23 found

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  1.  1
    Análisis de algunas de las últimas obras publicadas de Xavier Zubiri. ¿En qué está su novedad?Esteban Vargas Abarzúa - 2022 - Quaestio 21:325-344.
    This article analyses three works or sets of works by Zubiri that I have edited. They are: “The concept of matter” and “The living being”, the “theologic trilogy” and Science and Reality. We analyze their “genesis”, and how this generates some “novelties” in Zubiri’s thinking. The article shows that in order to go deeper into what a philosopher “thinks”, it is necessary to know how his thought is progressing.
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  2.  2
    Etica fenomenologica come metaetica: il contributo della riflessione husserliana.Giulia Cabra - 2022 - Quaestio 21:421-426.
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  3.  1
    La dimensione storica dell’uomo nelle riflessioni di Zubiri.Giuseppe Cacciatore - 2022 - Quaestio 21:203-213.
    This paper analyzes Zubirian concept of historical reality and it is focused on “traditive transmission” and on History refluence on human reality. It also hints at a comparison between Zubiri and Dilthey on the concept of life and it tries to show a proximity started from the role played by the concept of unreal and figuration. At the end, it deals with the figure of Ellacuria and the way in which he has developed Zubirian reflection on History in the terms (...)
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  4.  1
    Algunos problemas del pensamiento de Zubiri sobre Dios y la religión.Javier Ruiz Calderón - 2022 - Quaestio 21:259-274.
    In this paper we deal with some limitations of the Philosophy of Religion and the Philosophical Theology of Zubiri. In section 1 we discuss ten topics relevant to Phenomenology of Religion as expla...
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  5.  1
    Filosofia come saggezza straniera.Giovanni Cerro - 2022 - Quaestio 21:433-441.
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  6. Noología en tiempos de neurociencias e inteligencia artificial.Jesús Conill - 2022 - Quaestio 21:215-232.
    This paper shows the relevance of Zubirian noology for metaphysics in the 21st century, which is marked by the rise of neurosciences and artificial intelligence. Zubiri’s noological analysis, which is closely linked to neurobiology, contributes to offering a new conception of human reality and intelligence.
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  7. Il labirinto come paradigma del tempo.Costantino Esposito - 2022 - Quaestio 21:426-433.
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  8.  2
    Verdad y ethos. Claves para un humanismo nihilista desde Zubiri.Óscar Barroso Fernández - 2022 - Quaestio 21:153-170.
    In this work we try to think about philosophy as a way of life in Zubiri and as opposed to Foucault. At the end of his life, Foucault considered that a philosophy understood as an attitude or self-care demanded the marginalisation of the veritational and humanist tendencies that were hegemonic in the philosophical tradition. But, precisely, from Zubiri we can think of a humanist philosophy as a way of life in which truth, as a moment of the transcendental order and (...)
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  9.  5
    The Limitations of Artificial Intelligence in Light of Zubiri’s Noology.Thomas B. Fowler - 2022 - Quaestio 21:233-258.
    Rapid advances in computer technology and what is termed ‘Artificial Intelligence’ in the past 70 years have led to speculation about the ultimate capabilities of electronic devices, including speculation about whether they will make humans obsolete at some future time. Zubiri’s distinction between sensible intelligence and sentient intelligence can be applied to understanding of the limitations of AI. Machines can only operate on the sensible intelligence paradigm, which entails limits. Sentient intelligence allows humans to carry out functions that sensible intelligence-based (...)
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  10.  1
    ¿Realismo zubiriano? A propósito de un diálogo entre Xavier Zubiri e Ignacio Ellacuría.Ángel González - 2022 - Quaestio 21:289-308.
    The lectures we examine in this essay, and which took place in 1978, are at the genesis of the trilogy Sentient Intelligence by X. Zubiri. In the first place, they demonstrate that Zubiri`s Philosophical project does not fit in with today´s fashionable concept of new realism, or with idealism. In the second place, they make it clear that what he considers Actuality cannot be understood as the passivity of intelligence. And lastly, maybe more than in any of his other writings, (...)
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  11.  1
    Estructura dinámica de la actualidad.Antonio González - 2022 - Quaestio 21:37-73.
    Which is Zubiri’s contribution to the future of metaphysics? An outline of Zubiri’s evolution could show where his philosophy was heading. The present paper assesses the initial primacy of ‘actuality’ in Zubiri’s early philosophy, its relative disappearance in the fifties and sixties, and the reasons why actuality once again became a central concept of Zubiri’s metaphysics. It also shows that, in his final works, Zubiri began to stress the essentially dynamic and constitutive character of ‘actualization’, now understood as ‘structuration’.
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  12. Amicus Plato. La filosofía como profesión de verdad.Diego Gracia - 2022 - Quaestio 21:3-16.
    Philosophy is the search of truth. This means that philosophers are those which are looking for the truth, no matter where it could be. As a consequence, the study of previous philosophers can only have the role of an aid in order to reach this task. They are only means, not ends in themselves. The rest is ‘scholasticism’. As a true philosopher, Zubiri was changing all his life his mind and progressing in the analysis of reality. In this paper some (...)
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  13.  1
    Problematismo, lucidez y pontencialidad de la filosofía zubiriana de la inteligencia.Víctor M. Tirado San Juan - 2022 - Quaestio 21:97-128.
    After the last very deep and intense investigations on Zubiri’s thought carried out in recent decades, this essay aims to contribute to make an assessment of the current state of the matter, examining several fundamental problems concerning human knowledge, which has been masterfully elucidated by the Spanish thinker: the question of truth and its modalities; the link between truth, knowledge and reality. It is also about seeing the question of the limits and possibilities from human Knowledge, attending to the articulation (...)
