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  1.  5
    Re-Engaging Normative and Empirical Democratic Theory: Or, Why Normative Democratic Theory Is Empirical All the Way Down.Quinlan Bowman - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (2):159-201.
    ABSTRACT Historically, many philosophers and social scientists have sharply distinguished between “normative” and “empirical” forms of inquiry. In response, some have called for a re-engagement of these forms of inquiry. Here I offer a novel way of justifying such re-engagement in democratic theory. Drawing on classical pragmatism, I argue that normative democratic theory is a form of practical reasoning, hence inevitably involves empirical inquiry. Thus, in reasoning about what democratic processes ought to look like, we should avoid sharply distinguishing normative (...)
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  2.  9
    The Technopolitics of Wicked Problems: Reconstructing Democracy in an Age of Complexity.Anke Gruendel - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (2):202-243.
    ABSTRACT “Complexity” is ubiquitous in contemporary political commentary, where it is invoked to justify innovative governance programs. However, the term lacks analytic clarity. One way to make sense of it is to construct a genealogy of the notion of “wicked problems,” a concept that highlights the intractability of complex problems and problematizes the technocratic management of complexity. The term wicked problems originated in science planning in postwar Germany and urban planning in the United States. In both cases, planners rejected a (...)
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  3.  4
    Laclau’s New Postmodern Radicalism: Politics, Democracy, and the Epistemology of Certainty.Pedro Góis Moreira - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (2):244-278.
    ABSTRACT A timeless critique holds that the radical is animated by a deep sense of certainty that leads to the worst excesses. By distinguishing essentialist and non-essentialist forms of radicalism, Ernesto Laclau offers a “coalitional” form of radicalism that, in effect, responds to this critique. Laclau deconstructs classical forms of radicalism, such as Marxism, to show how one can use some of their formal components, such as dichotomic rhetoric and a notion of utopia, without assuming that their particular content entails (...)
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  4.  2
    How Realistic Is the Modeling of Epistemic Democracy?Miljan Vasic´ - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (2):279-298.
    ABSTRACT The “diversity trumps ability” model is often interpreted as a mechanism supporting epistemic democracy. However, as a variety of empirical and mathematical studies have shown, if we attempt to test the realism of the model, it turns out that it points as much toward epistocracy as democracy. This might appear to leave epistocracy with an advantage, since its rationale is not usually thought to rely on the DTA but on the obvious relevance of expertise to making complex decisions. Yet (...)
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  5.  11
    Consequences, Conscience, and Fallibility: Early Modern Roots of Toleration.Arash Abizadeh - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (1):16-27.
    The transition away from the highly intolerant and persecutory regimes of late-medieval and early-modern Europe was facilitated by four important developments. First, Europeans learned that social order and cohesion are threatened less by diversity than by intolerance of it. Second, the traditionally paternalist vision of the state’s role was called into question by a new valuation of the individual conscience and consequently of individual liberties. Third, the assumption that the meaning of symbols is objectively determined was replaced by the recognition (...)
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  6.  9
    Marx and Romanticism.Warren Breckman - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (1):28-52.
    ABSTRACT While Marx threw off his attraction to Romanticism when he was still a teenager, scholars have detected various senses in which deep structures of Romantic thought persist in his work. These structures have frequently been taken as contributing factors to Marx’s alleged millenarianism, doctrinaire rigidity, and intolerance. The mature Marx does draw on Romantic ideas at crucial moments; but rather than reinforcing an image of Marx as an intolerant ideologue, the Romantic element in his thought, properly construed, suggests theoretical (...)
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  7.  10
    Introduction: Intolerance, Power, and Epistemology.Jeffrey Friedman - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (1):1-15.
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  8.  3
    Early Modern Epistemologies and Religious Intolerance.Shterna Friedman - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (1):53-84.
    ABSTRACT There is a direct relationship between epistemology and one's attitude toward those with whom one disagrees. Those who think that the truth is difficult to ascertain can be expected, other things equal, to tend to tolerate those with whom they disagree, as the blameless victims of an opaque reality. Those who think that the truth is easy to ascertain can be expected, other things equal, to tend to be intolerant toward those with whom they disagree, who perversely refuse to (...)
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  9.  9
    Citizens as Militant Democrats, Or: Just How Intolerant Should the People Be?Jan-Werner Müller - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (1):85-98.
    ABSTRACT Militant democracy calls for pre-emptive measures against political actors who use democratic institutions to undermine or outright abolish a democratic political system. Born in the context of interwar fascism, militant democracy has recently been revived by political and legal theorists concerned about the rise of authoritarian right-wing populists. A long-standing charge against militant democracy—also articulated with renewed force in our era—is that, as a top-down way to deal with the intolerant, militant democracy is inherently elitist and bears uncomfortable similarities (...)
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  10.  12
    Philosophical Foundations of Contemporary Intolerance: Why We No Longer Take Martin Luther King, Jr. Seriously.Aaron Preston - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (1):99-145.
    ABSTRACT A growing body of research suggests that political polarization in the United States is at a forty-year high, and that it is rooted less in disagreements over policy than in hostile attitudes toward political opponents. Such attitudes explain the manifest increase of intolerant behavior in American culture and politics in recent years. But what explains the attitudes themselves? One significant contributor may have been the rise of scientism in the early twentieth century, which undermined the metaphysical, epistemic, and institutional (...)
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  11.  6
    Who Is Intolerant? The Clash Between LGBTQ+ Rights and Religious Free Exercise.Rogers M. Smith - 2022 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 34 (1):146-158.
    ABSTRACT Few denials of tolerance are more severe than rejection of the moral worth of another’s way of life. In the U.S. today, many traditional religious believers, especially fundamentalist Christians, and many LGBQT+ persons see each other’s ways of life as deeply evil in important respects. These gulfs probably cannot be bridged; but public policies can and should seek to accommodate all claims of conscience as far as this can be done without denying anyone meaningful possession of basic rights. By (...)
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