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  1.  1
    La Mejor Solución a Tu Problema. Hacia Una Filosofía Del Marketing y El Consumo.Carlos Ballesteros García - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):451-472.
    The consumption society, understood as that one which is structured social, economic and even politically around the market and the exchange of goods and services for money is, without any doubt, a field of interest to think deeply about its configuration and management. Marketing, understood as that business function responsible for managing the meeting of the firm´s catalogue with the needs of the market, is the focus of this paper. In it there is a reflection on key concepts such as (...)
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  2.  2
    Presentation – Philosophy of Management.Álvaro Balsas & José Bento da Silva - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):363-366.
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  3. Politico-Architectonic Philosophy as Place Building in Albany, New York, U.S.A.Carlos José Lopes Balsas - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):551-582.
    Governmental complexes vary in their urbanistic conceptions. Many exhibit grandiose visions intended to create strong feelings in the minds and hearts of those who visit and work within their inner-bowels. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the conception, design, planning, construction and long-term plausibility of the Empire State Plaza in Albany, New York. It is hypothesized that the ESP represents the radicalization of a vision, the materialization of a governmental utopia, and the memorialization of a skyline not timely (...)
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  4. Book Review - Logical Modalities From Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. [REVIEW]Ricardo Barroso Batista - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):881-884.
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  5. Book Review - Schopenhauer’s Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. [REVIEW]Ricardo Barroso Batista - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):885-888.
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  6. Será Possível Financiar Um Rendimento Básico Incondicional Em Portugal? Análise de Três Cenários.Mariana Castro - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):627-660.
    This paper tackles the polemic topic of financing a Universal Basic Income in Portugal. Against the catastrophist scenarios that argue that such a public policy is either completely utopian, or would entail the ultimate destruction of the Welfare State, the paper analyses what it would take to finance a UBI in Portugal. In order to do so, it looks at three different scenarios: 1) the implementation of a modest income, whose impact would be akin to a small social dividend such (...)
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  7. Rendimento Básico Incondicional, Segurança Económica E Igualdade de Género, No Quadro Do Capitalismo Pós-Industrial.Lina Coelho - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):729-758.
    Universal Basic Income is not a consensual issue among feminist thinkers. Some authors defend its potential for correcting the bias of social security systems in favor of employment and in detriment of unpaid work, as well as its contribution to the empowerment and economic decision-making power of women within the family. Yet other authors argue that UBI will not contribute to changing the traditional division of labor between men and women, and that it could even strengthen it. This paper argues (...)
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  8. How to Connect Physics with Metaphysics: Leibniz on the Conservation Law, Force, and Substance.Shohei Edamura - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):787-810.
    Leibniz once argued that scholastic substantial forms do not exist, but he later emphasized that bodies have substantial forms. This implies that he assumed that bodies have intrinsic powers to act by themselves. In order to understand the change of his metaphysics, we need to identify the resources of his motivation to introduce a new view. On the basis of Leibniz’s early works in the 1670s and 80s, this paper explores how his discovery of the law that the quantity of (...)
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  9.  1
    Management, Liderazgo Ignaciano y Filosofía Moral.José Luis Fernández Fernández - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):473-508.
    The article places its reflections in the precise point where management, business ethics and leadership converge. After considering and making reference to the latest publications at the international level on the ethical dimension of leadership, the article focuses on a certain type of leadership, so to speak, qualified, adjectival: that which emanates from the perspective offered by the spirituality of Saint Ignatius of Loyola and the Company of Jesus, to which so much interest has been paid in recent times. The (...)
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  10. Impiedade Linguística E o Sustento da Moral Em Adorno.Francisco Luciano Teixeira Filho - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):865-878.
    The article deals with the meaning of moral grounding in Theodor W. Adorno. First, it presents a brief discussion about the authors who discuss with the theme. Then, it seeks to understand what Adorno understands by linguistic infidelity. From this, it develops the reasoning sense as a negation of the rational foundation, but as the basis of morality.
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  11. Overcoming Recklessness in Finance and the Urgent Need for Strengthening Ethics.Mikel Larreina - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):409-450.
