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  1.  1
    Educação, Formação Na Virtude E Na Liberdade: A Proposta da Tradição Aristotélica.Anderson Machado R. Alves & Renato José de Moraes - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):365-384.
    Virtue Ethics is an ethical school that starts from the concept of virtues formulated by Aristotle, placing it as the center of all ethics. Moral rules and actions are to be understood and analysed from the point of view of virtues, not the other way around. This conception of ethics brings important consequences in the theory and practice of education, because the formation of virtues becomes an essential element of pedagogy. Contemporary authors, such as Abbà and Samek Lodovici, developed proposals (...)
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  2.  3
    Happiness as Subjective Well-Being: An Aristotelian Critique.Tom Angier - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):149-180.
    In this paper I systematically criticise Feldman’s and Haybron’s theories of happiness as subjective well-being [SWB]. Having elaborated their trichotomy between SWB, welfare and virtue, I then outline Aristotle’s rival ethical schema, which construes these as aspects within an inextricable, organic whole, viz. eudaimonia. In order to vindicate this rival schema, I begin with four thought-experiments: Feldman’s Bertha, the indoctrinated housewife, Haybron’s ‘happy slave’, and two of my own. I argue that these demonstrate – contra Feldman and Haybron, but in (...)
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  3.  2
    Mothering Virtues.Nafsika Athanassoulis - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):319-342.
    This paper aims to give an introductory account of mothering in light of virtue ethics. Firtly I set out an argument for the use of the term 'mothering' rather than 'parental' virtues. Then I consider what is involved in the mother/child relationship and criticise the idea that the aim of mothering is the flourishing of the child. I argue instead that the proper aim of mothering is to create conditions condusive to the child's flourishing. Finally, I discuss the virtue of (...)
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  4. Book Review - The Metaphysics of Representation. [REVIEW]Ricardo Barroso Batista - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):491-496.
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  5.  2
    O Cuidado Como Virtude: Um Diálogo Entre a Ética Das Virtudes E a Ética Do Cuidado.José Manuel Beato - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):285-318.
    One of the issues insufficiently discussed in the contemporary virtues ethics is whether it is pertinent and possible to draw up a systematic board of virtues, and, in this context, to analyze what new skills or character traits can be included on it. Having as context the relationships between virtue ethics and the ethics of care, the purpose of this paper is to clarify the theoretical conditions that allow conceiving and defining care as a virtue. The move from natural caring (...)
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  6. Book Review - Interpreting Hobbes’s Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]Manuel Lencastre Cardoso - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):481-490.
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  7. ¿Educación En Virtudes o Biomejora Neuroética?Jesús Conill - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):125-146.
    This article discusses the challenges faced by traditional education for virtues based on human nature in light of new forces of social dynamic and modern technosciences: the modern critique from theory of citizenship and the disruptive potential of the new neuroethical bioenhancement. Can the core of the education for virtues survive across the powerful processes of modern life, based on new conceptions of citizenship and innovative technologies applied to the moral education? The relevance of Ethical Humanism for Education.
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  8.  4
    Virtue Ethics and the Concept of Action.Ramon Das - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):61-74.
    This paper explores some parallels between the concept of action as it is deployed in two theoretical projects: constructing a virtue-ethical account of right action; and explaining human actions in causal terms. Although one project is normative and the other non-normative, I argue that they face essentially the same fundamental challenge: both have a difficult time dealing with the familiar fact that persons have the ability to act out of character. For virtue ethics, this fact threatens to undermine its most (...)
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  9. Una Aproximación a la Bioética Desde Su Perspectiva Aretológica.Xabier Etxeberria - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):385-408.
    This paper introduces the aretological bioethics through a comparative analysis between this and the principialist and axiological bioethics. It is considered that this new proposal is not an alternative to the others, but a relevant perspective called to articulate its remarks with the others. Then the paper moves to define the key feature of this proposal, which is the vulnerability of living beings, as well as its ethical topos: the care relation before wounds. This relation is firstly exposed in its (...)
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  10.  6
    Minimum Circumstances Necessary for Virtue and Happiness.Benjamin Hole - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):237-260.
    What are the worst conditions under which someone can be virtuous and happy? In this paper, I argue that a minimum threshold of favorable circumstances is necessary for moral virtue and human flourishing or happiness. Stoic and Aristotelian traditions make different and important claims about the role of external circumstances in our moral lives. Retrieving the ancient dispute benefits contemporary ethics. For one, the relevance of external circumstances is an important question for the development of present-day virtue ethics. For another, (...)
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  11. La Ética de la Virtud Más Allá de Las Modas.Alfredo Marcos - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):25-48.
    In recent years, Virtue Ethics has gained an eminent presence in the philosophical arena, which is, in my opinion, a very positive fact. If it runs now any risk, it is to become another intellectual fad, a trending topic as successful today as ephemeral for tomorrow. I make here three proposals in order to avoid this risk. To begin with, it is essential to highlight the historical continuity of VE : it is premodern by its roots, it reinterprets and integrates (...)
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  12. Neovirtud: Las Insuficiencias de la Recuperación de Un Concepto.Margarita Mauri - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):49-60.
    The contemporary recovery of the concept of ‘virtue’ has given rise to a fruitful research on how to define and relate virtue to other concepts and areas. Under the name of virtue ethics, authors from different perspectives consider virtue to be an essential element of moral philosophy, since it fulfills the task of explaining the human moral dimension. Many of these authors share the intention to deal with virtue by isolating the concept of the set of notions that could contribute (...)
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  13. Modeling Virtuous Environmentalism and Health Care.Paul J. Medeiros - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):409-430.
