable History of England, Comprising All the Parts You Can Remember”), first published in 1930, W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman note that...
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  50.  8
    Confronting the Enemy Within Twilight of Democracy: The Seductive Lure of Authoritarianism, by Anne Applebaum, New York, Penguin, Random House, 2020, 206 pp., $25.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Joseph C. Bertolini - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):758-764.
    A number of books and articles have been published recently that address the contemporary authoritarian threat to liberal democracy.1 All of them, to one degree or another, have illuminated some pa...
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  51.  6
    Tragedy and Philosophy: A Parallel History Tragedy and Philosophy: A Parallel History, by Agnes Heller, edited by John Grumley, David Roberts, and Pauline Johnson, Leiden, Brill, 2021, 125 pp., €90.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]George Crowder - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):797-799.
    Agnes Heller died in 2019 at the age of 90, after a long career as a prolific writer broadly in the tradition of critical theory. She was born and educated in Hungary, witnessing and writing about...
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  52.  8
    Rousseau, the American Puritans, and the Founding of the People’s Two Bodies.Alin Fumurescu & Haimo Li - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):706-724.
    Although Rousseau did not care much about the Americans, the Americans did and still do care a lot about Rousseau. Surprisingly, for someone so eager to offer advice about how to form or reform a c...
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  53.  10
    The Hermeneutical Actuality of the Paradox in Kafka’s The Trial.Niklas Goldenthal - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):689-705.
    The story of The Trial is puzzling. Joseph K. is arrested by three officials from a mysterious court. That is, Joseph K. is informed of his arrest, but he remains free to go wherever he wants. The...
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  54.  6
    Grandmother Zofia’s Table.Teresa Halikowska-Smith - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):789-796.
    In the entrance hall of our family house in Leamington Spa stands a slender Regency style table of noble wood and fine proportions. It suits the house, which dates from 1828, perfectly. Few visitor...
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  55.  7
    Meeting a Hero.Teresa Halikowska-Smith - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):787-788.
    Daniel worked as a journalist on the local radio. He coped as well as he could with the daily grind of churning out instantly forgettable trivial little stories; what kept him going was the hope to...
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  56.  10
    In Memoriam Teresa Halikowska-Smith (1940–2020).Stefan Halikowski-Smith - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):782-786.
    Teresa was a much-loved grandmother, mother, wife and a friend to the countless people who got to know her during the forty-five years she lived in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, and indeed from lon...
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  57.  34
    Metal Music and the Aesthetics of Representation.William M. Hawley - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):742-757.
    Metal music today is bathed in a glow of serenity relative to its function as designated by Soviet authorities only thirty years ago. Mikhail Gorbachev permitted a Monsters of Rock concert to be st...
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  58.  13
    Democracy Erodes from the Top: Leaders, Citizens, and the Challenge of Populism in Europe Democracy Erodes from the Top: Leaders, Citizens, and the Challenge of Populism in Europe, by Larry M. Bartels, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2023, 252 pp., $29.95/£25.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Laurie M. Johnson - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):799-802.
    Larry Bartels is one of the most prominent political scientists in the areas of democracy, electoral politics, and public opinion. He is the May Werthan Shayne Chair of Public Policy and Social Sci...
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  59.  8
    Nazi Billionaires: The Dark History of Germany’s Wealthiest Dynasties Nazi Billionaires: The Dark History of Germany’s Wealthiest Dynasties, by David de Jong, Boston, MA, Mariner Books/HarperCollins Publishing, 2022, 400 pp., $23.19 (cloth). [REVIEW]Thomas Klikauer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):802-805.
    German Nazism remains almost inextricably linked to German capitalism, German businesses, and many well known German corporations today. Even before the Nazis were put in power by conservatives lik...