    Lack of ethics had a significant role in the financial crisis of 2007-08 that triggered the Great Recession. Politicians, social and religious leaders have described finance as a soulless sector, particularly prone to corruption and fraud. Bankers themselves have asked for limits and have recognised that a cultural change is needed. The abandonment of a macho culture of greed and recklessness is not easy and takes time. Unfortunately, a delay in the reshaping of the financial system is a luxury that (...)
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  12. Materiality and Discursivity in the Study of Organizations: Agency, Metaphors and Structures.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):369-384.
    In this article I draw upon the distinction between the semiotic and the semantic aspect of language in order to understand the role of material forces and discourse in shaping organizations. This helps finding complementarities between approaches more focused on language and discourse when studying institutions, and approaches centered on social structures as material causes for human agency, such as critical realism. The notion of metaphor, in particular, helps addressing various problems with the critical realist notion of structure. The critical (...)
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  13. Como Implementar E Financiar Um Rendimento Básico Incondicional? Reflexões Para o Caso Português E Proposta de Um Projeto-Piloto.Roberto Merrill & Gonçalo Marcelo - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):585-626.
    This paper elaborates on the several possible ways to implement and finance a Universal Basic Income, paying specific attention to the Portuguese situation. It argues that while it does not seem possible to immediately implement a UBI at subsistence level only counting on resources from the Portuguese state budget the overall goal of achieving it should not be put aside. It shows that the objections usually raised to this possibility are overrated, because they tend not to take into account either (...)
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  14. A Justificação Ética Para o Rendimento Incondicional À Luz da Teoria Rawlsiana de Justiça E Algumas Considerações Empíricas.Ana Catarina Neves - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):661-694.
    In order to discuss Unconditional Basic Income from a philosophical standpoint, it is important to mention John Rawls and its concept of justice as fairness and property-owning democracy. At the same time, one is required to argue whether Rawls’ ideas are compatible with the UBI concept. On one hand, the idea of social minimum and ensuring everyone its fair share might lead to a strong and simple justification of UBI through John Rawls’ lens. On the other hand, I believe it (...)
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  15. Do Ser Finito Ao Ser Eterno: A Analogia Do ‘Eu Sou’ Em Edith Stein.Etelvina Pires Lopes Nunes - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):811-842.
    Edith Stein finds in the analogia entis the structure of the being. In this study, we aim to present the course traced by the author, to go back from the finite being to the eternal being. Temporality, as Heidegger conceived it in Sein und Zeit, led Stein to consider that this is the mark of the finiteness of the human being, but it is also an indication of the ontological need to receive the being. The temporal finiteness is already ‘movement’ (...)
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  16.  1
    Ambientalismo e Ecologismo: Dois Modelos de RBI Verde.Jorge Pinto - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):759-784.
    The Greens are the political group in which the support for the implementation of a basic income is stronger. Nevertheless, the reasons for that support are not always clear and quite often not related to environmental issues. For this reason, two different approaches to a green BI – environmental and ecological – are discussed in this article. The first could be part of a green growth strategy, whereas the second would require structural changes to the economic model, in support of (...)
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  17. Capabilities E Rendimento Básico Incondicional: Um Estudo Introdutório Sobre as Possibilidades de Compatibilização.Hugo Rajão - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):695-728.
    This article is an introductory study on the possibilities of the relation between the capability approach and the implementation of an unconditional basic income. In that sense, in the first part I shall analize in what way Philippe Van Parijs can or can not handle the problem of the conversion, as theorized by Amartya Sen. In the second part, conversely, I will inquire to what extent is the UBI implementation compatible with the theory of justice of Martha Nussbaum.
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  18. A Normatização Contábil Para Investimentos Em Joint Ventures Na Perspectiva da Teoria Tridimensional de Miguel Reale.Vivianne Roldan - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):509-550.
    The purpose of the essay was to discuss the process of accounting choice in the regulation of investments in joint ventures in light of the Three-dimensional theory of Miguel Reale. Recently, the International Accounting Standards Board has determined the elimination of the proportionate consolidation method, even in the absence of empirical evidence to prove, with robustness, the best method that meets the criteria of quality of accounting information. From 2013, IFRS 11 in force requires the use of the equity method, (...)
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  19. A Estrutura Dasein Enquanto Mundo: Estudo Sobre a Primeira Seção da Obra Ser E Tempo.Manuel Santos - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):843-864.
