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  1.  2
    Good’s Irreducibility: The Discordancy Argument and Aristotle.Aaron Morgan Anderson - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):163-180.
    In this paper, I argue that the good is irreducible. I use the term ‘irreducible’ in a way similar to but not identical to G. E. Moore’s usage of ‘indefinable’ as found in Principia Ethica. By ‘irreducible,’ I mean that something cannot be simplified into something other than itself. For my purposes, this is to say that the good is sui generis and cannot be accounted for by anything other than itself. Inspired by what I take to be Moore’s basic (...)
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  2. A Doença de Sócrates, Ou a Doença Sócrates? Nietzsche Entre Instinto E Razão.Fabíola Menezes Araújo & Micael Silva - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):297-324.
    “Socratism despises instinct and, with it, art. It denies wisdom just where it is in its most proper reign”. With this quote from The Dionysian world’s view Nietzsche shows up how he takes the philosophy’s most emblematic figure since the phylosophy’s birth in a duel. Nietzsche starred a duel with Socrates, or rather with what his represents in the course of Western thought. Nietzsche will regard Socrates as a kind of philosopher-antipode that will be present in early Nietzschean’s writings to (...)
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  3.  1
    A Insuficiência Das Leis: Uma Reflexão Sobre o Pensamento de Antifonte.Cristiane A. De Azevedo - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):235-250.
    In the 5th century BC, in Athens, Antiphon reflects on the relationship between physis and nómos in a way quite different from most sophists. Indeed, one of the particularities of sophist thought is to minimize physis so that thinking focus itself on nómos, on what man can, through thinking and debate, establish in regard to the common good and justice in the pólis. However, Antiphon takes up this relationship between nature and law to direct it to another path. In an (...)
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  4. Presentation – The Good in Ancient Philosophy: Contemporary Retrievals.Cristiane A. De Azevedo, Francisco Moraes & João Carlos Onofre Pinto - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):13-18.
    Why talk about the Good in present times? It seems unreasonable, naïve, and romantic in these days of isolation, sadness, and needs of all kinds; days that make it hard for us to see a way out. However, it is precisely because we live in challenging times that it becomes urgent to talk and think about the Good, its practice, its works and its power to make the human, Human. In this special issue we propose to engage in contemporary readings (...)
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  5. El Logos Propio y El Problema de la Verdad En Antístenes.Santiago Chame - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):383-410.
    In this paper, I examine Antisthenes’s conception of truth in order to better understand the relation between ontology and language in his thought. I intend to show that it presents a sharp contrast to Plato’s account of the problem of truth, which relies on an affirmative conception of ontology that involves both the concepts of correspondence and of predicative attribution. While for both philosophers the problem of truth is central, Antisthenes develops a peculiar perspective that subverts Plato’s attempt to sort, (...)
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  6.  2
    O Bem Humano Em Epicteto.Aldo Dinucci & Kelli Rudolph - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):21-46.
    In this paper we will focus on the following points in Epictetus. First, we will concentrate our attention on the celebrated distinction between things up to us and things not up to us. Second, we will survey the distinction between the material and its use. According to this distinction, all external things are not up to us and consequently have no intrinsic value, although, as materials for the capacity of choice, their use has value, since humans can use things well (...)
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  7. Nationalism, Globalism, and Religion.John Farina - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):411-426.
    Contemporary political debate is replete with presentations of nationalism that see it as a reactionary movement with a troubling history and dubious prospect. It is often contrasted with globalism, presented in equally sweeping terms. A closer look at the tensions between nationalism and globalism reveals a far more complex picture, especially when the nineteenth and twentieth century histories of those terms are examined. This paper argues for a more nuanced view of nationalism and its value in societies, a value that (...)
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  8. Desejo, Fantasia, Cognição E Bem Aparente Em Aristóteles.Francisco Marques Miranda Filho - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):181-202.