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  60.  8
    Writing the Great War: The Historiography of World War I from 1918 to the Present Writing the Great War: The Historiography of World War I from 1918 to the Present, edited by Christoph Cornelissen and Arndt Weinrich, New York, Berghahn Books, 2021, viii + 507 pp., $179.00 (cloth), $19.95 (paper). [REVIEW]J. -Guy Lalande - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):805-806.
    The historiographical debate over the Great War continues. It does so because the public’s interest in this first total war of human history does not abate and because there is a plethora of histor...
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  61.  6
    The Entanglements of Time and Politics La Fin du sens de l’histoire. Eric Voegelin, Karl Löwith et la temporalité du politique, by Bruno Godefroy, Paris, Classiquies Garnier, 2021, 428 pp., €13.14 (paper). [REVIEW]Giuliana Parotto - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):765-768.
    La Fin du sens de l’histoire deals with the problem of the relationship between temporality and politics, tackled through a critical reading of the works of Eric Voegelin and Karl Löwith, two autho...
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  62.  11
    Behavioural Psychology, Finance, and the Question of Social Accountability.Simone Raudino - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):769-775.
    Nicola Gennaioli and Andrei Shleifer’s A Crisis of Beliefs is a rich, elaborate and ambitious book. It relies on more than twenty years of the authors’ work on fields as different as financial econ...
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  63.  21
    Johannes Reuchlin (1455–1522): A Unique Philosemitic Public Intellectual.Nathan Ron - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):725-741.
    I. As a distinct elite group engaged in public life with a particular sense of its own moral authority, intellectuals came into being in late nineteenth-century France, as the turmoil of the Dreyfu...
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  64.  9
    Fundamentalisms—Sacred Truths or Deceptions? Minds Wide Shut: How the New Fundamentalisms Divide Us, by Gary Saul Morson and Morton Schapiro, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2021, 336 pp., $29.95/£25.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Karl W. Schweizer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (7):776-781.
    In this important and timely work, Gary Saul Morson and Morton Schapiro examine the current and growing prevalence of dogmatic, intellectually rigid forms of thought—so-called “Fundamentalisms”—whi...
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  65.  7
    “A Symbol of Secularity and Revolution”? Rousseau’s Ambiguous Legacy.Jeremiah Alberg - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):649-654.
    The “central aim” of this book is “to offer a nuanced and wide-ranging analysis of the complex and manifold ways in which British Romantic writers engaged with Rousseau” (3). To accomplish this, th...
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  66.  6
    Sovereignty: Seventeenth-Century England and the Making of the Modern Political Imaginary.Warren Chernaik - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):669-673.
    This stimulating, ambitious interdisciplinary study, as its subtitle indicates, links seventeenth-century and modern concerns: a relationship between Milton and modernity is indicated in the titles...
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  67.  11
    Utopia as Akairological Rupture.Sunny Dhillon - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):577-594.
    This article argues for a reconceptualization of utopia as akairological rupture. Its central thesis disputes the conventional reading of utopia as a teleological goal to be realized by a social collective. Thus rather than viewing the potentiality of utopia as a prescribed ideal commonwealth whose inhabitants live in harmony, I argue that it should be seen as an akairological rupture, manifested through a determinately negative, individual, approach. In this reading, utopia is primarily a social condition within culture, and perennially opposed (...)
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  68.  12
    Beyond the Second Sophistic: Adventures in Greek Postclassicism.Jakub Filonik - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):673-675.
    Tim Whitmarsh’s collection of essays has seen the light of day at a time when the academic world is again reconsidering “classicism” and modernity’s relationship to the “classical.” This is even mo...
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  69.  9
    Windswept: Walking the Paths of Trailblazing Women.Andre Furlani - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):675-678.
    Annabel Abbs’s father told her that she was “an experiment” in the application of Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s educational doctrines, hence her rough-scrabble pastoral upbringing on the Welsh coast, hom...
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  70.  9
    Donald Winnicott and the Politics of Care.Gal Gerson - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):678-681.