    The aim of this study is to work out the meaning of the phenomenon being-in-the-world, out of the concepto f World, released by Heidegger in his analytic of Dasein’s Being. If Dasein is the only one who has the understanding of Being under the structure: Being projective already in a World with the intramundane found being, then this analytic is the primary necessary step for the understanding of the question that asks about the meaning of Being at all, which is (...)
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  20.  1
    The Ontological Ground of Business Ethics.Conceição Soares - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):385-408.
    In this article we shall argue that the analysis of the ontology of exchange in which our human life is based, is crucial to understand the place of ethics in the business world. Otherwise, ethics is only seen in a prescriptive or normative way. The normative way of looking to reality is a crystallization of time and history and a distortion of our understanding of human life. As human beings we are social beings and our lives are built by interchanges (...)
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  21.  2
    Book Review - R. Paul Thompson E Ross E.G. Upshur, Philosophy of Medicine: An Introduction. [REVIEW]Ricardo Barroso Batista - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):329-332.
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  22.  5
    Book Review - Edward Feser, Five Proofs of the Existence of God. [REVIEW]Ricardo Barroso Batista - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):333-338.
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  23.  3
    A Methodology for the Theory of Science and its Application to the Reconstruction of the Metaphysical Level of Duhem’s Theory of Science.José R. N. Chiappin - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):19-58.
    This article aims at introducing a methodological structure for reconstructing conceptions of theories of science named methodology of the theory of science. It splits into three levels: metaphysical, of science and history of science. In its turn, is made of three kinds of propositions, ontological theses, epistemological theses and axiological theses. They serve to define the goals and the restrictions of the theory of science. The methodology is formulated in the context of presenting a reconstruction of the metaphysical level of (...)
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  24.  1
    Estudo Histórico-Crítico da Fundamentação da Mec'nica Por Mach.Ricardo Lopes Coelho - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):197-218.
    Mechanics was the foundation of physics in the 19th century. Its own foundation was, however, problematic. Mach proposed a new foundation of mechanics. As we shall see, the cause of acceleration is no longer the force, which was the great problem at that time, but rather the mass. The definition of force, which is a reading of the equation of force, did not solve, however, the conceptual problem. If we want to know what force is and we require that force (...)
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  25.  4
    Bohr E Einstein: Filosofia, Debate E Controvérsia.Rodolfo Petrônio da Costa - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):279-294.
    In this article we aim at showing that despite being assigned quite opposite philosophical viewpoints as far as both range and role of science are concerned, Bohr and Einstein might eventually agree if we considered their approaches as dealing with distinct realms. Apparently, Einstein´s claim that reality ought to be identified to physical reality can be made compatible to Bohr´s claim that science, especially quantum mechanics, deals only with phenomena, that is, with those situations where one has certain observations and (...)
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  26.  1
    Kant E a Sua Crítica a Hutcheson E À Doutrina Do Sentimento Moral Na Década de 1770.Bruno Cunha - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):309-326.
    In this paper, my aim is to reconstruct, through the material presented in the handschrifter Nachlaß, Kant`s criticism to Hutcheson and to the doctrine of moral feeling in the 1770s in the so called silent decade. As we can note, this criticism generally is addressed to the fact that the doctrine of moral feeling is lacking an objective ground on which can be established a categorical conception of ethics. Moreover, I argue that in this context Kant already demonstrates, from his (...)
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  27.  2
    What’s Missing in the Secularization Debate?John Farina - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):295-308.
    Today’s secularization debate contains in it several assumptions that restrict inquiry and leave out other historic solutions to questions of ordering political society. Does liberalism inevitably lead to the transformation of all traditional values that use place, blood, and faith to hold people together? Or are there new ways to reclaim pre-liberal values in our current age, without sacrificing the benefits to human flourishing that are the legacy of liberalism?
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  28.  8
    Ernst Mach and Pragmatic Realism.Pietro Gori - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):151-172.
    The paper addresses the issue of scientific realism in Mach, and his pragmatist approach to epistemology. Firstly, Eric Banks’s interpretation of Mach as a direct realist about particulars will be explored and discussed. Secondly, Sami Pihlström’s pragmatic realism will be considered, and it will be suggested that this view can be more viably attributed to Mach. Finally, in the light of Mach’s 1910 paper on Sensory Elements and Scientific Concepts, it will be argued that Mach’s agnosticism was probably stronger than (...)