    Aristotle treats in his works De Anima and De Motu Animalium of desire, perception, cognition, fantasy, and good apparent without directly correlating these concepts with his two great ethics, at least that is what the interpreters have as a question solved. The article takes up these concepts that Jessica Moss and Hendrik Lorenz develop, highlighting the important function that fantasy plays in the locomotion chain, when the soul is moved by the desire of a certain desired object, whose good is (...)
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  9.  1
    Classifying the Epicurean Goods.Alex R. Gillham - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):47-70.
    Scholars have paid little attention to the classifications among goods that Epicureans posit. This paper remedies that deficiency. I argue for three claims. First, if we take instrumental goods to be those that are a means or causally lead to the intrinsic good and we take constitutive goods to be those that are part of or amount to the intrinsic good, then the Epicureans probably took reverence for a wise man and wisdom to be instrumental goods but self-sufficiency and phronesis (...)
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  10.  1
    Sobre o Bem Nas Memoráveis de Xenofonte.Alice Bitencourt Haddad - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):205-216.
    This article analyzes the concept of good through an overview of Xenophon’s Memorabilia. It begins with the dialogue between Socrates and Aristippus, in which the philosopher links the good with utility, indicating the recurrence of this conception in the dialogue with Euthydemus. It shows how the conception of good as useful is expanded to the divine realm, identifying the passages in which the gods appear as benefactors of humanity. Then, it deals, in contrast, with the human difficulty of accessing good, (...)
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  11. Book Review – Burley, Mikel. Wittgenstein, Religion and Ethics – New Perspectives From Philosophy and Theology. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018. [REVIEW]Ricardo Henriques - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):447-452.
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  12.  5
    Aristotle’s Account of Moral Perception (EN.VI.8) & Nussbaum’s Priority of the Particular Thesis.Benjamin Hole - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):357-380.
    Consider a contemporary retrieval of Aristotle’s account of moral perception. Drawing from EN.VI.8, Martha Nussbaum argues that we perceive moral particulars prior to ethical principles. First, I explain her priority of the particular thesis. The virtuous person perceives value in the world, as part of her moral deliberation. This perceptual skill is an important aspect of her virtuous activity, and hence also part of her eudaimonia. Second, I present her priority thesis with a dilemma: our perception of moral particulars is (...)
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  13.  5
    Ethics of Friendship: Ancient and Modern Philosophical Approaches to the Good.Jonas Holst - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):325-340.
    The purpose of the paper is to investigate into the ethical significance of friendship, beginning with its origins in ancient Greek philosophy. The first part is dedicated to an interpretation of Plato’s understanding of friendship as a way towards the good. The second part focuses on how Aristotle takes up the thread after Plato and elaborates on the potential of friendship to enhance the good between virtuous people. In the final parts, the paper uncovers Friedrich Nietzsche’s posthumous thoughts on “an (...)
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  14.  1
    A Autossuficiência Do Bem. Sobre Alguns Paradoxos da Ética Aristotélica.Paulo Butti de Lima - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):121-142.
    In the first book of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle describes the Good as perfect and self-sufficient. He adds that the notion of self-sufficiency must be considered not from the point of view of the single man, but of the community. This argument seems incoherent: is self-sufficiency to be attributed to the Good or to the community? In order to answer this question, we can ask initially if it is the same to say that the Good or the community is self-sufficient. (...)
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  15. Book Review – Ferry, Jean-Marc. Métaphysiques. Le sens commun au défi du réel. Paris: Les Éditions Cerf, 2021. [REVIEW]Andreas Gonçalves Lind - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):435-438.
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  16. Eudaimonia: Il Ritorno Agli Antichi E Degli Antichi. Annotazioni Attorno Ad Una Proposta Filosofica.Giannicola Maraglino - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):93-118.
    The study of 20th-century philosophical thought could prove to be of great interest if read in the light of its ethical-anthropological demands. In this sense, he cannot but turn with great interest to the philosophy of the American Martha Nussbaum. Specifically, the name of this philosopher should recall that cultural context of “analytical” philosophy. The intention of this contribution will be to seek the theoretical nodes of the renewed post-modern philosophical interest in the thought of the ancients and especially towards (...)