    The body of research on the social and political implications of Donald Winnicott’s psychoanalytic theory has been growing steadily in recent years. This has long been overdue, considering the preo...
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  71.  11
    Revisioning Stalin and Stalinism: Complexities, Contradictions, and Controversies.J. -Guy Lalande - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):681-683.
    The controversies that characterize the history of the Stalin period are many, multifaceted, and quite complex. In their introduction, James Ryan and Susan Grant illustrate and contextualize that r...
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  72.  15
    Do Scientists Uncover Reality or Interpret Experience?Jürgen Lawrenz - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):639-648.
    “When a scientist speaks, it behoves us to attend with respectful silence.” This precept could be written over our whole era, beginning with the middle of the nineteenth century. Some readers may r...
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  73.  8
    Black Consciousness: “An Attitude of Mind and a Way of Life”.Francis D. Raška - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):655-662.
    This book by Mabogo Percy More, the author of a number of books on African philosophy and anti-black racism, analyzes the views of Black Consciousness activist Steve Biko on race and racism in Sout...
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  74.  9
    “I have nothing more to tell you, dear doctor”: A Gay Man’s Intimate Confession to Emile Zola.George Rousseau - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):663-668.
    The “Italian invert’s confessions” have long been known to historians of sexuality, yet this new edition lends them an authenticity never before enjoyed. The Prime Mover in the publication is Micha...
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  75.  7
    ‘Oioi – Oioi – Iehieh!’_ Democracy in Crisis! Aeschylus’ _Persians for Contemporary Stages.Klaus M. Schmidt - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):595-614.
    This article attempts a reinterpretation of Aeschylus’ Persians as primarily a warning about the instability of democracy following a major military victory against an overpowering totalitarian enemy. It discusses the historical and our contemporary ideas of the democratic principles of government versus the constant tendency towards a strongman regime. I argue that the play’s underlying philosophy is based on the Heraclitan idea of constant flux, which predates our modern ideas of the relativity of time and space, and the core concept (...)
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  76.  10
    How Republics Perish: Lodovico Alamanni, the Medici, and Transformational Leadership.Vasileios Syros - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):557-576.
    The goals of the present study are to relate the transactional and transformational aspects of modern leadership theory to the history of Medici rule and influence in Renaissance Florentine politics, and, at the same time, to test leadership models against the humanist debates on the accession of the Medici to power. I will focus on the Discorso sopra il fermare lo stato di Firenze nella devozione de’ Medici [Discourse on holding the State of Florence in devotion to the Medici], written (...)
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  77.  10
    Social Democracy in Turkey: Global Questions, Local Answers.Meral Ugur-Cinar & Ali Acikgoz - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):615-638.
    This article assesses the prospects of social democracy in Turkey in light of two prominent debates regarding social democracy: the challenge of populism and the proper balance between a politics of redistribution and a politics of recognition. By focusing on the Republican People’s Party (CHP), it shows that the main problem the party faces is to find ways of addressing the issues of recognition and redistribution. Success in addressing these issues would provide an effective alternative to the populist agenda of (...)
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  78.  8
    Spin Dictators: The Changing Face of Tyranny in the 21st Century.Erwin Warkentin - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (6):683-685.
    In some ways, the timing of this book is both fortunate and unfortunate at the same time. Considering its emphasis, authoritarian dictators who govern by spin rather than fear, it is of particular...
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  79.  15
    The Ontological Grounding of Hannah Arendt’s Political Ethics.Simas Čelutka - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):441-462.
    This paper examines Hannah Arendt’s account of the relationship between politics and morality. Many critics have argued that Arendt’s conception of political action lacks any moral foundations, while others have tried to focus on her understanding of thinking as a normative source of her ethics. In contrast to these views, I present an alternative explanation and argue that the sources of Arendt’s political ethics are located neither in the faculty of thinking nor in extrapolitical moral norms or rules, but in (...)