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  14.  1
    Realidad y sociedad en Zubiri.Ricardo Espinoza Lolas - 2022 - Quaestio 21:189-202.
    This article reflects on the social reality in the work of the Spanish philosopher Xavier Zubiri. For this, a detailed investigation of the most important milestones is carried out where social reality is worked in accordance with the work of the philosopher. And, in addition, a possible “noology of society” is suspected that would be fundamental to understand the human today. And for this the work Sentient Intelligence becomes fundamental.
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  15. Dall’intelletto potenziale alla coscienza eterna. Aristotelismo “averroizzante” e idealismo in Thomas Hill Green.Antonio Lombardi - 2022 - Quaestio 21:369-399.
    The essay examines Thomas Hill Green’s idealistic reading of Aristotle’s Metaphysics and De anima, starting from his “monopsychist” view of human understanding. His criticism of the Aristotelian notion of substance leads him to a recalibration of hylomorphism and a “noetization” of matter, which could be seen as an averroizing move. Green holds that there is only one “Eternal Consciousness” and that the individual thinking subjects are particular manifestations of it. As for Averroes’ unity of intellect, this idea derives from a (...)
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  16.  1
    L’esse nel Liber de Causis. Una polisemia parzialmente inaspettata: problemi dottrinali e tradizione manoscritta.Maria Evelina Malgieri - 2022 - Quaestio 21:347-367.
    If we consider that being and its multiple meanings represent the subject of Aristotle’s Metaphysics - of which the Liber de causis was the ‘official’ complement in the teaching programmes of medieval universities -, it may seem odd that one of the points perceived as most troublesome and innovative in the Liber was precisely the concept of being. Among the most quoted and commented passages of the De causis is indeed proposition IV, which states that being is the first of (...)
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  17. L’ovvietà del mondo e la trascendenza. Sul concetto di metafisica in Zubiri.Francesco Marrone - 2022 - Quaestio 21:75-95.
    Zubiri’s thought can be qualified as an attempt to reconsider the assumptions and contents of the history of metaphysics from a new perspective. In almost all his writings, Zubiri targets the tradition of Western metaphysics and its fundamental concepts from heterogeneous perspectives and with different methods. Among his mature writings there is one that is exemplary in this regard: Los problemas fundamentales de la metafisíca occidental. This paper examines the peculiar definition of metaphysics that Zubiri formulates in this work, paying (...)
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  18. La logica dell’esistenza e il movimento della storia. Heidegger e Patočka.Matteo Angelo Mollisi - 2022 - Quaestio 21:401-418.
    The present article aims to provide an original interpretation of Jan Patočka’s philosophy of history starting from the consideration of the debt it holds with Heidegger’s thought, in particular with the existential analytic of Being and time. Of Heidegger’s analytics, in fact, Patočka grasps and assumes with great radicality and originality the peculiar ‘modal logic’, according to which the existential dimension of closure, inauthenticity and estrangement from oneself is not opposed ‘frontally’ to that of openness, authenticity and nearness to oneself (...)
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  19.  1
    Sobre la esencia: un laboratorio linguistico.Maria Lida Mollo - 2022 - Quaestio 21:129-152.
    This paper analyzes neologisms in Sobre la esencia and it is divided in three parts. The first one deals with the relationship between Zubiri’s style and Spanish philosophical language. The second one is dedicated to semantic neology and borrowing in philosophical terminology and the third one to lexical neology and word formation processes, specially compounding and derivation.
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  20.  5
    Premessa. Xavier Zubiri: una metafisica del XX secolo.Paolo Ponzio - 2022 - Quaestio 21:17-35.
    In this study, in the light of Xavier Zubiri’s Metaphysics, we want to pay attention to the nuances of the term “transcendental”, trying to grasp shades and developments of its use in Zubiri’s thought to understand its originality and to be able to offer some clarifications on essential aspects of his philosophical system, in order to redefine his philosophy of reality as trans-physics.
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  21. La ética en el horizonte post-metafísico. Poder y deber como hechos morales.Carlos Pose - 2022 - Quaestio 21:171-188.
    The subject of ethics has already been studied by scholars who have focused on the work of the philosopher Xavier Zubiri. Nevertheless, within the framework of what we might call ‘Zubiri’s ethics’, not all the presuppositions of a postmetaphysical Zubirian ethics have yet been analyzed. By Zubirian ‘post-metaphysical ethics’ we understand that which derives from noology or the theory of sentient intelligence. As this theory affects both the affecting feeling and the tending will according to what Zubiri called ‘intellectionism’, the (...)
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  22. Il problema di Dio e la religione in Zubiri.Armando Savignano - 2022 - Quaestio 21:275-288.
    The problem of God is addressed by Zubiri on the basis of anthropological, epistemological and metaphysical assumptions. A central role is represented by the atheistic and agnostic attitudes with w...
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  23.  2
    La presenza di Kant in Zubiri secondo Ignacio Ellacuría: storia, filosofia, intelletto.Tommaso Sgarro - 2022 - Quaestio 21:309-324.
    Kant is an author who frequently recurs in Zubiri’s works. The constancy of the comparison between the two philosophers is entirely internal to the method of investigation itself of Zubrian philosophy, which has nothing properly historiographical, and which has posed many problems to the commentators of Spanish philosopher. Following the references to Zubiri’s interpretation of Kant in the philosophical texts of Ignacio Ellacuria, we will try to feed a two-part comparison whose main goal is to clarify the nature and the (...)
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