    Illuminating environmentalism and health care in light of virtues brings innovative proposals and old recipes. At one extreme are scholars unearthing an abundance of virtues to meet 21st Century commitments to diversity and inclusion. At the other are scholars wielding tradition’s prudence to overcome impasse in applied ethics and morals. The decisive issue for applying virtue: to depart or keep tradition. Between extremes is only the overhaul of tradition: observing cardinal and intellectual virtues as populating a contingent, but orderly model. (...)
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  14.  1
    Honesty and Dishonesty: Unpacking Two Character Traits Neglected by Philosophers.Christian B. Miller - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):343-362.
    There has been almost nothing written in philosophy on honesty in the past fifty years. This paper contributes one piece to a larger project of trying to change this unfortunate state of affairs. In section one, I outline an original account of the behavioural component of honesty as involving being disposed to not intentionally distort the facts as the person sees them. Section two turns to the vice of deficiency, namely dishonesty, which I suggest is the only vice corresponding to (...)
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  15. A Natura Vel a Lege: O Instituto da Servidão E a Sociedade Neo-Esclavagista No Ensino Ético-Jurídico de Cosme de Magalhães, SJ.José Carlos Lopes de Miranda - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):455-478.
    In their lessons of Moral Theology, the Jesuit Masters of Coimbra and Évora systematically addressed the subject of the origin and transfer of private property and civil power. The manuscripts of their courses dedicate a significant space to them in the treatise De Dominio, with exhaustive dissertations that, dealing with topics as subjective rights or the legitimation and limitation of power, can, still today, offer relevant principles of social and political philosophy. It was within this treatise de Dominio that they (...)
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  16. Aristóteles E o Argumento da Obra Ou Função Do Homem.Francisco Moraes & Mário Maximo - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):181-208.
    Aristotle affirms a close relationship between virtue and happiness. Virtues make happiness possible. However, to say that happiness is an activity of the soul according to virtue does not mean neglecting the so-called material goods or even luck. These are decisive factors that can either favor or ultimately hinder the happy life, which always will be a life of action. Therefore, there is no pure and simple identity between virtue and happiness. The virtues themselves reflect a perfect harmony between reason (...)
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  17.  1
    Exemplarist Virtue Theory and the Kant Complaint.Bruno Niederbacher - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):75-92.
    Recently, Linda Zagzebski has proposed an “exemplarist virtue theory.” Her idea is to define moral terms such as “right act”, “duty”, “good end”, “good motive”, “virtue” etc. by referring directly to exemplars we admire upon reflection such as Confucius, Jesus Christ, St. Francis, St. Elisabeth etc. In this article, I will first present the main theses of Zagzebski’s theory and relate them to the program of virtue ethics. Secondly, I will confront her theory with what I call “the Kant Complaint” (...)
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  18.  1
    Presentation – Virtue Ethics: Contemporary Perspectives.Bruno Nobre & João Carlos Onofre Pinto - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):17-22.
    The virtues approach dominated ethics during the period of Classical Antiquity and throughout the Middle Ages. During Modernity, this rich tradition went through a progressive decline, and was eventually replaced by the influential traditions initiated by authors such as Immanuel Kant, Jeremy Bentham or John Stuart Mill. As it is well known, a seminal article written in 1958 by Elizabeth Anscombe initiated a revival of virtue ethics. Since then, an increasing number of moral philosophers, such as Alasdair MacIntyre, Philippa Foot, (...)
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  19.  1
    Richard Dawkins E o Novo Ateísmo. Uma Leitura Crítica.Francisco José de Jesus Oliveira - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):433-454.
    This article focuses on the work of Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion, addressed together with his earlier works – The Selfish Gene and The Blind Watchmaker – and contemporary atheism, personalized in the new atheism triad. In this text it is argued on the one hand that Richard Dawkins in his work confuses philosophy with theology and that on the other hand the author mantains a certain idea of science and scientific knowledge that is dogmatized. These two dimensions of his (...)
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  20.  1
    A Ética Das Virtudes E a Distinção Entre Moralidade E Felicidade.Rafael Rodrigues Pereira - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):93-124.
    In this paper we propose a conception of Virtue Ethics based on ancient eudaimonic ethics. We argue that in these conceptions the notion of virtue is understood as an excellent state of the soul, in which the distinction between happiness and morality is overcome. We’ll try to show that this approach makes easier for Virtue Ethics to deal with several of its problems. We also argue that many of the elements present in the contemporary debate about virtue ethics can be (...)
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  21. Book Review - Negação e poder: do desafio do niilismo ao perigo da tecnologia. [REVIEW]Luís Provinciatto - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):497-502.
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  22.  1
    Aquinas and Virtue Acquisition in Secondary Causes.Julie Loveland Swanstrom - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):261-282.
    A part of Aquinas’s argument against occasionalism is that creatures like human beings must be true causes in order to be able to grow and be perfected. Were humans not true causes, God’s promises and exhortations to humankind are for naught. Here, I explore the role of virtue in habit and the perfection of human beings in Aquinas, with the larger goal of using this discussion of virtue to address secondary causation. Virtue is relevant because a) creatures can act as (...)
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  23.  2
    Trouble in Paradise: Aristotle’s Ideal Polis & Political Exclusion.Christopher Turner - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):209-236.
    Cui felicitati? Whose happiness counts and whose does not? Aristotle’s ideal polis in Book VII of the Politics is supposed to be a place where ‘anyone at all’ can live a flourishing life and yet when we examine it more closely it seems that only a rather small minority of human beings within it flourish while most are relegated to a subordinate status incompatible with the achievement of their happiness. Several interpretations of who counts as active participant in Aristotle’s ideal (...)
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