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  80.  4
    Saints and Soldiers: Inside Internet-Age Terrorism from Syria to the Capitol Siege.Douglas J. Cremer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):539-541.
    There has been a significant shift in the way terrorist violence is organized. Advocates of extreme violence no longer organize first in person and through word of mouth and utilize the internet an...
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  81.  14
    Free Speech in a World of Diversity, Inclusion and Equity.Wayne Cristaudo - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):519-526.
    Both books reviewed here argue for the importance of free speech, though apart from that they have little in common. One, The Most Human Right: Why Free Speech is Everything by Eric Heinze is a cas...
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  82.  6
    Robert Walser: Uncanny Miniaturist On The Move.Andre Furlani - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):533-538.
    Though Robert Musil declared Franz Kafka to be “a special case of the Walser type,” it is Robert Walser who still gets justified as a special case of the Kafka type. Kafka gave his confidante Max B...
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  83.  4
    The Song of Songs: A Biography.Andre Furlani - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):544-546.
    “Christ awaketh the church,” my Victorian edition of The Authorized Version glosses the fifth chapter of The Songs of Songs, but what an awakening: “I sleep, but my heart waketh: it is the voice of...
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  84.  11
    Music and the Ineffable: The Case for Profundity in Music.Jürgen Lawrenz - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):503-518.
    In this article we confront the ineffability of music to seek out a tenable conception of profound depths being plumbed in many such works. We take our initial bearings from the writings of the late Peter Kivy, who was a musically trained thinker and tackled the subject no less than four times. Our main interest lies in his outright dismissal of the idea. However, the scaffolding of his arguments reveals that he privileges the discursive metier without any evidence in his (...)
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  85.  7
    English Romantic Poetry’s Clash of the Generations.Michael J. Neth - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):527-532.
    Jeffrey Cox’s new book takes as its guiding thesis the rejection of the widely-held view of Wordsworth (1770-1850) as a poet whose only substantial work was produced from 1798 until about 1808. Thi...
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  86.  12
    Dialogues with Michael Eigen: Psyche Singing.Matthew Del Nevo - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):541-544.
    Psyche singing. The subtitle has religious resonances, so do the contents of the book; so does psychoanalysis if it has to go deep (but ours is a time for shallows, surfaces and simulation). Michae...
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  87.  15
    Art and Posthistory: Conversations on the End of Aesthetics. [REVIEW]Jeff Noonan - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):547-548.
    This short collection of conversations between the renowned American philosopher of art Arthur C. Danto and Italian art critic Demetrio Paparoni will serve as an effective introduction to Danto’s w...
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  88.  13
    Valuing Diversity Without Illusions: The Anti-Utopian Agonism of Karl Popper’s The Open Society and Its Enemies.Christof Royer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):463-481.
    This article offers a novel interpretation of Karl Popper’s influential yet controversial book, The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945). Popper, it argues, sheds light on a pivotal social and political question: How can we value genuine human plurality without succumbing to the illusion that enmity can be removed from the socio-political realm? What we find in Popper, I argue, is an “anti-utopian agonism,” that is, his conception of an open society harbors significant agonistic elements—a commitment to human plurality, an (...)
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  89.  8
    Nakam: The Holocaust Survivors Who Sought Full-Scale Revenge.Arthur B. Shostak - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):550-551.
    In the years immediately following WWII, between 1946 and 1948, there were four well-known salutatory responses to liberation by ex-captives. First, joyous Jewish survivors in Displaced Person (DP)...
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  90.  10
    Material World: The Intersection of Art, Science, and Nature in Ancient Literature and its Renaissance Reception.Lora Sigler - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (5):552-553.
    The essays chosen for this anthology were taken from a conference held April 20–21, 2018, in Florence, Italy, at the Dutch University Institute of Art. All concern themselves with what editor Guy H...
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  91.  14
    Fanaticism: A Political Philosophical History.Richard Avramenko - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):368-372.