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  29.  2
    Ernst Mach, Karl R. Popper y Thomas S. Kuhn: Aportaciones Al Estudio de Los Experimentos Mentales.Damian Islas Mondragon - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):133-150.
    Until relatively recent times very few philosophical studies about thought experiments were available. Among these pioneering works are those of Ernst Mach, Karl R. Popper and Thomas S. Kuhn, respectively. In this article, I begin by analyzing the way in which Mach understood this type of experiment. Later, I will review the positions developed by Popper and Kuhn on the matter. Afterwards I will analyze a thought experiment, the so-called “Stevin on the Inclined Plane”, in order to show that Mach (...)
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  30.  1
    Aspectos da Filosofia da Ciência de Pierre Duhem: Variedades de Subdeterminação Empírica E a Função Do Bom Senso Na Escolha Entre Teorias.Alexander Maar - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):59-84.
    As a philosopher of science, Pierre Duhem is most often remembered as the earliest contributor to what became known as the Duhem-Quine thesis. This thesis casts doubt on our ability to isolate and test theories, and to choose between empirically equivalent rivals. By extension, it offers important criticism of the rationality of deductivist science. In contrast with the vast literature produced during the 20th century addressing the problem of empirical underdetermination of theories, little has been said on the viability of (...)
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  31.  1
    The Distinction Between Physics and Metaphysics in Duhem’s Philosophy.Rogelio Miranda Vilchis - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):85-114.
    Pierre Duhem’s philosophy of science has influenced many philosophers in the twentieth century, and even today. Many of the subjects he addressed are still highly discussed today, especially the distinction between science and metaphysics. My aim in this paper will be to motivate a naturalistic approach where the difference between physics and metaphysics is only a matter of degree. I focus on whether it would be possible to articulate this gradual distinction from a duhemian point of view. Although Duhem thought (...)
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  32.  4
    Philosophy Matters: Steven Weinberg, Reductionism, and Inevitability.Bruno Nobre & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):249-278.
    According to Steven Weinberg, it is the goal of elementary particle physics to search for the final laws of physics, i.e. a simple set of principles from which everything we know about physics can be derived. The main criterion that guides the search for such a set of principles is, according to the author, the sense of inevitability of physical theories, which Weinberg conflates with the idea of beauty. The theoretical physicists’ task is, in this sense, to look for constraining (...)
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  33.  1
    Reconsidering Mach in the Light of the Interplay of Practices.María de Paz - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):219-246.
    The aim of this paper is to reconsider Mach’s position in the light of the recent approach on the interplay of mathematical practices provided by José Ferreirós’ book Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices. In the first section the main approach of the book is presented, with a characterization of the notion of ‘scientific practice’ and the triple approach used to understand mathematical knowledge: cognitive, pragmatist and historical. In the sections 2, 3 and 4 Mach’s philosophical views are presented (...)
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  34.  1
    Presentation – Pierre Duhem and Ernst Mach: Science and Philosophy.María de Paz & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):13-16.
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  35.  1
    Que Sentido Dar À Metafísica E Ao Senso Comum? Uma Análise Das Atitudes Filosóficas de Mach E Duhem À Luz da Distinção Entre Fato E Valor.Carlos Fils Puig & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):115-132.
    Through the analysis of the thought of Mach and Duhem, who have felt the need to re-evaluate the relationship between metaphysics and physics, we study in what measure the authors had a position relating to an eventual weakening of the traditional epistemic criteria, which were until their time used for the evaluation of scientific theories, and those criteria should respect the distinction between fact and value. We investigate the way each argues for a division between science and metaphysics, as well (...)
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  36.  1
    Looking for Routes in Mach’s Epistemology.Isabel Serra & Elisa Maia - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (1):173-196.
    The epistemological thinking of Ernst Mach has roots in the transformations of the life sciences that took place in the 19th century. This fact was the starting point for analyzing his ideas about knowledge that were developed in several fundamental works, namely The Science of Mechanics and The Analysis of Sensations. In this study we intend to highlight the biological roots of Mach’s thinking, taking the routes he chose in his approaches to the themes “instinctive knowledge”, “biological origin of knowledge” (...)
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