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  17.  1
    Aristóteles Contra o Bem Dos Economistas.Mário Maximo - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):217-234.
    Despite its origins within moral philosophy, economists think their science has nothing to do with the good. They appeal to some kind of Hume’s guillotine that divides the descriptive and the normative. With that in hand, they affirm the solely descriptive aspect of their discipline. I argue this is not the case. Economists have, as they need to, an all encompassing notion of the good. I suggest going back to Aristotelian arguments to show the shortcomings of this good of economists. (...)
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  18.  1
    Aristóteles E a Hierarquia Dos Bens.Francisco Moraes - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):251-270.
    In this paper, I would like to presente the hierarchy of goods, supported by Aristotle in his ethical treaties and in Politics, as the solution to the impasse between two conceptions of virtue that come into open conflict in some of the main Platonic dialogues: virtue as sovereignity and self-sufficiency of the wise, such as that which opposes the insufficiency of addiction, and virtue as capacity ans achievement, as that which opposes to incapacity and to debility. I intend to show (...)
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  19. In Memoriam. José Bernardino Fernandes, SJ.Bruno Nobre - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):429-432.
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  20. Sobre o Caráter Absoluto Ou Relativo da Noção de Bem Em Sua Conexão Com as Noções de Forma E Matéria.Luís Filipe Bellintani Ribeiro - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):143-162.
    In ethics, the good is the final cause of every action. All other causes are what they are relatively to the final cause, but the final cause is not relative to something else, except as means and efficient cause of an ulterior motive, whereby the supreme end, whose possession brings happiness, is the absolute in ethics. In physics, the same thing: the living being tends to the fullness of its eidos and all matter is moved towards that end. But the (...)
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  21. Book Review – Miguens, Sofia, João Alberto Pinto, E Diana Couto (Eds.) Filosofia da Mente – Uma Antologia. Porto: Editora da Universidade Do Porto, 2019. [REVIEW]João Faria Silva - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):439-446.
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  22. « Expliquer le Bien Par Une Image ». Simone Weil Et L’Image Platonicienne du Bien Dans la République.Francesca Simeoni - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):341-356.
    In this contribution I aim to analyze how Simone Weil interprets the image of the Good and the periagōghē of the soul described by Socrates in Plato’s Republic. In the first part, I consider the key role that Plato plays in the last writings of Weil. The Athenian philosopher, in fact, becomes a specific reference for Weil in the 1940s, within her attempt to reformulate an ethic for contemporaneity. In the second part, I analyze Weil’s specific comments on the Socratic (...)
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  23.  1
    What Does Divination Mean for Plato’s Socrates? On the Relationship Between Being and the Good.Huaiyuan Zhang - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):71-92.
    Has philosophy ever completed a transition from divine revelation to rational reflection? Has it been Plato’s goal? In this paper I will establish and examine a parallel between divination and philosophy embodied in Plato’s Socrates. I will cite instances from both directions to analyze Plato’s indecision concerning a philosophical treatment of divination: On the one hand, Plato renovates the cultural stock of divination to supplement the rational process of Socratic dialectics. In particular, when he makes a proposal not as a (...)
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  24.  1
    Revisiting the Boy-and-Girl Fallacy at Nicomachean Ethics I 2.Marco Zingano - 2021 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77 (1):271-294.
    This paper proposes a new reading of Nicomachean Ethics I 2 1094a18-22 with a view to solving the problem that the argument this passage contains would be invalid because it apparently commits a quantifier shift to reach its conclusion. On the reading advocated in this paper, no fallacy is committed, and the argument is sound provided one reads the conclusion at 1094a21-22 in the way the manuscript Marcianus 213 invites us to do. Grammatical considerations are produced to shore up the (...)
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