Diametros

ISSN: 1733-5566

18 found

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  1.  4
    “Dangerous Connections”. The Problem of Closeness in the Contemporary Debate on the Principle of Double Effect.Barbara Chyrowicz - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):133-164.
    The problem of closeness was posed by Philippa Foot in the article “The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect”. Foot criticizes the classic version of the principle of double effect which distinguishes direct from indirect intention. On this basis, she considers it justified to cause bad effects which were foreseen but not intended. She believes that if we consider causing a bad effect to be justified then the way we do it is irrelevant, while the reference to (...)
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  2. Two notes on Rafał Kubiak article.Wojciech Ciszewski - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):110-116.
    The following text is a voice in the discussion around normative problems of innovative therapies. It particularly refers to the amendment to the Polish Act on the Professions of Physician and Dentist, also discussed in this issue in the article by Rafał Kubiak "Criminal liability for crimes related to the illegal conduct of a medical experiment.".
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  3.  4
    Expanded access programs as a source of cognitive data.Olga Dryla - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):2-15.
    The presented article is devoted to the question of whether extended access therapy can or should be accompanied by research activity. It consists of three parts. The first lists the tasks that can be used for medical information regarding extended access programs, which leads to the conclusion that even taking into account the specific limitations of their cognitive value, this type of data can be meaningfully used. The second part is devoted to the limited regulations in European law concerning the (...)
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  4.  2
    Experimental therapies - definitions and regulations.Włodzimierz Galewicz - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):16-36.
    The subject of this article are the definitional and regulatory aspects of experimental (or innovative) therapies, understood either as new and unproven treatment methods that can be tested – and for this purpose used – also in clinical trials, or as applications of these new and unproven procedures in medical practice. After a short introduction, recalling one of the important sources of the concept of experimental or innovative therapy, which was the Belmont Report, I first discuss the problems related to (...)
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  5.  1
    The contribution of experimental therapies to the development of medical knowledge.Włodzimierz Galewicz - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):117-123.
    The following text is a voice in the discussion around normative problems of innovative therapies. It particularly refers to problems related to the contribution of experimental therapies to the development of medical knowledge, also discussed in this issue in the article by Olga Dryla "Expanded access programs as a source of cognitive data.".
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  6.  2
    Criminal liability for crimes related to the illegal conduct of a medical experiment.Rafał Kubiak - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):37-71.
    In 2021, there was a significant amendment to the legislation on medical experimentation. In particular, Chapter 4 of the Law of December 5, 1996 on the Profession of Physician and Dentist (Journal of Laws 2023, item 1516) was amended, in which the prerequisites of legally relevant consent given by the participant in the experiment or by other entities that express a position on their behalf were specified. In addition, procedures related to the opinion of the research project by the so-called (...)
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  7.  3
    Advertisements of experimental medicinal products and medical procedures in the light of Polish law and media ethics.Paweł Lipowski - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):72-85.
    _The dynamic development of medical technologies, i.e. the use of medicinal products and medical procedures, requires reflection on the ways to ensure the safety of patients and people using such methods of treatment (medical professionals) in legal and ethical terms. This applies in particular to the currently observed influence of the media on the actions taken in the health care system in Poland as well as individual decisions of patients on the use of the offered drugs and other medical procedures._ (...)
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  8.  1
    Distortion of the Normative Meaning of 'Innovativeness' in the Language of Experts.Piotr Grzegorz Nowak - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):124-128.
    The following text is a voice in the discussion around normative problems of innovative therapies. It particularly refers to the meaning of the concept of innovation, also discussed in this issue in the article by Tomasz Rzepiński "Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP) as products of innovative biotechnologies.".
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  9. Medicine on free market and contemporary media.Jan Pleszczyński - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):129-132.
    The following text is a voice in the discussion around normative problems of innovative therapies. It particularly refers to legal and ethical problems related to the advertisement of experimental medicinal products and medical procedures, also discussed in this issue in the article by Paweł Lipowski "Advertisements of experimental medicinal products and medical procedures in the light of Polish law and media ethics.".
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  10.  4
    Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP) as products of innovative biotechnologies.Tomasz Rzepiński - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):86-109.
    Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP) offer hope for health benefits in all situations where traditional methods of therapy fail or cannot be used for various reasons. The main purpose of this article is to analyze the concept of innovation as applied to the biotechnologies employed in ATMP. In the analysis of the concept, five main contexts of meaning that contribute to its understanding will be distinguished: a change in the way of thinking about the available spectrum of medical procedures, the (...)
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  11.  7
    Between stigmatization and body acceptance. The media discourse concerning obese people.Irena Wolska- Zogata - 2023 - Diametros 20 (78):165-180.
    Abnormal body weight has been subject to varying assessments over time. The stigmatization of obesity for aesthetic reasons only began in the Western world in the second half of the 19th century, and in the 20th century its association with increased mortality was recognized. Body weight is associated with social and cultural meanings that affect human identity, and discussions about it generate considerable emotion. Words used to refer to body weight can influence people's self-perceptions, attitudes and behavior. Experimental studies have (...)
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  12.  6
    Psychotherapy – at the interface between psychological mechanisms and free will.Dariusz Kuncewicz - 2023 - Diametros 20 (77):1-16.
    The aim of the article was to develop the thesis that patient’s decisions about truth and responsibility are central to the process of psychotherapy and yet they are rarely explicitly articulated. In the first part of the text, I outlined the anthropological context of the thesis, according to which human intentionality and psychological mechanisms have the status of domains of objective reality that are ontologically separate, although in the patient’s experience they combine with one another. Next, with reference to the (...)
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  13.  4
    Developing a Philosophical Foundation for the Study of the Microbial Side of Symbiosis.Adrian Stencel - 2023 - Diametros 20 (77):38-50.
    Symbiotic associations have been studied extensively in recent years, focusing mainly on the potential benefits to the host. However, understanding the role played by microorganisms in the physiology and fitness of the host, an aspect of the subject that had been neglected for a long time, has now become an important goal of symbiotic studies. Among the interesting philosophical questions are the following: how should we study the impact of symbiosis on the fitness of symbiotic microorganisms? What framework should scientists (...)
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  14.  6
    Personal Data Protection as an Element of the Ethical Evaluation of Scientific Research Involving Humans.Mariusz Jagielski - 2023 - Diametros 19 (76):1-14.
    The aim of the article is to explain the relationship between the ethical evaluation of scientific research involving personal data and the assessment of compliance with data protection law. The article presents the mutual relationship between the protection of personal data and scientific activity from a dogmatic perspective, the legal regulation of the processing of personal data in scientific research, and the so-called research exceptions that apply when data are processed for scientific research. It also covers the importance of meeting (...)
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  15.  4
    The Ethics Committee as Gatekeeper, Enemy, Censor, or Partner? The Process of the Ethical Evaluation of Social Research with Sex Workers.Izabela Ślęzak - 2023 - Diametros 19 (76):30-47.
    The purpose of the paper is to present the challenges and difficulties that may be encountered in the process of the evaluation of qualitative research on sex workers by ethics committees. Such research is usually subject to review by ethics committees because of the risk of harm to participants, who are considered “vulnerable”. At the same time, due to the social stigma arising from the provision of sex services, researchers, research participants, and ethics committee members may have their own ideas (...)
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  16.  6
    What Can We Learn From the Discussion on Anglophone Ethics Committees? An Analysis of Selected (Contested) Issues.Adrianna Surmiak - 2023 - Diametros 19 (76):15-29.
    Ethics committees enjoy both a long history and a strong presence in Anglophone countries, although simultaneously their functioning provokes debate in the social research community. In this paper, I analyse selected contested issues that revolve around three questions: 1) Who do ethics committees protect, and who should they? 2) Should ethics committees protect all research participants in the same way? 3) When can ethics committees intervene in the methodology of the research project under review? Analysing these disputes is important since (...)
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  17.  7
    Nicolai Hartmann and José Ortega y Gasset: An overview of an intellectual relationship based on the correspondence of two philosophers from 1907–1912.Dorota Leszczyna - 2023 - Diametros 19 (75):1-16.
    This article is of both a historical and philosophical nature. It aims to present the intellectual relationship between the Spanish philosopher José Ortega y Gasset and one of the most influential German thinkers of the first half of the twentieth century, Nicolai Hartmann. It is based on hitherto unknown and unpublished correspondence that the philosophers conducted intermittently between 1907 and 1912. The correspondence was found in the archives of the José Ortega y Gasset – Gregorio Marañón Foundation in Madrid along (...)
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  18.  7
    Ectogenesis and the Violinist.William Simkulet - 2023 - Diametros 19 (75):37-47.
    Michal Pruski and Richard C. Playford argue that if partial ectogenesis technology becomes available then it would undermine Judith Jarvis Thomson’s defense of abortion. Thomson argues that even if a fetus has a right to life, this is not a positive right to be given whatever one needs to survive; it is not a right to use the mother’s body or to risk her life without her permission. Pruski and Playford argue that when the risks involved in ectogenesis are comparable (...)
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