    Watching Quentin Tarantino films is uncomfortable. They are mostly known for the all-too-real depictions of violence. The poster for his early film, Reservoir Dogs, has the main characters, all gan...
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  92.  12
    Liberal Democracy Critiqued and Affirmed.Joseph C. Bertolini - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):355-367.
    In Liberalism in Dark Times, an important, impressive and well documented book, Joshua Cherniss, associate professor of government at Georgetown University, focuses on an aspect of liberal theory t...
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  93.  16
    Mary Astell on Moderation: The Case of Occasional Conformity.Geertje Bol - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):294-312.
    In 1704, Mary Astell, known by many scholars as the “first English feminist,” published Moderation Truly Stated, her contribution to the national debate over “occasional conformity.” This was the practice of periodic participation in the sacraments of the Church of England—above all, taking communion—in order to become eligible for public office. This practice was defended as an exercise of the virtue of “moderation,” viewed as the opposite of zeal and associated with politeness and reasonableness. In this article I recover Astell’s (...)
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  94.  9
    Extremism: A Philosophical Analysis.Aurelian Craiutu - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):372-374.
    Extremism has been a constant presence and threat to the stability of the world in the last few decades. We know how destructive extremist organizations and ideologies can be, but when pressed to d...
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  95.  16
    Rediscovering Moderation at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century.Aurelian Craiutu - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):229-235.
    This article argues that moderation is a difficult, complex, and elusive concept that challenges our political imagination. It has several faces—epistemological, moral, constitutional, political and religious—and forms a rich intellectual tradition that has yet to be explored in all its complexity. Moderation is “the silken string that runs through the pearl-chain of all virtues” (Joseph Hall). As such, it ought to be examined not only as a virtue but also as a social practice, an intellectual sensibility, a way of life, (...)
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  96.  7
    Ulysses and Faust: Tradition and Modernism from Homer Till the Present.Wayne Cristaudo - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):417-419.
    Almost two years ago I reviewed The Triumph and Tragedy of the Intellectuals by Harry Redner in these pages; Redner, in turn, around much the same time had reviewed a book by Beibei Guan and myself...
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  97.  7
    Is There Really‘Nothing Unnatural in Nature’?Oren Harman - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):389-393.
    This book should have been called “The Penis Book.” Sure, there are a few clitorises here and there, a few vaginas, but all in all, it’s about penises. Giant penises and tiny penises, singing penis...
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  98.  20
    Was Spinoza a Pagan?Grant N. Havers - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):394-399.
    Spinoza once remarked in a letter to his friend Hugo Boxel: “To me the authority of Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates is not worth much.”1 The clarity of this statement has not deterred even experienc...
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  99.  11
    An Efficient “Propagandistic Instrument of Mobilisation”.Thomas Klikauer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):400-404.
    Over the past few years, much has been written about Germany’s Nazis and about ideology, but not too much has been published on Nazi ideology. Norwegian author Carl Müller Frøland has divided his s...
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  100.  9
    Two Concepts of Moderation in the Early Enlightenment.Nicholas Mithen - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):274-293.
    This essay proposes a bifurcation within the concept of moderation in early modern Europe. To draw this out it reconstructs an “encounter” between two citizens of the scholarly Republic of Letters in the years around 1700—Lodovico Antonio Muratori and Jean Le Clerc—and the concept of moderation each maintained. It proposes that the former maintained an ideal of moderation which was “hard” principally about self-regulation, while the latter maintained an ideal of moderation which was “soft” and principally about (religious) toleration. It (...)
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  101.  11
    Thinking Like a Radical: Social Democracy, Moderation, and Anti-Radicalism.Pedro Góis Moreira - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):330-347.
