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  1.  1
    The Impact of Twenty-First Century Personalized Medicine Versus Twenty-First Century Medicine’s Impact on Personalization.Camille Abettan & Jos V. M. Welie - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-8.
    Background Over the past decade, the exponential growth of the literature devoted to personalized medicine has been paralleled by an ever louder chorus of epistemic and ethical criticisms. Their differences notwithstanding, both advocates and critics share an outdated philosophical understanding of the concept of personhood and hence tend to assume too simplistic an understanding of personalization in health care. Methods In this article, we question this philosophical understanding of personhood and personalization, as these concepts shape the field of personalized medicine. (...)
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  2.  2
    A Duty to Treat? A Right to Refrain? Bangladeshi Physicians in Moral Dilemma During COVID-19.Mohammad Kamrul Ahsan, Md Munir Hossain Talukder & Norman K. Swazo - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-23.
    BackgroundNormally, physicians understand they have a duty to treat patients, and they perform accordingly consistent with codes of medical practice, standards of care, and inner moral motivation. In the case of COVID-19 pandemic in a developing country such as Bangladesh, however, the fact is that some physicians decline either to report for duty or to treat patients presenting with COVID-19 symptoms. At issue ethically is whether such medical practitioners are to be automatically disciplined for dereliction of duty and gross negligence; (...)
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  3.  9
    Normality in Medicine: A Critical Review.Marisa Catita, Artur Águas & Pedro Morgado - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-6.
    What is considered normal determines clinical practice in medicine and has implications at an individual level, doctor-patient relationship and health care policies. With the increase in medical information and technical abilities it is urgent to have a clear concept of normality in medicine so that crucial discussions can be held with unequivocal terms.The different meanings for normality were analyzed throughout the literature and grouped according to their relevance in the academic community in models, namely the Biostatistical Theory, Health, Ideal, Process (...)
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  4.  4
    My Fear, My Morals: A Surgeon’s Perspective of the COVID Crisis.Shabir A. Dhar & Zaid A. Wani - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-3.
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  5.  2
    What We May Learn – and Need – From Pandemic Fiction.Jane Doherty & James Giordano - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-3.
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  6.  1
    Humanism in Clinical Education: A Mixed Methods Study on the Experiences of Clinical Instructors in Iran.Hakimeh Hazrati, Shoaleh Bigdeli, Vahideh Zarea Gavgani, Seyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Mozhgan Behshid & Zohreh Sohrabi - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-10.
    BackgroundMedical education is currently more considerate about the human dimension. The present qualitative study aimed to explain the experiences of clinical professors with regard to humanism in clinical education in Iran.MethodsThis mixed methods study had two phases, a quanitative phase of scientometrics and a qualitative phase of a content analysis. In the scientometrics phase, Ravar PreMap and VOSviewer software programs were utilized for plotting the conceptual networks. The networks were analyzed at the micro-level based on centrality indices. The conceptual network (...)
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  7.  3
    Why ‘Understanding’ of Research May Not Be Necessary for Ethical Emergency Research.Dan Kabonge Kaye - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-8.
    BackgroundRandomized controlled trials are central to generating knowledge about effectiveness of interventions as well as risk, protective and prognostic factors related to diseases in emergency newborn care. Whether prospective participants understand the purpose of research, and what they perceive as the influence of the context on their understanding of the informed consent process for RCTs in emergency obstetric and newborn care are not well documented.MethodsConceptual review.DiscussionResearch is necessary to identify how the illnesses may be prevented, to explore the causes, and (...)
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  8.  1
    The Impact of Caring for Dying Patients in Intensive Care Units on a Physician’s Personhood: A Systematic Scoping Review.Joshua Tze Yin Kuek, Lisa Xin Ling Ngiam, Nur Haidah Ahmad Kamal, Jeng Long Chia, Natalie Pei Xin Chan, Ahmad Bin Hanifah Marican Abdurrahman, Chong Yao Ho, Lorraine Hui En Tan, Jun Leng Goh, Michelle Shi Qing Khoo, Yun Ting Ong, Min Chiam, Annelissa Mien Chew Chin, Stephen Mason & Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-16.
    Background Supporting physicians in Intensive Care Units s as they face dying patients at unprecedented levels due to the COVID-19 pandemic is critical. Amidst a dearth of such data and guided by evidence that nurses in ICUs experience personal, professional and existential issues in similar conditions, a systematic scoping review is proposed to evaluate prevailing accounts of physicians facing dying patients in ICUs through the lens of Personhood. Such data would enhance understanding and guide the provision of better support for (...)
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  9.  2
    Joining forces: the need to combine science and ethics to address problems of validity and translation in neuropsychiatry research using animal models.Franck L. B. Meijboom, Elzbieta Kostrzewa & Cathalijn H. C. Leenaars - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundCurrent policies regulating the use of animals for scientific purposes are based on balancing between potential gain of knowledge and suffering of animals used in experimentation. The balancing process is complicated, on the one hand by plurality of views on our duties towards animals, and on the other hand by more recent discussions on uncertainty in the probability of reaching the final aim of the research and problems of translational failure.MethodsThe study combines ethical analysis based on a literature review with (...)
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  10.  3
    Heart in Art: Cardiovascular Diseases in Novels, Films, and Paintings.Martin J. Schalij, Michael Murray, Alexander D. Hilt, Barend W. Florijn, Pim B. van der Meer & Ad A. Kaptein - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):2.
    BackgroundUnderstanding representations of disease in various art genres provides insights into how patients and health care providers view the diseases. It can also be used to enhance patient care and stimulate patient self-management.MethodsThis paper reviews how cardiovascular diseases are represented in novels, films, and paintings: myocardial infarction, aneurysm, hypertension, stroke, heart transplantation, Marfan’s disease, congestive heart failure. Various search systems and definitions were used to help identify sources of representations of different cardiovascular diseases. The representations of the different diseases were (...)
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  11.  5
    Coronavirus Misinformation and the Political Scenario: The Science Cannot Be ‘Another’ Barrier.Marcelo Simões Mendes - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-2.
    The sensible and conflicting scenario of the pandemic postulated many challenges to societies around the world in 2020. Part of this problem refers to how the differences between politics and science are not comprehended in their particularities. The recognition of limits and power of science and politics can not only contribute to reaching the actions and strategies facing novel coronavirus but also optimized many domains of society.
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  12.  3
    Globalization and Vulnerable Populations in Times of a Pandemic: A Mayan Perspective.Claudia Ruiz Sotomayor & Alejandra Barrero - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):1-3.
    Global health conditions are marked by inequities due mostly to poverty and lack of access to healthcare services. In a Pandemic setting, Mayan Communities in the Quintana Roo State in Mexico are a good example of how these disparities are exacerbated. First, they may have difficulty in adhering to directives to stay home from work because of the nature of their job, and the necessity to work, their living conditions are marked by crowding and sometimes lack of basic sanitation. Other (...)
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