    The concepts of “radicalism” and “extremism” have been the focus of increasing scholarly attention in recent years, but, surprisingly, there has not been the same kind of effort to specify their opposites, such as the concept of “moderation.” In this article I argue that because “radicalism” and “extremism” have been defined in generally negative terms, we may deepen and refine our understanding of moderation once we are equipped with a more neutral conception of radicalism. Accordingly, I propose a new approach (...)
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  102.  7
    Moderation, Toleration, and Revolution: William Penn’s Perswasive in Context.Andrew R. Murphy - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):255-273.
    In this article, I explore the relationship between moderation and toleration in early modern England by focusing on William Penn’s 1685 A Perswasive to Moderation. This work, published by Penn in support of James II’s campaign to implement toleration in England by royal decree, explicitly linked moderation and the campaign for liberty of conscience in which Penn had participated for nearly two decades, in both England and America. More broadly, I show how Penn’s Perswasive entered into an ongoing debate over (...)
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  103.  10
    Moderation as Government: Montesquieu and the Divisibility of Power.Thomas Osborne - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):313-329.
    The principle of moderation can be regarded as an ethical principle of virtue or as a principle of government. On the basis of the former, moderation has a personal, ethical sense—not to go towards extremes. The latter model is more generalized and impersonal: moderation as the limitation of power by power. Both conceptions actually meet, though with the latter model more salient, in the work of Montesquieu. This article outlines Montesquieu’s view of moderation emphasizing the extent to which this view (...)
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  104.  5
    Israelpolitik: German–Israeli Relations, 1949–1969.Gesine Palmer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):424-425.
    “We can look back on what we have achieved and, without exaggerating, call it a ‘miracle’.” This quote is Angela Merkel’s second famous remark on Israel (the most famous being that Israel’s securit...
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  105.  15
    Finding Moderation in Plato’s Republic.Laura Rabinowitz - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):236-254.
    This article examines Plato’s understanding of moderation. I begin with a brief discussion of Plato’s Charmides, the dialogue in which Socrates asks, “What is moderation?” in order to frame a detailed treatment of key passages in Plato’s Republic where we find a definitive answer. I show the progress of the Republic to be an intentional development on Plato’s part, moving readers from a conventional understanding of moderation as mastery to a more compelling ideal: moderation as a harmony of the city (...)
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  106.  10
    Taste: A Book of Small Bites.Hans J. Rindisbacher - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):426-428.
    This slim volume of eclectic observations on the world of taste opens with an “Aperitif,” serves the five basic tastes in separate dishes, beginning with “Sweet,” followed by “Sour,” “Salty,” “Bitt...
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  107.  15
    Field of Battle.Karl W. Schweizer - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):430-432.
    This work represents a linguistic excursion into the “spatial conflict” field—defined here as a “theatre of war” or more precisely “technocratic security model” that intersects with the “lives of i...
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  108.  8
    Beyond Heaven and Earth: A Cognitive Theory of Religion.Ethan Shagan - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):432-434.
    This is an unusual book, one that I admit to having had difficulty understanding. Part of my difficulty no doubt stems from the fact that Beyond Heaven and Earth is far outside my disciplinary expe...
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  109.  16
    Gerhard Richter: Painting after the Subject of History.Lora Sigler - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):434-435.
    Benjamin Buchloh’s two interviews with Gerhard Richter, which bookend this slim volume, are fascinating glimpses into the artist’s interior life, and thus rewarding. Unfortunately, jargon and proli...
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    Afterword: Moderation in an Age of Crisis.Alexander Smith - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):348-354.
    It is the Right that has inherited the ambitious modernist urge to destroy and innovate in the name of a universal project. Through the war in Iraq through the unrequited desire to dismantle public...
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  111. "“Something Other Than Reason”: Conservatism Past and Present". [REVIEW]D. N. Byrne - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (2):191-195.
    For many years Sir Roger Scruton’s incendiary pen, his own fine-point flamethrower, provoked outrage in the fields of journalism, literature, and in popular, as well as academic studies. As a philo...
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